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Results 101 - 150 of 1199
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Salmon Danielle M - - 2013
To address the high prevalence of neck dysfunction in helicopter aircrew, a 12-wk training program was designed to examine the effects on neck muscular strength and endurance. Subjects were recruited from Canadian Forces (CF) helicopter aircrew and randomized into either a neck coordination training program (CTP; N = 10), an ...
Terada Shigeru S Department of Rehabilitation, Kanazawa Red Cross Hospital, Japan ; Doctoral Course of Rehabilitation Science, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of isokinetic passive exercise and motion velocity on passive stiffness. In addition, we also discuss the effects of the contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles on passive stiffness. [Subjects] The subjects were 20 healthy men with no bone or ...
Eom Min Yong MY Department of Rehabilitation Therapy, Graduate School of Hallym University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of bridging exercise on different support surfaces on the thickness of the musculus transversus abdominis and lower extremity muscle activities. [Subjects] Thirty-five students of H University. [Methods] The experimental group (n=18) performed bridging exercise on the sling support surface, ...
Vrba T - - 2013
A simple hemispherical phantom has been designed and prepared for the EURADOS intercomparison exercise on (241)Am activity determination in the skull (2011-13). The phantom consists of three parts that substitute bone and soft tissues. (241)Am is deposited on the surfaces of the bone-substituting part. The design and assumed composition of ...
Moreira Linda Denise Fernandes - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the 24-week effects of a high-intensity aquatic exercise program on bone remodeling markers and bone mass of postmenopausal women. In this randomized, controlled trial we studied 108 women (58.8 ± 6.4 years), randomized into Aquatic Exercise Group (AEG), n = 64, performing 24 weeks of aquatic exercises, and Control Group (CG), ...
Pekkala Satu - - 2013
Recently contradictory findings concerning the function of irisin and its precursor gene, skeletal muscle FNDC5 in energy homeostasis and the regulatory role of exercise and PGC-1α therein have been reported. We therefore evaluated whether muscle FNDC5 mRNA and serum irisin are exercise-responsive and whether PGC-1α expression is associated with FNDC5 ...
Fletcher Jennifer A - - 2013
: The purpose of this paper is to look at the effects of exercise in the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in athletes of all age groups. Recommendations for exercise programs will be discussed as a tool to improve bone health. Medical management of osteoporosis will be reviewed mainly as ...
Carter Jason R - - 2013
Compare and contrast strategies remain common pedagogical practices within physiological education. With the support of an American Physiological Society Teaching Career Enhancement Award, we have developed a junior- or senior-level undergraduate curriculum for exercise physiology that compares and contrasts the physiological adaptations of chronic terrestrial exercise (TEx) and microgravity (μG). ...
Nemcić Tomislav T University Department of Rheumatology, Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Referral Center for Spondyloarthropathies of the Ministry of Health, Republic of Croatia, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to compare the effect ofwater-based exercise in thermal mineral water versus land-based exercise therapy on the lumbar spine range of motion and physical disability in adult patients with chronic low back pain. Out of 72 patients hospitalized for inpatient treatment in a special rehabilitation ...
Mennen-Winchell Lori J - - 2013
Men with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are at increased risk for decreased bone mineral density (BMD). This study evaluates the relationship between self-reported daily activity, endurance and resistance exercise, and BMD measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in prostate cancer patients receiving ADT. We recruited 96 men ...
Cormie P P Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, - - 2013
Due to concerns of fragility fracture, exercise is a perceived contraindication for prostate cancer patients with bone metastases. These patients experience significant functional impairment and muscle atrophy, which may lead to an increased likelihood of skeletal complicaTIOns (i.e., pathological fracture, bone pain) and/or falls. Safe resistance exercise prescription may counteract ...
Gray M M Health, Human Performance, and Recreation University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR USA - - - 2013
The purpose of this 48-week exercise intervention was designed to examine the effects of power and resistance training on bone mineral density (BMD). Premenopausal women were recruited and randomly assigned to either a power (N.=8) or resistance (N.=11) training group. The power exercises included jumping rope, skipping, hopping, and other ...
Nogueira Rossana C - - 2013
To determine the effects of school-based, bone-focused exercise interventions on bone, fat and lean mass in children by systematically reviewing and meta-analyzing the literature. Potentially relevant papers were identified by searching electronic databases. Abstracts were included if they described the effects of an in-school exercise intervention for children 5-17 years ...
van der Molen Lisette - - 2013
The objective of the study was the assessment of the results of a prospective clinical trial with two preventive swallowing rehabilitation programs on the long-term side effects of chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in advanced head and neck cancer patients. The study cohort consisted of 29 patients, randomized in two exercise groups: a ...
Armamento-Villareal R - - 2013
We studied the relationships among strength, muscle mass, and bone mineral density (BMD) with lifestyle change. Lifestyle therapy consisted of exercise, diet, and diet plus exercise. Diet was by caloric restriction to induce and maintain a weight loss of 10 % from baseline body weight. Exercise attenuated weight loss-induced muscle and ...
Pingel J - - 2013
Tendinopathy is often discovered late because the initial development of tendon pathology is asymptomatic. The aim of this study was to examine the potential role of mast cell involvement in early tendinopathy using a high-intensity uphill running (HIUR) exercise model. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided in two groups: running ...
Silva Raimunda B - - 2013
The overall effect of exercise on falls and fracture prevention in long term care facilities remains controversial. In this study, we aimed to analyze the impact and the characteristics of the most effective physical exercise regime to prevent falls and fractures in this particular setting. Our search looked for randomized ...
Bansal Symron S Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, - - 2014
To evaluate previous research to determine if exercise can improve preexisting hyperkyphosis by decreasing the angle of thoracic kyphosis in adults aged ≥45 years. PubMed, Embase, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases were searched for studies related to posture, exercise, and age ≥45 years. Online ...
Márquez Sara - - 2013
Introduction: The female athlete triad (FAT) is a serious health-related problem that threatens women who exercise. This condition is an interrelated multifactorial syndrome which includes low energy availability, menstrual cycle disturbances and decreased bone mineral density. Objective: To review the major components of the FAT and their relationships, as well ...
Kim Min-Hee MH Institute of Health Science, Yonsei - - 2013
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect of push-up exercise with hip adduction on the COP deviation and SA and L1 spinal muscle activation. [Subjects] Twelve males aged 20-30 years were recruited. [Methods] We measured the COP deviation and SA and L1 spinal muscle activities during push-up exercise with and without ...
Neumeyer Ann M AM Lurie Center for Autism, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, One Maguire Road, Lexington, MA 02421, USA. - - 2013
We determined whether bone mineral density (BMD) is lower in boys with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) than controls, and also assessed variables that may affect BMD in ASD. BMD was measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 18 boys with ASD and 19 controls 8-14 years old. Boys with ASD ...
Nakazono E - - 2013
A 3-year follow-up study on 334 young Japanese females enrolled in a university at the age of 18 years revealed that discontinuation of leisure time impact-loading exercises performed in junior high and/or high school was associated with increased risk of reduction in calcaneus osteo-sono assessment index (OSI). Bone strength rapidly increases ...
Multanen Juhani - - 2013
Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis often coexist in postmenopausal women. The simultaneous effect of bone-favorable high-impact training on these diseases is not well understood and is a topic of controversy. We evaluated the effects of high-impact exercise on bone mineral content (BMC) and the estimated biochemical composition of knee cartilage in postmenopausal ...
Gianoudis Jenny - - 2013
Multi-modal exercise programs incorporating traditional progressive resistance training (PRT), weight-bearing impact and/or balance training are recommended to reduce risk factors for falls and fracture. However, muscle power, or the ability to produce force rapidly, has emerged as a more crucial variable to functional decline than muscle strength or mass. The ...
Franchi Marco - - 2013
Abstract In this study the morphological and morphometric changes in the collagen crimping pattern of Achilles tendon and metabolism/expression of tenocytes explanted from tendons of running (RUN) and sedentary (SED) rats were investigated to assess the effects of 12 weeks' moderate running exercise. The number, the top angle width and ...
Ishikawa Saori - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Because growing bone possesses a greater capacity to adapt to mechanical loading than does mature bone, it is important for girls to engage in weight-bearing activities, especially since the prevalence of osteoporosis among older women is considerably higher than that of older men. In recent years, the osteogenic potential ...
Almeida Matheus O - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal, ligamentous and osseous groin injuries are common in athletes and may result in a delay of several months to resume sports. Even then, this may not be at the former level of sport activity. The treatment of exercise-related groin pain is mainly conservative (non-surgical), using interventions such as ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of exercise frequency on various diseases and risk factors of the elderly. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a randomized controlled 18-month exercise trial. SETTING: University ambulatory group setting. PARTICIPANTS: 162 community-dwelling women ≥65 years in the area of Erlangen-Nuremberg. INTERVENTION: Mixed, intense aerobic, resistance and balance ...
Senter Carlin - - 2013
One- half of women in the United States do not meet the weekly dose of physical activity recommended by the Centers for Disease Control. Many women could benefit tremendously if they were to adopt a more active lifestyle. Health benefits from exercise include lowering the risk for cardiovascular disease, slowing ...
Cho Misuk M Department of Physical Therapy, Korea Nazarene - - 2013
[Purpose] We examined the effects of an abdominal drawing-in bridge exercise using a pressure biofeedback unit on different bases on the thickness of trunk and abdominal muscles, and lumbar stability. [Subjects] Thirty healthy young adults (2 males, 28 females) took part in this study. The subjects were randomly and equally ...
Srbinoska H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between the back shape of the lumbar region and the spinal loads during activities performed in the sagittal plane. Measurements were performed in four subjects who had suffered from a compression fracture of a lumbar vertebral body which was treated ...
Hoogvliet Peter - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Owing to the change in paradigm of the histological nature of epicondylitis, therapeutic modalities as exercises such as stretching and eccentric loading and mobilisation are considered for its treatment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence for effectiveness of exercise therapy and mobilisation techniques for both medial and lateral epicondylitis. METHODS: ...
Palombaro Kerstin M - - 2013
<LEAP> highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane Library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and against the effectiveness and appropriateness of interventions-medications, surgery, education, ...
Falla D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although exercise can be effective for relief of neck pain, little is known about the effect of exercise on the neural control of neck muscles. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 46 women with chronic neck pain to investigate the immediate effectiveness of an 8-week exercise programme ...
Dzierżanowski Maciej - - 2013
Pain in the lower segments of the spine is among the most frequent symptoms in industrialized countries. Injuries to intervertebral discs are the cause of this kind of discomfort in 90% of cases. The factors promoting the disease are: physical activity limitation, prolonged sitting position, overweight and bad movement stereotypes. ...
Kim Dong-Hyun DH Department of Physical Therapy, Inje - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of present study was to develop an exercise device for assisting neck retraction exercise and to investigate its effectiveness. [Subjects] Fifteen male subjects were recruited. [Methods] The subjects performed the neck retraction exercises with and without assistive device for neck retraction (ANR). EMG activities of the lower ...
Starnes Joseph W - - 2013
It is now widely recognized that in order to optimize bone health in the later years, bone healthy behaviors should begin at a young age and continue throughout life. Prescribed orally to lower lipid levels in adults of all ages, statins have also been shown to stimulate bone formation in ...
Honold Joerg - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Intracoronary infusion of bone marrow-derived progenitor cells (BMC) in patients with chronic ischaemic heart failure (CHF) is associated with improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), reduction of NT-proBNP levels and improved prognosis. However, effects of this therapy on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity have not been investigated separately so far. ...
Marques Elisa A - - 2013
This study examines the effects of 32 weeks of exercise training on balance, lower-extremity muscle strength, bone mineral density (BMD) and serum levels of bone metabolism and inflammatory markers in older adults. Forty-seven healthy older adults (women=24, men=23; mean age 68.2 years) participated in a exercise intervention (60min/session) that included ...
Moreside Janice M - - 2013
: The purpose of this study was to analyze the transference of increased passive hip ROM and core endurance to functional movement. 24 healthy young men with limited hip mobility were randomly assigned to 4 intervention groups: 1)Stretching; 2)Stretching plus hip/spine disassociation exercises; 3)Core endurance; 4)Control. Previous work has documented ...
Granacher Urs - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aging process results in a number of functional (e.g., deficits in balance and strength/power performance), neural (e.g., loss of sensory/motor neurons), muscular (e.g., atrophy of type-II muscle fibers in particular), and bone-related (e.g., osteoporosis) deteriorations. Traditionally, balance and/or lower extremity resistance training were used to mitigate these age-related ...
Bolam K A - - 2013
Although trials have shown that exercise has positive effects on bone mineral density (BMD), the majority of exercise trials have been conducted in older women. The aim of this study was to systematically review trials examining the effect of weight-bearing and resistance-based exercise modalities on the BMD of hip and ...
Stolzenberg N - - 2013
Maintaining neuromuscular function in older age is an important topic for aging societies, especially for older women with low bone density who may be at risk of falls and bone fracture. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of resistive exercise with either whole-body vibration training (VIB) or coordination/balance training ...
Shenoy Shweta - - 2013
There are contradictory reports regarding the effect of soy protein isolate on bone health in menopause. The main objective of this study was to assess the influence of soy isolate protein intake and resistance exercises on isokinetic muscle strength, endurance, power, and bone health parameters in osteopenic/osteoporotic postmenopausal women. Sixty ...
McQueen Dana - - 2013
Mounting evidence shows that low-birth-weight and prematurity are related to serious health problems in adulthood, including increased body fat, decreased fitness, poor bone mineralization, pulmonary problems, and cardiovascular disease. There are data to suggest that increasing physical activity in preterm infants will have effects on short-term muscle mass and fat ...
Kim Woong - - 2013
Objective-To investigate histomorphometric changes in the cartilage and subchondral bone of the third carpal bone associated with conditioning exercise in young Thoroughbreds. Animals-Nine 18-month-old Thoroughbreds. Procedures-Both third carpal bones of 9 horses (4 exercised spontaneously at pasture only and 5 given additional conditioning exercise beginning at a mean age of ...
Ohtake Mariko - - 2013
Intervention strategies for 'prevention of conditions leading to the need for long-term care' (prevention of long-term care status) that have physically and mentally proven effects are needed. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to clarify the physical and psycho-social effects of an exercise program, easily performed at home ...
Balsamo Sandor - - 2013
Many studies have shown that resistance training has a positive effect on bone mineral density (BMD). However, few studies have compared the BMD of individuals undergoing resistance training and those training aquatic weight-bearing exercises. To compare, in a cross-sectional study, the BMD of postmenopausal women undergoing resistance training and postmenopausal ...
Melling C W J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Modern exogenous insulin therapy can improve the quality of life of Type 1 Diabetic Mellitus (T1DM) patients, although maintenance of normal glycaemic levels is often a challenge given the variety of factors that alter it. A number of studies have examined the effect of exercise in T1DM; however, the ...
Hammar Mats - - 2013
Expected life span is gradually increasing worldwide. Healthy dietary and exercise habits contribute to healthy ageing. Certain types of diet can prevent or reduce obesity, and may reduce the risk of diseases (e.g. cardiovascular disease). Exercise also reduces the risk of diseases (e.g. cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, some cancers and some ...
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