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Assenza A - - 2004
During long-distance exercise, branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolism could lead to an increase in the blood tryptophan/BCAA ratio and an early onset of 'central fatigue'. Based on these considerations, we studied the modifications of blood serum BCAA and tryptophan (Try) levels in 30 endurance horses competing in rides varying in ...
van Nieuwenhoven Michiel A - - 2004
Serotonin (5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter involved in the brain-gut axis. It is possible to lower the 5-HT level in the body by means of a nutritional intervention using an amino acid mixture; the acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) method. We studied the effect of ATD on gastric emptying in healthy ...
van den Boom R - - 2004
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) may be useful as biomarkers of joint disease or inflammation. However, activity of both MMPs and TNF-alpha in synovial fluid (SF) may be influenced by nonpathological factors such as arthrocentesis or exercise. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence ...
Valdez Sandra C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of an external nasal dilator strip on cytologic characteristics of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in racing Thoroughbreds. DESIGN: Clinical trial. ANIMALS: 23 Thoroughbred racehorses in active training. PROCEDURE: Each horse raced on 2 occasions: once while wearing an external nasal dilator strip and once while ...
Padilla Danielle J - - 2004
Despite enormous rates of minute ventilation (Ve) in the galloping Thoroughbred (TB) horse, the energetic demands of exercise conspire to raise arterial Pco(2) (i.e., induce hypercapnia). If locomotory-respiratory coupling (LRC) is an obligatory facilitator of high Ve in the horse such as those found during galloping (Bramble and Carrier. Science ...
De Moffarts, Brieuc
Belgian Society of Fundamental and clinical physiology and pharmacology
Brama P A J - - 2004
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are considered candidate biomarkers for both physiological and pathological tissue remodelling because of their key role in articular cartilage homeostasis. As disruption of the collagenous architecture is thought to be pivotal in chronic degenerative diseases such as osteoarthritis (OA), the collagenases form an ...
Manohar Murli - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of preexercise NaHCO(3) administration to induce metabolic alkalosis on the arterial oxygenation in racehorses performing maximal exercise. Two sets of experiments, intravenous physiological saline and NaHCO(3) (250 mg/kg i.v.), were carried out on 13 healthy, sound Thoroughbred horses in ...
Weideman H - - 2003
This study investigated if environmental factors had an effect on the incidence of epistaxis related to exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) among racehorses in southern Africa. Data covering the period 1986-2001 and involving 778 532 race runs were analysed. This included the following information: date of race, age, sex, name of ...
Pusterla N - - 2003
The history, clinical signs and pathological findings in seven adult horses with histologically confirmed idiopathic granulomatous disease, primarily of the lungs, are reviewed. They ranged in age from eight to 21 years, five were geldings and two were females, they belonged to five breeds and there were no seasonal or ...
Kraus Beth M - - 2003
To evaluate efficacy and safety of laryngoplasty with vetriculectomy (VE) or ventriculocordectomy (VCE) for treatment of laryngeal hemiplegia (LH) in draft horses. Retrospective study. One hundred four draft horses used for competitive hitch competitions. Medical records and postoperative endoscopy for competitive hitch draft horses diagnosed with left LH and treated ...
Edwards J G T - - 2003
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Dantrolene sodium (Dantrium) has been used extensively for the treatment of myopathies in man and anecdotal evidence suggests it is of clinical benefit in the control of exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis (ER) in racehorses, although data to support this are currently lacking. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of ...
Willis S - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of intrinsic pouch motility after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) during defecation is still speculative. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IPAA was performed in 12 dogs. Defecation mechanisms were evaluated by motility recordings during spontaneous defecation and during expulsion of an endoluminal balloon and by radiography with sequential ...
Firshman Anna M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To characterize onset and clinical signs of polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM) in a well-defined population of affected Quarter Horses, identify risk factors for PSSM, determine compliance of owners to dietary and exercise recommendations, and evaluate the efficacy of dietary and exercise recommendations. ANIMALS: 40 Quarter Horses with PSSM and ...
Brown J A - - 2003
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Show and performance horse with laryngeal hemiplegia (LH) often present for excessive respiratory noise rather than significant exercise intolerance. Therefore, the goal of surgery in these horses is to reduce respiratory noise but there are no quantitative studies evaluating the effect of any upper-airway surgery in ...
Carstanjen B - - 2003
The purpose of this longitudinal in-field study was to evaluate the influence of exercise, age, and gender on superficial cortical bone of the third metacarpal bone (MC III) in young Thoroughbreds by measuring speed of sound (SOS) values with an axial transmission technique (Omnisense, Sunlight Ltd, Israel). Both MC III ...
Lafortuna Claudio L - - 2003
Horses display remarkable aerobic capabilities, attaining during muscular exercise a maximal rate of oxygen consumption about 30-fold higher than the resting value, and 2.5-fold higher than that of other mammals of similar body mass. Under these circumstances an enormous mechanical burden is expected to impinge on the equine respiratory pump ...
López-Sanromán J - - 2003
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of the alkalinization on the local analgesic efficacy of 1% ketamine in the abaxial sesamoid nerve block in horses. Thirty-six mature healthy horses were randomly assigned to four groups for the following treatments; an abaxial sesamoid block with 5 mL ...
Pallotta N - - 2003
Ultrasonography is an accurate and useful method for studying gallbladder volume variations and thus indirectly gallbladder emptying and refilling in humans. It has been shown that gallbladder main motor function is the result of a bellows-like mechanism with outflow and inflow of bile occurring during continuously alternating phases of gallbladder ...
Price Jill - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To develop a method for objective assessment of equine post-operative pain. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective nonblinded clinical study. ANIMALS: Twelve adult horses: Group 1 (G1, n = 6), admitted for arthroscopy (under general anaesthesia, with multimodal analgesia); Group 2 (G2, n = 6), 'pain free' controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Horses ...
Butudom Prawit - - 2003
Body mass (BM), water intake (WI), and plasma osmolality (P(osm)) and electrolyte concentrations were measured in six 2-year-old Arabian horses provided either 4 l, 8 l, or an unlimited amount of water (UW) for drinking during the initial 5 min of recovery from 45-km of treadmill exercise. After weighing, horses ...
Murrell Joanna C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in the amplitude spectrum of the electroencephalogram (EEG) during a standardized surgical model of nociception in horses. ANIMALS: Thirteen entire male horses and ponies referred to Division of Clinical Veterinary Science, Bristol (n = 9) and Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (n = 4) for castration. ...
Hada T - - 2003
This study investigated the effects of novelty stress on neuroendocrine activities and running performance in Thoroughbred horses. First, to examine the neuroendocrine responses to novelty stress, we exposed horses to two types of novel environmental stimuli (audiovisual or novel field stimuli). After the stimuli, plasma concentrations of vasopressin, catecholamines and ...
Nakagawa Souichi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of magnifying endoscopy for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori-induced histopathologic gastritis. METHODS: A total of 92 patients scheduled to undergo routine endoscopic examination were enrolled. After routine endoscopic examination, 3 sites in the stomach were studied by magnified observation. ...
Franklin S H - - 2003
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: It has long been recognised that the production of abnormal respiratory sounds by horses during exercise is frequently associated with upper airway obstructions. Respiratory acoustic measurements have shown promise in investigation of upper airway disorders in man and, more recently, in horses with experimentally-induced obstructions. OBJECTIVES: ...
Wickler Steven J - - 2003
Two studies have focused on potential triggers for the trot-gallop transition in the horse. One study concluded that the transition was triggered by metabolic economy. The second study found that it was not metabolic factors but, rather, peak musculoskeletal forces that determine gait transition speeds. In theory, peak musculoskeletal forces ...
Golland L C - - 2003
Red blood cell hypervolaemia has been used for diagnosis of overtraining in racehorses, and has been suggested as a mechanism of this cause of loss of racing performance. The effects of overload training (OLT) on the plasma, blood and red cell volumes were investigated in a prospective study in 12 ...
Caldarella Maria Pía - - 2003
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Symptoms in functional dyspepsia have been related to impaired accommodation and hypersensitivity of the proximal stomach. We hypothesized that identification of putative antral dysfunctions provides a more comprehensive pathophysiological interpretation. METHODS: In 30 patients with functional dyspepsia and 22 healthy subjects, 2 consecutive studies were performed. In ...
Ducharme N G - - 2003
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Contributes to the understanding of the pathogenesis of dorsal displacement of the soft palate during exercise so that management of this condition could be enhanced. HYPOTHESIS: That the thyrohyoid muscles play an important role in the stability of the laryngo-palatal relationship and that dysfunction of these ...
Davidson Elizabeth J - - 2003
Wastage of performance horses because of respiratory dysfunction is common. Appropriate identification of the disease is paramount for treatment recommendations. Diagnostic modalities for upper respiratory tract dysfunction include a thorough physical examination, radiographic evaluation when appropriate, and upper respiratory tract endoscopy. Anatomical deviations or structural are easily identified during resting ...
Manohar Murli - - 2003
It has been reported that pulmonary injury (i.e. capillary stress failure) evoked histamine release from airway inflammatory/mast cells contributes to exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH) and that pre-exercise inhalation of nedocromil sodium mitigated EIAH in human subjects 'Med. Sci. Sports Exercise 29, (1997) 10-16'. Because exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage due to capillary ...
Davis M S - - 2003
Exercise-induced gastritis and gastric ulcers are common in humans and horses, and recently have been described in racing sled dogs. The cause of exercise-induced gastric disease is not completely understood in any species, but pharmacologic suppression of acid secretion is an effective treatment in humans and horses. Thus, we tested ...
Robson P J - - 2003
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: An increased susceptibility to bacterial and viral infections of the respiratory tract, which results in a loss of performance, has been reported in racehorses. Much research has focused on the influence of high-intensity exercise of a short duration on immune system function in horses, but scant ...
Wagner Ilka P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether systemic immunologic hyperreactivity exists in horses with chronic laminitis, compared with responses for nonlaminitic horses. ANIMALS: 7 nonlaminitic horses and 7 CL horses. PROCEDURE: In experiment 1, intradermal testing (IDT) was performed on 7 nonlaminitic and 7 CL horses to evaluate the response to a combination ...
Herholz Conny P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether volumetric capnography indices could be used to differentiate between horses without recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) and horses with RAO that were in clinical remission or that had clinically apparent RAO. ANIMALS: 70 adult Swiss Warmblood horses (20 used for pleasure riding and 50 used for dressage ...
Schwarz Leslie A - - 2003
Upper gastrointestinal examinations were performed in 11 unsedated ferrets and 4 ferrets sedated with ketamine and diazepam. Each animal received a 8-13 mL/kg body weight dosage of barium liquid (30% weight:volume). Radiographs were made immediately and at 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90, 120 and 150 min (mins) after the ...
Mazan Melissa R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of sedation on stability of resistance of the respiratory system (RRS) and measures of resting energy expenditure (REE) by use of open-flow indirect calorimetry (IC) and treatment with aerosolized albuterol on REE in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO). ANIMALS: 9 clinically normal horses and 8 ...
Manohar Murli - - 2003
It is reported that preexercise hyperhydration caused arterial O(2) tension of horses performing submaximal exercise to decrease further by 15 Torr (Sosa-Leon L, Hodgson DR, Evans DL, Ray SP, Carlson GP, and Rose RJ. Equine Vet J Suppl 34: 425-429, 2002). Because hydration status is important to optimal athletic performance ...
Mills D S - - 2003
Thirty-six owners of seasonally headshaking horses took part in a trial to compare the effectiveness of three types of nose net, a traditional cylindrical net (full net) and two forms of larger mesh nets which cover only the nostrils and dorsorostral muzzle (half nets). Baseline data relating to the overall ...
Ainsworth Dorothy M - - 2003
The effect of strenuous exercise on the mRNA concentrations of interleukin-12p35 subunit (IL-12p35), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) in equine pulmonary and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was investigated. We hypothesized that strenuous exercise would suppress the expression of IL-12p35, IFN-gamma and augment the expression of IL-4. Eleven horses were ...
Frye M A - - 2003
This study was done to determine whether administration of dobutamine would produce echocardiographic and electrocardiographic alterations comparable to those induced by treadmill exercise in healthy horses. Fourteen horses received maximal treadmill exercise and, separately, intravenous dobutamine infusion up to a maximum rate of 50 microg/kg/min. Ten of the 14 horses ...
Shanahan Stephanie - - 2003
Resistance in the horse to trailer loading is a common source of stress and injury to horses and their handlers. The objective of this study was to determine whether nonaversive training based on the Tellington-Touch Equine Awareness Method (TTEAM; Tellington-Jones &Bruns, 1988) would decrease loading time and reduce stress during ...
Byron C R - - 2003
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Dystocia in the mare is an emergency in which duration has a profound effect on survival of the foal. Specific examination of the effects of dystocia duration on foal survival provides information to enable horse care personnel and veterinarians to manage these cases more effectively and ...
Cable Christina S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether upper airway sounds of horses exercising with laryngeal hemiplegia and alar fold paralysis have distinct sound characteristics, compared with unaffected horses. ANIMALS: 6 mature horses. PROCEDURE: Upper airway sounds were recorded in horses exercising on a high-speed treadmill at maximum heart rate (HR(MAX)) under 3 treatment ...
Matthee S - - 2002
Fifty-one per cent of 110 questionnaires, designed for obtaining information on helminth control practices and management on Thoroughbred stud farms in South Africa, were completed by farmers during 2000. The number of horses per farm included in the questionnaire survey ranged from 15 to 410. Foals, yearlings and adult horses ...
Chang Chi-Sen - - 2002
Acupuncture has been shown to improve the regularity of gastric myoelectric activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether atropine-induced gastric dysrhythmia can be normalized by electroacupuncture. Fifteen healthy male volunteers were enrolled for this study. Each subject was studied for three sessions in a randomized sequence which ...
Vervuert I - - 2002
Physical exercise is known to affect calcium homeostasis in horses, but there is little information on the hormonal regulation of calcium metabolism during exercise. In order to evaluate the effects of exercise and training on calcium homeostasis and intact plasma parathyroid hormone, 7 untrained Standardbred horses were studied in a ...
Lorenzo-Figueras Mireia - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess effects of exercise on a treadmill with changes in gastric volume and pH in the proximal portion of the stomach of horses. ANIMALS: 3 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURE: A polyester bag of approximately 1,600 mL was placed into the proximal portion of the stomach of each horse ...
Parente Eric J - - 2002
To evaluate the occurrence of dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP) during high-speed treadmill (HSTM) exercise in racehorses, and determine treatment efficacy relative to the endoscopic findings observed during resting and HSTM endoscopic examination. Retrospective study. Animals-Ninety-two racehorses (74 Thoroughbreds, 18 Standardbreds). The signalment, history (clinical and race), treatments, ...
Agrò Felice - - 2002
PURPOSE: To verify if correct ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) placement may condition blind insertion of a gastric tube via the PLMA. METHODS: The PLMA was studied in 150 anesthetized patients using a size #4 in (females) and #5 in (males). Its position was determined by inserting a fibrescope in ...
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