Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 802
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Veskoukis Aristidis S - - 2012
Eukaryotic cells generally function in a reduced state, but an amount of reactive species is essential for several biochemical processes. The antioxidant network is the defensive mechanism that occurs when the concentration of reactive species exceeds a threshold. Polyphenolic compounds present in plant extracts are potent antioxidants in vitro, but ...
Norrbom Jessica Maria - - 2011
The present study investigated whether exercise induces the expression of PGC-1αα splice variants in human skeletal muscle and the possible influence of metabolic perturbation on this response. The subjects exercised one leg for 45 min with restricted blood flow (R-leg), followed by 45 min of exercise using the other leg ...
Menor-Campos D J - - 2011
The aim of the study is to investigate the reduction of stress in dogs in municipal shelters through easy-to-implement activities, ie, 25-minute sessions of exercise and human contact, that do not require a significant investment in terms of funding, staff or time. The results demonstrate that the dogs taking part ...
Murphy Robyn M - - 2011
The skeletal muscle-specific calpain-3 protease is likely involved in muscle repair, although the mechanism is not known. Physiological activation of calpain-3 occurs 24 h following eccentric exercise in humans. Functional consequences of calpain-3 activation are not known; however, calpain-3 has been suggested to be involved in nuclear signaling via NF-κB. ...
Escames Germaine - - 2011
  The aim of this review is to update the reader as to the association between physical exercise and melatonin, and to clarify how the melatonin rhythm may be affected by different types of exercise. Exercise may act as a zeitgeber, although the effects of exercise on the human circadian ...
Thijssen Dick H J - - 2011
Physical inactivity is associated with an increase in cardiovascular risk that cannot be fully explained by traditional or novel risk factors. Inactivity is also associated with changes in hemodynamic stimuli, which exert direct effects on the vasculature leading to remodeling and a proatherogenic phenotype. In this review, we synthesize and ...
Masini Cher V - - 2011
Stress often negatively impacts physical and mental health but it has been suggested that voluntary physical activity may benefit health by reducing some of the effects of stress. The present experiments tested whether voluntary exercise can reduce heart rate, core body temperature and locomotor activity responses to acute (novelty or ...
Oliveira Alexandre G - - 2011
Insulin resistance in diet-induced obesity (DIO) is associated with a chronic systemic low-grade inflammation, and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays an important role in the link among insulin resistance, inflammation, and obesity. The current study aimed to analyze the effect of exercise on TLR4 expression and activation in obese rats ...
Phillips Gervase - - 2011
The increased lethality of nineteenth-century “arms of precision” caused military formations to disperse in combat, transforming the ordinary soldier from a near automaton, drilled to deliver random fire under close supervision, into a moral agent who exercised a degree of choice about where, when, and how to fire his weapon. ...
Drubach Daniel A - - 2011
The question whether human beings have free will has been debated by philosophers and theologians for thousands of years. More recently, neuroscientists have applied novel concepts and tools in neuroscience to address this question. We submit that human beings do have free will and the physiological substrate for its exercise ...
Lewis M J - - 2010
Electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring allows temporal analysis of cardiac rhythm. We are usually interested in the variability of two components of the ECG: RR interval (a surrogate marker of cardiac interval) and QT interval (the duration of ventricular depolarization/repolarization). Quantification of RR rhythm, called heart rate variability (HRV) analysis, reflects the ...
Kim Kwang Sik - - 2011
Upon conviction for particular traffic offenses, drivers can have their licenses revoked. Drivers who receive license revocation have an opportunity to apply for a sentence reduction, and some of those who apply receive a reduced sanction - license suspension. There may be differences between drivers whose license was revoked as ...
Sillen Maurice J H - - 2011
Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) involves the application of an electrical current through electrodes placed on the skin over the targeted muscles. During high-frequency NMES (HF-NMES), oxygen uptake, minute ventilation, and the degree of symptom perception (dyspnea and fatigue) have been shown to be acceptable in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Redwine Laura S - - 2010
the aim of this study was to determine whether depressive symptoms are related to alterations in the sensitivity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells to β-adrenergic agonists in patients with heart failure (HF) by measuring in vitro chemotaxis (CTX) to isoproterenol at rest and after acute exercise in patients with HF ...
