Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1108
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Karlsson Linn - - 2014
Different types of exercises can help manage chronic neck pain. Supervised exercise interventions are widely used, but these protocols require substantial resources. The aim of this trial, which focused on adherence, was to evaluate two home exercise interventions. This parallel group randomized controlled trial included 57 women randomly allocated into ...
Warby Sarah A SA Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The most commonly recommended treatment for multidirectional instability (MDI) of the glenohumeral joint is exercise-based management. The primary objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise-based management in patients with MDI. The secondary aim was to observe the types of exercise protocols and outcomes used, as well ...
Riley Mary Alyce - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the important elements of biofeedback-assisted pelvic floor muscle exercises to treat urge incontinence. Urge suppression and pelvic floor muscle exercises were most beneficial. Responders can be identified early in treatment, allowing for fewer sessions.
Roddy Edward E Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Research Institute for Primary Care and Health Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK. - - 2014
Subacromial impingement syndrome is the most frequent cause of shoulder problems which themselves affect 1 in 3 adults. Management commonly includes exercise and corticosteroid injection. However, the few existing trials of exercise or corticosteroid injection for subacromial impingement syndrome are mostly small, of poor quality, and focus only on short-term ...
Deardorff Adam S AS Academic Affairs, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH, - - 2014
Previous studies on team-based learning (TBL) in medical education demonstrated improved learner engagement, learner satisfaction, and academic performance; however, a paucity of information exists on modifications of the incentive structure of "traditional" TBL practices. The current study investigates the impact of modification to conventional Group Application exercises by examining student ...
Elshafey Mohamed Ali MA Department of Physical Therapy for Growth and Developmental Disorder in Children and Its Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, - - 2014
Objective. Studying the effect of the functional stretching exercise in diplegic children. Design. Children were randomly assigned into two matched groups. Setting. Outpatient Clinic of the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University. Participants. Thirty ambulant spastic diplegic children, ranging in age from five to eight years, participated in this study. ...
Chen Hao H Department of Physiology, University of - - 2014
The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) increases in post-menopausal women, yet, the role of exercise, as a preventative measure for CVD risk in post-menopausal women has not been adequately studied. Accordingly, we investigated the impact of voluntary cage-wheel exercise and forced treadmill exercise on cardiac adaptation in menopausal mice. The ...
Haas Marilyn C MC a Division of Gerontology, Geriatrics, and Palliative Care , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , - - 2014
We conducted a study designed to evaluate whether the benefits of intentional weight loss exceed the potential risks in a group of community-dwelling obese older adults who were at increased risk for cardiometabolic disease. The CROSSROADS trial used a prospective randomized controlled design to compare the effects of changes in ...
Pooranfar S S Physical Education Department, Shiraz University, Shiraz - - 2014
Patients undergoing renal transplantation consume immunosuppressive drugs to prevent graft rejection. Cardiovascular complications and reduced quality of sleep are among the side effects of these drugs. Studies have indicated that the use of non-therapeutic methods such as exercise is important to reduce these complications. To evaluate the effect of a ...
Li Fuzhong F Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon, - - 2013
A previous randomized, controlled trial of tai chi showed improvements in objectively measured balance and other motor-related outcomes in patients with Parkinson's disease. This study evaluated whether patient-reported outcomes could be improved through exercise interventions and whether improvements were associated with clinical outcomes and exercise adherence. In a secondary analysis ...
Busch Angela J AJ School of Physical Therapy, University of Saskatchewan, 1121 College Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N - - 2013
Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic widespread pain that leads to reduced physical function. Exercise training is commonly recommended as a treatment for management of symptoms. We examined the literature on resistance training for individuals with fibromyalgia. Resistance training is exercise performed against a progressive resistance with the intention of improving ...
Zheng Guohua - - 2013
The physical and mental health of college students tends to continuously decline around the world. Since they are in a significant transition period which presents opportunities and challenges in health promotion, it is important to improve their health in this period. As a traditional Chinese exercise form which combines movements ...
