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Results 751 - 800 of 2028
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Tang Xiang-Yu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions, including physical exercise, are feasible options for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, the effects of exercise of different intensities on the infarct region, function, and angiogenesis of the left ventricle (LV) in postmyocardial infarction (MI) rats were investigated and the levels of ...
Jazuli Farah - - 2011
An inverse relationship between baseline artery diameter (BAD) and flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) has been identified using reactive hyperemia (RH) to create a shear stress (SS) stimulus in human conduit arteries. However, RH creates a SS stimulus that is inversely related to BAD. The purpose of this study was to compare ...
Ohira Akira - - 2011
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011 Background.  Mastication is a developing function affected by various factors. There is a need for further research on methods of promoting masticatory function in young children. Aim.  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of gum chewing exercise on the maximum ...
Nolte Heinrich W - - 2011
Abstract Guidelines to establish safe environmental exercise conditions are partly based on thermal prescriptive zones. Yet there are reports of self-paced human athletic performances in extreme heat. Eighteen participants undertook a 25-km route march in a dry bulb temperature reaching 44.3°C. The mean (± s) age of the participants was 26.0 ± 3.7 ...
Dunbar James B JB - - 2011
A major goal in drug design is the improvement of computational methods for docking and scoring. The Community Structure Activity Resource (CSAR) aims to collect available data from industry and academia which may be used for this purpose ( www.csardock.org ). Also, CSAR is charged with organizing community-wide exercises based ...
Banks Geraldine - - 2012
Objective. To explore exercise preferences in stroke survivors and controls. Methods. A novel scale-the Exercise Preference Questionnaire-was developed for this study. This questionnaire, together with established assessments of physical activities, mood, and quality of life, was completed in a single assessment session. Results. Twenty-three adult stroke survivors (mean age 63, ...
Schreuder Henk W R - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate face and construct validity for a novel curriculum designed for intermediately skilled laparoscopic surgeons on a virtual reality simulator. It consists of 5 exercises that focus on training precision and coordination between both hands. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force II-2). SETTING: Three university hospitals and ...
Dolmage Thomas E - - 2012
Walking is frequently used in the exercise rehabilitation of patients with COPD. Walking ability can be characterized by the two-parameter hyperbolic relationship between endurance and speed. One parameter, critical walk speed (s_critical), represents the maximum speed that can be endured indefinitely. The purpose of this study was to: (1) determine ...
Ades Philip A - - 2011
More than 80% of patients entering cardiac rehabilitation are overweight, with a high prevalence of associated insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and a prothrombotic state. Because each of these characteristics is associated with abnormalities of endothelial-dependent flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), a predictor of long-term prognosis in patients with coronary heart disease ...
Takahashi Hirokazu - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of the stages of change in physical behavior of workers with diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance according to their dietary behavior, BMI, FBS, and HbA1c. Subject and Methods: The annual health checkup records of 15,317 male employees of an ...
Watson P - - 2011
PURPOSE:: This evaluated the efficacy of drinks containing low concentrations of carbohydrate (CHO; 2-6%) on physical performance in cool and warm environments. METHODS:: In two separate, but related studies, 24 healthy males completed a familiarisation trial and four trials to volitional exhaustion (TTE) at 70% VO2max in cool conditions (10°C, ...
Goodwin Huw - - 2011
Sociocultural factors hypothesised to be influential in eating disorders were assessed for their relationship with compulsive exercise. A sample of 828 adolescent boys and girls completed measures assessing sociocultural messages to change body shape as well as pressure to be thin, and also measures of compulsive exercise and disordered eating. ...
Lampropoulou Sofia - - 2011
The aim of the study was to examine the reliability and validity of the numerical rating scale (0-10 NRS) for rating perception of effort during isometric elbow flexion in healthy people. 33 individuals (32 ± 8 years) participated in the study. Three re-test measurements within one session and three weekly sessions were undertaken ...
Cantarero-Villanueva Irene - - 2012
The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week multimodal program focused on core stability exercises and recovery massage with DVD support for a 6-month period in physical and psychological outcomes in breast cancer survivors. A randomized controlled clinical trial was performed. Seventy-eight (n = ...
Boone Jan - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to gain better insight into the mechanisms underpinning the sigmoid pattern of deoxy[Hb + Mb] during incremental exercise by assessing the changes in the profile following prior high-intensity exercise. Ten physically active students performed two incremental ramp (25 W min(-1)) exercises (AL and LL, respectively) preceded on ...
Shen C-L - - 2012
Postmenopausal women with osteopenia received green tea polyphenols (GTP) supplement and/or Tai Chi exercise for 6 months. Bone turnover biomarkers, calcium metabolism, and muscle strength were measured. This study showed that GTP supplementation and Tai Chi exercise increased bone formation biomarkers and improved bone turnover rate. Tai Chi exercise increased ...
Marks Ray - - 2011
Individuals with knee osteoarthritis, a painful debilitating joint disease affecting many aging adults, are commonly encouraged to pursue a variety of exercise regimens. However, very few studies have specifically focused on barriers and facilitators of exercise adherence as related to knee osteoarthritis. This review focuses on what is known about ...
Rogers Carol E - - 2011
Sedentary older adults are at risk of decreased physical function that may lead to loss of independence. In addition, low spirituality is associated with all-cause mortality for older adults. Published research studies have not evaluated the effects of spirituality following a meditative movement intervention such as Sign Chi Do (SCD). ...
Kawasaki Terukazu - - 2011
A 6-month, twice-a-week exercise program emphasizing swimming was conducted for 11 men (57-73 years) and 24 women (51-68 years). The control group comprised 11 male (59-70 years) and 11 female (53-70) volunteers. The exercise program significantly improved the systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) and lipid and glucose metabolism, with ...
Yokota Takashi - - 2011
Lower aerobic capacity is a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, the mechanisms are not fully elucidated. We tested the hypothesis that skeletal muscle dysfunction could contribute to the lower aerobic capacity in MetS patients. The incremental exercise tests with ...
Fairhall Nicola - - 2011
the World Health Organization describes individuals' functioning at a societal level as 'participation'. Despite being a key component of functioning and an important goal of rehabilitation, participation is not measured consistently in ageing research. The aim was to evaluate the extent to which measurement of participation has been reported in ...
Fuentes Claudia - - 2011
Introduction. In the exercise challenge test (ECT), a drop in forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV(1)) of between 10 and 15% is the determinant variable for a diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchospasm. Hypothesis. The use of FEV(1) plus mean forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of the forced ...
Lueders Tara N - - 2011
The α7β1 integrin is a heterodimeric transmembrane protein that adheres to laminin in the extracellular matrix, representing a critical link that maintains structure in skeletal muscle. In addition to preventing exercise-induced skeletal muscle injury, the α7 integrin has been proposed to act as an intrinsic mechanosensor, initiating cellular growth in ...
Demartini Julie K - - 2011
DeMartini, JK, Ranalli, GF, Casa, DJ, Lopez, RM, Ganio, MS, Stearns, RL, McDermott, BP, Armstrong, LE, and Maresh, CM. Comparison of body cooling methods on physiological and perceptual measures of mildly hyperthermic athletes. J Strength Cond Res 25(8): 2065-2074, 2011-Hyperthermia is common among athletes and in a variety of environments. ...
Yu Fang - - 2011
Background: Little is known about how aerobic exercise affects physical functioning in persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: This pilot study used a 1-group repeated measures design to examine the feasibility and impact of a 6-month individualized moderate intensity cycling intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness and lower extremity function in 8 ...
Hunter Ruth F - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate the feasibility of a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) investigating the effects of adding auricular acupuncture (AA) to exercise for participants with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). METHODS:: Participants with CLBP were recruited from primary care and a university population and were randomly allocated (n=51) to 1 of 2 groups: ...
Campbell Sara C - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if exercise, whether continuous (CE: completed all in one session) or intermittent (completed in either two (IE 2) or three (IE 3) exercise sessions) expending the same number of calories alters reverse cholesterol transport or low density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size. ...
Biscarini Andrea - - 2011
A model has been developed to definitively characterize the resistance properties and the joint loading (i.e., shear and compressive components of the joint reaction force) in single-joint exercises with ideal elastic bands. The model accounts for the relevant geometric and elastic properties of the band, the band pre-stretching, and the ...
Deren Tomasz M - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate whether differences in local sweat rates on the upper body between American football linemen (L) and backs (B) exist independently of differences in metabolic heat production. METHODS:: Twelve NCAA Division 1 American football players (6 linemen [mass: 141.6±6.5 kg; body surface area (BSA): 2.67±0.08 m] and 6 ...
Pastor-Pérez Francisco J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to establish the role of hormonal anabolic deficiencies in exercise intolerance in patients with chronic heart failure One hundred four consecutive men (mean age 53.1 ± 10.6 years) with established diagnoses of chronic heart failure were included. At enrollment, blood samples were taken, and ...
Musanti Rita - - 2011
PURPOSE:: This study, theoretically based on the Exercise Self-Esteem Model, EXSEM, examinedeffects of exercise modality on physical and global self-esteem (PSE, GSE)in breast cancer survivors. The EXSEM posits GSEat the apex with PSE feeding into GSE. PSE has 3 subdomains: physical conditioning (PC), attractive body (AB) and physical strength (PS). ...
Breen Leigh - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to determine mitochondrial and myofibrillar muscle protein synthesis (MPS) when carbohydrate (CHO) or carbohydrate plus protein (C+P) beverages were ingested following prolonged cycling exercise. The intracellular mechanisms thought to regulate MPS were also investigated. In a single-blind, cross-over study, 10 trained cyclists (age ...
Guimarães Guilherme Veiga - - 2011
Background: Conventional cardiac rehabilitation program consist of 15 min of warm-up, 30 min of aerobic exercise and followed by 15 min calisthenics exercise. The Pilates method has been increasingly applied for its therapeutic benefits, however little scientific evidence supports or rebukes its use as a treatment in patients with heart ...
Molino-Lova Raffaele - - 2011
The objective of this prospective randomized controlled study was to compare the long-term effects of a structured physical activity intervention with those of aerobic exercises alone, in a cohort of elderly patients who had undergone elective cardiac surgery, and who were classified as frail at the end of rehabilitation based ...
Shafiei Neek Leila - - 2011
Zinc and selenium are essential minerals and have roles for more than 300 metabolic reactions in the body. The purpose of this study was to investigate how exhaustive exercise affects testosterone levels and plasma lactate in cyclists who were supplemented with oral zinc and selenium for 4 weeks. For this reason, ...
Gaydos Laura M - - 2011
Abstract Background: Average daily steps (ADS) are a low-technology measurement of activity that is useful for exercise prescription. However, research demonstrates poor validity for ADS as a measure of exercise capability. We present a superior low-technology measure of exercise capability, which is easily applied by practitioners in clinical or nonclinical ...
De Marchi Thiago - - 2011
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on exercise performance, oxidative stress, and muscle status in humans. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled crossover trial was performed with 22 untrained male volunteers. LLLT (810 nm, 200 mW, 30 J in each site, 30 s of irradiation in ...
Silvilairat Suchaya - - 2011
Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used as a reliable method to detect cardiac autonomic nervous system activity. Peak oxygen uptake (VO(2) peak) has been a predictor of death for adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). This study investigated the correlation between HRV and exercise capacity in 30 patients ...
Dasilva Sergio G - - 2011
Dasilva, SG, Guidetti, L, Buzzachera, CF, Elsangedy, HM, Krinski, K, De Campos, W, Goss, FL, and Baldari, C. Gender-based differences in substrate use during exercise at a self-selected pace. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-The aim of this study was to investigate gender-based differences in substrate use during exercise ...
Pendharkar Sachin R - - 2011
Obese subjects commonly suffer from exertional dyspnea and exercise intolerance. Preliminary evidence suggests that treatment with nocturnal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) may improve dyspnea in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but the effect on exercise tolerance is unknown. This study sought to investigate whether nCPAP improves exercise ...
Rossow Lindy M - - 2011
Introduction:  Blood-flow-restricted (BFR) exercise is an emerging type of exercise that may be particularly beneficial to elderly or special populations. These populations may also benefit from reductions in blood pressure (BP). The effect of BFR exercise on postexercise BP has not been examined; this should first be examined in a ...
Hill Kylie - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:/b> Severe injuries sustained during combat may classify individuals as undeployable for active service. It is imperative that every effort is made to optimize physical function following such injuries. CASE DESCRIPTION: /b> A 38-year-old man sustained a gunshot wound during armed combat. The bullet entered via the left ...
Whyte K - - 2012
The mean pulmonary artery pressure (P(pa)) achieved on mild-to-moderate exercise is age related and its haemodynamic correlates remain to be documented in patients free of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Our retrospective study involved patients free of PH investigated in our centre for possible pulmonary vascular disease between January 1, 2007 and ...
Bateman Lori A - - 2011
Aerobic training (AT) improves the metabolic syndrome (MS) and its component risk factors; however, to our knowledge, no randomized clinical studies have addressed whether resistance training (RT) improves the MS when performed alone or combined with AT. Sedentary, overweight dyslipidemic men and women, aged 18 to 70 years completed a ...
McCord Jennifer L - - 2011
In decerebrate rats, we reported previously that the exercise pressor reflex arising from a limb whose femoral artery was occluded for 72 h before the experiment was significantly higher than the exercise pressor reflex arising from a contralateral freely perfused limb. These findings prompted us to examine whether reactive oxygen ...
Pentecost C - - 2011
Understanding the factors influencing uptake and adherence to exercise for people with chronic conditions from different ages, genders and ethnicities is important for planning exercise services. This paper presents evidence supporting a new model of exercise uptake and adherence applicable to people with chronic conditions from diverse socio-demographic backgrounds. The ...
Ramírez-Vélez Robinson - - 2011
Aim:  To evaluate the effect of regular aerobic exercise on the endothelial function and cardiorespiratory fitness in pregnant women. Method:  This was a randomized, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial of 64 healthy primigravid women between 16 and 20 weeks' gestation. The experimental group took part in aerobic exercise at an intensity ...
Gremeaux M - - 2011
Objective: To study the effects of three individualized exercise training prescriptions using either a percentage of maximal heart rate (HR), maximal 6-minute walk test (6MWT) HR, or maximal 200-metre fast walk test (200-mFWT) HR, on walking performance and exercise capacity in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Design: Controlled clinical study. ...
Aladro-Gonzalvo Arián R - - 2012
The purpose of this systematic review was to determine how Pilates exercises have impacted body composition (BC) on selected populations. A comprehensive literature search was performed using the keywords 'Pilates, body composition, systematic review, literature review, overweight, obesity, healthy weight, underweight' and their combination. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria ...
Nytrøen Kari - - 2011
: Partial normalization of the heart rate (HR) response can take place some time after heart transplantation (HTx), but the extent to which this occurs, its time course, and functional significance remain unclear. : Seventy-seven heart transplantation patients underwent an exercise test at approximately 1, 6, and 12 mos after ...
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