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Results 201 - 250 of 1096
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Matsuse Hiroo - - 2010
Resistance exercise is a physiological stimulus for acute increases in growth hormone (GH) secretion, and it also causes lactate accumulation and stimulates norepinephrine (NE) secretion as a sympathetic nervous response. The hybrid exercise method (HYB) is a novel resistance exercise method that combines a voluntary concentric muscle contraction and an ...
Wahl Patrick - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine the acute hormonal response of a short term high-intensity training (HIT) versus a high volume endurance training (HVT) and to determine the contribution of the metabolic acidosis as a stimulus for possibly different reactions of circulating hGH, IGF-1, IGFBP-3 and cortisol. ...
Dudgeon Wesley David - - 2010
Exercise has the potential to impact disease by altering circulating anabolic and catabolic factors. It was the goal of this study to determine how different regimens of low-intensity and moderate-intensity exercise affected circulating levels of these anabolic and catabolic factors in HIV-infected men. Exercise-naive, HIV-infected men, medically cleared for study ...
Fatouros Ioannis - - 2010
Exercise is a paradigm of a stress situation. The adaptive response to stressors comprises the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and components of the autonomic sympathetic system. An aseptic inflammatory reaction is triggered by exercise, involving the stimulation of the so-called proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor α ...
Pichini Simona - - 2010
Indirect biomarkers of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II), insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3) and insulin (C-peptide) were measured together with urinary parameters of renal damage (beta(2)-microglobulin and proteinuria) by immunoassays, in house validated for the purpose, in 61 subjects ...
Rahimi Rahman - - 2010
The effect of 3 different rest periods on the acute hormonal responses to resistance exercise (RE) was examined in 10 experienced resistance trained men (age: 20.37 +/- 2.24 years, weight: 65.5 +/- 26.70 kg). On 3 separate sessions of an RE protocol, subjects were assigned in a random order a ...
Kon Michihiro - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Several recent studies have shown that resistance exercise combined with vascular occlusion effectively causes increases in muscular size and strength. Researchers speculated that the vascular occlusion-induced local hypoxia may contribute to the adaptations via promoting anabolic hormone secretions stimulated by local accumulation of metabolic subproducts. Here, we examined whether ...
Vendelbo Mikkel H - - 2010
CONTEXT: GH secretion is increased by stress, such as fasting and exercise. OBJECTIVE: Our study was designed to test the hypothesis that fasting and exercise increase GH levels, GH-dependent signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-5b phosphorylation, and IGF-I mRNA levels in human skeletal muscle. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Eight healthy ...
Charro M A - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of different resistance training systems (Multiple-set [MS] and Pyramid [P]) on hormonal, metabolic and perceptual markers of internal load. Ten healthy men performed two resistance training sessions (MS and P) which consisted of three exercises (bench press, peck deck ...
Madarame H - - 2010
To compare endocrine responses to low-intensity resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR) for upperlimb (UL) and lower-limb (LL) muscles, we measured blood lactate, plasma noradrenaline, and serum growth hormone (GH), testosterone, cortisol and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) before and after the UL (biceps curl and triceps press down) and ...
Beaven C Martyn - - 2010
Testosterone and cortisol respond to exercise stimuli and modulate adaptation. Episodic basal secretion of these hormones may modify the responsiveness of these hormones. We sought to identify episodic steroid secretion via frequent salivary sampling and investigate any interaction between ultradian rhythmicity and induced changes in testosterone. Salivary testosterone and cortisol ...
Ben Ounis O - - 2011
The aim of this study was to characterize the resting levels of cortisol and growth hormone (GH), and the substrate profile during exercise of obese children before and after an individualized training program. Twenty-two obese children (13.1±0.8 yrs) were included in the study. Twelve individuals (six boys and six girls; 31.1±1.1kg/m(2), ...
Stokes Keith A - - 2010
Exercise stimulates growth hormone (GH) release, but there are conflicting reports regarding the acute effects of exercise on circulating ghrelin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) concentrations. This investigation examined (1) the effect of a single sprint on circulating GH, ghrelin and IGF concentrations as well as a marker of IGF-I ...
Ruiz Jonatan R - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a 16-week intrahospital supervised, conditioning program including both resistance and aerobic type training on insulin-like growth factors 1 and 2 (IGF-1, IGF-2), several IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), and growth hormone (GH) in children receiving treatment against acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). ...
Nindl Bradley C - - 2010
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is regulated by a number of IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) and proteases that influence IGF-I bioactivity. A specific IGF-I kinase receptor activation assay (KIRA) has been developed that determines the ability of IGF-I to activate the IGF-I receptor by quantification of intracellular receptor autophosphorylation on IGF-I binding. ...
Zajac Adam - - 2010
This placebo-controlled double-blind study was designed to investigate the effect of arginine and ornithine (arg and orn) supplementation during 3-week heavy-resistance training on serum growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1/insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (GH/IGF-1/IGFBP-3), testosterone, cortisol, and insulin levels in experienced strength-trained athletes. The subjects were randomly divided between a placebo ...
