Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1192
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Lemanske Robert F RF - - 2006
Asthma is a heterogeneous disorder that is characterized by variable airflow obstruction, airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness, and reversibility either spontaneously or as a result of treatment. Multiple causes no doubt exist for both its inception and symptom exacerbation once the disease is established. Factors underlying inception can range from viral ...
Nelson Harold S - - 2006
Short-acting beta(2)-agonists are effective in relieving acute symptoms of asthma and in the short-term prevention of symptoms from stimuli, such as exercise. They are ineffective when used on a regular schedule to improve asthma control. Long-acting beta(2)-agonists, on the other hand, provide sustained bronchodilation and improve asthma control. Regular use ...
Hiatt James Andrew - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the results of complex wavefront-guided LASIK retreatments. METHODS: Twenty eyes (15 patients) with histories of conventional LASIK surgery and significant visual complaints of glare and halos due to higher order aberrations were treated. Wavefront-guided retreatments were performed with the LADARVision CustomCornea system (Alcon, Ft Worth, Tex). Pre- ...
Wilson Andrew M - - 2006
Histamine is an important mediator in airway inflammation. It is elevated in the airways of asthmatic patients and is responsible for many of the pathophysiological features in asthma. Antihistamines block the actions of histamine and also have effects on inflammation which is independent of histamine-H(1)-receptor antagonism. Antihistamines have been shown ...
Tilles Stephen A - - 2006
Although the term "all that wheezes is not asthma" is not new, and the long list of asthma masqueraders has remained essentially the same for several decades, the importance of knowing when to question the accuracy ofa diagnosis of asthma has remained critical for physicians who care for patients with ...
Hart Joseph M JM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sports Medicine Division, University of Virginia , - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of hamstrings and quadriceps fatigue to quadriceps inhibition following lumbar extension exercise. Regression models were calculated consisting of the outcome variable: quadriceps inhibition and predictor variables: change in EMG median frequency in the quadriceps and hamstrings during lumbar fatiguing exercise. ...
Minov Jordan - - 2005
Assuming that airborne particles and pollutants are important contributing factors in the development of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), we performed a case-control study including 63 tea workers (36 men and 27 women, aged 36-55, duration of employment 3-30 years) and an equal number of office workers, matched by sex and age. ...
Draelos Zoe Diana - - 2005
Dandruff is a chronic condition of the scalp requiring vigilant treatment to ameliorate the symptoms of scaling and itching. Frequent shampooing is key to controlling these symptoms while contributing to the cosmetic appearance of the hair. The success of the treatment depends not only on the ability of the shampoo ...
Hermansen Christian L - - 2005
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) is an often-undiagnosed but common problem affecting both recreational and elite athletes. Although exercise can trigger exacerbation of chronic asthma, EIB should not be confused with the chronic inflammatory disease. In this article, Drs Hermansen and Kirchner review the incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of EIB and explain ...
Lake Iain R - - 2005
Outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis have been linked to weather patterns such as heavy precipitation. However, outbreaks only account for a small percentage of all cryptosporidiosis cases and so the causes of the majority of cases are uncertain. This study assessed the role of environmental factors in all cases of cryptosporidiosis by ...
Aronsson D - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIM: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a risk factor for developing clinical asthma. Moreover, AR is often associated with bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether patients with AR and asthma differed from AR with or without BHR in degree of perception of dyspnoea and ...
Goldberg Shmuel - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The exercise test is one of the most widely used challenge tests for asthma. It is not clear if the sensitivity of this test is lower when patients with asthma are not symptomatic. Since asthma activity is season dependent, with lower activity in the summer, we sought to ...
Pohjantähti H - - 2005
Regular exercise in cold, dry air is believed to be a predisposing factor for exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB). The aim of this study was to compare the occurrence of EIB among previously healthy elite cross country skiers and their non-athletic control subjects. Twenty healthy elite cross country skiers and 18 non-asthmatic ...
Berntsen S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic gas inhalation has been reported to enhance airway responsiveness and results in bronchoconstriction in animal models and in humans with asthma. However, the data have so far been conflicting. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of reduced barometric pressure on exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) ...
Lang David M - - 2005
Asthma has recently become more prevalent, more severe, and more deadly. Approximately 4500 individuals die from asthma annually in the United States, an unacceptable number for a condition that can be managed effectively. Sudden death with exercise may result from a variety of causes, including previously unrecognized cardiac conditions. Asthma ...
Visbal G - - 2005
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is the causative agent of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a human systemic, chronic and progressive mycosis. Preferred antifungals are sulfamethoxazol-trimethoprim, itraconazole, amphotericin B. Treatment is lengthy, the drugs may have undesirable side effects, and some are costly. Occasional resistant strains have been reported. Therefore, the search for more selective and ...
Buchert Ralph - - 2006
PURPOSE: Animal data suggest that the synthetic drug ecstasy may damage brain serotonin neurons. Previously we reported protracted reductions in the availability of the serotonin transporter (SERT), an index of integrity of the axon terminals of brain serotonergic neurons, in SERT-rich brain regions in current human ecstasy users. Comparison of ...
Porsbjerg Celeste - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Studies of the clinical outcome in adulthood of asymptomatic airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to histamine or exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) detected in childhood in general population samples are sparse and have produced conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of asymptomatic AHR to histamine and EIB. METHODS: Data from a 12-year ...
Schmid Katrina L - - 2005
PURPOSE: Accommodation errors during reading and the subsequent near work-induced transient myopia (NITM) that occurs have been implicated in the development and progression of myopia. This study investigated the effects of two letter variables, size and contrast, on accommodation accuracy during the near task and on NITM and its subsequent ...
Praharaj Samir Kumar - - 2005
Clozapine has shown superior efficacy in treatment of refractory schizophrenia, but its use is limited by emergent side-effects. Among other adverse effects, sialorrhea is a troublesome side-effect, its stigmatizing nature results in poor treatment compliance. Several hypotheses have been put forward in the etiology of clozapine-induced sialorrhea. 2 adrenergic antagonism ...
Miller Michael G - - 2005
To present guidelines for the recognition, prophylaxis, and management of asthma that lead to improvement in the quality of care certified athletic trainers and other heath care providers can offer to athletes with asthma, especially exercise-induced asthma. Many athletes have difficulty breathing during or after athletic events and practices. Although ...
Philteos George S - - 2005
Asthma is a very common disorder that still causes significant morbidity and mortality. A high percentage of individuals with asthma also experience exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). This article reviews the current literature and updates the reader on the safety, efficacy, and clinical applications of leukotriene modifiers in the treatment of EIB.
Nishida Hidemi - - 2005
We present a case of a thirty-eight-year-old man who had exercise-induced acute renal failure (exercise-induced ARF). He experienced oliguria, general fatigue, and vague discomfort in the lower abdomen after he exercised. As he had suffered from hypouricemia before, he was diagnosed as having exercise-induced ARF associated with hypouricemia. Enhanced computed ...
Lucas Sean R - - 2005
There is little doubt that the cause of the increased prevalence and severity of asthma is multifactorial. Although the factors of allergen exposure and hygiene are almost certainly necessary for its development, there is a growing body of literature that implicates lifestyle change, specifically decreased physical activity, as a contributor ...
Knöpfli Bruno H - - 2005
PURPOSE: Ipratropium bromide (IB) has been used to prevent exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), but its effect varies among individuals. We hypothesized that such variability may reflect individual differences in vagal activity (VA), and therefore determined whether a correlation exists between VA and the effect of IB on EIB in 13.0 (+/-0.8)-yr-old ...
Abu-Hasan Mutasim - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced dyspnea (EID) in children and adolescents is a common manifestation of asthma and is therefore commonly attributed to exercise-induced asthma (EIA) when present in otherwise healthy children. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of evaluations for EID when other symptoms and signs of asthma were absent or if there ...
Koh Young Yull - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate whether bronchial hyperresponsiveness in adolescents with long-term asthma remission is associated with increased peak expiratory flow (PEF) variability and/or increased bronchial response to exercise (BRE). Twenty-nine adolescents with asthma remission (neither symptoms nor any medication used during the previous two years), but ...
Waring W Stephen - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Tolerance to the haemodynamic effects of regularly inhaled beta(2) agonists has been reported in a research setting. It is unclear whether cardiovascular responses in adults with asthma are influenced by their use in routine clinical practice. This study aimed to characterise the effects of acute salbutamol administration on systemic ...
Weiler John M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise is a common trigger of asthma symptoms in patients with persistent asthma. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective effect of fluticasone/salmeterol against exercise-induced bronchospasm. METHODS: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trial of 192 asthma patients who used moderate-dose inhaled corticosteroids. Patients (aged 12-50 years; mean forced expiratory volume in 1 ...
Alexander C J - - 2005
The incidence of asthma is increasing. There is no obvious explanation for this increase and current theory has no explanation for the occurrence of the disease in the non-allergic, the sudden onset of the asthma attack, the hyper-reactivity of the muscular wall, the association of the disease with obesity, or ...
Pappas Gus - - 2005
Previously, the idea of a blueprint has been used to explain the genome. The concept of a play's cast of characters, the Dramatis Personae, is a more fluid metaphor that allows for mutations and time-dependent phenomena to be taken into account. It also provides an educational and mnemonic exercise for ...
Rajguru Suhrud M - - 2005
Horizontal canal (HC) benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HC-BPPV) is a vestibular disorder characterized by bouts of horizontal ocular nystagmus induced during reorientation of the head relative to gravity. The present report addresses the application of a morphologically descriptive 3-canal biomechanical model of the human membranous labyrinth to study gravity-dependent semicircular ...
Young Iain M - - 2004
Exercise induced rhabdomyolysis has previously been described as occurring in unfit adults or those attempting exhaustive exercise, but is rarely seen in previously fit adults undertaking moderate exercise. This case report describes what we believe to be the first reported case of exercise induced rhabdomyolysis due to the patient completing ...
