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Loehr Valerie G - - 2013
Little is known about how outcome expectations change after physical activity initiation and whether changes are associated with physical activity experiences. In a diary study, physically inactive adults (N = 102) initiated an exercise regimen and reported their experiences daily (e.g. progress toward goals) and corresponding outcome expectations weekly (e.g. ...
Perez Jessica N JN Department of Physiology, Sarver Molecular Cardiovascular Research Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, - - 2013
The role of exercise in decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women has not been studied sufficiently. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of voluntary wheel-running and forced treadmill exercise on cardiac adaptation in mice treated with 4-vinylcyclohexine diepoxide (VCD), which selectively accelerates the loss of primary and primordial ...
Glynn Liam G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sedentary lifestyles are now becoming a major concern for governments of developed and developing countries with physical inactivity related to increased all-cause mortality, lower quality of life, and increased risk of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and many other chronic diseases. The powerful onboard computing capacity of smartphones, along with the ...
Sprung Victoria S - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an adverse cardiovascular (CVD) profile. A surrogate marker for CVD risk is endothelial dysfunction. Limited studies exist examining the cardiovascular and metabolic effects of exercise in PCOS, and specifically its impact on endothelial function. Therefore the aim of the current study was ...
Gruber Allison H - - 2013
It continues to be argued that a forefoot (FF) strike pattern during running is more economical than a rearfoot (RF) pattern; however, previous studies using one habitual footstrike group have found no difference in running economy between footstrike patterns. We aimed to conduct a more extensive study by including both ...
Biernat Ryszard - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of rehabilitation protocol applied during competitive period for the treatment of patellar tendinopathy. A total of sixteen male volleyball players were divided into 2 groups. Fifteen from experimental group (E) and 13 from control group (C) fulfilled the same tests ...
Galea M N - - 2013
This systematic narrative review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) identifies and evaluates the efficacy of behaviour-change techniques explicitly aimed at walking in individuals with intermittent claudication. An electronic database search was conducted up to December 2012. RCTs were included comparing interventions incorporating behaviour-change techniques with usual care, walking advice or ...
Clancy Sean P - - 2013
This article summarizes select multinational early motion protocols. Included are flexor and extensor protocols for digital tendon repair in many forms. Custom orthosis design, exercise regimens, and advanced techniques are examples of what to expect. The goal of the article is to expose the reader to new ideas, educate regarding ...
Issurin Vladimir B - - 2013
Training transfer as an enduring, multilateral, and practically important problem encompasses a large body of research findings and experience, which characterize the process by which improving performance in certain exercises/tasks can affect the performance in alternative exercises or motor tasks. This problem is of paramount importance for the theory of ...
Kromer Thilo O - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the effect of individualized manual physiotherapy and exercises compared with individualized exercises alone in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Subjects: Patients with shoulder impingement of more than 4 weeks' duration. Methods: Patients in the intervention group were treated with individually adapted exercises and ...
Ang Dennis C DC Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. - - 2013
Regular exercise is associated with important benefits in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Unfortunately, long-term maintenance of exercise after a structured program is rare. The present study tested the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to promote exercise and improve symptoms in patients with FM. A total of 216 patients with FM ...
Tarakci Ela - - 2013
Objective:To determine the effectiveness of group exercise training on balance, functional status, spasticity, fatigue and quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis.Design:A randomized single-blind controlled study.Setting:University hospital, outpatient physical therapy department.Subjects:Ambulatory patients with multiple sclerosis.Interventions:Exercise group completed a 12-week group exercise programme under the physical therapists' supervision. Control group ...
Askling Carl M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injury is the single most common injury in European professional football and, therefore, time to return and secondary prevention are of particular concern. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two rehabilitation protocols after acute hamstring injury in Swedish elite football players by evaluating time needed to return to ...
Gruenfeld Elizabeth A - - 2013
While the components of effective pediatric exercise interventions have been identified in structured research settings, recent reviews have highlighted the need for translating these interventions into accessible programs. In this paper we evaluate a behavioral intervention-based exercise program designed to serve community children and teens at risk for adult obesity. ...
Levine Michael - - 2013
Rehabilitation following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a costly, cumbersome, and often painful process. Physical therapy contributes to the successful outcome of TKA but can be expensive. Alternative methods of obtaining good functional results that help minimize costs are desirable. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a potential option. Neuromuscular electrical ...
Geigle Paula R PR Kernan Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2013
A 41-year-old man with a history of C6 American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS) C spinal cord injury (SCI), enrolled in an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved, robotic-assisted body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT), and aquatic exercise research protocol developed asymptomatic autonomic dysreflexia (AD) during training. Little information is available ...
Mørkved Siv - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition in women causing reduced quality of life and withdrawal from fitness and exercise activities. Pregnancy and childbirth are established risk factors. Current guidelines for exercise during pregnancy have no or limited focus on the evidence for the effect of pelvic floor muscle ...
