Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1069
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Williams Christopher D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of exercise on serum estrogens, growth hormone, insulin, cortisol, lactate, and glucose levels in postmenopausal women receiving two routes of administration of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. SETTING: The general clinical research center of an academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Eleven active, ...
Stokes K A - - 2002
Exercise is a potent stimulus for the release of human growth hormone (hGH), but the time course of the hGH response to sprint exercise has not been studied. The aim of the present study was to determine the time course of the hGH response to a 6 s and a ...
Youl Kang Ho - - 2002
Ginseng, an herbal plant, has been ingested by many athletes in Oriental regions of the world in order to improve stamina and to facilitate rapid recovery from injuries. However, adequate investigation has not been conducted to examine the ergogenic effects of ginseng. To examine the effects of ginseng supplements on ...
Paiva Eduardo S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether female fibromyalgia (FM) patients exhibit a normal growth hormone (GH) response to an acute exercise stressor, and to assess the importance of somatostatin tone in the generation of this GH response. METHODS: Twenty female FM patients were compared with 10 healthy female controls. All subjects exercised ...
Borst Stephen E - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We have reported that resistance training (RT) elevates insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) in healthy young adults. Our goals were to determine whether RT produces a similar effect in the healthy older persons and to determine the effects of low- versus high-intensity RT on hormonal status. SETTING: Center for Exercise ...
Pritzlaff-Roy Cathy J - - 2002
We previously reported that in young adult males growth hormone (GH) release is related to exercise intensity in a linear dose-response manner (Pritzlaff et al. J Appl Physiol 87: 498-504, 1999). To investigate the effects of gender and exercise intensity on GH release, eight women (24.3 +/- 1.3 yr, 171 ...
Wood Ruth I RI Department of Cell and Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA. - - 2002
Although testosterone was declared a controlled substance in 1990, the potential for steroid dependence is largely unexplored. The present study used food-induced drinking with oral testosterone self-administration in hamsters to determine (1) the dose-response for testosterone reward, (2) links between testosterone self-administration and voluntary exercise, and (3) factors predicting individual ...
Quadros Princy S - - 2002
The central component of the medial preoptic nucleus (MPNc) of the rat has served as an excellent model of sexual differentiation. The MPNc is larger in adult males than in females, and its development is regulated by perinatal gonadal hormones. Although testosterone (T) and its metabolite estradiol (E) sexually differentiate ...
Copeland Jennifer L - - 2002
Thirty cross-trained, female subjects (19-69 years) completed an endurance exercise session (ES), a resistance exercise session (RS), and a control session (CS) in a randomized, balanced design. The ES consisted of 40 minutes of cycling at 75% maximum heart rate, and the RS consisted of 3 sets of 10 repetitions ...
Hütler Matthias - - 2002
PURPOSE: The effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment on exercise tolerance in children with cystic fibrosis was investigated. METHODS: 10 prepubertal children (mean +/- SD; age: 12.1 +/- 1.7 yr; height: 137.4 +/- 9.2 cm; body mass: 27.8 +/- 4.2 kg; forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1): 68 +/- ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2002
Increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality were reported in GH deficiency (GHD), and GH replacement can ameliorate cardiac abnormalities of adult GHD patients. To test the potential progression of untreated GHD on the cardiovascular risk and cardiac function, cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac size, and performance were prospectively evaluated in 15 GHD ...
Thomas Scott G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is a prominent symptom among patients with GH excess and acromegaly. Identifying the physiological basis of such complaints and obtaining objective measures to quantify their severity remains an ongoing challenge. We investigated whether submaximal measures of aerobic performance can be used to assess GH excess-associated fatigue objectively. DESIGN ...
Williams Alun G - - 2002
Seven resistance-trained men performed six bouts of resistance exercise, each separated by at least 1 week, in a crossover design. High, moderate and low volumes of exercise were used, each performed twice and followed immediately post-exercise by either a placebo or carbohydrate-protein supplementation. All bouts of resistance exercise were performed ...
Somogyi G - - 2002
An anionic chemical delivery system (aCDS) has been developed and applied to deliver testosterone (T) to the central nervous system (CNS). The delivery of a target compound is achieved through the use of a specific targetor moiety which is an (acyloxy)alkyl-phosphonate-type functional group. The T-aCDS readily penetrates biological membranes by ...
Lange Kai Henrik Wiborg - - 2002
GH administration, either alone or combined with resistance exercise training (RT), has attracted interest as a means of increasing muscle mass and strength in the elderly. In the present study, 31 healthy, elderly men [age, 74 +/- 1 yr (mean +/- SEM)] were assigned to either RT [3 sessions/wk, 3-5 ...
Wideman Laurie - - 2002
Exercise is a potent physiological stimulus for growth hormone (GH) secretion, and both aerobic and resistance exercise result in significant, acute increases in GH secretion. Contrary to previous suggestions that exercise-induced GH release requires that a "threshold" intensity be attained, recent research from our laboratory has shown that regardless of ...
Scott Lucinda V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) is one of the core functional bowel disorders. There has been recent emphasis on possible abnormal brain-gut interactions as being central to its pathophysiology. In this preliminary study, we examined central opioid tone in Helicobacter pylori-negative NUD patients using naloxone, an opioid antagonist, which stimulates pituitary-adrenal ...
Urhausen Axel - - 2002
The multitude of publications regarding overtraining syndrome (OTS or 'staleness') or the short-term 'over-reaching' and the severity of consequences for the athlete are in sharp contrast with the limited availability of valid diagnostic tools. Ergometric tests may reveal a decrement in sport-specific performance if they are maximal tests until exhaustion. ...
Green John S - - 2002
PURPOSE: To investigate the influences of menopause, hormone replacement, and endurance exercise training on cardiovascular hemodynamics and oxygen uptake parameters during exercise in women. METHODS: Subjects were 338 premenopausal women, 29 postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement, and 28 postmenopausal women not taking hormone replacement, all enrolled in the HERITAGE Family ...
Trejo Jose Luis - - 2002
Regular exercise has long being recognized as an important contributor to appropriate health status and is currently recommended to reduce the incidence of many diseases. More recent is the notion that sedentary life may also be a risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases even though for the last decade the beneficial ...
Consitt Leslie A - - 2002
Research in exercise endocrinology has flourished over the past few decades. In general, research examining short- and long-term hormone responses to endurance exercise preceded studies on resistance exercise, and research on women lagged behind research on men. Sufficient data are now available to allow a comparison of endogenous anabolic hormone ...
Tymchuk Christopher N - - 2002
Prostate cancer risk is associated with a high-fat diet and a sedentary lifestyle. Placing men on a low-fat diet-and-exercise intervention reduces serum hormones, including estradiol, insulin, and free testosterone, that may play a role in prostate cancer growth. Eight men participated in a low-fat diet-and-exercise program for a mean of ...
Di Luigi L - - 2001
PURPOSE: Prostaglandins (PGs) modulate the activity of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis, and pituitary hormones are largely involved in the physiological responses to exercise. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), an inhibitor of PGs synthesis, in the pituitary responses to physical stress in humans. ...
Consitt L A - - 2001
Sixteen, cross-trained, premenopausal women participated in an endurance, resistance, and control session to compare hormone responses. The resistance session included 3 sets of eight exercises at 10 RM intensity. The endurance session consisted of a 40-min cycling protocol at 75% of maximal heart rate. During the control session, subjects rested ...
Kraemer R R - - 2001
The purpose of the study was to investigate the responses of leptin and steroid hormones to maximal exercise in adolescent female runners over a competitive season. Seven adolescent female distance runners completed three testing trials during weeks 1.4 and 7 of their high-school track season. Blood samples were collected before ...
Jürimäe J - - 2001
In this study, we examined anabolic and catabolic hormone responses to a single endurance rowing training session in 12 male competitive single scull rowers. A work intensity eliciting a blood lactate concentration of 4 mmol(-1) was determined on a rowing ergometer during an endurance rowing training session lasting about 2 ...
Kallio J - - 2001
The leucine 7 to proline 7 (Leu7Pro) polymorphism in the signal peptide of NPY is associated with high blood lipid concentrations and accelerated rate of atherosclerosis as well as diabetic retinopathy. Also, healthy subjects with this polymorphism have increased NPY secretion during sympathetic stimulation. Because NPY may regulate GH release ...
Tirakitsoontorn P - - 2001
Exercise can stimulate catabolic inflammatory cytokines even in healthy children. For patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), this may be problematic because CF is characterized by increased inflammation and suppressed growth. We examined fitness and the response to brief exercise of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), insulinlike growth factor-I (IGF-I), ...
Peyreigne C - - 2001
DESIGN: Growth hormone (GH) has demonstrated water-retaining effects in subjects at rest, whereas other research has indicated that GH may stimulate sweating. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fluid intake on the exercise-induced GH response. METHODS: Seven healthy male volunteers (age: 27.4+/-1.3 years, weight: ...
Charkoudian N - - 2001
The significant increase in cardiovascular disease risk with the loss of estrogen and progesterone at menopause has lead to increasing interest in the cardiovascular influences of female reproductive hormones. In addition to direct influences of estrogen to promote endothelium-dependent vasodilation, recent evidence demonstrates important influences of both estrogen and progesterone ...
Hymer W C - - 2001
The effects of exercise on the molecular nature of secreted human growth hormone (GH) or its biological activity are not well understood. Plasma from women (average age 23.6 yr, n = 35), drawn before and after an acute heavy resistance exercise test, was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography into three ...
Weltman A - - 2001
In summary, available literature indicates that GH secretion is blunted profoundly in individuals with relative or absolute obesity. Accumulation of AVF particularly represses GH release. Administration of GH to obese adults decreases total body fat and especially AVF. Furthermore, GH supplementation combined with dietary restriction and/or exercise appears to enhance ...
Sánchez-Campos S - - 2001
We have previously reported that melatonin modifies carbohydrate and lipid utilization in exercised rats, maintaining glycemia and reducing plasma and liver lactate and plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate. This study was undertaken to determine whether effects on fuel metabolism were related to changes in nitric oxide (NO) production or growth hormone (GH) secretion. ...
Nindl B C - - 2001
This study examined the hypothesis that exercise-induced changes in circulating testosterone would be centrally mediated via hypothalamic-pituitary release of luteinizing hormone (LH). We tested this hypothesis by examining overnight LH, total and free testosterone (TT and FT), and cortisol (C) concentrations in 10 young healthy men (21 +/- 1 yr) ...
Sartorio A - - 2001
Plasma and urinary GH responses following acute physical exercise were evaluated in 19 short-statured children (12 males, 7 females, median age: 11.4 yr, age range: 6.1-14.5 yr, Tanner stage I-III, height < or = 3rd centile for age; 7 with familial short stature, FSS; 8 with constitutional growth delay, CGD; ...
Meeusen R - - 2001
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) on exercise performance during a 90 min time trial. Eight well trained male cyclists (VO2max 68.1 +/- 9.5 ml/kg/min) performed three 90 min time trials at 65% Wattmax. Blood samples were ...
Hennessey J V - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Reduced muscle mass and strength are characteristic findings of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and aging. We evaluated measures of muscle strength, muscle fiber type, and cross sectional area in response to treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) with or without a structured resistance exercise program in frail older ...
Sonksen P H - - 2001
This review examines some interesting 'new' histories of insulin and reviews our current understanding of its physiological actions and synergy with GH in the regulation of metabolism and body composition. It reviews the history of GH abuse that antedates by many years the awareness of endocrinologists to its potent anabolic ...
Nindl B C - - 2001
This investigation examined the hypothesis that acute heavy resistance exercise (AHRE) would increase overnight concentrations of circulating human growth hormone (hGH). Ten men (22 +/- 1 yr, 177 +/- 2 cm, 79 +/- 3 kg, 11 +/- 1% body fat) underwent two overnight blood draws sampled every 10 min from ...
Jenkins P J - - 2001
This review summarizes the interactions between growth hormone (GH) and exercise. Exercise has profound effects upon the GH-insulin-like growth factor I axis per se. In addition, there is increasing evidence that such physiological perturbations might be influential in the performance responses to repeated training. However, the ergogenic effects of systemic ...
Kanaley J A - - 2001
Exercise of appropriate intensity is a potent stimulus for GH and cortisol secretion. Circadian and diurnal rhythms may modulate the GH and cortisol responses to exercise, but nutrition, sleep, prior exercise patterns, and body composition are potentially confounding factors. To determine the influence of the time of day on the ...
Williams N I - - 2001
Cross-sectional studies of exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction have documented a high proportion of menstrual cycle disturbances in women involved in strenuous exercise training. However, longitudinal studies have been needed to examine individual susceptibility to exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction and to elucidate the progression of changes in reproductive function that occur with strenuous ...
Eliakim A - - 2001
We recently demonstrated that a brief endurance type training program led to increases in thigh muscle mass and peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)) in prepubertal girls. In this study, we examined the effect of training on the GH-->insulin-like growth factor I (GH-->IGF-I) axis, a system known to be involved both in ...
KochaƄska-Dziurowicz A - - 2001
In order to establish the influence of acute atypical exercise on prolactin and testosterone levels in young female athletes the authors selected a group of 13 short distance runners who were subjected to exercise on a cycle ergometer. Hormone levels were measured before the test, just after the end of ...
Duclos M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Muscular exercise induces hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation and when regularly repeated, as in endurance training, leads to HPA axis adaptation. To assess whether non-professional endurance-trained (ET) men with a substantial training load and no clinical or biological features of HPA axis overactivity can present subtle alterations of HPA axis ...
Ronsen O - - 2001
This study was designed to compare a first bout of high-intensity endurance exercise with a second bout of similar exercise on the same day, and thereby test the hypothesis that the endocrine response elicited by a second bout is more pronounced compared with a single bout of exercise. Nine male, ...
Nindl B C - - 2001
This study evaluated the individual components of the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) system [i.e., total and free IGF-I, insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-2 and -3, and the acid-labile subunit (ALS)] in 10 young, healthy men (age: 22 +/- 1 yr, height: 177 +/- 2 cm, weight: 79 +/- ...
Waters D L - - 2001
Amenorrheic athletes exhibit a spectrum of neuroendocrine disturbances, including alterations in the GH-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis. Whether these changes are due to exercise or amenorrhea is incompletely characterized. The present study investigates spontaneous (overnight) and exercise-stimulated GH secretion and associated IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in amenorrheic (AA; n = ...
Muñoz-Hoyos A - - 2001
The pineal gland in humans is under both alpha- and beta-adrenergic control, although it seems that beta1-adrenoceptors are mainly implicated in melatonin secretion. In the present study, we evaluated the role of beta-adrenergic innervation on melatonin production and its relation with the production of growth hormone (GH). Thirty-four children (15 ...
Trejo J L - - 2001
Although the physiological significance of continued formation of new neurons in the adult mammalian brain is still uncertain, therapeutic strategies aimed to potentiate this process show great promise. Several external factors, including physical exercise, increase the number of new neurons in the adult hippocampus, but underlying mechanisms are not yet ...
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