Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 825
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Abrisham Seyyed Mohammad Jalil - - 2011
The subacromial syndrome is the most common source of shoulder pain. The mainstays of conservative treatment are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and exercise therapy. Recently, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been popularized in the treatment of various musculoskeletal disorders. The aim of this study is to evaluate the additive effects of ...
Brown Sarah - - 2011
Brown, S and Kilding, AE. Exercise-induced inspiratory muscle fatigue during swimming: The effect of race distance. J Strength Cond Res 25(5): 1204-1209, 2011-Exercise-induced inspiratory muscle fatigue (IMF) has been quantified for several sports. However, it is not yet known if, or to what extent, IMF is determined by the competition ...
Murnane Andrew - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Research has shown that patients who undergo regular physical activity during cancer treatment have significantly better physical functioning, cardiorespiratory fitness, psychological well-being and quality of life than those who do not. Despite the apparent value of exercise, few patients undertake regular physical activity during treatment and usually find it ...
Shin Hyeong-Ki - - 2011
The nuclear emergency exercise programme (NEEP) is a PC-based application intended for design and planning emergency preparedness and response (EP&R) exercises for a potential nuclear emergency in Korea. The application programme allows EP&R staff to create and edit exercise scenarios based on information customised for a specific nuclear power plant's ...
Schuuring Mark J - - 2011
The Fontan circulation is a palliative procedure performed in patients with complex congenital heart disease (CHD), making transpulmonary blood flow dependent on the systemic venous pressure. In a Fontan circulation a low pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is crucial, as is epitomized by the observation that a high PVR is a ...
O'Donnell Denis E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Indacaterol is a novel, inhaled, once-daily ultra long-acting β(2)-agonist (ultra-LABA) for the treatment of COPD. This study investigated the effect of indacaterol on exercise endurance, and on lung hyperinflation during exercise and at rest in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-period crossover study (3-week treatment, ...
Gold Jessica - - 2011
The development of new phamacological treatments for obesity has been challenging. In part, the lack of early diagnosis, early detection, early intervention and treatment has meant that more cases progress to life-threatening co-morbidities and surgical options. Pharmacological treatment of obesity has been limited. Self medication with drugs of abuse and ...
Kim Hunkyung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is one of the most prevalent health problems and a significant cause of disability and dependence in the elderly. Pelvic floor exercise is effective in reducing stress urinary incontinence, but few studies have investigated the effect of behavioral management on urge and mixed incontinence. OBJECTIVES: To determine ...
Abbey Elizabeth L - - 2011
Maintenance of repeated-sprint performance is a goal during team-sport competition such as soccer. Quercetin has been shown to be an adenosine-receptor antagonist and may reduce oxidative stress via inhibition of the enzyme xanthine oxidase (XO). The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of quercetin consumption on performance ...
Serna Angela - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of a home-based computer orthoptic program to treat symptomatic convergence insufficiency. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients with symptomatic convergence insufficiency treated with a home-based computer orthoptic program was performed. Symptomatic convergence insufficiency was defined as: near point of convergence (NPC) >6 cm, decreased ...
Roe Justin Wg - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Oncological treatment outcomes in head and neck cancer suggest both acute and longer-term oropharyngeal dysphagia. Studies have been published exploring the potential to improve swallowing outcomes using more targeted treatment modalities such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and through the introduction of swallowing exercises prior to treatment. In ...
Mota-Pereira Jorge - - 2011
Treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex condition, with very low remission rates. Physical exercise has been used, with some encouraging results, as an alternative therapy in other depressive disorders. This study assessed the impact on depression and functioning parameters of a moderate intensity exercise program, as an adjuvant ...
Johansson Kajsa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) commonly seek primary care. Subacromial corticosteroid injection is the standard treatment given by GPs, which is supported by earlier studies reporting a positive effect but inconclusive evidence over the long- term. In Sweden, physiotherapists often choose acupuncture combined with exercises to treat SIS, ...
Calis H T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is the most common reason for shoulder pain. Ultrasound and laser are the physical therapy modalities, in conservative treatment of SIS. AIM: The aim of this study was to define and compare the efficacy of ultrasound, laser and exercise in the treatment of SIS. DESIGN: ...
Sunderland Kyle L - - 2011
Sunderland, KL, Greer, F, and Morales, J. &OV0312;o2max and ventilatory threshold of trained cyclists are not affected by 28-day l-arginine supplementation. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 833-837, 2011-The ergogenic effect of l-arginine on an endurance-trained population is not well studied. The few studies that have investigated l-arginine on this population ...
Yeh Tzu-Shao - - 2011
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a proprietary blend of soybean peptides, taurine, Pueraria isoflavone, and ginseng saponin complex (STPG capsule) on exercise performance in humans. Fourteen male volunteers were randomly assigned to two crossover treatments in which they consumed either four STPG capsules ...
Hegle Jennifer - - 2011
All-hazards exercises bring together emergency response partners at the local, regional, state, and federal levels for the primary purposes of testing response plans, defining roles and responsibilities, assessing capabilities, and making necessary improvements prior to an actual incident. To better understand the benefits and challenges of conducting regional (ie, multicounty) ...
Cox Narelle S NS Department of Physiotherapy, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, - - 2011
This case series describes the effect of home intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy on spirometry and exercise capacity in a group of children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Outcomes from 10 children with CF who were prescribed a 14-day course of home IV antibiotics for a respiratory exacerbation are reported. All children ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2011
PURPOSE: Achieving acceptable levels of adherence to exercise may be a challenge with head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors given the high morbidity associated with treatment. The purpose of the present trial was to identify the key predictors of adherence during our shoulder exercise rehabilitation trial. METHODS: Fifty-two HNC survivors ...
Rumbold P L S - - 2011
Free-living energy intake and subjective appetite were monitored in a group of eleven 13-15-year old trained adolescent netball players. During preliminary visits, a FLEX heart rate calibration and resting metabolic test were conducted. Heart rate data was collected during a netball exercise session and sedentary period and during the waking ...
Sato Koji - - 2011
This study was undertaken to assess the effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) administration and exercise training on muscular DHEA and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) levels and hyperglycemia in diet-induced obese and hyperglycemic rats. After 14 wk of a high-sucrose diet, obese male Wistar rats were assigned randomly to one of three 6-wk regimens: ...
Rodríguez-Marroyo Jose A - - 2011
Rodríguez-Marroyo, JA, Pernía, R, Cejuela, R, García-López, J, Llopis, J, and Villa, JG. Exercise intensity and load during different races in youth and junior cyclists. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 511-519, 2011-This study analyzed and compared the exercise intensity exerted by Youth and Junior cyclists in single-day and stage races. ...
Annesi James J - - 2011
In cognitive-behavioral treatments for obesity, self-regulation is thought to be a strong predictor of behavioral change, but it is rarely directly measured in intervention research. Thus, how self-regulation interacts with other psychological variables regarding treatment effects is largely unknown. In this preliminary field study, self-regulatory skills were directly measured and ...
Kennedy David J - - 2011
Lumbosacral radiculopathy is relatively common, and most cases resolve with appropriate conservative management. Along with pain control, the mainstay of treatment is a comprehensive rehabilitation program to correct for biomechanical factors that adversely affect spinal stability and predispose the patient to recurrent pain. Developing an appropriate treatment plan depends on ...
Smits Jasper A J - - 2011
The present study examined the working hypothesis that moderate-intensity exercise is associated with coping-oriented marijuana use motives through its association with the fear of somatic arousal (ie, anxiety sensitivity). Using data from 146 young adult current marijuana users, we found evidence consistent with this hypothesis. Specifically, moderate-intensity exercise was associated ...
Seo Jin-Hee - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine the effects of Phellinus linteus (PL) on serotonin synthesis in the brain and on the expression of monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) in muscles during exhaustive exercise in rats. In this study, 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the following 6 groups: control; exercise; exercise ...
Illian Travis G - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine if Omega 3 Chia seed loading is a viable option for enhancing sports performance in events lasting >90 minutes and allow athletes to decrease their dietary intake of sugar while increasing their intake of Omega 3 fatty acids. It has been well ...
Buchowski Maciej S - - 2011
Cannabis dependence is a significant public health problem. Because there are no approved medications for this condition, treatment must rely on behavioral approaches empirically complemented by such lifestyle change as exercise. To examine the effects of moderate aerobic exercise on cannabis craving and use in cannabis dependent adults under normal ...
Grünig Ekkehard E Center for Pulmonary Hypertension, Thoracic Clinic, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. - - 2011
Even though specific agents for the treatment of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) are available, in PH patients, physical capacity and quality of life (QoL) are often restricted and survival is reduced. This study prospectively investigated the long-term effects of respiratory and exercise training in patients with severe chronic PH ...
Shivakumar Geetha - - 2010
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) in pregnancy or antenatal depression poses unique treatment challenges and has serious consequences for mothers, unborn babies, and families when untreated. This review presents current knowledge on exercise during pregnancy, antidepressant effects of exercise, and the rationale for the specific study of exercise for antenatal ...
Shivakumar Geetha - - 2011
Major depressive disorder (MDD) in pregnancy or antenatal depression poses unique treatment challenges and has serious consequences for mothers, unborn babies, and families when untreated. This review presents current knowledge on exercise during pregnancy, antidepressant effects of exercise, and the rationale for the specific study of exercise for antenatal depression. ...
Hoffman Benson M BM Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3119, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2011
To examine a 1-year follow-up of a 4-month, controlled clinical trial of exercise and antidepressant medication in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). In the original study, 202 sedentary adults with MDD were randomized to: a) supervised exercise; b) home-based exercise; c) sertraline; or d) placebo pill. We examined two ...
Valderrabano Victor - - 2011
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease with a high prevalence among older people. To date, the pathogenesis of the disease and the link between muscle function and OA is not entirely understood. As there is no known cure for OA, current research focuses on prevention and symptomatic treatment of ...
Millward David T - - 2010
Treatment for exercise-induced bronchospasm and exercise-induced asthma includes both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic options. Pharmacologic agents that have been proven to be effective for treating these conditions include short- and long-acting β2-adrenoceptor agonists, mast cell-stabilizing agents, anticholinergics, leukotriene receptor antagonists, and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). When selecting the most appropriate medication, factors ...
Leal Junior Ernesto Cesar - - 2011
In the last years, phototherapy has becoming a promising tool to improve skeletal muscle recovery after exercise, however, it was not compared with other modalities commonly used with this aim. In the present study we compared the short-term effects of cold water immersion therapy (CWIT) and light emitting diode therapy ...
Hargens Trent A - - 2011
The double product is the product of the heart rate and systolic blood pressure. The double product break point (DPBP) is a physiologic threshold that occurs at similar exercise intensities to that of the ventilatory threshold (VT). The influence of aerobic exercise training on the DPBP has not yet been ...
Gonzales J U - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine if sex differences are present in exercise-induced inspiratory muscle function in untrained humans. Eight young untrained women (23.8 ± 1.5 y, VO2max = 33.7 ± 4.0 mL/kg/min) and men (26.1 ± 2.0 y, VO2max = 36.7 ± 1.2 mL/kg/min) performed high-intensity cycling ...
Cross Troy J - - 2010
We examined the influence of operational lung volumes and mean inspiratory flow on the amplitude of the slow component of O₂uptake (V(O)₂(SC) ) during constant-load cycling performed below and above the respiratory compensation threshold (RCT) in young (24±1yr), healthy individuals (n=10). Subjects demonstrated a significantly greater rise in expiratory reserve ...
Donaghy M - - 2010
For many years, experts have been debating the pros and cons of exercise for depression. Proponents of exercise for depression point to those clinical trials which have shown that exercise improves mood, while sceptics point out the methodological problems in many of the apparently positive trials, and the uncertainties around ...
Del Giorno Jacqueline M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test the transient hypofrontality theory (Dietrich, 2003) by examining the influence of exercise intensity on executive control processes during and following submaximal exercise. Thirty participants (13 female) exercised for 30 min at ventilatory threshold (VT) or at 75% of VT. The Contingent Continuous ...
Gastinger S - - 2010
To validate a new device designed to measure ventilation (V(E)), tidal volume (V(T)), inspiratory time (T(I)), and expiratory time (T(E)) during daily life activities. The anteroposterior displacement of the rib cage and abdomen and the axial displacements of the chest wall and the spine were measured using two pairs of ...
Gassi E R - - 2010
The aim of present study was to compare the alterations in electromyography signs with Ventilatory Threshold (VT). Had been part of the study eight men, amateur cyclists and triathletes (25.25 +/- 6.96 years), that they had exercised themselves in a mechanical cicloergometer, a cadence of 80 RPM and with the ...
Swain Katherine E - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence and implications of expiratory flow limitation (EFL) during exercise in boys and girls. Forty healthy, prepubescent boys (B; n=20) and girls (G; n=20) were tested. Subjects completed pulmonary function tests and an incremental cycle maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) test. EFL ...
Sutbeyaz Serap Tomruk - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether two types of exercise--breathing retraining (BRT) and inspiratory muscle training (IMT)--improve on cardiopulmonary functions and exercise tolerance in patients with stroke. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Education and research hospital. SUBJECTS: Forty-five inpatients with stroke (24 men, 21 women) were recruited for the study. The ...
Guenette Jordan A - - 2010
Expiratory flow limitation (EFL) during exercise may be overestimated or falsely detected when superimposing tidal breaths within a pre-exercise maximal expiratory flow volume (MEFV) curve due to thoracic gas compression (TGC) and bronchodilation. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of TGC and bronchodilation on the ...
Callegaro Carine C - - 2010
We hypothesized that heart failure patients with inspiratory muscle weakness (IMW) present greater peripheral chemoreflex responsiveness and augmented exercise ventilatory oscillation compared to patients with preserved inspiratory muscle strength. We studied 19 heart failure patients: 9 with IMW (maximal inspiratory pressure [PImax]<70% of predicted) and 10 with preserved inspiratory muscle ...
Hall Eric E - - 2010
Affective responses to exercise may be important for improving adherence to regular programs of exercise. The present study sought to determine whether resting frontal EEG asymmetry, an individual difference measure of affective style, is predictive of affective responses to exercise performed at distinct intensities standardized relative to a metabolic landmark ...
Kendall Kristina L - - 2010
The submaximal electromyographic fatigue threshold test (EMG(FT)) has been shown to be highly correlated to ventilatory threshold (VT) as determined from maximal graded exercise tests (GXTs). Recently, a prediction equation was developed using the EMG(FT) value to predict VT. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine if this ...
Rigo Manuel D - - 2010
The Scoliosis Rehabilitation model begins with the correct diagnosis and evaluation of the patient, to make treatment decisions oriented to the patient. The treatment is based on observation, education, scoliosis specific exercises, and bracing. The state of research in the field of conservative treatment is insufficient. There is some evidence ...
Wahl Patrick P Institute of Training Science and Sport Informatics ; Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sport Medicine ; The German Research Center of Elite Sport, German Sport University , Cologne, - - 2010
Warming-up (WU) is a widely used preparation for training and competition. However, little is known about the potential mechanisms of WU on performance and on the lactate distribution in the blood compartment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether different WU procedures affect performance and lactate distribution ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >