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Abreu Eduardo L EL Eduardo L. Abreu, MD, DEng, is Assistant Professor, Muscle Biology Research Group, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri-Kansas City. An-Lin Cheng, PhD, is Associate Professor; Patricia J. Kelly, PhD, is Professor; and Keyna Chertoff, MS, is Senior Research Associate, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri-Kansas City. Leticia Brotto, MD, is Research Associate & Laboratory Manager, Muscle Biology Research Group, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri-Kansas City. Elizabeth Griffith, BS, is Adult/Older Adult Program Manager, Clay County Public Health Center, Liberty, MO. Glenda Kinder, FNP, is Nutrition & Health Education Specialist, University of Missouri Extension, St. Louis. Tina Uridge, MS, is Executive Director, Clay County Senior Services, Gladstone, MO. Rob Zachow, PhD, is Associate Professor, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ. Marco Brotto, BSN, MS, PhD, is Dale and Dorothy Thompson Missouri Endowed Professor of Nursing Research, Director Muscle Biology Research Group, School of Nursing and Health Studies and School of Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas - - 2014
Loss of muscle mass and strength (i.e., sarcopenia) in the older adults is a strong predictor of falls, with subsequent morbidity and inability to execute activities of daily living. Use of biomarkers may enhance assessment of effects of community-based exercise interventions aimed at improving muscle strength. The aim of this ...
Cesarec Gordana - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by decreased bone mass and impaired microarchitecture resulting in bone fragility and an increased risk of fractures. Prevention of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures among others include adequate physical activity. Epidemiological studies indicate that fewer fractures in active women, regardless of whether it is a result ...
Joshua Abraham M AM Associate Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, Kasturba Medical College , Mangalore, India - - 2014
Falls are important health issues among the elderly people. Most falls in elderly result from abnormal balance control mechanisms. Balance and muscle force generation are directly related, and are associated with age related muscular changes. Studies addressing fall prevention have focused on various group and individualised strength training. However, evidence ...
Zhang J J Evidence-Based Medicine Group, Department of Spine Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 415 Fengyang Road, Shanghai, 200003, - - 2014
Exercise has been recommended to increase bone mass and prevent osteoporosis. While current treatment of osteoporosis mainly involves the use of antiresorptive agents, it is unclear whether there are any additive effects in improving bone mass when antiresorptive agents and exercise are jointly used. A structured and comprehensive search of ...
Barrack Michelle T MT California State University, Northridge, Northridge, California, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Identifying the risk factors associated with a bone stress injury (BSI), including stress reactions and stress fractures, may aid in targeting those at increased risk and in formulating prevention guidelines for exercising girls and women. PURPOSE:To evaluate the effect of single or combined risk factors as defined by the female ...
Johnson Teresa L TL Skeletal Biology Laboratory, School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, - - 2014
Bone health is influenced by numerous lifestyle factors, including diet and exercise. Alcohol is a major nonessential constituent of diet and has dose- and context-dependent effects on bone. Endurance exercise is associated with increased risk of stress fractures. The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term independent and ...
Olesen Jesper J CIM and CFAS, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Aim: To investigate the metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol alone and when combined with exercise training in skeletal muscle of aged human subjects. Material and Methods: Healthy physically inactive men (60-72 year old) were randomized into either 8 weeks of daily intake of 250 mg resveratrol or placebo or ...
Rief Harald - - 2014
Spinal bone metastases are commonly diagnosed in cancer patients. The consequences are pain both at rest and under exercise, impairment of activities of daily life (ADL), reduced clinical performance, the risk of pathological fractures, and neurological deficits. The aim of this randomized, controlled pilot trial was to investigate the feasibility ...
Wurzer Birgit B University of Otago, School of Physiotherapy, Dunedin, New - - 2014
To investigate the association between length of participation in Steady As You Go (SAYGO) peer-led fall prevention exercise classes for older adults and 12-month fall incidence. Twelve-month prospective cohort study SETTING: Community settings in the Otago region of New Zealand PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred seven older adults (65+ years) actively participating ...
Ferraro Elisabetta E IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, Pathophysiology and Treatment of Muscle Wasting Disorders Unit, Rome, Italy ; - - 2014
Significance Skeletal muscle is a highly plastic tissue. Exercise evokes signaling pathways that strongly modify myofiber metabolism and physiological and contractile properties of skeletal muscle. Regular physical activity is beneficial for health and is highly recommended for the prevention of several chronic conditions. In this review we have focused our ...
Mayer John M JM School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
Firefighting is a dangerous occupation with a high incidence of low back pain and injury. Abnormal back muscle function and morphology has been linked to low back pain and poor physical performance. The effect of exercise training on back muscle size and symmetry has not been investigated in firefighters. The ...
Broskey Nicholas T NT Department of Physiology (N.T.B., C.G., F.A.), School of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne CH-1005, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, and Methodology (A.B., R.K., C.B.), University of Bern, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland; Nestle Institute of Health Sciences (M.B., C.C.), Lausanne CH-1015, Switzerland; Service of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism (A.D., F.A.), Service of Cardiology (L.S.), Center for Bone Disease (D.H.), and Sports Medicine Unit (G.G.), University Hospital, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland; and Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (F.A.), School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - - 2014
Sarcopenia is thought to be associated with mitochondrial (Mito) loss. It is unclear whether the decrease in Mito content is consequent to aging per se or to decreased physical activity. The objective of the study was to examine the influence of fitness on Mito content and function and to assess ...
Cormie Prue P Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, WA, 6027, Australia, - - 2014
Exercise may represent an effective adjunct therapy to current medical management strategies for maintaining functional independence and improving quality of life in cancer patients with bone metastatic disease. However, it has yet to be determined if there are any sustained effects following the completion of an exercise program by patients ...
de Bruijn Gert-Jan GJ Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To study the effects of framed messages on exercise intention and resolve. Two (type of frame: gain or loss) × 2 (type of kernel state: desirable or undesirable outcome) post-test study. Participants were recruited online and questioned about their previous exercise behaviour and their exercise risk perception. After this, they were randomly ...
Koistinen Arto P AP Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; SIB Labs, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical exercise during growth affects composition, structure and mechanical properties of bone. In this study we investigated whether the beneficial effects of exercise during the early growth phase have long-lasting effects or not. Female Syrian golden hamsters (total n = 152) were used in this study. Half of the hamsters ...
Müller C C Institute of Experimental Musculoskeletal Medicine, Movement Analysis Lab, University Hospital of Muenster, - - 2014
The aim was to evaluate the effects of additional exercises during inpatient stays on bone mass in pediatric bone tumor patients. 21 patients were non-randomly allocated either to the exercise group (n=10) or the control group (n=11). DXA of the lumbar spine, the non-affected femur and both calcanei was performed ...
Grant Marie-Elaine ME International Olympic Committee, , Lausanne, - - 2014
There is a lack of information on the utilisation of physiotherapy services at the Olympic Games. To better understand the athlete and non-athlete requirements of the physiotherapy services at the Olympic Village Polyclinic during the London 2012 Olympic Games. From 16 July to 14 August 2012, physiotherapy encounters for athletes ...
Ruiz-Montero Pedro Jesús PJ Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in anthropometric measurements using an aerobic and Pilates exercise program which lasted 24 weeks. This was a clinical intervention study of 303 women over the age of 60 living in Novi Sad, Serbia. Changes in body mass index and skinfold ...
Sundstrup Emil E National Research Centre for the Working Environment, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark ; Institute for Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense, - - 2014
Slaughterhouse work involves a high degree of repetitive and forceful upper limb movements and thus implies an elevated risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. High intensity strength training effectively rehabilitates musculoskeletal disorders among sedentary employees, but less is known about the effect among workers with repetitive and forceful work demands. Before ...
Song Jin-Qi JQ Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, - - 2014
Current medical practice for the treatment of articular cartilage lesions remains a clinical challenge due to the limited self-repair ability of articular cartilage. Both experimental and clinical researches show that moderate exercise can improve articular cartilage repair process. However, optimal timing of moderate exercise is unclear. We aimed to evaluate ...
Colaianni Graziana G 0000-0001-8501-5399 Department of Basic Medical Science, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari, 70124 Bari, - - 2014
It has been recently demonstrated that exercise activity increases the expression of the myokine Irisin in skeletal muscle, which is able to drive the transition of white to brown adipocytes, likely following a phenomenon of transdifferentiation. This new evidence supports the idea that muscle can be considered an endocrine organ, ...
Raeissadat Seyed Ahmad SA Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Clinical Research Development Center of Shahid Modares Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Objectives. To determine the effect of weighted kypho-orthosis (WKO) on improving balance in women with osteoporosis. In this nonrandomized controlled clinical trial, 31 patients with osteoporosis were included. The patients were assigned to two groups: (1) control group who received 4-week home-based daily exercise program including weight bearing, back strengthening, ...
Hattori Satoshi S Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of - - 2014
The pathogenesis of bone disorders in young male athletes has not been well understood. We hypothesized that bone fragility is caused by low energy availability, due to insufficient food intake and excessive exercise energy expenditure in young male athletes. To examine this hypothesis, we investigated the influence of food restriction ...
Vannajak Kunavut K The Research and Training Center for Enhancing Quality of Life of Working Age People, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen, - - 2014
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, multisystem connective tissue disorder characterized by autoimmune activation, microvascular endothelium damage, and excessive collagen proliferation. The most affected hand presents claw hand deformity and microvascular disease. Deformed hands can cause functional disability and decrease the quality of life. A daily home program can improve ...
Wallace Ian J IJ Department of Anthropology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, United States of - - 2014
Functional interpretations of limb bone structure frequently assume that diaphyses adjust their shape by adding bone primarily across the plane in which they are habitually loaded in order to minimize loading-induced strains. Here, to test this hypothesis, we characterize the in vivo strain environment of the sheep tibial midshaft during ...
Song Qing-Hua QH The Center of Physical Health, Henan Polytechnic University Jiaozuo 454000, Henan, - - 2014
To study the effect of Tai-chi exercise on lower limb muscle strength, bone mineral density and balance function of elderly female, 105 urban elderly women, who do insufficient exercise in daily life, are selected as the subject and randomly divided into an observation group (Tai Chi Group), a control group ...
Zaki Moushira Erfan ME Medical Research Division, Biological Anthropology Department, National Research Centre, El-Buhouth Street, Dokki, Giza, - - 2014
Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of two exercise programs, whole body vibration and resistance training on bone mineral density (BMD) and anthropometry in obese postmenopausal women. Material and Methods. Eighty Egyptian obese postmenopausal women were enrolled in this study; their age ranged from 50 ...
Cialdella-Kam Lynn L School of Medicine, Department of Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University, WG 48, 2109 Aldebert Rd., Cleveland, OH 44106-4954, USA. - - 2014
Exercise-related menstrual dysfunction (ExMD) is associated with low energy availability (EA), decreased bone mineral density (BMD), and increased risk of musculoskeletal injury. We investigated whether a 6-month carbohydrate-protein (CHO-PRO) supplement (360 kcal/day, 54 g CHO/day, 20 g PRO/day) intervention would improve energy status and musculoskeletal health and restore menses in ...
De Aro Andrea Aparecida AA Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biology, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, - - 2013
Tendons adapt to different mechanical stimuli through a remodeling process involving metalloproteinases (MMPs) and collagen synthesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 and the collagen content in tendons after exhaustive acute exercise sessions over the course of 1, 3, or 6 days, ...
Pedersen Susanne Juhl - - 2013
Studies have shown that fat lesions follow resolution of inflammation in the spine of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA). Fat lesions at vertebral corners have also been shown to predict development of new syndesmophytes. Therefore, scoring of fat lesions in the spine may constitute both an important measure of treatment ...
Paolucci Teresa T Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Policlinico Umberto I Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2013
The clinical effects of osteoporosis include pain, fractures, and physical disability, causing a loss of independence and necessitating long-term care. Whereas the effects of exercise therapy in decreasing body mass index and preventing fractures are well established, there is no consensus on back pain and quality of life in women ...
Tarnanen Sami S 1 Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. 2 Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. 3 Department of Biology of Physical activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. 4 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland 5 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Finland Health Care District, Jyväskylä, Finland 6 Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA 7 Edith Cowan University Health and Wellness Institute, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western - - 2013
Lumbar spine fusion (LSF) has been reported to change the biomechanics of the spine and therefore the rehabilitation after LSF is important. In the present study the effect of selected neutral spine control (NSC) exercises on activation of trunk muscles after LSF were evaluated. Muscle activity was measured by surface ...
Schlagowski Anna Isabel AI 1Institut of - - 2013
The effects of mitochondrial uncoupling on skeletal muscle mitochondrial adaptation and maximal exercise capacity are unknown. In this study, rats were divided into a control group (CTL, n=8) and a group treated with 2-4-dinitrophenol, a mitochondrial uncoupler, for 28 days (DNP, 30 mg/kg/day in drinking water, n=8). The DNP group ...
Dobek Jessica - - 2013
We have previously reported that 1 year of supervised resistance + impact training stopped bone loss and built muscle strength in older breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether these benefits persisted 1 year after completion of the intervention. Sixty-seven women from the original trial completed baseline and post-intervention ...
Giemza Czesław - - 2013
Abstract Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) is a procedure which is more and more often successfully applied in medicine. Used in physiotherapy programs improves the efficiency of physiotherapeutic exercises applied in different aliments. The aim of the research was to determine the influence of WBC treatment on the improvement of spine activity ...
Tung James Y JY Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada; David Cheriton School of Computer Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
While home-based balance exercises are recommended to reduce the risk of falling and fractures in older adults, adherence to exercise remains suboptimal. The long-term objective of this research is to advance body-worn sensor techniques to measure at-home exercise performance and promote adherence. In this study, a method of distinguishing 5 ...
Dideriksen Kasper - - 2013
Evidence suggests that habitual loading can result in patellar tendon hypertrophy, especially at the proximal and distal parts of the patellar tendon. The underlying protein kinetic changes and its regulation remains controversial and human data, investigating this topic, are limited. The present study investigated how acute exercise affects growth factor ...
Kim Gye-Yeop GY Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Dongshin University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of lumbar stability exercises on chronic low back pain by using sling exercise and push-ups. [Subjects] Thirty adult subjects with chronic back pain participated, with 10 adults being assigned to each of 3 exercise groups: general physical therapy (PT), ...
Lang Thomas F - - 2013
Understanding the skeletal effects of resistance exercise involves delineating the spatially heterogeneous response of bone to load distributions from different muscle contractions. Bone mineral density (BMD) analyses may obscure these patterns by averaging data from tissues with variable mechano-response. To assess the proximal femoral response to resistance exercise, we acquired ...
Giangregorio L M - - 2013
A consensus process was conducted to develop exercise recommendations for individuals with osteoporosis or vertebral fractures. A multicomponent exercise program that includes balance and resistance training is recommended. The aim was to develop consensus on exercise recommendations for older adults: (1) with osteoporosis and (2) with osteoporotic vertebral fracture(s). The ...
Wright Kathryn J - - 2013
While it has long been postulated that exercise training attenuates the age-related decline in heart function normally associated with increased fibrosis and collagen cross-linking, the potential benefits associated with exercise training initiated later in life are currently unclear. To address this question, Fisher 344× Brown Norway F1 rats underwent treadmill-based ...
Hacker Eileen Danaher - - 2013
Implementing exercise programs in people receiving high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow (BMT) or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) presents unique challenges. This review examines subject attrition rates and reasons for attrition as well as adherence to exercise interventions following BMT/SCT. Studies published between January 1985 and December 2012 that ...
Cuesta-Barriuso R - - 2013
Although different techniques of physiotherapy have been described for the treatment of haemophilic arthropathy (HA) of ankle, hardly any studies have been applied manual therapy or educational physiotherapy and home exercises. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of manual therapy and educational physiotherapy in the treatment ...
Sikiö Minna - - 2013
Adaptation to exercise training can affect bone marrow adiposity; muscle-fat distribution; and muscle volume, strength and architecture. The objective of this study was to identify exercise-load-associated differences in magnetic resonance image textures of thigh soft tissues between various athlete groups and non-athletes. Ninety female athletes representing five differently loading sport ...
Campos Raquel Ms - - 2013
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic with a high prevalence of co-morbidities, including alterations in bone mineral metabolism. The purpose of this year-long study was to evaluate the role of two types of exercise training (aerobic and aerobic plus resistance exercise) on adipokines parameters and bone metabolism in obese adolescents. This ...
Cadore Eduardo L - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of a multicomponent exercise intervention on muscle strength, incidence of falls and functional outcomes in frail elderly patients with dementia after long-term physical restraint, followed by 24 weeks of training cessation. Eighteen frail elderly patients with mild dementia (88.1 ± 5.1 years) performed a multicomponent exercise program, which consisted ...
Babatunde Opeyemi - - 2013
Osteoporosis, a slowly evolving public health epidemic, often with an insidious presentation is largely preventable but the optimal dimensions of exercise that may be prescribed for enhancing bone-health among premenopausal adults are yet to be elucidated. Hence, the escalating incidence and burden of prevalence of osteoporosis is yet unabated. Considering ...
Vincent Heather K - - 2013
To compare the effects of four months of isolated lumbar resistance exercise and total body resistance exercise on walking performance in obese, older adults with chronic low back pain (LBP). A secondary analysis examined whether responsiveness to training modulated walking improvement. Randomized, controlled trial (RCT) SETTING: Research laboratory affiliated with ...
Barene S - - 2013
This randomized controlled study investigated the effectiveness of soccer and Zumba on fitness and health indicators in female participants recruited from a workplace. One hundred seven hospital employees were cluster-randomized to either a soccer group (SG), Zumba group (ZG), or control group (CG). Intervention effects for the two training groups ...
Sliwiński Zbigniew Z Faculty of Health Sciences Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, - - 2013
Background. The present paper aims to demonstrate that physiotherapy in orthopaedic and trauma depart-ments is part and parcel of a comprehensive treatment plan. Material and methods. Hospital records of 66 patients treated in three orthopaedic trauma departments in 2011 were analysed. Basing on the requirements of the National Health Fund ...
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