Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1108
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cosgrove Samuel David SD Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, Otago 9054, New - - 2013
Sodium ingestion during exercise may exert beneficial effects on endurance performance by either its ability to attenuate the decrease in plasma volume or reduce the risk of Exercise Associated Hyponatremia (EAH). This study aimed to investigate the effect of sodium supplements on endurance performance during a 72 km road cycling time-trial ...
Barber James J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Barber, JJ, McDermott, AY, McGaughey, KJ, Olmstead, JD, and Hagobian, TA. Effects of combined creatine and sodium bicarbonate supplementation on repeated sprint performance in trained men. J Strength Cond Res 27(1): 252-258, 2013-Creatine and sodium bicarbonate supplementation independently increase exercise performance, but it remains unclear whether combining these 2 ...
Hoffman Martin D - - 2012
PURPOSE: This work combines and reanalyzes five years of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) research at 161-km ultramarathons in northern California with primary purposes to define the relationship between post-race blood sodium concentration ([Na]) and change in body weight, examine the interactions among EAH incidence, ambient temperature and hydration state, and explore ...
Hew-Butler Tamara Dawn TD School of Health Science, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA, USA. - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of Ringer's lactate, isotonic saline and hypertonic saline on the clinical and biochemical recovery of athletes with exercise-associated hyponatraemic encephalopathy caused by fluid overload. We retrospectively reviewed serial blood sodium concentrations (Na+) and qualitative signs of recovery and time to recovery in two healthy menstruant females ...
Carr Benjamin M - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO(3)) administration on lower-body, hypertrophy-type resistance exercise (HRE). Using a double-blind randomized counterbalanced design, 12 resistance-trained male participants (mean ± SD; age = 20.3 ± 2 years, mass = 88.3 ± 13.2 kg, height = 1.80 ± 0.07 m) ingested 0.3 g kg(-1) of NaHCO(3) or placebo 60 min before initiation of an HRE regimen. The ...
Hickman Ingrid J - - 2012
Since its discovery in 1995 adiponectin has garnered considerable interest from the academic, clinical and biotech communities due to its proposed salutary anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic and cardioprotective properties. As a result our appreciation of adiponectin's structure and the importance of post-translational modifications (PTMs) in adiponectin production are now relatively advanced. ...
Gigou Pierre-Yves - - 2012
This study compared the effect of pre-exercise hyperhydration (PEH) and pre-exercise euhydration (PEE) upon treadmill running time-trial (TT) performance in the heat. Six highly trained runners or triathletes underwent two 18 km TT runs (~28 °C, 25%-30% RH) on a motorized treadmill, in a randomized, crossover fashion, while being euhydrated ...
Siette Joyce J School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2013
Physical exercise in early adulthood and mid-life improves cognitive function and enhances brain plasticity, but the effects of commencing exercise in late adulthood are not well-understood. We investigated the effects of voluntary exercise in the restoration of place recognition memory in aged rats and examined hippocampal changes of synaptic density ...
Lortie Dominic - - 2012
The Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks of Québec (Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs du Québec-MDDEP) held a 3-d provincial nuclear emergency response exercise in September 2008 that saw participation from Canadian provincial and federal departments. Nuclear emergency exercises are regularly held in Québec, given ...
Gohil Kishorchandra - - 2012
Pleiotropic, beneficial effects of regular physical activity are well documented. Diverse molecular and cellular networks have been identified as contributors to the health benefits of regular exercise. However, none of those networks appear to address the mechanisms that explain the need for repeated exercise stimulus to maintain health of functionally ...
Ross Fiona M - - 2012
The European Myeloma Network has organized two workshops on fluorescence in situ hybridization in multiple myeloma. The first aimed to identify specific indications and consensus technical approaches of current practice. A second workshop followed a quality control exercise in which 21 laboratories analyzed diagnostic cases of purified plasma cells for ...
Bergmann Jeroen H M - - 2012
In terms of self-rated health, the most important activities of daily living are those involving mobility. Of these activities stair climbing is regarded as the most strenuous. A loss of stair climbing ability with age is normally associated with a loss of muscle strength and power, while other factors that ...
