Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 984
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Ditto Blaine - - 2007
Acute and chronic increases in blood pressure have been related to decreases in pain perception. This phenomenon has been studied primarily using acute experimental pain stimuli. To extend the literature to naturalistic pain and in particular the problem of silent cardiac ischemia, this study examined the relationship between blood pressure ...
Karatay Saliha - - 2007
This study was performed to determine the effects of short-term dynamic exercise on serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels in the patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Patients with RA or AS and healthy controls were recruited. Dynamic treadmill exercise ...
Teyhen Deydre S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A clinical prediction rule (CPR) has been reported to identify patients with low back pain who are likely to benefit from stabilization exercises. The aim of this study was to characterize the spinal motion, using digital fluoroscopic video, of a subgroup of subjects with low back pain. ...
Ang Dennis - - 2007
The objective of the study is to determine the effects of motivational interviewing (MI), a novel technique of behavioral counseling to promote exercise, on pain and physical function in patients with fibromyalgia (FMS). Patients who met the American College of Rheumatology criteria for FMS and had a visual analog pain ...
Chatzitheodorou Dimitris - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Given the complex nature of chronic pain, the effects of high-intensity aerobic exercise on pain, disability, psychological strain, and serum cortisol concentrations in people with chronic low back pain were investigated. SUBJECTS: Twenty subjects receiving primary health care were randomly allocated into exercise and control groups. METHODS: ...
Isma Nazim - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate weather early supervised exercise improves recanalization of acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and reduces symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From September 2001 to March 2004, of 381 patients, 72 eligible patients were included and with a mean age 54 +/- 14 ...
Likar Rudolf - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Opioid receptors are expressed on peripheral nerve endings and opioid peptides (beta-endorphin, END) are produced in various immune cells of synovial tissue after knee trauma. Because corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) acts through its receptors on END-containing immune cells, this randomized controlled trial investigated whether the intra-articular (IA) injection of CRH ...
Poreisz Csaba - - 2007
Cortical excitability changes induced by tDCS and revealed by TMS, are increasingly being used as an index of neuronal plasticity in the human cortex. The aim of this paper is to summarize the partially adverse effects of 567 tDCS sessions over motor and non-motor cortical areas (occipital, temporal, parietal) from ...
Ferreira Manuela L - - 2007
Practice guidelines recommend various types of exercise and manipulative therapy for chronic back pain but there have been few head-to-head comparisons of these interventions. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare effects of general exercise, motor control exercise and manipulative therapy on function and perceived effect of intervention in ...
ADDO, OPPONG YAW
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the number one musculoskeletal disorder in the developed world and it ranks among the top problems of the health care systems in developed countries. Osteoarthritis is estimated to cost western countries such as Australia, Canada, United Kingdom and France as well as Western Europe as high ...
Kietrys David M - - 2007
At-work exercises are commonly recommended for computer operators. This randomized control trial assessed adherence, pain and satisfaction after 4 weeks of at-work exercise. Subjects (n=72) were randomized into 3 groups: resistance exercise, stretching, and control. Outcomes included a satisfaction survey, a visual analogue pain scale (VAS), a pain drawing, and ...
Brown Molly M - - 2007
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), and fibromyalgia (FM) commonly co-occur. Some propose that CFS, MCS, and FM are manifestations of the same illness based on high rates of co-occurrence and overlapping diagnostic criteria. This study seeks to differentiate these diagnoses by comparing individuals with one or more ...
Giubilei Gianluca - - 2007
PURPOSE: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a major healthcare burden. Affected patient quality of life is poor and currently no investigated treatments have significant long-term benefit. We performed a preliminary investigation of the role of physical activity and its effects on select patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. ...
El-Ansary Doa - - 2007
QUESTION: Do trunk stabilisation exercises reduce sternal separation and pain, and improve the quality and control of the performance of tasks in individuals with chronic sternal instability? DESIGN: Randomised crossover study with concealed allocation and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Nine individuals with chronic sternal instability following a median sternotomy for cardiac ...
Nash Mark S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of circuit resistance exercise (CRT) training on muscle strength, endurance, anaerobic power, and shoulder pain in middle-aged men with paraplegia. DESIGN: Repeated testing. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Seven men (age range, 39-58y) with motor-complete paraplegia from T5 to T12 and confirmed shoulder pain occurring ...
Djavid Gholamreza Esmaeeli - - 2007
QUESTION: Is low level laser therapy an effective adjuvant intervention for chronic low back pain? DESIGN: Randomised trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessors and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-one patients who had low back pain for at least 12 weeks. INTERVENTION: One group received laser therapy alone, one received laser therapy ...
O'Leary Shaun - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A multivariate repeated-measures independent-group study design. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of a craniocervical flexion exercise (CCFEx) program to that of a conventional cervical flexion exercise (CFEx) program in training isometric craniocervical flexor muscle performance. BACKGROUND: The craniocervical flexor muscles are important muscles of the cervical spine, as ...
Davies J A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Decreased ankle mobility is associated with delayed healing of venous ulcers. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 24-week home-based exercise programme in increasing ankle range of motion and increasing the strength and endurance of the calf muscle. The secondary aim was ...
Pinto Daniel - - 2007
This case series describes the pragmatic use of a treatment-based classification system for the management of four patients with a chief complaint of low back pain. Patients were initially classified into stabilization, manipulation, or specific exercise subgroups based on history and clinical examination. Each patient was reassessed during the course ...
Eversden Lis - - 2007
Hydrotherapy is highly valued by people with rheumatoid arthritis yet few studies have compared the benefits of exercises in heated water against exercises on land. In particular, data on quality of life is rarely reported. This is especially important because patients treated with hydrotherapy often report an enhanced sense of ...
Helewa Antoine A School of Physical Therapy, Elborn College, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2007
To investigate the effects of therapeutic exercises and sleeping neck support contoured pillows on patients with chronic neck pain. Using a factorial design in a prospective clinical trial, participants were equally allocated at random to 4 treatment groups in the study: (1) placebo control, of hot or cold packs and ...
Mortimer Monica - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A 5-year prospective cohort study was conducted of men and women seeking care for a new period of low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVES: To study the natural course of pain and disability due to LBP during a 5-year follow-up period, and to investigate the possible influence of regular ...
Nikander Riku - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the dose-response relationship of specific strength- and endurance-training regimes for the cervical muscles, which have been shown to be effective among women with chronic neck pain and disability. METHODS: A total of 180 female office workers, aged 25 to 53 yr, with chronic neck pain and disability ...
Kwon Min A - - 2006
Many factors are associated with the development of low back pain. Among them, exercise, obesity, smoking, age, educational level and stress are the most common. This study examined the association of these factors with low back pain. An additional aim was to determine a procedure for preventing low back pain. ...
Monnier-Benoit Philippe - - 2006
In this study, the effect of fitness level on perceived pain before and after a steady state exercise was investigated. Ten trained cyclists (M age=25.2 yr., SD=4.9) and 10 sedentary men (Mage=24.5 yr., SD=2.2) performed a maximal graded test on a cycle ergometer. At least 48 hr. later the participants ...
Nawoczenski Deborah A - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The high prevalence of shoulder pain in wheelchair users may be related to the repetitive use of the upper limbs during self-care and wheelchair-related activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a controlled 8-week, scapula-focused exercise intervention on pain and functional disability ...
Yip Selina L M SL Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Department of Physiotherapy, Yan Chai Hospital, Hong Kong, - - 2006
To examine the efficacy of electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback supplementation to exercise rehabilitation for people with patellofemoral pain syndrome. Double-blinded randomized clinical controlled pilot trial. Clinical setting with home programme. Twenty-six subjects diagnosed with patellofemoral pain. Subjects were randomly assigned into EMG biofeedback+exercise group or exercise-only group. All subjects participated in ...
Ginanneschi F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) manifest changes in the excitability of the soleus H-reflex. METHODS: H-reflex stimulus-response curve was studied in 14 CLBP patients and 14 age-matched healthy subjects. H-threshold, H-maximum size, H-steepness and H-latency were determined for both legs. Homosynaptic depression (HD), following ...
Marshall Paul - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Pre and post 12-week training study using surface electromyography to measure the flexion relaxation response. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the active or passive phases of the flexion relaxation measurement changes following an exercise intervention in patients with low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Impaired neuromuscular activation is ...
Renkawitz Tobias - - 2006
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Imbalanced patterns of erector spinae activity and reduced trunk extension strength have been observed among patients with low back pain (LBP). The association between LBP and neuromuscular imbalance still remains unclear. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between LBP, neuromuscular imbalance, clinical symptoms, and trunk extension strength on two ...
Yip Y B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an adopted Arthritis Self-Management Programme (ASMP) with an added exercise component among osteoarthritic knee sufferers in Hong Kong. METHODS: An experimental study with 88 participants assigned to an intervention group and 94 participants to a control group. One ...
Stevens Veerle K - - 2007
Low back pain is a major problem involving high medical costs, therefore effective prevention strategies are essential. Stabilization exercises seem to facilitate the neuromuscular control of the lumbar spine and may be useful in prevention programs. To investigate whether specific lumbar stabilization training has an effect on muscle recruitment patterns ...
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C - - 2006
This paper describes the differences in the presence of myofascial trigger points (TrPs) in the upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, temporalis and suboccipital muscles between unilateral migraine subjects and healthy controls, and the differences in the presence of TrPs between the symptomatic side and the non-symptomatic side in migraine subjects. In addition, ...
Mori DeAnna L - - 2006
Although the health benefits of exercise for individuals with Persian Gulf War veterans illnesses (GWVI) are documented, many of these individuals do not exercise regularly enough to obtain benefits. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors predicting exercise compliance among individuals with GWVI in a multicenter, randomized, clinical ...
Sesek Richard F - - 2007
Carpal tunnel syndrome presents a constellation of symptoms which include discomfort (eg, pain, paraesthesia) and diminished sense of touch. This exploratory study simultaneously measured changes in tactile threshold and discomfort ratings during prolonged wrist flexion in symptomatic patients from a rehabilitation clinic and from a control population. Prolonged (15 min) ...
Suni Jaana - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled study with 12 months intervention. OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of a training intervention with emphases on the control of lumbar neutral zone (NZ) and behavior modeling as secondary prevention of low back pain (LBP) and disability. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Improving the control of ...
Marsh Darrin W - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after shoulder hemiarthroplasty for rotator cuff tear arthropathy (RCTA) represents a significant challenge to physical therapists. Limited goals have been defined for this patient population and include no pain or slight pain at rest, moderate pain with vigorous activity, shoulder external rotation active range ...
Wang S Sharon - - 2006
OBJECTIVE(S): (1) To compare the effectiveness of customized exercises with that of standard exercises for the treatment of patients with shoulder disorders. (2) To determine whether four weeks or eight weeks would be needed to see improvement in outcome measures. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized clinical trial. SETTING: An outpatient physical ...
Piva Sara R - - 2006
Measurements of active range of motion (AROM) and passive intervertebral movements (PIM) of the cervical spine are frequently used for patients with neck pain. However, there is a paucity of studies that investigate the psychometric properties of these measurements. Objectives of this study were to: (1) determine the inter-tester reliability ...
Gavish Anat - - 2006
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that strengthening masticatory muscles using a controlled chewing exercise protocol improves muscle function, as evaluated quantitatively by electromyogram, and reduces pain at rest and during function. The study included 20 patients diagnosed with myofascial pain according to the Research Diagnostic ...
Hoch Anne Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if aerobic fitness varies between women with and without chronic discogenic non-radicular low back pain. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional descriptive study. RESULTS:: Analysis of variance revealed that maximal oxygen consumption was lower (P = 0.05) in women with low back pain compared ...
Friesner Stacy A - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of a slow deep-breathing relaxation exercise, when used as an adjunct to opioid analgesia, decreases pain during chest tube removal (CTR) after coronary bypass surgery. DESIGN: A two-group quasi-experimental pretest/posttest design was used. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of ...
Rittweger J - - 2006
Several studies have tried to find countermeasures against musculoskeletal de-conditioning during bed-rest, but none of them yielded decisive results. We hypothesised that resistive vibration exercise (RVE) might be a suitable training modality. We have therefore carried out a bed-rest study to evaluate its feasibility and efficacy during 56 days of ...
Rydeard Rochenda - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, prestest-posttest design, with a 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of a therapeutic exercise approach in a population with chronic low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND: Therapeutic approaches developed from the Pilates method are becoming increasingly popular; however, there have been ...
Der Ananian Cheryl - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Recent public health objectives emphasize the importance of exercise for reducing disability among people with arthritis. Despite the documented benefits of exercise, people with arthritis are less active than those without arthritis. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence exercise participation among insufficiently active ...
Marsh Andrew B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine whether backpacks with an abdominal support device improve posture and decrease exertion while walking among adolescents. DESIGN: Double-blinded trial, with 20 subjects, performed at a University Spine Center. On day 1, adolescents walked on a treadmill for 5 mins with photographic measurement of posture ...
de Jong Alette E E - - 2006
AIM: This paper presents a literature review examining the implications of previous research in order to make evidence-based decisions about the possible use of breathing exercises with adult patients with burns for pain management during wound care. BACKGROUND: Adult patients with burns experience pain during wound care despite pharmacological interventions. ...
Drake Janessa D M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Only a few abdominal muscle exercises have been quantitatively evaluated on both a mat and exercise ball, but the benefits reported for the ball have been equivocally applied to all exercises. The purpose of this study is to evaluate differences in the biological response of muscle activation, lumbar spine ...
Domaille Melissa - - 2006
The aim of this paper is to investigate whether comparable outcomes can be achieved when research evidence is translated into clinical practice in the management of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. An evidence-based physiotherapy programme for the management of OA of the knee was established at the Bristol Royal Infirmary ...
Gazerani Parisa - - 2006
The trigeminovascular system is involved in migraine. Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin type A (BoNT-A) in migraine has been investigated in clinical studies but the mechanism of action remains unexplored. It is hypothesized that BoNT-A inhibits peripheral sensitization of nociceptive fibers and indirectly reduces central sensitization. We examined the effect of ...
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