Shimodozono Megumi M Department of Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences , Kagoshima , Japan - - 2014
To investigate the effectiveness of repetitive facilitative exercise (RFE) under surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. This randomized, controlled, observer-blinded, pilot trial randomized 27 adults with severe arm impairment [Fugl-Meyer Arm scale (FMA) ≤ 20] due to stroke of 3-13 weeks duration into three groups and provided treatment ...
Wright Heather E - - 2013
Older experienced firefighters may show signs of heat adaptation, and thus reduced physiological strain, due to repeated occupational heat stress exposure. The aim was to examine physiological and perceptual strain, and hydration, responses to intermittent exercise in the heat in 12 older Non-Firefighter (Non-FF) and experienced Firefighter (FF) males, pair ...
Busse Monica - - 2013
The beneficial role of exercise as a treatment approach in Huntington's disease (HD) has support from both preclinical work and small-scale studies; however, there have been no controlled studies of gym-based exercise in people with HD. This phase 2 randomized trial (ISRCTN 59910670) assessed feasibility, safety, acceptability, and benefit of ...
Sprung Victoria S - - 2013
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) profile. A surrogate marker for CVD risk is endothelial dysfunction. Limited studies exist examining the cardiovascular and metabolic effects of exercise in PCOS and specifically its impact on endothelial function. Therefore, the aim of the current study was ...
Hanney William J WJ University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, - - 2013
Neck pain is a significant problem and many treatment options exist. While some studies suggest exercise is beneficial for individuals with non-specific neck pain clinicians have few tools to assist in the decision making process. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to derive a preliminary clinical prediction rule (CPR) ...
Kelaiditi Eirini - - 2013
The scope of the current study is to provide an updated, comprehensive review of the recent literature (past 12 months), examining the role of nutrition and exercise on frailty. Over the past 12 months, seven studies with different designs explored the relationship between nutrition and frailty, four examined the role ...
Newnam Sharon - - 2013
The goal of this study was to utilise an objective measurement tool, via an on-board Diagnostic tool (OBDII), to explore the effectiveness of a behaviour modification intervention designed to reduce over-speed violations in a group of work-related drivers. It was predicted that over-speed violations would be decreased following participation in ...
Menz Hylton B - - 2013
Background: Falls are common in older people and are associated with substantial health-care costs. A recent randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted podiatric medical intervention demonstrated a 36% reduction in the fall rate over 12 months. We evaluated the acceptability of and levels of satisfaction with this intervention in the ...
Gobbo Stefano - - 2013
The interest in research on exercise and physical activity effects on dual-task performance has grown rapidly in the last decade due to the aging global population. Most of the available literature is focused on exercise benefits for the risk of falls, attention, and gait-speed; however, there is a lack of ...
Benjamin D R - - 2013
Diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscle (DRAM) is common during and after pregnancy, and has been related to lumbopelvic instability and pelvic floor weakness. Women with DRAM are commonly referred to physiotherapists for conservative management, but little is known about the effectiveness of such strategies. To determine if non-surgical interventions ...
Fleig Lena - - 2013
Objective: Follow-up intervention boosters are supposed to promote exercise maintenance beyond initial treatment. The current quasi-experimental study investigated the benefits of adding telephone-delivered intervention boosters to a self-management exercise intervention for rehabilitants. Psycho-social mechanisms by which the intervention boosters promote exercise maintenance were examined. Research Design: Between 2009 and 2011, ...
Hebert Jeffrey J - - 2013
The optimal components of postoperative exercise programmes following single-level lumbar discectomy have not been identified. Facilitating lumbar multifidus (LM) function after discectomy may improve postoperative recovery. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and muscle function outcomes of patients randomised to receive early multimodal rehabilitation following lumbar ...
