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Stuge Britt - - 2012
There is uncertainty regarding the association between the function of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP), and whether exercises to strengthen the PFM should be recommended for patients with PGP. This one-to-one matched case-control study examined whether there is any difference in voluntary PFM function between ...
Vancampfort D - - 2012
Vancampfort D, Probst M, Scheewe T, Knapen J, De Herdt A, De Hert M. The functional exercise capacity is correlated with global functioning in patients with schizophrenia. Objective:  The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is commonly used to measure the functional exercise capacity in chronic patients with cardiovascular diseases. The purpose ...
Faselis Charles - - 2012
BackgroundOverweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality. Exercise capacity is inversely associated with mortality risk. However, little is known on the interaction between fitness, fatness, and mortality risk in hypertensive individuals. Thus, we assessed the interaction between exercise capacity, fatness, and all-cause mortality in ...
Gonzalez Richard R - - 2012
We investigated the validity of employing a fuzzy piecewise prediction equation (PW) [Gonzalez et al. J Appl Physiol 107: 379-388, 2009] defined by sweat rate (m(sw), g·m(-2)·h(-1)) = 147 + 1.527·(E(req)) - 0.87·(E(max)), which integrates evaporation required (E(req)) and the maximum evaporative capacity of the environment (E(max)). Heat exchange and ...
Nicolucci A - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: A positive impact of exercise intervention programmes on quality of life (QoL) may be important for long-term patient compliance to exercise recommendations. We have previously shown that QoL improves significantly with supervised exercise, whereas it worsens with counselling alone, in patients with type 2 diabetes from the Italian Diabetes ...
Nualnim Nantinee - - 2012
Swimming is ideal for older adults because it includes minimum weight-bearing stress and decreased heat load. However, there is very little information available concerning the effects of regular swimming exercise on vascular risks. We determined if regular swimming exercise would decrease arterial blood pressure (BP) and improve vascular function. Forty-three ...
Nagatomo Fumiko - - 2012
Skeletal muscles in animals with metabolic syndrome exhibit reduced oxidative capacity. We investigated the effects of running exercise on fiber characteristics, oxidative capacity, and mRNA levels in the soleus muscles of rats with metabolic syndrome [SHR/NDmcr-cp (cp/cp); CP]. We divided 5-week-old CP rats into non-exercise (CP) and exercise (CP-Ex) groups. ...
Ng Gabriel Y F - - 2012
Abstract Objective: This study investigated the effects of a therapeutic laser, passive stretching, and their combined treatment on the strength of Achilles tendons with overuse pathologies. Background data: Tendinopathy involving overuse is usually treated with exercise and stretching, but there has been no report on the treatment effect of a ...
Marsh Clare E - - 2012
Marsh, CE. Evaluation of the ACSM submaximal treadmill running test for predicting &OV0312;o2max. J Strength Cond Res 26(2): 548-554, 2012-The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the American College of Sports Medicine's (ACSM's) submaximal treadmill running test in predicting &OV0312;o2max. Twenty-one moderately well-trained men aged 18-34 ...
Scanlan Aaron T - - 2012
Scanlan, AT, Dascombe, BJ, and Reaburn, PRJ. The construct and longitudinal validity of the Basketball Exercise Simulation Test. J Strength Cond Res 26(2): 523-530, 2012-The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the recently developed Basketball Exercise Simulation Test (BEST). Ten semiprofessional (age, 22.7 ± 6.1 years; ...
Moran Paul - - 2012
Moran, P, Prichard, JG, Ansley, L, and Howatson, G. The influence of blood lactate sample site on exercise prescription. J Strength Cond Res 26(2): 563-567, 2012-The aims of this study were first to determine the level of agreement between the fingertip and earlobe for the measurement of blood lactate, and ...
Taylor Nigel A S - - 2012
A need exists to identify dehydrated individuals under stressful settings beyond the laboratory. A predictive index based on changes in saliva osmolality has been proposed, and its efficacy and sensitivity was appraised across mass (water) losses from 1 to 7%. Twelve euhydrated males [serum osmolality: 286.1 mOsm kg(-1) H(2)O (SD 4.3)] completed three ...
Schmid Annina B - - 2012
Splinting and nerve and tendon gliding exercises are commonly used to treat carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). It has been postulated that both modalities reduce intraneural edema. To test this hypothesis, 20 patients with mild to moderate CTS were randomly allocated to either night splinting or a home program of nerve ...
de Ruiter C J - - 2012
PURPOSE: Above a given exercise intensity, rapid muscle fatigue will occur. We explored the possibilityofassessingtorque thresholdfor peripheral fatigue duringsingle legged repetitive isometric knee extensor exercise. We hypothesized this fatigue threshold to be related to the general aerobic fitnesslevel and the so called 'critical torque'established with a recently validated 5 min ...
Behan Mary - - 2012
Breathing and swallowing problems affect elderly people and may be related to age-associated tongue dysfunction. Hypoglossal motoneurons that innervate the tongue receive a robust, excitatory serotonergic (5HT) input and may be affected by aging. We used a rat model of aging and progressive resistance tongue exercise to determine whether age-related ...
Bocanegra Olga L - - 2012
This study examined intra-individual variations in salivary lactate (sLac), alpha-amylase (sAA) and chromogranin A (sCgA) with reference to the accumulation of blood lactate (bLac) during incremental maximal exercise in swimmers. Samples of blood and saliva were collected simultaneously from 12 male professional athletes during an incremental test that consisted of ...
Conceição Miguel Soares - - 2012
The present study aimed to analyze the magnitude of muscle damage and inflammatory responses induced by eccentric exercise in young (YW) and postmenopausal women (PMW). Seventeen healthy women (nine YW, 23.89 ± 2.03 years; and eight PMW, 51.13 ± 5.08 years) performed five sets of six maximal eccentric actions of the elbow flexors. Changes in isometric ...
Winwood Paul W - - 2012
Winwood, PW, Keogh, JWL, Harris, NK, and Weaver, LM. Interrelationships between strength, anthropometrics, and strongman performance in novice strongman athletes. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2012-The sport of strongman is relatively new; hence, specific research investigating this sport is currently very limited. The purpose of this study was to ...
Krause Maressa P - - 2012
Krause, MP, Goss, FL, Robertson, RJ, Kim, K, Elsangedy, HM, Krinski, K, and da Silva, SG. Concurrent validity of an OMNI rating of perceived exertion scale for bench stepping exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2012-To develop and validate a modified OMNI rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale for ...
Sitjà-Rabert Mercè - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature on whole body vibration programs in older population and a meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. Method: A search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL and PsychINFO databases. We included randomized controlled trials evaluating ...
Cramer Matthew N - - 2012
The present study investigated the influence of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) on local steady-state sudomotor responses to exercise, independently of evaporative requirements for heat balance (Ereq). Eleven fit (F:VO2max 61.9±6.0 ml/kg/min) and ten unfit (UF:VO2max 40.4±3.8 ml/kg/min) males cycled for 60 min at an air temperature of 24.5±0.8°C and ambient ...
Silva Andressa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to examine evidence regarding the effects of therapeutic exercise on the balance of women with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: The search was conducted in Pubmed, Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, ISI web of knowledge, PEDro and the Cochrane Collaboration. We used the keywords: "knee", "balance", ...
Woods Dr - - 2012
AIM: To examine the response of BNP and NT-proBNP to high altitude (HA) both at rest and following exercise. METHODS: We measured NT-proBNP and BNP and Lake Louise (LL) Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) scores in 20 subjects at rest in Kathmandu (Kat; 1300 m); and following exercise and at rest ...
Haas Romi - - 2012
BackgroundPhysical therapists often prescribe exercises for falls prevention. Understanding the factors influencing the clinical decision-making process behind this employed by expert physical therapists working in specialist falls and balance clinics may assist other therapists to prescribe exercises for falls prevention with greater efficacy.ObjectiveTo describe the factors influencing the clinical decision-making ...
Périard Julien D - - 2012
Extracellular heat-shock protein 72 (eHsp72) expression during exercise-heat stress is suggested to increase with the level of hyperthermia attained, independent of the rate of heat storage. This study examined the influence of exercise at various intensities to elucidate this relationship, and investigated the association between eHsp72 and eHsp27. Sixteen male ...
Carvalho Mesquita Cristina - - 2012
The aim of this study was to verify the influence of a specific exercise program on the strength and resistance levels of lumbar flexors and extensors in warehouse workers. The population used in this randomized controlled trial included 557 warehouse male workers from a food distribution company in Oporto/Portugal. Upon ...
Srinivasan Sundar - - 2012
Physical exercise is thought to hold promise as a non-invasive countermeasure against skeletal fragility arising from post-menopausal and age-related osteoporosis. Importantly, mechanical loading and exercise are capable of increasing bone size via periosteal expansion, which by far, is the most effective means of strengthening the structure of a given bone. ...
Castro-Sánchez Adelaida María - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:: Type 2 diabetes is 1 of the main causes of peripheral vascular disease. The beneficial effects of exercise on glucose homeostasis include a marked stimulation of blood glucose utilization during and after its performance. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a program ...
Rybicka Justyna - - 2012
A 31-year old woman with tricuspid atresia, after Bjork Fontan modification and reoperation due to homograft narrowing, was evaluated because of progressive exercise intolerance; she was planning a pregnancy. The right atrium (RA) to right ventricle (RV) homograft narrowing and calcification with significant reversal flow were found. Successful reoperation was ...
Stec Michael J - - 2012
Recently, it was demonstrated that a uniaxial accelerometer worn at the hip could estimate resistance exercise energy expenditure. As resistance exercise takes place in more than one plane, the use of a triaxial accelerometer may be more effective in estimating resistance exercise energy expenditure. The purpose of this study was ...
Messonnier Laurent - - 2012
This study tested the hypothesis that trained sickle cell trait (SCT) carriers are not subjected to greater risk of rhabdomyolysis or renal failure in response to moderate submaximal exercise than subjects with normal hemoglobin (CONT). Blood markers in 11 trained SCT carriers and 12 control counterparts were measured before and ...
Roman-Campos Danilo - - 2012
1. Hypertension leads to electrophysiological changes in the heart. Chronic exercise induced by a treadmill-running program (TRP) is considered as a potential non-pharmacological treatment for hypertension and may have implications in heart remodeling. However, it is not known if TRP is able to improve the electrophysiological properties of the heart in ...
Piper Timothy J - - 2012
The present study investigated the dynamic balance detection ability of college males for the bench press exercise. Thirty college males (M ±SD age, bench press experience, estimated 1 RM= 22.4±2.76 yr, 8.3±2.79 yr, and 120.1 ± 21.8 kilograms) completed one repetition of the bench press repetitions for each of 3 ...
Simmonds Michael J - - 2012
Heart rate variability (HRV) and haemorheology adaptations to 12 wk of varied-dose treadmill walking were investigated in women aged 65-74 yr with type 2 diabetes. Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups where exercise frequency and session duration were manipulated (Group 1 : 2 × 60 min·wk-1 or Group 2 ...
Connes Philippe - - 2012
We tested the effects of submaximal exercise on blood viscosity (ηb), nitric oxide production (NO) and hemodynamics. Relationships between the exercise-induced changes that occurred in these parameters were investigated. Nine subjects performed exercise for 15 min at 105% of the first ventilatory threshold. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and cardiac output ...
Knab Amy M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: In this study we measured neurocognitive function, perceived stress, quality of life, and psychopathology in community-dwelling adults, with data contrasted across tertiles of exercise frequency. METHODS: A group of 998 adults (ages 18-85 years) were measured for neurocognitive function using a computerized neuropsychological test from CNS Vital Signs (Morrisville, ...
Wittekind Anna - - 2012
To investigate the effects of warm-up intensity on all-out sprint cycling performance, muscle oxygenation and metabolism, 8 trained male cyclists/triathletes undertook a 30-s sprint cycling test preceded by moderate, heavy or severe warm up and 10-min recovery. Muscle oxygenation was measured by near-infrared spectroscopy, with deoxyhaemoglobin ([HHb]) during the sprint ...
Bernardi Marco - - 2012
To provide normative values of physical fitness in Paralympic winter sports athletes competing in a sitting posture and to identify the components relevant for successful performance. Cross-sectional study with sports. The Institute of Sports Medicine and Science of the Italian National Olympic Committee (Rome, Italy). Fifteen Alpine skiers (3 BP), ...
Tsukagoshi Rui - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of stepping exercises in addition to conventional physical therapy on the recovery of muscle strength and walking speed after total hip arthroplasty. This was a retrospective study with 6 wks of follow-up care and evaluation. Patients (n = 30) undergoing primary total hip ...
Moustaka Frederiki C - - 2012
The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an autonomy-supportive intervention based on self-determination theory in influencing perceptions of autonomy support, basic psychological needs, behavioral regulations, subjective vitality, and exercise behavior. 35 female exercise participants age 30 to 58 years who enrolled to an 8-week exercise program attended 24 exercise classes ...
Kelly Karen R - - 2012
High-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin is the biologically active form of adiponectin and is related to enhanced insulin sensitivity and metabolic function. Previously, we found that 7 d of exercise improves insulin sensitivity in obese subjects; however, whether short-term exercise training affects HMW adiponectin in obese persons is unknown. We examined ...
de Souza Andréia Silveira - - 2012
de Souza, AS, Pinto, SS, Kanitz, AC, Rodrigues, BM, Alberton, CL, da Silva, EM, and Kruel, LFM. Physiological comparisons between aquatic resistance training protocols with and without equipment. J Stength Cond Res 26(1): 276-283, 2012-The purpose of the present study was to compare the physiological responses of oxygen uptake (&OV0312;O2) ...
Stafne Signe N - - 2012
To assess whether exercise during pregnancy can prevent gestational diabetes and improve insulin resistance. A total of 855 women in gestational week 18-22 were randomly assigned to receiving a 12-week standard exercise program (intervention group) or standard antenatal care (control group). The exercise program followed standard recommendations and included moderate-intensity ...
Kalman Douglas S - - 2012
Sport drinks are ubiquitous within the recreational and competitive fitness and sporting world. Most are manufactured and artificially flavored carbohydrate-electrolyte beverages. Recently, attention has been given to coconut water, a natural alternative to manufactured sport drinks, with initial evidence indicating efficacy with regard to maintaining hydration. We compared coconut water ...
Parkatti Terttu - - 2012
This study examined the effects of an instructed structured Nordic walking (NW) exercise program on the functional capacity of older sedentary people. Volunteers were randomly assigned to an NW group (68.2 ± 3.8 yr old) or control group (69.9 ± 3.0 yr old). Before and at the end of the ...
Pinto Susana - - 2012
Abstract We have evaluated the potential role of respiratory exercise by implementing specific inspiratory muscle training in a selected population of early-affected amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. We studied 26 patients with ALS with normal respiratory function using two groups of patients in a parallel, control-group, randomized, delayed-start design. Patients ...
Tak E C P M - - 2012
After a randomized controlled trial showing that improvement on some aspects of cognitive function was related to adherence to an exercise program, determinants of adherence and maintenance were further studied. Older adults with mild cognitive impairment were contacted 6 mo after the end of exercise programs for a telephone interview ...
Collins Natalie J - - 2012
Anterior knee pain is a chronic condition that presents frequently to sports medicine clinics, and can have a long-term impact on participation in physical activity. Conceivably, effective early management may prevent chronicity and facilitate physical activity. Although a variety of nonsurgical interventions have been advocated, previous systematic reviews have consistently ...
Cohen Deborah A - - 2012
We evaluated the impact of outdoor exercise equipment (FZ, Fitness Zones) in 12 parks serving diverse populations. We used the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) to assess use and estimate energy expenditure prior to and twice after FZ installation. Park use increased more in FZ parks ...
Thivel David - - 2012
Physical exercise can modify subsequent energy intake and appetite and may thus be of particular interest in terms of obesity treatment. However, it is still unclear whether an intensive bout of exercise can affect the energy consumption of obese children and adolescents. To compare the impact of high vs. moderate ...
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