Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 515
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Sugiura T - - 1987
To evaluate diastolic time during uninterrupted upright exercise, 28 normal volunteers (group 1) and 12 men with coronary artery disease (group 2) were studied by ear densitography. Electromechanical systole-heart rate and diastolic time-heart rate regression equations during upright exercise were obtained from group 1. Electromechanical systole-heart rate had an inverse ...
Weiner D A - - 1987
To evaluate the significance of ischemic ST-segment depression without associated chest pain during exercise testing, data were analyzed from 2,982 patients from the Coronary Artery Surgery Study (CASS) registry who underwent coronary arteriography and exercise testing and were followed up for 7 years. Patients with proved coronary artery disease (CAD) ...
Fuller T - - 1987
Exercise testing has changed dramatically in scope over the past 50 years. While initially used to assess functional capacity, it is now also utilized to detect the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), to evaluate postmyocardial infarction patients at risk for future cardiac events, to screen certain asymptomatic ...
Wahl R L - - 1987
Right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) determinations at rest (R) and exercise (E) are a means of demonstrating exercise-induced RV dysfunction. Not all patients are able to maintain peak (P) cardiac workloads during a gated RVEF study or, if a first-pass study is performed, for multiple acquisitions. Reductions from P cardiac ...
Vandenbossche J L - - 1987
Little information is available regarding left ventricular (LV) functional recovery from treadmill exercise. Accordingly, we used a recently described ultrasound index of LV function, the isovolumic index (IVI), to assess LV performance before and after exercise in 9 normal middle-aged men and 12 male patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). ...
Furuse T - - 1987
In lead CM5, the Q-wave response to exercise has been reported as an effective index in predicting coronary artery disease (CAD) and CAD with left anterior descending (LAD) disease. The purpose of this study was to verify these findings when the Q wave was analyzed in lead CC5 in 135 ...
Coy K M - - 1987
The usefulness of prolonged ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring (AEM) for detecting ischemia was investigated in 17 asymptomatic men who had ischemic-type ST-segment depression (greater than or equal to 2.0 mm) during treadmill exercise testing. No patient took anti-ischemic medications and all patients underwent coronary angiography. A total of 1,154 hours (range ...
Mehta N - - 1986
Left ventricular (LV) function was assessed by Doppler ultrasound measurement of ascending aortic blood velocity and maximal acceleration in 165 patients 3 to 4 weeks after acute myocardial infarction (AMI); all were undergoing routine 12-lead electrocardiogram exercise stress testing. Patients were grouped according to electrocardiographic stress test response; a positive ...
Ferro G - - 1986
We investigated the relationship between QT interval and QS2 (electromechanical systole) during exercise and recovery in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and exercise-induced myocardial ischemia (n = 12), and in age-matched controls (n = 20). Upright bicycle exercise was performed (50 watts/min + 20 watts/min every 2 min), recording ...
Iskandrian A S - - 1986
This study examined the changes during exercise in LV EF and P/V relationship (systolic blood pressure/end-systolic volume index ratio) in 287 patients. Normal range (mean +/- standard deviation) for exercise EF, exercise P/V, and the changes from rest to exercise (delta) in EF and P/V were established in 51 subjects ...
Yokota M - - 1986
Near-maximal treadmill exercise testing was performed on 26 normal individuals (NL) and 78 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) using a modified Bruce's protocol. Exercise-induced changes in orthogonal P wave measurements were made automatically, using an averaging technique, immediately before and 30 sec after treadmill exercise to assess their diagnostic ...
Bryg R J - - 1986
Recent advances in Doppler echocardiography have made possible noninvasive determination of stroke volume, cardiac output and peak ejection velocity at rest. To determine the ability of Doppler to measure these variables and the effect of altered left ventricular (LV) function during upright treadmill exercise, 20 normal subjects (group I) and ...
Schneider R M - - 1986
The hypothesis that serial assessment of left ventricular function during exercise radionuclide angiography provides improved diagnostic criteria for coronary artery disease (CAD) was examined. Fifty-eight consecutive patients without previous myocardial infarction were prospectively scheduled for cardiac catheterization and multistage radionuclide angiographic exercise studies. Forty-one patients had significant CAD. The traditional ...
Romano M - - 1986
Significance and clinical usefulness of exercise-induced changes of noninvasive left ventricular ejection time, recorded by mechanocardiography, in detecting coronary artery disease is still controversial. We investigated the changes of the left ventricular ejection time (LVET), corrected for heart rate as ETI (LVET/square root RR), after a standard 4-min exercise by ...
Campbell S - - 1986
The management of asymptomatic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is controversial, and the level of "activity" of their CAD during normal daily life remains largely unknown. To examine this question, ambulatory Holter monitoring of ST segments was performed out of the hospital in 7 asymptomatic subjects with CAD during ...
Crow R S - - 1986
The association between coronary heart disease (CAD) risk factors with submaximal exercise performance was examined among 12,866 men at high risk in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT). Men were selected from a risk score based on serum cholesterol level, diastolic blood pressure and number of cigarettes smoked per ...
Fujita T - - 1986
Since a dynamic exercise stress test cannot always be performed adequately in elderly patients, an alternative method is needed for evaluation of coronary reserve. We studied two-dimensional echocardiographic (2-DE) and electrocardiographic (ECG) responses to infusion of isoproterenol (ISP) at a rate of 0.02 micrograms/Kg/min in 40 elderly patients with chest ...
Schneider R M - - 1986
To characterize determinants of the rate of recovery of left ventricular (LV) function after exercise-induced ischemia, sequential postexercise radionuclide angiography was performed prospectively in 38 consecutive patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD). In each patient new or increased regional asynergy developed or absolute ejection fraction decreased at least 4% ...
Weintraub W S - - 1986
To evaluate the utility of exercise radionuclide angiography (RNA) and electrocardiography in assessing the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), 185 patients undergoing coronary angiography were studied prospectively. To avoid work-up bias and to provide an appropriate control group, all patients were simultaneously scheduled for exercise RNA and electrocardiography and ...
Hakki A H - - 1986
This study evaluated the effect of gender on left ventricular (LV) function in 84 men and 20 women with coronary artery disease (CAD) (greater than or equal to 50% luminal narrowing of one or more of the major coronary arteries). All patients underwent rest and upright exercise radionuclide ventriculography on ...
Elliott B M - - 1986
One hundred eleven impotent men and 25 potent men were prospectively evaluated with a standardized exercise treadmill test (SETT) used to noninvasively define their pelvic hemodynamics. Fifty-six men had vasculogenic impotence, whereas the remaining 55 had erectile dysfunction resulting from undetermined causes (31), psychogenic factors (10), or other identifiable reasons ...
Eldridge J E - - 1986
This study was conducted to determine if the limiting symptom in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) influenced the pattern of oxygen consumption (VO2) over the final 90 seconds of a maximal exercise test. The pattern was classified according to the presence or absence of a plateau. Twenty-six normal persons ...
Iliceto S - - 1986
Two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiography during transesophageal atrial pacing (TAP) was recently proposed as an alternative to exercise 2-D echocardiography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). To compare these 2 methods, 78 consecutive patients with good-quality echocardiographic (echo) examinations at rest were studied. Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed immediately after supine ...
Kaul S - - 1986
Measurement of myocardial clearance rates between initial and delayed images is a major justification for adding computer quantification to the interpretation of exercise 201TI images. To clarify the range of normal thallium clearance and its relationship to the level of exercise achieved, exercise thallium images in 89 normal subjects were ...
Hakki A H - - 1986
This study assessed the determinants of exercise-induced abnormal systolic blood pressure (BP) response in 127 patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent exercise thallium-201 scintigraphy. Three types of systolic BP response to exercise were identified: an increase by more than 20 mm Hg (group I, n = 74); ...
Knight J R - - 1986
Fifty patients with an exercise test positive for coronary artery disease (CAD) were analyzed for the presence of a long Q-T interval corrected for heart rate (Q-Tc). While there were only 3 patients with a long Q-Tc (6%) in the resting ECG, with the exercise test their number increased to ...
Sekuler R - - 1986
Many patients with multiple sclerosis have subjective visual complaints that are intensified by exercise (Uhthoff's symptom). We report a case demonstrating the utility of contrast sensitivity testing in such visual complaints. Contrast sensitivity was measured before and after exercise in a multiple sclerosis patient with Uhthoff's symptom and in two ...
Wahl R L - - 1986
Exercise-induced increases in pulmonary uptake of thallium-201 (201Tl) have been associated with exercise-induced myocardial dysfunction. To evaluate this phenomenon more replicably, a quantitative semi-automated computer program was used to generate, from anterior exercise and delayed views, lung-myocardial ratios (LMR) of 201Tl uptake in 78 patients [40 normal, 38 with coronary ...
Lam J C - - 1985
Early postexercise polarcardiographic (PCG) changes in the ST segment vector, as reflected in the variable MS X theta, are reported to clearly distinguish normal subjects from those with myocardial ischemia. We prospectively assessed the value of this test in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) during treadmill exercise in 178 patients ...
Sox H C HC - - 1985
The interpretation and selection of exercise tests depends on the pretest probability of CAD. Imperfect tests (like exercise tests) provide probability estimates, not definite statements (such as "the patient has CAD" or "the patient does not have CAD"). In patients with a low pretest probability of CAD (asymptomatic persons or ...
Vasey C - - 1985
The records of 2,584 consecutive patients who underwent both treadmill exercise testing and coronary cineangiography were reviewed to determine the relation between exercise-induced, acceleration-dependent left bundle branch block (LBBB) and the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). Rate-dependent LBBB during exercise was identified in 28 patients (1.1%), who were categorized ...
Romano M - - 1985
The relation between heart rate and QT interval during dynamic upright exercise on a bicycle ergometer was investigated in control subjects (n = 18) and in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), stable angina on effort, and angiographically documented significant coronary stenoses (n = 23). Both groups had a significant ...
Kligfield P - - 1985
A rate-related change in ST-segment depression with exercise (ST/HR slope) of 6.0 microV/beat/min or more has been proposed as an accurate predictor of 3-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD). To further assess the accuracy and functional correlates of this method, exercise electrocardiograms were compared with radionuclide rest and exercise left ventricular ...
Oberman A - - 1985
Longitudinal population studies have consistently demonstrated an association between sedentary lifestyles and the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD). Diverse lines of evidence from clinical and experimental studies further implicate physical inactivity as an important risk factor for CAD. The relation between physical inactivity and CAD appears to be curvilinear ...
Okin P M - - 1985
Exercise electrocardiography has relatively poor specificity and predictive accuracy for 3-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) when conventional diagnostic criteria are used. However, electrocardiographic evaluation using linear regression analysis of the heart-rate (HR)-related change in ST-segment depression (ST/HR slope) is reported to accurately distinguish patients with from those without CAD, and ...
Ho S W - - 1985
Maximal treadmill testing was carried out in 50 patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease (CAD) in the presence and absence of beta-adrenoceptor blockade. The results were related to the extent of CAD and interpreted relative to the clinical value of exercise testing. Maximal heart rate and systolic blood pressure ...
Green M S - - 1985
The exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) is frequently used as a screening tool for coronary artery disease (CAD) in epidemiological studies and routine health evaluation. Estimates of the validity of this diagnostic test have usually been obtained by correlating the exercise ECG with the results of coronary angiography. However, coronary angiography is ...
Tamaki N - - 1985
To assess the value of myocardial-perfusion positron computed tomography (PCT) for the evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD), 13N-ammonia PCT using a whole-body multislice PCT device was performed at rest and during exercise in 6 normal subjects and 19 patients with angiographically documented CAD. The 13N-ammonia distribution in the myocardium ...
Amon K W - - 1984
The normal decline in systolic blood pressure (SBP) during the recovery phase of treadmill exercise does not occur in some patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). In others the recovery values of SBP exceed the peak exercise values. To examine the diagnostic value of this observation, we studied 31 normal ...
de Caprio L - - 1984
The correlation between R wave voltage variations (delta R) and the angiographic severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) at progressively increasing heart rate (HR) steps was evaluated in 51 patients (pts) without CAD (OV), in 42 pts with single (SVD), in 43 with double (DVD) and in 59 pts with ...
Voyles W F - - 1984
The reproducibility of the direction of R wave amplitude response to exercise was analyzed in patients with coronary artery disease. Forty-three serial exercise tests were performed by 10 patients with exertional angina pectoris and documented coronary artery disease (CAD). Seventeen tests (37%) resulted in no change or an increase in ...
Milanes J C - - 1984
Because the clinical diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in the presence of aortic stenosis (AS) is difficult, the value of exercise gated nuclear angiography in detecting CAD in 33 patients with AS was assessed. Exercise left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and wall motion analysis were evaluated after symptom-limited ...
Gibbons R J - - 1984
A simple method for the assessment of regional left ventricular (LV) function using gated radionuclide angiography is described. The method divides the LV region of interest in the left anterior oblique view into quadrants using a count-weighted center point and a transparent overlay. The regional ejection fraction (EF) was determined ...
Wiens R D - - 1984
Chronotropic incompetence has been found to be an important predictor of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, few data define the normal heart rate response to progressive exercise and allow a clear definition of chronotropic incompetence. In this study, 312 patients who underwent an exercise stress test and coronary angiography ...
Heller G V - - 1984
Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes during graded pacing-induced tachycardia have been considered unreliable as a test for the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) because of poor sensitivity and specificity. As a result, atrial pacing has not been widely used as an alternative to exercise testing. However, the limited value of the ...
Fox R M - - 1984
The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of exercise electrocardiography in predicting the site of myocardial ischemia. Fifty-two patients were studied who had angiographically documented 1-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and exercise-induced reversible thallium-201 perfusion defects. The patients were divided into 2 groups: group I (28 patients) ...
Norris S L - - 1984
Phase standard deviation (SD) and skew characteristics of the first Fourier harmonic of equilibrium radionuclide volume curves were examined and compared during rest and during supine bicycle exercise with ejection fraction (EF) changes and the development of ischemia in 17 control subjects and in 2 groups of patients (n = ...
Dymond D S - - 1984
Eleven patients without significant coronary artery disease (CAD) (group A), 22 patients with significant CAD and no prior myocardial infarction (MI) (group B), and 10 patients with CAD and a previous MI (group C) were imaged at rest, at peak exercise and immediately after exercise by first-pass radionuclide angiography. At ...
Kramer W - - 1984
The effect of hemodialysis (HD) on left ventricular (LV) function and exercise tolerance were measured at rest and during exercise using gated equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography in seven patients with confirmed coronary artery disease (CAD). To separate the effects of fluid removal rate on LV function in CAD, we investigated the ...
Burke J F - - 1984
To determine the usefulness of exercise cardiokymography (CKG) compared to thallium-201 perfusion scanning in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), 179 patients with a mean age of 54 +/- 10 years (73% men) were studied. Previously documented CAD was present in 73 patients (41%); 13 (7%) were asymptomatic and ...
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