Mannion A F - - 2012
Various studies have shown that spine stabilisation exercise therapy elicits improvements in symptoms/disability in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (cLBP). However, few have corroborated the intended mechanism of action by examining whether clinical improvements (1) are greater in patients with functional deficits of the targeted muscles and (2) ...
Camargo Mariana Zingari - - 2012
The aim of this work is to analyze the effects of LED therapy at 940 nm or cold water immersion therapy (CWI) after an acute bout of exercise on markers of muscle damage and inflammation. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were allocated into four groups: animals kept at rest (control), exercised animals ...
Steriotis Alexandros Klavdios AK Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua, Italy. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess exercise test results and efficacy of therapy with a β blocker (acebutolol) in ryanodine receptor type 2 (RyR2) mutation carriers with documented ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and long-term follow-up. Twenty RyR2 mutation carriers belonging to 8 families and regularly followed at our center ...
Huang Guo-Jen GJ Department and Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan. - - 2012
Several different interventions improve depressed mood, including medication and environmental factors such as regular physical exercise. The molecular pathways underlying these effects are still not fully understood. In this study, we sought to identify shared mechanisms underlying antidepressant interventions. We studied three groups of mice: mice treated with a widely ...
Eriksson Ulf - - 2012
Exercise facilities may have the potential to promote physical activity among residents, and to support an active lifestyle throughout the year. We investigated the association between objectively assessed availability of exercise facilities and objectively assessed physical activity outcomes, and whether time of year had a modifying effect on these associations. ...
de Dreu M J - - 2012
Recent evidence suggests that music-based movement (MbM) therapy may be a promising intervention to improve gait and gait-related activities in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, because it naturally combines cognitive movement strategies, cueing techniques, balance exercises and physical activity while focussing on the enjoyment of moving on music instead of the ...
Torrance David Allen - - 2011
This case study demonstrates the effectiveness of a novel approach to the treatment of post-traumatic myositis ossificans with extracorporeal shockwave therapy in an elite athlete. A 20 year-old male semi-professional rugby player presented with progressive pain and loss of range of motion after sustaining a severe, right quadriceps contusion nine ...
de Vries N M - - 2011
This is the first meta-analysis focusing on elderly patients with mobility problems, physical disability and/or multi-morbidity. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of physical exercise therapy on mobility, physical functioning, physical activity and quality of life. A broad systematic literature search was performed in the databases ...
Mordecai Simon C - - 2012
Current evidence regarding the use of exercise therapy in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) was assessed with a review of published literature. An extensive literature search was carried out with commonly used medical databases. A total of 155 papers were identified out of which only 12 papers were ...
Stein Joel - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Upper-limb paresis is a major source of disability in stroke survivors, and robotic device-aided exercise therapy is a promising approach to enhance motor abilities. Few robotic devices have been available to provide therapy to the fingers and hand. This study was designed to test a new robotic device for ...
Khardori Romesh - - 2011
Biologic response modifiers (BRMs) are substances that occur naturally in the body. They can also be manufactured in the laboratory and then administered as targeted therapy. Undoubtedly BRMs will find expanded role in terminal illness like cancer where other therapies have failed. However, great caution must be exercised in prescribing ...
Ohori Takashi - - 2011
Repeated sauna treatment, known as Waon therapy, has been shown to improve cardiac function as well as exercise tolerance in patients with chronic heart failure. However, the underlying mechanisms of this therapy regarding these improvements remain to be elucidated. Forty-one patients with chronic heart failure (mean age 68.3 ± 13.5 ...
Galvão Daniel A - - 2011
PURPOSE: Exercise has been proposed as an effective countermeasure for androgen suppression therapy induced side effects. Since the magnitude of fat gain and muscle loss is most pronounced during the early phases of androgen suppression therapy, the exercise response may differ by the duration of androgen suppression therapy. We investigated ...
Engel Roger - - 2011
Abstract The premise that lung function can regulate chest wall mobility is an accepted concept. Descriptions of the primary and accessory respiratory structures do not usually include spinal components as a part of these classifications. The case for including these components as a part of the respiratory mechanism and their ...
Krüger Ana P - - 2011
To describe the results of home exercise targeting the pelvic floor in continent women one year after the end of a physical therapy treatment for the following outcomes: functional assessment of the pelvic floor and urinary incontinence. This is an observational study that evaluated fifteen women one year after physical ...
Kühr Eduardo M - - 2011
Exercise therapy in heart failure (HF) patients is considered safe and has demonstrated modest reduction in hospitalization rates and death in recent trials. Previous cost-effectiveness analysis described favorable results considering long-term supervised exercise intervention and significant effectiveness of exercise therapy; however, these evidences are now no longer supported. To evaluate ...
Mickleborough Timothy D - - 2011
Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) refers to the transient narrowing of the airways following strenuous exercise in asthmatic and otherwise healthy individuals. Despite the heterogeneous treatment options for patients with EIA, there remains a substantial burden of unaddressed disease, even with optimal treatment. Epidemiological studies indicate that patients frequently resort to complementary ...
Paul E H Ricard R Brigham & Women's Hospital, Department of Rehabilitation Services, Boston, - - 2011
The projected increase in persons with advanced heart failure and associated costs warrant the examination of exercise in patients receiving inotropic therapy. Literature supports the use of exercise and inotropic therapy in the treatment of patients with advanced heart failure. The purposes of this paper are to illustrate the use ...
Ambrosio Fabrisia - - 2011
Exercise-based therapies are the cornerstone of rehabilitation programs. While the benefits of exercise on systemic and tissue function are generally accepted, mechanisms underlying these benefits are sometimes poorly understood. An improved understanding of the effects of mechanical loading on molecular and cellular processes has the potential to lead to more ...
Korpan Marta I - - 2011
Lymphedema therapy has gone by many names in the recent past, being referred to as complex decongestive therapy, complex physical therapy, or decongestive lymphatic therapy, among others. There are two phases of lymphedema treatment: the acute "intensive" phase and the maintenance phase. In the acute phase of treatment, the individual ...
Evans Jeffery D - - 2011
It is estimated that over 15% of men use natural biologic-based therapies, which includes herbal products and supplements. There are certain conditions that are specific to men, such as erectile dysfunction and benign prostatic hypertrophy, for which there is some evidence of the efficacy and safety of herbal medications. Furthermore, ...
Glazebrook Karen E - - 2011
Objective: To investigate social-cognitive and exercise differences in individuals who think positively or negatively about upcoming exercise while engaged in programs of maintenance exercise therapy for cardiovascular disease and other chronic health conditions. Method and Results: Participants (n = 40) completed measures relative to exercise adherence. MANOVA revealed positive thinkers ...
Carregaro Rodrigo L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare acute effects of a reciprocal action protocol and a super-set protocol on knee extensor performance during concentric isokinetic exercise. Fourteen men aged 29.4 ± 6.1 years were tested on three different protocols, with 1 min of rest between sets: control (3 sets of ...
Gomez-Pinilla Fernando F Dept. of Integrative Biology and Physiology, and Dept. of Neurosurgery, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2011
Exercise and select diets have important influences on health and plasticity of the nervous system, and the molecular mechanisms involved with these actions are starting to be elucidated. New evidence indicates that exercise, in combination with dietary factors, exerts its effects by affecting molecular events related to the management of ...
Denis Romain - - 2011
The present study aimed to assess whether high intensity exhaustive eccentric (ECC) exercise was associated with a greater decrease in muscle oxygenation compared to high intensity exhaustive concentric (CON) exercise during maximal isokinetic knee extensions. On two separate days, ten recreationally active participants performed maximal isokinetic concentric (KE(CON)) and eccentric ...
Kowalczewski Jan - - 2011
Stroke survivors with hemiparesis and spinal cord injury (SCI) survivors with tetraplegia find it difficult or impossible to perform many activities of daily life. There is growing evidence that intensive exercise therapy, especially when supplemented with functional electrical stimulation (FES), can improve upper extremity function, but delivering the treatment can ...
- - 2011
Correction to an article published in May 2011 of the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy: Briem K, Eythörsdöttir H, Magnúsdóttir RG, Pálmarsson R, Rúnarsdöttir T, Sveinsson T. Effects of Kinesio Tape compared with nonelastic sports tape and the untaped ankle during a sudden inversion perturbation in male athletes. ...
Macpherson Rebecca E K - - 2011
Repeated maximal-intensity short-duration exercise (sprint interval training, SIT) can produce muscle adaptations similar to endurance training (ET) despite a much reduced training volume. However, most SIT data use cycling, and little is known about its effects on body composition or maximal cardiac output (Qmax). The purpose of this study was ...
Quitério Robison J - - 2011
The literature reports that the eccentric muscular action produces greater force and lower myoelectric activity than the concentric muscular action, while the heart rate (HR) responses are bigger during concentric contraction. To investigate the maximum average torque (MAT), surface electromyographic (SEMG) and the heart rate (HR) responses during different types ...
Whitney Susan L - - 2011
The use of vestibular rehabilitation for persons with balance and vestibular disorders is used to improve function and decrease dizziness symptoms. Principles of a vestibular rehabilitation program are described including common exercises and outcome measures used to report change. A review of negative and positive predictive factors related to recovery ...
Chakrabarti Lina - - 2011
Down syndrome (DS), the most frequent genetic cause of intellectual disability and developmental delay, results from impaired neural stem cell proliferation and differentiation. Impaired neurogenesis in the neocortex, hippocampus and cerebellum is believed to be the underlying cause of learning and behavioral deficits in the Ts65Dn mouse model of DS. ...
Silva Luciano A - - 2011
Infrequent exercise, typically involving eccentric actions, has been shown to cause oxidative stress and to damage muscle tissue. High taurine levels are present in skeletal muscle and may play a role in cellular defences against free radical-mediated damage. This study investigates the effects of taurine supplementation on oxidative stress biomarkers ...
Silva Luciano A - - 2010
Infrequent exercise, typically involving eccentric actions, has been shown to cause oxidative stress and to damage muscle tissue. High taurine levels are present in skeletal muscle and may play a role in cellular defences against free radical-mediated damage. This study investigates the effects of taurine supplementation on oxidative stress biomarkers ...
Killgore Garry L - - 2010
The purpose of this investigation was to identify whether physiological exercise intensity differed with the use of aquatic training shoes (ATS) during deep-water running (DWR) compared to using a barefoot condition. Eight male intercollegiate (National Collegiate Athletic Association Division III [NCAA III]) varsity distance runners were videotaped from the right ...
Lansley Katherine E - - 2011
Dietary supplementation with beetroot juice (BR) has been shown to reduce resting blood pressure and the O(2) cost of submaximal exercise and to increase tolerance to high-intensity cycling. We tested the hypothesis that the physiological effects of BR were consequent to its high NO(3)(-) content per se, and not the ...
Greenwood Benjamin N BN Department of Integrative Physiology, Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA. - - 2011
The mesolimbic reward pathway is implicated in stress-related psychiatric disorders and is a potential target of plasticity underlying the stress resistance produced by repeated voluntary exercise. It is unknown, however, whether rats find long-term access to running wheels rewarding, or if repeated voluntary exercise reward produces plastic changes in mesolimbic ...
Bonacci Jason - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that cycling can directly influence neuromuscular control during subsequent running in some highly trained triathletes, despite these triathletes' years of practice of the cycle-run transition. The aim of this study was to determine whether cycling has the same direct influence on neuromuscular control during running in ...
Faulkner J - - 2011
This study assessed the effect of distance feedback on athletic performance, physiological and perceptual markers and the pacing strategies utilized during treadmill exercise. Thirteen men completed four self-paced 6 km treadmill time trials with either accurate, inaccurate or no distance feedback (NF). Inaccurate time trials involved participants receiving premature (PF) or ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >