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Dionísio T J TJ Department of Physiological Science, Federal University of São Carlos - UFSCAR, São Carlos, - - 2014
This study investigated how proteins of the insulin signaling cascade could modulate insulin resistance after dexamethasone (Dexa) treatment and aerobic training. Rats were distributed into 4 groups: sedentary control (SC), sedentary+Dexa (SD), trained control (TC), and trained+Dexa (TD), and underwent aerobic training for 70 days or remained sedentary. Dexa was ...
Mohammadi Fatemeh F Midwifery Department, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of home-based low-intensity stretching and breathing exercises on the reduction of 1 and 2 month post-partum depression (primary outcome) and fatigue (secondary outcome) scores. In this randomized controlled trial, 127 women at 26-32 weeks' gestation with Edinburgh score less than 15, who attended ...
Courneya Kerry S KS Physical Education, University of - - 2014
Background: Exercise may improve psychosocial distress in cancer patients; however, few studies have examined the effects of different types or doses of exercise, or whether exercise effects are related to baseline depression levels. Methods: In a multicenter trial in Canada, we randomized 301 breast cancer patients initiating chemotherapy to thrice ...
Mura Gioia G 1 Department of Public Health, Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, - - 2014
Antidepressants are currently the treatment of choice for major depressive disorder (MDD). Nevertheless, a high percentage of patients do not respond to a first-line antidepressant drug, and combination treatments and augmentation strategies increase the risk of side effects. Moreover, a significant proportion of patients are treatment-resistant. In the last 30 ...
Eng Janice J JJ 1Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Objective:The objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that examined the effects of structured exercise on depressive symptoms in stroke patients.Methods:We searched for published randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effect of structured exercise programs (e.g. functional, resistance, or aerobic training) on depressive symptoms. The mean ...
Combs Kory K *Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; †Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; and ‡Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of exercise and sertraline on disordered sleep in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods The Standard Medical Intervention and Long-term Exercise study randomized the patients with MDD (n = 202) to one of four arms: a) supervised exercise, b) ...
Schuch Felipe Barreto FB Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas: Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil, - - 2014
Exercise can be an effective treatment for depression. Although the efficacy of exercise is well established, little is known concerning the biological changes associated with the antidepressant effects of exercise. A randomized, controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of adding exercise to the usual treatment on the thiobarbituric ...
Uçar Demet Erdo─čan DE Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dicle University Medical Faculty, Diyarbakir, - - 2014
Treadmill training with partial body weight support has been suggested as a useful strategy for gait rehabilitation after stroke. This prospective, randomized, controlled study of gait training tested the feasibility and potential efficacy of using a robotic-assisted gait device, Lokomat, for treadmill training with partial body weight support in subjects ...
Siu Ka-Chun KC Division of Physical Therapy Education, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha - - 2014
Increasing evidence underscores the health benefits of Tai Chi (TC), although there is limited evidence of benefits among racial/ethnic minorities. This study investigated the impact of psychosocial status on balance among 23 Latino seniors after a twice-a-week, 12-week TC exercise program. Functional status was measured at baseline, immediately after, and ...
Ellard David R - - 2014
The 'Older People's Exercise intervention in Residential and nursing Accommodation' (OPERA) cluster randomised trial evaluated the impact of training for care home staff together with twice-weekly, physiotherapist-led exercise classes on depressive symptoms in care home residents, but found no effect. We report a process evaluation exploring potential explanations for the ...
García Osvaldo - - 2014
Regular physical exercise improves quality of life and benefits the body´s organs and systems: it tones and strengthens muscles; improves joint function; contributes to healthier heart and lungs; increases resistance to fatigue, and thus capacity for both physical and mental exertion; helps combat anxiety, depression and stress; improves sleep patterns; ...
Sardar Mohammad Ali MA Department of General Courses, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the effects of aerobic exercise training on psychosocial aspects (mental health, the aspects of physical symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social functioning, and depression) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 53 men who had type 2 diabetes mellitus for a mean duration of the ...
