Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 966
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McKeon Melissa D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Biering-Sørenson (1984) found that individuals with less lumbar extensor muscle endurance had an increased occurrence of first episode low back pain. As a result, back endurance tests have been recommended for inclusion in health assessment protocols. However, different studies have reported markedly different values for endurance times, leading some ...
Skaggs Clayton D - - 2006
To present a case of a pregnant patient with meralgia paresthetica who improved using manual therapy and exercise procedures. A 22-year-old patient in the sixteenth week of pregnancy had low back pain, bilateral anterolateral thigh paresthesia and groin pain for a duration of 1 month. She had no motor deficits ...
Koltyn Kelli F - - 2006
A number of studies have indicated that exercise is associated with alterations in pain perception. In general, investigators have typically found a hypoalgesic response (i.e. diminished pain perception) to occur during and following exercise. It is currently unclear why exercise alters pain perception but some research indicates that there is ...
Hart Joseph M - - 2006
CONTEXT: Although poor paraspinal muscle endurance has been associated with less quadriceps activation (QA) in persons with a history of low back pain, no authors have addressed the acute neuromuscular response after lumbar paraspinal fatiguing exercise. OBJECTIVE: To compare QA after lumbar paraspinal fatiguing exercise in healthy individuals and those ...
Gibson Barbara E - - 2006
This paper explores the interconnectedness of persons with disabilities, technologies and the environment by problematizing Western notions of the independent, autonomous subject. Drawing from Deleuze and Guattari's reconfiguration of the static subject as active becoming, prevailing discourses valorizing independence are critiqued as contributing to the marginalization of bodies marked as ...
Manias P - - 2006
The use of ice as a supplement to an exercise programme has been recommended for the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). No studies have examined its effectiveness. To investigate whether an exercise programme supplemented with ice is more successful than the exercise programme alone in treating patients with LET. ...
Gudavalli Maruti Ram - - 2006
Many clinical trials on chiropractic management of low back pain have neglected to include specific forms of care. This study compared two well-defined treatment protocols. The objective was to compare the outcome of flexion-distraction (FD) procedures performed by chiropractors with an active trunk exercise protocol (ATEP) performed by physical therapists. ...
Staal J Bart - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: There is a body of literature that indicates that physical exercise interventions, with a primary focus on improvement of functioning instead of pain relief, might be effective to stimulate return to work and improve function in workers who are absent from work due to low back pain (LBP). Successful ...
Loram L C - - 2005
We assessed the effect of rofecoxib, a cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor, and tramadol, a centrally acting analgesic, on both delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and experimentally induced ischaemic pain. We induced DOMS in 10 male and 5 female healthy volunteers by downhill running for 30 min at a 12% decline and a speed ...
Chiu Thomas T W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on acupuncture points and neck exercise in chronic neck pain patients. DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Hospital-based practice. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and eighteen patients with chronic neck pain. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomized into three groups, receiving either (1) ...
Fr?kjaer Jens Br?ndum - - 2005
Widespread visceral hypersensitivity and the overlap of symptom complexes observed in functional gastrointestinal disorders may be related to central sensitization and neuroplastic changes. A multimodal and multi-segmental model was developed to evaluate viscero-visceral hyperalgesia induced by experimental esophageal sensitization in healthy volunteers. Twelve healthy subjects were studied using a double-blinded, ...
Amsterdam Ezra A - - 2005
Chest pain units are now established centers for assessment of low-risk patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome. Accelerated diagnostic protocols, of which treadmill testing is a key component, have been developed within these units for efficient evaluation of these patients. Studies of the ...
San Juan Jun G - - 2005
Many commonly utilized low-back exercise devices offer mechanisms to stabilize the pelvis and to isolate the lumbar spine, but the value of these mechanisms remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of pelvic stabilization on the activity of the lumbar and hip extensor muscles during ...
Geisser Michael E - - 2005
Significant differences in surface electromyography (SEMG) have been reported between persons with low back pain (LBP) and normal, healthy controls. This manuscript presents a systematic meta-analytic review of studies examining SEMG differences between these groups. Forty-four articles were identified using MEDLINE and a review of reference lists in articles. For ...
Geisser Michael E - - 2005
This article examines the effectiveness of manual therapy with specific adjuvant exercise for treating chronic low back pain and disability. A single blind, randomized, controlled trial was employed. Patients were prescribed an exercise program that was tailored to treat their musculoskeletal dysfunctions or given a nonspecific program of general stretching ...
Topór Marcin - - 2005
Background. We evaluated the usefulness of tensometric examination of the quadriceps as a means of assessing the pain threshold for the subcartilage layer in the patellofemoral joint and the knee joint. Material and methods. Our study, carried out from 2000 to 2003, included 131 patients, 77 men and 54 women, ...
Dobkin Patricia L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of maintenance of exercise for women with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: Women with FM who had been randomized to the exercise arm of a clinical trial were studied prospectively during and 3 months following treatment. Subjects completed exercise logs weekly and returned the data via postal mail. ...
Mitrabhakdi Erawady - - 2005
Whereas paralysis is the hallmark for paralytic rabies, the precise pathological basis of paralysis is not known. It is unclear whether weakness results from involvement of anterior horn cells or of motor nerve fibers. There is also no conclusive data on the cause of the neuropathic pain which occurs at ...
Maciel J S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Physiotherapy is considered by some authorities to be an important aspect of management in patients following distal radius fractures. There is evidence of improvement in impairment with physiotherapy; however, there is no evidence to support early return of functional activity. Traditional physiotherapy management has focussed on improving impairment; however, ...
Choi Gun - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a postoperative early isolated lumbar extension muscle-strengthening program on pain, disability, return to work, and power of back muscle after operation for herniated lumbar disc. METHODS: Seventy-five patients were randomized into an exercise group (20 men, 15 women) and a control group (18 men, ...
Hurwitz Eric L - - 2005
We sought to estimate the effects of recreational physical activity and back exercises on low back pain, related disability, and psychological distress among patients randomized to chiropractic or medical care in a managed care setting. Low back pain patients (n=681) were randomized and followed for 18 months. Participation in recreational ...
Staud Roland - - 2005
Aerobic exercise has been shown to activate endogenous opioid and adrenergic systems and attenuate experimental pain in normal control subjects (NC). In contrast, fibromyalgia (FM) subjects' experimental pain ratings increase after aerobic exercise, suggestive of abnormal pain modulation. In order to determine whether central or peripheral mechanisms are predominantly involved ...
Hicks Gregory E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical prediction rule to predict treatment response to a stabilization exercise program for patients with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: A prospective, cohort study of patients with nonradicular LBP referred to physical therapy (PT). SETTING: Outpatient PT clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four patients with nonradicular LBP. INTERVENTION: A ...
Bement Marie K Hoeger - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of low-intensity exercise on chronic muscle pain and potential activation of the endogenous opioid system. DESIGN: Randomized placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Animal laboratory. ANIMALS: Sixty-three male Sprague-Dawley rats. INTERVENTIONS: Rats performed a low-intensity exercise protocol for 5 consecutive days after the induction of chronic muscle pain. ...
Hansson G-A - - 2006
For measuring the physical exposure/workload in studies of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, direct measurements are valuable. However, the between-days and between-subjects variability, as well as the precision of the method per se, are not well known. In a laboratory, six women performed three standardised assembly tasks, all of them repeated on ...
Rolander Bo - - 2005
In a previous study, dentists reported very high scores for perceived physical workload, but only low to moderate scores for the musculoskeletal system. This is difficult to explain when other occupational groups in the dental services are compared, and is the main reason why the present study was performed. To ...
Cochrane T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of community water-based therapy for the management of lower limb osteoarthritis (OA) in older patients. DESIGN: A pre-experimental matched-control study was used to estimate efficacy of water-based exercise treatment, to check design assumptions and delivery processes. The main study was a randomised controlled trial of ...
Da Costa D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a 12-week individualized home-based exercise programme on physical functioning, pain severity and psychological distress for women with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: Seventy-nine women with a primary diagnosis of FM were randomized to a 12-week individualized home-based moderate-intensity exercise programme or to a usual care control ...
Pernold Gunilla - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A 5-year follow-up study was conducted of men and women seeking care for new incidents of neck/shoulder disorders (NSD). OBJECTIVES: To study the natural course of pain and disability caused by NSD during a 5-year follow-up and to investigate the possible influence of regular physical exercise on recovery. ...
Johnson Michael P - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) primarily occurs between 10 and 20 years of age. Adult patients (>20 years) tend to respond poorly to nonsurgical management. This case report describes the physical therapist management of an adult with OCD at the tibiofemoral joint. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 24-year-old woman had insidious ...
Han Seung Hwan - - 2005
A 50-year-old woman came to the hospital because of chest pain, mostly occurring in the early morning at rest. She performed an exercise test on Bruce protocol and exercised up to 11 min (13 METs) without chest pain. Following ergonovine provocation test, diffuse three-vessel coronary artery spasm was identified.
Dean Sarah G - - 2005
PURPOSE: Physiotherapy for low back pain (LBP) includes exercise therapy. Unfortunately adherence is problematic. This study explores patients' and physiotherapists' perceptions of exercise adherence. METHOD: Nine LBP patients and eight physiotherapists were interviewed. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to explore transcript data. RESULTS: The main theme 'managing time', reveals ...
Brenner Alexander Karl - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: A lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LTV) is a congenital anomaly that occurs in 3% to 21% of people with and without low back pain (LBP). There is lack of agreement in the literature as to whether or not the presence of a LTV may cause LBP. ...
Fagade O O - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare the therapeutic effect of paracetamol and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), on post-Intermaxillary Fixation (IMF) trismus, and pain in some Nigerian patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients treated for mandibular fractures with IMF were randomly selected into two groups of ten patients each. After the release of ...
Tak Erwin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE:. Evaluation of an 8-week exercise program with strength training and lifestyle advice for older adults with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Outcome measures were pain, hip function, disability, quality of life (QOL), and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Inclusion criteria for this randomized controlled trial were: age >or=55 years, ...
Lancioni G E - - 2005
This study was a further evaluation of microswitch clusters (combinations of two microswitches) to improve adaptive responding together with correct head position in two persons with multiple disabilities. The two participants were 19.7 and 6.6 yr. old and had profound intellectual disabilities, spastic tetraparesis, and visual impairment. They were initially ...
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas César - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this clinical trial was to evaluate the impact of a 4-month comprehensive protocol of strengthening and flexibility exercises developed by our research group versus conventional exercises for patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) on functional and mobility outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. Forty-five patients diagnosed with AS ...
Koumantakis George A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Determination of the mode of action of new exercise techniques in different back pain populations is lacking. The effectiveness of supplementing an exercise programme with stabilisation exercises concerning physiological and functional parameters in non-specific back pain patients is unknown. METHODS: Randomised controlled trial, comparing a general trunk muscle endurance ...
Shirado Osamu - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To introduce a novel back school for the treatment of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), and to report its clinical results. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although back school is one of the treatment methods for patients with CLBP, its efficacy and ...
Hayden Jill A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy encompasses a heterogeneous group of interventions. There continues to be uncertainty about the most effective exercise approach in chronic low back pain. PURPOSE: To identify particular exercise intervention characteristics that decrease pain and improve function in adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Ruble Stephen B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine thermal pain perception before, 5 minutes after, and 30 minutes after 30 minutes of treadmill exercise at 75% of maximal oxygen uptake (V o 2 max). DESIGN: Repeated-measures. SETTING: Sports science laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 14 healthy male and female volunteers (mean age +/- standard deviation, ...
Austrian Jonathan S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine older persons' willingness to participate in exercise and relaxation programs for managing chronic pain, to identify characteristics associated with willingness to participate, and to ascertain their barriers to participation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A geriatric ambulatory care practice located in New York, New York, and the General ...
Friedrich Martin - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term effect of a combined exercise and motivational program on the level of disability of patients with chronic and recurrent low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is agreement on the importance of exercise during the ...
Lamoth Claudine J C - - 2006
Low back pain (LBP) is often accompanied by changes in gait, such as a decreased (preferred) walking velocity. Previous studies have shown that LBP diminishes the normal velocity-induced transverse counter-rotation between thorax and pelvis, and that it globally affects mean erector spinae (ES) activity. The exact nature and causation of ...
Rajappan K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated economic and clinical effectiveness using troponin as a risk stratification tool in chest pain patients. Those with a positive result are investigated invasively, whilst those with a negative result and ECG are promptly mobilized, facilitating discharge. AIM: To determine whether our use of troponin I (cTnI) ...
Iwamoto Jun - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise may enhance the effect of alendronate on bone mineral density (BMD) and reduce chronic back pain in elderly women with osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether whole-body vibration exercise would enhance the effect of alendronate on lumbar BMD and bone turnover, and ...
Van Dillen Linda R - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the classification, intervention, and outcomes for a patient with lumbar rotation with flexion syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 22-year-old man with a medical diagnosis of low back strain. Impairments in lumbar flexion and right rotation and ...
Lewis Jeremy S - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial with blinded assessment. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical efficacy of 2 active interventions for patients with chronic low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Manual therapy and exercise prescription are treatments frequently prescribed for patients with chronic low back pain. The evidence for the ...
Fujii Tetsunori - - 2005
Bruxism has been suggested as an initiating or perpetuating factor in a certain subgroup of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), however, the exact association between bruxism and TMD remains unclear. This study aimed to demonstrate the difference in responses between bruxism and a subgroup of TMD to a full-arch maxillary stabilization splint ...
Axelsson Paul - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: By radiostereometric analysis (RSA), the intervertebral mobility was measured for the 3 most distal lumbar disc levels in 12 patients at 3 types of standardized provocation: changing body position from supine to standing, supine to standing with load, and supine to sitting. OBJECTIVE: To study the validity and ...
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