Galea Mary P - - 2013
Rehabilitation after spinal cord injury (SCI) has traditionally involved teaching compensatory strategies for identified impairments and deficits in order to improve functional independence. There is some evidence that regular and intensive activity-based therapies, directed at activation of the paralyzed extremities, promotes neurological improvement. The aim of this study is to ...
Koh Hyung-Woo HW Department of Physical Therapy, Daegu University Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Daegu - - 2013
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of vibratory stimulation on maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) from delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). [Subjects] Sixty healthy adults participated in this study. The exclusion criteria were orthopedic or neurologic disease. [Methods] The researchers induced DOMS in the musculus ...
Baillie Lauren E - - 2013
Behavioral approaches have been found to be effective in managing chronic headache. Recently, attention has been given to the role of exercise in chronic headache management, although much of the literature addresses it as a monotherapy. The current review assesses the effectiveness of exercise as an adjunct to other behavioral ...
White Erin - - 2013
Background: Approximately 10% of women engage in resistance training during pregnancy; however there is limited research on this activity. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between resistance training and adverse outcomes. Methods: Women completed an online survey and recalled their exercise habits during each trimester of their ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong - - 2013
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of an exercise program using aero-step exercise equipment on the balance ability of normal adults. [Subjects] Twenty-one normal adults were randomized into a flat floor exercise program group (FEG, n = 7), an aero-step exercise program group (AEG, n = 7), ...
Macedo Luciana Gazzi LG L.G. Macedo, PT, PhD, Department of Physical Therapy, University of - - 2013
Physical therapy is commonly prescribed for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS); however, little is known about its effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials, and cohort studies evaluating the effectiveness of physical therapy for LSS. Studies were searched on electronic ...
Cullinane Frances L - - 2013
Objective:To establish the effectiveness of eccentric exercise as a treatment intervention for lateral epicondylitis.Data sources:ProQuest, Medline via EBSCO, AMED, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL.Review methods:A systematic review was undertaken to identify randomized and controlled clinical trials incorporating eccentric exercise as a treatment for patients diagnosed with lateral epicondylitis. Studies were ...
Treacy Daniel - - 2013
Impaired balance and mobility are common among rehabilitation inpatients. Poor balance and mobility lead to an increased risk of falling. Specific balance exercise has been shown to improve balance and reduce falls within the community setting. However few studies have measured the effects of balance exercises on balance within the ...
Nybacka Åsa Å Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2013
To investigate whether randomized diet and/or physical exercise influence serum levels of antimüllerian hormone (AMH) in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Randomized, 4-month trial with three interventions. Women's health clinical research unit at a university hospital. Fifty-seven overweight/obese women with PCOS. Diet, physical exercise, or both, using programs ...
Froehlich-Grobe Katherine - - 2013
To compare the effectiveness of two home-based behavioral interventions to promote wheelchair users exercise adoption and maintenance over 12 months. Randomized controlled trial, with participants stratified into groups based on disability type (stable, episodic, progressive) and support partner availability. Exercise occurred in participant preferred locations (e.g., home, recreation center), with ...
Vanheest Jaci L - - 2013
Competitive female athletes restrict energy intake and increase exercise energy expenditure frequently resulting in ovarian suppression. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of ovarian suppression and energy deficit on swimming performance (400m swim velocity). Menstrual status was determined by circulating estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) in ...
Li Chunxiao - - 2013
This study systematically reviewed the impact of physical exercise interventions on physical fitness for individuals with Down syndrome. Articles published in English were searched from five major electronic databases, namely, CINAHL, Medline, PsychINFO, SPORTDiscus, and PEDro from inception until April 2013. These studies were screened through predefined inclusion and exclusion ...
Driessens Susan S Logan Hospital, Queensland Health, Logan City, Queensland, Australia. - - 2013
Distal radius fractures stabilized by open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) have become increasingly common. There is currently no consensus on the optimal time to commence range of motion (ROM) exercises post-ORIF. A retrospective cohort review was conducted over a five-year period to compare wrist and forearm range of motion outcomes ...
