Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1153
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Pearlman David - - 2009
RATIONALE: Exercise is a common trigger in children with persistent asthma and inhaled corticosteroids have been shown to effectively treat clinical manifestations of persistent asthma, including protection from decrements in lung function caused by exercise. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol 100/50 mcg ...
Cockcroft Donald W - - 2009
Airway challenges are of value in the assessment of asthma. Direct challenges (histamine and methacholine) are highly sensitive for clinically current symptomatic asthma and particularly useful to exclude current asthma when they are negative. Indirect challenges (exercise, eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation, adenosine monophosphate, hypertonic saline, mannitol) are more specific but very ...
Potts, James Edward
Indoor swimming pools, with their high ambient temperatures and relative humidity, contain a number of volatile chemicals that are known irritants, sensitizing agents, and possible carcinogens. While swimming may improve fitness and reduce morbidity associated with asthma, there is both anecdotal and scientific information to suggest that there are health-related ...
Lee So-Yeon - - 2009
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction affects 40-90% of people with asthma, compared with 3-15% of the general population. Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is diagnosed on the basis of subjective symptoms of airflow obstruction during and after exercise, objective measures of airflow obstruction and the exclusion of alternative diagnoses. Although the pathogenesis of EIA has ...
Lee Rachel U - - 2009
Common asthma triggers during recreational activities include allergen exposure, concomitant viral infection, and exercise. We present the case of a 42-year-old man with a 2-year history of wheezing, chest tightness, and upper respiratory symptoms that were associated with surfing. He denied symptoms with other forms of exercise and had no ...
Maurer Marc - - 2009
Exertional dyspnea is a common clinical problem seen with different etiologies in different clinical situations and may even be found in healthy individuals. Approximately 90% of asthmatic patients suffer from shortness of breath in the context of exercise. Dyspnea, occurring during or after exercise, can be the only clinical manifestation ...
LaBella Cynthia R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% to 50% of competitive athletes experience asthma symptoms with exercise, due to either chronic asthma or exercise-induced bronchospasm. Early recognition and management of asthma symptoms may improve athletic performance and quality of life for athletes with asthma or exercise-induced bronchospasm. Athletic trainers may have frequent opportunities to ...
Mattila P S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Risk of childhood asthma is increased in children with recurrent otitis media. This may be associated with recurrent respiratory tract infections in these children, but the role of adenoidectomy, a frequent operation during childhood, is unknown. Therefore, the role of adenoidectomy in the development of atopy and respiratory function ...
Mosnaim Giselle - - 2009
Jenny B. is an active 12-year-old white female who recently stopped participating in junior high school track because of respiratory symptoms she experiences while running. On presentation to her pediatrician's office for a consultation, it immediately became apparent that she was anxious to rejoin her team to compete. This article ...
Backer V - - 2009
Background. Asthma experienced during exercise and during the night is based on the presence of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). The aim of the present study was to examine whether AHR is a predictor of exercise-induced asthma (EIA) and nighttime symptoms. Material. We included 793 asthmatics subjects with symptoms and a positive ...
Rantalainen Timo T Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical - - 2009
Bone response to a single bout of exercise can be observed with biochemical markers of bone formation and resorption. The purpose of this study was to examine the response of bone biochemical markers to a single bout of exhaustive high-impact exercise. 15 physically active young subjects volunteered to participate. The ...
Garcia-Bajos Elvira - - 2009
To determine the influence of knowledge schemata on inhibitory processes we analysed how the typicality of the actions of an event modulated retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF). Participants were presented with a realistic videotape of a bank robbery. Based on a normative study, high- and low-typicality actions of the event were determined. ...
Lewandowski Michael J - - 2008
Elevation of aminotransferase levels is a rarely reported adverse effect of ondansetron. Increased aminotransferase levels, however, have been observed in patients receiving concurrent cisplatin chemotherapy and ondansetron. We describe a 44-year-old woman with no oncologic history or treatment with chemotherapy who received intravenous ondansetron on three separate occasions in the ...
Denboba W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the repeatability and validity of the IUATLD respiratory symptoms questionnaire in relation to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction or bronchodilator responses in a community in southern Ethiopia. DESIGN: A case-control study. SETTING: Rural and small town setting in southern Ethiopia, April to May 2006. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and forty seven ...
Thatcher Andrew - - 2008
This exploratory study looks at the prevalence and correlates of problematic Internet use (PIU) in South African technology workers (N = 630) and other workers (N = 769). The results indicated that the prevalence of PIU in this sample was higher in the IT group (3.81%) than the non-IT group ...
Liou Y-J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a severe and potentially irreversible adverse effect of long-term antipsychotic treatment. Typical antipsychotics are commonly binding to the dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2), but the occurrence of antipsychotic-induced TD is rather delayed; therefore, the development of TD may be associated with mediators or signalling complexes behind ...
Langdeau Jean-Bruno - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although athletes have a high prevalence of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and asthma, little is known about possible gender differences in regard to these features. We looked at the comparative prevalence of AHR, physician-diagnosed asthma and respiratory symptoms during exercise in female (F) and male (M) athletes. METHOD: A retrospective ...
Lin Jiun-Nong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bromides are still sold as sedatives, antitussives, and anticonvulsants in many countries. Bromovalerylurea is a bromide-containing sedative-hypnotic that is occasionally combined with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in over-the-counter products. Chronic intake of excessive bromovalerylurea can produce bromide intoxication, but acute bromovalerylurea intoxication presenting with myoclonic jerks has never been described. ...
Taylor Susan M - - 2008
Completed surveys were obtained from owners of 225 Labrador retrievers affected by the syndrome of exercise-induced collapse. Questions addressed signalment, age of onset, description of collapse episodes, and owner perception of activities and factors associated with collapse. Most dogs were young (mean 12 months) when collapse episodes began. Retrieving was ...
Williams Adam N - - 2008
We present the case of a 47-year-old man with exercise-induced dyspnea, cough, chest tightness, and recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis. Evaluation revealed IgE sensitization to grass, tree, and weed pollen, no evidence of obstruction on spirometry, and a negative methacholine challenge. Diagnostic considerations included allergic and nonallergic rhinitis, asthma, aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease, ...
Carver Terrence W TW - - 2008
The main goals of this review are to help the reader to recognize the common symptoms and signs of exercise-induced asthma and the common objective tests used to confirm or rule out the diagnosis and to understand that different forms and intensities of exercise have different asthmagenicity. The review also ...
Westermann Heidi - - 2008
National guidelines recommend 20 to 30 minutes of exercise 3 to 5 days a week. However, achieving these goals may be challenging for asthmatic patients whose symptoms are exacerbated by exercise. To describe relationships among exercise habits, weight, and asthma severity and control in adults with asthma. Self-reported exercise habits ...
Aldred Sarah S School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Allergy prevalence in the general population has been increasing since the 1980s and there is increasing evidence of a higher incidence of allergy or asthma in elite athletes. For individuals suffering from allergy to airborne allergens, such as pollen, exercise may exacerbate their condition due to increased ventilation during exercise. ...
Takahashi T - - 2008
The present study was performed to elucidate whether mesotocin (MT), one of avian neurohypophysial hormones, relates to the action of arginine vasotocin (AVT) on oviposition of hens. The ratio of AVT-induced oviposition was increased when 1 microg/hen of MT was injected together with AVT. An intravenous injection of 1 microg/hen ...
Goodman Michael - - 2008
In this meta-analysis, studies on swimming and asthma were divided into four groups: Group I compared frequency of asthma among elite swimmers to that of other athletes; Group II examined the association between asthma and swimming during childhood; Group III evaluated effects of swimming programs on asthma severity and pulmonary ...
Ternesten-Hasséus Ewa - - 2008
In the absence of other explanations, exercise-induced dyspnea is often labeled as a manifestation of asthma. The aim of this study was to use exercise provocation in cold air among patients with exercise-induced dyspnea, but without any bronchoconstriction, in order to study induced symptoms and different physiological parameters and to ...
Vlaski E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Related to exercise hypothesis, the aim of the present study was to explore the influence of physical activity on asthma and allergic rhinitis in a developing country where publicity campaigns about the benefits of exercise are scarce. METHODS: The analysed data were self-reported and obtained through the standardized International ...
Peterson Kathryn A - - 2009
Exercise-triggered asthma (ETA) develops when physical activity triggers asthma symptoms during or directly after exercise. In patients prone to symptoms of supra-esophageal reflux, exercise may trigger gastroesophageal reflux (GER), resulting in such symptoms. To determine the prevalence of abnormal pH in patients with ETA and to determine whether acid suppression ...
Moreira A - - 2008
The effects of a 3-month physical training programme on airway inflammation and clinical outcomes were studied in school-aged children with asthma. Subjects with persistent allergic asthma (aged 12.7+/-3.4 yrs; n = 34) were randomly allocated into training and control groups. Exercise consisted of twice-weekly 50-min sessions for 12 weeks. Inflammation ...
Fitch Kenneth D - - 2008
Respiratory symptoms cannot be relied on to make a diagnosis of asthma and/or airways hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in elite athletes. For this reason, the diagnosis should be confirmed with bronchial provocation tests. Asthma management in elite athletes should follow established treatment guidelines (eg, Global Initiative for Asthma) and should include education, ...
Flegr Jaroslav - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The biological function of RhD protein, a major component of the Rh blood group system, is largely unknown. No phenotypic effect of RhD protein, except its role in hemolytic disease of newborns and protective role against Toxoplasma-induced impairment of reaction times in men, has been described. METHODS: Here we ...
Schwartz L B - - 2008
Exercise-induced (EI) hypersensitivity disorders are significant problems for both recreational and competitive athletes. These include EI-asthma, EI-bronchoconstriction, EI-rhinitis, EI-anaphylaxis and EI-urticaria. A group of experts from the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology and the American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology met to discuss the pathogenesis of these ...
Baumgarten Deborah A - - 2008
This commentary deals with the study by Newhouse and colleagues in this issue of the AJR discussing the implications of a lack of a control group in previously published studies on contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Until more rigorous studies including an appropriate control group address the issue of CIN, our understanding ...
Anwar G A GA North Tyneside General Hospital, Rake Lane, North Shields, NE29 8NH Tyne and Wear, - - 2008
We describe our institutional efficacy experience of azithromycin 250 mg thrice weekly in adult non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. Eligibility criteria for prophylactic azithromycin included 3 exacerbations requiring rescue antibiotics over the previous 6 months. The clinical records of 56 bronchiectasis patients on azithromycin were retrospectively reviewed. Exacerbation frequency, sputum microbiology, self-reported ...
Sato Suguru - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prolonged cough is one of the troublesome symptoms commonly seen in daily practice. Especially, detection of allergic cough such as bronchial asthma (BA), cough variant asthma (CVA) and eosinophilic bronchitis without asthma (EB) is important because the prevalence of these disorders are high. We previously reported fractional exhaled nitric ...
Mickleborough Timothy D - - 2008
Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is traditionally treated with the use of pharmacotherapy. However, there is now convincing evidence that a variety of dietary factors such as elevated omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and antioxidant intake, and a sodium-restricted diet can reduce this condition. New therapies that are safe, effective, and likely to ...
Mennemeier Mark - - 2008
A single patient was tested to examine the safety and feasibility of using maintenance sessions of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (1 Hz rTMS) to reduce tinnitus loudness and prevent its return over time. Interrupted time series with multiple replications. Tinnitus loudness was assessed using a visual analogue rating (VAR) ...
Lin Hung-Liang - - 2008
This quasi experimental study aimed to examine the effects of a swimming-focused summer camp program on self-efficacy and exercise behavioral change in schoolchildren with asthma and their parental support. Forty-one asthmatic schoolchildren were recruited from a medical center and an asthma education association in southern Taiwan. The participants in the ...
Stejskal Václav - - 2008
Arthropods are a documented cause of occupational allergy in cereal stores. Since the current allergenic risk of various arthropods in grain stores is not known, we evaluated its extent using data from the Czech Republic (CZ). We surveyed 514 grain storage units for pest composition and density. Recalculating literature data ...
Xiang Yang - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Lidan Granule (, LDG) on bile lithogenic tendency and biliary 33.5 kd vesicular protein (VP) and to explore its mechanism. METHODS: Sixty patients with choledocholithiasis combined with cholecystolithiasis were randomly assigned to the LDG treated group, the sodium cholate treated group for positive control, ...
Bernard A - - 2008
Exposure to indoor chlorinated swimming pools can be detrimental to the airways of swimmers and increase asthma risks but it is unknown whether these effects concern outdoor pools. The present study examined 847 secondary school adolescents who had attended residential or nonresidential outdoor chlorinated pools at a variable rate. The ...
Bailey William - - 2008
This long-term prospective study was conducted in African Americans with persistent asthma to examine the safety and effectiveness of the combination of the inhaled corticosteroid, fluticasone propionate (FP), and the long-acting beta-agonist, salmeterol, compared with FP alone. This was a randomized, double-blind, parallel group, multi-center trial in adolescent and adult ...
Carlsen K H - - 2008
AIM: The aims of part II is to review the current recommended treatment of exercise-induced asthma (EIA), respiratory and allergic disorders in sports, to review the evidence on possible improvement of performance in sports by asthma drugs and to make recommendations for their treatment. METHODS: The literature cited with respect ...
Maxwell Donald M - - 2008
A structure-activity analysis was used to evaluate the variation in oxime efficacy of 2-PAM, obidoxime, HI-6 and ICD585 against nerve agents. In vivo oxime protection and in vitro oxime reactivation were used as indicators of oxime efficacy against VX, sarin, VR and cyclosarin. Analysis of in vivo oxime protection was ...
Chang Kwok C - - 2008
RATIONALE: Relatively little is known about the hepatotoxicity of pyrazinamide. OBJECTIVES: We compared continuation-phase regimens incorporating pyrazinamide, isoniazid, and/or rifampin with those containing isoniazid and rifampin to evaluate the hepatotoxicity of pyrazinamide. METHODS: Cohort and nested case-control analyses were conducted on a cohort of 3,007 patients with active tuberculosis (TB) ...
Randolph Chris - - 2008
This review will encompass definition, history, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of exercise -induced bronchospasm in the pediatric individual with and without known asthma. Exercise induced asthma is the conventional term for transient airway narrowing in a known asthma in association with strenuous exercise usually lasting 5-10 minutes with a ...
Carlsen K H - - 2008
AIMS: To analyze the changes in the prevalence of asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and allergies in elite athletes over the past years, to review the specific pathogenetic features of these conditions and to make recommendations for their diagnosis. METHODS: The Task Force reviewed present literature by searching Medline up to ...
Raissy Hengameh H - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare pretreatment with albuterol versus montelukast added to the current asthma regimen for protection against exercise-induced bronchospasm in children with mild-to-moderate asthma, and to determine whether cysteinyl leukotriene (Cys-LT) concentrations measured in the exhaled breath condensate correlated with response to montelukast. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, crossover ...
Cundy T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism underlying severe hypomagnesaemia in long-term users of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). PATIENTS: Two cases of severe hypomagnesaemia in adult long-term users of the PPI omeprazole, presenting with hypocalcaemic seizures. MEASUREMENTS: We studied renal magnesium handling during an incremental intravenous magnesium infusion, and assessed total body magnesium ...
Pérez-Cárceles M D - - 2008
Trace element determination can be applied in forensic medicine to diagnose the cause of death. Drowning is the second leading cause of death from unintentional injury. Despite the many diagnostic methods used, the post-mortem diagnosis of drowning continues to be one of the most difficult in forensic pathology. Strontium is ...
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