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Results 701 - 750 of 1082
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McKane S A - - 1995
Twenty-four Thoroughbred and twelve Standardbred racehorses aged between 2 and 6 years, presented for reported poor racing performance, underwent clinical exercise testing. During the last 10 s of exercise at each speed throughout an incremental speed exercise test on a treadmill inclined at a 10% slope, samples of arterial blood ...
Art T - - 1995
Five healthy, fit Standardbreds (mean +/- SEM, 490.4 +/- 15.0 kg, 4.0 +/- 0.5 years) were studied during a standardized test carried out on a treadmill. The test consisted of an 8-minute warm-up and a 9-minute exercise period (1 minute at 1.7, 4, 7, 8, 9, and 10 m/s; 2 ...
Monés J - - 1995
The aim of this study was to assess the gastric emptying rate of two antacids using an scintigraphic technique and simultaneous monitoring of gastric pH in 16 healthy male volunteers. Ten ml of Talcid (hydrotalcite 1 g) and Maalox (Mg-Al-hydroxide), with a similar neutralization capacity, were labelled with technetium-99m using ...
Pouderoux P - - 1995
The role of the vagus nerve in the control of the intestinal migrating motor complex (MMC) is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of physiological vagal stimulation with sham feeding on phase III of the MMC. Antroduodenal motility was recorded in six healthy volunteers. The first phase III ...
Tunio A M - - 1995
The level of epidermal growth factor (EGF) was measured in the basal and maximally stimulated gastric juice of 20 control subjects and 20 patients each with duodenal ulcer and non-ulcer dyspepsia. Basal gastric juice was analysed for ammonia and urea concentrations, and the [ammonia]3/[urea] ratio was used to show Helicobacter ...
Kampl B - - 1995
The activities of leukocyte alkaline phosphatase (l-AP) and serum gamma-glutamil transferase (gamma-GT), and total leukocyte counts were determined in horses submitted to the production of hyper immune sera against tetanus (Clostridium tetani). The purpose of this work was to investigate the prospective changes of mentioned parameters in horses under the ...
Leroux A J - - 1995
Ventricular tachycardia was diagnosed in a 12-year-old unconditioned Appaloosa gelding after a 3-day trail ride. Initial signs were those of abdominal discomfort, ileus, and dehydration. Medical treatment included IV administration of lactated Ringer's solution. During hospitalization, the horse developed ventricular tachycardia. Serum potassium concentrations were within reference limits; however, assessment ...
Taylor L E - - 1995
Seven Arabian horses performed a standard incremental exercise test on a high-speed treadmill at 6% slope then were randomly assigned to two diets, a control diet of ground hay and concentrates and a similar diet with 10% added fat (by weight). Horses were sprint-trained 4 d/wk, and two additional exercise ...
Laws E G - - 1995
Fifteen horses under halothane anesthesia were assigned randomly to three groups of 5 horses each as follows. In group 1, the distal 50% of the small intestine was measured through a ventral midline celiotomy and replaced in the abdomen so that these horses could serve as sham-operated controls. In group ...
Clark C K - - 1995
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed at weekly intervals in 10 Thoroughbred horses in race training (group 1) and in 4 rested horses (group 2) for 10 weeks. Lavages were continued on a weekly basis in 4 group 1 horses for an additional 9 weeks (group 3). Cytological analysis of samples ...
Maxson A D - - 1995
Effects of furosemide, exercise, and atropine on tracheal mucus transport rate (TMTR) in horses were investigated. Atropine (0.02 mg/kg of body weight) administered IV or by aerosolization significantly (P < 0.05) decreased TMTR at 60, but not at 30 minutes after its administration in standing horses. Furosemide (1.10 mg/kg, IV) ...
Maisi P - - 1995
Seventeen trotters, eight healthy and nine with a mild respiratory disease, underwent a submaximal treadmill exercise. Heart rate, breathing frequency, intrapleural pressure difference (IP difference) as well as haematocrit and concentration of lactic acid in blood were monitored before exercise, during exercise and during recovery. The activities of beta-glucuronidase and ...
Romano G - - 1995
The tubular effects of furosemide were studied by micropuncture and clearance techniques on 20 rats. Collections of tubular fluid (TF) from early distal (ED) and late proximal (LP) segments of the same nephrons and of different nephrons were performed during baseline conditions. Re-collections were taken from the same sites and ...
Hawkins J F - - 1995
Between 1979 and 1992, the alar folds were resected bilaterally in 22 horses and unilaterally in 2 horses. Abnormal respiratory tract noise and exercise intolerance were the primary complaints prior to surgery. Significantly (P = 0.01) more Standardbreds underwent resection of the alar folds, compared with the number of Standardbreds ...
Scolapio J S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The role of serotonergic type-3 receptors in proximal human colon is unclear. Our aims were to assess the postprandial volume and emptying of the ascending colon and to explore the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5HT3) mechanisms. METHODS: In healthy subjects with unprepared colons we evaluated in a randomized trial the ...
Eaton M D - - 1995
Thoroughbred horses have a high aerobic capacity, approximately twice that of elite human athletes. Whereas the aerobic capacity of horses can be accurately measured, there have been no measurements of anaerobic capacity. The aim of this study was to determine whether maximal accumulated O2 deficit (MAOD) could be measured in ...
Edelbroek M - - 1995
The myoelectrical and motor response of the antropyloroduodenal region to intraduodenal nutrient stimulation or antral tachygastria represent useful models for, respectively, physiological and pathophysiological gastric stasis to test the efficacy of prokinetic drugs. We evaluated the effects of an intravenous bolus of cisapride (0.63 mg/kg) on the myoelectrical and motor ...
Scott S M - - 1995
Canine gastrointestinal motility is studied at present in animals confined to a small cage or sling. The aims of this study were to record colonic activity over a 24-h period in eight dogs by an ambulatory method. Motility signals from implanted strain gauges were processed and stored via a portable ...
Gauvreau G M - - 1995
A standardized treadmill test was used to compare metabolic and ventilatory measurements between 10 standardbred racehorses. The horses were divided into two groups: group A (n = 5) had mean racing speeds of 4.4 s faster than group B (n = 5) over a 1-mi. distance. Each horse was fitted ...
Seaman J - - 1995
Exercise in normal human subjects causes deterioration of matching of ventilation to blood flow in the lungs, but only in about 50% of those examined. A previous study (Wagner et al. 1989) of 5 horses showed no significant worsening of ventilation/blood flow (VA/Q) relationships during heavy exercise as determined by ...
Nilsson I - - 1995
The effect of varying bile acid output on fasting small intestinal motility was investigated in healthy male volunteers. Biliary output was manipulated by jejunal infusion of isotonic mannitol, which resulted in increased output, and by prolonged drainage of duodenal contents, which resulted in decreased output. Intestinal motility was measured by ...
Kannegieter N J - - 1995
Endoscopy of the upper respiratory tract was performed in 100 horses during high speed treadmill exercise. Reasons for endoscopy were a history of an abnormal noise during exercise in 75 horses, poor performance in 17 horses and to evaluate the results of upper respiratory tract surgery in 8 horses. Of ...
Eagon J C - - 1995
The aim was to measure the effect of gastric electrical stimulation on the frequency of canine antral pacesetter potentials (PPs), the strength of antral contractions, and the rate of gastric emptying while fasting, after feeding and with pentagastrin stimulation. Four conscious dogs with a stimulating electrode placed 10 cm proximal ...
Heymann T D - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The leaves of Khat are chewed for their central stimulant effect, but their use may cause anorexia and constipation. METHODS: Gastric emptying of a radio-labelled semi-solid meal was measured in 12 healthy volunteers on two occasions a week apart. Subjects chewed either Khat leaves (Catha edulis) or lettuce for ...
Gilja O H - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to develop a sonographic method to monitor postprandial size of the proximal stomach. Twenty-three healthy persons were scanned in a sitting position with a 3.25 MHz transducer after ingestion of 500 ml meat soup. The area in a sagittal section and the maximal diameter ...
Ehrlich P J - - 1995
The effect of left recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (LRLN) on the metabolic cost of locomotion (MCL) and peak aerobic power (VO2peak) was evaluated in four trained Thoroughbred racehorses. Oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), venous lactate concentrations (LAC), and heart rate (HR) were measured during a treadmill exercise test (TET). ...
Oelrichs P B - - 1995
Regular ingestion of Eupatorium adenophorum [Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.)] or Crofton weed causes chronic pulmonary disease in horses mainly in Australia, New Zealand, and the Himalayas. The disease is characterized by pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, emphysema, alveolar epithelisation and reduced tolerance to exercise. Horses apparently are the only animals affected and there ...
Guthrie A J - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to characterize the normal equine tidal breathing flow-volume loop (TBFVL). The study was performed using 18 healthy Thoroughbred horses. TBFVLs constructed from data collected from resting horses had a typical biphasic inspiratory and expiratory phase. The interindividual variability of the indices used to describe ...
Beadle R E - - 1995
A density-corrected ultrasonic pneumotachometer designed specifically for horses (UF202) was evaluated and characterized with the aid of a custom-built apparatus. UF202 provided voltage outputs for airflow through and gas density within the flowhead. Baseline stability for flow channel output (VUF202) was < 0.35% full scale (FS), and VUF202 was linear ...
Lawrence L M - - 1995
Four mature Standardbred horses were used in a 2-period cross-over design experiment to evaluate the effect of feeding state (fed or fasted) on metabolic response to 2 repeated bouts of exercise. Horses were either fasted 15 to 16 h before exercise or fasted for 12 h and then fed 2 ...
Holcombe S J - - 1994
The effect of transection of the sternothyroideus and sternohyoideus muscles on upper airway mechanics was investigated in exercising horses. Upper airway mechanics of six Standardbred horses were measured at rest and during exercise before and 24 h and 2 wk after sternothyrohyoid myectomy. Transnasal tracheal and pharyngeal catheters connected to ...
Pallotta N - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To assess gallbladder (GB) volume variations in response to a standard meal. METHODS: We assessed these variations with ultrasonography at brief intervals over the postprandial period, which included the emptying and refilling phases of the GB. RESULTS: During both emptying and refilling of the GB, the volume fluctuated continuously, ...
Hawkins J F - - 1994
Epiglottitis was diagnosed and treated in 20 horses (13 Thoroughbreds and 7 Standardbreds) over a 5-year period. Eighteen horses were used for racing, and 2 Standardbreds were broodmares. Primary clinical signs were exercise intolerance, respiratory noise, and coughing. The most common endoscopic diagnosis made by referring veterinarians was epiglottic entrapment ...
Berstad A - - 1994
We present a method for estimating volumes of abdominal organs using 3-D ultrasonography. In vitro validation experiments demonstrated excellent agreement between estimated and true volumes. In vivo estimations after ingestion of 500 ml meat soup showed greater antral filling and poorer emptying of the gallbladder in patients with functional dyspepsia ...
Aida H - - 1994
The minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane required to prevent gross purposeful movement in response to electrical stimulation of the oral mucous membranes was determined in horses, and their physical responses to inhalation of this anesthetic were observed. The MAC was 2.31 +/- 0.11%. The horses showed good ventilation, without ...
Misumi K - - 1994
To investigate whether the running exercise fitness of individual horses could be assessed by a standardized swimming exercise test, the results of multivariate analysis of the exercise parameters measured during incremental running and swimming tests were compared. Ten thoroughbred horses were subjected to different types of exercise tests on a ...
Fraser R - - 1994
The motor mechanisms associated with gastric emptying of nutrient liquids are unclear. Gastric emptying and motility were determined in seven healthy volunteers using an MRI technique following ingestion of 500 ml of (1) 10% and (2) 25% dextrose labeled with 1 mM Gd-DOTA. Emptying was determined with transaxial scans and ...
Schumacher J - - 1994
Primary paranasal sinusitis, complicated by inspissated purulent exudate in a ventral conchal sinus, was diagnosed in 3 horses. Partial nasal obstruction, caused by axial deviation of the ventral concha, was detected endoscopically in 2 of the horses. A mass, dorsal to the maxillary molars, was detected via a lateral radiographic ...
Stachura J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Aspirin (ASA)-induced gastropathy decreases with continued ASA ingestion due to the development of gastric mucosal tolerance. However, the mechanism of the gastric mucosal adaptation to repeated ASA challenge is unknown. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to determine the density of leukocytes infiltrating the gastric mucosa in ...
Lapointe J M - - 1994
Sixty Standardbred horses, aged 3 to 10 years, were examined endoscopically for exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) 1 h after racing, on at least 3 occasions. Racing time, finishing position and post exercise venous lactate concentrations were also recorded. Horses positive for tracheal blood on endoscopy were classified as having either ...
Smale K - - 1994
An algorithm to describe the oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) of the Thoroughbred horse was derived from raw oxygen equilibrium curve data obtained under standard conditions of temperature, pH and PCO2 (Smale and Butler, 1994). This algorithm was derived by a curve-fitting procedure based on the algorithm for human blood produced ...
Manohar M - - 1994
Right atrial, pulmonary artery, pulmonary capillary, pulmonary artery wedge, and systemic blood pressures of strenuously exercising horses increase markedly. As a consequence, myocardial metabolic O2 demand in exercising horses must be high. Experiments were, therefore, carried out on 9 healthy, exercise-conditioned horses (2.5 to 8 years old; 481 +/- 16 ...
Coffin B - - 1994
Using an electronic barostat in the human terminal ileum, we studied ileal tone in response to various stimuli in 10 healthy volunteers. Phasic activity was also measured by manometry. Graded orad (ileal) and caudad (cecal) balloon distensions did not produce any significant changes in ileal tone at all levels tested, ...
Crabill M R - - 1994
A review of medical records was used to identify 10 horses in which stringhalt developed subsequent to trauma to the dorsal metatarsus. Six horses developed stringhalt within 3 months after injury, 3 horses developed stringhalt > 3 months after injury, and time from injury to stringhalt was unknown for 1 ...
Evans D L - - 1994
The relationship between gait and the respiratory response to exercise was examined in five standardbred racehorses which exercised on a treadmill at a pace and a gallop. After an initial warm-up, respiratory rate and stride frequency were measured after one and two minutes of treadmill exercise at 80 per cent ...
Biswas B - - 1994
Potomac horse fever, caused by Ehrlichia risticii, is an important disease of equines. The major features of the disease are fever, leukopenia, and diarrhea. The organism has been detected from the blood mononuclear cells of infected horses, but its presence in the feces has not been known. A method for ...
Smith B L - - 1994
It has been hypothesised that horses have a preference for facing backward in a trailer during road transport in order to minimise shifts of body weight due to accelerations and decelerations. To determine if horses have preferences for facing forward vs. backward in a horse trailer, the authors analysed the ...
Manohar M - - 1994
High-intensity exercise results in a dramatic increase in mean pulmonary capillary blood pressure of horses, and administration of furosemide 4 hours before exertion significantly attenuates this exercise-induced increment. To test whether this effect of furosemide is mediated via release of prostaglandins, right atrial and pulmonary vascular pressures were measured in ...
Foland J W - - 1994
Osteochondral fragments were created arthroscopically on the distal aspect of both radial carpal bones in 12 horses. On day 14 after surgery, one middle carpal joint of each horse was injected with 2.5 mL Betavet Soluspan (3.9 mg betamethasone sodium phosphate and 12 mg betamethasone acetate per milliliter) and the ...
Shay S S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether two dissimilar groups characterized by 24-h esophageal pH monitoring would have individual reflux events that occur under the same or different circumstances when challenged by a meal and monitored in different postures. These groups consisted of upright refluxers without esophagitis (n = 10) versus biopositional refluxers ...
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