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Results 651 - 700 of 2028
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Bouitbir Jamal - - 2011
Physical exercise exacerbates the cytotoxic effects of statins in skeletal muscle. Mitochondrial impairments may play an important role in the development of muscular symptoms following statin treatment. Our objective was to characterize mitochondrial function and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in skeletal muscle after exhaustive exercise in atorvastatin-treated rats. The ...
Gonzales Benoît R - - 2011
Gonzales, BR, Hagin, V, Guillot, R, Placet, V, and Groslambert, A. Effects of polyester jerseys on psycho-physiological responses during exercise in a hot and moist environment. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-With the general acceptance that extreme environments have a detrimental effect on thermoregulation and human performance, the aim ...
Ginsburg P - - 2011
Aim: To examine test-retest reliability of time and frequency domain heart rate variability (HRV) in patients 1 month after stroke during rest, paced breathing and light-to-moderate physical activity. Methods: Fifteen patients up to 1 month after stroke underwent two measurements of HRV, with the measurements 4 days apart. Measurements took ...
O'Donnell Denis E - - 2011
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: To better understand the inter-relationships between disease severity, inspiratory capacity, breathing pattern and dyspnea, we studied responses to symptom-limited cycle exercise in a large cohort with COPD. METHODS: Analysis was conducted on data from two previously published replicate clinical trials in 427 hyperinflated patients with COPD. Patients were ...
Doyle-Baker Patricia K - - 2011
The Biochemical Evaluation of a Health Intervention Programme (B.E. H.I.P.) investigated the impact of progressive exercise intensity in overweight and obese children. A 5-month prospective randomized crossover design (X(A), immediate intervention; O(B), control group; X(B), delayed intervention, O(A), postintervention follow-up) with a 10-week health intervention programme was employed. The intervention ...
Dobsak Petr - - 2011
Hemodialyzed (HD) patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) exhibit lower fitness as a consequence of chronic uremic changes that trigger various structural, metabolic, and functional abnormalities in skeletal muscles. The aim of this randomized study was to compare the effect of rehabilitation (RHB) training on a bicycle ergometer and electromyostimulation ...
Wen Chi Pang CP Institute of Population Science, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan. - - 2011
The health benefits of leisure-time physical activity are well known, but whether less exercise than the recommended 150 min a week can have life expectancy benefits is unclear. We assessed the health benefits of a range of volumes of physical activity in a Taiwanese population. In this prospective cohort study, ...
Shaw Leslee J - - 2011
There is a paucity of randomized trials regarding diagnostic testing in women with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). It remains unclear whether the addition of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) to the standard ECG exercise treadmill test (ETT) provides incremental information to improve clinical decision making in women with suspected CAD. ...
Corral Irma - - 2011
We examined the role of residential segregation in 5+ daily fruit/vegetable consumption, exercise, and overweight/obesity among African Americans by linking data on the 11,142 African American adults in the 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to 2000 census data on the segregation of metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs). Multi-level modeling revealed ...
Saeys Wim - - 2011
BACKGROUND: . Sitting balance and the ability to perform selective truncal movements are important predictors of functional outcome after stroke. However, few clinical trials have evaluated the effect of truncal exercises. OBJECTIVE: . The authors assessed the effect of additional truncal exercises on truncal function, standing balance, and mobility. METHODS: ...
Berry Tanya R - - 2011
Objective: This research explored whether implicit or explicit believability of exercise advertising predicted attitudes and intentions. It was hypothesized that implicit believability would be a stronger predictor of attitudes than explicit believability and that implicit believability would predict intentions. Method: Undergraduate student participants (N = 306) viewed health promotion or ...
Mizutani Kenmei - - 2011
Identification of functional molecules in the brain related to improvement of the degree of paralysis or increase of activities will contribute to establishing a new treatment strategy for stroke rehabilitation. Hence, protein expression changes in the cerebral cortex of rat groups with/without voluntary exercise using a running wheel after cerebral ...
I Schmid Albrecht - - 2011
Alternate methods to quantify mitochondrial activity or function have been extensively used for studying insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus, namely saturation transfer and phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery. As these methods are in fact determining different parameters, this study aimed to compare saturation transfer results to PCr recovery measurements within ...
Osada Takuya - - 2011
Aim:  To examine the blood flow (BF) response in the lower abdomen (LAB) in recovery following upright cycling exercise at three levels of relative maximum pulmonary oxygen consumption (VO(2max) ), and the relationship of BF(LAB) to heart rate (HR) and target intensity. Methods:  For 11 healthy subjects, BF (Doppler ultrasound) ...
Bobinski F - - 2011
Here, we established a program of low-intensity aerobic exercise and compared the effects of exercise preoperative, postoperative, and a combination of both pre- and postoperative protocols on recovery from sciatic nerve crush injury in mice using behavioral, biochemical, and morphological assays. Sciatic nerve crush was performed in adult male mice. ...
Lin Che-Fu - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether different modes of single-bout exercise would cause different responses in short-term bone metabolism. 24 untrained male college students (19.1 ± 0.1 years old) were recruited and randomly assigned to three groups: (1) a single-bout plyometric exercise group (the PL group, n = 8), (2) a 200-meter × 10 ...
Kelly Peta J - - 2011
PURPOSE:: It has now been established that exercise performed under various environmental conditions may affect acute energy intake and appetite related hormones. The exact mechanism linking acute energy intake and exercise remains unknown, although indirect evidence suggests a possible role for hydration status. Therefore the purpose of this study was ...
Mezzani Alessandro - - 2011
Abstract Our objective was to correlate skeletal muscle mass (SM) with cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) descriptors of exercise capacity in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and compare ALS CPET data with those of patients with mitochondrial myopathy (MM) and normal subjects (N). Twenty-four early-stage ALS patients (63±11 years) underwent ...
Hill Kylie - - 2011
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to: (i) determine which tests of exercise capacity relate to average daily energy expenditure (DEE) and; (ii) quantify aerobic reserve during daily life in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 26 people with COPD ...
Barnes Jill N - - 2011
BackgroundChronic systemic inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation and an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Currently few studies have evaluated the potential cardiovascular benefits of exercise in SLE. It is unknown whether ...
Mohr Magni - - 2011
The effect of oral caffeine ingestion on intense intermittent exercise performance and muscle interstitial ion concentrations was examined. The study consists of two studies (S1 and S2). In S1, 12 subjects completed the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 2 (Yo-Yo IR2) test with prior caffeine (6 mg/kg body wt; CAF) or ...
Shim Chi Young - - 2011
BackgroundObesity is associated with arterial stiffening, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, and diastolic dysfunction. However, there is no data regarding dynamic changes in arterial hemodynamics with exercise in overweight subjects. We hypothesized that overweight women would show a different exercise response in wave reflection compared with lean women.MethodsA total of 59 ...
Miller Wendy M - - 2012
Obese individuals have reduced cardiorespiratory fitness as compared with leaner counterparts. Regular exercise maintains or increases fitness and lean body mass. Lean body mass, in turn, has a direct impact on resting metabolic rate (RMR). Given these relationships, we sought to evaluate the association between RMR and cardiorespiratory fitness in ...
McCormack Shana E SE Program in Nutritional Metabolism and Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, LON 207, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2011
Periods of rapid growth require an increase in energy use and substrate formation. Mitochondrial function contributes to each of these and therefore may play a role in longitudinal growth. Twenty-nine children and adolescents of ages 8-15 yr were enrolled in a comprehensive longitudinal assessment of glucose homeostasis and mitochondrial function. ...
Taylor Conor - - 2011
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that adding caffeine to postexercise carbohydrate (CHO) feedings improves subsequent high-intensity interval-running capacity compared with CHO alone. In a repeated-measures design, 6 men performed a glycogen-depleting exercise protocol until volitional exhaustion in the morning. Immediately after and at 1, 2, ...
