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Results 701 - 750 of 2028
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Finkenzeller T - - 2011
This study determined the effects of a skiing intervention lasting 12 weeks on the psycho-physiological reactivity to and recovery from mental stressors in individuals who are 60+ years of age. In accordance with the cross-stressor hypothesis, it was assumed that a skiing intervention optimizes psycho-physiological pre-conditions for coping with stress. ...
Gardiner Paul A - - 2011
Sedentary time (too much sitting, as distinct from lack of exercise) is a prevalent risk to health among older adults. Examine the feasibility of an intervention to reduce and break up sedentary time in older adults. A pre-experimental (pre-post) study. A total of 59 participants aged ≥60 years from Brisbane, ...
Gibbs Jenna C - - 2011
A high drive-for-thinness (DT) score obtained from the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 is associated with surrogate markers of energy deficiency in exercising women. The purposes of this study were to confirm the association between DT and energy deficiency in a larger population of exercising women that was previously published and to ...
Willoughby Darryn S - - 2011
Arginine-alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) supplements are alleged to increase nitric oxide production, thereby resulting in vasodilation during resistance exercise. This study sought to determine the effects of AAKG supplementation on hemodynamics and brachial-artery blood flow and the circulating levels of L-arginine, nitric oxide metabolites (NOx; nitrate/nitrite), asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA), and L-arginine:ADMA ...
Nishifuji Seiji - - 2011
The present paper investigated response of electroencephalogram (EEG) to aerobic exercise with low intensity after performing mental task with listening to acoustic stimuli in order to measure a recovery effect of the acute exercise on the EEG. The mean amplitude of the alpha wave (8-13 Hz) was significantly reduced during ...
Fuchs Reinhard - - 2011
Little is known about the long-term effects of group intervention programs targeting physical exercise. This paper reports on the effectiveness of MoVo-LISA, a theory-based (MoVo-concept) standardized intervention program. Participants are taught cognitive-behavioral strategies of goal-setting, action planning, barrier management, and self-monitoring. N = 220 in-patients of an orthopedic rehabilitation clinic ...
Bianchi A - - 2011
Background: Food-dependent-exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is characterized by anaphylactic symptoms after exercise following ingestion of food. We present a case of FDEIA induced by Rosacee fruits showing some diagnostic problems. A 12 years-old boy with seasonal allergy to olive and cypressus pollens, experienced two distinct episodes of FDEIA, grade 4 and ...
Roberts Simon P - - 2011
Abstract In this study, we investigated the effect of ingesting carbohydrate alone or carbohydrate with protein on functional and metabolic markers of recovery from a rugby union-specific shuttle running protocol. On three occasions, at least one week apart in a counterbalanced order, nine experienced male rugby union forwards ingested placebo, ...
Banting Lauren K - - 2011
This study examined the effect of motivational primes on participants (N = 171) during a cycling task. Relative to participants primed with a controlled motivational orientation, it was hypothesized that participants primed for autonomous motivation would report greater feelings of enjoyment, effort, and choice in relation to the cycling activity ...
Lee Jonah D - - 2011
Carbohydrate (CHO) consumption before anaerobic exercise was studied in 13 adolescent boys (15.2 ± 0.9 yrs). A within subjects design was employed where subjects consumed a 22% CHO or volume-matched placebo (PL) beverage 30-min before anaerobic exercise on two separate days. Exercise consisted of a Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT), ten ...
Nakao Shigetaka - - 2011
'Awa Odori Exercise -Rehabilitation version- was developed in 2006 for the new trial of physical exercise for the aging and the impaired person with lower balance performance in Tokushima prefecture, Japan. Public relations of this exercise had been spreading over Tokushima since then. The characteristics of the exercise were highly ...
