Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 966
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Browder David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this multicenter randomized clinical trial was to examine the effectiveness of an extension-oriented treatment approach (EOTA) in a subgroup of subjects with low back pain (LBP) who were hypothesized to benefit from the treatment compared with similar subjects who received a lumbar spine strengthening ...
Kuphal Karen E - - 2007
Physical exercise is often recommended to patients who have chronic pain. However, only a small number of studies report exercise-induced analgesia in the setting of inflammatory pain, and even fewer relate long-term exercise to reductions in neuropathic pain. To address these questions, we evaluated the effect of extended swimming exercise ...
Al-Herz Adeeba - - 2008
We evaluated the effect of exercise therapy on back pain, spinal range of motion (ROM), and disability in persons with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). Persons with symptomatic DISH received a daily exercise program for 24 weeks consisting of mobility, stretching, and strengthening exercises for the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar ...
Krekoukias Georgios - - 2009
Lumbar spine accessory movements, used by therapists in the treatment of patients with low back pain, is thought to decrease paravertebral muscular activity; however there is little research to support this suggestion. This study investigated the effects of lumbar spine accessory movements on surface electromyography (sEMG) activity of erector spinae. ...
Wessels Tina - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To identify relevant changes in process variables that are associated with outcome following an exercise and a multidisciplinary secondary prevention program for low back pain. METHODS: Data from a randomized controlled clinical trial to examine the effectiveness of an exercise and a multidisciplinary prevention program were analyzed using multiple ...
Foster Nadine E - - 2007
To investigate the benefit of adding acupuncture to a course of advice and exercise delivered by physiotherapists for pain reduction in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Multicentre, randomised controlled trial. 37 physiotherapy centres accepting primary care patients referred from general practitioners in the Midlands, United Kingdom. 352 adults aged ...
Koltyn Kelli F - - 2007
Only a small amount of research has been conducted examining whether exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) occurs after isometric exercise. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to examine whether EIH occurred in women after short-duration submaximal isometric exercise and whether the responses were restricted to the exercised hand (ipsilateral) or also ...
Jones Michelle - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a specific 8-week exercise rehabilitation program as an intervention to treat recurrent nonspecific low back pain in adolescents. A randomized controlled trial involving 54 adolescents (14.6 +/- 0.6 years) who suffered from recurrent nonspecific low back pain participated in ...
O'Leary Shaun - - 2007
This study compared the effect of 2 specific cervical flexor muscle exercise protocols on immediate pain relief in the cervical spine of people with chronic neck pain. In addition, the study evaluated whether these exercise protocols elicited any systemic effects by studying sympathetic nervous system (SNS) function and pain at ...
van Tulder Maurits - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Critical appraisal of the literature. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess if results of back pain trials are statistically significant and clinically important. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There seems to be a discrepancy between conclusions reported by authors and actual results of randomized controlled trials. ...
Sokunbi Oluwaleke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is evidence demonstrating the efficacy of stabilisation exercises in the management of acute and chronic low back disorders. However, the main facilitation techniques behind the efficacy of this exercise still remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the changes in the plasma levels ...
Arnhjort T - - 2007
Thrombosis of the upper extremity (UEDVT) is an uncommon disease with an incidence of 2-3% of all deep vein thromboses. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of thrombophilia, post-thrombotic symptoms (PTS), and the rate of complications and recurrences in patients with primary UEDVT, which includes idiopathic ...
Hongo M - - 2007
Randomized controlled study in 80 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis was conducted to investigate the effect of a home-based, simple, low-intensity exercise. Low-intensity back-strengthening exercise was effective in improving the quality of life and back extensor strength. INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Back-strengthening exercise is effective in increasing back extensor strength and decreasing ...
Pengel Liset H M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Advice and exercise are widely recommended for subacute low back pain, but the effectiveness of these interventions is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of physiotherapist-prescribed exercise, advice, or both for subacute low back pain. DESIGN: Factorial randomized, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: 7 university hospitals and primary care clinics in ...
Scheike Morten - - 2007
To analyse the outcome of exercise testing and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in primary care patients with chest pain of new onset. Prospective, observational. Patients aged 20-79 years, consulting due to chest pain of new onset, were enrolled consecutively. Three primary care health centres in south-eastern Sweden. 191 patients where ...
Phillips Ceib - - 2007
The primary research hypothesis was that the magnitude and duration of the perceived burden from altered sensation reported by patients after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and trauma to the third division of the trigeminal nerve are decreased when facial sensory retraining exercises are performed in conjunction with standard opening exercises ...
Ylinen J - - 2007
AIM: The objective of the trial was to evaluate whether the positive results achieved with a one-year training regimen in patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain would have long-standing effects. METHODS: A follow-up study of two neck muscle training groups after a randomized controlled study was carried out. One-hundred and ...