Brichetto Giampaolo - - 2013
Improvement of sensory strategies is a relevant part of balance rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aimed to Assess the effectiveness of visual-feedback exercises in improving balance in MS. We divided 36 patients into Wii and control-treated groups that underwent balance rehabilitation. Outcomes were obtained for Berg Balance Scale ...
Sprung V S VS H. Jones: Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Tom Reilly Building, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street Campus, Liverpool L3 3AF, - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with cardiovascular disease. The contribution of the nitric oxide (NO) dilator system to cutaneous endothelial dysfunction is currently unknown in PCOS. Our aim was to examine whether women with PCOS demonstrate impaired cutaneous microvascular NO function and whether exercise training can ameliorate any impairment. ...
Toma Renata Luri - - 2013
Aging process involves several structural changes in muscle tissue which lead to decrease in musculoskeletal function. One of the most common physiological modifications is the increase in fatigability in elderly people, which leads to inability to maintain strength and motor control. In this context, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has demonstrated ...
Lemanu Daniel P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to investigate the extent to which preoperative conditioning (PREHAB) improves physiologic function and whether it correlates with improved recovery after major surgery. METHODS: An electronic database search identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the safety and efficacy of PREHAB. The outcomes studied were changes in ...
Salimi Fereshteh - - 2013
Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effects of hand exercise using a tourniquet on arteriovenous fistula (AVF) maturity in patients with end stage renal disease.‚Ä©Methods: Fifty patients were randomly allocated to 2 groups with 25 patients. After creating an AVF, in the control group, patients were asked to ...
Keser Ilke - - 2013
This study compared trunk exercises based on the Bobath concept with routine neurorehabilitation approaches in multiple sclerosis (MS). Bobath and routine neurorehabilitation exercises groups were evaluated. MS cases were divided into two groups. Both groups joined a 3 d/wk rehabilitation program for 8 wk. The experimental group performed trunk exercises ...
Crognale Domenico - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Crognale, D, De Vito, G, Grosset, J-F, Crowe, L, Minogue, C, and Caulfield, B. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation can elicit aerobic exercise response without undue discomfort in healthy physically active adults. J Strength Cond Res 27(1): 208-215, 2013-Recent studies have suggested that subtetanic neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) protocols applied to ...
Linder Susan M - - 2013
Because many individuals poststroke lack access to the quality and intensity of rehabilitation to improve upper extremity motor function, a home-based robotic-assisted upper extremity rehabilitation device is being paired with an individualized home exercise program. The primary aim of this project is to determine the effectiveness of robotic-assisted home therapy ...
Borel Benoit - - 2013
Exercise intolerance is a key element in the pathophysiology and course of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). As such, evaluating exercise tolerance has become an important part of the management of COPD. A wide variety of exercise-testing protocols is currently available, each protocol having its own strengths and weaknesses relative ...
Benrick Anna - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and metabolic disorder associated with obesity and insulin resistance that often precedes the development of type-2 diabetes. Rats continuously exposed to dihydrotestosterone from prepuberty display typical reproductive and metabolic PCOS characteristics including anovulation, polycystic ovaries, insulin resistance, and obesity. Our aim was to ...
Hofmann Jana - - 2013
In Germany, a multidisciplinary rehabilitation named "behavioural medical rehabilitation" (BMR) is available for treatment of chronic low back pain (clbp). A central component of BMR is standard exercise therapy (SET), which is directed mainly to improve physical fitness. There is a need to address psychosocial factors within SET and therefore ...
Ketola S - - 2013
To report the five-year results of a randomised controlled trial examining the effectiveness of arthroscopic acromioplasty in the treatment of stage II shoulder impingement syndrome. A total of 140 patients were randomly divided into two groups: 1) supervised exercise programme (n = 70, exercise group); and 2) arthroscopic acromioplasty followed ...
McPherson Nicole O - - 2013
Paternal obesity is now clearly associated with or causal of impaired embryo and fetal development and reduced pregnancy rates in humans and rodents. This appears to be a result of reduced blastocyst potential. Whether these adverse embryo and fetal outcomes can be ameliorated by interventions to reduce paternal obesity has ...
Battaglia Claudia - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine which kind of physical activity could be useful to inmate populations to improve their health status and fitness levels. A repeated measure design was used to evaluate the effects of two different training protocols on subjects in a state of detention, tested ...
King L A LA Department of Neurology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239-3098, USA ; Parkinson Center of Oregon, OP32, 3181 S.W. Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239-3098, - - 2013
Background. It is widely believed that exercise improves mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, it is difficult to determine whether a specific type of exercise is the most effective. The purpose of this study was to determine which outcome measures were sensitive to exercise intervention and to explore ...
Roessler Kirsten Kaya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is often associated with an increased waist circumference and with lower cardio-respiratory fitness as a consequence of obesity, which may be improved by physical activity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-intensity aerobic training combined with group counselling sessions on anthropometry and cardio-respiratory fitness in ...
Stasinopoulos Dimitrios - - 2013
To compare eccentric and static exercises as proposed by Stanish with eccentric exercises as proposed by Alfredson in the management of Achilles tendinopathy. Patients with midportion Achilles tendinopathy for at least 3 months were included in this trial. They were sequentially allocated to receive either Stanish's exercise programme or Alfredson's ...
Marioni Gino - - 2012
For the vestibular system, aging is associated with degenerated otoconia and loss of hair cells, vestibular afferents, and cells in the vestibular nuclei. Further neurodegenerative processes involve cortical, extrapyramidal motor, and cerebellar structures. Dizziness is quite common in the elderly, limiting their mobility and activities. The role of vestibular rehabilitation ...
Albrecht Tara A - - 2012
This article presents the experiences of 1 participant with advanced ovarian cancer enrolled in a proof of concept complementary therapy study evaluating the effects of a combined intervention of flaxseed oil, fasting, caffeine, and exercise. Improvements were observed in physical and psychological symptoms. The participant adopted positive lifestyle modifications.
Struyf Filip - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to examine whether Dutch-speaking physiotherapists in Belgium report using evidence-based practice methods for the treatment for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). An online questionnaire, consisting of open-ended and multiple choice questions, was sent to Dutch-speaking members of the representative Belgian physiotherapists society that ...
Prather Heidi - - 2012
There is a direct link between healthy mothers and healthy infants. Exercise and appropriate nutrition are important contributors to maternal physical and psychological health. The benefits and potential risks of exercise during pregnancy have gained even more attention, with a number of studies having been published after the 2002 American ...
Saxton J M - - 2012
Exercise is an effective intervention for improving function, mobility and health-related quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Questions remain however, regarding the effectiveness of pragmatic exercise interventions for evoking tangible and sustained increases in physical activity and long-term impact on important health outcomes in PwMS. Furthermore, dose-response ...
Nguyen Huong Q - - 2012
CONTEXT: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease experience dyspnea with activities despite optimal medical management. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of two 12-month dyspnea self-management programs (DSMPs), Internet-based (eDSMP) and face-to-face (fDSMP), compared with a general health education (GHE) control on the primary outcome ...
Chen Che-Hsiu - - 2012
CONTEXT: Recent studies have shown that the static stretch (SS) may adversely affect leg muscle performance. OBJECTIVES: We examined the short-term effects of two stretching exercises on hamstring muscle before and after exercise. DESIGN: Crossover. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: healthy, physically active men. INTERVENTIONS: There were 3 protocols in a randomized ...
Moyano F Revelles - - 2012
Objective:To compare the effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation combined with exercise, classic stretching physiotherapy intervention, and educational intervention at improving patient function and pain in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome.Design:Randomized, controlled, blind trial over four months.Setting:Urban population, Spain.Participants:Patients undergoing primary care for retropatellar pain.Intervention:Subjects were allocated on three different treatment ...
Weinstock Jeremiah - - 2012
ABSTRACT Opiate dependence is a significant public health concern linked to poor quality of life, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and high costs to society. Current opiate agonist treatments are an effective but limited intervention. Adjunctive interventions could improve and augment opiate agonist treatment outcomes, including drug abstinence, quality of life, and ...
Oliveira César - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes mellitus has emerged as a major non-communicable chronic diseases in many countries. The importance of exercise in the prevention and management of this disease is evident. This paper briefly reviews the effects of combining aerobic and resistance exercises on glycemic control, and details the training and characteristics ...
Tak Erwin Cpm - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major problem in older women. Management is usually restricted to dealing with the consequences instead of treating underlying causes such as bladder dysfunction or reduced mobility.The aim of this multicenter randomized controlled trial was to compare a group-based behavioral exercise program to prevent ...
Suni Jaana H - - 2012
Study Design. Controlled intervention with group randomization.Objective. To investigate the effectiveness of a 6-month neuromuscular exercise (NME) and counseling program for reducing the incidence of low back pain (LBP) and disability in young conscripts with a healthy back at the beginning of their compulsory military service.Summary of Background Data. Basic ...
Fukuda Thiago Yukio - - 2012
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:"; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. BACKGROUND: Recent ...
Osterås Berit - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate two different therapeutic exercise regimens in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). DESIGN: Multicentre, randomised controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Three primary healthcare physiotherapy clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two patients with PFPS were assigned at random to an experimental group or a control group. Forty participants completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Robson-Ansley Paula - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of self-reported upper respiratory tract (URT) symptoms in athletes has been traditionally associated with opportunistic infection during the temporal suppression of immune function after prolonged exercise. There is little evidence for this, and a competing noninfectious hypothesis has been proposed, whereby the exercise-induced immune system modulations favor ...
Price Mike James - - 2012
Abstract This study examined the effects of combined glucose and sodium bicarbonate ingestion prior to intermittent exercise. Ninemales (mean ± s age 25.4 ± 6.6 years, body mass 78.8 ± 12.0 kg, maximal oxygen uptake ([Vdot]O(2max)) 47.0 ± 7ml · kg · min(-1)) undertook 4 × 45 min intermittent cycling trials including 15 × 10 s sprints one hour after ingesting placebo (PLA), glucose (CHO), sodium bicarbonate ...
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