Archer Trevor - - 2011
In two experiments, MPTP was administered to C57/BL6 mice according to a single-dose weekly regime (MPTP: 1 × 30 mg/kg on the fifth day of the week, Friday, over 4 weeks) with vehicle group (Vehicle: 1 × 5 ml/kg) treated concurrently. Exercise schedules (delayed) were introduced either at the beginning of the week after the second MPTP ...
Bernecker C - - 2011
Regular physical activity of moderate intensity improves cardiovascular risk factors including low-grade inflammation. However, acute vigorous exercise such as marathon running results in marked increases of circulating pro-inflammatory markers. Up to now, the origin of this pro-inflammatory boost is still debated equivocally. We analyzed the change of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor ...
Cheng I-Shiung - - 2011
Glycogen stored in skeletal muscle is the main fuel for endurance exercise. The present study examined the effects of oral hydroxycitrate (HCA) supplementation on post-meal glycogen synthesis in exercised human skeletal muscle. Eight healthy male volunteers (aged 22·0 (se 0·3) years) completed a 60-min cycling exercise at 70-75 % \dot {>V}O_{2\hairsp ...
Rutherford S - - 2011
A three-year-old Welsh terrier was presented with a 6-month history of progressive stertor, exercise intolerance and sneezing which was unresponsive to symptomatic treatment. A large calcified mass occupying the entire rostral right nasal cavity was defined with computed tomography. The mass was completely removed via a dorsal rhinotomy. Histopathological examination ...
Sıktar Elif - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate temperature dependent effects of oral l-carnitine supplementation on exhaustive exercise induced oxidative damage in rats. 42 male Spraque Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven experimental groups. These groups were formed as three non-carnitine exercise groups, three carnitine-exercise groups and a sedentary ...
Gomes da Silva Sérgio - - 2011
We conducted a study to examine whether physical exercise undertaken during the period of postnatal brain development could modify seizure susceptibility later in life. Male Wistar rats aged 21 postnatal days (P21) were divided into two groups: exercise and control. Animals in the exercise group were submitted to daily exercise ...
Fernandes Rômulo Araújo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia is increasing in many parts of Brazil, but it is yet unclear how much exercise is needed to attain beneficial effects on plasma lipoprotein levels. OBJECTIVE: The study analyzed eight cities of the state of São Paulo, the association between the continued practice of physical ...
Cricchio Mike - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative review. INTRODUCTION: A well-constructed rehabilitation program of the shoulder complex is critical to stabilizing the scapulothoracic and scapulohumeral joints while encouraging normal scapulohumeral rhythm. Review of the literature demonstrates a variety of scapulothoracic and glenohumeral conditioning exercises. PURPOSE: To assist the occupational and physical therapist in prioritizing ...
Kumar Ashok A Department of Neuroscience, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610-0244, - - 2012
Aged (20-22 months) male Fischer 344 rats were randomly assigned to sedentary (A-SED), environmentally-enriched (A-ENR), or exercise (A-EX) conditions. After 10-12 weeks of differential experience, the 3 groups of aged rats and young sedentary controls were tested for physical and cognitive function. Spatial discrimination learning and memory consolidation, tested on ...
Polidoulis I - - 2011
Inconsistent study findings of exercise on areal bone density highlight the need to include parameters of bone geometry and volumetric bone density measurements. Using a systematic review and meta-analysis, we found a decrease in bone loss through the maintenance of cortical and trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (BMD). Studies with ...
Broad Elizabeth M - - 2011
The effects of 15 d of supplementation with L-carnitine L-tartrate (LC) on metabolic responses to graded-intensity exercise under conditions of altered substrate availability were examined. Fifteen endurance-trained male athletes undertook exercise trials after a 2-d high-carbohydrate diet (60% CHO, 25% fat) at baseline (D0), on Day 14 (D14), and after ...
Tsai Sen-Wei - - 2011
Exercise can improve and maintain neural or muscular function, but the effects of exercise in physiological adaptation to paralysis caused by botulinum toxin A has not been well studied. Twenty-four rats were randomly assigned into control and treadmill groups. The rats assigned to the treadmill group were trained on a ...
