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Swanson Kimberly S - - 2009
Decreased HRV has been consistently associated with increased cardiac mortality and morbidity in HF patients. The aim of this study is to determine if a 6-week course of heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback and breathing retraining could increase exercise tolerance, HRV, and quality of life in patients with New York ...
Heffernan Kevin S - - 2009
African Americans have a greater prevalence of hypertension and diabetes compared with white Americans, and both autonomic dysregulation and inflammation have been implicated in the etiology of these disease states. The purpose of this study was to examine the cardiac autonomic and systemic inflammatory response to resistance training in young ...
Monda M - - 2009
Caffeine induces modifications of activity of the autonomic nervous system. This study analyzed the effect of a cup of espresso coffee on the heart rate variability (HRV) power spectral analysis, which is a method providing evaluation of the sympathetic and parasympathetic discharge. In young, healthy sedentary subjects (10 male, 10 ...
Vallais Frederic - - 2009
In the literature, several methods have been proposed for the assessment of the baroreflex sensitivity from spontaneous variability of heart period and systolic arterial pressure. The present study compares the most utilized approaches for the evaluation of the spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (i.e. sequence-based, spectral, cross-spectral and model-based techniques) over a ...
Piallat Brigitte - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Electrical high-frequency stimulation (HFS) of deep brain structures has been successfully used as a treatment for patients with movement disorders. The mechanisms of HFS allowing therapeutic clinical effects remain unclear, which justifies experimental studies to address these questions. These experiments require an external stimulator, which may offer the possibility ...
Ino-Oka Eiji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Exercise is recommended for the treatment and prevention of cardiac disorders. Relaxation of the sympathetic nervous system has been considered to be one of the therapeutic mechanisms. However, the means by which the level of daily physical activity affects sympathetic activity remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of ...
Buchheit Martin - - 2009
The 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (30-15IFT) is an attractive alternative to classic continuous incremental field tests for defining a reference velocity for interval training prescription in team sport athletes. The aim of the present study was to compare cardiorespiratory and autonomic responses to 30-15IFT with those observed during a standard ...
Puntawangkoon Chirapa C Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA. - - 2009
Older heart failure (HF) patients exhibit exercise intolerance during activities of daily living. We hypothesized that reduced lower extremity blood flow (LBF) due to reduced forward cardiac output would contribute to submaximal exercise intolerance in older HF patients. Twelve HF patients both with preserved and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Wirtz Petra H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To determine the effects of depressive symptom severity on the circulating soluble adhesion molecule response to an acute exercise challenge in patients with heart failure (HF) compared with control subjects. METHODS: Thirty-eight male HF patients and 19 male control subjects (mean age +/- SEM: 55.5 +/- 1.9) completed the ...
Gamelin François-Xavier - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of high intermittent exercise training on children's heart rate variability (HRV). Thirty-eight children (age 9.6 +/- 1.2 years) were divided into an intermittent (IT, n = 22) and a control group (CON, n = 16). At baseline and after a ...
Buchheit M - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of cold water immersion (CWI) on postexercise parasympathetic reactivation. Ten male cyclists (age, 29 +/- 6 yr) performed two repeated supramaximal cycling exercises (SE(1) and SE(2)) interspersed with a 20-min passive recovery period, during which they were randomly assigned ...
Maurer Mathew S MS Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA. - - 2009
Anergia (lack of energy) is a newly delineated, criterion-based geriatric syndrome. Because heart failure (HF) is a common chronic condition among older adults and a because a cardinal symptom of HF is reduced energy, we characterized the degree of anergia in subjects with HF and evaluated its relevance to disease ...
Sztajzel J - - 2008
AIM: Physical training and sport activity have a beneficial effect on cardiac autonomic activity. However, the exact impact of different types of sports disciplines on cardiac autonomic function is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiac autonomic profile in different sports discplines and to determine ...
Colombo Joseph - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To describe early effects of sympathetic (SNS) and parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS) activities measured by heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate variabilities simultaneously with noninvasive hemodynamic patterns in patients with blunt and penetrating trauma. METHODS: Descriptive study of 168 monitored trauma patients in a level I university-run trauma service. ...
Goulopoulou Styliani - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine hemodynamic responses and cardiovascular autonomic regulation following supramaximal exercise. Electrocardiographic R-R intervals and beat-to-beat hemodynamics were recorded before and for 10 min after a 30-s Wingate test in 11 males. Spectral analysis of heart rate (HR) and arterial pressure variability, analysis of ...
Seifert Georg - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The importance of mind-body oriented therapies in oncology has increased in recent years. Eurythmy therapy (EYT, Greek: eurythmy=harmonious rhythm) is a mind-body oriented therapy used in Anthroposophic Medicine. EYT can lead to long-term alleviation of chronic disease symptoms and improve patient quality of life. Yet, little is known about ...
Buchheit M - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise-induced plasma volume expansion on post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation. Before (D(0)) and 2 days after (D(+2)) a supramaximal exercise session, 11 men (21.4 +/- 2.6 years and BMI = 23.0 +/- 1.4) performed 6-min of submaximal running where heart rate ...
Nowak Jennifer A - - 2009
Our prior studies indicated that postural fainting relates to thoracic hypovolemia. A supranormal increase in initial vascular resistance was sustained by increased peripheral resistance until late during head-up tilt (HUT), whereas splanchnic resistance, cardiac output, and blood pressure (BP) decreased throughout HUT. Our aim in the present study was to ...
Troubat Nicolas - - 2009
We have studied the physiological consequences of the tension caused by playing chess in 20 male chess players, by following heart rate, heart rate variability, and respiratory variables. We observed significant increase in the heart rate (75-86 beats/min), in the ratio low frequency (LF)/high frequency (HF) of heart rate variability ...
Suzuki Shigehiro - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the timing of recovery of the high-frequency (HF) component of heart rate variability (HRV) after exercise in female distance runners using frequency analysis of HRV. Twenty-two female young (n=11; YG) and middle-aged (n=11; MG) distance runners participated in this study. The two ...
Chang Rei-Yeuh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of t'ai chi (TC) on heart rate variability (HRV) from baseline to 9 months in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). DESIGN: A comparative trial was undertaken comparing the acute and long-term effect of TC on HRV in patients ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2008
AIMS: Exercise intolerance occurs in both systolic and diastolic heart failure (HF). Exercise oscillatory breathing (EOB) is a powerful predictor of survival in patients with systolic HF. In diastolic HF, EOB prevalence and prognostic impact are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 556 HF patients (405 with systolic HF ...
Wu Shr-Da - - 2008
Phenomenon of the heart rate variability (HRV) during various meditation techniques has been reported. However, most of these techniques emphasized the skill of slow breathing (<0.15 Hz). This paper reports our study on HRV during meditation which emphasizes inward attention. Inward attention has been an important approach for the Zen-meditation ...
Ebara Takeshi - - 2008
Adjustable sit-stand workstations, which are designed to allow workers to sit and stand autonomously while working, were examined to identify the effects on workers' musculoskeletal discomfort, alertness and performance. Twenty-four healthy subjects participated in the study. The subjects were required to do an English transcription task for 150 min under ...
Vanderlei L C M - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to compare heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and during exercise using a temporal series obtained with the Polar S810i monitor and a signal from a LYNX(R) signal conditioner (BIO EMG 1000 model) with a channel configured for the acquisition of ECG signals. ...
Meert Natalie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although different on-line convective removal strategies are available, there are no studies comparing the efficiency of solute removal for the three main options [post-dilution haemodiafiltration (post-HDF), pre-dilution haemodiafiltration (pre-HDF) and pre-dilution haemofiltration (pre-HF)] in parallel. METHODS: In this study, we compared post-HDF (Polyflux 170), pre-HDF (Polyflux 170) and pre-HF ...
Arena Ross - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The heart rate increase during exercise (DeltaHR) and heart rate recovery (HRR) have demonstrated prognostic value in several investigations, but its application in the heart failure (HF) population is limited, particularly in a beta-blocked (BB) cohort. METHODS: Five-hundred and twenty subjects with HF underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing to determine ...
Collier S R - - 2009
AIM: Cardiac autonomic modulation and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) are altered in individuals with hypertension. Aerobic exercise (AE) training has been shown to improve both measures, yet little is known about the effects of resistance exercise (RE). The purpose of this study was to examine the heart rate variability (HRV) and ...
Hédreville Mona - - 2008
This study compared the nocturnal autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in seven sickle cell trait (SCT) carriers and six subjects with normal hemoglobin in response to exercise Sympathetic and parasympathetic indices of nocturnal ANS were measured in the two groups before and 24 and 48 h after a strenuous exercise ...
Dampney R A L - - 2008
Defensive behaviour evoked by mild or moderate psychological stress as well as increased activity and arousal are part of everyday life in humans and other animals. Both defensive behaviour and exercise are associated with marked and often quite stereotyped changes in autonomic and respiratory function. These patterned responses are generated ...
Andrzejak Ryszard - - 2008
It is possible that electromagnetic field (EMF) generated by mobile phones (MP) may have an influence on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and modulates the function of circulatory system. The aim of the study was to estimate the influence of the call with a mobile phone on heart rate variability ...
Zheng Aisong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: CoQ10 has come to be widely used as a dietary supplement, and daily intake of it has increased in recent years. CoQ10 is produced in all living organisms and is an essential coenzyme for energy synthesis in the mitochondria and an important scavenger of reactive oxygen species. OBJECTIVE: This ...
Nolan Robert P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is reported as a surrogate index for clinical outcome in trials of secondary prevention strategies for coronary artery disease (CAD), but a standardized guide for interpreting HRV change is not established. DESIGN: We evaluated HRV change in trials with CAD patients who received conventional medications ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2009
Previous research has demonstrated an increase in large vessel stiffness in patients with heart failure (HF). Furthermore, heart rate recovery (HRR) may be negatively impacted by increased arterial stiffness secondary to altered baroreceptor discharge. The purpose of the present study was to determine if chronic phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibition with ...
Klemenc Matjaz - - 2008
Cardiac arrhythmias are associated with an increase in sympathetic activity (reflected in increased heart rate) and a simultaneous decrease in rhythmical fluctuations of sympathetic activity [reflected in decreased heart rate variability (HRV)]. As hypoxia is a well known trigger for cardiac arrhythmias, and carbohydrate loading a known sympatho-excitatory stimulus, the ...
Gilder Michael - - 2008
Physically active individuals demonstrate increased heart rate variability (HRV) during rest compared to sedentary individuals, but the impact of different volumes of regular exercise on the HRV response to postural change is not well understood. This study investigates change in HRV following orthostasis in seventy-two young women who exercise at ...
Moffitt Julia A - - 2008
The hindlimb-unloaded (HU) rat model elicits cardiovascular deconditioning and simulates the physiological adaptations to microgravity or prolonged bed rest in humans. Although psychological deficits have been documented following bed rest and spaceflight in humans, few studies have explored the psychological effects of cardiovascular deconditioning in animal models. Given the bidirectional ...
Cottin François - - 2008
The aim of the study was to assess the instantaneous spectral components of heart rate variability (HRV) and systolic blood pressure variability (SBPV) and determine the low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency baroreflex sensitivity (HF-BRS) during a graded maximal exercise test. The first hypothesis was that the hyperpnea elicited by heavy exercise ...
Tezini Geisa C S V - - 2008
We have investigated the ovariectomy effects on the cardiovascular autonomic adaptations induced by aerobic physical training and the role played by nitric oxide (NO). Female Wistar rats (n=70) were divided into five groups: Sedentary Sham (SS); Trained Sham (TS); Trained Hypertensive Sham treated with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (THS); Trained ...
Leicht A S - - 2008
Previous studies have demonstrated the high reproducibility of heart rate variability (HRV) measures in adults while little information exists concerning HRV reproducibility in children. Subsequently, the aim of the current study was to examine the moderate-term reproducibility of heart rate and frequency domain measures of HRV during rest and light ...
Rickards Caroline A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: In the setting of remote military triage, when physical access to the patient is not possible, traditional physiological measurements available to a combat medic may not differentiate between a wounded soldier and an active soldier. We tested the hypothesis that changes in high-frequency R-R interval spectral power (RRI HF) ...
Martinmäki Kaisu - - 2008
We evaluated the effects of low-dose endurance training on autonomic HR control. We assessed the heart rate variability (HRV) of 11 untrained male subjects (36.8 +/- 7.2 years) at rest and during an incremental maximal aerobic exercise test prior to a 7-week preparatory period and prior to and following a ...
Sousa Lidiane - - 2009
Regular exercise training is considered to be capable of beneficially modifying the autonomic balance in healthy subjects. We studied the association between vagal HRV indexes and the level of physical activity in Chagas disease patients and control subjects. Although in controls habitual physical activity was closely associated with vagal HRV ...
Gatta G - - 2008
The lateral-medial displacement (LF) and the overall drift from a straight path (DT) were quantified and compared in 5 top-level (TLS) and 5 low-level (LLS) crawl swimmers. Sixteen repetitions of 25-m crawl at increasing intensity were performed and videotaped. The performances were divided into 3 intensities (< 80 %, 80 ...
Gratze Gerfried - - 2008
AIMS: To elucidate the mechanisms of orthostatic intolerance (OI) after endurance exercise which are incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated beat-to-beat haemodynamic and autonomic parameters in 51 male athletes during supine rest and after active standing the day before and 2 h after a marathon run. None of the ...
Lahiri Marc K - - 2008
Certain abnormalities of autonomic function in the setting of structural cardiovascular disease have been associated with an adverse prognosis. Various markers of autonomic activity have received increased attention as methods for identifying patients at risk for sudden death. Both the sympathetic and the parasympathetic limbs can be characterized by tonic ...
Friot Emmanuel - - 2008
Many research works have focused on multichannel soundfield reproduction during the past decade, and complete systems are now commercially available for 3D sound control e.g., with Wave Field Synthesis. However, the usual underlying approximation of free-field propagation is not valid when reproducing high level low frequency noise, such as a ...
Gilder Michael - - 2008
In this study, we investigated heart rate variability in women who exercise regularly, but with differing volumes of physical activity. Forty women participated and were allocated to either a "high" or "moderate" activity group. Heart rate as R-R intervals was recorded during supine rest and analysed using time domain, frequency ...
Niemelä Teemu H - - 2008
PURPOSE: To test the association between exercise mode and the recovery pattern of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) after exercise. METHODS: The study population included healthy male subjects (N = 12, age: 31 +/- 3 yr). Four different interventions were performed in a randomized order: 1) aerobic exercise session on a bicycle ...
Sangkatumvong S S Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2008
The objective of this study was to non-invasively assess cardiac autonomic control in subjects with sickle cell anemia (SCA) by tracking the changes in heart rate variability (HRV) that occur following brief exposure to a hypoxic stimulus. Five African-American SCA patients and seven healthy control subjects were recruited to participate ...
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