Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1088
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Nguyen N Q - - 2007
A functional integration exists between proximal and distal gastric motor activity in dogs but has not been demonstrated in humans. To determine the relationship between proximal and distal gastric motor activity in humans. Concurrent proximal (barostat) and distal (antro-pyloro-duodenal (APD) manometry) gastric motility were recorded in 10 healthy volunteers (28 ...
Brown M P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dimethylmethylene blue (DMMB) analysis, when combined with agarose gel filtration chromatography (Superose 6), can be performed instead of fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) to determine chondroitin sulfate (CS) chain length in synovial fluid (SF). METHODS: SF was obtained from (1) normal horses after 8 weeks of rest, ...
Podczeck F - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare the gastrointestinal transit of multiple unit, small diameter (3.2 mm), non-disintegrating tablets of differing densities with results previously reported in the same volunteers in the fasted state for larger diameter (6.6 and 12.2 mm) tablets. The gastrointestinal transit was observed with gamma-scintigraphy ...
Donovan Douglas C - - 2007
Using an established standardized exercise test on a high-speed treadmill, thirteen Thoroughbred racehorses were exercised to fatigue (failure); blood samples were obtained before exercise, at failure, and at 2, 6, 24, 48, and 72 h after exercise. The exercise test induced a systemic inflammatory response characterized by a mild transient ...
Brown M P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate the effects of exercise and osteochondral (OC) injury on synovial fluid (SF) chondroitin sulfate (CS) and hyaluronan (HA) concentration and chain length, (2) to compare SF and cartilage CS data from joints with OC fragmentation, and (3) to compare SF CS and HA profiles with those ...
Xu Junying - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sibutramine on gastric emptying, small-bowel contractions, rectal tone and compliance, and gastrointestinal myoelectrical activity. The study was performed in 14 dogs. It was composed of three separate experiments: gastric emptying of liquids and gastrointestinal slow waves; small-bowel contractions; and ...
Haussler Kevin K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To measure passive spinal movements induced during dorsoventral mobilization and evaluate effects of induced pain and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) on passive vertebral mobility in standing horses. ANIMALS: 10 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURES: Baseline vertical displacements, applied force, stiffness, and frequency of the oscillations were measured during dorsoventral spinal ...
Kawasaki Naruo - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the herbal medicine dai-kenchu-to on gastrointestinal motility based on differences in the administration site and timing. We sutured strain-gauge transducers to the stomach (three), duodenum (one), jejunum (one), ileum (one), and colon (two) and inserted indwelling tubes into the ...
Barakzai S Z - - 2007
To report ventroaxial luxation of the apex of the left or right corniculate process of the arytenoid cartilage under the contralateral corniculate process during resting endoscopic examination, and morphologic features of the larynx of 1 affected horse. Retrospective study. Horses (n=8). Horses had endoscopic examination as part of a survey ...
Kusch Sigrid - - 2008
Experiments on methanogenesis from horse dung were conducted in laboratory-scale batch reactors in order to determine the substrate performance in a solid-phase digestion process, more specifically in terms of potential energy recovery and suitable process technology. Dung from a horse stable with straw bedding was used. The temperature was kept ...
Murray R C - - 2007
Adaptation of osteochondral tissues is based on the strains experienced during exercise at each location within the joint. Different exercise intensities and types may induce particular site-specific strains, influencing osteochondral adaptation and potentially predisposing to injury. Our hypotheses were that patterns of equine distal tarsal subchondral bone (SCB) thickness relate ...
Cotovio Mário M Departamento de Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, - - 2007
In humans and experimental animals, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) causes fibrin deposition in several organs, which eventually leads to ischemia and multiorgan failure. Horses who died or were euthanized for severe gastrointestinal disorders could have fibrin deposits in different tissues. Tissue-organ samples collected during postmortem examinations on 66 colic horses ...
Delesalle Cathérine - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intestinal hypoperfusion can lead to increased lactate concentrations in plasma and peritoneal fluid of horses with colic. HYPOTHESIS: The purposes of this study were to (1) evaluate the reliability of the Accusport analyzer to assess peritoneal fluid lactate (PFL) concentrations in healthy horses and those with colic, (2) identify ...
Davidson Elizabeth J - - 2007
CASE DESCRIPTION: 3 racehorses were evaluated because of poor performance or abnormal noise originating from the upper portion of the respiratory tract. CLINICAL FINDINGS: During maximal exercise, initial dynamic videoendoscopy of the upper respiratory tract revealed complete arytenoid cartilage abduction in 2 horses and incomplete but adequate abduction of the ...
Helal Ibrahim E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) concentrations in response to exercise in horses. ANIMALS: 15 horses in experiment 1 and 27 horses in experiment 2. PROCEDURES: In experiment 1, 15 Thoroughbreds free of orthopedic disease underwent a standardized exercise protocol. Running velocity and heart rate ...
Bell R J W - - 2007
AIM: To establish the prevalence and factors influencing the prevalence and severity of gastric ulceration in racehorses in New Zealand. METHODS: Horses (n=171) in active training for racing by trainers (n=24) located throughout New Zealand were examined using gastroscopy during 2003 and 2004. Images of the examination were recorded and ...
Alaei Hojjatallah H Department of Physiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , - - 2007
Previous studies have shown that physical activity improves learning and memory. Present study was performed to determine the effects of acute, chronic and continuous exercise with different periods on spatial learning and memory recorded as the latency and length of swim path in the Morris water maze testing in subsequent ...
Nagell Carl Frederic - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1 (7-36)amide) is an intestinal hormone that is released in response to meal ingestion. GLP-1 reduces postprandial gastric and exocrine pancreatic secretion and is believed to inhibit gastric emptying. Furthermore, GLP-1 may play a role in hunger and thirst regulation. In vivo, GLP-1 is rapidly (within minutes) ...
Catalani G - - 2007
During acute exercise several significant cardiovascular alterations take place, along with possible physiopathological consequences, such as Exercise Inducted Pulmonary Haemorrhage (EIPH). Given the relevance of blood rheology in the determination of flow resistance and its supposed participation in the stated events, the present paper focuses on the analysis of modifications ...
van de Pol C - - 2007
Measuring the height at the withers of a pony is one of the requirements of the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI), before competitors can participate in an official pony event. A pony has to be measured each year until it is eight years old. With and without shoes the height at ...
Simon Erika L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of time required for surface temperatures of thoracic and pelvic limbs in horses to return to pre-exercise temperatures after high-speed treadmill exercise, as detected via infrared thermographic imaging. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 6 Thoroughbreds. PROCEDURES: All horses had been trained on and conditioned to use ...
Berndt Annerose - - 2007
Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is characterized by neutrophilic airway inflammation and obstruction, and stabling of susceptible horses triggers acute disease exacerbations. Stable dust is rich in endotoxin, which is recognized by Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4. In human bronchial epithelium, TLR4 stimulation leads to elevation of interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA expression. The ...
Deaton Christopher M - - 2007
Equine recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) has been used as a naturally occurring model of human asthma. However, it is unknown whether there is an early-phase response in RAO. The aim of this study was to determine whether exposure to organic dust induces immediate changes in lung function in RAO-affected horses, ...
Gentilcore D - - 2006
Scintigraphy represents the 'gold standard' for the measurement of gastric emptying. Recent studies suggest that three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography may allow a precise measure of gastric emptying, given the capacity for accurate volume calculations of the stomach. The aim of this study was to compare measurements of gastric emptying of both ...
Fazio F - - 2006
The aim of this study was to determine the daily rhythms in the blood serum of homocysteine in horses. Ten thoroughbred horses, five athletic (trained for 1 h, 6 days a week) and five sedentary, were used. Blood samples were collected on each subject every 4 h for two days ...
Florence L - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Despite growing interest in application natural models of hoof-maintenance in domestic horses, little data is available to describe natural conformation and proposed mechanisms of self-maintenance. OBJECTIVES: Quantitatively describe hoof growth and wear during a period of 'self-trimming' within a herd of semi-feral ponies. METHODS: Hoof length, ...
Robinson P - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Recent studies have evaluated surgical techniques aimed at reducing noise and improving airway function in horses with recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN). These techniques require general anaesthesia and are invasive. A minimally invasive transnasal surgical technique for treatment of RLN that may be employed in the standing, ...
Ryan C T - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: A device is needed to safely and wirelessly evaluate accelerations experienced by the horse hoof under a variety of surface conditions with the horse exercising at training or racing speeds. OBJECTIVES: To develop a miniaturised wireless data acquisition system (WDAS) which reliably records hoof accelerations and ...
Naylor Jonathan M - - 2006
The effect of changes in feed intake on auscultatable gastrointestinal sounds has not been systematically studied. Disagreement also is present in the literature about variation in sounds according to the quadrant of auscultation. Gastrointestinal sounds were recorded over the center of the left dorsal, left ventral, right ventral, and right ...
Léguillette Renaud - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) alters respiratory mechanics of horses with recurrent airway obstruction (ie, heaves) over a 48-hour period. ANIMALS: 6 horses affected with heaves. PROCEDURES: Horses were subjected to a complete BAL procedure, which included sedation with xylazine and butorphanol, intratracheal administration of lidocaine, and instillation ...
Schaer B L Dallap - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is a need to determine accelerations acting on the equine hoof under field conditions in order to better assess the risks for orthopaedic health associated with shoeing practices and/or surface conditions. OBJECTIVES: To measure the acceleration profiles generated in Thoroughbred racehorses exercising at high speeds ...
Turner K K - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of supplementation of Dynamic Trio 50/50, a bee pollen-based product, to improve physical fitness, blood leukocyte profiles, and nutritional variables in exercised horses. Ten Arabian horses underwent a standardised exercise test (SET), then were pair-matched by sex and fitness and ...
Steingoetter Andreas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Gastric contents empty from the stomach despite frequent changes in body position. The mechanism that maintains gastric emptying independent of position is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of body position on gastric emptying and motor function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve volunteers were ...
Bröjer Johan T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine concentrations of proglycogen (PG), macroglycogen (MG), glucose, and glucose-6-phosphate (G-6-P) in skeletal muscle of horses with polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM) before and after performing light submaximal exercise. ANIMALS: 6 horses with PSSM and 4 control horses. PROCEDURES: Horses with PSSM completed repeated intervals of 2 minutes of ...
Lane J G - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY AND OBJECTIVE: To review the prevalence of single and complex forms of dynamic airway obstructions within a large group of Thoroughbred horses in training referred for investigation of poor performance. METHODS: Video-endoscopic recordings of the upper respiratory tract made during a standardised treadmill exercise test of ...
Lane J G - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: The reliability of diagnoses of obstructive conditions of the upper respiratory tract (URT) based on examinations performed at rest vs. at exercise is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare diagnosis of URT by endoscopy at rest with that achieved during high-speed treadmill exercise (HSTE). HYPOTHESIS: Endoscopy of URT ...
Wada Yoshiyuki - - 2006
We have recently demonstrated in a Phase I/II study that combination chemotherapy with docetaxel (TXT) and S-1 is active against metastatic gastric carcinomas. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the synergistic effects of these drugs, both the growth inhibitory effects and the expression profiles of enzymes involved in fluorouracil (5-FU) metabolism ...
Ohmura H - - 2006
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is no good method for measuring net anaerobic power in exercising horses to allow accurate estimates of total metabolic power. HYPOTHESIS: The increase in VO2max when breathing hyperoxic (HO) gas should be accompanied by a stoichiometrically equal (in terms of ATP turnover, i.e. energy equivalents) ...
Sandersen C - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Stress echocardiography could be a useful diagnostic test in horses suspected to suffer from exercise-induced myocardial dysfunction as a cause of exercise intolerance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of treadmill exercise and pharmacological stress test on left ventricular echocardiographic parameters. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed in 2 ...
Hada T - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Heart rate (HR) recovery immediately after exercise is controlled by autonomic functions and the time constant (T) calculated from HR recovery is thought to be an index of parasympathetic activity in man. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether it is possible to evaluate autonomic function using the time ...
Castejón F - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is limited understanding of the uric acid response to endurance races. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate uric acid increments and its relationship to diverse biochemical and performance parameters, in horses subjected to a prolonged effort, with and without presentation of metabolic alterations. METHODS: Blood samples were taken ...
Art T - - 2006
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: In man, exercise of any type has been shown to induce neutrophil degranulation and respiratory burst activity, as well as an increase in plasma myeloperoxidase (MPO), a specific enzyme of neutrophil azurophilic granules with a strong oxidative activity. Until now, it is not known whether this ...
Graves E A - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Limited information exists about changes in circulating thyroid hormone concentrations during prolonged endurance exercise in horses. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of prolonged exercise on serum iodothyronine concentrations in horses performing endurance exercise of varying distances. METHODS: Serum concentrations of iodothyronines were measured in horses before ...
McKeever K H - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhuEPO) causes an increase in red blood cell production and aerobic capacity in other species; however, data are lacking on effects in the horse. HYPOTHESIS: This study tested the hypothesis that rhuEPO administration would alter red cell volume (RCV), aerobic capacity (VO2max) and ...
Tennent-Brown B S - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Hyperhydration, prior to prolonged moderate-intensity exercise simulating the 2nd day of a 3-day equestrian event (E3DEC), may induce arterial hypoxaemia detrimental to performance. OBJECTIVES: Because moderate-intensity exercise does not induce arterial hypoxaemia in healthy horses, the effects of pre-exercise hypervolaemia on arterial oxygenation were examined during ...
Holcombe Susan J - - 2006
To determine (1) if the cricothyroid muscle had respiratory-related electromyographic (EMG) activity that increased with respiratory effort and (2) if bilateral cricothyroid myotomy resulted in vocal fold instability and collapse in exercising horses. Experimental. Seven (3 EMG; 4 cricothyroid myotomy) Standardbred horses. Three horses exercised on a treadmill at speeds ...
Schott H C HC - - 2006
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Limited information exists about the physiological changes and clinical problems that occur in elite horses competing in high-speed 160 km endurance races. OBJECTIVES: To provide initial data describing changes in physiological and laboratory measurements in horses competing in a high-speed, 160 km endurance race under temperate ...
Mukai K - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Thoroughbred racehorses often experience interruptions to their training. Identifying the effects of these changes and how they alter athletic performance might provide an insight on to how to prevent these changes from occurring. HYPOTHESIS: Training and detraining young Thoroughbreds alters their aerobic capacities with correlated changes ...
McKeever J M - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: A large percentage of performance horses develop gastric ulcers and many of those horses are treated with omeprazole. Unfortunately, no data have been published on the effects of the drug on markers of performance in animals without ulcers. HYPOTHESIS: Omeprazole would alter markers of aerobic and ...
Holbrook T C TC Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, - - 2006
Information is lacking regarding the influence of long distance exercise on the systemic concentration of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in horses. To determine if the concentration of cTnI in horses competing in 80 and 160 km endurance races increases with exercise duration and if cTnI concentrations can be correlated with ...
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