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Williams Brian B Social Dimensions of Health Institute, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. - - 2008
Asthma is the most common chronic illness among children and accounts for 1 in 5 of all child GP consultations. This paper reviews and discusses recent literature outlining the growing problem of physical inactivity among young people with asthma and explores the psychosocial dimensions that may explain inactivity levels and ...
Inoue Yoshinobu Y Equine Science Division, Hidaka Training and Research Center, Japan Racing Association, 535-13 Aza-Nishicha, Urakawa-cho, Urakawa-gun, Hokkaido 057-0171, - - 2008
We studied the response of biochemical markers of bone metabolism to exercise intensity in horses. Four horses were walked on a mechanical walker for one week (pre-exercise). Then they performed low-speed exercise on a high-speed treadmill in the first week and medium-speed exercise in the second week and high-speed exercise ...
Lam Dennis S C - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of early phacoemulsification versus laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in the prevention of intraocular pressure (IOP) rise in patients after acute primary angle closure (APAC). DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two eyes of 62 Chinese subjects, with 31 eyes in each arm. METHODS: Subjects were ...
Schlagenhauf Florian F Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medical Center, Campus Charité Mitte, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, - - 2008
High blockade of dopamine D2 receptors in the ventral striatum including the nucleus accumbens may interfere with reward anticipation and cause secondary negative symptoms such as apathy or anhedonia. This may not be the case with newer neuroleptics such as olanzapine, which show less dopamine D2 receptor blockade and a ...
Monti A - - 2008
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed as an adjuvant technique to improve functional recovery after ischaemic stroke. This study evaluated the effect of tDCS over the left frontotemporal areas in eight chronic non-fluent post-stroke aphasic patients. The protocol consisted of the assessment of picture naming (accuracy and response ...
Michils A - - 2008
Controlled studies have shown that monitoring of the exhaled nitric oxide fraction (F(eNO)) improves asthma management. However, the studies seldom consider the full range of patients seen in clinical practise. In the present study, the ability of F(eNO) to reflect asthma control over time is investigated in a regular clinical ...
Afra Pegah - - 2008
PURPOSE: The dynamics of partial seizures originating from neocortical and mesial temporal regions are thought to differ, yet there are no quantitative comparative studies. The studies reported here investigate the duration of complex partial seizures in these populations using analyses of seizures recorded from intracranial arrays. METHODS: Data were collected ...
Weisbord Steven D - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contrast-induced nephropathy is one of the few preventable forms of acute kidney injury. Several pharmacologic agents have been evaluated for the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy, yet disappointingly, few have been shown conclusively to reduce the risk for this condition. A series of studies have demonstrated that volume ...
Untersmayr Eva - - 2008
Based on two clinical observations of adverse reactions during exercise with latex sport bands, we aimed to assess the possible risk for allergic patients posed by this equipment by investigating allergen content and IgE binding potential. Protein extracts of three different latex sport bands were characterized with sera of latex ...
Thomas Jay - - 2008
Opioid-induced bowel dysfunction is a distressing condition that may persist indefinitely in the clinical setting. As we understand more about normal gastrointestinal (GI) physiology, we are also beginning to understand more fully how opioids cause bowel dysfunction. Current therapeutic interventions for opioid-induced bowel dysfunction can be burdensome and sometimes lack ...
Stelmach Iwona - - 2008
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction occurs in a large proportion of children with asthma, limiting everyday activities important for their physical and social development. The purpose of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to compare the ability of different patterns of antiasthmatic treatment, recommended in childhood asthma, to protect patients from exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. ...
Zar Heather J - - 2007
The prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in children has been increasing in developed countries, but there is little information on these trends in Africa. The aim of this study was to assess time trends in the symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema among South African adolescents. The ...
Ozuah Philip O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that pediatric residents would display similar levels of asthma interpersonal and communication skills in announced versus unannounced adolescent standardized patient (SP) encounters. METHODS: We conducted a prospective repeat measures experimental study at a pediatric residency program at an inner-city ...
Noergaard M Hove - - 2008
AIMS: We investigated the effect of several Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), on the preoptic nerve oxygen tension (ONPO2), as indomethacin previously has demonstrated a strong decreasing effect on ONPO2. We tested whether these NSAIDs, like indomethacin, also reduce the increasing effect of dorzolamide on ONPO2. METHODS: ONPO2 was measured 0.5 ...
Tsai Hsin-Jen - - 2007
This study aimed to evaluate the association of diet with respiratory symptoms and asthma in schoolchildren in Taipei, Taiwan. An in-class interview survey elicited experiences of asthma and respiratory symptoms and consumption frequencies of the major food categories in 2290 fifth graders. Respiratory symptoms surveyed included persistent cough, chest tightness, ...
Weinberger Miles - - 2007
Although asthma is the most common cause of cough, wheeze, and dyspnea in children and adults, asthma is often attributed inappropriately to symptoms from other causes. Cough that is misdiagnosed as asthma can occur with pertussis, cystic fibrosis, primary ciliary dyskinesia, airway abnormalities such as tracheomalacia and bronchomalacia, chronic purulent ...
Hallstrand Teal S TS Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Box 356522, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2007
Secreted phospholipase A(2) enzymes (sPLA(2)s) play key regulatory roles in the biosynthesis of eicosanoids, such as the cysteinyl leukotrienes, but the role of these enzymes in the pathogenesis of asthma is not known. To establish if sPLA(2)s are overexpressed in the airways of patients with asthma, and to determine if ...
Macucci F - - 2007
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of asthma and related respiratory symptoms in a sample of the Siena pediatric population that engages in sport. METHODS: The subjects were 460 young athletes, age 7-14 years, enrolled in 23 sporting clubs in 10 municipalities of Siena Province. ...
Storms William - - 2007
Montelukast sodium (Singulair, Merck and Co., Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ) is a selective and orally-active leukotriene receptor antagonist with demonstrated effectiveness for treating allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis in adults and children as young as 12 months of age for allergic asthma and 6 months of age for allergic rhinitis. ...
Lynch Patrick M - - 2008
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) is a model for the adenoma-carcinoma sequence in several respects. One important area in which FAP serves as a model is chemoprevention. Early prevention trials mainly utilized micronutrients and were largely unsuccessful in preventing or causing regression of adenomas. A new era was ushered in by ...
Meinking Terri L - - 2007
One hundred seventy-two subjects with head lice participated in a five-way, investigator-blinded, parallel-group, active-controlled study comparing 0.5% malathion gel (30, 60, and 90 minutes applications), Ovide Lotion (0.5% malathion), and Nix Crème Rinse (1% permethrin). All subjects were treated on day 1. Participants were reevaluated at day 8 +/- 1 ...
Nolan Paul K - - 2007
PURPOSE: Spirometry performed by adolescents with refractory wheeze or stridor and respiratory distress, with normal room air oxygen saturation, may differentiate subjects not having an acute asthma exacerbation (AE-) from those who are (AE+). A subpopulation may also be identified that has flow volume loop (FVL) patterns consistent with vocal ...
Spencer Sarah - - 2007
PURPOSE: In normal binocular single vision adaptation to an induced deviation occurs over a period of several minutes. This study investigates the effect on stereoacuity during vergence adaptation. METHODS: Stereoacuity, using the Frisby near stereotest, was measured in 20 participants aged 20.2 +/- 1.9 years with normal binocular single vision. ...
Mancuso Carol A - - 2007
Although prudent exercise is recommended for most patients with well-controlled asthma, many patients avoid exercise and physical activity because they are concerned about triggering asthma. In a sample of 258 asthma patients (mean age 42 years, 75% women), the objectives of this study were to assess the two-minute walk test ...
Recio-Vega Rogelio - - 2007
Despite long-term studies, still not much is known about the asthma triggering factors and its sometimes controversial results. Probably one of the major problems of controversy is the lack of specific and accurate diagnosis of this disease. The aim of this study was to assess lung function, atopy, and environmental ...
Kamm Christoph - - 2007
To date, there are few reports of paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia associated with familial epilepsy. We describe a family with 4 affected members spanning 3 generations, suggestive of autosomal-dominant inheritance, who exhibited typical exercise-induced dystonia, different types of epilepsy (absence and primary generalized seizures), developmental delay, and migraine in variable combinations. ...
Hilberg Thomas - - 2007
Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) occurs with a high prevalence in both asthmatic and nonasthmatic individuals. Although understanding of the functional genomics (proteomics) in sports medicine remains limited, this review focuses on immunologic changes as reflected in transcriptional regulation in respect to EIA. Studies demonstrated that leukotrienes play a significant role in ...
Hauben Manfred - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Data mining algorithms (DMAs) are being applied to spontaneous reporting system (SRS) databases in the hope of obtaining timely insights into post-licensure safety data. Some DMAs have been characterized as "objective" screening tools. However, there are numerous available modifiable configuration parameters to choose from, including choice of vendor, that ...
Lex Christiane - - 2007
Exercise challenge tests are helpful in the diagnosis and management of childhood asthma, but methodology is complex and time-consuming. The aim of this study was to investigate whether exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) can be predicted by the results of different surrogate tests in a pediatric population. Eighty-five children (mean age: 11 ...
Sandner Guy - - 2007
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the startle response to a sudden noise is the reduction in startle observed when the noise is preceded shortly by a mild sensory event, which is often a tone. A part of the literature is based on the assumption that PPI is independent of the baseline ...
Nishitsuji Masaru - - 2008
Cough variant asthma is known as a major cause of chronic cough. Fundamental features of cough variant asthma are prolonged non-productive cough responding to bronchodilator therapy, no history of wheezing or dyspnea attack, normal cough sensitivity and slightly increased bronchial responsiveness. Recently, we reported the animal model of cough variant ...
Bolser Donald C DC Department of Physiological Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA. - - 2007
Cough is one of the most common reasons why patients visit physicians. The opioid codeine has been a mainstay in the treatment of cough for decades and this drug is widely regarded as the 'gold standard' cough suppressant. Recent placebo-controlled studies have shown that codeine is no more effective than ...
Garcia-Marcos Luis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have investigated the influence of diet on asthma in schoolchildren, none of them has evaluated how obesity can modify this effect. A study was undertaken to evaluate the association of various foods and a Mediterranean diet with the prevalence of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis, adjusting for obesity ...
Sami Ozturk
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a nonorganic disorder of the larynx that involves unintentional paradoxical adduction of the vocal cords while breathing. VCD is a relatively rare condition that may mimic asthma or upper airway obstruction. VCD often coexists with asthma, and should be suspected in any patient in whom ...
Tousman Stuart - - 2007
The purpose of the research was to develop, implement, and evaluate a new adult asthma self-management program with a multidisciplinary perspective. Small groups of adults met for 2 hr for 7 consecutive weekly meetings. Participants were asked to practice asthma specific behaviors (including peak expiratory flow monitoring, avoidance/removal of asthma ...
Mavale-Manuel S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) video questionnaire was developed to overcome the language and cultural differences in the assessment of asthma-like symptoms. METHODS: 27 schools were included in the Maputo Asthma and Allergies in childhood Study (MAPAAS) using ISAAC methods, and a video questionnaire ...
Mathes Wendy Foulds - - 2006
Exercise decreases the antinociceptive effects of opiate drugs. It has been hypothesized that the exercise-induced attenuation of opiate drug action is the result of the development of cross-tolerance between endogenous opioids released during exercise and exogenous opiates. The present study was designed to evaluate the role of exercise on non-opiate ...
Naline E - - 2007
Indacaterol is a novel beta2-adrenoceptor agonist in development for the once-daily treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The present study evaluated the relaxant effect of indacaterol on isolated human bronchi obtained from lungs of patients undergoing surgery for lung carcinoma. Potency (-logEC50), maximal relaxant effect (Emax) and onset ...
Cetin H - - 2006
The larvicidal activity of chlorpyrifos-methyl and temephos was evaluated against Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) in septic tanks in Antalya, Turkey. Chlorpyrifos-methyl (Pyrifos MT 25 emulsifiable concentrate [EC] ) was evaluated at application rates of 0.04, 0.08, and 0.12 mg active ingredient (AI)/liter, and temephos (Temeguard 50 EC) was evaluated ...
Jappe Uta - - 2006
Heparins are widely used as anticoagulants. Immunologically-mediated side effects raise the question as to whether other substances with heparin-like pharmacological effects can be safely applied. Hypersensitivity reactions to heparin consist of heparin-induced immune thrombocytopenia, allergic vasculitis, hypereosinophilia, immediate hypersensitivity as well as delayed-type skin reactions. Hypersensitivity to unfractionated and low-molecular-weight ...
Joyner Benny L - - 2006
Patients with asthma often report symptoms of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. We performed cardiopulmonary exercise testing to establish the cause of exercise limitation in patients with asthma, under treatment, who reported symptoms of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Ten of the 42 patients meeting criteria for inclusion in our study (24%) developed exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Exercise ...
Liu Yuanyuan - - 2007
Preventive effects of lasers on enamel caries have been documented in the past few decades. However, its specific mechanism remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the laser-induced change of enamel compositions, including carbonate and organic matters using Fourier-transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman). METHODS: Twelve windows (1 mm x 1 mm), created on ...
Filley Christopher M - - 2006
Multilingual aphasias are common because most people in the world know more than one language, but little is known of these syndromes except in patients who have had a stroke. We present a 76-year-old right-handed woman, fluent in English and Chinese, who developed anomia at age 70 and then progressed ...
Anderson Sandra D - - 2006
Beta2-agonists taken immediately before exercise provide significant protection against exercise- induced asthma (EIA) in most patients. However, when they are taken daily, there are some negative aspects regarding severity, control, and recovery from EIA. First, there is a significant minority (15-20%) of asthmatics whose EIA is not prevented by beta2-agonists, ...
Cline Morris - - 2006
Spring-flushing, over-wintered buds of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) produce new buds that may follow various developmental pathways. These include second flushing in early summer or dormancy before flushing during the following spring. Second flushing usually entails an initial release of apical dominance as some of the current-season upper lateral ...
Koethe Dagmar - - 2006
Recent data on alterations of the endogenous cannabinoid system in schizophrenia have raised the question of its functional role in this disease. The psychoactive compound of Cannabis sativa, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC), has been shown to induce psychotic symptoms, but it is unknown to what extend prodromal states of psychoses are reflected ...
Plewnia C - - 2007
Tinnitus has been shown to respond to modulations of cortical activity by high-frequency and low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). To determine the tinnitus-attenuating effects of a 2-week daily regimen of rTMS, navigated to the maximum of tinnitus-related increase in regional cerebral blood flow. Six patients with chronic tinnitus were ...
Preston Jeffrey - - 2006
Inhaled short-acting beta-agonists (SABAs) are most effective in preventing exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, followed by inhaled mast cell stabilizers and anticholinergic agents (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, multiple randomized control trials [RCTs]). Less evidence supports the use of leukotriene antagonists and inhaled corticosteroids, either individually or in combination (SOR: B). Underlying asthma, ...
Parsons Jonathan P - - 2006
Previous studies have demonstrated that specialists and generalists differ in the evaluation and management of asthma especially in terms of use of objective testing. We speculated that there also may be differences in the diagnosis and management of exercise-induced respiratory complaints. An Internet survey was sent to samples of pulmonologists ...
Bonini S - - 2006
This consensus document is aimed at reviewing evidence that the rhinitis-asthma links have peculiar features in athletes. Beside a review of epidemological data on the high prevalence of rhinitis and asthma in athletes, the effects on intense physical exercise on the immune system and repiratory functions are discussed, with special ...
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