Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 813
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Chiou S-S - - 2008
Betel-quid is widely used around the world as a stimulant for the autonomic nervous system. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of betel-quid chewing on autonomic nervous modulation by using spectral heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Twenty healthy young adults were included in this study. Each ...
Negrao Carlos Eduardo - - 2008
Although neurohumoral excitation is the hallmark of heart failure (HF), the mechanisms underlying this alteration are not entirely known. Abnormalities in several systems contribute to neurohumoral excitation in HF, including arterial and cardiopulmonary baroreceptors, central and peripheral chemoreceptors, cardiac chemoreceptors, and central nervous system abnormalities. Exercise intolerance is characteristic of ...
McKelvie Robert S - - 2008
Heart failure (HF) patients are often counseled to limit their physical activity, however, this advice may not be appropriate. Data has accumulated supporting the effectiveness of exercise training to improve fitness levels and symptoms. There are also data suggesting that training may reduce mortality and morbidity in HF patients. Studies ...
Cavallari Jennifer M - - 2008
Although research suggests that particles influence cardiac autonomic response as evidenced by decreases in heart rate variability (HRV), the time course of the response remains unclear. Using a crossover panel study, we monitored 36 male boilermaker welders, occupationally exposed to metal-rich particulate matter (PM) to investigate the temporal trend of ...
de la Cruz Torres B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyse HRV at rest in healthy people and in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and how it changes during aerobic exercise. METHODS: The heartbeat signal was recorded beat to beat for 15 minutes at rest and 15 minutes while pedalling in 10 healthy and active men (H ...
Karavirta Laura - - 2008
Large interindividual variation in maximal heart rate (HRmax) may not be accounted for by age alone. In order to evaluate a novel method in the prediction of HRmax, this study examined the profile of HR variability (HRV) during exercise in 40-67 years old men (n = 74). R-R intervals were ...
Princi Tanja - - 2008
Studies of autonomic cardiac nervous system activity during acute exposure to hypobaric hypoxia have suggested a depression of autonomic functions and a shift in the sympatho-vagal balance towards relatively more sympathetic and less parasympathetic activity at higher hypoxic levels . This study was performed on nine non-acclimatized middle-aged healthy men ...
Yetter Mike - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of performing heavy back squats (HBS) and heavy front squats (HFS) on the average speed during each 10-m interval of 40-m sprint trials. In a randomized, cross-over design, 10 strength-trained men performed a HBS, HFS, or control treatment before ...
Earnest Conrad P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with a higher risk of mortality. Overall, postmenopausal women have lower levels of HRV than premenopausal women, which may be additionally complicated by lifestyle related behaviors such as physical inactivity and obesity. Though cardiorespiratory exercise training increases HRV, little is known regarding ...
Yeh Gloria Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the physiological and psychosocial effects of a 12-week T'ai Chi program (TC) in patients with heart failure (HF) as previously reported in a clinical trial. METHODS: We randomized 30 patients with chronic HF (left ventricular ejection fraction < or =40%) to receive TC plus usual care (n ...
Tiinanen Suvi - - 2008
Cardiac baroreflex is described by baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) from blood pressure and heart rate interval (RRi) fluctuations. However, respiration affects both blood pressure and RRi via mechanisms that are not necessarily of baroreflex origin. To separate the effects of baroreflex and respiration, metronome-guided breathing in a high frequency band (HF, ...
Henley Charles E - - 2008
The relationship between osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) and the autonomic nervous system has long been acknowledged, but is poorly understood. In an effort to define this relationship, cervical myofascial release was used as the OMT technique with heart rate variability (HRV) as a surrogate for autonomic activity. This study quantifies ...
Tobaldini Eleonora - - 2008
Hyperthyroidism is a pathological condition characterized by an altered autonomic cardiovascular control, resulting in an increase of the sympathetic and a decrease of the parasympathetic modulation of heart rate variability. Recently, the entropy-based indices derived from short-term heart period variability have been proved to be helpful in evaluating the autonomic ...
Magagnin V - - 2008
Robotic assisted locomotion systems are recently gaining appreciation as methods to rehabilitate individuals with lost sensory motor function. In the present study we compare autoregressive power spectral analysis and empirical mode decomposition (EMD) applied to the analysis of short-term heart period variability regarding their ability to typify autonomic response during ...
Melott Adrian L - - 2008
Time series analysis of fossil biodiversity of marine invertebrates in the Paleobiology Database (PBDB) shows a significant periodicity at approximately 63 My, in agreement with previous analyses based on the Sepkoski database. I discuss how this result did not appear in a previous analysis of the PBDB. The existence of ...
Lefèvre Emilie - - 2008
Eukaryotic microorganisms have been undersampled in biodiversity studies in freshwater environments. We present an original 18S rDNA survey of freshwater picoeukaryotes sampled during spring/summer 2005, complementing an earlier study conducted in autumn 2004 in Lake Pavin (France). These studies were designed to detect the small unidentified heterotrophic flagellates (HF, 0.6-5 ...
Kaikkonen P - - 2008
Methodological problems have limited the number of studies on heart rate variability (HRV) dynamics immediately after exercise. We used the short-time Fourier transform method to study immediate (5 min) and slow (30 min) recovery of HRV after different high-intensity exercise interventions. Eight male athletes performed two interval interventions at 85% ...
Yerdelen Deniz - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There are reports proposing that migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) may affect the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Abnormalities in both sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system have been suggested in migraineurs. However, in TTH, reports on the ANS function are limited and only associated with sympathetic system. Techniques for evaluating ...
Yazici Mehmet - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercise on maximum QTc interval (QTcmax) and QTc dispersion (QTcd) in diabetic patients without clinically evident heart disease. METHODS: Seventy-six diabetic patients who had no coronary artery disease or hypertension (group I; mean age 48 +/- 9 years ...
Yerdelen Deniz - - 2007
The pathogenesis of tension-type headache (TTH) is poorly understood. TTH is mostly associated with the sympathetic nervous system. Reports considering autonomic nervous system functioning with regard to TTH are limited. Autonomic nervous system disorders could however play a role in the etiopathology of TTH. Compared with sympathetic nervous system functioning, ...
Khattab Kerstin - - 2007
Relaxation techniques are established in managing of cardiac patients during rehabilitation aiming to reduce future adverse cardiac events. It has been hypothesized that relaxation-training programs may significantly improve cardiac autonomic nervous tone. However, this has not been proven for all available relaxation techniques. We tested this assumption by investigating cardiac ...
Sheppard Richard J - - 2007
Heart rate recovery (HRR) within the first few minutes of graded exercise has been associated with impaired clinical outcomes in patients being evaluated for coronary artery disease. HRR is abnormal in patients with heart failure (HF), but has not been associated with clinical outcomes in these patients. The objective of ...
Heffernan Kevin S - - 2007
Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise and spectral decomposition of heart rate variability (HRV), measures of autonomic nervous system function, are predictors of cardiovascular morbidity/mortality. QT interval, an index of ventricular depolarization and repolarization attained from surface ECG, is also associated with morbidity/mortality and is strongly influenced by autonomic tone. ...
Alves Maria Janieire N N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Blunted reflex muscle vasodilatory response during exercise in heart failure (HF) patients may be secondary to augmented vasoconstriction. We tested the hypothesis that the exaggerated sympathetic nerve activity restrains the reflex muscle vasodilatation during exercise in HF patients. METHODS: We studied the reflex vasodilatory response (plethysmography) during 3 min ...
Sathyaprabha T N - - 2008
The practice of yoga regulates body physiology through control of posture, breathing, and meditation. Effects of yoga on autonomic functions of patients with refractory epilepsy, as quantified by standardized autonomic function tests (AFTs), were determined. The yoga group (n=18) received supervised training in yoga, and the exercise group (n=16) practiced ...
Figueroa Arturo - - 2008
Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by generalized muscle pain, low muscle strength and autonomic dysfunction. Heart rate (HR) variability (HRV) is reduced in individuals with FM increasing their risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We tested the hypothesis that resistance exercise training (RET) improves HRV, baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and muscle strength ...
Brown S J - - 2007
Normoxic hypercapnia may increase high-frequency (HF) power in heart rate variability (HRV) and also increase respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). Low-frequency (LF) power may remain unchanged. In this study, 5-min ECG recordings (N = 10) were analyzed in time and frequency domains while human subjects breathed normoxic 5% CO2 (5%CO2) or ...
Sabino George S - - 2008
Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) is a noninvasive treatment used in physiotherapy practice to promote analgesia in acute and chronic inflammatory conditions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the action mechanism of TENS at high (HF: 130 Hz) and low (LF: 10 Hz) frequencies in an inflammation ...
Chen Su-Ru - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Type 1 diabetes is commonly associated with autonomic neuropathy. The present study investigated the influences of glycemic control, disease duration (DD), and exercise on autonomic nervous function in children with type 1 diabetes by analysis of their heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: Seventy-nine type 1 diabetic children were recruited ...
Kamath M V MV Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2007
Distension and electrical stimuli in the esophagus alter heart rate variability (HRV) consistent with activation of vagal afferent and efferent pathways. Sham feeding stimulates gastric acid secretion by means of vagal efferent pathways. It is not known, however, whether activation of vagal efferent pathways is organ- or stimulus-specific. To test ...
Leicht Anthony S - - 2008
This study examined the effect of exercise mode on geometrical, and time and frequency domain measures of heart rate variability (HRV) during steady-state, moderate intensity exercise of the same HR. Seventeen healthy, active male participants volunteered for this study and completed a treadmill VO2max determination. One week later, cardiorespiratory, perceptual ...
Heffernan Kevin S - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine heart rate recovery (HRR) and linear/nonlinear heart rate variability (HRV) before and after resistance training. Fourteen young men (25.0 +/- 1.1 yr of age) completed a crossover design consisting of a 4-wk time-control period, 6 wk of resistance training (3 days/wk), and ...
Heffernan K S - - 2008
Acute resistance exercise (RE) has been shown to reduce cardiac vagal control. Whether this would in turn affect QTc interval (an index of ventricular depolarization/repolarization) or heart rate complexity is not known. Heart rate variability (HRV), heart rate complexity (SampEn), and QT interval (rate corrected using Bazett, Fridericia, Hodges, and ...
Kiviniemi Antti M - - 2007
Purpose of this study was to test utility of heart rate variability (HRV) in daily endurance exercise prescriptions. Twenty-six healthy, moderately fit males were randomized into predefined training group (TRA, n = 8), HRV-guided training group (HRV, n = 9), and control group (n = 9). Four-week training period consisted ...
Staab Jeffrey P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to validate the clinical diagnosis of autonomic dizziness as a cause of chronic nonvertiginous dizziness that may be exacerbated by physical exertion or orthostatic challenges, estimate its prevalence in a tertiary referral population, and investigate the usefulness of three autonomic challenges as objective ...
Niewiadomski W - - 2007
Wingate test is short anaerobic exercise, performed with maximal power, whereas aerobic exercise at 85% maximal heart rate (HR(max)) may be performed for long period. Sustained HR elevations and changes in autonomic activity indices have been observed after latter kind of exercise. Several studies reported reduction in mean interval between ...
Phongsuphap Sukanya - - 2008
This study aims at investigating changes in heart rate variability (HRV) measured during meditation. The statistical and spectral measures of HRV from the RR intervals were analyzed. Results indicate that meditation may have different effects on health depending on frequency of the resonant peak that each meditator can achieve. The ...
Takahashi Makoto - - 2007
Heart rate (HR) is controlled solely by via cardiac parasympathetic outflow in tetraplegic individuals, who lack supraspinal control of sympathetic outflows and circulating catecholamines but have intact vagal pathways. A high-frequency component (HF; at 0.15-0.40 Hz) of the power spectrum of HR variability and its relative value against total power ...
Ritter Steffen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A clear definition of pitch and timbre is still an open debate and often both terms are mixed up in investigations of tone height. However, fundamental frequency (f(0)) and spectral envelope of a sound play a major role in the perception of tone height. Recent electrophysiological experiments showed that ...
Schmitt L - - 2008
We analyzed the relationship between aerobic capacities and changes in heart rate variability (HRV) in Nordic-skiers during living high-training low (Hi-Lo). Eleven skiers trained for 18 days at 1200 m, sleeping at 1200 m (LL, n = 5) or in hypoxic rooms (HL, n = 6, 3 x 6 days ...
Grote V - - 2007
The therapeutic application of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) can accelerate healing after bone fractures and also alleviate pain according to several studies. However, no objective criteria have been available to ensure appropriate magnetic field strength or type of electromagnetic field. Moreover, few studies so far have investigated the physical principles ...
Notarius Catherine F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of sympathetic activation in chronic heart failure is assumed to be independent of its cause. However, because a higher sympathetic component of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) has been reported, we hypothesized that patients with ICM would have a higher resting muscle ...
Austin Marilyn A - - 2007
The current study provides the first published evidence that the parasympathetic component of the autonomic nervous system differentiates the response profiles between individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and controls. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a non-invasive marker of the influence of the myelinated vagal fibers on the heart, and ...
Kawasaki Tatsuya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) often develop myocardial ischemia in association with abnormal blood pressure response to exercise. Vagal nerves mediate cardioinhibitory stimuli, with little knowledge regarding vagal response to myocardial ischemia in patients with HCM. METHODS: Exercise Tc-99m-tetrofosmin myocardial scintigraphy was performed in 59 HCM patients and 39 ...
Campbell Hamish A - - 2007
The extent and efficiency of cardio-respiratory coupling (CRC) in teleost fishes is unclear. We simultaneously monitored heart rate (fH) and ventilation rate (fV) in Paranotothenia angustata, and applied modern power spectral analysis (PSA) mathematics to examine the rate association under varying levels of oxygen consumption (MO2). At low MO2 (0.94 ...
Cavallari Jennifer M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although studies have documented the association between heart rate variability (HRV) and ambient particulate exposures, the association between HRV, especially at night, and metal-rich, occupational particulate exposures remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: Our goal in this study was to investigate the association between long-duration HRV, including nighttime HRV, and occupational PM(2.5) ...
Matveev Mikhail - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an universally accepted method for assessing the heart autonomic balance (HAB). At the same time HRV is a highly specific method, but with a low sensitivity to the cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We found that HRV indices may be applied to obtain differentiated characteristics of ...
Wyller Vegard B - - 2007
Haemodynamic abnormalities have been documented in the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), indicating functional disturbances of the autonomic nervous system responsible for cardiovascular control. This study was designed to explore the pathophysiology in adolescent CFS-patients by analysing RR-interval (RRI) variability and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) variability during mild orthostatic stress, using ...
Iellamo Ferdinando - - 2007
In heart failure (HF), there is a reduced baroreflex sensitivity at rest, and during dynamic exercise there is enhanced muscle metaboreflex activation (MRA). However, how the arterial baroreflex modulates HR during exercise is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (SBRS) is attenuated during exercise in HF and ...
Porta Alberto - - 2007
Complexity (or its opposite, regularity) of heart period variability has been related to age and disease but never linked to a progressive shift of the sympathovagal balance. We compare several well established estimates of complexity of heart period variability based on entropy rates [i.e., approximate entropy (ApEn), sample entropy (SampEn), ...
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