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Mosti M P MP 1Department of Cancer Research and Molecular medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway 2Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, St Olav's University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway 4Department of Endocrinology, St Olav's University Hospital, Trondheim, - - 2014
Exercise guidelines highlight maximizing bone mass early in life as a strategy to prevent osteoporosis. Which intervention that is most effective for this purpose remains unclear. This study investigated the musculoskeletal effects of high acceleration, maximal strength training (MST) in young adult women. Thirty healthy women (22±2 years) were randomly ...
Mosavat Maryam - - 2014
The effects of high and low jumping exercise intensities combined with honey on bone and gonadotrophins were investigated in eighty four 9 week-old female rats. The experimental groups were 20 or 80 jumps per day combined with or without honey supplementation (HJ20, HJ80, J20 and J80), honey supplementation (H), sedentary ...
Styner Maya M Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Marrow adipose tissue (MAT), associated with skeletal fragility and hematologic insufficiency, remains poorly understood and difficult to quantify. We tested the response of MAT to high fat diet (HFD) and exercise using a novel volumetric analysis, and compared it to measures of bone quantity. We hypothesized that HFD would increase ...
Daly Robin M RM Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria, Australia, 3125, - - 2014
Regular exercise and adequate nutrition, particularly dietary calcium, vitamin D, and protein, are prescribed as strategies to optimize peak bone mass and maintain bone and muscle health throughout life. Although the mechanism of action of exercise and nutrition on bone and muscle health are different-exercise has a site-specific modifying effect, ...
Stabley John N JN 1Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology and the Center for Exercise Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; 2Department of Physiology and Functional Genomics, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
The principal nutrient artery to the femur demonstrates an increase in nitric oxide mediated vasodilation in rats after treadmill exercise training. The present study sought to determine whether exercise training improves hindlimb bone and marrow blood flow distribution at rest and during exercise. Six-eight month old male Sprague-Dawley rats were ...
Huang Tsang-Hai TH Institute of Physical Education, Health and Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
Dietary methionine restriction (MR) has been suggested to be comparable to endurance exercise with respect to its beneficial effects on health. To further investigate the effects of MR and endurance exercise on growing bone, 7-wk-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed different l-methionine (Met)-containing diets with or without endurance exercise intervention ...
Jessen Niels N Research Laboratory for Biochemical Pathology, Institute for Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Denmark; Department of Molecular Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Regular physical exercise has undisputed health benefits in the prevention and the treatment of many diseases. Understanding the mechanisms that regulate adaptations to exercise training therefore has obvious clinical perspectives. Several lines of evidence suggest that the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has a central role as a master metabolic regulator ...
Sly Emma E Herts and Essex Community Hospital, Bishops Stordford, Herts, - - 2014
Current research has shown that exercise induces an increase in spinal range of motion (ROM) which is primarily due to spinal creep. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding the cause of spinal creep; some believe it is due to the warm up effect of exercise while others believe ...
Giangregorio L M LM Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada, - - 2014
An international consensus process identified the following research priorities in osteoporosis and exercise: study of exercise in high-risk cohorts, evaluation of multimodal interventions, research examining translation into practice and a goal to examine fracture outcomes. To identify future research priorities related to exercise for people with osteoporosis with and without ...
Mieritz Rune M RM Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several therapies have been used in the treatment of chronic low back pain, including various exercise strategies and spinal manipulative therapy. A common belief is that spinal motion changes in particular ways in direct response to specific interventions, such as exercise or spinal manipulation. The purpose of this study was ...
Maïmoun Laurent L Service de Médecine Nucléaire (L.M.), Hôpital Lapeyronie, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire (CHRU) de Montpellier and Université Montpellier 1 (UM1), 34295 Montpellier, France; Département d'Hormonologie (L.M., C.S.), Hôpital Lapeyronie, CHRU Montpellier, 34295 Montpellier, France; Physiologie et Médecine Expérimentale du Cœur et des Muscles (L.M.), INSERM Unité 1046, Université Montpellier 1 (UM1) and Université Montpellier 2 (UM2), 34295 Montpellier, France; Division of Reproductive Endocrinology (N.A.G.), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Patras Medical School, University Hospital, Patras 265 04, Greece; and Unité d'Endocrinologie et Gynécologie Pédiatrique (C.S.), Département de Pédiatrie, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, CHRU Montpellier et UM1, 34295 Montpellier, - - 2014
Context: Puberty is a crucial period of dramatic hormonal changes, accelerated growth, attainment of reproductive capacity, and acquisition of peak bone mass. Participation in recreational physical activity is widely acknowledged to provide significant health benefits in this period. Conversely, intense training imposes several constraints, such as training stress and maintenance ...
Gombos Császár G G University of Pécs Faculty of Health Sciences Zalaegerszeg Hungary Landorhegyi utca 33 H-8900 Zalaegerszeg - - 2014
As a prevention, a physically active lifestyle including the performance of weight-bearing exercises is important to enhance and maintain bone mineral content. Fifty young women were selected for the study. Twenty-five women carried out a specific training directed by a physiotherapist in the training group (TG), while 25 women were ...
Hsu Wei-Hsiu WH Sports Medicine Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Chia Yi, Chang Gung University, Chia Yi, Taiwan; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Chia Yi, Chang Gung University, Chia Yi, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of circuit exercise and Tai Chi exercise on body composition in middle-aged and older women. The present cohort study included 180 women (aged 45-75 years) who were divided into a circuit exercise group, Tai Chi group and control group. The exercise program consisted of 60 min of ...
Nilsson Martin M Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Center for Bone and Arthritis Research at the Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Previous studies have reported an association between exercises during youth and increased areal bone mineral density at old age. The primary aim of this study was to investigate if exercise during growth was independently associated with greater cortical bone size and whole bone strength in weight-bearing bone in old men. ...
Abreu Eduardo L EL Eduardo L. Abreu, MD, DEng, is Assistant Professor, Muscle Biology Research Group, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri-Kansas City. An-Lin Cheng, PhD, is Associate Professor; Patricia J. Kelly, PhD, is Professor; and Keyna Chertoff, MS, is Senior Research Associate, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri-Kansas City. Leticia Brotto, MD, is Research Associate & Laboratory Manager, Muscle Biology Research Group, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri-Kansas City. Elizabeth Griffith, BS, is Adult/Older Adult Program Manager, Clay County Public Health Center, Liberty, MO. Glenda Kinder, FNP, is Nutrition & Health Education Specialist, University of Missouri Extension, St. Louis. Tina Uridge, MS, is Executive Director, Clay County Senior Services, Gladstone, MO. Rob Zachow, PhD, is Associate Professor, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ. Marco Brotto, BSN, MS, PhD, is Dale and Dorothy Thompson Missouri Endowed Professor of Nursing Research, Director Muscle Biology Research Group, School of Nursing and Health Studies and School of Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas - - 2014
Loss of muscle mass and strength (i.e., sarcopenia) in the older adults is a strong predictor of falls, with subsequent morbidity and inability to execute activities of daily living. Use of biomarkers may enhance assessment of effects of community-based exercise interventions aimed at improving muscle strength. The aim of this ...
Zhang J J Evidence-Based Medicine Group, Department of Spine Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 415 Fengyang Road, Shanghai, 200003, - - 2014
Exercise has been recommended to increase bone mass and prevent osteoporosis. While current treatment of osteoporosis mainly involves the use of antiresorptive agents, it is unclear whether there are any additive effects in improving bone mass when antiresorptive agents and exercise are jointly used. A structured and comprehensive search of ...
Barrack Michelle T MT California State University, Northridge, Northridge, California, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Identifying the risk factors associated with a bone stress injury (BSI), including stress reactions and stress fractures, may aid in targeting those at increased risk and in formulating prevention guidelines for exercising girls and women. PURPOSE:To evaluate the effect of single or combined risk factors as defined by the female ...
Johnson Teresa L TL Skeletal Biology Laboratory, School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, - - 2014
Bone health is influenced by numerous lifestyle factors, including diet and exercise. Alcohol is a major nonessential constituent of diet and has dose- and context-dependent effects on bone. Endurance exercise is associated with increased risk of stress fractures. The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term independent and ...
Olesen Jesper J CIM and CFAS, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Aim: To investigate the metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol alone and when combined with exercise training in skeletal muscle of aged human subjects. Material and Methods: Healthy physically inactive men (60-72 year old) were randomized into either 8 weeks of daily intake of 250 mg resveratrol or placebo or ...
Rief Harald - - 2014
Spinal bone metastases are commonly diagnosed in cancer patients. The consequences are pain both at rest and under exercise, impairment of activities of daily life (ADL), reduced clinical performance, the risk of pathological fractures, and neurological deficits. The aim of this randomized, controlled pilot trial was to investigate the feasibility ...
Wurzer Birgit B University of Otago, School of Physiotherapy, Dunedin, New - - 2014
To investigate the association between length of participation in Steady As You Go (SAYGO) peer-led fall prevention exercise classes for older adults and 12-month fall incidence. Twelve-month prospective cohort study SETTING: Community settings in the Otago region of New Zealand PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred seven older adults (65+ years) actively participating ...
