Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1199
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Kemmler W - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term dose-response relationship of exercise frequency on areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in early post-menopausal women with osteopenia. Based on the 12-year results of the consequently supervised exercise group (EG) of the Erlangen Fitness and Osteoporosis Prevention Study, we retrospectively structured ...
Makizako Hyuma - - 2012
Background and aims: There has been much interest in exercise interventions as a primary behavioral prevention strategy against cognitive decline. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multicomponent exercise program on physical and dualtask performances in community-dwelling older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). ...
Cheng Fu-Chou - - 2012
Object Mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) from bone marrow involved in the process of peripheral nerve regeneration occurs mostly through deposits of CD34(+) cells. Treadmill exercise, with either differing intensity or duration, has been shown to increase axon regeneration and sprouting, but the effect of mobilization of HPCs on ...
Chilibeck Philip D - - 2012
We determined the effects of 2 years of exercise training and soy isoflavone supplementation on bone mass and lipids in postmenopausal women provided with calcium and vitamin D. Women were randomized to 4 groups: Exercise training (Ex); Isoflavone supplementation (Iso; 165 mg·d(-1) [105 mg·d(-1) aglycone equivalent]); combined Ex and Iso ...
Cobley J N - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of ageing and training status on (1) markers of skeletal muscle mitochondrial content and (2) the ability to activate the acute signalling pathways associated with regulating exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis muscle of ...
Uhlemann Madlen - - 2012
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding molecules regulating gene expression. Recently circulating miRNAs could be detected in the plasma, serving as novel biomarkers. Different forms of exercise mobilize progenitor cells from the bone marrow, helping in tissue repair. Data of different forms of exercise on endothelial cell damage are lacking. ...
Maggioni Martina Anna - - 2012
Background and aims. Long-stay hospitalized elderly women usually reduce daily living activities: this may lead to an accelerated worsening of body composition, cardio-metabolic condition and falls risk. Exercise training and electrical stimulation may ameliorate such condition. Methods. The effects of 3 different shortterm rehabilitation programs on lower limbs (kinesitherapy [KT], ...
Sinaki Mehrsheed - - 2012
Maintenance of bone health and quality requires mechanical strain, but the mechanical force needs to be within the bone's biomechanical competence. In osteoporosis, compression of vertebral bodies can be insidious. Therefore, absence of pain does not necessarily indicate absence of vertebral microfracture and deformity. Further, patients with previous vertebral fractures ...
Landry Bradford W - - 2012
After obesity rates in youth reached alarming rates, public health officials recognized the need for specific physical activity guidelines for children and adolescents. Numerous health care groups and sports and fitness organizations collaborated on the development of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans in 2008, which have been widely endorsed ...
Jankowski Catherine M CM College of Nursing, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Mail Stop C288-19, 13120 East 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045-2527, USA. - - 2013
N-acetyl-4-aminophenol (ACET) may impair musculoskeletal adaptations to progressive resistance exercise training (PRT) by inhibiting exercise-induced muscle protein synthesis and bone formation. To test the hypothesis that ACET would diminish training-induced increases in fat-free mass (FFM) and osteogenesis, untrained men (n = 26) aged ≥50 years participated in 16 weeks of ...
De Lisio Michael - - 2012
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is associated with a high risk of mortality partially due to the harmful effects of the preconditioning myeloablative regimens. We have recently demonstrated increased bone marrow cell survival and proliferation in response to exercise training, which may be attributable to increased quality of the niche. The ...
Scott Jonathan P R - - 2012
PURPOSE: Strenuous, endurance exercise increases biochemical markers of bone resorption but not formation, although the effect of recovery duration between consecutive bouts of exercise is unknown. We examined the effect of recovery duration on the bone metabolic response to two bouts of running. METHODS: Ten physically-active men completed two, 9-d ...
Xiang G - - 2012
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a recently identified inhibitor of bone resorption. Recent studies indicated that OPG also acts as an important regulatory molecule in the vasculature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of OPG and its associations with endothelial function before and after exercise training in Hashimoto's ...
De Lisio Michael M Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2012
The effect of exercise training on hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) is largely unknown. The aim of the present investigation was to determine whether exercise training could expand the bone marrow HSC pool and influence various aspects of HSC function. Mice were either exercise trained (EX; 1 h/day, 3 days/wk, for ...
Nilsson M - - 2012
In this population-based study of 24-year-old men, we have investigated the association between sport-specific exercise loading and different bone parameters. We reveal that the association between exercise loading and bone parameters is sport-specific, indicating that nonspecific resistance exercise does not impact bone density, geometry, or microstructure in young men. INTRODUCTION: ...
Morgan Jennifer L L JL Oak Ridge Associated Universities, NASA Johnson Space Center, 2101 NASA Parkway, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2012
Bed rest studies provide an important tool for modeling physiological changes that occur during spaceflight. Markers of bone metabolism and nutritional status were evaluated in 12 subjects (8 men, 4 women; ages 25-49 yr) who participated in a 30-day -6° head-down-tilt diet-controlled bed rest study. Blood and urine samples were ...
List Renate - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Squatting is a common strength-training exercise used for rehabilitation, fitness training and in preparation for competition. Knowledge about the loading and the motion of the back during the squat exercise is crucial to avoid overuse or injury. The aim of this study was the measurement and comparison of the ...
Shaw C S - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate changes in intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) content and perilipin 2 expression in skeletal muscle tissue following 6 mo of endurance-type exercise training in type 2 diabetes patients. Ten obese male type 2 diabetes patients (age 62 ± 1 yr, body mass index ...
Loenneke Jeremy Paul - - 2012
To remain independent and healthy, an important factor to consider is the maintenance of skeletal muscle mass. Inactivity leads to measurable changes in muscle and bone, reduces exercise capacity, impairs the immune system, and decreases the sensitivity to insulin. Therefore, maintaining physical activity is of great importance for skeletal muscle ...
Iwamoto J - - 2012
A randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine the effect of 6 months of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise on physical function in postmenopausal osteoporotic women treated with alendronate. Fifty-two ambulatory postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (mean age: 74.2 years, range: 51-91 years) were randomly divided into two groups: an exercise ...
Evans R K - - 2012
Objectives: The purpose of this controlled trial was to determine whether subtle changes in mineralization and geometry of the tibia were evident following short term exercise interventions. Methods: Fifty-seven female volunteers (age 20.1∓1.6) were randomized to one of four, 13-week training groups: sedentary control, resistance training, aerobic training, or combined ...
Nikander R - - 2012
In this 12-month RCT, we examined whether aerobic impact exercise training (3x/week) could facilitate breast cancer survivors' recovery by enhancing their bone structural strength, physical performance and body composition. After the adjuvant chemo- and/ or radiotherapy, 86 patients were randomly assigned into the training or control group. Structural bone traits ...
Garrison Deborah - - 2012
With the aging of the work force, occupational health nurses must prepare for encounters with clients who are challenged by osteoarthritis or osteoporosis. Clients should be encouraged to exercise safely to promote functioning at home and work. This article reviews recent literature on the benefits of exercise for workers with ...
Shenoy Shweta - - 2012
Low bone mass is a major health concern among young women nowadays due to sedentary lifestyle and lack of calcium rich food intake. Therefore there is an increase in the incidence of LBM among young university women so our main purpose of study was to compare effects of exercise program ...
Scott Jonathan P R - - 2012
Individuals often perform exercise in the fasted state, but the effects on bone metabolism are not currently known. We compared the effect of an overnight fast with feeding a mixed meal on the bone metabolic response to treadmill running. Ten, physically-active males aged 28±4y (mean±1SD) completed two, counterbalanced, 8d trials. ...
D'Andrea Antonello - - 2012
AIMS: Asynchronous myocardial contraction adversely influences left ventricular (LV) function and is therefore associated with a poor prognosis in heart failure. Exercise-induced change in ventricular dyssynchrony may be an important determinant of dynamic changes in cardiac output and mitral regurgitation. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospective, longitudinal study was designed with ...
Mooren Frank C - - 2012
The aim of the study was to determine whether exercise affects neutrophil apoptosis and to characterize the underlying mechanisms. Using annexin V labeling, neutrophil apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry after various bouts of exercise (marathon run, concentric/eccentric treadmill exercise, moderate/intensive resistance training) and in vitro conditions. Similarly, apoptosis-related markers ...
O'Connor Francis G - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 300 million people worldwide have sickle cell trait (SCT). Although largely benign, SCT has been associated with exertional rhabdomyolysis and exercise-related sudden death in warfighters/athletes (WA). The NCAA's policy to confirm a student-athlete's SCT status during their preparticipation medical examination prompted reaction from some organizations regarding the ...
Bisbal F - - 2012
Regular exercise provides substantial health benefits, mostly by reducing cardiovascular risk factors. However, it may also trigger acute cardiac events and cause sudden cardiac death in individuals with a pre-existing condition. In an otherwise healthy population, intense regular exercise may lead to morphological and electrical cardiac adaptations commonly referred as ...
Durall Christopher J - - 2012
Benign neck pain is common in athletes and is usually the result of minor sprains, strains, or contusions. Athletes with neck pain may have deficits in cervical and/or upper thoracic mobility, muscle recruitment, strength and endurance, repositioning acuity, postural stability, and oculomotor control. A Medline search was performed via PubMed ...
Jindal Nitin - - 2012
A 55-year-old female presented at Department of Pañcakarma with diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). For assessing disability, progressive supranuclear palsy rating scale (PSPRS) was used and balance was assessed by using Tetrax Interactive Balance System (IBS) posturography. Āyurvedic treatment was given along with Pañcakarma and balance exercises for 3 ...
Schinkel Arend F L - - 2012
The goal of this study was to evaluate the very long-term outcome after normal exercise (99m)Tc-sestamibi myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Exercise (99m)Tc-sestamibi SPECT is widely used for risk stratification, but data on very long-term outcome after a normal test are scarce. A consecutive group of 233 patients ...
Gardin Julius M - - 2012
Heart Failure: A Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise Training (HF-ACTION) was a multicenter, randomized controlled trial designed to examine the safety and efficacy of aerobic exercise training versus usual care in 2,331 patients with systolic heart failure (HF). In HF-ACTION patients with rest transthoracic echocardiographic measurements, the predictive value ...
Valente Anne Marie AM Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital and Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
Although early survival after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair in the modern era is excellent, studies on late outcomes have shown increasing rates of mortality and morbidity. Despite multiple publications on factors associated with late complications, risk factors for major outcomes (death and sustained ventricular tachycardia [VT]) remain poorly defined. ...
Myerson Merle - - 2012
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young athletes is relatively uncommon but tragic when it occurs. Many of these deaths can be prevented by pre-exercise screening to identify cardiac abnormalities and those at high risk. Although recent research has provided much needed information on SCD in athletes, there remain significant gaps ...
Tanguturi Varsha Keelara - - 2012
The clinical evaluation of athletes during symptom evaluation or pre-participation screening often involves interpretation of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Differentiating abnormal ECG findings suggestive of underlying cardiovascular disease from benign findings caused by exercise-induced cardiac adaptations can be challenging, and recent clinical guidelines have been created for this purpose. One ...
Hodnesdal Christian - - 2012
Background: The prognostic value of an isolated J-point depression, or rapidly upsloping ST-segment, on an exercise ECG has long been assumed to be a benign variant. However, little or no data supporting this assumption may be found in the literature. Our task was to examine if a rapidly upsloping ST-segment ...
Kim Chul - - 2012
To survey the cardiovascular complications induced by cardiac monitoring exercise during 10 years of our cardiac rehabilitation (CR) clinic and report on the safety of monitoring exercise training for early hospital-based CR. All cardiac patients who participated in our exercise program from January 2000 through December 2009 were recruited as ...
Johnson Nils P - - 2012
Recovery from exercise can be divided into an early, rapid period and a late, slower period. Although early heart rate (HR) recovery 1 minute after treadmill exercise independently predicts survival, the prognostic value of late HR recovery has not been well studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Deboeck Gaël G CUB Erasmus University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, - - 2012
We tested the ability of exercise testing to predict not only survival, but also time to clinical worsening (TTCW) in idiopathic versus associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). 136 patients with PAH (85 idiopathic and 51 with associated conditions) underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing and a 6-min walk test. Death or transplantation, ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M KM School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, 3455 SW US Veteran's Hospital Rd, Mailcode: SN-ORD, Portland, OR 97239, USA. - - 2012
We evaluated whether age moderated the effect of impact + resistance exercise on hip BMD in older post-menopausal breast cancer survivors (BCS). Exercise was more beneficial among younger than older women within our sample, suggesting that much older BCS may require different training programs to improve hip health. Previously, we ...
Stokes Suzy - - 2012
Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency requiring prompt action to prevent death from cardio-respiratory collapse. It can be a biphasic, unpredictable, and challenging reaction to deal with even in a hospital environment. The wilderness environments afforded by expeditions, remote health posts, and military exercises pose additional challenges often involving casualty evacuation. ...
Kenttä Tuomas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Post-exercise measurement of heart rate (HR) recovery (HRR) and QT interval dynamics provide prognostic information in various patient populations. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the spatial relationship between the depolarization and repolarization wave-fronts (TCRT) during the post-exercise recovery phase would also yield prognostic information. METHODS: The population consisted of 1297 ...
Armstrong Hilary F - - 2012
Exercise performance during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a predictor of all-cause mortality in the general population and in patients with coronary heart disease. Mortality beyond one-year after lung transplantation (LTx) is due to multiple causes, is difficult to predict, and has not been fully evaluated in LTx recipients. We ...
Sorajja Paul - - 2012
Patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) are at increased risk of death or severe symptoms. Although metabolic exercise testing is routinely used in the evaluation of a variety of cardiac diseases, data on the prognostic information that can be derived from such testing in HC is lacking. We examined 182 ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2012
N-Terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET)-derived variables are gold standards for assessing prognosis in heart failure (HF) patients. We sought to refine cardiac events prediction by performing a combined analysis of NT-proBNP with markers of exercise ventilatory efficiency. A total of 260 stable HF patients underwent ...
Gayda Mathieu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The long-term prognostic value of heart rate recovery (HRR) has been incompletely documented in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to confirm the prognostic value of HRR in a large cohort with stable CAD. METHODS: From the Coronary Artery Surgery Study registry, a database of 24,958 patients ...
Reinking Mark F - - 2012
The purposes of this research were to (1) investigate the effect of foot orthotic use on exercise related leg pain (ERLP) in cross-country (XC) athletes, and (2) determine if an association between foot type and foot orthotic use exists. Prospective cohort design. High schools and colleges in a Midwestern metropolitan ...
Duckham Rachel L - - 2012
To identify psychological and physiological correlates of stress fracture in female endurance athletes. A cross-sectional design was used with a history of stress fractures and potential risk factors assessed at one visit. Female-endurance athletes (58 runners and 12 triathletes) aged 26.0±7.4 years completed questionnaires on stress fracture history, menstrual history, ...
Bonato M - - 2012
Moderate intensity aerobic activity reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in the general population and has a potential in preventing bone loss. We evaluated the effects of brisk walking, with or without strength exercise, on bone mineral density in HIV-infected treated persons. Twenty-eight HIV-infected, cART-treated, sedentary ...
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