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Teplan V V Department of Nephrology, Transplant Center, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic. - - 2014
Level of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is elevated and endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and stem cells (SC) are decreased in patients undergoing renal transplantation (Tx) and may contribute to cardiovascular complications. We tested the hypothesis that ADMA, EPC and SC can be influenced with regular physical exercise early after Tx. Blood ...
Lee Hyo-Cheol HC Department of Emergency Medical Services, College of Health Science, Honam University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of exercise therapy on blood lipids of obese women. [Subjects] The subjects were 24 clinically obese women. [Methods] The subjects were divided into an exercise group (n=12), and a control group (n=12). The exercise group performed exercise for 10 ...
Holwerda Seth W SW Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, United - - 2014
Blood flow to active skeletal muscle increases markedly during dynamic exercise. However, despite the massive capacity of skeletal muscle vasculature to dilate, arterial blood pressure is well maintained. Sympathetic nerve activity is elevated with increased intensity of dynamic exercise, and is essential for redistribution of cardiac output to active skeletal ...
Neto Gabriel R GR 1Department of gymnastics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Physical Education Graduate Program, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 2Department of Physical Education, Associate Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE / UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba - Brazil 3Department of Physical Education, Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba - Brazil 4Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, Exercise Physiology Laboratory, CA, USA 5Department of Physical Education, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, - - 2014
The effects of low-intensity resistance exercise combined with blood flow restriction (BFR) on blood pressure are an important factor to be considered due to the acute responses imposed by training. The aim of this study was to compare the hypotensive effect of resistance exercise (RE) performed with and without BFR ...
Kimura Tatsushi T Department of Kindergarten Education, Yasuda Women's College, Hiroshima, - - 2014
The goal was to evaluate the effects of exercise on the clogginess of blood as well as the effect of increased blood cell count and hematocrit levels after exercise. We also investigated the mechanisms underlying the clogginess of blood. The time required for blood to pass through microchannels was measured. ...
Newell John J a School of Mathematics, Statistics and Applied Mathematics , National University of Ireland , Galway , - - 2014
Abstract A new free app is available for the objective analysis of the blood lactate response to incremental exercise developed using Open-source R software.
Eom Jun Ho JH Department of Physical Therapy, Baekseok University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of squat exercises performed in toilet-using postures on the blood flow velocity of the lower extremities for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis. [Subjects] The subjects were 28 students who were attending B University in Cheonan. They were divided ...
Terpak Kyle K a College of Pharmacy , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , United - - 2014
Abstract Exercise and treating hyperlipidaemia with statins are two integral components of the American Heart Association guidelines to reduce cardiovascular risk in adults. Since statins can cause myalgias and myopathies, they could affect the duration or intensity of an exercise regimen. To determine the impact of statin use in adult ...
Jenkins Nathaniel D M ND Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 211 Ruth Leverton Hall, Lincoln, NE, 68583, USA, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of 6 weeks of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation and moderate aerobic exercise on peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text] peak), the gas exchange threshold (GET), the respiratory compensation point (RCP), and serum concentrations of cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and glucose in humans. Thirty-four untrained to moderately trained ...
Woolley B B School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Wellington, New - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of regular exercise participation on common carotid artery stiffness in patients recently diagnosed with transient ischaemic attack (TIA). A total of 21 male and 4 female participants (mean±s.d.; 66±12 years, 1.72±0.07 m, 85.5±12.4 kg), recruited within 2 weeks of TIA diagnosis, completed a risk stratification assessment (including ...
Maruf Fatai A FA Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Nigeria, - - 2014
Hypertension is associated with dyslipidemia. Thiazides adversely affect serum lipid levels in hypertensives. There is currently a dearth of information on benefits of aerobic exercise training on serum lipid levels in individuals on thiazides and this study aimed at bridging this gap in knowledge. This randomized-controlled trial involved 120 newly-diagnosed ...
Zhang Jing J From the 1Department of Gynecology, The First Hospital of Peking University, Beijing, China; 2The Union of The First Hospital of Peking University, Beijing, China; 3The Peking University Clinical Research Institute, Beijing, China; and 4Department of Medical Statistics, The First Hospital of Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the treatment effects of physical exercise on menopausal symptoms in middle-aged female medical staff experiencing perimenopausal syndrome. A total of 157 female medical staff aged 40 to 55 years and with a Kupperman index score of 15 points or higher were randomized 1:1 into an ...
Butler Carling E CE Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
Workplaces provide ideal environments for wellness programming. The purpose of this study was to explore exercise self-efficacy among university employees and the effects of a worksite wellness program on physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and CVD risk factors. Participants included 121 university employees (85% female). The worksite wellness program included cardiovascular ...
Dönmez N N University of Selcuk, Faculty of Veterinary 42075 , Konya , - - 2014
We evaluated the effects of koumiss on some hematological and biochemical characteristics of persons who exercise. Eighteen sedentary males were assigned to three equal groups: koumiss (K), koumiss + exercise (KE) and exercise alone (E). Leukocytes (WBC), differential leucocyte count, erythrocytes (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), platelet (PLT), glucose, total ...
Radhakrishnan Jeyasundar J Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK Faculty of Society and Health, Buckinghamshire New University, Uxbridge, UK - - 2014
Summary We studied the effectiveness of a home-based exercise programme with information technology (IT) support in people with metabolic syndrome in India. Ninety-four participants with metabolic syndrome (mean age 50 years) were randomized into two groups. Both groups received a 12-week home exercise programme and Group 2 received additional IT ...
Voduc Nha N a Department of Medicine, Division of Respirology, University of Ottawa at The Ottawa Hospital, General Campus, 501 Smyth Road, Box 211, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L6, - - 2014
To assess the effect on exercise capacity and tolerability of resveratrol, 13 healthy, sedentary adult volunteers were enrolled in a randomized crossover study comparing resveratrol and placebo over two 4-week periods, with a 2-week time between periods when subjects received no treatment. No significant changes in exercise duration or aerobic ...
Marongiu Elisabetta - - 2014
A great bulk of evidence supports the concept that regular exercise training can reduce the incidence of coronary events and increase survival chances after myocardial infarction. These exercise-induced beneficial effects on the myocardium are reached by means of the reduction of several risk factors relating to cardiovascular disease, such as ...
Ngo Sock Emilienne Tudor ET Department of Kinesiology, Université de Montréal, P.O. Box 6128, Station Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that gene expression of members of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily known to act as endo- and xeno-sensors is reduced in the ileum of exercise-trained (Tr) rats. Healthy female rats were either treadmill-trained for 8 weeks, 5 times/week, or remained ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass A Exercise Biochemistry Division, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Mazandaran, Baboulsar, Mazandaran, - - 2014
ABC transporters comprise a large family of transmembrane proteins that use the energy provided by ATP hydrolysis to translocate a variety of substrates across biological membranes. All members of the human ABCG subfamily, except for ABCG2, are cholesterol-transporter. The aim of this study was to determine the liver, the small ...
Gany Francesca F Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 300 E. 66th St., 15th Floor, New York, NY, 10065, - - 2014
There is considerable evidence demonstrating the positive impact of pedometers and walking programs for increasing physical activity and reducing risk for cardiovascular disease among diverse populations. However, no interventions have been targeted towards South Asian taxi drivers, a population that may be at high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Supporting ...
Pan Xiaogui X Department of Physical Education - - 2014
Abstract Objective was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi exercise on nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) levels, and blood pressure (BP) in patients with essential hypertension (EH). EH patients were assigned to the Tai Chi exercise group (HTC, n = 24), and hypertension group (HP, n = 16) ...
Kim Dae-Young DY Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study investigated the effects of regular exercise on the improvement of free fatty acid (FFA) levels and metabolic risk factors of stroke patients. [Methods] The subjects were 20 male patients aged 47-59 years who were diagnosed as having hemiplegia resulting from stroke. Exercise was conducted using a stationary ...
Mora-Rodriguez R R Exercise Physiology Laboratory and GENUD Group University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise training can improve health of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, which MetS factors are most responsive to exercise training remains unclear. We studied the time-course of changes in MetS factors in response to training and detraining. Forty eight MetS patients (52 ± 8.8 yrs old; 33 ± 4 BMI) underwent 4 months (3 ...
Taylor Beth A BA Department of Cardiology, Henry Low Heart Center, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, - - 2014
The effect of habitual, high-intensity exercise training on the progression of atherosclerosis is unclear. We assessed indices of vascular health (central systolic blood pressure (SBP) and arterial stiffness as well as carotid intima-medial thickness (cIMT)) in addition to cardiovascular risk factors of trained runners versus their untrained spouses or partners ...
Shin Ki Ok KO Laboratory of Exercise Biochemistry, Department of Physical Education, Dong-A University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] We investigated the effect exercise training has on cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) and cardiovascular risk profiles in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). [Subjects] Fifteen type 1 DM children (all boys; 13.0±1.0 years of age) were enrolled in the study. [Methods] The subjects received exercise training three times ...
Pancar Yuksel Esra E Department of Dermatology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun, - - 2014
Background Psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. The heart rate recovery index (HRRI) is an indicator of autonomic nervous system function and is an independent prognostic risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the heart rate recovery ...
Miller Matthew B MB School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada A1C - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine how a high-intensity circuit-training (HICT) program affects key physiological health markers in sedentary obese men. Eight obese (body fat percentage >26%) males completed a four-week HICT program, consisting of three 30-minute exercise sessions per week, for a total of 6 hours of ...
Miller Fred L FL 1Department of Kinesiology, Anderson University, Anderson, IN; 2Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, TX; 3Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; 4Symptom Research CAO, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; and 5Department of Kinesiology, The University of Georgia, Athens, - - 2014
To effectively evaluate activity-based interventions for weight management and disease risk reduction, objective and accurate measures of exercise dose are needed. This study examined cumulative exercise exposure defined by HR-based intensity, duration, and frequency as a measure of compliance with a prescribed exercise program and a predictor of health outcomes. ...
Dhoble Abhijeet A Cardiovascular Health Clinic, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Exercise testing provides valuable information in addition to ST-segment changes. The present study evaluated the associations among exercise test parameters and all-cause mortality in a referral population. We examined conventional cardiovascular risk factors and exercise test parameters in 6546 individuals (mean age 49 years, 58% men) with no known cardiovascular ...
Shaner D Malcolm - - 2014
Religious belief can complicate the usual management of seriously ill patients when the patient is a Jehovah's Witness and the treatment is a blood transfusion. This narrative highlights critical points in a discussion of two cases wherein the process to promote an exercise of free will also becomes an exercise ...
Prakhinkit Susaree S 1 Faculty of Sports Science, Chulalongkorn University , Bangkok, Thailand - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of the novel Buddhism-based walking meditation (BWM) and the traditional walking exercise (TWE) on depression, functional fitness, and vascular reactivity. Design: This was a randomized exercise intervention study. Settings/location: The study was conducted in a university hospital setting. ...
Obling Kirstine Hoj - - 2013
Low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with high risk of non-communicable diseases and all-cause mortality. Physical activity level is the primary determinant of cardiorespiratory fitness in adults. However, knowledge on how to motivate people to engage in physical activity and maintain an active lifestyle is lacking. This study aims ...
Bratberg Jon A JA Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen , Bergen , - - 2013
Aim. Higher systolic exercise blood pressure (BP) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk in hypertension. We aimed at identifying covariates of systolic exercise BP in overweight subjects. Methods. 77 subjects with body mass index (BMI) > 27 kg/m(2) and without known heart disease were tested. BP was measured by sphygmomanometry ...
Parsaei Mohammd Sadegh - - 2013
Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMVD) is often suggested in patients with typical chest pain and abnormal stress test results that are indicative of myocardial ischemia, in who coronary angiography fails to show fixed stenosis in epicardial coronary arteries. The efficacy of : pharmacologic treatment on the clinical outcome remains to be ...
Di Raimondo D - - 2013
Regular exercise demonstrated the ability to provide enormous benefits to many diseases, atherosclerotic-based, degenerative and neoplastic, but also to grant anti-inflammatory actions, assessed by various authors in different populations. Despite of these clear benefits, many patients are unable to attain long-term results through chronic physical activity for different causes. On ...
Liang Huai-Liang - - 2013
Applying Higgins' regulatory focus, which assumes that people pursue goals using means that match their self-regulatory motivation, the authors examined whether individual's promotion- or prevention-focused motivations in work would decrease participation in physical activity. Participants were 197 employees (163 men, 34 women, M age = 39 yr.) in five different ...
Sanghani Nandita B NB Department of Biochemistry, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2013
Current treatment guidelines support the role of lifestyle modification, in terms of increasing the quantity and quality of physical activity to achieve target glycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. To assess the effect of structured exercise training and unstructured physical activity interventions on glycemic control. This was a ...
Mann Steven - - 2013
There is a direct relationship between chronically elevated cholesterol levels (dyslipidaemia) and coronary heart disease. A reduction in total cholesterol is considered the gold standard in preventative cardiovascular medicine. Exercise has been shown to have positive impacts on the pathogenesis, symptomatology and physical fitness of individuals with dyslipidaemia, and to ...
Sylvia Louisa G LG Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Staniford St, Suite 580, Boston, MA 02114, USA ; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
This pilot study examines the proof of concept of a consolidated Nutrition, Exercise, and Wellness Treatment (NEW Tx) for overweight individuals with bipolar disorder. Five participants completed NEW Tx, a 20-week individual cognitive behavioral therapy-based treatment comprising three modules: Nutrition teaches appropriate serving sizes and balanced diet; Exercise emphasizes increasing ...
Colombo Caroline Macoris - - 2013
To evaluate whether a short-term moderate intensity exercise program could change inflammatory parameters, and improve different components of metabolic syndrome in sedentary patients. Sixteen patients completed the 12-week program of supervised exercise, which consisted of a 40 to 50 minutes of walking, 3 times a week, reaching 50 to 60% ...
Nyberg Sofia S Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University , Linköping , - - 2013
The improvement of insulin sensitivity by exercise has been shown to be inhibited by supplementation of vitamins acting as antioxidants. To examine effects of exercise with or without blueberries, containing natural antioxidants, on cardio-metabolic risk factors. Fifteen healthy men and 17 women, 27.6 ± 6.5 years old, were recruited, and ...
Uemura H - - 2013
Background: Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) has recently drawn attention because of its potential to prevent weight gain. Aim: This study evaluated the relationships between the duration of daily non-sedentary activities and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in the Japanese population. Material/Subjects and Methods: A total of 518 ...
Racil G - - 2013
We investigate the effects of 12-week interval training of moderate- or high-intensity exercise on blood lipids and plasma levels of adiponectin. Thirty-four obese adolescent females [age = 15.9 ± 0.3 years; BMI and BMI-Z-score = 30.8 ± 1.6 kg/m(2) and 3 ± 0.3, respectively], were randomized to high-intensity interval training (HIIT, n = 11), moderate-intensity interval training (MIIT, n = 11), or a ...
Choi Hae Yoon HY Corresponding author: Kyung Mook Choi, - - 2013
To examine the effect of a combined exercise program on C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein (CTRP) 3 and CTRP-5 levels and novel adiponectin paralogs suggested to be links between metabolism and inflammation and to evaluate sex differences and association with cardiometabolic risk factors in humans with use of a newly developed ...
Dalleck Lance C - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of a community-based exercise program to lower metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors. METHODS: MetS components were retrospectively analyzed in 332 adults (190 women, 142 men) before and after a 14-week supervised community exercise program between January 2007 and ...
Ziolkowski Wieslaw - - 2013
The meaning of cholesterol pool reduction in heart mitochondria after exercise is still unknown phenomenon. Therefore, the aim of the study was to establish whether the decreased cholesterol content in heart mitochondria caused by prolonged swimming may provoke changes in their bioenergetics and affect resistance to calcium chloride-induced mitochondrial swelling. ...
Sasso Elizabeth - - 2013
: People with spinal cord injury (SCI) have limited options for aerobic exercise. Existing options are often difficult to access, or they result in muscle imbalances that can eventually contribute to joint dysfunction. These difficulties can cause individuals to live a more sedentary lifestyle, putting them at greater risk for ...
Buchan Duncan S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With accumulating evidence suggesting that CVD has its origins in childhood, the purpose of this study was to examine whether a high intensity training (HIT) intervention could enhance the CVD risk profile of secondary school aged adolescents in a time efficient manner. METHODS: Participants in the study were adolescent ...
Faulkner James - - 2013
The objective of this study was to conduct a randomized, parallel-group clinical trial assessed the efficacy of a health-enhancing physical activity program (exercise and education) on vascular risk factors and aerobic fitness in patients who have experienced a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or nondisabling stroke. Sixty patients (69 ± 11 years) completed a ...
Mikus Catherine R CR Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2013
This study sought to determine if simvastatin impairs exercise training adaptations. Statins are commonly prescribed in combination with therapeutic lifestyle changes, including exercise, to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in patients with metabolic syndrome. Statin use has been linked to skeletal muscle myopathy and impaired mitochondrial function, but it is unclear ...
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