Fu Li - - 2011
Exercise training may decrease insulin resistance (IR) and increase glucose tolerance. However, the adaptive responses in skeletal muscle at the molecular and genetic level have not been clearly understood. Here we used oligonucleotide microarray analysis to dissect the effects of high-fat diet (HFD) and regular aerobic exercise on global gene ...
Sankaralingam Sowndramalingam - - 2011
Endothelial dysfunction of the maternal vasculature induced by pro-oxidants may contribute to the development of preeclampsia. Obesity results in vascular inflammation and oxidative stress and is therefore a risk factor for preeclampsia. Regular exercise is known to induce antioxidants. We recently demonstrated that stretchers (subjects who performed low-intensity exercises) had ...
Coco Marinella - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to examine the association of high blood lactate levels, induced with a maximal cycling or with an intravenous infusion, with spinal cord excitability. The study was carried out on 17 male athletes; all the subjects performed a maximal cycling test on a mechanically ...
Hölmich Per P Arthroscopic Center Amager, Copenhagen University Hospital, Italiensvej 1, Copenhagen S, Denmark. - - 2011
The treatment of exercise-related injuries is often a problem, and recurrent injuries are common. Two recent systematic reviews found only one high-quality paper on the treatment of long-standing groin pain. In this randomized clinical trial, a training program including strength training resulted in a return of 79% of the athletes ...
Ferrer-García Juan Carlos - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of a home-based physical exercise program on quality of life, metabolic control, and anthropometric and biochemical parameters in people over 60 years of age with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Eighty-four Spanish patients aged over 60 years were finally randomized to participate in a home-based, ...
Gibbs Jenna C - - 2011
A high drive-for-thinness (DT) score obtained from the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 is associated with surrogate markers of energy deficiency in exercising women. The purposes of this study were to confirm the association between DT and energy deficiency in a larger population of exercising women that was previously published and to ...
Finkenzeller T - - 2011
This study determined the effects of a skiing intervention lasting 12 weeks on the psycho-physiological reactivity to and recovery from mental stressors in individuals who are 60+ years of age. In accordance with the cross-stressor hypothesis, it was assumed that a skiing intervention optimizes psycho-physiological pre-conditions for coping with stress. ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Supervised exercise may have positive effects on motivation and continued exercise in cancer survivors but few randomized controlled trials have examined this issue. Here, we report the motivational outcomes and longer term exercise behavior from the Healthy Exercise for Lymphoma Patients (HELP) trial. METHODS:: Lymphoma patients were randomly assigned ...
Niederseer D - - 2011
Numerous studies have shown that treatment of the modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) results in a decreased risk to suffer from stroke or myocardial infarction. Despite the fact that exercise training is a potent treatment choice for CVRF, this is the first randomized study to assess the effects of alpine ...
Nakao Shigetaka - - 2011
'Awa Odori Exercise -Rehabilitation version- was developed in 2006 for the new trial of physical exercise for the aging and the impaired person with lower balance performance in Tokushima prefecture, Japan. Public relations of this exercise had been spreading over Tokushima since then. The characteristics of the exercise were highly ...
de Araújo Rodrigo Cappato - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine if performing isometric 3-point kneeling exercises on a Swiss ball influenced the isometric force output and EMG activities of the shoulder muscles when compared with performing the same exercises on a stable base of support. Twenty healthy adults performed the isometric 3-point ...
Lustosa Lygia P - - 2011
Frailty syndrome in elderly people is characterized by a reduction of energy reserves and also by a decreased of resistance to stressors, resulting in an increase of vulnerability. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of a muscle-strengthening program with load in pre-frail elder women with regards ...
Lindgärde Folke - - 2011
Background: Adipose tissue is a source of inflammatory cytokines which may influence insulin action. Aim: To evaluate exercise effects on plasma (p)-levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-&#945; , and interleukin (IL)-6 in Peruvian Amerindian women. Material and Methods: After five years of observation during which p-glucose deteriorated and weight increased, ...
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