Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 989
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Bialosky Joel E - - 2008
The mechanisms thorough which spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) exerts clinical effects are not established. A prior study has suggested a dorsal horn modulated effect; however, the role of subject expectation was not considered. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of subject expectation on hypoalgesia associated ...
Kachingwe Aimie F - - 2008
The purpose of this double-blind, randomized controlled pilot study was to compare the effectiveness of four physical therapy interventions in the treatment of primary shoulder impingement syndrome: 1) supervised exercise only, 2) supervised exercise with glenohumeral mobilizations, 3) supervised exercise with a mobilization-with-movement (MWM) technique, or 4) a control group ...
Long Audrey - - 2008
To determine whether outcomes could be changed after poor response to non-specific exercise therapy when the prescription was changed to specific, directional-preference exercises (McKenzie method). Patients who participated in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) and the alternative care phase immediately following formed the cohort for this case series. In an ...
Röijezon Ulrik - - 2008
Chronic neck pain is a common problem and is often associated with changes in sensorimotor functions, such as reduced proprioceptive acuity of the neck, altered coordination of the cervical muscles, and increased postural sway. In line with these findings there are studies supporting the efficacy of exercises targeting different aspects ...
McDonough S M - - 2008
Evidence supports the use of exercise for chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, adherence is often poor due to ongoing pain. Auricular acupuncture is a form of pain relief involving the stimulation of points on the outer ear corresponding with specific body parts. It may be a useful adjunct to ...
Macedo Luciana G - - 2008
Chronic low back pain remains a major health problem in Australia and around the world. Unfortunately the majority of treatments for this condition produce small effects because not all patients respond to each treatment. It appears that only 25-50% of patients respond to exercise. The two most popular types of ...
Klussmann André - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the predictors of musculoskeletal symptoms in the upper extremities and neck at visual display terminal (VDT) workstations. In a cross-sectional study 1,065 employees working at VDT > 1 h/d completed a standardised questionnaire. Workstation conditions were documented in a ...
Hollinghurst Sandra S Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2AA. - - 2008
An economic evaluation of therapeutic massage, exercise, and lessons in the Alexander technique for treating persistent back pain. Cost consequences study and cost effectiveness analysis at 12 month follow-up of a factorial randomised controlled trial. 579 patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain recruited from primary care. Normal care ...
Little Paul P Primary Care Group, Community Clinical Sciences Division, University of Southampton, Aldermoor Health Centre, Southampton SO16 5ST. - - 2008
To determine the effectiveness of lessons in the Alexander technique, massage therapy, and advice from a doctor to take exercise (exercise prescription) along with nurse delivered behavioural counselling for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. Factorial randomised trial. 64 general practices in England. 579 patients with chronic or recurrent ...
Godges Joseph J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: People with acute low back injury and fear-avoidance beliefs are at risk for remaining off work for an extended period of time. However, the effectiveness of intervention strategies for improving return-to-work status in people with acute low back pain and fear-avoidance beliefs has not been reported. The ...
Standaert Christopher J - - 2007
Although there are a wide variety of therapeutic exercises that have been proposed as treatments for low back pain (LBP), the last 20 years have seen the development of a substantial focus on the use of exercises that are intended to address intersegmental stability in the lumbar spine. These exercise ...
Kuukkanen Tiina - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Therapeutic exercise has been shown to be beneficial in decreasing pain and in increasing functioning in patients with chronic low back pain. However, longitudinal follow-up studies are small in number, and often limited in the numbers of subjects due to drop-outs. In addition there is a shortage ...
Rutledge Dana N DN Department of Nursing, California State University, Fullerton, CA 92834-6868, USA. - - 2007
We determined--in women with fibromyalgia (FM)--effects of essential oils used with a 12-week exercise program on exercise volume, pain, physical performance, and physical function. This was a randomized clinical trial comparing 024 essential oil with sham oil combined with exercise. SETTINGS included community sites in southern California. The study included ...
Sabaté J-M - - 2008
Tegaserod relieves overall and multiple individual constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) symptoms. However, mechanisms for the relief of abdominal pain/discomfort are not well understood. The effects of tegaserod on rectal sensitivity to distension were measured by the nociceptive flexion RIII reflex, as evidenced by spinal hyperexcitability (i.e. increase or facilitation ...
Miller J S - - 2009
The National Health Service is developing an ethos of self-care. Patients are being encouraged to become proficient in helping themselves. This has long been a philosophy of the physiotherapy profession, where self-care between consultations has been an integral part of the treatment process through encouraging the uptake of self-care skills ...
Silva Luciana E - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of hydrotherapy in subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee compared with subjects with OA of the knee who performed land-based exercises. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-four subjects with OA of the knee were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 ...
Davim Rejane Marie Barbosa - - 2007
This descriptive study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Non-Pharmacological Strategies (NFS) on pain relief of parturients as part of a research instrument to be utilized in a Doctoral Dissertation. In order to evaluate the NFS, the Analogous Visual Scale (AVS) was used on 30 parturients attended at the Humanized ...
Munguía-Izquierdo D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare the cognitive function performance in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) with respect healthy controls and to evaluate the short-term efficacy of exercise therapy in a warm, chest-high pool on pain and cognitive function in women with FM. METHODS: Sixty middle-aged women with FM were randomly assigned to either ...
Nahhas Rodacki Cíntia L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral discs are exposed to compressive forces, which produces fluid loss. This loss decreases disc height, spinal length and consequently overall stature. The loss of stature has been associated with spine loading and low back pain. Abdominal exercises increase intra-abdominal pressure and unload the spine. The purpose of this ...
Ray Chester A - - 2007
The purpose of the current study was to determine if exercise-induced muscle pain is modulated by central neural mechanisms (i.e. higher brain systems). Ratings of muscle pain perception (MPP) and perceived exertion (RPE), muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), arterial pressure, and heart rate were measured during fatiguing isometric handgrip (IHG) ...
Sjolie A N - - 2007
This study compared the physical performance of adolescents in 1997 and 1968. The material included 1329 15-year-old Norwegian adolescents in Akershus county in Norway in 1968, and 1105 15-year-old adolescents in the same region in 1997. The investigations were supervised by the same conductor on both occasions, and used identical ...
Jones M A - - 2007
This study evaluated the efficacy of an exercise programme as an intervention for recurrent non-specific low-back pain (NLSBP) in adolescents. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with an experimental group (n = 27, age 14.6 years) who participated in an 8-week exercise programme and a matched control group (n = ...
Bhatia R - - 2007
The role of central versus peripheral mechanisms has always been questioned while explaining the etiopathogenesis of chronic tension type headache (CTTH). The following study was done to study the role of muscle spasm in CTTH. 15 patients of CTTH and 7 age matched controls were included in the study and ...
Browder David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this multicenter randomized clinical trial was to examine the effectiveness of an extension-oriented treatment approach (EOTA) in a subgroup of subjects with low back pain (LBP) who were hypothesized to benefit from the treatment compared with similar subjects who received a lumbar spine strengthening ...
Kuphal Karen E - - 2007
Physical exercise is often recommended to patients who have chronic pain. However, only a small number of studies report exercise-induced analgesia in the setting of inflammatory pain, and even fewer relate long-term exercise to reductions in neuropathic pain. To address these questions, we evaluated the effect of extended swimming exercise ...
Al-Herz Adeeba - - 2008
We evaluated the effect of exercise therapy on back pain, spinal range of motion (ROM), and disability in persons with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). Persons with symptomatic DISH received a daily exercise program for 24 weeks consisting of mobility, stretching, and strengthening exercises for the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar ...
Krekoukias Georgios - - 2009
Lumbar spine accessory movements, used by therapists in the treatment of patients with low back pain, is thought to decrease paravertebral muscular activity; however there is little research to support this suggestion. This study investigated the effects of lumbar spine accessory movements on surface electromyography (sEMG) activity of erector spinae. ...
Wessels Tina - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To identify relevant changes in process variables that are associated with outcome following an exercise and a multidisciplinary secondary prevention program for low back pain. METHODS: Data from a randomized controlled clinical trial to examine the effectiveness of an exercise and a multidisciplinary prevention program were analyzed using multiple ...
Foster Nadine E - - 2007
To investigate the benefit of adding acupuncture to a course of advice and exercise delivered by physiotherapists for pain reduction in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Multicentre, randomised controlled trial. 37 physiotherapy centres accepting primary care patients referred from general practitioners in the Midlands, United Kingdom. 352 adults aged ...
Koltyn Kelli F - - 2007
Only a small amount of research has been conducted examining whether exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) occurs after isometric exercise. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to examine whether EIH occurred in women after short-duration submaximal isometric exercise and whether the responses were restricted to the exercised hand (ipsilateral) or also ...
Jones Michelle - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a specific 8-week exercise rehabilitation program as an intervention to treat recurrent nonspecific low back pain in adolescents. A randomized controlled trial involving 54 adolescents (14.6 +/- 0.6 years) who suffered from recurrent nonspecific low back pain participated in ...
O'Leary Shaun - - 2007
This study compared the effect of 2 specific cervical flexor muscle exercise protocols on immediate pain relief in the cervical spine of people with chronic neck pain. In addition, the study evaluated whether these exercise protocols elicited any systemic effects by studying sympathetic nervous system (SNS) function and pain at ...
van Tulder Maurits - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Critical appraisal of the literature. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess if results of back pain trials are statistically significant and clinically important. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There seems to be a discrepancy between conclusions reported by authors and actual results of randomized controlled trials. ...
Sokunbi Oluwaleke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is evidence demonstrating the efficacy of stabilisation exercises in the management of acute and chronic low back disorders. However, the main facilitation techniques behind the efficacy of this exercise still remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the changes in the plasma levels ...
Arnhjort T - - 2007
Thrombosis of the upper extremity (UEDVT) is an uncommon disease with an incidence of 2-3% of all deep vein thromboses. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of thrombophilia, post-thrombotic symptoms (PTS), and the rate of complications and recurrences in patients with primary UEDVT, which includes idiopathic ...
Hongo M - - 2007
Randomized controlled study in 80 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis was conducted to investigate the effect of a home-based, simple, low-intensity exercise. Low-intensity back-strengthening exercise was effective in improving the quality of life and back extensor strength. INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Back-strengthening exercise is effective in increasing back extensor strength and decreasing ...
Pengel Liset H M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Advice and exercise are widely recommended for subacute low back pain, but the effectiveness of these interventions is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of physiotherapist-prescribed exercise, advice, or both for subacute low back pain. DESIGN: Factorial randomized, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: 7 university hospitals and primary care clinics in ...
Scheike Morten - - 2007
To analyse the outcome of exercise testing and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in primary care patients with chest pain of new onset. Prospective, observational. Patients aged 20-79 years, consulting due to chest pain of new onset, were enrolled consecutively. Three primary care health centres in south-eastern Sweden. 191 patients where ...
Phillips Ceib - - 2007
The primary research hypothesis was that the magnitude and duration of the perceived burden from altered sensation reported by patients after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and trauma to the third division of the trigeminal nerve are decreased when facial sensory retraining exercises are performed in conjunction with standard opening exercises ...
Ylinen J - - 2007
AIM: The objective of the trial was to evaluate whether the positive results achieved with a one-year training regimen in patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain would have long-standing effects. METHODS: A follow-up study of two neck muscle training groups after a randomized controlled study was carried out. One-hundred and ...
Liddle Sarah Dianne - - 2007
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences, opinions and treatment expectations of chronic low back pain (LBP) patients in order to identify what components of treatment they consider as being of most value. METHOD: Three stand-alone focus groups were convened. All participants were experiencing chronic non-specific LBP (>3 months). Each group was ...
Campbell Claudia M - - 2008
A substantial body of literature suggests that the experience of both clinical and experimental pain differs among ethnic groups, with African Americans generally reporting greater sensitivity to chronic and experimentally induced pain when compared to non-Hispanic whites. However, no studies to date have examined nociceptive processes that may underlie these ...
Matsutani L A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of a treatment composed of muscle stretching exercises, associated or not to laser therapy at tender points, for patients with fibromyalgia (FM), in view of bettering their quality of life. METHODS: Twenty FM patients were randomly assigned to two groups: one submitted to laser therapy ...
Rhudy Jamie L - - 2007
Pain may be a barrier or a negative outcome of initiating and maintaining an exercise program in elderly patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of pain in a program designed to increase walking for exercise in 181 veteran primary care patients (60 - 80 years). ...
Slade Susan C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of unloaded movement facilitation exercises on outcomes for people with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to Cochrane Back Review Group and Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUORUM) guidelines. Exercise effects were ...
Motl Robert W - - 2007
Quadriceps muscle pain is a naturally occurring consequence of moderate- to high-intensity cycle ergometry. The present study involved an examination of self-efficacy for tolerating muscle pain during exercise as a correlate of muscle pain during maximal and submaximal cycle ergometry. Young adult females (n=16) who were healthy and regularly physically ...
Nørregaard J - - 2007
AIM: Prognosis and treatment of Achilles tendon pain (achillodynia) has been insufficiently studied. The purpose of the present study was to examine the long-term effect of eccentric exercises compared with stretching exercises on patients with achillodynia. METHODS: Patients with achillodynia for at least 3 months were randomly allocated to one ...
Dixon S - - 2007
Background: Lungs exposed to particulate debris may be damaged by proteolytic enzymes during phagocytosis. Damage is worse if patients are deficient in alpha1-antitrypsin (A1AT), which helps neutralise these enzymes. We investigated the possibility that A1AT deficiency contributes to aseptic loosening following total hip replacement (THR) when wear particles are phagocytosed. ...
Hoffman Martin D - - 2007
Aerobic exercise can cause an acute improvement in mood as well as a reduction in the perception of pain from a painful stimulus. Regular exercise training also may offer some protection from depression, is clinically useful in treating certain psychiatric and chronic pain conditions, and may allow for an enhancement ...
Macias Brandon R - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine whether lower body negative pressure (LBNP) treadmill exercise maintains lumbar spinal compressive properties, curvature, and back muscle strength after 28 days of 6 degrees head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest (BR). We hypothesize that LBNP treadmill exercise will maintain lumbar spine compressibility, lumbar ...
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