Wang Tze-Hsuan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: . Neurologic music therapy has demonstrated improved walking performance in persons with neurologic disease; however, little evidence supports the use of music with functional resistance exercise to improve motor capacity and daily functions for children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: . To investigate the effect of additional patterned sensory enhancement ...
Loehr Valerie G - - 2013
Little is known about how outcome expectations change after physical activity initiation and whether changes are associated with physical activity experiences. In a diary study, physically inactive adults (N = 102) initiated an exercise regimen and reported their experiences daily (e.g. progress toward goals) and corresponding outcome expectations weekly (e.g. ...
Perez Jessica N JN Department of Physiology, Sarver Molecular Cardiovascular Research Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, - - 2013
The role of exercise in decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women has not been studied sufficiently. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of voluntary wheel-running and forced treadmill exercise on cardiac adaptation in mice treated with 4-vinylcyclohexine diepoxide (VCD), which selectively accelerates the loss of primary and primordial ...
Glynn Liam G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sedentary lifestyles are now becoming a major concern for governments of developed and developing countries with physical inactivity related to increased all-cause mortality, lower quality of life, and increased risk of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and many other chronic diseases. The powerful onboard computing capacity of smartphones, along with the ...
Sprung Victoria S - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an adverse cardiovascular (CVD) profile. A surrogate marker for CVD risk is endothelial dysfunction. Limited studies exist examining the cardiovascular and metabolic effects of exercise in PCOS, and specifically its impact on endothelial function. Therefore the aim of the current study was ...
Gruber Allison H - - 2013
It continues to be argued that a forefoot (FF) strike pattern during running is more economical than a rearfoot (RF) pattern; however, previous studies using one habitual footstrike group have found no difference in running economy between footstrike patterns. We aimed to conduct a more extensive study by including both ...
Biernat Ryszard - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of rehabilitation protocol applied during competitive period for the treatment of patellar tendinopathy. A total of sixteen male volleyball players were divided into 2 groups. Fifteen from experimental group (E) and 13 from control group (C) fulfilled the same tests ...
Galea M N MN Division of Health and Social Care Research, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2013
This systematic narrative review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) identifies and evaluates the efficacy of behaviour-change techniques explicitly aimed at walking in individuals with intermittent claudication. An electronic database search was conducted up to December 2012. RCTs were included comparing interventions incorporating behaviour-change techniques with usual care, walking advice or ...
Clancy Sean P - - 2013
This article summarizes select multinational early motion protocols. Included are flexor and extensor protocols for digital tendon repair in many forms. Custom orthosis design, exercise regimens, and advanced techniques are examples of what to expect. The goal of the article is to expose the reader to new ideas, educate regarding ...
Kromer Thilo O TO School of Therapeutic Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy, SRH University Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2013
To investigate the effect of individualized manual physiotherapy and exercises compared with individualized exercises alone in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. Randomized controlled trial. Patients with shoulder impingement of more than 4 weeks' duration. Patients in the intervention group were treated with individually adapted exercises and examination-based physiotherapy. Controls were ...
Issurin Vladimir B - - 2013
Training transfer as an enduring, multilateral, and practically important problem encompasses a large body of research findings and experience, which characterize the process by which improving performance in certain exercises/tasks can affect the performance in alternative exercises or motor tasks. This problem is of paramount importance for the theory of ...
Ang Dennis C DC Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. - - 2013
Regular exercise is associated with important benefits in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Unfortunately, long-term maintenance of exercise after a structured program is rare. The present study tested the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to promote exercise and improve symptoms in patients with FM. A total of 216 patients with FM ...
Tarakci Ela E Division of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2013
To determine the effectiveness of group exercise training on balance, functional status, spasticity, fatigue and quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis. A randomized single-blind controlled study. University hospital, outpatient physical therapy department. Ambulatory patients with multiple sclerosis. Exercise group completed a 12-week group exercise programme under the physical ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >