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Marongiu Elisabetta - - 2014
A great bulk of evidence supports the concept that regular exercise training can reduce the incidence of coronary events and increase survival chances after myocardial infarction. These exercise-induced beneficial effects on the myocardium are reached by means of the reduction of several risk factors relating to cardiovascular disease, such as ...
Gany Francesca F Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 300 E. 66th St., 15th Floor, New York, NY, 10065, - - 2014
There is considerable evidence demonstrating the positive impact of pedometers and walking programs for increasing physical activity and reducing risk for cardiovascular disease among diverse populations. However, no interventions have been targeted towards South Asian taxi drivers, a population that may be at high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Supporting ...
Pan Xiaogui X Department of Physical Education - - 2014
Abstract Objective was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi exercise on nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) levels, and blood pressure (BP) in patients with essential hypertension (EH). EH patients were assigned to the Tai Chi exercise group (HTC, n = 24), and hypertension group (HP, n = 16) ...
Kim Dae-Young DY Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study investigated the effects of regular exercise on the improvement of free fatty acid (FFA) levels and metabolic risk factors of stroke patients. [Methods] The subjects were 20 male patients aged 47-59 years who were diagnosed as having hemiplegia resulting from stroke. Exercise was conducted using a stationary ...
Mora-Rodriguez R R Exercise Physiology Laboratory and GENUD Group University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise training can improve health of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, which MetS factors are most responsive to exercise training remains unclear. We studied the time-course of changes in MetS factors in response to training and detraining. Forty eight MetS patients (52 ± 8.8 yrs old; 33 ± 4 BMI) underwent 4 months (3 ...
Taylor Beth A BA Department of Cardiology, Henry Low Heart Center, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, - - 2014
The effect of habitual, high-intensity exercise training on the progression of atherosclerosis is unclear. We assessed indices of vascular health (central systolic blood pressure (SBP) and arterial stiffness as well as carotid intima-medial thickness (cIMT)) in addition to cardiovascular risk factors of trained runners versus their untrained spouses or partners ...
Shin Ki Ok KO Laboratory of Exercise Biochemistry, Department of Physical Education, Dong-A University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] We investigated the effect exercise training has on cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) and cardiovascular risk profiles in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). [Subjects] Fifteen type 1 DM children (all boys; 13.0±1.0 years of age) were enrolled in the study. [Methods] The subjects received exercise training three times ...
Pancar Yuksel Esra E Department of Dermatology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun, - - 2014
Background Psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. The heart rate recovery index (HRRI) is an indicator of autonomic nervous system function and is an independent prognostic risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the heart rate recovery ...
Dhoble Abhijeet A Cardiovascular Health Clinic, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Exercise testing provides valuable information in addition to ST-segment changes. The present study evaluated the associations among exercise test parameters and all-cause mortality in a referral population. We examined conventional cardiovascular risk factors and exercise test parameters in 6546 individuals (mean age 49 years, 58% men) with no known cardiovascular ...
Miller Matthew B MB School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada A1C - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine how a high-intensity circuit-training (HICT) program affects key physiological health markers in sedentary obese men. Eight obese (body fat percentage >26%) males completed a four-week HICT program, consisting of three 30-minute exercise sessions per week, for a total of 6 hours of ...
Prakhinkit Susaree S 1 Faculty of Sports Science, Chulalongkorn University , Bangkok, Thailand - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of the novel Buddhism-based walking meditation (BWM) and the traditional walking exercise (TWE) on depression, functional fitness, and vascular reactivity. Design: This was a randomized exercise intervention study. Settings/location: The study was conducted in a university hospital setting. ...
Obling Kirstine Hoj - - 2013
Low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with high risk of non-communicable diseases and all-cause mortality. Physical activity level is the primary determinant of cardiorespiratory fitness in adults. However, knowledge on how to motivate people to engage in physical activity and maintain an active lifestyle is lacking. This study aims ...
Bratberg Jon A JA Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen , Bergen , - - 2013
Aim. Higher systolic exercise blood pressure (BP) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk in hypertension. We aimed at identifying covariates of systolic exercise BP in overweight subjects. Methods. 77 subjects with body mass index (BMI) > 27 kg/m(2) and without known heart disease were tested. BP was measured by sphygmomanometry ...
Parsaei Mohammd Sadegh - - 2013
Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMVD) is often suggested in patients with typical chest pain and abnormal stress test results that are indicative of myocardial ischemia, in who coronary angiography fails to show fixed stenosis in epicardial coronary arteries. The efficacy of : pharmacologic treatment on the clinical outcome remains to be ...
Di Raimondo D - - 2013
Regular exercise demonstrated the ability to provide enormous benefits to many diseases, atherosclerotic-based, degenerative and neoplastic, but also to grant anti-inflammatory actions, assessed by various authors in different populations. Despite of these clear benefits, many patients are unable to attain long-term results through chronic physical activity for different causes. On ...
Liang Huai-Liang - - 2013
Applying Higgins' regulatory focus, which assumes that people pursue goals using means that match their self-regulatory motivation, the authors examined whether individual's promotion- or prevention-focused motivations in work would decrease participation in physical activity. Participants were 197 employees (163 men, 34 women, M age = 39 yr.) in five different ...
Sanghani Nandita B NB Department of Biochemistry, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2013
Current treatment guidelines support the role of lifestyle modification, in terms of increasing the quantity and quality of physical activity to achieve target glycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. To assess the effect of structured exercise training and unstructured physical activity interventions on glycemic control. This was a ...
Mann Steven - - 2013
There is a direct relationship between chronically elevated cholesterol levels (dyslipidaemia) and coronary heart disease. A reduction in total cholesterol is considered the gold standard in preventative cardiovascular medicine. Exercise has been shown to have positive impacts on the pathogenesis, symptomatology and physical fitness of individuals with dyslipidaemia, and to ...
Sylvia Louisa G LG Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Staniford St, Suite 580, Boston, MA 02114, USA ; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
This pilot study examines the proof of concept of a consolidated Nutrition, Exercise, and Wellness Treatment (NEW Tx) for overweight individuals with bipolar disorder. Five participants completed NEW Tx, a 20-week individual cognitive behavioral therapy-based treatment comprising three modules: Nutrition teaches appropriate serving sizes and balanced diet; Exercise emphasizes increasing ...
Colombo Caroline Macoris - - 2013
To evaluate whether a short-term moderate intensity exercise program could change inflammatory parameters, and improve different components of metabolic syndrome in sedentary patients. Sixteen patients completed the 12-week program of supervised exercise, which consisted of a 40 to 50 minutes of walking, 3 times a week, reaching 50 to 60% ...
Nyberg Sofia - - 2013
Abstract Background. The improvement of insulin sensitivity by exercise has been shown to be inhibited by supplementation of vitamins acting as antioxidants. Objective. To examine effects of exercise with or without blueberries, containing natural antioxidants, on cardio-metabolic risk factors. Methods. Fifteen healthy men and 17 women, 27.6 ± 6.5 years ...
Uemura H - - 2013
Background: Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) has recently drawn attention because of its potential to prevent weight gain. Aim: This study evaluated the relationships between the duration of daily non-sedentary activities and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in the Japanese population. Material/Subjects and Methods: A total of 518 ...
Racil G - - 2013
We investigate the effects of 12-week interval training of moderate- or high-intensity exercise on blood lipids and plasma levels of adiponectin. Thirty-four obese adolescent females [age = 15.9 ± 0.3 years; BMI and BMI-Z-score = 30.8 ± 1.6 kg/m(2) and 3 ± 0.3, respectively], were randomized to high-intensity interval training (HIIT, n = 11), moderate-intensity interval training (MIIT, n = 11), or a ...
Miller Fred L - - 2013
To effectively evaluate activity-based interventions for weight management and disease risk reduction, objective and accurate measures of exercise dose are needed. This study examined cumulative exercise exposure defined by heart rate-based intensity, duration, and frequency as a measure of compliance with a prescribed exercise program and a predictor of health ...
Choi Hae Yoon - - 2013
OBJECTIVETo examine the effect of a combined exercise program on C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein (CTRP) 3 and CTRP-5 levels and novel adiponectin paralogs suggested to be links between metabolism and inflammation and to evaluate sex differences and association with cardiometabolic risk factors in humans with use of a newly developed ...
Dalleck Lance C - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of a community-based exercise program to lower metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors. METHODS: MetS components were retrospectively analyzed in 332 adults (190 women, 142 men) before and after a 14-week supervised community exercise program between January 2007 and ...
Ziolkowski Wieslaw - - 2013
The meaning of cholesterol pool reduction in heart mitochondria after exercise is still unknown phenomenon. Therefore, the aim of the study was to establish whether the decreased cholesterol content in heart mitochondria caused by prolonged swimming may provoke changes in their bioenergetics and affect resistance to calcium chloride-induced mitochondrial swelling. ...
Sasso Elizabeth - - 2013
: People with spinal cord injury (SCI) have limited options for aerobic exercise. Existing options are often difficult to access, or they result in muscle imbalances that can eventually contribute to joint dysfunction. These difficulties can cause individuals to live a more sedentary lifestyle, putting them at greater risk for ...
Buchan Duncan S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With accumulating evidence suggesting that CVD has its origins in childhood, the purpose of this study was to examine whether a high intensity training (HIT) intervention could enhance the CVD risk profile of secondary school aged adolescents in a time efficient manner. METHODS: Participants in the study were adolescent ...
Faulkner James - - 2013
The objective of this study was to conduct a randomized, parallel-group clinical trial assessed the efficacy of a health-enhancing physical activity program (exercise and education) on vascular risk factors and aerobic fitness in patients who have experienced a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or nondisabling stroke. Sixty patients (69 ± 11 years) completed a ...
Mikus Catherine R - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Determine if simvastatin impairs exercise training adaptations. BACKGROUND: Statins are commonly prescribed in combination with therapeutic lifestyle changes, including exercise, to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in patients with the metabolic syndrome. Statin use has been linked to skeletal muscle myopathy and impaired mitochondrial function, but it is unclear whether ...
Pattyn Nele - - 2013
Numerous meta-analyses have investigated the effect of exercise in different populations and for single cardiovascular risk factors, but none have specifically focused on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients and the concomitant effect of exercise on all associated cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this article was to perform a systematic ...
Mathunjwa Musa Lewis - - 2013
The prevalence of obesity and associated cardiometabolic disease (CMD) is increasing among Black African women and requires urgent attention in the form of preventive strategies. To date, there is limited scientific evidence highlighting the efficacy of Tae-bo as an intervention for reducing weight and CMD risk factors. Prospective experimental. South ...
Suzuki Takao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To examine the effect of multicomponent exercise program on memory function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and identify biomarkers associated with improvement of cognitive functions. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Subjects were 100 older adults (mean age, 75 years) with MCI. The subjects were classified to an amnestic MCI ...
Tjønna Arnt Erik - - 2013
Regular exercise training improves maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), but the optimal intensity and volume necessary to obtain maximal benefit remains to be defined. A growing body of evidence suggests that exercise training with low-volume but high-intensity may be a time-efficient means to achieve health benefits. In the present study, we ...
García Juan P F JP Physical Activity and Sport Sciences Faculty, Extremadura University , Cáceres, - - 2013
The aims of this study were to measure the effects of a cardiac rehabilitation program based on a modification of a sport (tennis) on quality of life, on various laboratory test parameters and on an exercise stress test, and to determine if the results of this novel activity are equivalent ...
Seo Dae Yun - - 2012
Aged garlic extract (AGE) is known to have a protective effect against immune system, endothelial function, oxidative stress and inflammation. We examined the effects of exercise with and without aged garlic extract administration on body weight, lipid profiles, inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress marker in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats. ...
Salzwedel Annett - - 2012
Background: Outcome quality management requires the consecutive registration of defined variables. The aim was to identify relevant parameters in order to objectively assess the in-patient rehabilitation outcome.Methods: From February 2009 to June 2010 1253 patients (70.9 ± 7.0 years, 78.1% men) at 12 rehabilitation clinics were enrolled. Items concerning sociodemographic ...
Wilks Désirée C - - 2012
Background: Impaired heart rate recovery (HRR) is a strong predictor of overall mortality and cardio-metabolic risk. This study aimed at investigating (1) the effect of participation in a lifestyle-change programme for weight loss on HRR in overweight and obese children and (2) potential associations between the changes in one minute ...
Cox-York Kimberly A KA University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, USA. - - 2013
Exercise has been suggested to have cardioprotective benefits due to a lowering of postprandial triglycerides (PPTG). We hypothesized that a morning exercise bout would significantly lower PPTG measured over a full day, in response to moderate fat meals (35% energy) in men more so than women, and in metabolic syndrome ...
Oldridge Neil - - 2012
Cardiac rehabilitation that includes either exercise training alone or exercise training in addition to psychosocial, risk factor management and/or educational interventions is considered a Class I indication [i.e., useful and effective] for patients with coronary heart disease. This overview of six independent cardiac rehabilitation meta-analyses published since 2000 includes a ...
Sadeghi Masoumeh - - 2012
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death and disability all over the world. A sedentary lifestyle and dyslipidemia are known to be the major risk factors, which play an important role in the progression of coronary artery disease. Regarding gender differences, the risk of developing coronary heart ...
Vierck H B - - 2012
Oxidative stress is supposed to be responsible for a diversity of diseases. For protection purposes, the human organism exhibits a line-up of antioxidant substances functioning as radical catchers. As a result of neutralization of free radicals, antioxidants are destroyed. Therefore, the degradation of the antioxidants can be utilized as an ...
Boström Pontus - - 2012
Exercise benefits a variety of organ systems in mammals, and some of the best-recognized effects of exercise on muscle are mediated by the transcriptional co-activator PPAR-γ co-activator-1 α (PGC1-α). Here we show in mouse that PGC1-α expression in muscle stimulates an increase in expression of FNDC5, a membrane protein that ...
Gordon Lorenzo - - 2012
Dyslipidemia has been established as a well-known traditional risk factor for cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease patients. This study investigated the impact of Hatha yoga exercise on lipid parameters in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. This prospective randomized study consisted of 33 ESRD patients in the ...
Uemura Kazuki - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of exercise intervention on vascular risk factors in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Community-dwelling older adults who met the definition of MCI using the Petersen criteria (n = 100; mean age = 75.3 years) were randomly allocated to ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2012
It is well established that the excess cellular cholesterol concentration, as well as high density lipoprotein (HDL) and total cholesterol levels are strongly correlated with the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD). Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is a term used to describe the efflux of excess cellular cholesterol. ABCG8 is ...
Greenwood Tracey C - - 2011
Physical fitness expressed through exercise can be, if done with the right intention, a form of spiritual discipline that reflects the relational love of humanity to God as well as an expression of a healthy love of the embodied self. Through an analysis of the physiological benefits of exercise science ...
Basnayake Shanika D - - 2011
There is abundant animal data attempting to identify the neural circuitry involved in cardiovascular control. Translating this research into humans has been made possible using functional neurosurgery during which deep brain stimulating electrodes are implanted into various brain nuclei for the treatment of chronic pain and movement disorders. This not ...
Velasco John Mark S - - 2011
Laboratory-based surveillance for diarrheal and respiratory illness was conducted at the 2009 Republic of the Philippines-United States Balikatan exercise to determine the presence of specific pathogens endemic in the locations where the military exercises were conducted. Ten stool and 6 respiratory specimens were obtained from individuals meeting case definitions for ...
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