Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 989
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Marsh Andrew B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine whether backpacks with an abdominal support device improve posture and decrease exertion while walking among adolescents. DESIGN: Double-blinded trial, with 20 subjects, performed at a University Spine Center. On day 1, adolescents walked on a treadmill for 5 mins with photographic measurement of posture ...
de Jong Alette E E - - 2006
AIM: This paper presents a literature review examining the implications of previous research in order to make evidence-based decisions about the possible use of breathing exercises with adult patients with burns for pain management during wound care. BACKGROUND: Adult patients with burns experience pain during wound care despite pharmacological interventions. ...
Drake Janessa D M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Only a few abdominal muscle exercises have been quantitatively evaluated on both a mat and exercise ball, but the benefits reported for the ball have been equivocally applied to all exercises. The purpose of this study is to evaluate differences in the biological response of muscle activation, lumbar spine ...
Domaille Melissa - - 2006
The aim of this paper is to investigate whether comparable outcomes can be achieved when research evidence is translated into clinical practice in the management of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. An evidence-based physiotherapy programme for the management of OA of the knee was established at the Bristol Royal Infirmary ...
Gazerani Parisa - - 2006
The trigeminovascular system is involved in migraine. Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin type A (BoNT-A) in migraine has been investigated in clinical studies but the mechanism of action remains unexplored. It is hypothesized that BoNT-A inhibits peripheral sensitization of nociceptive fibers and indirectly reduces central sensitization. We examined the effect of ...
Slater Helen - - 2006
In patients with lateral epicondylalgia, mobilization-with-movement (MWM) is used as an intervention aimed at achieving analgesia and enhancing grip force, although the mechanisms underlying these effects are unclear. The present study investigated the acute sensory and motor effects of an MWM intervention in healthy controls with experimentally induced lateral epicondylalgia. ...
Ylinen Jari J - - 2006
Previously, in a randomized study, we showed that women with chronic neck pain were able to perform intensive training for neck and shoulder muscles and that the increase in strength was accompanied by a reduction in pain and disability. The changes were significantly greater in the training groups compared with ...
Carter Jacqueline M - - 2006
Stability ball training (SBT) is believed to improve spinal stability (SS) and could reduce the risk of back pain in sedentary individuals. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of SBT on SS. Twenty sedentary individuals were randomly assigned to either an experimental group that performed SBT ...
Fredericson Michael - - 2006
This article outlines the practical management of iliotibial band friction syndrome (ITBFS) in running athletes. ITBFS is the most common cause of lateral knee pain in runners and is related to repetitive friction of the iliotibial band sliding over the lateral femoral epicondyle. Runners predisposed to this injury are typically ...
Motl Robert W - - 2006
This experiment examined the effect of a manipulation of self-efficacy beliefs on perceptions of leg muscle pain during moderate-intensity cycling exercise among women. Low to moderately active college-age women (n = 28) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions that were designed to either increase or decrease efficacy beliefs ...
Focht Brian C - - 2006
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects approximately one third of older adults in the United States. The pain accompanying its progression reduces quality of life and leads to activity restriction and physical disability. Evidence suggests that exercise represents a promising treatment for pain among older knee-OA patients. The article provides an overview ...
Wilder Frances V - - 2006
The value of exercise for people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) receives continuing consideration. The optimal length of study follow-up time remains unclear. A group of individuals with knee OA participating in an exercise intervention was followed for 2 years. The authors quantified the change in knee-pain scores during Months 1-12 ...
Martin Ginis K A - - 2007
Pre-test, post-test study of the relationship between exercise-related changes in feeling states and pain among persons with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) who performed three separate exercise sessions consisting of body-weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT). To determine whether exercise-related changes in feeling states are related to exercise-related changes in ...
Pesco Mary S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare hands-on therapy, including heat, massage, and active exercises with postural education that emphasized increased self-efficacy and postural self-awareness along with education about the physiology of the disorder, and prescribed daily active exercises. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four randomly selected women, 12 custodians and 12 ...
Dahlöf C G H - - 2006
A migraineur can claim to be an infrequent responder ('non-responder') to an oral triptan independent of which triptan he or she is presently using. Four trials of an alternative triptan (zolmitriptan/rizatriptan; eletriptan; naratriptan; almotriptan) in patients with a history of infrequent response to oral sumatriptan were compared and contrasted in ...
Ylinen Jari J - - 2006
Exercises are commonly recommended for chronic neck pain, but evidence-based guidelines do not explain what types of exercise. The aim of this randomized study was to evaluate the rate of change in neck strength following high- and low-intensity neck muscle training and their effects on pain and disability. One hundred ...
Slade Susan C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effect of lumbar spine-strengthening exercises on outcomes for people with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Two independent reviewers followed Cochrane Back Review Group and QUORUM Statement guidelines to complete this systematic review. Exercise effects were reported as standardized mean ...
Elvin Anders - - 2006
The aim of the study was to investigate if contrast enhanced ultrasound (US) imaging of muscular blood flow during and following exercise could detect alterations in vascularity in fibromyalgia (FM) patients. Ten FM patients and 10 matched controls were examined with US during standardised static and directly following static and ...
Mailloux Julie - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Chronic back pain is common in the elderly population and can be treated with exercise. Long-term adherence to exercise recommendations has been documented in adults of <65 yrs of age but not for elderly adults. This study explored exercise behaviors of elderly adults with a history of chronic back ...
Cheung Jason Tak-Man JT Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Rehabilitation Engineering Centre, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, - - 2006
Plantar fasciotomy, a common operative procedure to relieve chronic heel pain, has been suggested to decrease foot arch stability. A systematic evaluation of the biomechanical consequences of partial or total plantar fascia release is essential to the understanding of the biomechanical rationale behind these operative procedures. A geometrical detailed three-dimensional ...
McGill S M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting is recognized as a risk factor for the reporting of low back troubles. Despite the use of exercise balls in replacement of the office chair, little quantitative evidence exists to support this practice and hence motivated this research. Given the potential for several biological effects and mechanisms ...
Stuge Britt - - 2006
Women with pelvic girdle pain (PGP) often consult physical therapists for help and are treated with different therapies without firm evidence for the effectiveness. Two randomized controlled trials have investigated the effect of stabilizing exercises for PGP. The most recent study demonstrated significant positive results in favour of exercises (Stuge ...
Liu Nai-Jiang - - 2006
Phospholipase C (PLC) activity has been implicated in multiple opioid-induced sequelae. The relevance of PLC-linked pathways to opioid actions is isoform-specific. Chronic morphine augments PLCbeta1 signaling while diminishing that of PLCbeta3. This suggests that PLCbeta1 makes an important contribution to opioid tolerance formation (PNAS 100: 13686-1369, 2003). In the present ...
McKeon Melissa D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Biering-Sørenson (1984) found that individuals with less lumbar extensor muscle endurance had an increased occurrence of first episode low back pain. As a result, back endurance tests have been recommended for inclusion in health assessment protocols. However, different studies have reported markedly different values for endurance times, leading some ...
Skaggs Clayton D - - 2006
To present a case of a pregnant patient with meralgia paresthetica who improved using manual therapy and exercise procedures. A 22-year-old patient in the sixteenth week of pregnancy had low back pain, bilateral anterolateral thigh paresthesia and groin pain for a duration of 1 month. She had no motor deficits ...
Koltyn Kelli F - - 2006
A number of studies have indicated that exercise is associated with alterations in pain perception. In general, investigators have typically found a hypoalgesic response (i.e. diminished pain perception) to occur during and following exercise. It is currently unclear why exercise alters pain perception but some research indicates that there is ...
Hart Joseph M - - 2006
CONTEXT: Although poor paraspinal muscle endurance has been associated with less quadriceps activation (QA) in persons with a history of low back pain, no authors have addressed the acute neuromuscular response after lumbar paraspinal fatiguing exercise. OBJECTIVE: To compare QA after lumbar paraspinal fatiguing exercise in healthy individuals and those ...
Gibson Barbara E - - 2006
This paper explores the interconnectedness of persons with disabilities, technologies and the environment by problematizing Western notions of the independent, autonomous subject. Drawing from Deleuze and Guattari's reconfiguration of the static subject as active becoming, prevailing discourses valorizing independence are critiqued as contributing to the marginalization of bodies marked as ...
Manias P - - 2006
The use of ice as a supplement to an exercise programme has been recommended for the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). No studies have examined its effectiveness. To investigate whether an exercise programme supplemented with ice is more successful than the exercise programme alone in treating patients with LET. ...
Gudavalli Maruti Ram - - 2006
Many clinical trials on chiropractic management of low back pain have neglected to include specific forms of care. This study compared two well-defined treatment protocols. The objective was to compare the outcome of flexion-distraction (FD) procedures performed by chiropractors with an active trunk exercise protocol (ATEP) performed by physical therapists. ...
Staal J Bart - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: There is a body of literature that indicates that physical exercise interventions, with a primary focus on improvement of functioning instead of pain relief, might be effective to stimulate return to work and improve function in workers who are absent from work due to low back pain (LBP). Successful ...
Loram L C - - 2005
We assessed the effect of rofecoxib, a cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor, and tramadol, a centrally acting analgesic, on both delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and experimentally induced ischaemic pain. We induced DOMS in 10 male and 5 female healthy volunteers by downhill running for 30 min at a 12% decline and a speed ...
Chiu Thomas T W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on acupuncture points and neck exercise in chronic neck pain patients. DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Hospital-based practice. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and eighteen patients with chronic neck pain. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomized into three groups, receiving either (1) ...
Fr?kjaer Jens Br?ndum - - 2005
Widespread visceral hypersensitivity and the overlap of symptom complexes observed in functional gastrointestinal disorders may be related to central sensitization and neuroplastic changes. A multimodal and multi-segmental model was developed to evaluate viscero-visceral hyperalgesia induced by experimental esophageal sensitization in healthy volunteers. Twelve healthy subjects were studied using a double-blinded, ...
Amsterdam Ezra A - - 2005
Chest pain units are now established centers for assessment of low-risk patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome. Accelerated diagnostic protocols, of which treadmill testing is a key component, have been developed within these units for efficient evaluation of these patients. Studies of the ...
San Juan Jun G - - 2005
Many commonly utilized low-back exercise devices offer mechanisms to stabilize the pelvis and to isolate the lumbar spine, but the value of these mechanisms remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of pelvic stabilization on the activity of the lumbar and hip extensor muscles during ...
Geisser Michael E - - 2005
Significant differences in surface electromyography (SEMG) have been reported between persons with low back pain (LBP) and normal, healthy controls. This manuscript presents a systematic meta-analytic review of studies examining SEMG differences between these groups. Forty-four articles were identified using MEDLINE and a review of reference lists in articles. For ...
Geisser Michael E - - 2005
This article examines the effectiveness of manual therapy with specific adjuvant exercise for treating chronic low back pain and disability. A single blind, randomized, controlled trial was employed. Patients were prescribed an exercise program that was tailored to treat their musculoskeletal dysfunctions or given a nonspecific program of general stretching ...
Topór Marcin - - 2005
Background. We evaluated the usefulness of tensometric examination of the quadriceps as a means of assessing the pain threshold for the subcartilage layer in the patellofemoral joint and the knee joint. Material and methods. Our study, carried out from 2000 to 2003, included 131 patients, 77 men and 54 women, ...
Dobkin Patricia L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of maintenance of exercise for women with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: Women with FM who had been randomized to the exercise arm of a clinical trial were studied prospectively during and 3 months following treatment. Subjects completed exercise logs weekly and returned the data via postal mail. ...
Mitrabhakdi Erawady - - 2005
Whereas paralysis is the hallmark for paralytic rabies, the precise pathological basis of paralysis is not known. It is unclear whether weakness results from involvement of anterior horn cells or of motor nerve fibers. There is also no conclusive data on the cause of the neuropathic pain which occurs at ...
Maciel J S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Physiotherapy is considered by some authorities to be an important aspect of management in patients following distal radius fractures. There is evidence of improvement in impairment with physiotherapy; however, there is no evidence to support early return of functional activity. Traditional physiotherapy management has focussed on improving impairment; however, ...
Choi Gun - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a postoperative early isolated lumbar extension muscle-strengthening program on pain, disability, return to work, and power of back muscle after operation for herniated lumbar disc. METHODS: Seventy-five patients were randomized into an exercise group (20 men, 15 women) and a control group (18 men, ...
Hurwitz Eric L - - 2005
We sought to estimate the effects of recreational physical activity and back exercises on low back pain, related disability, and psychological distress among patients randomized to chiropractic or medical care in a managed care setting. Low back pain patients (n=681) were randomized and followed for 18 months. Participation in recreational ...
Staud Roland - - 2005
Aerobic exercise has been shown to activate endogenous opioid and adrenergic systems and attenuate experimental pain in normal control subjects (NC). In contrast, fibromyalgia (FM) subjects' experimental pain ratings increase after aerobic exercise, suggestive of abnormal pain modulation. In order to determine whether central or peripheral mechanisms are predominantly involved ...
Hicks Gregory E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical prediction rule to predict treatment response to a stabilization exercise program for patients with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: A prospective, cohort study of patients with nonradicular LBP referred to physical therapy (PT). SETTING: Outpatient PT clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four patients with nonradicular LBP. INTERVENTION: A ...
Bement Marie K Hoeger - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of low-intensity exercise on chronic muscle pain and potential activation of the endogenous opioid system. DESIGN: Randomized placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Animal laboratory. ANIMALS: Sixty-three male Sprague-Dawley rats. INTERVENTIONS: Rats performed a low-intensity exercise protocol for 5 consecutive days after the induction of chronic muscle pain. ...
Hansson G-A - - 2006
For measuring the physical exposure/workload in studies of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, direct measurements are valuable. However, the between-days and between-subjects variability, as well as the precision of the method per se, are not well known. In a laboratory, six women performed three standardised assembly tasks, all of them repeated on ...
Rolander Bo - - 2005
In a previous study, dentists reported very high scores for perceived physical workload, but only low to moderate scores for the musculoskeletal system. This is difficult to explain when other occupational groups in the dental services are compared, and is the main reason why the present study was performed. To ...
Cochrane T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of community water-based therapy for the management of lower limb osteoarthritis (OA) in older patients. DESIGN: A pre-experimental matched-control study was used to estimate efficacy of water-based exercise treatment, to check design assumptions and delivery processes. The main study was a randomised controlled trial of ...
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