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Robinson Brad B Nemours Cardiac Center, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, P.O. Box 269, Wilmington, DE, 19899, USA, - - 2014
Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are considered benign in patients with structurally normal hearts, particularly if they suppress with exercise. Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) requires exercise testing to unmask the malignant phenotype. We studied risk factors and Holter monitor variables to help predict the necessity of exercise testing in patients ...
Kangas Julie L - - 2014
Objective: People with depressive symptoms report lower levels of exercise self-efficacy and are more likely to discontinue regular exercise than others, but it is unclear how depressive symptoms affect the relation between exercise and self-efficacy. We sought to clarify whether depressive symptoms moderate the relations between exercise and same-day self-efficacy, ...
Battaglia Claudia C Department of Human Movement, Social and Health Sciences, University of Rome 'Foro Italico', Rome, - - 2014
There is general population evidence that physical exercise is effective in reducing the risk of depression and has positive effects on mood. Some prisons encourage exercise, but there is no evidence specific to this group on its benefits or the relative merits of different programmes. To test the effect of ...
Török Salome Schafroth - - 2014
Mannitol- and exercise bronchial provocation tests are both used to diagnose exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. The study aim was to compare the short-term treatment response to budesonide and montelukast on airway hyperresponsiveness to mannitol challenge test and to exercise challenge test in children and adolescents with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Patients were recruited from ...
Liu Yueh-Min YM School of Nursing, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China Hemodialysis Center, Cardinal Tien Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Previous studies have concluded that exercise training is beneficial to patients on hemodialysis (HD). Results, however, have shown that differences in the type, intensity, and frequency of physical exercise lead to variability in its effects on physical functional performance and depression. Further research is thus warranted. Our aim was to ...
Danielsson Louise L Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Box 455, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
While physical exercise as adjunctive treatment for major depression has received considerable attention in recent years, the evidence is conflicting. This study evaluates the effects of two different add-on treatments: exercise and basic body awareness therapy. Randomized controlled trial with two intervention groups and one control, including 62 adults on ...
Cooney Gary G Division of Psychiatry, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, United - - 2014
Is exercise an effective treatment for depression? Exercise is associated with a greater reduction in depression symptoms compared with no treatment, placebo, or active control interventions, such as relaxation or meditation. However, analysis of high-quality studies alone suggests only small benefits.
Daley Aj A Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Antenatal depression can have harmful consequences for the mother and fetus. Exercise may be a useful intervention to prevent and treat antenatal depression. This systematic review aims to establish whether there is sufficient evidence to conclude that exercise is an effective intervention for preventing and treating antenatal depression. Searches using ...
Wegner M - - 2014
Anxiety and depression are the most frequently diagnosed psychological diseases showing a high co-morbidity. They have a severe impact on the lives of the persons concerned. Many meta-analytical studies suggested a positive anxiolytic and depression-reducing effect of exercise programs. The aim of the present article is to synthesize meta-analyses on ...
Taspinar Betul B Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Science, Dumlupinar University, 43100 Kutahya, - - 2014
Physical activity has a positive effect on people's mental health and well-being. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of hatha yoga and resistance exercises on mental health and well-being in sedentary adults. Randomized controlled study. Fifty-one participants aged mean (SD) 25.6 (5.7) years were randomly divided ...
Battaglini Claudio L CL Claudio L Battaglini, Robert C Mills, Brett L Phillips, Jordan T Lee, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Christina Story, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, United - - 2014
To investigate the role of exercise training the past 25 years on major physiological-psychological outcomes studied thus far in this patient population. PubMed, MedlinePlus, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SportDiscus, Embase, Scorpus, and Google Scholar were searched from September to November 2013 to identify exercise training studies that used ...
Lovell Geoff P GP Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, - - 2014
Postnatal psychological well-being is a complex issue characterized by major changes in physical, social, and emotional health. In response to addressing limitations of previous research this study aimed to: (i) quantify psychological distress, depression, anxiety, and stress in a large sample of Australian and New Zealand mothers and to compare ...
Lu Jianqiang J School of Kinesiology, The key Laboratory of Exercise and Health Sciences of Ministry of Education, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, - - 2014
The aims of the present study were to investigate whether exercise can improve the depression-like behavior caused by estrogen deficiency. Given that decreased level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in many brain areas including hippocampus and prefrontal cortex is associated with estrogen deficiency-induced depression-like behavior, we also determined whether exercise ...
Stocks Justin J Naval Medical Center San Diego, Pulmonary Medicine Bldg 3-3, 34730 Bob Wilson Drive, San Diego, CA 92134, Phone: (909)-222-7447, Fax: - - 2014
Abstract Background Bronchial hyperresponsiveness in a military population has been evaluated by direct and indirect challenge methods. We hypothesized that negative methacholine challenge testing was not sufficient to exclude significant bronchial hyperresponsiveness in a symptomatic military population with exertional dyspnea. The purpose of our study was to identify bronchial hyperresponsiveness ...
Euteneuer Frank F Division of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Philipps Universität, Marburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous research indicates that physical activity may alter the number of immune cells. We examined whether increasing or decreasing the level of physical activity affects circulating lymphocyte and monocyte counts in patients with somatization syndromes and patients with major depression. Thirty-eight participants with major depression, 26 participants with somatization syndromes ...
Tu Rong-Hui RH Department of Geriatric Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Guang Xi Medical University, Nanning, - - 2014
The aim of this review is to assess the effects of exercise training on the symptoms of depression in heart failure (HF) patients. Randomized controlled trials of exercise training in patients with HF and symptoms of depression were identified. The depression data were pooled using meta-analysis, and 19 studies were ...
Aguiar Aderbal Silva AS Jr Departamento de Bioquímica, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, UFSC, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, CCB, Florianópolis-SC, 88049-900, Brazil.; Departamento de Farmacologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, UFSC, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, CCB, Florianópolis-SC, 88049-900, Brazil.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study was aimed at analyzing the effects of physical exercise on mitochondrial physiology, anxio-depressive-like behaviors and neuroplasticity in mice. Adult C57BL/6J male mice were isolated in home cages equipped or not with free running wheels. After 6 weeks of exercise, mice were tested in various behavioral paradigms to ...
Nilsson Gunnar - - 2014
Evaluation of angina symptoms in primary care often includes clinical exercise testing. We sought to identify clinical characteristics that predicted the outcome of exercise testing and to describe the occurrence of cardiovascular events during follow-up. This study followed patients referred to exercise testing for suspected coronary disease by general practitioners ...
Tomlinson Deborah D From the Child Health Evaluative Sciences (DT, CD, LS) and the Division of Haematology/Oncology (LS), The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (JB), McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Numerous randomized controlled trials have been conducted to determine efficacy of exercise on cancer-related fatigue. However, many trials lacked sufficient power to demonstrate significant differences, and little is known about how the effect of exercise differs depending on patient- and intervention-level characteristics. A meta-analysis was performed to determine whether exercise ...
Dionísio T J TJ Department of Physiological Science, Federal University of São Carlos - UFSCAR, São Carlos, - - 2014
This study investigated how proteins of the insulin signaling cascade could modulate insulin resistance after dexamethasone (Dexa) treatment and aerobic training. Rats were distributed into 4 groups: sedentary control (SC), sedentary+Dexa (SD), trained control (TC), and trained+Dexa (TD), and underwent aerobic training for 70 days or remained sedentary. Dexa was ...
Aydın T T Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmi Alem Vakıf University, Istanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of calisthenic exercises on balance, walking speed, fatigue, quality of life, and psychological status in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Forty patients diagnosed with MS were randomized into two exercise groups (group 1 = hospital-based, group 2 = home-based). Outcome ...
Mohammadi Fatemeh F Midwifery Department, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of home-based low-intensity stretching and breathing exercises on the reduction of 1 and 2 month post-partum depression (primary outcome) and fatigue (secondary outcome) scores. In this randomized controlled trial, 127 women at 26-32 weeks' gestation with Edinburgh score less than 15, who attended ...
Courneya Kerry S KS Physical Education, University of - - 2014
Background: Exercise may improve psychosocial distress in cancer patients; however, few studies have examined the effects of different types or doses of exercise, or whether exercise effects are related to baseline depression levels. Methods: In a multicenter trial in Canada, we randomized 301 breast cancer patients initiating chemotherapy to thrice ...
Mura Gioia G 1 Department of Public Health, Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, - - 2014
Antidepressants are currently the treatment of choice for major depressive disorder (MDD). Nevertheless, a high percentage of patients do not respond to a first-line antidepressant drug, and combination treatments and augmentation strategies increase the risk of side effects. Moreover, a significant proportion of patients are treatment-resistant. In the last 30 ...
Eng Janice J JJ 1Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Objective:The objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that examined the effects of structured exercise on depressive symptoms in stroke patients.Methods:We searched for published randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effect of structured exercise programs (e.g. functional, resistance, or aerobic training) on depressive symptoms. The mean ...
Combs Kory K *Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; †Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; and ‡Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of exercise and sertraline on disordered sleep in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods The Standard Medical Intervention and Long-term Exercise study randomized the patients with MDD (n = 202) to one of four arms: a) supervised exercise, b) ...
Schuch Felipe Barreto FB Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas: Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil, - - 2014
Exercise can be an effective treatment for depression. Although the efficacy of exercise is well established, little is known concerning the biological changes associated with the antidepressant effects of exercise. A randomized, controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of adding exercise to the usual treatment on the thiobarbituric ...
Uçar Demet Erdoğan DE Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dicle University Medical Faculty, Diyarbakir, - - 2014
Treadmill training with partial body weight support has been suggested as a useful strategy for gait rehabilitation after stroke. This prospective, randomized, controlled study of gait training tested the feasibility and potential efficacy of using a robotic-assisted gait device, Lokomat, for treadmill training with partial body weight support in subjects ...
Siu Ka-Chun KC Division of Physical Therapy Education, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha - - 2014
Increasing evidence underscores the health benefits of Tai Chi (TC), although there is limited evidence of benefits among racial/ethnic minorities. This study investigated the impact of psychosocial status on balance among 23 Latino seniors after a twice-a-week, 12-week TC exercise program. Functional status was measured at baseline, immediately after, and ...
Ellard David R - - 2014
The 'Older People's Exercise intervention in Residential and nursing Accommodation' (OPERA) cluster randomised trial evaluated the impact of training for care home staff together with twice-weekly, physiotherapist-led exercise classes on depressive symptoms in care home residents, but found no effect. We report a process evaluation exploring potential explanations for the ...
García Osvaldo - - 2014
Regular physical exercise improves quality of life and benefits the body´s organs and systems: it tones and strengthens muscles; improves joint function; contributes to healthier heart and lungs; increases resistance to fatigue, and thus capacity for both physical and mental exertion; helps combat anxiety, depression and stress; improves sleep patterns; ...
Sardar Mohammad Ali MA Department of General Courses, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the effects of aerobic exercise training on psychosocial aspects (mental health, the aspects of physical symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social functioning, and depression) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 53 men who had type 2 diabetes mellitus for a mean duration of the ...
Muotri Ricardo W RW Anxiety Disorders Program, Institute of Psychiatry and Department of Psychiatry, Universidade de São Paulo, São PauloSP, Brazil, Anxiety Disorders Program, Institute of Psychiatry and Department of Psychiatry, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objectives: 1) To identify whether patients with panic disorder in general and those with the respiratory subtype in particular actively avoid exercise; 2) to investigate physiological differences in cardiopulmonary function parameters in patients with panic disorder in general, patients with the respiratory subtype of panic disorder, and healthy controls upon ...
Edman Jeanne L - - 2014
Depression is a common psychological problem and females have been found to be at greater risk for this disorder than males. Although numerous studies have found that physical exercise is negatively associated with risk of depression, some studies suggest that negative exercise attitudes may increase the risk of depression. The ...
Behrman Sophie - - 2014
As the tolerability of pharmacological agents decreases with age, exercise may be particularly helpful as a possible treatment or stabiliser of mood and cognitive function in older age. Exercise has been most commonly evaluated for the treatment of depression. Exercise interventions designed primarily for treatment of physical conditions in the ...
Koslik Hayley J HJ Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of - - 2014
Approximately 1/3 of 1990-1 Gulf War veterans developed chronic multisymptom health problems. Implicated exposures bear mechanisms that adversely affect mitochondria. Symptoms emphasize fatigue, cognition and muscle (brain and muscle are aerobically demanding); with protean additional domains affected, compatible with mitochondrial impairment. Recent evidence supports treatments targeting cell bioenergetics (coenzyme10) to ...
Ho Cassandra W H CW Physiotherapy Department, Tai Po Hospital, Wing E, Ground Floor, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong - - 2014
Background. Exercise has been suggested to be a viable treatment for depression. This study investigates the effect of supervised aerobic exercise training on depressive symptoms and physical performance among Chinese patients with mild to moderate depression in early in-patient phase. Methods. A randomized repeated measure and assessor-blinded study design was ...
Krogh Jesper J Mental Health Centre Copenhagen, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark ; Department of Endocrinology, Herlev University Hospital , Copenhagen , - - 2014
Psychiatric patients have a reduced life expectancy of 15-20 years compared with the general population. Most years of lost life are due to the excess mortality from somatic diseases. Sedentary lifestyle and medication is partly responsible for the high frequency of metabolic syndrome in this patient group and low levels of ...
Park Se-Yeon SY Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2013
As no study has examined whether the branches of the latissimus dorsi are activated differently in different exercises, we investigated intramuscular differences of components of the latissimus dorsi during various shoulder isometric exercises. Seventeen male subjects performed four isometric exercises: shoulder extension, adduction, internal rotation, and shoulder depression. Surface electromyography ...
Karabay Can Yucel CY Kartal Kosuyolu Heart and Research Hospital, Cardiology Department, Istanbul, - - 2013
Although a treadmill exercise stress testing (EST) is often the first-line screening procedure for subjects with an intermediate probability of coronary artery disease (CAD), one limitation of this test is the high rate of inconclusive tests that result from borderline exercise-induced ST changes. The carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) correlates ...
Schuch Felipe Barreto FB a Exercise Research Laboratory , Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre , RS , - - 2013
Abstract Several studies have evaluated the relation of exercise to Quality of Life (QoL). To our knowledge, no study, however, has evaluated the relation of water-based exercise to depressive symptoms and QoL, or the association between improvement in QoL and depressive symptoms in healthy women. The purpose of this study ...
Casuso Rafael A - - 2013
It was investigated whether oral dexamethasone (DEX) administration improves exercise performance by reducing the initial rate of muscle fatigue development during dynamic exercise. Using a double-blinded placebo controlled randomized crossover design, subjects ingested either 2 × 2 mg of DEX or placebo for five consecutive days. Muscle function was investigated using one-legged kicking ...
Zoeckler Natalie N Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University, Marburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients' beliefs about their disease have been associated with emotional adjustment and outcomes in several severe illnesses. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether illness perceptions before pulmonary rehabilitation influence exercise capacity and quality of life after rehabilitation in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ...
Yoon Jung Eun JE Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive activity combined with active physical exercise for a sample of older adults with dementia. [Subjects] A convenience sample of 30 patients with dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination score between 16 and 23) was used. Participants were randomly allocated ...
Ryan Michael - - 2013
To investigate the effectiveness of a physiotherapy-based exercise program versus dexamethasone injection for chronic plantar fasciopathy in workers standing for prolonged periods of time. A parallel group nonblinded randomized controlled trial with 12-week follow-up. An outpatient sports medicine clinic in Vancouver, Canada. Fifty-six workers required to stand for greater than ...
Briken S - - 2013
Exercise may have beneficial effects on both well-being and walking ability in multiple sclerosis (MS). Exercise is shown to be neuroprotective in rodents and may also enhance cognitive function in humans. It may, therefore, be particularly useful for MS patients with pronounced neurodegeneration. To investigate the potential of standardized exercise ...
Park A - - 2013
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease. Increasing evidence shows that physical exercise is beneficial for motor and non-motor symptoms of PD, and animal models suggest that it may help slow progression of disease. Using a randomized delayed-start design, 31 patients were randomized to an early start group (ESG) ...
Feinstein Anthony - - 2013
The present review focuses on exercise as a treatment for depression in multiple sclerosis. While exercise has emerged as a potentially useful treatment in the general psychiatry-depression literature, the findings from a small number of multiple sclerosis-related treatment trials are equivocal. Methodological limitations, including the absence of depression as a ...
Cheon Sang-Myung SM Department of Neurology, Dong-A University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2013
Exercise is recommended for every patient with Parkinson's disease (PD). The effectiveness of two different forms of exercise for PD, Tai Chi and combined stretching-strengthening exercise, was compared. Patients with mild-to-moderate PD were recruited to join either the combined stretching-strengthening exercise group (n=7), the Tai Chi group (n=9), or the ...
Stanton Robert - - 2013
A substantial body of evidence supports the role of exercise interventions for people with a mental illness. However, much of this literature is conducted using outpatient and community-based populations. We undertook a systematic review examining the effect of exercise interventions on the health of people hospitalized with depression, schizophrenia, bipolar ...
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