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Macrae Braid A - - 2011
Sporting compression garments (CG) are used widely during exercise despite little evidence of benefits. The purpose of this study was to investigate coverage and pressure effects of full-body CG on cardiovascular and thermoregulatory function at rest and during prolonged exercise, and on exercise performance. Twelve recreationally trained male cyclists [mean ...
Deplanque Dominique - - 2012
In the present subanalysis of a cross-sectional study showing the favorable effect of prior transient ischemia, leisure-time physical activity, and lipid-lowering drug therapy on stroke severity, we aimed to evaluate whether previous physical activity was dose dependently associated to minor stroke (NIHSS 0-3) and to identify possible underlying factors. Among ...
Lowres Nicole - - 2011
Background: The burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) is escalating even though it is potentially modifiable. Affected persons, at high risk of stroke and death, are typically not targeted for risk reduction. We aimed to determine if risk-factor interventions can improve physical functioning, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and cardiovascular risk ...
Wolfe Alyson E - - 2011
Stretching has been implemented as part of the warm-up before physical events and widely thought to promote increased sport performance and decreased injury risk. However, recent research has concluded that static stretching prior to many exercises inhibits acute power, strength and sprinting performance. There is little research examining the time-course ...
Garner Dena P - - 2011
Garner, DP, Dudgeon, WD, and McDivitt, EJ. The effects of mouthpiece use on cortisol levels during an intense bout of resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2010-Research has suggested mouthpiece use during exercise results in an increase in muscle strength and endurance. However, the research is difficult to ...
Varela-Sanz Adrian - - 2011
Varela-Sanz, A, España, J, Carr, N, Boullosa, DA, and Esteve-Lanao, J. Effects of gradual-elastic compression stockings on running economy, kinematics and performance in runners. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-We investigated the effect of gradual-elastic compression stockings (GCSs) on running economy (RE), kinematics, and performance in endurance runners. Sixteen ...
Loose Brant D - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the consistency of the Counting Talk Test (CTT) method for estimating exercise intensity across various modes of exercise in healthy young adults. Thirty-six individuals completed the study which required participation in three separate sessions within a two-week time period. During the first ...
Soo Jackie - - 2011
Objective:  We present the longest follow-up, to date, of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York City firefighters who participated in the rescue/recovery effort. Methods:  We examined data from 11 006 WTC-exposed firefighters who completed 40 672 questionnaires and reported ...
Perret C - - 2011
Study design:Prospective, experimental study.Objective:To investigate whether the heart rate (HR) at lactate minimum (LMHR)determined by means of a HR-guided lactate minimum test (LMT) corresponds to the HR at maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) in wheelchair-racing athletes.Setting:Institute of Sports Medicine.Methods:Eight well-trained wheelchair-racing athletes (mean age: 33±12 years; height: 169±12 cm; body mass: ...
Nascimento Sl - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Nascimento S, Surita F, Parpinelli M, Siani S, Pinto e Silva J. The effect of an antenatal physical exercise programme on maternal/perinatal outcomes and quality of life in overweight and obese pregnant women: a randomised clinical trial. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03084.x. Objective  To evaluate the ...
Hofer M - - 2011
PURPOSE: Based on evaluation data from participant feedback, a concept was to be developed for introductory abdominal ultrasound courses lasting several days. This approach was to be developed incrementally with the intent of maximizing the learning effect per time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This concept has been modified annually over several ...
DE Mello Costa M F - - 2011
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) level measurement in blood samples is an important tool in human medicine for the detection, treatment and control of diseases such as sarcoidosis and hypertension. Recently ACE has been advocated as being correlated to athletic aptitude in human athletes and a genetic polymorphism has been shown ...
Huebschmann Amy G - - 2011
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is an example of a disease process that results in decrements in function additional to those imposed by the inexorable 'primary aging' process. These decrements due to disease, rather than primary aging, can be termed 'secondary aging', and include the premature development (as early as ...
Eijsvogels Thijs M H - - 2012
Elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a marker for cardiac damage, has been reported after high-intensity exercise in healthy subjects. Currently, little is known about the impact of prolonged moderate-intensity exercise on cTnI release, but also the impact of obesity on this response. 97 volunteers (55 men and 42 women), stratified ...
de Senna Priscylla Nunes - - 2011
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with neurocognitive dysfunction and astrogliosis. Physical exercise prevents cognitive impairments and induces important brain modifications. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of treadmill exercise on spatial memory and astrocytic function in the hippocampus of a T1DM model. Fifty-seven Wistar ...
Morley Julia - - 2011
Occupational injuries are common among firefighters who perform strenuous physical exertion in extreme heat. The thermal protective clothing (TPC) worn by firefighters inhibits normal thermoregulation, placing the firefighter at risk of hypohydration and hyperthermia that may result in cognitive decline. We tested whether cognitive function changes after treadmill exercise in ...
Saarto T - - 2011
The ability of combined step aerobic- and circuit-training to prevent bone loss after breast cancer treatments was related to skeletal site and patients' menopausal status. Among premenopausal breast cancer survivors, a 12-month exercise intervention completely prevented bone loss at the femoral neck, whereas no exercise effect was seen at lumbar ...
Kilbride Lynn - - 2011
Aims and objectives.  To enable people with Type 1 diabetes to exercise safely by investigating the reproducibility of the glucose response to an algorithm for carbohydrate and insulin adjustment during and after exercise compared to their self-management strategies. Background.  Difficulties in managing blood glucose levels in Type 1 diabetes whilst ...
Varkey Emma - - 2011
Scientific evidence regarding exercise in migraine prophylaxis is required. Therefore this study aimed to evaluate the effects of exercise in migraine prevention. In a randomized, controlled trial of adults with migraine, exercising for 40 minutes three times a week was compared to relaxation according to a recorded programme or daily ...
Chew Derek P - - 2011
Aims:  We sought to assess a broad array of possible precipitants of Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) and evaluate their association with detectable inflammatory activation. Methods and Results:  Within a case-crossover design, using a standardized questionnaire, interviews among 348 ST-elevation MI (44%) or high-risk non-ST-elevation ACS patients (56%), explored potential precipitants ...
Gill Laura - - 2011
Background: The effect of patient education on reducing stroke has had mixed effects, raising questions about how to achieve optimal benefit. Because past evaluations have typically lacked an appropriate theoretical base, the design of past research may have missed important effects. Method: This study used a social cognitive framework to ...
Naredo Esperanza - - 2011
This article reports the most recent work of the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Ultrasound Task Force, and highlights the future research priorities discussed at the OMERACT 10 meeting. Results of the following studies were presented: (1) intra- and interobserver reliability of ultrasound detecting and scoring synovitis in different joints ...
Winkler Patricia A - - 2011
: Training to improve responses to perturbations may be beneficial for individuals with unilateral vestibular dysfunction. We evaluated the effects of an incrementally increasing surface tilt perturbation intervention for individuals with chronic vestibular pathology on gait, activities of daily living, and dizziness. : Participants (n = 29) were randomly assigned ...
Lazzer Stefano - - 2011
Our objective was to determine the effects of long-lasting endurance events on the energy cost of running (C (r)), and the role of maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)), its fractional utilisation (F) and C (r) in determining the performance. Ten healthy runners (age range 26-59 years) participated in an ultra-endurance competition consisting ...
Abed Kaïs El - - 2011
El Abed, K, Rebai, H, Bloomer, RJ, Trabelsi, K, Masmoudi, L, Zbidi, A, Sahnoun, Z, Hakim, and A Tabka, Z. Antioxidant status and oxidative stress at rest and in response to acute exercise in judokas and sedentary men. J Strength Cond Res 25(9): 2400-2409, 2011. It is well recognized that ...
Ardigò Luca P - - 2011
Research on endurance locomotion has mainly focused on elite athletes rather than common middle-aged subjects. Our report describes the physiological and hematological adaptation of a healthy, active 62-year-old man who trekked alone along a 1300 km/3 month course of Alpine paths (Via Alpina). The following procedures were conducted: pre- and ...
Garner Dena P - - 2011
The authors conducted a study to assess the effects of custom-fitted mouthpieces on gas exchange parameters, including volume of oxygen consumption over time [corrected] (VO(2)), volume of oxygen consumption over time per kilogram of body weight [corrected] (VO(2) /kg) and volume of carbon dioxide production over time [corrected] (VO(2)). Sixteen ...
Boos C J - - 2011
Recently published case reports, coupled with a large observational study of 1017 deployed servicemen to Iraq (January 2009), has highlighted the issue and potential concerns regarding the unregulated use of dietary and exercise supplements within the British military. Consequently, an exploratory pilot study was undertaken to assess whether the findings ...
Vanbruggen Mitch D - - 2011
The effect of exercise intensity on the tracking of serum and salivary cortisol responses was examined in 12 endurance-trained males (maximal oxygen uptake [VO2max] = 58.2 ± 6.4 mL/kg/min). Subjects rested for 30 min (control) and exercised on a cycle ergometer for 30 min at 40% (low), 60% (moderate), and ...
Rakkhong Kasalong - - 2011
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is a condition that leads to limited participation in sports. Prevalence of EIB ranges from 5-20% in general population to 40 - 90% in asthmatic patients. But the prevalence among rhinitis children with EIB remains debatable. We aimed to determine the prevalence of EIB in nonasthmatic children ...
Temple Viviene A - - 2011
We examined the feasibility of a using a peer-guided model to foster participation of youth with intellectual disability in community-based exercise. The intervention was designed to address personal barriers to exercise commonly faced by individuals with intellectual disability. Twenty adolescents with mild-moderate intellectual disability and 14 typically developing peers exercised ...
Harrison Andrew J - - 2011
Many sport and exercise activities require powerful movements of the upper body. Despite their importance, there is a paucity of research examining stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) activities occurring in the upper limbs. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of fatigue on throwing performance (height of throw) and ...
Marchant David C - - 2011
The influence of internal (movement focus) and external (outcome focus) attentional-focusing instructions on muscular endurance were investigated using three exercise protocols with experienced exercisers. Twenty-three participants completed a maximal repetition, assisted bench-press test on a Smith's machine. An external focus of attention resulted in significant (p < .05) improvements in ...
Rodrigues Vinícius M - - 2011
Rodrigues, VM, Ramos, GP, Mendes, TT, Cabido, CET, Melo, ES, Condessa, LA, Coelho, DB, and Silami-Garcia, E. Intensity of official futsal matches. J Strength Cond Res 25(9): 2482-2487, 2011-The purpose of this study was to assess the intensity of official Futsal matches, expressed in different ways. Fourteen male professional Futsal ...
Dellal Alexandre - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of the number of ball touches authorized per possession on the physical demands, technical performances and physiological responses throughout the bouts within 4 vs. 4 soccer small-sided games (SSGs). Twenty international soccer players (27.4 ± 1.5 y, 180.6 ± 2.3 ...
Belavy D L - - 2011
We examined the effects of bed-rest, recovery and exercise countermeasures on bone density and structure at the distal tibia and radius as measured via high-resolution peripheral computed tomography. 24 subjects underwent 60-days of head-down tilt bed-rest and performed either resistive vibration exercise (RVE; n=7), resistive exercise only (RE; n=8) or ...
Mesquita Soares T C - - 2011
This descriptive case study aimed at assessing body's composition and impact on biochemical markers of people living with HIV/AIDS (S1=male-1, S2=female-1) undergoing a four-month intervention program of resistance exercises. Was analyzed the lipid profile (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides serum), immunological parameters (CD4 and viral load/VL) and morphological parameters ...
Zhang Yuhai - - 2011
: In this study, a comparison of motor recovery on hypertensive putaminal hematoma (HPH) with 30 mL or more has been made between conventional treatment and decompressive craniectomy (DC) combined with electroacupuncture (EA). This study aims to examine whether transsylvian-transinsular approach (TTA) to HPH evacuation, DC, and EA have additional ...
States Rebecca A - - 2011
: Aerobic and strengthening exercises have been shown to benefit people with Parkinson's disease (PD) on the basis of highly structured, short-term, clinical protocols. This study extended previous research by investigating feasibility of an ongoing, community-based, group exercise program for people with PD on the basis of short-term (10 weeks) ...
Bellet R Nicole - - 2011
Bellet RN, Francis RL, Jacob JS, Healy KM, Bartlett HJ, Adams L, Morris NR. Repeated six-minute walk tests for outcome measurement and exercise prescription in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation: a longitudinal study. To determine whether repeated 6-minute walk tests (6MWTs) are required for outcome measurement and exercise prescription in a typical ...
Baraliakos Xenofon - - 2011
The ASAS/OMERACT MRI group recently described and defined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in sacroiliac joints (SIJ) that are essential for the diagnosis of sacroiliitis in patients with axial spondyloarthritis, including ankylosing spondylitis (AS). At the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Clinical Trials (OMERACT) 2010 meeting, a special interest group (SIG) ...
Banerjee Subhash - - 2011
The relationship of peripheral arterial mean translesional pressure gradient (TLG) to presenting symptom, functional impairment, and initial noninvasive ABI assessments has never been established. To evaluate the association between TLG, severity of walking impairment, rest and exercise ankle-brachial indices (ABI). TLG in 19 patients presenting with claudication and single superficial ...
Uchiyama Kaoru - - 2011
Objectives: This study was conducted to clarify the physical and mental features of elderly persons who experienced group exercise for care prevention. Method: A group consisting of 92 elderly persons who had finished the group exercise program, one of the care prevention projects, in a town was surveyed (the experienced ...
Kim Tae-Wook - - 2011
Abstract We assessed the effect of caffeine on sudomotor activity and sweating sensitivity during physical loading. Both physiological responses could occur due to energy expenditure. Subjects were 13 athletically trained males (22.1±3.7 years old, 174.2±5.4 cm tall, and weighing 70.9±4.6 kg, with maximal oxygen consumption [VO(2)max] of 53.6±4.4 mL/kg/minute). The study involved a ...
Tutar Nuri - - 2011
The bleachery procedure is the most frequent method used to decolorize denims since sandblasting has been shown to cause silicosis. The aim of this study was to determined the prevalence of occupational asthma among denim bleachery workers in Kayseri. The study was conducted in 4 factories, in which jean bleachery ...
Shargal E - - 2011
Previous studies have suggested the use of the FlexHR method for predicting daily energy expenditure in various populations. We investigated the stability of the relation between oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate (HR) in obese subjects undergoing a fitness and weight reduction program. Eleven obese (BMI>30) healthy subjects (6 males, ...
Pressler Axel - - 2011
Background: Correction for body composition is recommended for appropriate interpretation of equivocally altered cardiac dimensions. We sought to investigate the impact of body composition on athletés heart. Methods: Left ventricular mass (LVM), septal wall thickness (SWT) and end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) were measured by echocardiography in 1051 elite athletes (26% female, ...
Nickel Thomas - - 2011
The focus of this study was to assess exercise-induced alterations of circulating dendritic cell (DC) subpopulations and toll-like receptor (TLR) expression after marathon running. Blood sampling was performed in 15 obese non-elite (ONE), 16 lean non-elite (LNE) and 16 lean elite (LE) marathon runners pre- and post-marathon as well as ...
Campi-Azevedo Ana Carolina - - 2011
Exercise promotes transitory alterations in cytokine secretion, and these changes are affected by exercise duration and intensity. Considering that exercise responses also are affected by environmental factors, the goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of water temperature on the cytokine response to maximum swimming. Swiss mice ...
Mayo Nancy E - - 2011
Abdominal surgery represents a physiologic stress and is associated with a period of recovery during which functional capacity is often diminished. "Prehabilitation" is a program to increase functional capacity in anticipation of an upcoming stressor. We reported recently the results of a randomized trial comparing 2 prehabilitation programs before colorectal ...
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