Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 966
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Davies J A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Decreased ankle mobility is associated with delayed healing of venous ulcers. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 24-week home-based exercise programme in increasing ankle range of motion and increasing the strength and endurance of the calf muscle. The secondary aim was ...
Pinto Daniel - - 2007
This case series describes the pragmatic use of a treatment-based classification system for the management of four patients with a chief complaint of low back pain. Patients were initially classified into stabilization, manipulation, or specific exercise subgroups based on history and clinical examination. Each patient was reassessed during the course ...
Eversden Lis - - 2007
Hydrotherapy is highly valued by people with rheumatoid arthritis yet few studies have compared the benefits of exercises in heated water against exercises on land. In particular, data on quality of life is rarely reported. This is especially important because patients treated with hydrotherapy often report an enhanced sense of ...
Mortimer Monica - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A 5-year prospective cohort study was conducted of men and women seeking care for a new period of low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVES: To study the natural course of pain and disability due to LBP during a 5-year follow-up period, and to investigate the possible influence of regular ...
Nikander Riku - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the dose-response relationship of specific strength- and endurance-training regimes for the cervical muscles, which have been shown to be effective among women with chronic neck pain and disability. METHODS: A total of 180 female office workers, aged 25 to 53 yr, with chronic neck pain and disability ...
Yip Selina L M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback supplementation to exercise rehabilitation for people with patellofemoral pain syndrome. DESIGN: Double-blinded randomized clinical controlled pilot trial. SETTING: Clinical setting with home programme. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six subjects diagnosed with patellofemoral pain. Intervention: Subjects were randomly assigned into EMG biofeedback+exercise group or exercise-only ...
Kwon Min A - - 2006
Many factors are associated with the development of low back pain. Among them, exercise, obesity, smoking, age, educational level and stress are the most common. This study examined the association of these factors with low back pain. An additional aim was to determine a procedure for preventing low back pain. ...
Monnier-Benoit Philippe - - 2006
In this study, the effect of fitness level on perceived pain before and after a steady state exercise was investigated. Ten trained cyclists (M age=25.2 yr., SD=4.9) and 10 sedentary men (Mage=24.5 yr., SD=2.2) performed a maximal graded test on a cycle ergometer. At least 48 hr. later the participants ...
Nawoczenski Deborah A - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The high prevalence of shoulder pain in wheelchair users may be related to the repetitive use of the upper limbs during self-care and wheelchair-related activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a controlled 8-week, scapula-focused exercise intervention on pain and functional disability ...
Ginanneschi F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) manifest changes in the excitability of the soleus H-reflex. METHODS: H-reflex stimulus-response curve was studied in 14 CLBP patients and 14 age-matched healthy subjects. H-threshold, H-maximum size, H-steepness and H-latency were determined for both legs. Homosynaptic depression (HD), following ...
Marshall Paul - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Pre and post 12-week training study using surface electromyography to measure the flexion relaxation response. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the active or passive phases of the flexion relaxation measurement changes following an exercise intervention in patients with low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Impaired neuromuscular activation is ...
Renkawitz Tobias - - 2006
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Imbalanced patterns of erector spinae activity and reduced trunk extension strength have been observed among patients with low back pain (LBP). The association between LBP and neuromuscular imbalance still remains unclear. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between LBP, neuromuscular imbalance, clinical symptoms, and trunk extension strength on two ...
Yip Y B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an adopted Arthritis Self-Management Programme (ASMP) with an added exercise component among osteoarthritic knee sufferers in Hong Kong. METHODS: An experimental study with 88 participants assigned to an intervention group and 94 participants to a control group. One ...
Stevens Veerle K - - 2007
Low back pain is a major problem involving high medical costs, therefore effective prevention strategies are essential. Stabilization exercises seem to facilitate the neuromuscular control of the lumbar spine and may be useful in prevention programs. To investigate whether specific lumbar stabilization training has an effect on muscle recruitment patterns ...
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C - - 2006
This paper describes the differences in the presence of myofascial trigger points (TrPs) in the upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, temporalis and suboccipital muscles between unilateral migraine subjects and healthy controls, and the differences in the presence of TrPs between the symptomatic side and the non-symptomatic side in migraine subjects. In addition, ...
Mori DeAnna L - - 2006
Although the health benefits of exercise for individuals with Persian Gulf War veterans illnesses (GWVI) are documented, many of these individuals do not exercise regularly enough to obtain benefits. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors predicting exercise compliance among individuals with GWVI in a multicenter, randomized, clinical ...
Sesek Richard F - - 2007
Carpal tunnel syndrome presents a constellation of symptoms which include discomfort (eg, pain, paraesthesia) and diminished sense of touch. This exploratory study simultaneously measured changes in tactile threshold and discomfort ratings during prolonged wrist flexion in symptomatic patients from a rehabilitation clinic and from a control population. Prolonged (15 min) ...
Suni Jaana - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled study with 12 months intervention. OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of a training intervention with emphases on the control of lumbar neutral zone (NZ) and behavior modeling as secondary prevention of low back pain (LBP) and disability. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Improving the control of ...
Marsh Darrin W - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after shoulder hemiarthroplasty for rotator cuff tear arthropathy (RCTA) represents a significant challenge to physical therapists. Limited goals have been defined for this patient population and include no pain or slight pain at rest, moderate pain with vigorous activity, shoulder external rotation active range ...
Wang S Sharon - - 2006
OBJECTIVE(S): (1) To compare the effectiveness of customized exercises with that of standard exercises for the treatment of patients with shoulder disorders. (2) To determine whether four weeks or eight weeks would be needed to see improvement in outcome measures. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized clinical trial. SETTING: An outpatient physical ...
Piva Sara R - - 2006
Measurements of active range of motion (AROM) and passive intervertebral movements (PIM) of the cervical spine are frequently used for patients with neck pain. However, there is a paucity of studies that investigate the psychometric properties of these measurements. Objectives of this study were to: (1) determine the inter-tester reliability ...
Gavish Anat - - 2006
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that strengthening masticatory muscles using a controlled chewing exercise protocol improves muscle function, as evaluated quantitatively by electromyogram, and reduces pain at rest and during function. The study included 20 patients diagnosed with myofascial pain according to the Research Diagnostic ...
Hoch Anne Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if aerobic fitness varies between women with and without chronic discogenic non-radicular low back pain. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional descriptive study. RESULTS:: Analysis of variance revealed that maximal oxygen consumption was lower (P = 0.05) in women with low back pain compared ...
Friesner Stacy A - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of a slow deep-breathing relaxation exercise, when used as an adjunct to opioid analgesia, decreases pain during chest tube removal (CTR) after coronary bypass surgery. DESIGN: A two-group quasi-experimental pretest/posttest design was used. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of ...
Rittweger J - - 2006
Several studies have tried to find countermeasures against musculoskeletal de-conditioning during bed-rest, but none of them yielded decisive results. We hypothesised that resistive vibration exercise (RVE) might be a suitable training modality. We have therefore carried out a bed-rest study to evaluate its feasibility and efficacy during 56 days of ...
Rydeard Rochenda - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial, prestest-posttest design, with a 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of a therapeutic exercise approach in a population with chronic low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND: Therapeutic approaches developed from the Pilates method are becoming increasingly popular; however, there have been ...
Der Ananian Cheryl - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Recent public health objectives emphasize the importance of exercise for reducing disability among people with arthritis. Despite the documented benefits of exercise, people with arthritis are less active than those without arthritis. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence exercise participation among insufficiently active ...
Marsh Andrew B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine whether backpacks with an abdominal support device improve posture and decrease exertion while walking among adolescents. DESIGN: Double-blinded trial, with 20 subjects, performed at a University Spine Center. On day 1, adolescents walked on a treadmill for 5 mins with photographic measurement of posture ...
de Jong Alette E E - - 2006
AIM: This paper presents a literature review examining the implications of previous research in order to make evidence-based decisions about the possible use of breathing exercises with adult patients with burns for pain management during wound care. BACKGROUND: Adult patients with burns experience pain during wound care despite pharmacological interventions. ...
Drake Janessa D M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Only a few abdominal muscle exercises have been quantitatively evaluated on both a mat and exercise ball, but the benefits reported for the ball have been equivocally applied to all exercises. The purpose of this study is to evaluate differences in the biological response of muscle activation, lumbar spine ...
Domaille Melissa - - 2006
The aim of this paper is to investigate whether comparable outcomes can be achieved when research evidence is translated into clinical practice in the management of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. An evidence-based physiotherapy programme for the management of OA of the knee was established at the Bristol Royal Infirmary ...
Gazerani Parisa - - 2006
The trigeminovascular system is involved in migraine. Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin type A (BoNT-A) in migraine has been investigated in clinical studies but the mechanism of action remains unexplored. It is hypothesized that BoNT-A inhibits peripheral sensitization of nociceptive fibers and indirectly reduces central sensitization. We examined the effect of ...
Slater Helen - - 2006
In patients with lateral epicondylalgia, mobilization-with-movement (MWM) is used as an intervention aimed at achieving analgesia and enhancing grip force, although the mechanisms underlying these effects are unclear. The present study investigated the acute sensory and motor effects of an MWM intervention in healthy controls with experimentally induced lateral epicondylalgia. ...
Ylinen Jari J - - 2006
Previously, in a randomized study, we showed that women with chronic neck pain were able to perform intensive training for neck and shoulder muscles and that the increase in strength was accompanied by a reduction in pain and disability. The changes were significantly greater in the training groups compared with ...
Carter Jacqueline M - - 2006
Stability ball training (SBT) is believed to improve spinal stability (SS) and could reduce the risk of back pain in sedentary individuals. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of SBT on SS. Twenty sedentary individuals were randomly assigned to either an experimental group that performed SBT ...
Fredericson Michael - - 2006
This article outlines the practical management of iliotibial band friction syndrome (ITBFS) in running athletes. ITBFS is the most common cause of lateral knee pain in runners and is related to repetitive friction of the iliotibial band sliding over the lateral femoral epicondyle. Runners predisposed to this injury are typically ...
Motl Robert W - - 2006
This experiment examined the effect of a manipulation of self-efficacy beliefs on perceptions of leg muscle pain during moderate-intensity cycling exercise among women. Low to moderately active college-age women (n = 28) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions that were designed to either increase or decrease efficacy beliefs ...
Focht Brian C - - 2006
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects approximately one third of older adults in the United States. The pain accompanying its progression reduces quality of life and leads to activity restriction and physical disability. Evidence suggests that exercise represents a promising treatment for pain among older knee-OA patients. The article provides an overview ...
Wilder Frances V - - 2006
The value of exercise for people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) receives continuing consideration. The optimal length of study follow-up time remains unclear. A group of individuals with knee OA participating in an exercise intervention was followed for 2 years. The authors quantified the change in knee-pain scores during Months 1-12 ...
Martin Ginis K A - - 2007
Pre-test, post-test study of the relationship between exercise-related changes in feeling states and pain among persons with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) who performed three separate exercise sessions consisting of body-weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT). To determine whether exercise-related changes in feeling states are related to exercise-related changes in ...
Pesco Mary S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare hands-on therapy, including heat, massage, and active exercises with postural education that emphasized increased self-efficacy and postural self-awareness along with education about the physiology of the disorder, and prescribed daily active exercises. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four randomly selected women, 12 custodians and 12 ...
Dahlöf C G H - - 2006
A migraineur can claim to be an infrequent responder ('non-responder') to an oral triptan independent of which triptan he or she is presently using. Four trials of an alternative triptan (zolmitriptan/rizatriptan; eletriptan; naratriptan; almotriptan) in patients with a history of infrequent response to oral sumatriptan were compared and contrasted in ...
Ylinen Jari J - - 2006
Exercises are commonly recommended for chronic neck pain, but evidence-based guidelines do not explain what types of exercise. The aim of this randomized study was to evaluate the rate of change in neck strength following high- and low-intensity neck muscle training and their effects on pain and disability. One hundred ...
Slade Susan C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effect of lumbar spine-strengthening exercises on outcomes for people with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Two independent reviewers followed Cochrane Back Review Group and QUORUM Statement guidelines to complete this systematic review. Exercise effects were reported as standardized mean ...
Elvin Anders - - 2006
The aim of the study was to investigate if contrast enhanced ultrasound (US) imaging of muscular blood flow during and following exercise could detect alterations in vascularity in fibromyalgia (FM) patients. Ten FM patients and 10 matched controls were examined with US during standardised static and directly following static and ...
Mailloux Julie - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Chronic back pain is common in the elderly population and can be treated with exercise. Long-term adherence to exercise recommendations has been documented in adults of <65 yrs of age but not for elderly adults. This study explored exercise behaviors of elderly adults with a history of chronic back ...
Cheung Jason Tak-Man - - 2006
Plantar fasciotomy, a common operative procedure to relieve chronic heel pain, has been suggested to decrease foot arch stability. A systematic evaluation of the biomechanical consequences of partial or total plantar fascia release is essential to the understanding of the biomechanical rationale behind these operative procedures. A geometrical detailed three-dimensional ...
McGill S M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting is recognized as a risk factor for the reporting of low back troubles. Despite the use of exercise balls in replacement of the office chair, little quantitative evidence exists to support this practice and hence motivated this research. Given the potential for several biological effects and mechanisms ...
Stuge Britt - - 2006
Women with pelvic girdle pain (PGP) often consult physical therapists for help and are treated with different therapies without firm evidence for the effectiveness. Two randomized controlled trials have investigated the effect of stabilizing exercises for PGP. The most recent study demonstrated significant positive results in favour of exercises (Stuge ...
Liu Nai-Jiang - - 2006
Phospholipase C (PLC) activity has been implicated in multiple opioid-induced sequelae. The relevance of PLC-linked pathways to opioid actions is isoform-specific. Chronic morphine augments PLCbeta1 signaling while diminishing that of PLCbeta3. This suggests that PLCbeta1 makes an important contribution to opioid tolerance formation (PNAS 100: 13686-1369, 2003). In the present ...
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