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Mørkved Siv - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition in women causing reduced quality of life and withdrawal from fitness and exercise activities. Pregnancy and childbirth are established risk factors. Current guidelines for exercise during pregnancy have no or limited focus on the evidence for the effect of pelvic floor muscle ...
Brichetto Giampaolo - - 2013
Improvement of sensory strategies is a relevant part of balance rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aimed to Assess the effectiveness of visual-feedback exercises in improving balance in MS. We divided 36 patients into Wii and control-treated groups that underwent balance rehabilitation. Outcomes were obtained for Berg Balance Scale ...
Sprung V S VS H. Jones: Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Tom Reilly Building, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street Campus, Liverpool L3 3AF, - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with cardiovascular disease. The contribution of the nitric oxide (NO) dilator system to cutaneous endothelial dysfunction is currently unknown in PCOS. Our aim was to examine whether women with PCOS demonstrate impaired cutaneous microvascular NO function and whether exercise training can ameliorate any impairment. ...
Toma Renata Luri - - 2013
Aging process involves several structural changes in muscle tissue which lead to decrease in musculoskeletal function. One of the most common physiological modifications is the increase in fatigability in elderly people, which leads to inability to maintain strength and motor control. In this context, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has demonstrated ...
Lemanu Daniel P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to investigate the extent to which preoperative conditioning (PREHAB) improves physiologic function and whether it correlates with improved recovery after major surgery. METHODS: An electronic database search identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the safety and efficacy of PREHAB. The outcomes studied were changes in ...
Salimi Fereshteh - - 2013
Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effects of hand exercise using a tourniquet on arteriovenous fistula (AVF) maturity in patients with end stage renal disease.‚Ä©Methods: Fifty patients were randomly allocated to 2 groups with 25 patients. After creating an AVF, in the control group, patients were asked to ...
Keser Ilke - - 2013
This study compared trunk exercises based on the Bobath concept with routine neurorehabilitation approaches in multiple sclerosis (MS). Bobath and routine neurorehabilitation exercises groups were evaluated. MS cases were divided into two groups. Both groups joined a 3 d/wk rehabilitation program for 8 wk. The experimental group performed trunk exercises ...
Crognale Domenico - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Crognale, D, De Vito, G, Grosset, J-F, Crowe, L, Minogue, C, and Caulfield, B. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation can elicit aerobic exercise response without undue discomfort in healthy physically active adults. J Strength Cond Res 27(1): 208-215, 2013-Recent studies have suggested that subtetanic neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) protocols applied to ...
Linder Susan M - - 2013
Because many individuals poststroke lack access to the quality and intensity of rehabilitation to improve upper extremity motor function, a home-based robotic-assisted upper extremity rehabilitation device is being paired with an individualized home exercise program. The primary aim of this project is to determine the effectiveness of robotic-assisted home therapy ...
Borel Benoit - - 2013
Exercise intolerance is a key element in the pathophysiology and course of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). As such, evaluating exercise tolerance has become an important part of the management of COPD. A wide variety of exercise-testing protocols is currently available, each protocol having its own strengths and weaknesses relative ...
Benrick Anna - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and metabolic disorder associated with obesity and insulin resistance that often precedes the development of type-2 diabetes. Rats continuously exposed to dihydrotestosterone from prepuberty display typical reproductive and metabolic PCOS characteristics including anovulation, polycystic ovaries, insulin resistance, and obesity. Our aim was to ...
Hofmann Jana - - 2013
In Germany, a multidisciplinary rehabilitation named "behavioural medical rehabilitation" (BMR) is available for treatment of chronic low back pain (clbp). A central component of BMR is standard exercise therapy (SET), which is directed mainly to improve physical fitness. There is a need to address psychosocial factors within SET and therefore ...
Ketola S - - 2013
To report the five-year results of a randomised controlled trial examining the effectiveness of arthroscopic acromioplasty in the treatment of stage II shoulder impingement syndrome. A total of 140 patients were randomly divided into two groups: 1) supervised exercise programme (n = 70, exercise group); and 2) arthroscopic acromioplasty followed ...
McPherson Nicole O - - 2013
Paternal obesity is now clearly associated with or causal of impaired embryo and fetal development and reduced pregnancy rates in humans and rodents. This appears to be a result of reduced blastocyst potential. Whether these adverse embryo and fetal outcomes can be ameliorated by interventions to reduce paternal obesity has ...
Battaglia Claudia - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine which kind of physical activity could be useful to inmate populations to improve their health status and fitness levels. A repeated measure design was used to evaluate the effects of two different training protocols on subjects in a state of detention, tested ...
King L A LA Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239-3098, USA ; Parkinson Center of Oregon, OP32, 3181 S.W. Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239-3098, - - 2013
Background. It is widely believed that exercise improves mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, it is difficult to determine whether a specific type of exercise is the most effective. The purpose of this study was to determine which outcome measures were sensitive to exercise intervention and to explore ...
Batatinha Helena Angélica Pereira HA Mackenzie Presbyterian University, 546, Taquari St, Moóca, Sao Paulo, - - 2013
Artistic Gymnastics is a sport where athletes are frequently fatigued. One element that might influence this aspect is carbohydrate, an important energy substrate for the muscles and the CNS. Our goal was to investigate the influence of fatigue over artistic gymnastics athlete's performance and the effects of a carbohydrate supplementation ...
Roessler Kirsten Kaya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is often associated with an increased waist circumference and with lower cardio-respiratory fitness as a consequence of obesity, which may be improved by physical activity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-intensity aerobic training combined with group counselling sessions on anthropometry and cardio-respiratory fitness in ...
Stasinopoulos Dimitrios - - 2013
To compare eccentric and static exercises as proposed by Stanish with eccentric exercises as proposed by Alfredson in the management of Achilles tendinopathy. Patients with midportion Achilles tendinopathy for at least 3 months were included in this trial. They were sequentially allocated to receive either Stanish's exercise programme or Alfredson's ...
Marioni Gino - - 2012
For the vestibular system, aging is associated with degenerated otoconia and loss of hair cells, vestibular afferents, and cells in the vestibular nuclei. Further neurodegenerative processes involve cortical, extrapyramidal motor, and cerebellar structures. Dizziness is quite common in the elderly, limiting their mobility and activities. The role of vestibular rehabilitation ...
Albrecht Tara A - - 2012
This article presents the experiences of 1 participant with advanced ovarian cancer enrolled in a proof of concept complementary therapy study evaluating the effects of a combined intervention of flaxseed oil, fasting, caffeine, and exercise. Improvements were observed in physical and psychological symptoms. The participant adopted positive lifestyle modifications.
Struyf Filip - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to examine whether Dutch-speaking physiotherapists in Belgium report using evidence-based practice methods for the treatment for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). An online questionnaire, consisting of open-ended and multiple choice questions, was sent to Dutch-speaking members of the representative Belgian physiotherapists society that ...
Prather Heidi - - 2012
There is a direct link between healthy mothers and healthy infants. Exercise and appropriate nutrition are important contributors to maternal physical and psychological health. The benefits and potential risks of exercise during pregnancy have gained even more attention, with a number of studies having been published after the 2002 American ...
Saxton J M - - 2012
Exercise is an effective intervention for improving function, mobility and health-related quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Questions remain however, regarding the effectiveness of pragmatic exercise interventions for evoking tangible and sustained increases in physical activity and long-term impact on important health outcomes in PwMS. Furthermore, dose-response ...
Nguyen Huong Q HQ University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2013
People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease experience dyspnea with activities despite optimal medical management. The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of two 12-month dyspnea self-management programs (DSMPs), Internet-based (eDSMP) and face-to-face (fDSMP), compared with a general health education (GHE) control on the primary outcome of dyspnea ...
Chen Che-Hsiu - - 2012
CONTEXT: Recent studies have shown that the static stretch (SS) may adversely affect leg muscle performance. OBJECTIVES: We examined the short-term effects of two stretching exercises on hamstring muscle before and after exercise. DESIGN: Crossover. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: healthy, physically active men. INTERVENTIONS: There were 3 protocols in a randomized ...
Moyano F Revelles - - 2012
Objective:To compare the effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation combined with exercise, classic stretching physiotherapy intervention, and educational intervention at improving patient function and pain in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome.Design:Randomized, controlled, blind trial over four months.Setting:Urban population, Spain.Participants:Patients undergoing primary care for retropatellar pain.Intervention:Subjects were allocated on three different treatment ...
Oliveira César - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes mellitus has emerged as a major non-communicable chronic diseases in many countries. The importance of exercise in the prevention and management of this disease is evident. This paper briefly reviews the effects of combining aerobic and resistance exercises on glycemic control, and details the training and characteristics ...
Tak Erwin Cpm - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major problem in older women. Management is usually restricted to dealing with the consequences instead of treating underlying causes such as bladder dysfunction or reduced mobility.The aim of this multicenter randomized controlled trial was to compare a group-based behavioral exercise program to prevent ...
Suni Jaana H - - 2012
Study Design. Controlled intervention with group randomization.Objective. To investigate the effectiveness of a 6-month neuromuscular exercise (NME) and counseling program for reducing the incidence of low back pain (LBP) and disability in young conscripts with a healthy back at the beginning of their compulsory military service.Summary of Background Data. Basic ...
Fukuda Thiago Yukio - - 2012
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:"; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. BACKGROUND: Recent ...
Osterås Berit - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate two different therapeutic exercise regimens in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). DESIGN: Multicentre, randomised controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Three primary healthcare physiotherapy clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two patients with PFPS were assigned at random to an experimental group or a control group. Forty participants completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Robson-Ansley Paula - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of self-reported upper respiratory tract (URT) symptoms in athletes has been traditionally associated with opportunistic infection during the temporal suppression of immune function after prolonged exercise. There is little evidence for this, and a competing noninfectious hypothesis has been proposed, whereby the exercise-induced immune system modulations favor ...
Price Mike James - - 2012
Abstract This study examined the effects of combined glucose and sodium bicarbonate ingestion prior to intermittent exercise. Ninemales (mean ± s age 25.4 ± 6.6 years, body mass 78.8 ± 12.0 kg, maximal oxygen uptake ([Vdot]O(2max)) 47.0 ± 7ml · kg · min(-1)) undertook 4 × 45 min intermittent cycling trials including 15 × 10 s sprints one hour after ingesting placebo (PLA), glucose (CHO), sodium bicarbonate ...
Luyt Charles-Edouard - - 2012
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND:No data on long-term outcomes of survivors of 2009 influenza A (H1N1) (2009-H1N1)-associated ARDS are available. To compare the 1-year outcomes of survivors of 2009-H1N1-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to extracorporeal lung assist (ECLA) use or not, using its need as an ARDS-severity surrogate. METHODS:ARDS survivors (12 ...
Stathokostas Liza - - 2012
Background. As indicated in a recent systematic review relating to Canada's Physical Activity Guidelines for Older Adults, exercise interventions in older adults can maintain or improve functional abilities. Less is known about the role of flexibility in the maintenance or improvement of functional abilities, and there currently does not exist ...
Saithna Adnan - - 2012
The 2007 review by Visnes and Bahr concluded that athletes with patella tendinopathy should be withdrawn from sport whilst engaging in eccentric exercise (EE) rehabilitation programs. However, deprivation of sport is associated with a number of negative psychological and physiological effects. Withdrawal from sport is therefore a decision that warrants ...
Nouchi Rui - - 2012
Results of previous studies have shown that exercise training can improve cognitive functions in healthy older people. Some studies have demonstrated that long-term combination exercise training can facilitate memory function improvement better than either aerobic or strength exercise training alone. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether short-term combination exercise training can ...
Rådestad Monica - - 2012
Disaster medicine is a fairly young scientific discipline and there is a need for the development of new methods for evaluation and research. This includes full-scale disaster exercisers. A standardized concept on how to evaluate these exercises, could lead to easier identification of pitfalls caused by system-errors in the organization. ...
Porciuncula Franchino - - 2012
Adults with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) experience significant disability. A systematic review assessed evidence for vestibular rehabilitation (VR). NUMBER OF STUDIES: 14 studies. Search identification of studies based on inclusion criteria: (a) population: adults with BVH of peripheral origin; (b) interventions: vestibular exercises, balance training, education, or sensory prosthetics; (c) ...
Roessler Kirsten K KK University of Southern Denmark - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to examine the psychological impact of a group-oriented approach to disease management and health behaviour in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Seventeen overweight PCOS women were randomised in a crossover design of eight weeks high-intensity aerobic exercise followed by eight weeks of ...
Weinstock Jeremiah J Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri 63103-2010, USA. - - 2012
Opiate dependence is a significant public health concern linked to poor quality of life, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and high costs to society. Current opiate agonist treatments are an effective but limited intervention. Adjunctive interventions could improve and augment opiate agonist treatment outcomes, including drug abstinence, quality of life, and physical ...
Nakamura Yuki - - 2011
: To investigate the effect of menstrual cycle states on ovarian and anabolic hormonal responses to acute resistance exercise in young women. : Eight healthy women (eumenorrhea; EM) and eight women with menstrual disorders including oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea (OAM) participated in this study. The EM group performed acute resistance exercises ...
Fowler Robin M - - 2011
To characterize the hemodynamic and ventilatory responses to exercise in a group of patients with unexplained dyspnea, increased risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and an elevated mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP; >30 mm Hg) on exercise. A total of 37 symptomatic patients at risk of PAH and 20 healthy ...
Casey Darren P - - 2011
We tested the hypothesis that 1) prostaglandins (PGs) contribute to compensatory vasodilation in contracting human forearm subjected to acute hypoperfusion, and 2) the combined inhibition of PGs and nitric oxide would attenuate the compensatory vasodilation more than PG inhibition alone. In separate protocols, subjects performed forearm exercise (20% of maximum) ...
Figueroa Arturo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Menopause is associated with increased arterial stiffness and reduced muscle strength. Combined resistance (RE) and endurance (EE) exercise training can decrease brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), an index of arterial stiffness, in young men. We tested the hypothesis that combined circuit RE and EE training would improve baPWV, blood ...
Thijssen Dick H J - - 2011
Episodic increases in shear stress have been proposed as a mechanism which induces training-induced adaptation in arterial wall remodeling in humans. To address this hypothesis in humans, we examined bilateral brachial artery wall thickness using high-resolution ultrasound in healthy men across an 8-week period of bilateral handgrip training. Unilaterally, shear ...
Fowler Robin M - - 2011
Background: Exercise-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (EIPAH) is associated with reduced peak exercise cardiac output (CO) and aerobic capacity (peak O(2) ). We investigated the validity of the encouraged six-minute walk test (6MWT) to identify exercise limitation and estimate aerobic capacity in subjects with EIPAH. Methods: Seventeen subjects with EIPAH (56 ...
Toyama Kensuke - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Coenzyme Q10 levels are low in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and increasing or preserving coenzyme Q10 could be a beneficial strategy. Exercise and statins improve high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. However, statins inhibit coenzyme Q10 biosynthesis, and the combination of statins with coenzyme Q10 supplementation increases HDL-C ...
Fahs Christopher A - - 2011
Low-intensity blood flow restricted (LI-BFR) resistance training has been shown to produce comparable increases in muscle hypertrophy to traditional high-intensity (HI) resistance training. However, a comparison of the acute vascular responses between the two types of exercise has not been made. The purpose of this study is to compare the ...
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