Mickleborough Timothy D - - 2004
Despite the progress that has been made in the treatment of asthma, the prevalence and burden of this disease has continued to increase. Exercise is a powerful trigger of asthma symptoms and reversible airflow obstruction and may result in the avoidance of physical activity by patients with asthma, resulting in ...
Nishitsuji Masaru - - 2004
Cough variant asthma is known as a major cause of chronic cough. Fundamental features of cough variant asthma are prolonged nonproductive cough responding to bronchodilator therapy, no history of wheezing or dyspnea attack, normal cough sensitivity, and slightly increased bronchial responsiveness. Animal model of cough variant asthma has not been ...
Storms William - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of addition of montelukast or salmeterol to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on the response to rescue beta2-agonist use after exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. METHODS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed at 16 centers in the United States. Patients with asthma (n = 122, ages 15-58) whose symptoms were ...
Choi Inseon S - - 2004
The role of lung mast cells in exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is controversial. To investigate whether the skin mast cell releasability is increased after exercise in EIA, 49 young atopic men with or without asthma took part in a free-running test for 6 min and were given skin prick tests using ...
Choi Inseon S - - 2004
Local reaction to allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) usually appears within 30 minutes, but cases with exercise-induced urticaria at the SIT site 2-3 weeks after the last allergen injection have been reported. A 28-year-old man was treated with house dust mite-SIT for 5 years, due to asthma when he was an 11-year-old ...
Heishman Stephen J - - 2004
The duration of imagery-induced tobacco craving and whether craving responses are biased by repeated assessment (reactivity) was studied. Nonabstinent smokers (n = 40) either imagined a scene describing smoking urges or rested. They then either completed the Tobacco Craving Questionnaire (TCQ; S. J. Heishman, E. G. Singleton, & E. T. ...
Schweizer Carine - - 2004
Beta-2 agonists are on the list of prohibited substances in sport. Salbutamol by inhalation is permitted to treat allergic asthma, and/or exercise-induced asthma or exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. If the level of salbutamol in urine exceeds 1000 ng/mL, the result is considered as a doping violation with an anabolic steroid. We report ...
Kosmas E N - - 2004
It is known that, in stable asthmatics at rest, tidal expiratory flow limitation (EFL) and dynamic hyperinflation (DH) are seldom present. This study investigated whether stable asthmatics develop tidal EFL and DH during exercise with concurrent limitation of maximal exercise work rate (WRmax). A total of 20 asthmatics in a ...
Barreiro E - - 2004
Blunted perception of dyspnoea under resistive loading has been observed in patients with a history of near-fatal asthma (NFA). The perception of dyspnoea at rest and at the end point of various exercises was assessed in such patients. Respiratory function and exercise capacity (6-min walking distance, incremental cycloergometry and inspiratory ...
Backer Vibeke - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of respiratory diseases in an arctic population with increasingly westernized lifestyles provides the opportunity to obtain new information in this field. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of environment and lifestyle on the presence of respiratory symptoms in a genetically homogenous population sample living under widely differing conditions. METHODS: ...
Brown Sandra M - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of daily brimonidine tartrate 0.15% on the dark-adapted pupil diameter. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHOD: Ten normal volunteers administered brimonidine to their right eyes once daily. Four to six hours later, infrared pupil photographs were taken after dark adaptation. Measurements were performed at baseline; on ...
Hermansen Christian L - - 2004
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) is an often-undiagnosed but common problem affecting both recreational and elite athletes. Although exercise can trigger exacerbation of chronic asthma, EIB should not be confused with the chronic inflammatory disease. In this article, Drs Hermansen and Kirchner review the incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of EIB and explain ...
Chalupa David C - - 2004
Ambient air particles in the ultrafine size range (diameter < 100 nm) may contribute to the health effects of particulate matter. However, there are few data on ultrafine particle deposition during spontaneous breathing, and none in people with asthma. Sixteen subjects with mild to moderate asthma were exposed for 2 ...
Anees W - - 2004
Serial peak expiratory flow records are recommended in the first-line investigation of suspected occupational asthma. The effects of sequentially reducing the numbers of working weeks, consecutive days at work and readings taken per day on diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were investigated, using good quality peak expiratory flow records from 81 ...
Cavalcanti Silvio - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis technique (dialysate composition, filter, convection/diffusion ratio, etc.) can have an impact on the patient's tendency to acute hypotension. We have examined the hypothesis that the dialysis technique affects the hypotension risk by altering the cardiovascular compensatory response to hemodialysis-induced hypovolemia. METHODS: Twelve hypotension-prone subjects were studied during six ...
Liangas G - - 2004
This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of laughter-induced asthma, and to study any associations with asthma-related triggers and measures of disease activity, using a questionnaire-based survey of asthma subjects in both the community and on presentation to hospital. A total of 105 subjects participated, and 44 (41.9%) reported ...
Tancredi G - - 2004
A simple exercise test would be useful for detecting exercise-induced asthma, a common problem in asthmatic children. The current study compared the 3-min step test with treadmill exercise for evaluating exercise-induced asthma in asthmatic children and assessed whether responses to both tests are influenced by baseline lung function and habitual ...
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