Halamek J - - 2011
The excitation specificity of QT dynamic parameters was tested on three groups of subjects: healthy subjects; non-medicated hypertensive subjects with metabolic syndrome; and subjects with essential hypertension. Four different excitations of RR were used: bicycling exercise; tilt with breathing 0.1 and 0.33 Hz; and deep breathing. Linear dynamic feedback model ...
Carlsson M - - 2011
Loss of muscle mass is common among old people living in institutions but trials that evaluate interventions aimed at increasing the muscle mass are lacking. Objective, participants and intervention: This randomized controlled trial was performed to evaluate the effect of a high-intensity functional exercise program and a timed protein-enriched drink ...
Nakhostin-Roohi Babak - - 2011
Objective  This study was conducted to assess the effects of chronic daily methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) supplementation on known markers of oxidative stress following acute bouts of exercise in untrained healthy young men. Methods  Eighteen untrained men volunteered for this study. Participants were randomized in a double-blind placebo-controlled fashion into two groups: ...
Ekkekakis Panteleimon - - 2011
The public health problem of physical inactivity has proven resistant to research efforts aimed at elucidating its causes and interventions designed to alter its course. Thus, in most industrialized countries, the majority of the population is physically inactive or inadequately active. Most theoretical models of exercise behaviour assume that the ...
Kwon Hwi Ryun - - 2011
There is controversy over whether aerobic or resistance exercise is more effective for improving endothelial function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study was aimed to investigate the effects of an aerobic and resistance training program on endothelial function, and the influences of glycemic control, body weight changes, and ...
Kim Boram - - 2011
Takju is a Korean alcoholic beverage made from rice, and is brewed with the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of exercise training and moderate Takju consumption on learning ability in 6-week old Sprague-Dawley male rats. The rats were treated with exercise and alcohol for ...
Lustosa Lygia P - - 2011
Frailty syndrome in elderly people is characterized by a reduction of energy reserves and also by a decreased of resistance to stressors, resulting in an increase of vulnerability. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of a muscle-strengthening program with load in pre-frail elder women with regards ...
Wenzelburger Frauke W G - - 2011
AIMS: Current guidelines for the diagnosis of heart failure with normal or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are based on measurements at rest. However, in HFpEF ventricular dysfunction is more apparent on exercise. We hypothesized that Mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) which is easy to acquire on exercise could be ...
Park Se-Yeon - - 2011
No studies have examined the effects of an unstable surface on push-up and push-up plus exercises in terms of the two parts of the serratus anterior muscle. We hypothesized that the lower part of the serratus anterior would have greater activity with an unstable surface, which requires stabilizing the scapular ...
Savonen Kai P - - 2011
Background:  A slow heart rate recovery (HRR) after an exercise test is associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality in asymptomatic individuals, but the data regarding additional prognostic information provided by HRR beyond other exercise test variables are inconsistent. We investigated the prognostic significance of HRR for premature death, ...
Terry Peter C - - 2011
Music can provide ergogenic, psychological and psychophysical benefits during physical activity, especially when movements are performed synchronously with music. The present study developed the train of research on synchronous music and extended it to elite athletes using a repeated-measures laboratory experiment. Elite triathletes (n=11) ran in time to self-selected motivational ...
Hansen Keir T - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of set structure, in terms of repetition work:rest ratios on force, velocity and power during jump squat training. METHODS: Twenty professional and semi-professional rugby players performed training sessions comprising 4 sets of 6 repetitions of a jump squat using ...
Vieira Paulo J C - - 2011
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) increases local blood flow. It is not known whether increase in blood flow may be caused by inhibition of sympathetic activity, mediated by muscle metaboreflex activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of TENS on metaboreflex activation and heart rate variability ...
Pedrosa Roberto Coury - - 2011
Objective:  To determine the prevalence and the prognostic value of exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmia (EIVA) in chronic Chagas' heart disease. Study Design and Setting:  An open prospective cohort of 130 clinically stable patients at a University Hospital outpatient unit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was followed up at scheduled clinical visits ...
Hanon Christine - - 2011
Hanon, C, Rabate, M, and Thomas, C. Effect of expertise on postmaximal long sprint blood metabolite responses. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-The aim of this study was to describe and compare the blood metabolic responses obtained after a single maximal exercise in elite and less-successful athletes and to ...
Szturm Tony - - 2011
Background Due to the many problems associated with reduced balance and mobility, providing an effective and engaging rehabilitation regimen is essential to progress recovery from impairments and to help prevent further degradation of motor skills. Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and benefits of physical ...
Flores Débora F - - 2011
Flores, DF, Gentil, P, Brown, LE, Pinto, RS, Carregaro, RL, and Bottaro, M. Dissociated time course of recovery between genders after resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-Comparisons between men and women of time course responses of strength, delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), and muscle swelling after a resistance ...
Teichtahl Andrew J - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The bony articular surface contributes to a joint's congruency and might be a determinant of structural change. The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine i) whether the angle of the trochlear groove is associated with the rate of loss of patella cartilage volume over 2 years; and ...
Stickland Michael K - - 2011
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE:: Exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) occurs when vigorousexercise induces bronchoconstriction.Pre-exercise warm-up routines are frequently used to elicit a refractory period, and thus reduce or prevent EIB.To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of pre-exercise routines to attenuate EIB. METHODS:: A comprehensive literature search was performed, with steps taken ...
Iida Haruko - - 2011
Venous compliance declines with age and improves with chronic endurance exercise. KAATSU, an exercise combined with blood flow restriction (BFR), is a unique training method for promoting muscle hypertrophy and strength gains by using low-intensity resistance exercises or walking. This method also induces pooling of venous blood in the legs. ...
Krzemiński K - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of age on cardiovascular changes and plasma concentrations of adrenomedullin (ADM), catecholamines, endothelin-1 (ET-1) and plasma renin activity (PRA) in healthy men. A total of 15 young (21 ± 0.3 years) and 15 older (64 ± 0.7 years) healthy men performed two 3-min bouts of static ...
Liu N - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests that exercise improves functional outcome in animal models of cerebral ischemia. Since netrin-1 and its receptors, deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) and uncoordinated gene 5B (Unc5B), act as important regulators in neural and vascular activities, we sought to determine whether netrin-1 and DCC and Unc5B are involved ...
Reis Joana F - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether V˙O(2) kinetics and specifically, the time constant of transitions from rest to heavy (τ(p)H) and severe (τ(p)S) exercise intensities, are related to middle distance swimming performance. Fourteen highly trained male swimmers (mean±SD: 20.5±3.0 years; 75.4±12.4kg; 1.80±0.07m) performed a discontinuous incremental test, ...
Kavlak Yasemin - - 2011
This study was carried out with the aim of investigating the contribution of nerve mobilization exercises to the conservative treatment of tarsal tunnel syndrome. In this clinical trial, 28 patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups. The control group was composed of 14 patients who were treated conservatively with a ...
Antoine-Jonville S - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) is a promising submaximal index of exercise capacity, but its relationships to other indices characterizing physical fitness and ventilatory efficiency have not been widely investigated in heart failure. METHODS:: 63 male patients with stable chronic heart failure (CHF) performed a symptom-limited maximal exercise ...
Ferreira Andréa G K - - 2011
This study investigated whether physical exercise would reverse proline-induced performance deficits in water maze tasks, as well as its effects on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) immunocontent and brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in Wistar rats. Proline administration followed partial time (6th-29th day of life) or full time (6th-60th day of life) ...
Ahmadi Naser - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with insulin resistance, inflammation, metabolic dysfunction, and atherosclerosis. This study investigates the effects of weight loss, intense exercise, and moderate caloric restriction on insulin resistance, lipids, inflammatory biomarkers, carotid artery distensibility index (CaDI), and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT). METHODS: Seventeen sedentary morbidly obese contestants in ...
Chen Xiaoli - - 2011
It has been suggested that exercise following breast cancer diagnosis is inversely associated with mortality. However, controversy exists regarding the causality of such associations. We evaluated associations of exercise after breast cancer diagnosis with total mortality and recurrence/disease-specific mortality, accounting for conditions that restrict exercise participation. The analysis included 4,826 ...
Umemoto Y - - 2011
Non-randomized study. Previous studies indicated that at least 2-h leg exercise at more than 60% maximum oxygen consumption (VO(2)max) increased plasma interleukin (IL)-6 in able-bodied (AB) subjects. The purpose of the present study was to compare IL-6 response to arm exercise in AB subjects and persons with spinal cord injury ...
Teunissen L P J - - 2011
Aural canal temperature measurement using an ear mould integrated sensor (T(ac)) might be a method suited for continuous non-invasive core temperature estimation in operational settings. We studied the effect of ambient temperature, wind and high intensity exercise on T(ac) and its ability to predict esophageal (T(es)) and rectal temperatures (T(re)). ...
Wittmer Melanie - - 2011
Background: Despite the evidence of benefit many patients fail to adhere to cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This study aims at describing the rate, reasons, and predictors of dropout from CR, as well as expectations und satisfaction among participants. Methods: Prospective analysis of demographic, medical, and psychosocial data in a large cohort ...
Annesi James J - - 2011
Physical activity may affect weight loss largely through psychological pathways associated with eating changes, especially in obese individuals whose caloric expenditure through exercise is typically small. Direct testing of this is, however, lacking. Previously sedentary adults (N = 114; 77% female; M (age) = 43.3 years), with a minimum body mass index (BMI) of ...
Takada Shingo - - 2011
PURPOSE:: We demonstrated that blood flow restriction (BFR) remarkably enhances muscular metabolic stress in resistance exercise, although there is a wide range of individual differences in the responses. It is possible that these differences could be due to training status and muscular physiological characteristics. We investigated intramuscular metabolic responses during ...
Ostergaard Lars - - 2011
Aim:  To examine whether inhalation of CO(2) -enriched gas would increase steady state [Formula: see text] O(2) during exercise and enlarge O(2) deficit. Methods:  Ten physically active men ( [Formula: see text] O(2) max 53.7±3.6 mL(.) min(-1.) kg(-1) ; [Formula: see text] ± SD) performed transitions from low-load cycling (baseline; ...
Nogueira Leonardo - - 2011
The flavanol (-)-epicatechin, a component of cacao (cocoa), has been shown to have multiple health benefits in humans. Using 1-year-old male mice, we examined the effects of 15 days of (-)-epicatechin treatment and regular exercise on: (1) exercise performance, (2) muscle fatigue, (3) capillarity, and (4) mitochondrial biogenesis in mouse ...
Yao Yong-Jie - - 2011
Changes of venous compliance may contribute in part to postflight orthostatic intolerance. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether intermittent artificial gravity exposure with ergometric exercise could prevent venous compliance changes in the lower limbs due to simulated weightlessness. Twelve healthy male volunteers were exposed to simulated ...
Hu Dixie - - 2011
Obesity rates are alarming in various ethnocultural groups, particularly in Hispanics. With Hispanics being the fastest growing group to enter college, the aims of the current study were to examine patterns and correlates of exercise and dietary behaviors in Hispanic college students. Data were collected from 693 Hispanic undergraduates who ...
van Dieën Jaap H - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that fatigue due to exercises performed in training leads to a decrement of trunk stability in elite, female gymnasts. Nine female gymnasts participated in the study. To fatigue trunk muscles, four series of five dump handstands on the uneven ...
Donal Erwan - - 2011
The effects of aging and of sustained athletic activity on the heart in men aged >50 years are unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the adaptation of the heart in athletic and sedentary men aged <35 and ≥50 years. Echocardiograms recorded at rest and during submaximal exercise ...
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