Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1089
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Weltman A - - 2001
In summary, available literature indicates that GH secretion is blunted profoundly in individuals with relative or absolute obesity. Accumulation of AVF particularly represses GH release. Administration of GH to obese adults decreases total body fat and especially AVF. Furthermore, GH supplementation combined with dietary restriction and/or exercise appears to enhance ...
Sánchez-Campos S - - 2001
We have previously reported that melatonin modifies carbohydrate and lipid utilization in exercised rats, maintaining glycemia and reducing plasma and liver lactate and plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate. This study was undertaken to determine whether effects on fuel metabolism were related to changes in nitric oxide (NO) production or growth hormone (GH) secretion. ...
Nindl B C - - 2001
This study examined the hypothesis that exercise-induced changes in circulating testosterone would be centrally mediated via hypothalamic-pituitary release of luteinizing hormone (LH). We tested this hypothesis by examining overnight LH, total and free testosterone (TT and FT), and cortisol (C) concentrations in 10 young healthy men (21 +/- 1 yr) ...
Sartorio A - - 2001
Plasma and urinary GH responses following acute physical exercise were evaluated in 19 short-statured children (12 males, 7 females, median age: 11.4 yr, age range: 6.1-14.5 yr, Tanner stage I-III, height < or = 3rd centile for age; 7 with familial short stature, FSS; 8 with constitutional growth delay, CGD; ...
Meeusen R - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) on exercise performance during a 90 min time trial. Eight well trained male cyclists (VO2max 68.1 +/- 9.5 ml/kg/min) performed three 90 min time trials at 65% Wattmax. Blood samples were ...
Hennessey J V - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Reduced muscle mass and strength are characteristic findings of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and aging. We evaluated measures of muscle strength, muscle fiber type, and cross sectional area in response to treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) with or without a structured resistance exercise program in frail older ...
Sonksen P H - - 2001
This review examines some interesting 'new' histories of insulin and reviews our current understanding of its physiological actions and synergy with GH in the regulation of metabolism and body composition. It reviews the history of GH abuse that antedates by many years the awareness of endocrinologists to its potent anabolic ...
Nindl B C - - 2001
This investigation examined the hypothesis that acute heavy resistance exercise (AHRE) would increase overnight concentrations of circulating human growth hormone (hGH). Ten men (22 +/- 1 yr, 177 +/- 2 cm, 79 +/- 3 kg, 11 +/- 1% body fat) underwent two overnight blood draws sampled every 10 min from ...
Jenkins P J - - 2001
This review summarizes the interactions between growth hormone (GH) and exercise. Exercise has profound effects upon the GH-insulin-like growth factor I axis per se. In addition, there is increasing evidence that such physiological perturbations might be influential in the performance responses to repeated training. However, the ergogenic effects of systemic ...
Kanaley J A - - 2001
Exercise of appropriate intensity is a potent stimulus for GH and cortisol secretion. Circadian and diurnal rhythms may modulate the GH and cortisol responses to exercise, but nutrition, sleep, prior exercise patterns, and body composition are potentially confounding factors. To determine the influence of the time of day on the ...
Williams N I - - 2001
Cross-sectional studies of exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction have documented a high proportion of menstrual cycle disturbances in women involved in strenuous exercise training. However, longitudinal studies have been needed to examine individual susceptibility to exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction and to elucidate the progression of changes in reproductive function that occur with strenuous ...
Eliakim A - - 2001
We recently demonstrated that a brief endurance type training program led to increases in thigh muscle mass and peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)) in prepubertal girls. In this study, we examined the effect of training on the GH-->insulin-like growth factor I (GH-->IGF-I) axis, a system known to be involved both in ...
KochaƄska-Dziurowicz A - - 2001
In order to establish the influence of acute atypical exercise on prolactin and testosterone levels in young female athletes the authors selected a group of 13 short distance runners who were subjected to exercise on a cycle ergometer. Hormone levels were measured before the test, just after the end of ...
Duclos M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Muscular exercise induces hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation and when regularly repeated, as in endurance training, leads to HPA axis adaptation. To assess whether non-professional endurance-trained (ET) men with a substantial training load and no clinical or biological features of HPA axis overactivity can present subtle alterations of HPA axis ...
Ronsen O - - 2001
This study was designed to compare a first bout of high-intensity endurance exercise with a second bout of similar exercise on the same day, and thereby test the hypothesis that the endocrine response elicited by a second bout is more pronounced compared with a single bout of exercise. Nine male, ...
Nindl B C - - 2001
This study evaluated the individual components of the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) system [i.e., total and free IGF-I, insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-2 and -3, and the acid-labile subunit (ALS)] in 10 young, healthy men (age: 22 +/- 1 yr, height: 177 +/- 2 cm, weight: 79 +/- ...
Waters D L - - 2001
Amenorrheic athletes exhibit a spectrum of neuroendocrine disturbances, including alterations in the GH-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis. Whether these changes are due to exercise or amenorrhea is incompletely characterized. The present study investigates spontaneous (overnight) and exercise-stimulated GH secretion and associated IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in amenorrheic (AA; n = ...
Muñoz-Hoyos A - - 2001
The pineal gland in humans is under both alpha- and beta-adrenergic control, although it seems that beta1-adrenoceptors are mainly implicated in melatonin secretion. In the present study, we evaluated the role of beta-adrenergic innervation on melatonin production and its relation with the production of growth hormone (GH). Thirty-four children (15 ...
Trejo J L - - 2001
Although the physiological significance of continued formation of new neurons in the adult mammalian brain is still uncertain, therapeutic strategies aimed to potentiate this process show great promise. Several external factors, including physical exercise, increase the number of new neurons in the adult hippocampus, but underlying mechanisms are not yet ...
Sliwowski Z - - 2001
Leptin, an ob gene product of adipocytes, plays a key role in the control of food intake and energy expenditure but little is known about leptin response to strenuous exercise in fasted and fed subjects or before and after blood donation. This study was designed to determine the immediate effects ...
Eijnde B O - - 2001
In this study, the effect of short-term creatine supplementation on the growth hormone, testosterone, and cortisol response to heavy resistance training was investigated. According to a double-blind crossover study design, 11 healthy young male volunteers underwent a 1-h standardized heavy resistance training session (3 series of 10RM; 12 exercises), both ...
Dall R - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to examine the GH/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis, post exercise, with emphasis on IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-3 proteolysis. Sixteen elite rowers (8 female/8 male) performed a stepwise submaximal rowing test followed by a 6- to 7-min-long maximal test. Blood samples were drawn at baseline, ...
Di Luigi L - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to delineate the role of GH on serum IGF-I, IGFBP-2 and -3 responses to exercise. Hormones were evaluated in six trained male subjects before (-30, -15, 0), during (+15) and after (+30, +45, + 60, +90 min) a thirty-minutes treadmill exercise (60% VO2max), both ...
Cearlock D M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of sustained moderate exercise on cholesterol, cortisol, and growth hormone blood levels in women of three age groups. DESIGN: A four-week exercise program followed by one week of no exercise. The exercise program consisted of 20 minutes of moderate ...
Gürsel Y - - 2001
Twenty patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and 20 matched healthy controls were subjected to an exercise stress test above their anaerobic threshold. Serum samples for the measurement of growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), prolactin (PRL), adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol were taken prior to and after the test ...
Wallace J D - - 2001
Circulating GH consists of multiple molecular isoforms, all derived from the one gene in nonpregnant humans. To assess the effect of a potent stimulus to pituitary secretion on GH isoforms, we studied 17 aerobically trained males (age, 26.9 +/- 1.5 yr) in a randomized, repeat measures study of rest vs. ...
Ottenweller J E - - 2001
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disease characterized by severe, unexplained fatigue and postexertional exacerbation of symptoms. We examined basal endocrine function in a group of CFS patients and a carefully matched group of sedentary controls. The subjects then completed a graded, maximal exercise test on a treadmill, and ...
Jordan C L - - 2001
Previous work has shown that exposure to exogenous testosterone during synapse elimination permanently stabilizes synapses that would normally be lost in the androgen-sensitive levator ani (LA) muscle, indicating that testosterone is a potent stabilizing factor for developing LA synapses. Terminal Schwann cells (TSCs), which cap the neuromuscular junction, have also ...
De Palo E F - - 2001
Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) stimulate protein synthesis, and growth hormone (GH) is a mediator in this process. A pre-exercise BCAA ingestion increases muscle BCAA uptake and use. Therefore after one month of chronic BCAA treatment (0.2 gkg(-1) of body weight), the effects of a pre-exercise oral supplementation of BCAA ...
Gulmans V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the metabolic effects of exercise training in children with cystic fibrosis. The hypothesis for the current study was that in patients with declining clinical status, exercise increases circulating insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and improves protein kinetics. METHODS: This was a prospective intervention study in 10 ...
Dixson A - - 2001
The common marmoset is a small New World primate that lives in extended family groups. Female marmosets show rhythmic changes in proceptivity during their 28-Day ovarian cycle, but fluctuations in sexual receptivity are relatively subtle. Receptivity persists even after ovariectomy and adrenalectomy in the female marmoset. In the intact female, ...
Lemmey A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the altered insulin-like growth factor (IGF) status in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is due to inflammation, altered body composition, or lack of exercise. METHODS: Subjects included 73 patients with RA, 54 patients with other rheumatic diseases, both inflammatory and noninflammatory, and 28 healthy, physically active controls. Serum ...
Vigas M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of physical fitness and hyperthermia in inducing growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) responses to exercise in physically fit and in non-trained healthy subjects. METHODS: Ten wrestlers preparing for international competition (mean age 19), and nine untrained healthy males (mean age 21), volunteered in the ...
Bigbee A J - - 2000
Plasma growth hormone (GH) measured by immunoassay [immunoassayable GH (IGH)] and by tibial bioassay [bioassayable GH (BGH)] increases in humans in response to exercise. In rats, however, IGH does not change in response to exercise. The objective of this study was to determine the BGH response to an acute exercise ...