Birzniece Vita - - 2010
Human growth hormone (GH) is widely abused by athletes; however, there is little evidence that GH improves physical performance. Replacement of GH in GH deficiency improves some aspects of exercise capacity. There is evidence for a protein anabolic effect of GH in healthy adults and for increased lean body mass ...
Viru M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the mechanisms for increased exercise performance in conditions of competition. Endurance trained subjects (n=14) performed incremental treadmill running to exhaustion in control laboratory conditions (non-competition) and in conditions of simulated competition to assess performance (running duration). Heart rate and respiration gases were ...
Rahman Zamzy A - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of salivary cortisol, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and nitric oxide (NO) before, during and after acute exercise. Acute exercise was induced using a standard treadmill test with Bruce protocol in ten physically active male participants. Unstimulated saliva was collected ...
Oosthuyse Tanja - - 2010
The female hormones, oestrogen and progesterone, fluctuate predictably across the menstrual cycle in naturally cycling eumenorrhoeic women. Other than reproductive function, these hormones influence many other physiological systems, and their action during exercise may have implications for exercise performance. Although a number of studies have found exercise performance - and ...
Krogh Jesper - - 2010
A blunted growth hormone and prolactin response to pharmacological stress test have previously been found in depressed patients, as well as an increased cortisol response to psychosocial stress. This study investigated these hormones in response to acute exercise using an incremental bicycle test. A cross-sectional comparison of cortisol, growth hormone, ...
Coiro Vittorio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether prolonged physical activity (25 km/week running for 8 years) modifies GH decline. DESIGN: The GH response to maximal exercise on bicycle-ergometer was tested in younger (26-30 years) and older (42-46 years) healthy women. Each age group included 2 subgroups of 10 sedentary and 10 runners, which ...
Jenni S - - 2010
AIMS: To compare exercise-induced growth hormone (GH) response in patients with Type 1 diabetes during stable euglycaemic and hyperglycaemic conditions. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, controlled, single-blinded cross-over trial in seven male patients with well-controlled Type 1 diabetes. The patients cycled twice for 120 min at a level of 55-60% ...
Seo Dong-Il - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of combined exercise training on growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and metabolic-syndrome factors and determine whether the changes in GH and/or IGF-1 induced by exercise correlate to the metabolic-syndrome factors in healthy middle-aged women (50-65 years of ...
Phillips Melody D MD Texas Christian University, Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Fort Worth, TX 76123, USA. - - 2010
Inflammatory cytokines are associated with age- and inactivity-related diseases. We examined the influence of moderate- to high-intensity resistance trainings (RT) on inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 6 (IL-6) and 1beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)) in circulation and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated whole blood in elderly women. Previously sedentary women (72 +/- ...
Michaelides Andreas P - - 2010
Objectives. Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a known cause for false positive exercise test (ET). The purpose of this study was to establish additional electrocardiographic criteria to distinguish the false positive exercise results in patients with MVP. Methods. We studied 218 consecutive patients (53 ± 6 years, 103 males) with ...
Eliakim Alon - - 2010
The effect of exercise training on anabolic hormones and inflammatory mediators is particularly important during childhood and puberty, since during this period there is a spontaneous increase in anabolic hormones that leads to the marked puberty-related growth spurt. Therefore, any training-associated hormonal and/or inflammatory effect during this critical period may ...
Frystyk Jan - - 2010
Exercise is a robust physiological stimulator of the pituitary secretion of growth hormone (GH), and within approximately 15 min after the onset of exercise, plasma GH starts to increase. GH and its primary downstream mediator, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), play a critical role in formation, maintenance, and regeneration of ...
Nishida Yuichiro - - 2010
Increased concentrations of circulating insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) or IGF-I relative to IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) are associated with increased risk of developing several forms of cancer. Conversely, exercise is linked with reduced risk. This study aims to investigate the effect of a low-intensity exercise program on circulating levels of IGF-I, ...
Nindl Bradley C - - 2010
The underlying mechanisms responsible for mediating the beneficial outcomes of exercise undoubtedly are many, but the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) system is emerging as an important and central hormonal axis that plays a significant role concerning cellular anabolism. This introductory article summarizes the intent and the content for papers presented ...
Ross Rebecca L - - 2010
Mounting evidence suggests fibromyalgia (FM) symptoms are influenced by dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-hormonal axes (HPHA) and the immune response system. The predominant FM symptoms of widespread pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, depression, stiffness and exercise intolerance are related to abnormal levels of growth hormone (GH) and are reminiscent of "sickness behavior"; ...
Migiano Matthew J - - 2010
Rehabilitation programs and research experiments use single-arm protocols in which the contralateral arm is not functional or used as a control limb. This study was interested in determining the hormonal signal impacts of such one- versus two-arm exercise responses that might have an impact on adaptational changes with training. The ...
Hills Andrew P - - 2010
An understanding of physical growth and maturation is relevant to many disciplines, including exercise and sport science, anthropology, human biology, medicine, psychology and education. Growth and maturation is governed by a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. There is increasing evidence that physical activity plays an important role in ...
Nindl Bradley C - - 2010
Whereas there are many varied roles of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and it exists in different biocompartments, there is abundant scientific evidence demonstrating that IGF-I is an important metabolic biomarker associated with a variety of health- and exercise-related outcomes. In most cases (muscle, bone, tendon, body composition, and cognitive ...
Nemet Dan - - 2010
Physical activity plays an important role in tissue anabolism, growth and development, but the mechanisms that link patterns of exercise with tissue anabolism are not completely understood. The effectiveness of physical training depends on the training load and on the individual ability to tolerate it, and an imbalance between the ...
Stuempfle Kristin J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Physical stress (exercise and/or environmental) activates the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axes. The combination of ultraendurance exercise in the cold presents a unique summated stress to the body. The purpose of this study was to assess the stress hormone response in runners, cyclists, and skiers participating in a ...
Cadore Eduardo L - - 2009
Although adaptations to water-based resistance exercise and conventional water-based exercise have been investigated, little is known regarding acute anabolic and catabolic hormonal responses to these 2 types of exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute responses of salivary testosterone and cortisol to 2 water-based exercise protocols ...
De Souza M J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The identification of subtle menstrual cycle disturbances requires daily hormone assessments. In contrast, the identification of severe menstrual disturbances, such as amenorrhea and oligomenorrhea, can be established by clinical observation. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of subtle menstrual disturbances, defined as luteal phase ...
West Daniel W D - - 2010
The aim of our study was to determine whether resistance exercise-induced elevations in endogenous hormones enhance muscle strength and hypertrophy with training. Twelve healthy young men (21.8 +/- 1.2 yr, body mass index = 23.1 +/- 0.6 kg/m(2)) trained their elbow flexors independently for 15 wk on separate days and ...
Nemet Dan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Exercise affects growth and development through a complex interaction between the endocrine, immune, and nervous systems. To date very little is known about how these systems respond to exercise in children or adolescents. Moreover, there are few studies that have examined growth factors, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and peripheral blood mononuclear ...
Oliver Stacy R - - 2010
In children, exercise modulates systemic anabolism, muscle growth, and overall physiological development through the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis. GH secretion, at rest and during exercise, changes with age and maturational status and can be blunted by hyperlipidemia and obesity, with possible negative effects on physiological growth. ...
West Daniel W D - - 2009
We aimed to determine whether exercise-induced elevations in systemic concentration of testosterone, growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) enhanced post-exercise myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) and phosphorylation of signalling proteins important in regulating mRNA translation. Eight young men (20 +/- 1.1 years, BMI = 26 +/- 3.5 kg m(-2)) ...
Le Panse B??n??dicte - - 2009
The present study investigated whether short-term oral administration of glucocorticoid would modify performance and selected hormonal and metabolic parameters during submaximal exercise in healthy women. Nine recreational female athletes completed cycling trials at 70-75% VO(2) max until exhaustion after either placebo (Pla, gelatin) or oral prednisone (Cor, Cortancyl, 50 mg ...
Nemet Dan - - 2009
We evaluated the effect of cold ice-pack application following a brief sprint-interval training on the balance between anabolic mediators [growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), testosterone], catabolic markers (cortisol, IGFBP-1), and circulating pro [Interlukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1beta]- and anti-inflammatory cytokines [IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra)]. Twelve males, elite junior handball ...
Eliakim Alon - - 2009
The effect of a single exercise as well as exercise training on the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) axis and inflammatory cytokines was studied mainly in adults participating in individualized endurance-type sports. The gender-specific effect of exercise on these systems in adolescents is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this ...
Izquierdo Mikel - - 2009
This study examined the effects of heavy resistance training on physiological acute exercise-induced fatigue (5 x 10 RM leg press) changes after two loading protocols with the same relative intensity (%) (5 x 10 RM(Rel)) and the same absolute load (kg) (5 x 10 RM(Abs)) as in pretraining in men ...
McClean Conor M - - 2009
Individuals with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) have a greater risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease compared with those with normal glycemic control. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acute aerobic exercise on glycemia, regional arterial stiffness, and oxidative stress in obese subjects with IGT. ...
Roberts Michael D - - 2009
This cross-sectional study examined aging and resistance exercise-related changes in intramuscular gene expression in younger (21.3 +/- 0.6 years, 84.8 +/- 6.0 kg, 26.6 +/- 2.1 kg x m(-2); n = 11) and older men (67.6 +/- 1.3 years, 88.7 +/- 4.8 kg, 28.6 +/- 1.4 kg x m(-2); n ...
Caruso John F - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In-flight muscle mass and strength losses are likely exacerbated by low growth hormone (GH) concentrations. Factors associated with exercise may foretell resultant GH levels and thereby help blunt future mass and strength losses. METHODS: To assess the ability of variables to predict GH variance from resistive exercise done on ...
Bizzarri C - - 2009
Glucocorticoid over-treatment in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) may suppress GH secretion and growth. Aims of our study were: 1) to evaluate post-exercise GH response in patients affected by CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency, in comparison with a group of healthy subjects; 2) to investigate the relationship between the ...
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