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Results 101 - 150 of 1152
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Moreside Janice M - - 2013
: The purpose of this study was to analyze the transference of increased passive hip ROM and core endurance to functional movement. 24 healthy young men with limited hip mobility were randomly assigned to 4 intervention groups: 1)Stretching; 2)Stretching plus hip/spine disassociation exercises; 3)Core endurance; 4)Control. Previous work has documented ...
Granacher Urs - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aging process results in a number of functional (e.g., deficits in balance and strength/power performance), neural (e.g., loss of sensory/motor neurons), muscular (e.g., atrophy of type-II muscle fibers in particular), and bone-related (e.g., osteoporosis) deteriorations. Traditionally, balance and/or lower extremity resistance training were used to mitigate these age-related ...
Bolam K A - - 2013
Although trials have shown that exercise has positive effects on bone mineral density (BMD), the majority of exercise trials have been conducted in older women. The aim of this study was to systematically review trials examining the effect of weight-bearing and resistance-based exercise modalities on the BMD of hip and ...
Stolzenberg N - - 2013
Maintaining neuromuscular function in older age is an important topic for aging societies, especially for older women with low bone density who may be at risk of falls and bone fracture. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of resistive exercise with either whole-body vibration training (VIB) or coordination/balance training ...
Shenoy Shweta - - 2013
There are contradictory reports regarding the effect of soy protein isolate on bone health in menopause. The main objective of this study was to assess the influence of soy isolate protein intake and resistance exercises on isokinetic muscle strength, endurance, power, and bone health parameters in osteopenic/osteoporotic postmenopausal women. Sixty ...
McQueen Dana - - 2013
Mounting evidence shows that low-birth-weight and prematurity are related to serious health problems in adulthood, including increased body fat, decreased fitness, poor bone mineralization, pulmonary problems, and cardiovascular disease. There are data to suggest that increasing physical activity in preterm infants will have effects on short-term muscle mass and fat ...
Kim Woong - - 2013
Objective-To investigate histomorphometric changes in the cartilage and subchondral bone of the third carpal bone associated with conditioning exercise in young Thoroughbreds. Animals-Nine 18-month-old Thoroughbreds. Procedures-Both third carpal bones of 9 horses (4 exercised spontaneously at pasture only and 5 given additional conditioning exercise beginning at a mean age of ...
Ohtake Mariko - - 2013
Intervention strategies for 'prevention of conditions leading to the need for long-term care' (prevention of long-term care status) that have physically and mentally proven effects are needed. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to clarify the physical and psycho-social effects of an exercise program, easily performed at home ...
Balsamo Sandor - - 2013
Many studies have shown that resistance training has a positive effect on bone mineral density (BMD). However, few studies have compared the BMD of individuals undergoing resistance training and those training aquatic weight-bearing exercises. To compare, in a cross-sectional study, the BMD of postmenopausal women undergoing resistance training and postmenopausal ...
Melling C W J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Modern exogenous insulin therapy can improve the quality of life of Type 1 Diabetic Mellitus (T1DM) patients, although maintenance of normal glycaemic levels is often a challenge given the variety of factors that alter it. A number of studies have examined the effect of exercise in T1DM; however, the ...
Masharawi Youssef - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of active non-weight-bearing (NWB) group exercising on women with non specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). Forty females with NSCLBP were assigned in a randomized control longitudinal single blinded pilot study. 20 of them were assigned to a NWB bi-weekly ...
Hammar Mats - - 2013
Expected life span is gradually increasing worldwide. Healthy dietary and exercise habits contribute to healthy ageing. Certain types of diet can prevent or reduce obesity, and may reduce the risk of diseases (e.g. cardiovascular disease). Exercise also reduces the risk of diseases (e.g. cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, some cancers and some ...
Frings-Meuthen P - - 2013
Objectives: Wnt signaling pathway may be crucial in the pathogenesis of disuse-induced bone loss. Sclerostin and DKK1, antagonists of the Wnt signaling pathway, were assessed during immobilization by bed rest in young, healthy people. Methods: Two bed rest studies were conducted at the German Aerospace Center in Cologne. 14 days ...
Stolzenberg N - - 2013
Objectives: In order to better understand which training approaches are more effective for preventing bone loss in post-menopausal women with low bone mass, we examined the effect of a nine-month resistive exercise program with either an additional whole body vibration exercise (VIB) or balance training (BAL). Methods: 68 post-menopausal women ...
Sandstedt Eva - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Decreased muscle strength, fitness and well-being are common in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) compared to healthy peers. Biological drugs have improved health in children with JIA, but despite this pain is still a major symptom and bone health is reported as decreased in the ...
Smart Neil A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent, affecting 13% of adult Australians and poses increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This position article provides evidence-based guidelines on the role of exercise training for CKD patients and provides recommendations for prescribing and delivering exercise training. DESIGN: Position stand. METHODS: Synthesis ...
Fjordbakk Cathrine T - - 2013
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: The pathogenesis of dynamic bilateral laryngeal collapse (DLC) associated with poll flexion is unknown. Diagnosis is dependent upon exercise endoscopy while replicating the flexed head position harness racehorses experience during racing. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of poll flexion on rostro-caudal laryngeal positioning and laryngeal lumen ...
Egan Brendan - - 2013
Preservation of aerobic fitness and skeletal muscle strength through exercise training can ameliorate metabolic dysfunction and prevent chronic disease. These benefits are mediated in part by extensive metabolic and molecular remodeling of skeletal muscle by exercise. Aerobic and resistance exercise represent extremes on the exercise continuum and elicit markedly different ...
Grelier S - - 2013
Aim: For many years, exercise has been regarded as one of the three primary interventions to treat type 2 diabetes along with diet and medication. Combined exercise programs consisting of both aerobic and resistance training have been demonstrated to have more benefits in a sedentary population than either type of ...
Moon Hye Jin - - 2013
To compare the effects of lumbar stabilization exercises and lumbar dynamic strengthening exercises on the maximal isometric strength of the lumbar extensors, pain severity and functional disability in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). Patients suffering nonspecific LBP for more than 3 months were included prospectively and randomized into ...
Pernambuco Carlos Soares - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of an AAG on BMD, osteocalcin and functional autonomy in older women. The sample consisted of eighty-two post-menopausal women with low BMD, randomly divided into two groups: the Aquatic Aerobics Group [AAG; n=42; age: 66.8±4.2years], submitted to two weekly ...
Ju Yong-In - - 2013
Three-dimensional femoral trabecular architecture was investigated in tail-suspended young growing rats and the effects of jump exercise during the period of tail-suspension were also examined. Eight-week-old male Wistar rats (n = 24) were randomly assigned to three body weight-matched groups: a tail suspended group (SUS, n = 8); a sedentary control group (CON, n = 8) ...
Stolzenberg Nils - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To prevent falls in the elderly, especially those with low bone density, is it necessary to maintain muscle coordination and balance. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of classical balance training (BAL) and whole-body vibration training (VIB) on postural control in post-menopausal women with low ...
Krabak Brian J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the current use of dry-land training in swimmers by age category. DESIGN: Randomized sampling questionnaire. SETTING: Web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-seven coaches from swim clubs throughout the United States. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dry-land training use, frequency, duration, mode of exercise, and exercise by body region in the following ...
Groeneveldt Lara - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Exercise programmes are beneficial for cancer patients however evidence is limited in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), a cancer that is characterised by osteolytic bone disease, giving rise to high levels of bone morbidity including fractures and bone pain. METHODS: We conducted a single arm phase 2 study ...
Ohba Seigo - - 2013
PURPOSE: Intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) is an effective surgical technique for cases of mandibular setback, is simpler and has a lower incidence of mental paraesthesia when compared to sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO). However, IVRO has a disadvantage in the prolonged duration of postoperative maxillary-mandibular fixation (MMF) required due ...
Leblanc A - - 2013
We report the results of alendronate ingestion plus exercise in preventing the declines in bone mass and strength and elevated levels of urinary calcium and bone resorption in astronauts during 5.5 months of spaceflight. INTRODUCTION: This investigation was an international collaboration between NASA and the JAXA space agencies to investigate the ...
Kemmler W - - 2013
In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the effect of exercise on fracture reduction in the elderly. Our results determined a significantly positive effect on overall fractures, whereas the possibility of a publication bias indicates the need for well-designed (multi-center) trials that generate enough power to focus on osteoporotic fractures. INTRODUCTION: The ...
Narra Nathaniel - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the association between different types of exercise loading and femoral neck cross-sectional geometry. Our data comprised proximal femur magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained from 91 female athletes and their 20 age-matched controls. The athletes were categorized according to typical training activity - ...
Winter Corinna C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While research on exercise interventions during anticancer treatment is well-established in adults, only very few studies exist in children. However, pediatric patients experience great limitations to being physically active, and appropriate interventions are desired. PROCEDURE: The present study aimed at investigating the effects of individualized exercise interventions during inpatient ...
Allison Sarah J SJ Loughborough University, Leicestershire, - - 2013
There is little evidence as to whether exercise can increase BMD in older men with no investigation of high impact exercise. Lifestyle changes and individual variability may confound exercise trials but can be minimised using a within-subject unilateral design (exercise leg [EL] vs. control leg [CL]) that has high statistical ...
Mosti M P - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Current guidelines recommend weight-bearing activities, preferably strength training for improving skeletal health in patients with osteoporosis. What type of strength training that is most beneficial for these patients is not established. Maximal strength training (MST) is known to improve one repetition maximum (1RM) and rate of force development (RFD) ...
Hojan Katarzyna - - 2013
Background: The assessment of the impact aerobic exercises on bone mineral density in breast cancer women during endocrine therapy (ET). Material/Methods: The study included 53 women (mean 44.3 ±SD 4.9) during breast cancer treatment. This was a nonrandomized, prospective clinical study. The following examinations of the assessment of bone in ...
Gorostiaga Esteban M - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. e40621 in vol. 7.].
Johnston Therese E - - 2013
Children with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at risk for the same health related complications experienced by adults with SCI; however, children are likely at increased risk due to the young age at which the injury was sustained. Common health related complications impact the cardiovascular, respiratory, and musculoskeletal systems, increasing ...
Kijak Edward - - 2013
On the basis of selected cases, evaluation of the usefulness of muscular exercises in rehabilitation of patients stricken by a dysfunction of the motor system of the chewing organ was accomplished. The assessment of the electric function of chewing muscles together with the registration of mandibular movements with the axiographic Zebris JMA apparatus ...
Vicente Wagner S - - 2013
To characterize the potential sexual dimorphism of bone in response to exercise. Young male and female Wistar rats were either submitted to 12 weeks of exercise or remained sedentary. The training load was adjusted at the mid-trial (week 6) by the maximal speed test. A mechanical test was performed to ...
Giangregorio Lora M - - 2013
Vertebral fractures are associated with increased morbidity (e.g., pain, reduced quality of life), and mortality. Therapeutic exercise is a non-pharmacologic conservative treatment that is often recommended for patients with vertebral fractures to reduce pain and restore functional movement. Our objectives were to evaluate the benefits and harms of exercise interventions ...
Waller Benjamin - - 2013
Symptoms associated with osteoarthritis of the knee result in decreased function, loss of working capacity and extensive social and medical costs. There is a need to investigate and develop effective interventions to minimise the impact of and even prevent the progression of osteoarthritis. Aquatic exercise has been shown to be ...
Kang Min-Hyeok - - 2013
Hamstring-stretching exercises are frequently used to change lumbar spine and hip movements in the clinic. However, little research into the effects of hamstring flexibility on lumbar spine and hip movements during lifting tasks has been reported. We investigated effects of hamstring-stretching exercises on the kinematics of the lumbar spine and ...
Kelley George A - - 2013
Background. Dropouts and compliance to exercise interventions targeting bone mineral density (BMD) in adults are not well established. The purpose of this study was to address that gap. Methods. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled exercise intervention trials in adults ≥18 years of age. The primary outcomes were dropouts in the exercise ...
Cruz-Ferreira Ana - - 2013
A randomized, controlled trial was conducted to determine the effect of Pilates-based exercise on postural alignment. Seventy-four adult women (mean age ± SD, 34.9 ± 16.4 years) were randomized to a Pilates-based mat class (n = 40) or a control group (n = 34). Pilates-based exercise participants were taught the ...
Carstanjen B - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyze the acute effect of whole body vibration exercise (WBVE) on clinical parameters and blood values in horses. Seven horses were exposed to a 10 min WBVE at a frequency of 15-21 Hz. Clinical parameters and venous blood samples were taken before and ...
Takeda Satoko - - 2013
Some studies have shown that dietary hydrolyzed collagen peptides (HC) effectively prevent age-related bone loss. However, it is not known whether the intake of HC also has positive effect on bone mass or strength when combined with exercise during growth phase. We examined the effects of 11 weeks of HC ...
Jackman Trent - - 2013
This case report describes the physical therapy episode of care for an adolescent following surgical placement of an intramedullary skeletal kinetic distractor (ISKD) to minimize a leg-length discrepancy (LLD). A 14-year-old female was referred to home health physical therapy 2 weeks after ISKD placement in her right femur. The initial ...
Nalbandian Angèle - - 2013
The therapeutic effects of exercise resistance and endurance training in the alleviation of muscle hypertrophy/atrophy should be considered in the management of patients with advanced neuromuscular diseases. Patients with progressive neuromuscular diseases often experience muscle weakness, which negatively impact independence and quality of life levels. Mutations in the valosin containing ...
Boppart Marni D - - 2013
Skeletal muscle repair is essential for effective remodeling, tissue maintenance, and initiation of beneficial adaptations post-eccentric exercise. A series of well characterized events, such as recruitment of immune cells and activation of satellite cells, constitute the basis for muscle regeneration. However, details regarding the fine-tuned regulation of this process in ...
Thent Zar Chi - - 2013
Exercise training programs have emerged as a useful therapeutic regimen for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Majority of the Western studies highlighted the effective role of exercise in T2DM. Therefore, the main aim was to focus on the extent, type of exercise and its clinical significance in ...
Kelley George A - - 2013
Objective. Examine the effects of exercise on femoral neck (FN) and lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral density (BMD) in premenopausal women. Methods. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled exercise trials ≥24 weeks in premenopausal women. Standardized effect sizes (g) were calculated for each result and pooled using random-effects models, Z score alpha ...
Fan Weiwei - - 2013
Skeletal muscle is the largest organ in the human body and is the major site for energy expenditure. It exhibits remarkable plasticity in response to physiological stimuli such as exercise. Physical exercise remodels skeletal muscle and enhances its capability to burn calories, which has been shown to be beneficial for ...
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