Muotri Ricardo W RW Anxiety Disorders Program, Institute of Psychiatry and Department of Psychiatry, Universidade de São Paulo, São PauloSP, Brazil, Anxiety Disorders Program, Institute of Psychiatry and Department of Psychiatry, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objectives: 1) To identify whether patients with panic disorder in general and those with the respiratory subtype in particular actively avoid exercise; 2) to investigate physiological differences in cardiopulmonary function parameters in patients with panic disorder in general, patients with the respiratory subtype of panic disorder, and healthy controls upon ...
Edman Jeanne L - - 2014
Depression is a common psychological problem and females have been found to be at greater risk for this disorder than males. Although numerous studies have found that physical exercise is negatively associated with risk of depression, some studies suggest that negative exercise attitudes may increase the risk of depression. The ...
Behrman Sophie - - 2014
As the tolerability of pharmacological agents decreases with age, exercise may be particularly helpful as a possible treatment or stabiliser of mood and cognitive function in older age. Exercise has been most commonly evaluated for the treatment of depression. Exercise interventions designed primarily for treatment of physical conditions in the ...
Koslik Hayley J HJ Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of - - 2014
Approximately 1/3 of 1990-1 Gulf War veterans developed chronic multisymptom health problems. Implicated exposures bear mechanisms that adversely affect mitochondria. Symptoms emphasize fatigue, cognition and muscle (brain and muscle are aerobically demanding); with protean additional domains affected, compatible with mitochondrial impairment. Recent evidence supports treatments targeting cell bioenergetics (coenzyme10) to ...
Park Se-Yeon SY Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2013
As no study has examined whether the branches of the latissimus dorsi are activated differently in different exercises, we investigated intramuscular differences of components of the latissimus dorsi during various shoulder isometric exercises. Seventeen male subjects performed four isometric exercises: shoulder extension, adduction, internal rotation, and shoulder depression. Surface electromyography ...
Karabay Can Yucel CY Kartal Kosuyolu Heart and Research Hospital, Cardiology Department, Istanbul, - - 2013
Although a treadmill exercise stress testing (EST) is often the first-line screening procedure for subjects with an intermediate probability of coronary artery disease (CAD), one limitation of this test is the high rate of inconclusive tests that result from borderline exercise-induced ST changes. The carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) correlates ...
Schuch Felipe Barreto FB a Exercise Research Laboratory , Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre , RS , - - 2013
Abstract Several studies have evaluated the relation of exercise to Quality of Life (QoL). To our knowledge, no study, however, has evaluated the relation of water-based exercise to depressive symptoms and QoL, or the association between improvement in QoL and depressive symptoms in healthy women. The purpose of this study ...
Casuso Rafael A - - 2013
It was investigated whether oral dexamethasone (DEX) administration improves exercise performance by reducing the initial rate of muscle fatigue development during dynamic exercise. Using a double-blinded placebo controlled randomized crossover design, subjects ingested either 2 × 2 mg of DEX or placebo for five consecutive days. Muscle function was investigated using one-legged kicking ...
Zoeckler Natalie N Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University, Marburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients' beliefs about their disease have been associated with emotional adjustment and outcomes in several severe illnesses. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether illness perceptions before pulmonary rehabilitation influence exercise capacity and quality of life after rehabilitation in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ...
Ida Megumi - - 2013
The efficacy of physical exercise as an augmentation to pharmacotherapy with antidepressants for depressive patients has been documented. However, to clarify the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of depression, it is necessary to distinguish the effect of the exercise itself from the effect of group dynamics. Furthermore, an objective ...
Yoon Jung Eun JE Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive activity combined with active physical exercise for a sample of older adults with dementia. [Subjects] A convenience sample of 30 patients with dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination score between 16 and 23) was used. Participants were randomly allocated ...
Ryan Michael - - 2013
To investigate the effectiveness of a physiotherapy-based exercise program versus dexamethasone injection for chronic plantar fasciopathy in workers standing for prolonged periods of time. A parallel group nonblinded randomized controlled trial with 12-week follow-up. An outpatient sports medicine clinic in Vancouver, Canada. Fifty-six workers required to stand for greater than ...
Briken S - - 2013
Exercise may have beneficial effects on both well-being and walking ability in multiple sclerosis (MS). Exercise is shown to be neuroprotective in rodents and may also enhance cognitive function in humans. It may, therefore, be particularly useful for MS patients with pronounced neurodegeneration. To investigate the potential of standardized exercise ...
Park A - - 2013
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease. Increasing evidence shows that physical exercise is beneficial for motor and non-motor symptoms of PD, and animal models suggest that it may help slow progression of disease. Using a randomized delayed-start design, 31 patients were randomized to an early start group (ESG) ...
Feinstein Anthony - - 2013
The present review focuses on exercise as a treatment for depression in multiple sclerosis. While exercise has emerged as a potentially useful treatment in the general psychiatry-depression literature, the findings from a small number of multiple sclerosis-related treatment trials are equivocal. Methodological limitations, including the absence of depression as a ...
Cheon Sang-Myung SM Department of Neurology, Dong-A University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2013
Exercise is recommended for every patient with Parkinson's disease (PD). The effectiveness of two different forms of exercise for PD, Tai Chi and combined stretching-strengthening exercise, was compared. Patients with mild-to-moderate PD were recruited to join either the combined stretching-strengthening exercise group (n=7), the Tai Chi group (n=9), or the ...
Stanton Robert - - 2013
A substantial body of evidence supports the role of exercise interventions for people with a mental illness. However, much of this literature is conducted using outpatient and community-based populations. We undertook a systematic review examining the effect of exercise interventions on the health of people hospitalized with depression, schizophrenia, bipolar ...
Cooney Gary M - - 2013
Depression is a common and important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Depression is commonly treated with antidepressants and/or psychological therapy, but some people may prefer alternative approaches such as exercise. There are a number of theoretical reasons why exercise may improve depression. This is an update of an earlier ...
Heerema-Poelman Ankie - - 2013
To evaluate adherence to a maintenance exercise program in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and explore predictors for adherence. Seventy patients with COPD were referred to a home-care maintenance exercise program after completing pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in the rehabilitation center. Adherence (yes/no) to the maintenance program was assessed ...
Lalonde François - - 2013
Exercise-induced ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can be assessed with the second exercise stress test during sequential testing. Exercise-induced IPC is defined as the time to 1 mm ST segment depression (STD), the rate-pressure product (RPP) at 1 mm STD, the maximal ST depression and the rate-pressure product at peak exercise. The purpose of ...
Sinnott Carol - - 2013
Introduction: Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. It is recommended that exercise is incorporated into the management of patients with depression, but it is not clear how best to implement this recommendation in clinical practice. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate a pragmatic educational intervention ...
Clum Gretchen A - - 2013
This article explores cross-sectional associations between depressive symptoms and body mass index (BMI) in women working in schools in the Greater New Orleans area. Self-efficacy for eating and exercise, eating styles, and exercise are examined as potential pathways. This is a secondary data analysis of 743 women who were participating ...
Giannaki Christoforos D - - 2013
Uraemic restless legs syndrome (RLS) affects a significant proportion of patients receiving haemodialysis (HD) therapy. Exercise training has been shown to improve RLS symptoms in uraemic RLS patients; however, the mechanism of exercise-induced changes in RLS severity is still unknown. The aim of the current randomized controlled exercise trial was ...
Stanton Robert - - 2013
A substantial body of evidence supports the value of exercise in the treatment of people with depression. The guidelines for exercise prescription, however, are limited, and based on those developed for healthy populations. This article explores the evidence for exercise in the treatment of depression and the role mental health ...
Krogh Jesper - - 2013
High vasopressin levels and a correlation between vasopressin and cortisol has been observed in patients with depression. The aim was to assess copeptin, the c-terminal of provasopressin, and the association between cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and copeptin in patients with depression. Secondly, to examine the copeptin response to acute exercise ...
Gaston Anca - - 2013
Negative psychological states such as depression, fatigue and anxiety are experienced by many women during pregnancy. This study examined whether engaging in an exercise programme during pregnancy is associated with improvements in psychological well-being among previously inactive women (n = 56, M age = 30.34, SD = 4.57; M weeks pregnant = 22.58, SD = 5.32). Participants completed the Profile ...
Mitrou Georgia I - - 2013
Depression, a mental disorder with a high personal, societal, and economic impact, affects at least 20-30% of patients receiving hemodialysis therapy. It is associated with a high mortality rate, low adherence to medication, and a low perceived quality of life. Exercise training is a promising nonpharmacological intervention that can be ...
Staniute Margarita - - 2013
Objective:The study objective was to evaluate the relationship of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with fatigue and exercise capacity in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.Methods:A total of 1072 consecutive CAD patients on admission to a cardiac rehabilitation program were evaluated for HRQoL (36-item Short Form Medical Outcome Questionnaire; SF-36), body ...
Stanton Robert - - 2013
Objectives: There is growing evidence regarding the efficacy of exercise as a treatment strategy for patients with depression. This paper summarises the benefits of both cardiovascular and resistance exercise for patients with depression. Design: A narrative review design was employed. Supporting literature for the individual and combined benefits of both ...
Dulfer Karolijn - - 2013
Children and adolescents operated upon for congenital heart disease (ConHD) may show reduced exercise capacity and physical activity, possibly associated with lowered self-esteem and quality of life (QoL). The studies into associations between these parameters have not been reviewed before. Review of studies into associations between exercise capacity, physical activity, ...
Park Se-Yeon - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare muscular activation during five different normalization techniques that induced maximal isometric contraction of the latissimus dorsi. Sixteen healthy men participated in the study. Each participant performed three repetitions each of five types of isometric exertion: (1) conventional shoulder extension in the prone ...
Ergun M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the effects of exercise on angiogenesis and apoptosis-related molecules, quality of life, fatigue and depression in patients who completed breast cancer treatment. Sixty breast cancer patients were randomised into three groups, as supervised exercise group, home exercise group and education group. Angiogenesis ...
Davidson Collin L - - 2013
Suicide has a large public health impact. Although effective interventions exist, the many people at risk for suicide cannot access these interventions. Exercise interventions hold promise in terms of reducing suicide because of their ease of implementation. While exercise reduces depression, and reductions in depressive symptoms are linked to reduced ...
van der Waerden Judith E B - - 2013
Exercise may have both a preventive and a therapeutic impact on mental health problems. The Exercise without Worries intervention aims to reduce stress and depressive symptoms in low-SES women by means of a group-based program combining physical exercise and psycho-education. Between September 2005 and May 2008, 161 Dutch low-SES women ...
Rethorst Chad D - - 2013
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a source of great disease burden, due in part to the limited accessibility and effectiveness of current treatments. Although current treatments are efficacious in a segment of the population with MDD, there is a clear need for alternative and augmentation treatment strategies. Exercise is one ...
Stanton Robert - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: There is growing interest in the use of exercise in the treatment of depression. A number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated a reduction in depressive symptoms with both aerobic and non-aerobic exercise interventions. This has been supported in a number of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. However, the ...
Pereira Daniele Sirineu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of two standardized exercise programs, muscle strength training (SE) and aerobic training (AE), on the plasma levels of BDNF and depressive symptoms in 451 elderly women (ReBEC:RBR9v9cwf). DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community-dwelling older women, Belo Horizonte/MG - Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 451 community-dwelling older women ...
Vancampfort Davy - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Since a distorted body experience and a sedentary lifestyle are central in the course of binge eating disorder (BED), physical therapy might be an interesting add-on treatment. The aim of this study was to systematically review randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating physical therapy on binge eating and physical ...
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