Chen Ju-Yi - - 2011
Analysis of short-term heart rate variability (HRV) may provide useful information about autonomic nervous control of heart rate recovery. We studied 495 individuals (273 men), age range 19-85 years, submitted to treadmill exercise tests and short-term HRV evaluations over time (standard deviation of the normal-to-normal interval [SDNN], the square root ...
Dantas E M - - 2010
Heart rate variability (HRV) provides important information about cardiac autonomic modulation. Since it is a noninvasive and inexpensive method, HRV has been used to evaluate several parameters of cardiovascular health. However, the internal reproducibility of this method has been challenged in some studies. Our aim was to determine the intra-individual ...
Agiovlasitis Stamatis - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine whether autonomic modulation of heart rate as measured by heart rate variability and heart rate complexity at rest and during static handgrip exercise differs between individuals with and without paraplegia. This study also examined the relationships between heart rate complexity and ...
Fischer Philip R - - 2010
A 16-year-old boy had a gradual onset of post-exercise myalgia with progressive fatigue and dizziness. He had bradycardia (37 beats/minute) with low supine and normal standing norepinephrine levels (56 and 311 pg/mL, respectively). He had absent sympathetically mediated vasoconstrictor responses during Valsalva maneuver testing. Circulating ganglionic acetylcholine receptor antibodies were ...
Kingsley J Derek - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of 12 weeks of resistance exercise training (RET) on disease severity and autonomic modulation at rest and after acute leg resistance exercise in women with fibromyalgia (FM) and healthy controls (HCs). DESIGN: Before-after trial. SETTING: Testing and training occurred in a university setting. PARTICIPANTS: Women ...
Watanabe Kazuhito - - 2010
We tested the hypotheses that the heart rate (HR) response to muscle metaboreflex activation induced by postexercise muscle ischemia (PEMI) varies considerably among subjects and that individual differences in the HR response are associated with differences in cardiac autonomic tone and/or arterial baroreflex function during PEMI. Fifty-one healthy subjects (36 ...
Santos-Hiss Michele D B - - 2011
Purpose. Heart rate variability (HRV) decreases after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) due to changes in cardiac autonomic balance. The purpose of the present study, therefore, was to evaluate the effects of a progressive exercise protocol used in phase I cardiac rehabilitation on the HRV of patients with post-AMI. Material and ...
Steinback Craig D - - 2010
Sleep apnoea, with repeated periods of hypoxia, results in cardiovascular morbidity and concomitant autonomic dysregulation. Trained apnoea divers also perform prolonged apnoeas accompanied by large lung volumes, large reductions in cardiac output and severe hypoxia and hypercapnia. We tested the hypothesis that apnoea training would be associated with decreased cardiovagal ...
Moura Lídia Zytynski - - 2010
Heart failure (HF) is associated with resting increased peripheral and central chemosensitivity which may correlate with an increased ventilatory response to exercise. However, its sensitivity in HF during exercise was never really reported. We tested if stimulation of central and peripheral chemoreceptors in HF patients could modulate ventilatory, chronotropic, and ...
Sant'Ana Janaina E - - 2011
The present study has investigated in conscious rats the influence of the duration of physical training sessions on cardiac autonomic adaptations by using different approaches; 1) double blockade with methylatropine and propranolol; 2) the baroreflex sensitivity evaluated by alternating bolus injections of phenylephrine and sodium nitroprusside; and 3) the autonomic ...
Mendonca Goncalo V - - 2010
Women demonstrate greater RR interval variability than men of similar age. Enhanced parasympathetic input into cardiac regulation appears to be not only greater in women, but also protective during periods of cardiac stress. Even though women may have a more favorable autonomic profile after exercise, little research has been conducted ...
Dogru M Tolga - - 2010
AIM: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between heart rate recovery (HRR) time and Chronotropic Index (CHIND) parameters, which also reflect autonomic function, after exercise stress test (EST) in males with or without erectile dysfunction (ED), and we investigated the relationship between HRR and CHIND and serum ...
Kiviniemi Antti M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To test the utility of HR variability (HRV) in daily exercise prescription in moderately active (approximately two exercises per week) men and women. METHODS: A total of 21 men and 32 women were divided into standard training (ST: males = 7 and females = 7), HRV-guided training (HRV-I: males ...
Agostoni Piergiuseppe - - 2010
Anemia is frequent in chronic heart failure (HF). To calculate what change in peak oxygen uptake ( VO(2)) should be expected in the event of changes in hemoglobin concentration, we studied the correlation between peak VO(2) and hemoglobin concentration in a large HF population. We carried out retrospective analysis of ...
Routledge Faye S - - 2010
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive, practical and reproducible measure of autonomic nervous system function. A heart rate that is variable and responsive to demands is believed to bestow a survival advantage, whereas reduced HRV may be associated with poorer cardiovascular health and outcomes. In recent years, many researchers ...
Nunan David D Research Centre for Society and Health, Buckinghamshire New University, Chalfont St Giles, UK. - - 2010
Identify the underlying role of resting heart rate variability (HRV) in the hearts response to graded exercise testing (GXT). Resting 5-min HRV and heart rate (HR) measurements were made in 33 volunteers (19 males, median age 34, range 25-63 years and 14 females median age 48, range 21-63 years). Measures ...
Giagkoudaki Fani - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an exercise-training program on heart-rate-variability (HRV) indices in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). DESIGN: Controlled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: 10 people with DS, age 24.2 +/- 5.1 y (group A), and 10 age-matched healthy sedentary individuals (group B). METHOD: At baseline all subjects underwent a ...
van der Wal Martje H L - - 2010
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the association between compliance with non-pharmacological recommendations (diet, fluid restriction, weighing, exercise) and outcome in patients with heart failure (HF). In total 830 patients after an HF hospitalization participated in the study (age 70 +/- 11; left ventricular ejection fraction 34%). ...
Marques C M M - - 2010
C57BL/6 mice develop signs and symptoms comparable, in part, to the human metabolic syndrome. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of exercise training on carbohydrate metabolism, lipid profile, visceral adiposity, pancreatic islet alterations, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in C57BL/6 mice. Animals were fed one ...
Hynynen E - - 2010
This study examined the effects of endurance exercise on nocturnal autonomic modulation. Nocturnal R-R intervals were collected after a rest day, after a moderate endurance exercise and after a marathon run in ten healthy, physically active men. Heart rate variability (HRV) was analyzed as a continuous four-hour period starting 30 ...
Kouidi Evangelia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Functional limitations, altered cardiac autonomic activity, and psychological distress are known disorders in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients, relating to increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of an exercise training program on emotional parameters and heart rate variability (HRV) indices, as well ...
Iversen Nina K - - 2010
The autonomic regulation of the heart was studied in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) during digestion and aerobic exercise by measuring cardiac output (Q), heart rate (f(H)), stroke volume (V(s)) and oxygen consumption (MO(2)) before and after pharmacological blockade by intraperitoneal injections of atropine and propranolol. The significant rise in ...
Rengo Giuseppe - - 2010
Exercise training has been reported to exert beneficial effects on cardiac function and to reduce morbidity and mortality of chronic heart failure (HF). Augmented sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, leading to elevated circulating catecholamine (CA) levels, is a hallmark of chronic HF that significantly aggravates this disease. Exercise training has ...
Kaya Dayimi - - 2010
Moxonidine, an imidazoline I1 receptor agonist, is a centrally acting antihypertensive agent having sympatholytic effect. However, there are only limited data regarding the effects of this drug on autonomic cardiac functions. In this study we investigated the acute effects of moxonidine on cardiac autonomic modulation by heart rate variability (HRV) ...
Chen Ju-Yi - - 2010
Analysis of short-term (5-minute) heart rate variability (HRV) may provide useful information about autonomic nervous control of the cardiovascular system. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the results of treadmill exercise testing (TET) and short-term (5-minute) HRV. Patients undertaking TET were anteriorly evaluated with ...
Boettger Silke - - 2010
PURPOSE: Various measures of autonomic function have been developed, and their applicability and significance during exercise are controversial. METHODS: Physiological data were therefore obtained from 23 sport students before, during, and after exercise. Measures of R-R interval variability, QT variability index (QTvi), and electrodermal activity (EDA) were calculated. We applied ...
Keteyian Steven J - - 2010
Prior exercise research and the recently completed HF-ACTION (Heart Failure and A Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise Training) trial indicate that regular exercise represents an effective therapy in the management of patients with stable chronic heart failure (HF) due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction. This review summarizes the results ...
Earnest Conrad P - - 2010
Obesity, physical inactivity and altered estrogen metabolism play an integrated role contributing to the disease risk profiles of postmenopausal women. These same risk factors also affect modulation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). We examined 332 postmenopausal, overweight, previously sedentary women (mean+/-SD; age, 57.6+/-6.3 years; weight, 84.3+/-11.9kg; BMI, 31.7+/-3.7kg/m(2)) participating ...
Ikeda Nahoko - - 2010
To explore the acute effects of submaximal exercise on blood rheology and sympathetic nerve activity. The effects of exercise (20 or 80 Watts (W)) on blood rheology and sympathetic nerve activity were assessed in 10 healthy Japanese men. Blood sampling and heart rate variability (HRV) recording were performed during 20-min ...
Grimaldi D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test the autonomic control of cardiovascular reflexes and heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and during orthostatic stress in narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC). METHODS: Ten NC patients with a hypocretin deficit and 18 control subjects underwent head-up tilt test (HUTT), Valsalva manoeuvre, deep breathing and cold face under ...
Kawasaki Tatsuya - - 2010
AIMS: An attenuated heart rate response to exercise, termed chronotropic incompetence (CI), has been reported to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. We examined the change in autonomic function during exercise testing and correlated the results with CI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Exercise testing using a bicycle ergometer was performed ...
Bricout V?ronique-Aur?lie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of heart rate variability (HRV) in the management of sport training is a practice which tends to spread, especially in order to prevent the occurrence of states of fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the HRV parameters obtained using a heart rate recording, according to different loads of sporting ...
Olson Thomas P - - 2010
Whether locomotor muscle afferent neural activity contributes to exercise hyperpnea and symptoms of dyspnea in heart failure (HF) is controversial. We examined the influence of metaboreceptor stimulation on ventilation with and without maintaining end-exercise end-tidal CO(2) levels. Eleven patients with HF aged 51+/-5 years (ejection fraction, 32+/-3%; New York Heart ...
Vallais F - - 2010
The baroreflex is one of the most important short-term cardiovascular autonomic control mechanisms. Its interactions with other reflexes, mainly cardiopulmonary reflexes, are of paramount importance in controlling heart rate. This study assesses the coupling between baroreflex and respiration during a progressive bicycle mild dynamical exercise. The coupling was assessed by ...
Mendes Renata Gonçalves - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is accompanied by severe impairment of cardiac autonomous regulation (CAR). This study aimed to determine whether a short-term physiotherapy exercise protocol post-CABG, during inpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR), might improve CAR. DESIGN: Seventy-four patients eligible for CABG were recruited and randomised into physiotherapy exercise group ...
Antunes-Correa Ligia M - - 2010
We compared the effects of exercise training on neurovascular control and functional capacity in men and women with chronic heart failure (HF). Forty consecutive HF outpatients from the Heart Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil were divided into the following four groups matched by age: men exercise-trained (n = 12), ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >