Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1088
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Duclos M - - 2003
The aim of this study was to address the effect of endurance training on tissue sensitivity to glucocorticoids (GC) in both resting and exercising conditions. In vitro dexamethasone inhibition of LPS-induced interleukin-6 secretion in cultures of peripheral monocytes was compared in untrained subjects (UT) and in endurance-trained men (ET) at ...
Esel Ertugrul - - 2002
In this study, the authors aimed to test the hypothesis that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may cause some alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis hormones and these responses may change throughout respective ECT sessions. Nineteen depressed inpatients (8 males, 11 females; mean age+/-S.D.: 44.77+/-10.59 years) considered suitable for ECT were included in ...
Scheett Timothy P - - 2002
Recent studies demonstrate an unexpected reduction in circulating levels of IGF-I after 5 wk of endurance-type exercise training in adolescent boys and girls and prepubertal girls. We hypothesized that the reduction in IGF-I would be accompanied by a training-associated stimulation of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1beta, IL-6, or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), ...
Nemet Dan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Exercise can enhance growth and development in children, but recent investigations have revealed an intriguing paradox. Namely, the early (4-5 weeks) response to training programs in children lead to a catabolic, growth hormone (GH)-resistant state rather than the expected anabolic activation of the GH-->insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) axis. This ...
Werlang Coelho Carla - - 2002
PURPOSE: To measure the effects of a resistance training (RT) program over muscle function and body composition of adults with GH deficiency without replacement. METHODS: 11 GH-deficient patients (39 +/- 11 yr) were evaluated in four occasions (two pretraining and at 6 and 12-wk of training). We performed anthropometric measurements ...
Hart David W - - 2002
To determine whether propranolol and growth hormone (GH) have additive effects to combat burn-induced catabolism. Both GH and propranolol have been attributed anabolic properties after severe trauma and burn. It is conceivable that the two in combination would have additive effects. Fifty-six children with more than 40% TBSA burns were ...
Zoladz J A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Strenuous exercise was reported to involve the alteration in the release of some "stress" hormones such as growth hormone (GH), cortisol, catecholamines and appropriate adjustment of energy metabolism but the relative contribution of these hormones to metabolic response, to cycling exercise performed at different muscle shortening velocities, has not ...
Väänänen Ilkka - - 2002
The hormonal response to 4 days' walking exercise (totaling 164 km) was examined among 15 healthy males. We hypothesised that submaximal daily, repeated, prolonged exercise may disturb the balance of the adrenal cortex and pituitary-testicular axis, which could be analysed from the concentrations of serum cortisol and testosterone, and with ...
De Palo Elio F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), like growth hormone (GH), is excreted in urine in a smaller fraction than the concentration found in blood. Exercising subjects undergo post-exercise proteinuria. The present work aims to propose a method for urinary IGF-I analysis (uIGF-I) by defining urinary concentration in sedentary individuals and ...
Ronsen Ola - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of different durations of rest between two bouts of exercise on immunoendocrine responses during and after the second bout of exercise. Nine endurance athletes participated in three 25-h trials: 1) complete bed rest (REST), 2) two bouts of exercise separated ...
Pitkanen Hannu - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine power-type athletes to determine changes in amino acid and hormone concentrations in circulating blood following 2 different high-intensity exercise sessions before and after the 5-week training period. Eleven competitive male sprinters and jumpers performed 2 different running exercise sessions: a short run ...
Pullinen Teemu - - 2002
Hormonal responses to an unaccustomed knee-extension exercise (E1; 5 times 10 repetitions with 40% load of 1RM [1 repetition maximum] followed by 2 sets until exhaustion) were compared in 6 men with the corresponding responses to an identical exercise performed 2 days later under the influence of delayed onset muscle ...
Gugilla Sandhya R - - 2002
Hormonal changes during the different phases of menstrual cycle may influence drug disposition. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the menstrual cycle on the pharmacokinetics of paracetamol through salivary compartment in young healthy Indian women (n = 12) with regular menstrual cycles. The subjects received ...
Dall Rolf - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To characterise plasma levels of the recently identified endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor (ghrelin) during submaximal aerobic exercise in healthy adults and in GH-deficient adults. DESIGN: Eight healthy males (mean+/-s.e. age, 40.8+/-2.9 years) and eight hypopituitary males with verified GH deficiency (mean+/-s.e. age, 40.8+/-4.7 years) underwent a ...
Di Luigi L - - 2002
Sports influence the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis (HPG). The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of physical stress on qualitative male LH secretion. We evaluated the HPG axis at rest and the LH response to a treadmill exercise (90 % of Vdot;O 2 max) in eight trained (running 50 ...
Piacentini Maria Francesca - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: According to the central fatigue hypothesis, serotonin (5-HT) is related to fatigue, whereas the noradrenergic system is primarily concerned with arousal and motivation, and therefore hypothesized to enhance performance. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of a selective noradrenergic reuptake inhibitor (reboxetine 2 x ...
King Andrea C - - 2002
We examined HPA axis response to 50 mg oral naltrexone compared with placebo in 17 healthy male and female nonalcoholic subjects, approximately half of whom had a positive family history of alcoholism (FH+) and half of whom who did not (FH-). Mood response and naltrexone biotransformation were also examined at ...
Häkkinen Keijo - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of strength training on basal concentrations and acute responses of serum hormones, and their possible interrelationships with training induced muscle hypertrophy and strength gains of the knee extensor muscles in women with fibromyalgia (FM) and healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty-one premenopausal women with FM were randomized ...
Williams Christopher D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of exercise on serum estrogens, growth hormone, insulin, cortisol, lactate, and glucose levels in postmenopausal women receiving two routes of administration of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. SETTING: The general clinical research center of an academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Eleven active, ...
Stokes K A - - 2002
Exercise is a potent stimulus for the release of human growth hormone (hGH), but the time course of the hGH response to sprint exercise has not been studied. The aim of the present study was to determine the time course of the hGH response to a 6 s and a ...
Youl Kang Ho - - 2002
Ginseng, an herbal plant, has been ingested by many athletes in Oriental regions of the world in order to improve stamina and to facilitate rapid recovery from injuries. However, adequate investigation has not been conducted to examine the ergogenic effects of ginseng. To examine the effects of ginseng supplements on ...
Paiva Eduardo S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether female fibromyalgia (FM) patients exhibit a normal growth hormone (GH) response to an acute exercise stressor, and to assess the importance of somatostatin tone in the generation of this GH response. METHODS: Twenty female FM patients were compared with 10 healthy female controls. All subjects exercised ...
Borst Stephen E - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We have reported that resistance training (RT) elevates insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) in healthy young adults. Our goals were to determine whether RT produces a similar effect in the healthy older persons and to determine the effects of low- versus high-intensity RT on hormonal status. SETTING: Center for Exercise ...
Pritzlaff-Roy Cathy J - - 2002
We previously reported that in young adult males growth hormone (GH) release is related to exercise intensity in a linear dose-response manner (Pritzlaff et al. J Appl Physiol 87: 498-504, 1999). To investigate the effects of gender and exercise intensity on GH release, eight women (24.3 +/- 1.3 yr, 171 ...
Wood Ruth I RI Department of Cell and Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA. - - 2002
Although testosterone was declared a controlled substance in 1990, the potential for steroid dependence is largely unexplored. The present study used food-induced drinking with oral testosterone self-administration in hamsters to determine (1) the dose-response for testosterone reward, (2) links between testosterone self-administration and voluntary exercise, and (3) factors predicting individual ...
Quadros Princy S - - 2002
The central component of the medial preoptic nucleus (MPNc) of the rat has served as an excellent model of sexual differentiation. The MPNc is larger in adult males than in females, and its development is regulated by perinatal gonadal hormones. Although testosterone (T) and its metabolite estradiol (E) sexually differentiate ...
Copeland Jennifer L - - 2002
Thirty cross-trained, female subjects (19-69 years) completed an endurance exercise session (ES), a resistance exercise session (RS), and a control session (CS) in a randomized, balanced design. The ES consisted of 40 minutes of cycling at 75% maximum heart rate, and the RS consisted of 3 sets of 10 repetitions ...
Hütler Matthias - - 2002
PURPOSE: The effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment on exercise tolerance in children with cystic fibrosis was investigated. METHODS: 10 prepubertal children (mean +/- SD; age: 12.1 +/- 1.7 yr; height: 137.4 +/- 9.2 cm; body mass: 27.8 +/- 4.2 kg; forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1): 68 +/- ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2002
Increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality were reported in GH deficiency (GHD), and GH replacement can ameliorate cardiac abnormalities of adult GHD patients. To test the potential progression of untreated GHD on the cardiovascular risk and cardiac function, cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac size, and performance were prospectively evaluated in 15 GHD ...
Thomas Scott G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is a prominent symptom among patients with GH excess and acromegaly. Identifying the physiological basis of such complaints and obtaining objective measures to quantify their severity remains an ongoing challenge. We investigated whether submaximal measures of aerobic performance can be used to assess GH excess-associated fatigue objectively. DESIGN ...
Williams Alun G - - 2002
Seven resistance-trained men performed six bouts of resistance exercise, each separated by at least 1 week, in a crossover design. High, moderate and low volumes of exercise were used, each performed twice and followed immediately post-exercise by either a placebo or carbohydrate-protein supplementation. All bouts of resistance exercise were performed ...
Somogyi G - - 2002
An anionic chemical delivery system (aCDS) has been developed and applied to deliver testosterone (T) to the central nervous system (CNS). The delivery of a target compound is achieved through the use of a specific targetor moiety which is an (acyloxy)alkyl-phosphonate-type functional group. The T-aCDS readily penetrates biological membranes by ...
Lange Kai Henrik Wiborg - - 2002
GH administration, either alone or combined with resistance exercise training (RT), has attracted interest as a means of increasing muscle mass and strength in the elderly. In the present study, 31 healthy, elderly men [age, 74 +/- 1 yr (mean +/- SEM)] were assigned to either RT [3 sessions/wk, 3-5 ...
Wideman Laurie - - 2002
Exercise is a potent physiological stimulus for growth hormone (GH) secretion, and both aerobic and resistance exercise result in significant, acute increases in GH secretion. Contrary to previous suggestions that exercise-induced GH release requires that a "threshold" intensity be attained, recent research from our laboratory has shown that regardless of ...
Scott Lucinda V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) is one of the core functional bowel disorders. There has been recent emphasis on possible abnormal brain-gut interactions as being central to its pathophysiology. In this preliminary study, we examined central opioid tone in Helicobacter pylori-negative NUD patients using naloxone, an opioid antagonist, which stimulates pituitary-adrenal ...
Urhausen Axel - - 2002
The multitude of publications regarding overtraining syndrome (OTS or 'staleness') or the short-term 'over-reaching' and the severity of consequences for the athlete are in sharp contrast with the limited availability of valid diagnostic tools. Ergometric tests may reveal a decrement in sport-specific performance if they are maximal tests until exhaustion. ...
Green John S - - 2002
PURPOSE: To investigate the influences of menopause, hormone replacement, and endurance exercise training on cardiovascular hemodynamics and oxygen uptake parameters during exercise in women. METHODS: Subjects were 338 premenopausal women, 29 postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement, and 28 postmenopausal women not taking hormone replacement, all enrolled in the HERITAGE Family ...
Trejo Jose Luis - - 2002
Regular exercise has long being recognized as an important contributor to appropriate health status and is currently recommended to reduce the incidence of many diseases. More recent is the notion that sedentary life may also be a risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases even though for the last decade the beneficial ...
Consitt Leslie A - - 2002
Research in exercise endocrinology has flourished over the past few decades. In general, research examining short- and long-term hormone responses to endurance exercise preceded studies on resistance exercise, and research on women lagged behind research on men. Sufficient data are now available to allow a comparison of endogenous anabolic hormone ...
Tymchuk Christopher N - - 2002
Prostate cancer risk is associated with a high-fat diet and a sedentary lifestyle. Placing men on a low-fat diet-and-exercise intervention reduces serum hormones, including estradiol, insulin, and free testosterone, that may play a role in prostate cancer growth. Eight men participated in a low-fat diet-and-exercise program for a mean of ...
Di Luigi L - - 2001
PURPOSE: Prostaglandins (PGs) modulate the activity of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis, and pituitary hormones are largely involved in the physiological responses to exercise. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), an inhibitor of PGs synthesis, in the pituitary responses to physical stress in humans. ...
Consitt L A - - 2001
Sixteen, cross-trained, premenopausal women participated in an endurance, resistance, and control session to compare hormone responses. The resistance session included 3 sets of eight exercises at 10 RM intensity. The endurance session consisted of a 40-min cycling protocol at 75% of maximal heart rate. During the control session, subjects rested ...
Kraemer R R - - 2001
The purpose of the study was to investigate the responses of leptin and steroid hormones to maximal exercise in adolescent female runners over a competitive season. Seven adolescent female distance runners completed three testing trials during weeks 1.4 and 7 of their high-school track season. Blood samples were collected before ...
Jürimäe J - - 2001
In this study, we examined anabolic and catabolic hormone responses to a single endurance rowing training session in 12 male competitive single scull rowers. A work intensity eliciting a blood lactate concentration of 4 mmol(-1) was determined on a rowing ergometer during an endurance rowing training session lasting about 2 ...
Kallio J - - 2001
The leucine 7 to proline 7 (Leu7Pro) polymorphism in the signal peptide of NPY is associated with high blood lipid concentrations and accelerated rate of atherosclerosis as well as diabetic retinopathy. Also, healthy subjects with this polymorphism have increased NPY secretion during sympathetic stimulation. Because NPY may regulate GH release ...
Tirakitsoontorn P - - 2001
Exercise can stimulate catabolic inflammatory cytokines even in healthy children. For patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), this may be problematic because CF is characterized by increased inflammation and suppressed growth. We examined fitness and the response to brief exercise of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), insulinlike growth factor-I (IGF-I), ...
Peyreigne C - - 2001
DESIGN: Growth hormone (GH) has demonstrated water-retaining effects in subjects at rest, whereas other research has indicated that GH may stimulate sweating. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fluid intake on the exercise-induced GH response. METHODS: Seven healthy male volunteers (age: 27.4+/-1.3 years, weight: ...
Charkoudian N - - 2001
The significant increase in cardiovascular disease risk with the loss of estrogen and progesterone at menopause has lead to increasing interest in the cardiovascular influences of female reproductive hormones. In addition to direct influences of estrogen to promote endothelium-dependent vasodilation, recent evidence demonstrates important influences of both estrogen and progesterone ...
Hymer W C - - 2001
The effects of exercise on the molecular nature of secreted human growth hormone (GH) or its biological activity are not well understood. Plasma from women (average age 23.6 yr, n = 35), drawn before and after an acute heavy resistance exercise test, was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography into three ...
Weltman A - - 2001
In summary, available literature indicates that GH secretion is blunted profoundly in individuals with relative or absolute obesity. Accumulation of AVF particularly represses GH release. Administration of GH to obese adults decreases total body fat and especially AVF. Furthermore, GH supplementation combined with dietary restriction and/or exercise appears to enhance ...
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