Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1112
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Reimer S Brent - - 2005
A 13-year-old 4.6-kg (10.2-lb) neutered male domestic long hair cat was evaluated because of a history of lethargy, exercise intolerance, and ventroflexion of the cervical portion of the vertebral column. After extensive assessment at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Michigan State University, the clinical signs were attributed to an aldosterone-secreting ...
Takano Haruhito - - 2005
We investigated the hemodynamic and hormonal responses to a short-term low-intensity resistance exercise (STLIRE) with the reduction of muscle blood flow. Eleven untrained men performed bilateral leg extension exercise under the reduction of muscle blood flow of the proximal end of both legs pressure-applied by a specially designed belt (a ...
Anderson, Elyzabeth A.
Whole body lipid and carbohydrate utilization during moderate intensity exercise was examined in eumenorrheic women using oral contraceptive agents (OCA) (n=10) compared to women who were not using OCA (n=9) during the high and low hormone phases of the menstrual cycle. High hormone phases were considered to be the mid-luteal ...
Goto Kazushige - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of exercise-induced metabolic stress on hormonal responses and chronic muscular adaptations. METHODS: We compared the acute and long-term effects of an "NR regimen" (no-rest regimen) and those of a "WR regimen" (regimen with rest period within a set). Twenty-six ...
Deuster Patricia A PA MPH, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-4799, USA. - - 2005
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) is restrained by activation of gamma-amino-butyric acid receptors. Alprazolam (APZ) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) are purported to be gamma-amino-butyric acid agonists and antagonists, respectively. Our objective was to examine the effects of APZ and DHEA alone and in combination on HPA axis activity. This was a double-blind, ...
Stokes Keith - - 2005
This study examined the growth hormone (GH) response to repeated bouts of sprint cycling. Eight healthy men completed three trials consisting of two 30-s sprints on a cycle ergometer separated by either 60 min (Trial A) or 240 min (Trial B) of recovery and a single 30-s sprint carried out ...
Roca Catherine A - - 2005
CONTEXT: Sex-related differences in the stress response are well described in the animal literature but in humans are inconsistent and appear to reflect both the method used to stimulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the age of the subjects. Sex-related differences in reproductive steroid levels further confound efforts to define ...
Esposito John G - - 2005
Growth hormone (GH) treatment reverses the muscle loss allegedly responsible for diminished aerobic capacity and increased fatigue in patients with HIV-associated wasting. This study examined whether submaximal measures of physical performance can be used as objective measures of the functional impact of GH treatment-induced anabolism. We randomized 27 HIV-positive men ...
Hable Whitney E - - 2005
Previous work has demonstrated that dynamic actin arrays are important for axis establishment and polar growth in the fucoid zygote, Silvetia compressa. Transitions between these arrays are mediated by depolymerization of an existing array and polymerization of a new array. To begin to understand how polymerization of new arrays might ...
Kraemer William J - - 2005
The supplement Cortitrol was formulated to mitigate the cortisol response to physiological and psychological stress. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Cortitrol on serum cortisol concentrations before, during, and after a high-intensity resistance exercise protocol (EX) and a resting control day (REST). We used ...
Sartorio A - - 2005
To characterise the specific GH responses to repeated bouts of standardised aerobic exercise in amateur competitive cyclists, 6 volunteers (mean age +/- SE: 28.7 +/- 2.3 yr, range: 18-35 yr) performed two consecutive 30-min cycling sessions at 80% of individual maximal oxygen uptake on three occasions with different time interval ...
Minczykowski A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: There is accumulating evidence that growth hormone (GH) plays an important role in the maintenance of normal cardiac growth and function. Abnormalities in left ventricular diastolic function and impairment of systolic function have also been reported in patients with GHD. In this study, we investigated the effects of 12 ...
Parissis John T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Recent experimental and clinical data indicate that abnormal inflammatory and apoptotic processes contribute to the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). We sought to study the effects of growth hormone (GH) on circulating soluble apoptosis mediators, and to investigate whether these GH-induced anti-apoptotic effects are associated with the reduction ...
Berggren Annika A Department of Clinical Physiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE-41345 Göteborg, - - 2005
Despite the fact that the use of GH as a doping agent in sports is widespread, little is known about its short-term effects. The objective was to study the effects of GH on exercise capacity. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study was used, with a treatment period of 28 d. Subjects from ...
Giannoulis M G - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Exercise is a potent physiological stimulus of GH secretion. We hypothesized that exogenous recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) administration through an increase in GH and IGF-I levels would blunt the GH response to exercise. The aim of the study was to examine and compare the impact of rhGH on ...
Rubin Martyn R - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of resistance training on circulating concentrations of growth hormone binding protein (GHBP) in response to acute heavy resistance exercise. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional experimental design, a group of resistance-trained men (RT, N=9, 7.9+/-1.3 yr resistance training experience) and a ...
Mäestu J - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the hormonal response at rest and during maximal 2,000 m rowing ergometer test in 12 highly trained male rowers before and after 3 week heavy training, and after 2 week tapering periods. METHODS: Venous blood samples were obtained before, immediately after ...
Porcari John P JP Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse , - - 2005
We studied the effects of self-administered neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on changes in strength, endurance, selected anthropometric measures, and subject's perceived shape and satisfaction of the abdominal wall. Twenty-four adults (experimental group) stimulated their abdominals 5 days per week (20-40 minutes per session) for 8 weeks and refrained from engaging ...
Goto Kazushige - - 2005
This study examined the influence of prior endurance exercise on hormonal responses to subsequent resistance exercise. Ten males exercised on a cycle ergometer at 50% of maximal oxygen uptake for 60 min and subsequently completed a resistance exercise (bench and leg press, four sets at ten repetitions maximum with an ...
Barnard R James - - 2005
Metabolic syndrome was initially described as an aggregation of risk factors for the development of coronary artery disease with insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia as the underlying factor. In an earlier review, we suggested that hyperinsulinemia may also lead to prostate cancer (PCa), the most common male cancer in industrialized ...
Hackney A C - - 2005
During the last 30 years a large number of research studies have been conducted examining reproductive endocrine dysfunction in exercising women. The number of similar studies examining men is still relatively small. Nevertheless, an increasing amount of research studies in men indicate endurance exercise training has significant effects upon the ...
Kraemer William J - - 2005
Resistance exercise has been shown to elicit a significant acute hormonal response. It appears that this acute response is more critical to tissue growth and remodelling than chronic changes in resting hormonal concentrations, as many studies have not shown a significant change during resistance training despite increases in muscle strength ...
Reis Fernando M - - 2005
The present study evaluated the in vivo effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on the localization of immunoreactive transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and their common receptor (EGF-R) in the human endometrium. The study design was a randomized clinical trial enrolling 36 healthy women with regular menstrual ...
Jürimäe J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate plasma leptin response to short term exercise in college level male rowers. METHODS: Thirteen rowers performed a 30 minute maximal rowing ergometer test. Venous blood samples were obtained before, immediately after, and after 30 minutes of recovery. Concentrations of leptin, insulin, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), ...
Ploughman M - - 2005
The optimal amount of endurance exercise required to elevate proteins involved in neuroplasticity during stroke rehabilitation is not known. This study compared the effects of varying intensities and durations of endurance exercise using both motorized and voluntary running wheels after endothelin-I-induced focal ischemia in rats. Hippocampal levels of brain-derived neurotrophic ...
McMurray Robert G - - 2005
Physiological and psychological systems work together to determine energy intake and output, and thus maintain adipose tissue. In addition, adipose tissue secretes leptin and cytokines, which induces satiety and has been linked to catecholamines, cortisol, insulin, human growth hormone, thyroid hormones, gonadotropin and lipolysis. Thus, adipose tissue is acted upon ...
Bloor Colin M - - 2005
In this review the factors involved in angiogenesis are discussed in their various roles in initiating angiogenesis and inducing changes in the extracellular matrix to facilitate sprouting angiogenesis which is a major part of the angiogenesis seen in exercise and exercise training. A key role in angiogenesis is played by ...
Dimeo F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has been shown to stimulate haematopoiesis in patients with anaemia due to chronic renal failure or haematological malignancies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of moderate exercise on the production of haematopoietically active factors. METHODS: Ten patients (four men and six women, mean (SD) age 51 (10) years) ...
Daly W - - 2005
Previous pharmacological and pathological studies have reported negative relationships between circulating testosterone and certain stress hormones (i.e., cortisol and prolactin) in humans. These relationships have subsequently been used in hypotheses explaining the subclinical resting testosterone levels often found in some endurance-trained males, but as of yet no one has specifically ...
Meyer Gerhard - - 2004
Problematic gambling is thought to be influenced by neurobiological mechanisms. However, the neuroendocrine response to gambling is largely unknown. Therefore, the effect of casino gambling on the sympathoadrenal system, the HPA-axis, and pituitary hormones were analyzed. Fourteen male problem gamblers and 15 non-problem gamblers were examined in a balanced cross-over ...
Godfrey R J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Studies measuring human growth hormone (hGH) in blood during exercise have mainly used venous sampling. The invasive nature of this procedure makes evaluation of hGH impossible in various exercise environments. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether capillary sampling could offer an alternative sampling method. METHODS: Capillary and venous blood samples were ...
Wellhoener Peter - - 2004
Activation of central nervous mineralocorticoid receptors (MRs) has been shown to inhibit the activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis in animals. Here, we examined whether MRs in humans likewise regulate HPA activity in response to a physiological stressor. In a balanced, randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial, 12 healthy men were treated ...
Kiive Evelyn - - 2004
This study was designed to compare growth hormone, cortisol and prolactin responses to physical exercise in depressed patients and healthy comparison subjects. Patients fulfilled the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for current major depressive disorder; subjective depressive symptoms were rated with Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) immediately before the experiment. Growth hormone, ...
Lehto Tarja - - 2004
We previously traced 10B-enriched boric acid from shoots to roots to demonstrate the translocation of boron (B) in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) seedlings. To gain a more detailed understanding of B translocation, we sought: (1) to demonstrate B retranslocation directly, by showing ...
Strachan A T - - 2004
The purpose of the experiment was to examine whether selective serotonin (5-HT) re-uptake transporter blockade by paroxetine has any effect on perceived effort (RPE) during exercise or the time to reach volitional fatigue and on the prolactin and cortisol responses during prolonged exercise performed in a warm environment. Eight healthy ...
Irving Brian A - - 2004
We examined the effects of GH infusion on metabolism and performance measures during acute exercise. Nine males [(X+/-SEM): age 23.7+/-1.9 yr, height 182.6+/-1.6 cm, weight 77.3+/- 2.6 kg, percent fat 17.7+/-1.9%, peak oxygen consumption 37.9 +/- 2.9 ml/kg.min] completed six 30-min randomly assigned bicycle ergometer exercise trials at a power ...
Copeland Jennifer L - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on the acute and chronic hormonal responses to resistance exercise in post-menopausal women. METHODS: Thirty-two post-menopausal women were recruited for this study; 16 who were currently using HRT and 16 who were not using ...
Erickson Gregory M - - 2004
How evolutionary changes in body size are brought about by variance in developmental timing and/or growth rates (also known as heterochrony) is a topic of considerable interest in evolutionary biology. In particular, extreme size change leading to gigantism occurred within the dinosaurs on multiple occasions. Whether this change was brought ...
Grinspoon Steven - - 2004
Ghrelin is a nutritionally regulated gut peptide that increases with fasting and chronic undernutrition and decreases with food intake. Sex steroid levels change in chronic undernutrition and might signal changes in ghrelin. At the same time, chronic undernutrition is characterized by low IGF-I that might also influence ghrelin, either directly ...
Hadzović Almira - - 2004
There is no clear evidence about the influence of programmed physical activity (training) on growth hormone (GH) response to acute physical exercise. The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship between the level of physical activity and the serum growth hormone concentration in response to acute physical exercise. ...
De Souza Mary Jane - - 2004
Recent findings support a role for ghrelin in the regulation of energy homeostasis and possibly reproductive function. The primary purpose of this study was to test whether differences in fasting ghrelin levels exist in exercising women with differing menstrual and metabolic status. Menstrual cycle status was defined as sedentary ovulatory ...
de Vries W R - - 2004
This study was designed to investigate the central neuroendocrine mechanisms by which exercise (EX) stimulates growth hormone (GH) release as a function of age. Twelve male subjects, six in their early-to-mid twenties and six in their late sixties or seventies, received a strong GH stimulus either as incremental EX until ...
Adiyaman P - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Normal growth in children is regulated to a great extent through the actions of the GH/IGF-I axis, a system consisting of GH and its mediators (ternary complex) that modulate growth in many tissues. The ternary complex (IGF-I/IGFBP-3/ALS) provides an acute regulatory mechanism in which IGF-I may be ...
Nindl Bradley C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that 12 weeks of resistance training would alter circulating concentrations of IGF-I system components in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. DESIGN: Ten ESRD patients underwent 12 weeks of resistance training after a 6 week control period and had morning fasted blood drawn on four occasions ...
Kraemer R R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Heavy resistance exercise increases growth hormone (GH) and blood glucose levels. Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand for the GH secretagory receptor that stimulates growth hormone release. Circulating ghrelin levels are suppressed by insulin and glucose. The study was conducted to determine effects of concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) muscle ...
Ari Zeki - - 2004
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of regular exercise on maximum oxygen uptake capacity (VO2max), reaction time (RT), testosterone (T), growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in athletes compared to sedentary controls. VO2max, RT, T, GH, and IGF-I levels were 31.2 +/- 6.2 ml/min/kg, 106.7 ...
Nemet Dan - - 2004
PURPOSE: Brief periods of aerobic exercise training lead to reductions, rather then the expected increases in circulating IGF-I. We hypothesized that intense exercise training in adolescents initially leads to simultaneous increases in proinflammatory cytokines and decreases in activity of the GH/IGF-I axis; and that as exercise training proceeds, levels of ...
Boag A K - - 2004
A 14-year-old neutered female cat was presented for the investigation of aggression and male-type behaviour. Bilateral adrenal enlargement together with elevated plasma concentrations of oestradiol and testosterone were identified, with no evidence of hypercortisolaemia. These findings are similar to the syndrome of hyperadrenocorticism recognised most commonly in ferrets. The cat ...
Jiang Jinlong - - 2004
Syntheses and structure-activity relationships of piperidine-substituted quinolones as nonpeptide gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonists are described. Some of substituents on the piperidine ring that were investigated included a fused phenyl group, a (6R)-trifluoromethyl group, (6S) and (6R)-methyl group. This study showed that GnRH binding potency was tolerated by a small group ...
Di Loreto C - - 2004
Whole-body vibration is reported to increase muscle performance, bone mineral density and stimulate the secretion of lipolytic and protein anabolic hormones, such as GH and testosterone, that might be used for the treatment of obesity. To date, as no controlled trial has examined the effects of vibration exercise on the ...
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