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Chang Su-Hsien - - 2011
Chang S-H, Chen C-Y, Shen S-H, Chiou J-H. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 213-220 The effectiveness of an exercise programme for elders with dementia in a Taiwanese day-care centre The purpose was to examine the effectiveness of an exercise programme for elders with dementia in Taiwan aimed to ...
Roach Kathryn E KE Department of Physical Therapy, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33146, USA. - - 2011
To determine whether an activity specific exercise program could improve ability to perform basic mobility activities in long-term care residents with Alzheimer disease (AD). Randomized, controlled, single-blinded clinical trial. Residents of 7 long-term care facilities. Eighty-two long-term care residents with mild to severe AD. An activity specific exercise program was ...
Paraskevaidis Ioannis A - - 2011
The diagnostic and prognostic utility of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been shown in patients either with heart failure or with known coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to investigate the utility of the exercise-induced changes of BNP in patients with chest pain, unknown CAD, and normal left ventricular systolic ...
van Es Pauline P - - 2011
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease, causing pain and functional impairments. According to international guidelines, exercise therapy has a short-term effect in reducing pain/functional impairments in knee OA and is therefore also generally recommended for hip OA. Because of its high prevalence and clinical implications, OA is associated ...
Helgerud J - - 2011
This study sought to study the effect of high intensity aerobic interval endurance training on peak stroke volume and maximal strength training on mechanical efficiency in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. 8 CAD patients (age 61.4±3.7 years) trained 30 interval training sessions with 4×4 min intervals at 85-95% of peak ...
Cornish Aimee K - - 2011
Interval training (IT) may induce physiological adaptations superior to those achieved with conventional moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Our objectives were (1) to systematically review studies which have prescribed IT in CAD, (2) to summarize the findings of this research including the safety and ...
Company Joseph M - - 2010
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is contiguous with coronary arteries and myocardium and potentially may play a role in coronary atherosclerosis (CAD). Exercise is known to improve cardiovascular disease risk factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise training on the expression of 18 genes, ...
Lara Fernandes Juliano - - 2011
Few studies have prospectively addressed the effects of exercise in the inflammatory activity of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to evaluate the consequences of an acute bout of exercise on inflammatory markers and BNP in untrained CAD patients before and after randomization to a training program. 34 ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2010
Conventional analysis of exercise electrocardiogram (EX-ECG) has limited accuracy. This study aims to evaluate the potential impact of improving EX-ECG accuracy on costs of diagnosis and number of misdiagnoses of coronary artery disease (CAD). A decision-tree model was simulated including sequential application of diagnostic procedures for suspected CAD. The model ...
Puurtinen Merja - - 2010
The usefulness of the right precordial unipolar leads and the value of the bipolar lead CM5 in the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) with exercise electrocardiographic (ECG) test are not well documented. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of leads V4R and CM5. The ...
Hamera Edna - - 2010
Histories and physical exams, completed prior to starting a weight loss program, showed that 52% (N=106) had high risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), 40% had difficulty performing a tandem gait (indicator of balance), and 30% had an existing musculoskeletal disorder. These risks are realistic concerns when recommending exercise and/or ...
Ovrehus Kristian A - - 2010
In patients suspected of having coronary artery disease (CAD), we compared the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of exercise testing using ST-segment changes alone and ST-segment changes, angina pectoris, and hemodynamic variables compared to coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA). Quantitative invasive coronary angiography was the reference method (>50% coronary lumen reduction). ...
Bouzas-Mosquera Alberto - - 2010
The prognostic value of an exaggerated exercise systolic blood pressure response (EESBPR) remains controversial. Our aim was to assess whether an EESBPR is associated with the long-term outcome in patients with diabetes mellitus and known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). From an initial population of 22,262 patients with known ...
Bouzas-Mosquera Alberto - - 2010
The association of atrial fibrillation (AF) with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. In addition, the relation of AF to myocardial ischemia and outcomes in patients with known or suspected CAD referred for exercise stress testing has been poorly explored. In this study, 17,100 patients aged > or = 50 ...
Itani Salam - - 2010
Exercise myocardial perfusion imaging (E-MPI) and exercise echocardiography (E-Echo) are thought to be compatible for the non-invasive evaluation of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). The interaction of gender and clinical risk profile in the referral of patients to either of these two imaging modalities has not been well ...
Kosydar-Piechna Magdalena - - 2010
This study was designed to examine the influence of exercise training on leptin levels in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Sixty-four male patients, mean age 55.6 ± 6.0 years, were randomized either to six weeks of aerobic training, three times a week, at 60-80% of maximal heart rate ...
Chang Rei-Yeuh - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a six-month Tai Chi (TC) exercise cardiac rehabilitation program on two prognostic factors of cardiac events, rate-pressure product and rate-pressure product reserve, in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients (N = 54) with CAD were recruited from ...
Vukcevic Vladan V Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, - - 2010
CardioBip (CB) is a hand-held patient-activated device for recording and wireless transmission of reconstructed 12-lead ECG (12CB) based on patient specific matrices. It has 5 contact points: 3 precordial and 2 on the device top serving as limb leads when touched by index fingers. To determine whether CB could be ...
Kanning Martina - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Although regular exercise is important for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), most CAD patients are not sufficiently active. The transtheoretical model offers a framework for the process of exercise behaviour change. But until today, it is not clear which processes of exercise behaviour change (POC) support CAD patients ...
Peteiro Jesús - - 2010
Although peak may have higher sensitivity than post-treadmill exercise echocardiography (EE) for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD), its prognostic value remains unknown. We sought to assess the relative values of peak and post-EE for predicting outcome in patients with known/suspected CAD. We studied 2947 patients who underwent EE. ...
Sung Jidong - - 2009
Arterial stiffness is an important contributor to the development of cardiovascular disease. We investigated the effect of short duration exercise using the treadmill test on arterial stiffness in the presence of coronary artery disease. We enrolled patients with and without coronary artery diseases (CAD and control group, 50 patients each) ...
Takagi Tsutomu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prolongation of the time to peak strain (TPS) is a sensitive marker of myocardial ischemia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether delayed strain imaging obtained at 5 min after the termination of exercise stress can detect patients with significant coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A total ...
Edwards Jason M - - 2010
Stenting attenuates restenosis, but accelerated coronary artery disease (CAD) adjacent to the stent (peri-stent CAD) remains a concern in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Smooth muscle cell proliferation, a major mechanism of CAD, is mediated partly by myoplasmic Ca2+ dysregulation and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) via canonical transient receptor potential 1 (TRPC1) ...
Danzig V - - 2010
As traditional risk factors are unable to fully explain the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD), novel mechanisms became a target of many investigations. Our aim was to study the response of selected markers to physical exercise. High-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP-2, MMP-9), advanced oxidation ...
Tajima Akihiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to determine if the slowed exercise oxygen uptake (VO(2)) kinetics, which is developed by myocardial ischemia, would be accompanied by delayed recovery VO(2) kinetics in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients with significant ST depression during treadmill ...
Soleimani A - - 2009
AIM: Exercise capacity after training has been reported to improve after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different sessions of an exercise-based CR program on exercise capacity in CAD patients after elective percutaneous transluminal coronary ...
Pundziute Gabija - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To perform a head-to-head comparison between signs of ischemia during bicycle exercise testing and coronary atherosclerosis on multislice computed tomography (MSCT) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Two hundred and one patients underwent exercise testing, followed by 64-slice MSCT. A subgroup of 63 (31%) patients also ...
Chequer G - - 2009
Endothelial function (EF) plays an important role in the onset and clinical course of atherosclerosis, although its relationship with the presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been well defined. We evaluated EF and the ST segment response to an exercise test in patients with a broad ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the prolongation of exercise sessions (from 40 to 60 minutes) on training adherence in the rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: In this prospective, randomized clinical trial, 417 CAD patients (mean age = 63 +/- ...
Connell Cathleen M - - 2009
Despite the importance of self-care for dementia caregivers, few interventions have included a focus on health behaviors. The current study reports outcomes of a telephone-based exercise intervention designed for women caring for a spouse with dementia. Caregivers (N = 137) were randomized to intervention or control conditions. Participants with at ...
Slawnych Michael P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the utility of T-wave alternans (TWA) assessment in the immediate post-exercise period to identify and validate cutpoints for the modified moving average (MMA) assessment method. BACKGROUND: The presence of TWA is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death (CVD). The immediate post-exercise period, where ...
Tulloch Heather - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of protection motivation theory (PMT) in the prediction of exercise intentions and behaviour in the year following hospitalisation for coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients with documented CAD (n = 787), recruited at hospital discharge, completed questionnaires measuring PMT's threat (i.e. ...
Chaudhry Sundeep - - 2011
Evidence demonstrating the potential value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to accurately detect myocardial ischemia secondary to macro-vascular disease is beginning to emerge. Despite distinct mechanisms mediating ischemia in micro-vascular and macrovascular coronary artery disease (CAD), the net physiologic effect of exercise-induced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is common to both. ...
Gómez Carlos - - 2009
This study was designed to analyze the magnetoencephalogram (MEG) background activity from 20 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 21 control subjects by using two nonlinear methods: sample entropy (SampEn), and Lempel-Ziv complexity (LZC). The former quantifies the signal regularity, and the latter is a complexity measure. The signals ...
Throndson Karen - - 2009
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a safe, effective, non-surgical treatment for coronary artery disease (CAD). The demand for PCI has increased exponentially since the 1980s and it has become the treatment of choice for many individuals with CAD. Since PCI is not a cure, secondary prevention strategies are critical to ...
Namdar Mehdi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Caffeine is one of the most widely consumed pharmacologically active substances. Its acute effect on myocardial blood flow is widely unknown. Our aim was to assess the acute effect of caffeine in a dose corresponding to two cups of coffee on myocardial blood flow (MBF) in coronary artery disease ...
Romano L - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare iomeprol-400 and iodixanol-320 for contrast enhancement and safety in patients undergoing liver multidetector CT (MDCT). 183 patients undergoing MDCT received equi-iodine (40 gI) iomeprol-400 (n = 91) or iodixanol-320 (n = 92) IV at 4 ml s(-1). Two off-site, independent, blinded readers ...
Svart Kati - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The performance of exercise electrocardiography (ECG) for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in women has been limited. The recently developed computerized variable, ST-segment depression/heart rate (ST/HR) hysteresis, has been proved to detect CAD in men more accurately than traditional methods. However, the diagnostic performance of ST/HR hysteresis ...
Innocenti Francesca - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the feasibility of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and exercise stress test (EST) between patients in different age groups and to evaluate their proportional prognostic value in a population with established coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The study sample included 323 subjects, ...
Feng Yu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Normokalaemic periodic paralysis (normoKPP) is characterized by transient and recurrent myoasthenia, and some patients also show muscle stiffness induced by cold exposure (paramyotonia congenita, PMC). It is caused by a mutation in the muscle voltage gated sodium channel alpha subunit (SCN4A) gene. Due to the diversity of the clinical ...
Michaelides Andreas P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery (HRR) has been identified as a reliable predictor of cardiac mortality, correlated with autonomic tone. In a model of sequential exercise testings, we investigated the reproducibility of HRR and the association between HRR modification and myocardial adaptation to ischemia. METHODS: We studied 128 patients (mean age ...
Bokhari Sabahat - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Wide variations in the sensitivity and specificity of the exercise ECG for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) have been reported. The aim of this study was to reexamine the sensitivity and specificity of the stress ECG and stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) relative to cardiac catheterization in ...
Tsougos Elias - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Ischemia affects the left ventricular (LV) diastolic function earlier than the systolic function. The ratio of the early diastolic transmitral velocity to the early diastolic tissue velocity (E/E') measured by tissue Doppler echocardiography allows a reliable assessment of the diastolic function. We investigated whether exercise-induced changes in E/E' ratio ...
Kim June Hong - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We examined the ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) level during exercise in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Forty patients with a history of chest pain underwent both symptom-limited treadmill exercise stress testing and coronary angiography within one week. During the treadmill tests, blood samples were obtained at baseline and ...
Marten K - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) tool compared to human observers in quantification of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in patients with collagen-vascular disorders. A total of 52 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (n=24), scleroderma (n=14) and systemic lupus erythematosus (n=14) underwent thin-section CT. Two independent ...
Sixt Sebastian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is associated with endothelial dysfunction and upregulation of inflammatory markers, which is potentially reversible by adequate treatment. It was our aim to compare the impact of exercise training with that of rosiglitazone on endothelial function and inflammatory markers in patients with IGT and coronary artery ...
Johnson Nils P - - 2008
The relative impact of body mass index (BMI) and exercise capacity on mortality in patients with an intermediate to high likelihood of coronary artery disease (CAD) is not clear. Thus, the effect of BMI and exercise capacity on all-cause mortality in patients referred for stress myocardial perfusion imaging was investigated. ...
Castro Dinorah Piacentini Engel - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the learning effect in standard automated perimetry using SITA strategy, central 24-2 program, possible associated factors and spatial distribution in individuals with no perimetry experience. METHODS: A total of 55 healthy subjects were submitted to Humphrey perimetry in two different sessions in one day. Reliability and global ...
Deschenes Majorie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Workload is extensively regulated and often used as a measure of quality in gynecologic cytology. Whether workload correlates with the sensitivity of screening in gynecologic cytology is not known. METHODS: The sensitivity of gynecologic cytology screening was measured over an 8-month period using the result of full screening coupled ...
Saleem Tahir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of exercise tolerance test (ETT) of Saudi women and assess their exercise capacity. METHODS: A hospital based retrospective cohort analysis was carried out on all Saudi women referred to the Cardiology Department for ETT from February 2005 to June 2007. They underwent symptom limited treadmill ...
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