Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1199
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Brereton Daniel - - 2012
The development of spinal curvature deformities is a hallmark of muscular dystrophy. While glucocorticoid treatment has been shown to prolong muscle function in dystrophic mice, its effects on the development of dystrophinopathic spinal deformation are poorly understood. In this study, we test the effects of glucocorticoid treatment on the onset ...
Javadian Yahya - - 2012
Background data: Lumbar segmental instability (LSI) is one of the subgroups of non-specific chronic low back pain. Pain, functional disability and reduced muscle endurance are common in such patients. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of stabilization exercise on pain, functional disability and muscle endurance ...
Stehno-Bittel Lisa - - 2012
While significant research has clearly identified sedentary behavior as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and its subsequent complications, the concept that inactivity could be linked to the complications associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D) remains underappreciated. This paper summarizes the known effects of exercise on T1D at the ...
Osborne Hamish R - - 2012
Hip abduction weakness has never been documented on a population basis as a common finding in a healthy group of athletes and would not normally be found in an elite adolescent athlete. This study aimed to show that hip abduction weakness not only occurs in this group but also ...
Takeda Satoko - - 2012
Having higher bone mineral density (BMD) during growth is complexly influenced by many factors. For example, nutrition and physical exercise are key factors. However, few studies have investigated the combined effects of these factors. In this study, we investigated the effect of physical exercise and different levels of protein intake ...
Mason Duncan L - - 2012
Hamstring injuries are a common musculoskeletal disorder, particularly amongst athletes. Many factors have been associated with these injuries, including motor control and strength, soft tissue length and postural alignment. Well-established rehabilitation protocols are commonly used in the treatment of this condition, but their effectiveness remains questionable. This is an update ...
Schröder Guido - - 2012
The aim of this prospective randomized single-center study was to investigate whether sling exercise therapy is superior to conventional exercises in osteoporosis patients. Patients with osteoporosis frequently experience fractures of the vertebral body, which may cause chronic back pain and other symptoms. These, in turn, may lead to immobilization, muscular ...
Qian Guoqing - - 2012
Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease predominantly in postmenopausal women. Green tea polyphenols (GTP) and Tai Chi (TC) have been shown to be beneficial on human bone health. This study examined the efficacy of GTP and TC on mitigation of oxidative damage in postmenopausal women with osteopenia. A 6-month randomized ...
Kelley George A - - 2012
Low bone mineral density (BMD) and subsequent fractures are a major public health problem in postmenopausal women. The purpose of this study was to use the aggregate data meta-analytic approach to examine the effects of ground (for example, walking) and/or joint reaction (for example, strength training) exercise on femoral neck ...
Schwaiblmair Martin - - 2012
Increased ventilatory response has been shown to have a high prognostic value in patients with chronic heart failure. Our aim was therefore to determine the ventilatory efficiency in pulmonary arterial hypertension and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) identifying PH-patients with increased risk for death within 24 ...
Kim Hunkyung - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of exercise alone in improving frailty, and exercise with nutritional supplementation in improving sarcopenia. Methods: Frailty: 131 community-dwelling elderly people over 75 years of age were randomly assigned to either the exercise group (n=66) or the control group (n=65). The exercise group was provided with ...
Kim Sojung S Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma , Norman, OK, - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that Yoga exercise has a positive effect on reducing blood pressure and heart rate. However, no randomized controlled studies to date have investigated its effects on arterial compliance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-month Yoga intervention on arterial compliance ...
Wilhelm Mark M Division of Physical Therapy, Walsh University, North Canton, Ohio, - - 2012
To examine the effect of resistance exercises on self-reported physical function and activities of daily living (ADL) in older adults with osteoporosis or osteopenia. A search of available literature was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register. Studies were included ...
Heinonen Ari A Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, - - 2012
This study evaluated the training effects of an 18-month exercise intervention and subsequent 3.5-year follow-up on femoral neck structure in premenopausal women. Of 98 women who participated in this randomized controlled study, 84 (39 trainees and 45 controls) completed the 18-month intervention. At both 18 months and 3.5 years, dual-energy ...
Malosio Matteo M CNR-National Research Council, Institute of Industrial Technologies and Automation, via Bassini 15, Milan, Italy. - - 2012
The ankle represents a fairly complex bone structure, resulting in kinematics that hinders a flawless robot-assisted recovery of foot motility in impaired subjects. The paper proposes a novel device for ankle-foot neuro-rehabilitation based on a mechatronic redesign of the remarkable Agile Eye spherical robot on the basis of clinical requisites. ...
Duraković Zijad - - 2011
The paper deals with the sudden cardiac death during physical exercise in males in Croatia. The data are a part of a retrospective study dealing with 69 sudden death due to physical activity in men in Croatia during 27 years: from January 1, 1984 to December 31, 2010. Three of ...
Mendes Felipe Augusto Rodrigues - - 2011
: There is evidence suggesting that physical activity has anti-inflammatory effects in many chronic diseases; however, the role of exercise in airway inflammation in asthma is poorly understood. We aimed to evaluate the effects of an aerobic training program on eosinophil inflammation (primary aim) and nitric oxide (secondary aim) in ...
Osawa Yusuke Y Graduate School of Health - - 2011
Resistance training with whole-body vibration (WBV) is becoming increasingly popular as an alternative to conventional resistance training or as supplementary training. Despite its growing popularity, the specific effects of WBV training on muscle morphology, strength, and endurance are not well understood, particularly in young adults. The aim of this study ...
Morris Kathy J - - 2010
Physical activity in persons with asthma is important at any age but even more so in adolescents. Collaboration between the nurse practitioner and adolescent is essential to develop an asthma management plan that will provide for optimal physical activity and prevent asthma exacerbations while exercising.
Sato Kazunari - - 2010
The number of asthmatic patients is increasing in Japan. It is conceivable that changes in lifestyle (eg, lack of exercise and high-energy diet) may be associated with this phenomenon. The resulting factor seems to be altered activity of autonomic nervous system of these patients. When this activity was estimated by ...
Dogra Shilpa - - 2010
Supervised exercise leads to significant improvements in asthma control and quality-of-life in adults with partly controlled asthma; however, the role of unsupervised exercise is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of self-directed exercise on subjective and objective indices of asthma-related health. Participants (n  = 24) were ...
Philip George - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) can be variable in its presentation and severity. Evaluating patterns of placebo response and patient-related factors driving placebo response could facilitate more efficient clinical trials for EIB. METHODS: Data were pooled from three randomized, double-blind, crossover trials evaluating single-dose montelukast 10 mg or placebo in patients ...
McNally P - - 2010
We present the case of a child with asthma who continued to have marked exercise induced dyspnea despite appropriate treatment, and in the face of adequate control of all other asthma symptoms. Spirometry showed a marked truncation of inspiratory flow, and laryngoscopy performed immediately after exercise showed laryngomalacia with dynamic, ...
Goldflam Katja - - 2012
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is an under-recognized condition that is a distinct physical allergy. Triggers include varying amounts of exercise, alone or in combination with certain foods or medications (food-dependent EIA, or FDEIA). Therapy is identical to that of any immunoglobulin E-mediated allergic reaction. This case is reported to increase awareness ...
Schäper Christoph - - 2011
In patients with moderate to severe allergic asthma, clinical effectiveness of omalizumab, an approved anti-IgE-reacting substance, is usually assessed by pulmonary function testing (PFT), symptom scores and physicians judgement. We postulate that cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) may provide an additional option to verify symptomatic changes in patients with allergic asthma. ...
Dogra S - - 2011
Global asthma control levels are suboptimal. The influence of regular exercise on asthma control is unclear. We assessed the effects of a 12-week supervised exercise intervention followed by 12 weeks of self-administered exercise on adults with partially controlled asthma (n = 21) and matched controls (n = 15). Assessments were ...
Turner Sian - - 2011
Background: Some individuals with moderate/severe persistent asthma develop irreversible airway obstruction. These individuals present with dyspnoea, exercise intolerance and impaired quality of life (QOL), all of which could potentially be alleviated with exercise training. Objective: To investigate whether exercise training improves functional exercise capacity and QOL in middle-aged and older ...
Tilles Stephen A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To review the most important causes of exercise-induced respiratory symptoms in adolescents. DATA SOURCES: Published English-language medical literature. STUDY SELECTION: Primary literature and consensus publications relevant to the objective. RESULTS: The diagnosis and treatment of exercise-induced asthma are well characterized. Other syndromes, such as exercise-induced vocal cord dysfunction, exercise-induced ...
King Kathryn S KS Section on Medical Neuroendocrinology, Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology Program, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NICHD, National Institutes of Health NIH, Building 10, CRC, 1-East, Room 1-3140, 10 Center Drive, MSC-1109, Bethesda, MD 20892-1109, - - 2010
A cohort of nine patients, mostly young adults, presented with a new sign/symptom of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma: exercise-induced nausea and vomiting. The aims of this article are to introduce this sign/symptom and offer a possible hypothesis for the observation. Following a 2000 report from a paraganglioma patient experiencing exercise-induced nausea and vomiting, ...
Hallstrand Teal S TS University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2010
Leukotrienes are lipid mediators involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. There is significant new information about the actions of leukotrienes in asthma and the evolving role of antileukotriene therapies. We review recent findings on regulation of leukotriene synthesis, biological function of leukotrienes in disease models, and use of leukotriene modifiers ...
Dryden Donna M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objectives are: (1) To assess diagnostic test characteristics of six alternative index tests compared with the selected reference standard-a standardized exercise challenge test (ECT) in patients with suspected exercise-induced bronchoconstriction or asthma (EIB/EIA); (2) to determine the efficacy of a single prophylactic dose of four pharmacologic and one ...
Cockcroft Donald - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare direct and indirect bronchoprovocation challenges in the clinical assessment of asthma. DATA SOURCES: PubMed search using the keywords adenosine monophosphate, eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea, exercise, hypertonic saline, mannitol, and methacholine challenges and asthma. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were selected based on their relevance to the topic of this review. ...
Handoyo Steve - - 2009
The many roads leading to the syndrome of asthma have proven to be intricately interconnected. The chronic inflammation of asthma is characterized by airway hyperreactivity and variable reversibility. Past classification systems relied on assessment of daily impairment and the distinction between intrinsic (nonallergic) and extrinsic (allergic). With more precise asthma ...
Randolph Chris - - 2009
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is defined as transient, reversible bronchoconstriction that develops after strenuous exercise. It is a heterogeneous syndrome made up of a spectrum of phenotypes ranging from the asymptomatic military recruit whose condition is detected by diagnostic exercise challenge to the athlete with known asthma to the elite athlete ...
Khajotia Rumi - - 2009
Jenny, a nonsmoker, 54 years of age, presents with 3 years of dry cough, progressive breathlessness and reducing exercise tolerance. Two years ago she was diagnosed with asthma and treated with inhaled bronchodilators (which have been marginally effective). Jenny has worked in a tile factory for 22 years; 15 years ...
Bernard Alfred - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to estimate the burden of allergic diseases associated with chlorinated pool exposure among adolescents. METHODS: We examined 847 students, 13 to 18 years of age, who had attended outdoor or indoor chlorinated pools at various rates. Of them, 114 had attended mainly a copper-silver pool and ...
Krafczyk Michael A - - 2009
Don't rely on self-reported symptoms to diagnose exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Indirect testing is the best way to diagnose EIB in patients who do not have underlying asthma. Short-acting beta2-agonists should be first-line management in EIB.
Wilson Lori D LD Pediatric Exercise Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University Children's Hospital, University of California, Irvine, CA 92868, - - 2009
Brief high intensity exercise induces peripheral leukocytosis possibly leading to a higher incidence of allergic symptoms in athletes undergoing excessive training. We studied the exercise-induced alternation of circulating Tregs and FoxP3+ Tregs due to acute intense swim exercise in elite swimmers (n = 22, 12 males, age = 15.4 yrs). ...
Ngai Shirley P C - - 2009
This study examined the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation applied over acupoints (Acu-TENS) on forced expiratory volume, in patients with asthma, after exercise. Thirty subjects were randomly assigned to three groups. Group 1 received Acu-TENS over acupuncture points Lieque and Dingchuan for 45 min prior to a symptom-limited treadmill ...
Sin Betül Ayse - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic airway hyperreactivity in allergic rhinitis is a risk factor for later development of asthma. Although non-specific bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) has been measured by several stimuli, the most appropriate measurement technique still remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an exercise challenge can be used to predict BHR in seasonal ...
Storms William - - 2009
Exercise and physical activity are common triggers of symptoms in patients with asthma, although some individuals - especially athletes - may have symptoms with exercise alone. Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) describes airway hyper-reactivity that is observed following exercise in a patient who is not otherwise diagnosed with asthma; exercise-induced asthma (EIA) ...
Pearlman David - - 2009
RATIONALE: Exercise is a common trigger in children with persistent asthma and inhaled corticosteroids have been shown to effectively treat clinical manifestations of persistent asthma, including protection from decrements in lung function caused by exercise. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol 100/50 mcg ...
Cockcroft Donald W - - 2009
Airway challenges are of value in the assessment of asthma. Direct challenges (histamine and methacholine) are highly sensitive for clinically current symptomatic asthma and particularly useful to exclude current asthma when they are negative. Indirect challenges (exercise, eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation, adenosine monophosphate, hypertonic saline, mannitol) are more specific but very ...
Potts, James Edward
Indoor swimming pools, with their high ambient temperatures and relative humidity, contain a number of volatile chemicals that are known irritants, sensitizing agents, and possible carcinogens. While swimming may improve fitness and reduce morbidity associated with asthma, there is both anecdotal and scientific information to suggest that there are health-related ...
Lee So-Yeon - - 2009
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction affects 40-90% of people with asthma, compared with 3-15% of the general population. Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is diagnosed on the basis of subjective symptoms of airflow obstruction during and after exercise, objective measures of airflow obstruction and the exclusion of alternative diagnoses. Although the pathogenesis of EIA has ...
Lee Rachel U - - 2009
Common asthma triggers during recreational activities include allergen exposure, concomitant viral infection, and exercise. We present the case of a 42-year-old man with a 2-year history of wheezing, chest tightness, and upper respiratory symptoms that were associated with surfing. He denied symptoms with other forms of exercise and had no ...
Maurer Marc - - 2009
Exertional dyspnea is a common clinical problem seen with different etiologies in different clinical situations and may even be found in healthy individuals. Approximately 90% of asthmatic patients suffer from shortness of breath in the context of exercise. Dyspnea, occurring during or after exercise, can be the only clinical manifestation ...
LaBella Cynthia R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% to 50% of competitive athletes experience asthma symptoms with exercise, due to either chronic asthma or exercise-induced bronchospasm. Early recognition and management of asthma symptoms may improve athletic performance and quality of life for athletes with asthma or exercise-induced bronchospasm. Athletic trainers may have frequent opportunities to ...
Mattila P S PS Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2009
Risk of childhood asthma is increased in children with recurrent otitis media. This may be associated with recurrent respiratory tract infections in these children, but the role of adenoidectomy, a frequent operation during childhood, is unknown. Therefore, the role of adenoidectomy in the development of atopy and respiratory function changes ...
Backer V - - 2009
Background. Asthma experienced during exercise and during the night is based on the presence of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). The aim of the present study was to examine whether AHR is a predictor of exercise-induced asthma (EIA) and nighttime symptoms. Material. We included 793 asthmatics subjects with symptoms and a positive ...
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