Ferraro Elisabetta E IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, Pathophysiology and Treatment of Muscle Wasting Disorders Unit, Rome, Italy ; - - 2014
Significance Skeletal muscle is a highly plastic tissue. Exercise evokes signaling pathways that strongly modify myofiber metabolism and physiological and contractile properties of skeletal muscle. Regular physical activity is beneficial for health and is highly recommended for the prevention of several chronic conditions. In this review we have focused our ...
Mayer John M JM School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
Firefighting is a dangerous occupation with a high incidence of low back pain and injury. Abnormal back muscle function and morphology has been linked to low back pain and poor physical performance. The effect of exercise training on back muscle size and symmetry has not been investigated in firefighters. The ...
Broskey Nicholas T NT Department of Physiology, School of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
Context: Sarcopenia is thought to be associated with mitochondrial (M) loss. It is unclear whether the decrease in M content is consequent to aging per se or to decreased physical activity. Objectives: To examine the influence of fitness on M content and function, and to assess whether exercise could improve ...
Cormie Prue P Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, WA, 6027, Australia, - - 2014
Exercise may represent an effective adjunct therapy to current medical management strategies for maintaining functional independence and improving quality of life in cancer patients with bone metastatic disease. However, it has yet to be determined if there are any sustained effects following the completion of an exercise program by patients ...
de Bruijn Gert-Jan GJ Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To study the effects of framed messages on exercise intention and resolve. Two (type of frame: gain or loss) × 2 (type of kernel state: desirable or undesirable outcome) post-test study. Participants were recruited online and questioned about their previous exercise behaviour and their exercise risk perception. After this, they were randomly ...
Koistinen Arto P AP Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; SIB Labs, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical exercise during growth affects composition, structure and mechanical properties of bone. In this study we investigated whether the beneficial effects of exercise during the early growth phase have long-lasting effects or not. Female Syrian golden hamsters (total n = 152) were used in this study. Half of the hamsters ...
Müller C C Institute of Experimental Musculoskeletal Medicine, Movement Analysis Lab, University Hospital of Muenster, - - 2014
The aim was to evaluate the effects of additional exercises during inpatient stays on bone mass in pediatric bone tumor patients. 21 patients were non-randomly allocated either to the exercise group (n=10) or the control group (n=11). DXA of the lumbar spine, the non-affected femur and both calcanei was performed ...
Grant Marie-Elaine ME International Olympic Committee, , Lausanne, - - 2014
There is a lack of information on the utilisation of physiotherapy services at the Olympic Games. To better understand the athlete and non-athlete requirements of the physiotherapy services at the Olympic Village Polyclinic during the London 2012 Olympic Games. From 16 July to 14 August 2012, physiotherapy encounters for athletes ...
Ruiz-Montero Pedro Jesús PJ Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in anthropometric measurements using an aerobic and Pilates exercise program which lasted 24 weeks. This was a clinical intervention study of 303 women over the age of 60 living in Novi Sad, Serbia. Changes in body mass index and skinfold ...
Sundstrup Emil E National Research Centre for the Working Environment, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark ; Institute for Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense, - - 2014
Slaughterhouse work involves a high degree of repetitive and forceful upper limb movements and thus implies an elevated risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. High intensity strength training effectively rehabilitates musculoskeletal disorders among sedentary employees, but less is known about the effect among workers with repetitive and forceful work demands. Before ...
Song Jin-Qi JQ Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, - - 2014
Current medical practice for the treatment of articular cartilage lesions remains a clinical challenge due to the limited self-repair ability of articular cartilage. Both experimental and clinical researches show that moderate exercise can improve articular cartilage repair process. However, optimal timing of moderate exercise is unclear. We aimed to evaluate ...
Colaianni Graziana G 0000-0001-8501-5399 Department of Basic Medical Science, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari, 70124 Bari, - - 2014
It has been recently demonstrated that exercise activity increases the expression of the myokine Irisin in skeletal muscle, which is able to drive the transition of white to brown adipocytes, likely following a phenomenon of transdifferentiation. This new evidence supports the idea that muscle can be considered an endocrine organ, ...
Raeissadat Seyed Ahmad SA Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Clinical Research Development Center of Shahid Modares Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Objectives. To determine the effect of weighted kypho-orthosis (WKO) on improving balance in women with osteoporosis. In this nonrandomized controlled clinical trial, 31 patients with osteoporosis were included. The patients were assigned to two groups: (1) control group who received 4-week home-based daily exercise program including weight bearing, back strengthening, ...
De Aro Andrea Aparecida AA Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biology, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, - - 2013
Tendons adapt to different mechanical stimuli through a remodeling process involving metalloproteinases (MMPs) and collagen synthesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 and the collagen content in tendons after exhaustive acute exercise sessions over the course of 1, 3, or 6 days, ...
Pedersen Susanne Juhl - - 2013
Studies have shown that fat lesions follow resolution of inflammation in the spine of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA). Fat lesions at vertebral corners have also been shown to predict development of new syndesmophytes. Therefore, scoring of fat lesions in the spine may constitute both an important measure of treatment ...
Paolucci Teresa T Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Policlinico Umberto I Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2013
The clinical effects of osteoporosis include pain, fractures, and physical disability, causing a loss of independence and necessitating long-term care. Whereas the effects of exercise therapy in decreasing body mass index and preventing fractures are well established, there is no consensus on back pain and quality of life in women ...
Tarnanen Sami S 1 Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. 2 Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. 3 Department of Biology of Physical activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. 4 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland 5 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Finland Health Care District, Jyväskylä, Finland 6 Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA 7 Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western - - 2013
Lumbar spine fusion (LSF) has been reported to change the biomechanics of the spine and therefore the rehabilitation after LSF is important. In the present study the effect of selected neutral spine control (NSC) exercises on activation of trunk muscles after LSF were evaluated. Muscle activity was measured by surface ...
Schlagowski Anna Isabel AI 1Institut of - - 2013
The effects of mitochondrial uncoupling on skeletal muscle mitochondrial adaptation and maximal exercise capacity are unknown. In this study, rats were divided into a control group (CTL, n=8) and a group treated with 2-4-dinitrophenol, a mitochondrial uncoupler, for 28 days (DNP, 30 mg/kg/day in drinking water, n=8). The DNP group ...
Dobek Jessica - - 2013
We have previously reported that 1 year of supervised resistance + impact training stopped bone loss and built muscle strength in older breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether these benefits persisted 1 year after completion of the intervention. Sixty-seven women from the original trial completed baseline and post-intervention ...
Giemza Czesław - - 2013
Abstract Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) is a procedure which is more and more often successfully applied in medicine. Used in physiotherapy programs improves the efficiency of physiotherapeutic exercises applied in different aliments. The aim of the research was to determine the influence of WBC treatment on the improvement of spine activity ...
Tung James Y JY Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada; David Cheriton School of Computer Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
While home-based balance exercises are recommended to reduce the risk of falling and fractures in older adults, adherence to exercise remains suboptimal. The long-term objective of this research is to advance body-worn sensor techniques to measure at-home exercise performance and promote adherence. In this study, a method of distinguishing 5 ...
Dideriksen Kasper - - 2013
Evidence suggests that habitual loading can result in patellar tendon hypertrophy, especially at the proximal and distal parts of the patellar tendon. The underlying protein kinetic changes and its regulation remains controversial and human data, investigating this topic, are limited. The present study investigated how acute exercise affects growth factor ...
Kim Gye-Yeop GY Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Dongshin University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of lumbar stability exercises on chronic low back pain by using sling exercise and push-ups. [Subjects] Thirty adult subjects with chronic back pain participated, with 10 adults being assigned to each of 3 exercise groups: general physical therapy (PT), ...
Lang Thomas F - - 2013
Understanding the skeletal effects of resistance exercise involves delineating the spatially heterogeneous response of bone to load distributions from different muscle contractions. Bone mineral density (BMD) analyses may obscure these patterns by averaging data from tissues with variable mechano-response. To assess the proximal femoral response to resistance exercise, we acquired ...
Giangregorio L M - - 2013
A consensus process was conducted to develop exercise recommendations for individuals with osteoporosis or vertebral fractures. A multicomponent exercise program that includes balance and resistance training is recommended. The aim was to develop consensus on exercise recommendations for older adults: (1) with osteoporosis and (2) with osteoporotic vertebral fracture(s). The ...
Wright Kathryn J - - 2013
While it has long been postulated that exercise training attenuates the age-related decline in heart function normally associated with increased fibrosis and collagen cross-linking, the potential benefits associated with exercise training initiated later in life are currently unclear. To address this question, Fisher 344× Brown Norway F1 rats underwent treadmill-based ...
Hacker Eileen Danaher - - 2013
Implementing exercise programs in people receiving high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow (BMT) or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) presents unique challenges. This review examines subject attrition rates and reasons for attrition as well as adherence to exercise interventions following BMT/SCT. Studies published between January 1985 and December 2012 that ...
Cuesta-Barriuso R - - 2013
Although different techniques of physiotherapy have been described for the treatment of haemophilic arthropathy (HA) of ankle, hardly any studies have been applied manual therapy or educational physiotherapy and home exercises. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of manual therapy and educational physiotherapy in the treatment ...
Sikiö Minna - - 2013
Adaptation to exercise training can affect bone marrow adiposity; muscle-fat distribution; and muscle volume, strength and architecture. The objective of this study was to identify exercise-load-associated differences in magnetic resonance image textures of thigh soft tissues between various athlete groups and non-athletes. Ninety female athletes representing five differently loading sport ...
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