Liddle Sarah Dianne - - 2007
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences, opinions and treatment expectations of chronic low back pain (LBP) patients in order to identify what components of treatment they consider as being of most value. METHOD: Three stand-alone focus groups were convened. All participants were experiencing chronic non-specific LBP (>3 months). Each group was ...
Campbell Claudia M - - 2008
A substantial body of literature suggests that the experience of both clinical and experimental pain differs among ethnic groups, with African Americans generally reporting greater sensitivity to chronic and experimentally induced pain when compared to non-Hispanic whites. However, no studies to date have examined nociceptive processes that may underlie these ...
Matsutani L A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of a treatment composed of muscle stretching exercises, associated or not to laser therapy at tender points, for patients with fibromyalgia (FM), in view of bettering their quality of life. METHODS: Twenty FM patients were randomly assigned to two groups: one submitted to laser therapy ...
Rhudy Jamie L - - 2007
Pain may be a barrier or a negative outcome of initiating and maintaining an exercise program in elderly patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of pain in a program designed to increase walking for exercise in 181 veteran primary care patients (60 - 80 years). ...
Slade Susan C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of unloaded movement facilitation exercises on outcomes for people with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to Cochrane Back Review Group and Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUORUM) guidelines. Exercise effects were ...
Motl Robert W - - 2007
Quadriceps muscle pain is a naturally occurring consequence of moderate- to high-intensity cycle ergometry. The present study involved an examination of self-efficacy for tolerating muscle pain during exercise as a correlate of muscle pain during maximal and submaximal cycle ergometry. Young adult females (n=16) who were healthy and regularly physically ...
Nørregaard J - - 2007
AIM: Prognosis and treatment of Achilles tendon pain (achillodynia) has been insufficiently studied. The purpose of the present study was to examine the long-term effect of eccentric exercises compared with stretching exercises on patients with achillodynia. METHODS: Patients with achillodynia for at least 3 months were randomly allocated to one ...
Dixon S - - 2007
Background: Lungs exposed to particulate debris may be damaged by proteolytic enzymes during phagocytosis. Damage is worse if patients are deficient in alpha1-antitrypsin (A1AT), which helps neutralise these enzymes. We investigated the possibility that A1AT deficiency contributes to aseptic loosening following total hip replacement (THR) when wear particles are phagocytosed. ...
Hoffman Martin D - - 2007
Aerobic exercise can cause an acute improvement in mood as well as a reduction in the perception of pain from a painful stimulus. Regular exercise training also may offer some protection from depression, is clinically useful in treating certain psychiatric and chronic pain conditions, and may allow for an enhancement ...
Macias Brandon R - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine whether lower body negative pressure (LBNP) treadmill exercise maintains lumbar spinal compressive properties, curvature, and back muscle strength after 28 days of 6 degrees head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest (BR). We hypothesize that LBNP treadmill exercise will maintain lumbar spine compressibility, lumbar ...
Falla Deborah - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Poor sitting posture has been implicated in the development and perpetuation of neck pain symptoms. This study had 2 purposes: (1) to compare change in cervical and thoracic posture during a distracting task between subjects with chronic neck pain and control subjects and (2) to compare the ...
Ylinen J - - 2007
Despite chronic neck pain being so common in the population, few randomized studies have evaluated exercise methods in treating the neck disorders. The aim of this review was to reassess the effectiveness of different exercise methods in relieving pain and improving disability in patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain. Ten ...
Jull Gwendolen - - 2007
This study compared the effects of conventional proprioceptive training and craniocervical flexion (C-CF) training on cervical joint position error (JPE) in people with persistent neck pain. The aim was to evaluate whether proprioceptive training was superior in improving proprioceptive acuity compared to another form of exercise, which has been shown ...
Gowans Susan E - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The benefits of general aerobic exercise for individuals with fibromyalgia have been established. Recently, there have been a number of randomized controlled trials that evaluate the benefits of pool exercise for fibromyalgia. This review will integrate the results of eight pool exercise studies that have been published ...
Birrell Stewart A - - 2007
This study aimed to identify the types, incidence, and causes of any potential load carriage injuries or discomfort as a result of a 2-hour, forced-speed, treadmill march carrying 20 kg. Subjective load carriage data were collected, through both interviews and questionnaires, from relatively inexperienced soldiers after a period of load ...
Ditto Blaine - - 2007
Acute and chronic increases in blood pressure have been related to decreases in pain perception. This phenomenon has been studied primarily using acute experimental pain stimuli. To extend the literature to naturalistic pain and in particular the problem of silent cardiac ischemia, this study examined the relationship between blood pressure ...
Karatay Saliha - - 2007
This study was performed to determine the effects of short-term dynamic exercise on serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels in the patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Patients with RA or AS and healthy controls were recruited. Dynamic treadmill exercise ...
Teyhen Deydre S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A clinical prediction rule (CPR) has been reported to identify patients with low back pain who are likely to benefit from stabilization exercises. The aim of this study was to characterize the spinal motion, using digital fluoroscopic video, of a subgroup of subjects with low back pain. ...
Ang Dennis - - 2007
The objective of the study is to determine the effects of motivational interviewing (MI), a novel technique of behavioral counseling to promote exercise, on pain and physical function in patients with fibromyalgia (FMS). Patients who met the American College of Rheumatology criteria for FMS and had a visual analog pain ...
Chatzitheodorou Dimitris - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Given the complex nature of chronic pain, the effects of high-intensity aerobic exercise on pain, disability, psychological strain, and serum cortisol concentrations in people with chronic low back pain were investigated. SUBJECTS: Twenty subjects receiving primary health care were randomly allocated into exercise and control groups. METHODS: ...
Isma Nazim - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate weather early supervised exercise improves recanalization of acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and reduces symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From September 2001 to March 2004, of 381 patients, 72 eligible patients were included and with a mean age 54 +/- 14 ...
Likar Rudolf - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Opioid receptors are expressed on peripheral nerve endings and opioid peptides (beta-endorphin, END) are produced in various immune cells of synovial tissue after knee trauma. Because corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) acts through its receptors on END-containing immune cells, this randomized controlled trial investigated whether the intra-articular (IA) injection of CRH ...
Poreisz Csaba - - 2007
Cortical excitability changes induced by tDCS and revealed by TMS, are increasingly being used as an index of neuronal plasticity in the human cortex. The aim of this paper is to summarize the partially adverse effects of 567 tDCS sessions over motor and non-motor cortical areas (occipital, temporal, parietal) from ...
Ferreira Manuela L - - 2007
Practice guidelines recommend various types of exercise and manipulative therapy for chronic back pain but there have been few head-to-head comparisons of these interventions. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare effects of general exercise, motor control exercise and manipulative therapy on function and perceived effect of intervention in ...
ADDO, OPPONG YAW
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the number one musculoskeletal disorder in the developed world and it ranks among the top problems of the health care systems in developed countries. Osteoarthritis is estimated to cost western countries such as Australia, Canada, United Kingdom and France as well as Western Europe as high ...
Kietrys David M - - 2007
At-work exercises are commonly recommended for computer operators. This randomized control trial assessed adherence, pain and satisfaction after 4 weeks of at-work exercise. Subjects (n=72) were randomized into 3 groups: resistance exercise, stretching, and control. Outcomes included a satisfaction survey, a visual analogue pain scale (VAS), a pain drawing, and ...
Brown Molly M - - 2007
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), and fibromyalgia (FM) commonly co-occur. Some propose that CFS, MCS, and FM are manifestations of the same illness based on high rates of co-occurrence and overlapping diagnostic criteria. This study seeks to differentiate these diagnoses by comparing individuals with one or more ...
Giubilei Gianluca - - 2007
PURPOSE: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a major healthcare burden. Affected patient quality of life is poor and currently no investigated treatments have significant long-term benefit. We performed a preliminary investigation of the role of physical activity and its effects on select patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. ...
El-Ansary Doa - - 2007
QUESTION: Do trunk stabilisation exercises reduce sternal separation and pain, and improve the quality and control of the performance of tasks in individuals with chronic sternal instability? DESIGN: Randomised crossover study with concealed allocation and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Nine individuals with chronic sternal instability following a median sternotomy for cardiac ...
Nash Mark S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of circuit resistance exercise (CRT) training on muscle strength, endurance, anaerobic power, and shoulder pain in middle-aged men with paraplegia. DESIGN: Repeated testing. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Seven men (age range, 39-58y) with motor-complete paraplegia from T5 to T12 and confirmed shoulder pain occurring ...
Djavid Gholamreza Esmaeeli - - 2007
QUESTION: Is low level laser therapy an effective adjuvant intervention for chronic low back pain? DESIGN: Randomised trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessors and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-one patients who had low back pain for at least 12 weeks. INTERVENTION: One group received laser therapy alone, one received laser therapy ...
O'Leary Shaun - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A multivariate repeated-measures independent-group study design. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of a craniocervical flexion exercise (CCFEx) program to that of a conventional cervical flexion exercise (CFEx) program in training isometric craniocervical flexor muscle performance. BACKGROUND: The craniocervical flexor muscles are important muscles of the cervical spine, as ...
Helewa Antoine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of therapeutic exercises and sleeping neck support contoured pillows on patients with chronic neck pain. METHODS: Using a factorial design in a prospective clinical trial, participants were equally allocated at random to 4 treatment groups in the study: (1) placebo control, of hot or cold ...
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