Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1082
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Penraat J H - - 2000
The use of monoiodoacetate (MIA) for arthrodesis of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIJ) and the effect of exercise on the degree of fusion were investigated. Eight horses received 3 injections (Weeks 0, 3, 6) of MIA (2 mL; 60 mg/mL) into the right or left front PIJ. Peri-operatively, the horses ...
Kawcak C E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of treadmill exercise on subchondral bone of carpal and metacarpophalangeal joints of 2-year-old horses. ANIMALS: 12 healthy 2-year-old horses. PROCEDURE: Horses were randomly assigned to the control (n = 6) or exercised (6) groups. Horses in the exercised group ran on a high-speed treadmill 5 d/wk ...
Abo M - - 2000
It is known that distension of the rectum induces gastric hypomotility and delays gastric emptying. Its effect on gastrointestinal myoelectrical activity has not been well studied, however. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rectal distension on gastrointestinal myoelectrical activity in dogs. Six hound dogs implanted ...
Funkquist P - - 2000
In order to evaluate the haemodynamic response to exercise in Standardbred trotters with red cell hypervolaemia (RCHV), 12 trotters with RCHV were compared with 9 normovolaemic (NV) trotters. Haemodynamic data were recorded during exercise at 4 different speeds on a treadmill. Oxygen uptake was determined with an open bias flow ...
Jeppesen P B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The glucagon-like peptides (GLP) 1 and 2 are secreted postprandially from L cells located mainly in the ileum. Both hormones prolong intestinal transit and GLP-2 is intestinotrophic in rodents. Patients with a jejunostomy have poor adaptation, rapid gastric and intestinal transit, and impaired postprandial GLP-2 secretion. Ileum resected short ...
Devienne M F - - 2000
Oxygen consumption (VO2), ventilation (VE) and heart rate (HR) were studied in five recreational riders with a portable oxygen analyser (K2 Cosmed, Rome) telemetric system, during two different experimental riding sessions. The first one was a dressage session in which the rider successively rode four different horses at a walk, ...
Mehl M L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between plasma beta-endorphin (EN) concentrations and exercise intensity and duration in horses. ANIMALS: 8 mares with a mean age of 6 years (range, 3 to 13 years) and mean body weight of 450 kg. PROCEDURE: Horses were exercised for 20 minutes at 60% of maximal ...
Katz L M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To establish maximum oxygen consumption VO2max) in ponies of different body weights, characterize the effects of training of short duration on VO2max, and compare these effects to those of similarly trained Thoroughbreds. ANIMALS: 5 small ponies, 4 mid-sized ponies, and 6 Thoroughbreds. PROCEDURE: All horses were trained for 4 ...
Bowers J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine commonly used girth tensions in Thoroughbred racehorses in the Melbourne metropolitan area. DESIGN: A prospective industry survey. METHODS: Strappers were instructed to tension girths, using the same saddle, under-saddle packing and girth, sufficiently to hold the saddle for racing. These tensions were continuously recorded by an in-line ...
Soma L R - - 2000
Seven hundred and eighty-eight Standardbred pacers competing in 8378 races at one racetrack were analysed to determine the effects of the administration of prerace frusemide on racing times (RT). Frusemide was administered i.v. 4 h before the race to pacers diagnosed with exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH). Of the pacers, starting ...
Marc M - - 2000
Reliable physiological markers for performance evaluation in sport horses are missing. To determine the diagnostic value of plasma ACTH and cortisol measurements in the warmblood horse, 10 initially 3-yr-old geldings of the Hannovarian breed were either exposed to a training schedule or served as controls. During experimental Phase 1, horses ...
Peroni J F - - 2000
Six healthy, awake, and pharmacologically restrained mature horses were studied in order to define the changes in cardiopulmonary function during and after exploratory thoracoscopy and to determine the presence of postoperative complications occurring 48 hours after thoracoscopy. In a randomised 3 x 3 latin square design with 2 replications, 18 ...
Boston R C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree to which components of the training program of 2-year-old Thoroughbred racehorses influence their susceptibility to fatigue injury of the third metacarpal bone (bucked shins). ANIMALS: 226 two-year-old Thoroughbred racehorses. PROCEDURE: Daily training information and health reports on 2-year-old Thoroughbreds were compiled from records provided from ...
Racklyeft D J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review relevant literature on factors associated with the development of equine pleuropneumonia. DESIGN: A review of the literature using a range of databases including Current Contents, Medline, ChemAbstracts, Biological Abstracts and CAB and a comprehensive search strategy which involved use of keywords, author and subject category searches. Additional ...
Young L E - - 2000
Cardiac auscultation was carried out on 111 Thoroughbred horses age 2-5 years to test the hypothesis that athletic training might influence the development of atrioventricular (AV) valve regurgitation in young Thoroughbreds. Murmurs of valvular regurgitation were identified and graded on a 1-6 scale. There were 2 sources of auscultation data: ...
Cohen N D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between high-speed exercise and risk of injury while racing among Thoroughbreds in Kentucky. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. ANIMALS: 206 Thoroughbreds that sustained a musculoskeletal injury while racing and 412 Thoroughbreds that were not injured during the same races. PROCEDURE: Data regarding official timed workouts and ...
Roussel A J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of erythromycin on motility of the ileum, cecum, and pelvic flexure of horses during the postoperative and post-recovery periods. ANIMALS: 8 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURE: Horses were anesthetized and bipolar electrodes were implanted in smooth muscle of the ileum, cecum, and pelvic flexure. Approximately 4, ...
Kindig C A - - 2000
To investigate the role of nitric oxide, NO, in facilitating cardiorespiratory function during exercise, five horses ran on a treadmill at speeds that yielded 50, 80 and 100% of peak pulmonary oxygen uptake (V(O(2)) peak) as determined on a maximal incremental test. Each horse underwent one control (C) and one ...
Peiper C - - 2000
In an animal experimental study we examined the postoperative recovery of the motility of the upper gastrointestinal tract after operative treatment of a benign gastric outlet obstruction. At 45 Days after induction, a duodenal stenosis was resected in six dogs, and resolved by Finney's duodenoplasty in another six dogs. Fourteen ...
Tetens J - - 2000
A 2-year-old Thoroughbred filly was admitted to the hospital for evaluation of exercise intolerance. Resting videoendoscopic evaluation (i.e., while the horse was standing) of the nasopharynx and trachea revealed right arytenoid paresis and a tracheal defect that was 100 cm distal to the external nares. Surgery, consisting of a right ...
Weigle G E - - 2000
The objective of this study was to develop and test a technique to allow dynamic cardiac function to be studied during exercise in the horse. Blood pressure waveforms in the exercising horse are difficult to interpret because of the large influence of stride and respiration. A method has been devised ...
McDuffee L A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine a range of limb loading activity for healthy adult horses confined to box stalls in an equine veterinary teaching hospital and determine the effects of hospital environmental factors on load rates and daily limb loading patterns. ANIMALS: 6 mature healthy horses of various ages, breeds, and sexes, ...
Perkins J D - - 2000
The parasympathetic terminal cardiac ganglia were examined in three normal horses and in five horses with grass sickness. Histopathological changes, consistent with those observed in other ganglia of horses with grass sickness, were identified in the terminal cardiac ganglia of the affected horses. A functional analysis of cardiac autonomic control ...
Martin B B BB - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine results for horses undergoing a high-speed treadmill examination, including videoendoscopy of the pharynx and larynx before and during exercise, echocardiography before and after exercise, and electrocardiography before, during, and after exercise, because of poor performance. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 348 horses. RESULTS: A definitive diagnosis was obtained ...
Tournadre J P - - 2000
Acidosis impairs smooth muscle function in various organs. However, the effects of acidosis on the gastroduodenal tract are unknown while its dysfunction has potential perioperative harmful consequences. We investigated the effects of metabolic (MA) and respiratory acidosis (RA) on upper gut motility in tracheally ventilated pigs whose anesthesia was induced ...
Wallner G - - 2000
There are at least three, well-known, different groups of motor activity disturbances of the upper part of alimentary tract which can induce the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and enlarge the risk of excessive exposure of the esophageal mucous membrane on gastric juice and/or biliary contents. Most important is ...
Couroucé A - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal treadmill slope for trotters to produce the same heart rate and blood lactate responses as on the track during a standardized exercise test. Nine 2-year-old French trotters performed exercise tests on a training track and on a treadmill set at ...
Tamada K - - 2000
We prospectively investigated whether the placement of endoscopic naso-biliary drainage (ENBD) precluded percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). In 40 patients, the caliber of the intrahepatic bile duct was measured prior to ENBD by ultrasonography. When PTBD was required after ENBD, the ENBD catheter was clamped for 1 to 2 h ...
Rogers C W - - 1999
AIMS: To quantify the linear and temporal characteristics of the trot of 3-day event horses during the preliminary horse inspection of an advanced grade CCI*** 3-day event. METHODS: A cross sectional study was made of the kinematics of 24 3-day-event horses during the first horse inspection at a CCI*** level ...
van Nieuwenhoven M A - - 1999
Exercise decreases splanchnic bloodflow. Therefore exercise may induce alterations in gastrointestinal (GI) function. In the present study we investigated the effect of high-intensity exercise on oesophageal motility, gastro-oesophageal reflux, gastric pH, gastric emptying, orocaecal transit time (OCTT), intestinal permeability and glucose absorption simultaneously, using an ambulatory protocol. Ten healthy well-trained ...
MacLeay J M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence, effect on performance, and management practices associated with exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) in Thoroughbreds. SAMPLE POPULATION: Medical records for 984 Thoroughbreds and a survey of trainers of horses with and without ER. PROCEDURES: Medical records for 984 Thoroughbreds stabled at a midwestern racetrack were examined to determine ...
Tyndall S H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the size of the gastrojejunal anastomosis after Billroth II reconstruction was the rate-limiting factor in gastric emptying in the postoperative period. METHODS: Twelve mongrel dogs were randomized to have either 1.5 cm or 5 cm gastrojejunal anastomoses prior to Billroth II hemigastrectomy. Each dog had three ...
Stull C L - - 1999
Nine trailer loads of horses (n = 306) transported to slaughter facilities with distances ranging 596 to 2,496 km were studied to characterize the type of horses used in commercial markets and the physiological responses and number of injuries due to transportation under summer environmental conditions. Slaughter horse candidates were ...
Manohar M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether intravenous infusion of nitroglycerin would modify pulmonary arterial, capillary, or venous hypertension in strenuously exercising Thoroughbreds. ANIMALS: 5 healthy Thoroughbred horses. PROCEDURE: Right atrial, right ventricular, and pulmonary vascular pressures were measured. Each horse was used in a control treatment (not medicated) and a nitroglycerin infusion ...
Bayly W M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether i.v. administration of furosemide (250 mg) to horses before maximal exercise affected maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), breathing mechanics, or gas exchange during exercise. ANIMALS: 7 healthy, well-conditioned Thoroughbred horses. PROCEDURES: 5 horses initially performed an incremental treadmill exercise test to determine VO2max 4 hours after i.v. ...
Oikawa M - - 1999
The dorsocaudal extremities of the caudal lobes of the lungs of racehorses are vulnerable to exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH). The morphology of the lungs at these sites was studied in 13 Thoroughbred horses aged 18 to 22 months. These animals, which had been performing low-intensity exercise on a track at ...
Hubbell J A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine sedative, cardiorespiratory and metabolic effects of xylazine hydrochloride, detomidine hydrochloride, and a combination of xylazine and acepromazine administered i.v. at twice the standard doses in Thoroughbred horses recuperating from a brief period of maximal exercise. ANIMALS: 6 adult Thoroughbreds. PROCEDURE: Horses were preconditioned by exercising them on ...
Gallatin L L - - 1999
Three of 5 horses exercising on L-NAME (NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester) exhibited unusual clinical signs towards the end of exercise bouts and post-exercise. L-NAME is a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor which blocks synthesis of nitric oxide from L-arginine. The induced absence of nitric oxide may have lead to the clinical signs ...
Minetti A E - - 1999
Three-dimensional motion capture and metabolic assessment were performed on four standardbred horses while walking, trotting and galloping on a motorized treadmill at different speeds. The mechanical work was partitioned into the internal work (W(INT)), due to the speed changes of body segments with respect to the body centre of mass, ...
Pringle J - - 1999
The heart rate changes during routine training in a group of 8 actively racing Standardbreds were used to simulate the training work on a treadmill (ST) and indices of exercise compared to maximal effort (MAX) on the treadmill. The following parameters were recorded during treadmill work: heart rate, velocity, O2 ...
Routledge N B - - 1999
The variation over 24 h of plasma glutamine concentration in nonexercising horses was studied in 3 Thoroughbreds (TB) fed at 1600 h and 0700 h. This indicated a small but regular change associated with feeding. Starting at a mean of 482 mumol/l at 1600 h the concentration increased to 522 ...
Greene S - - 1999
This study evaluated the effects of pre-exercise frusemide administration and hypertonic saline (H) infusion during anaesthesia on arterial pH, blood gases and electrolytes in 6 Thoroughbred horses anaesthetised immediately post exercise. Horses received either frusemide (F) (0.5 mg/kg, i.v.) or a saline placebo (P) injection 4 h prior to treadmill ...
Valberg S J - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to determine if chronic exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) in Quarter Horses and Thoroughbreds represents one or several distinct myopathies. Eighteen Quarter Horses and 18 Thoroughbreds with ER were selected from cases presented to the Veterinary Hospital on the basis of a history of ER, assessment ...
Couëtil L L - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cytology, arterial blood gases and plasma lactate concentration during a standardised treadmill test (STT) in racehorses with small-airway inflammation (SAI), or exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH). Sixteen Thoroughbred and 20 Standardbred actively racing racehorses, were divided into ...
Foreman J H - - 1999
Three-day event horses are subject to various external environmental stresses including changes in ambient temperature, humidity, altitude, and test severity. Considerable research on the adverse effects of increased heat and humidity preceded the 1996 Olympic Summer Games in Atlanta, Georgia USA, but no research has been done previously on the ...
Lauderdale M A - - 1999
The power:time-to-fatigue relationship for high-intensity exercise in man is useful in determining anaerobic work capacity. The purpose of this study was to determine the nature of this relationship in horses. Eight Standardbred horses performed 5 or 6 run-to-fatigue trials on a treadmill. Exercise intensities were chosen to induce fatigue in ...
Kirschvink N - - 1999
To test whether isoprostanes could be used as markers of oxidative stress in horses, their concentration was determined in plasma and in pulmonary epithelial lining fluid (PELF) in 3 models of oxidative stress: (1) strenuous exercise, (2) acute COPD crisis and (3) exercise combined with COPD crisis. Four horses were ...
Johnston C - - 1999
The Standardbred trotter must pull a considerable load when racing and, consequently, draught loading is a common method of training in the Standardbred and the effects of loading and fatigue due to loading on the locomotor pattern was the purpose of this investigation. Four mature healthy Standardbred horses trotted with ...
Perkins G - - 1999
This report documents the successful conservative medical management of hemothorax in 2 horses. Hemothorax occurred after a lung biopsy procedure (horse 1) and strenuous exercise on a treadmill (horse 2). The horses had tachypnea, tachycardia, nostril flaring, hemoptysis, and pawing. Hemothorax was suspected based upon absence of auscultable ventral lung ...
Crandell K G - - 1999
High-grain diets for the exercising horse were compared with diets which provided 15% of the total caloric intake from either vegetable oil or a highly fermentable fibre source (beet pulp). Six Thoroughbreds age 3 years were fed one of 3 diets or 5 weeks in a replicated 3 x 3 ...
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