Harada T - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of muscarinic cholinergic and alpha2-adrenergic mechanisms in growth hormone (GH) secretion during exercise in humans. The GH responses induced during moderate-intensity exercise (using a cycle ergometer at 60% maximal oxygen uptake, VO2max, for 30 min) without treatment (control) and after ...
de Vries W R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Responses to stressful events are generally regarded as reactions of the organism to accommodate to or compensate for stress. This reaction is classically described as an activation of the sympathoadrenal system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. Activation of the release of growth hormone and prolactin in blood also occurs ...
Cappa M - - 2000
Physical exercise is an important physiological stimulus to growth hormone (GH) release in man. Many neurotransmitters are involved in GH regulation. We studied the effect of the cholinergic pathway on GH secretion induced by physical exercise. Particularly, we studied the effect of a cholinergic muscarinic agonist on GH-induced physical exercise, ...
Wideman L - - 2000
We investigated the ability of exercise, a multipathway, potent, physiological stimulus for GH release, to alter the synergistic interaction of L-arginine (A) and GH-related peptide (GHRP)-2 (G) observed at rest and the ability of gender to further modulate this putative interaction. Subjects (9 men and 9 early follicular phase women) ...
Hackney A C - - 2000
In animals, female sex steroid hormones (SS, estrogens-progesterone) influence the energy substrate that is metabolized. Human research on this issue is controversial. This study examined whether changes in circulating SS hormone levels affected the carbohydrate-lipid metabolism during submaximal prolonged (60 min) exercise. Young, physically active females were studied. Four were ...
ter Maaten J C - - 2000
During the last decade, growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in adults has been described as a clinical syndrome. Central features of this entity include increased fat mass, reduced muscle and bone mass, as well as impaired exercise capacity and quality of life. GH replacement therapy has been initiated on a wide ...
Andersen N B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: A decline of skeletal muscle mass and strength is seen with aging and immobilization. Growth hormone (GH) has been shown to increase muscle mass. In the present study the effects of a combination of mild exercise and GH on skeletal musculature tetanic tension, dry defatted weight (DDW), volume, water, ...
Davis M E - - 2000
Divergent selection for serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentration began at the Eastern Ohio Resource Development Center (EORDC) in 1989 using 100 spring-calving (50 high line and 50 low line) and 100 fall-calving (50 high line and 50 low line) purebred Angus cows. Following weaning, bull and heifer calves were ...
Mariappan P - - 2000
The structure, growth, differentiation and function of crustacean chelipeds are reviewed. In many decapod crustaceans growth of chelae is isometric with allometry level reaching unity till the puberty moult. Afterwards the same trend continues in females, while in males there is a marked spurt in the level of allometry accompanied ...
Eliakim A - - 2000
Anabolic effects of exercise are mediated, in part, by fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and growth hormone (GH). To identify local vs. systemic modification of these mediators, 10 male subjects performed 10 min of unilateral wrist-flexion exercise. Blood was sampled from catheters placed in basilic veins of ...
Legakis I N - - 2000
Galanin, a neuropeptide, is found in the central nervous system and in a number of nonbrain areas including adrenal sympathetic medullar tissue and pancreas. Several studies involve galanin in the regulation of GH, which responds to stressful stimuli. This study refers to the investigation of the effect of a 20-min ...
Collomp K - - 2000
The present study examined whether oral short-term administration of salbutamol (Sal) modifies performance and selected hormonal and metabolic variables during submaximal exercise. Eight recreational male athletes completed two cycling trials at 80-85% peak O(2) consumption until exhaustion after either gelatin placebo (Pla) or oral Sal (12 mg/day for 3 wk) ...
Weltman A - - 2000
To test the hypothesis that heightened sympathetic outflow precedes and predicts the magnitude of the growth hormone (GH) response to acute exercise (Ex), we studied 10 men [age 26.1 +/- 1.7 (SE) yr] six times in randomly assigned order (control and 5 Ex intensities). During exercise, subjects exercised for 30 ...
Simons M - - 2000
Therapeutic angiogenesis is a rapidly evolving approach to the treatment of advanced coronary disease. The availability of growth factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF or FGF2) has made possible the practical clinical application of this research. In this article, we summarise the basic biology of bFGF, a prototypical ...
Maas HCM - - 2000
PURPOSE AND METHODS: This study was designed to investigate the role of two effective releasers of growth hormone (GH): GHRH and GHRP-2 during exercise (EX). Eight healthy male subjects (ages: 22 +/- 1.2 (mean +/- SD) yr, BMI: 22.5 +/- 2.2 kg x m(-2)) were exposed to maximally stimulating dose ...
Knipper M - - 2000
Both a genetic or acquired neonatal thyroid hormone (TH) deficiency may result in a profound mental disability that is often accompanied by deafness. The existence of various TH-sensitive periods during inner ear development and general success of delayed, corrective TH treatment was investigated by treating pregnant and lactating rats with ...
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