Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 993
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Barton Garry R - - 2009
To estimate the cost effectiveness of four different lifestyle interventions for knee pain. Cost utility analysis of randomised controlled trial. Five general practices in the United Kingdom. 389 adults aged > or = 45 with self reported knee pain and body mass index (BMI) > or = 28. Dietary intervention ...
Slade Susan C - - 2009
QUESTION: What factors do participants in exercise programs for chronic low back pain perceive to be important for engagement and participation? DESIGN: Qualitative study of three focus groups. PARTICIPANTS: 18 adults with chronic low back pain who had participated in exercise programs for chronic low back pain. RESULTS: All focus ...
Felderman Howard - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral shoulder dislocations are extremely rare occurrences. OBJECTIVE: We present an unusual case where the patient suffered simultaneous bilateral anterior shoulder dislocations during chin-up exercises. To our knowledge, this mechanism has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department (ED) complaining of ...
Hodges Paul - - 2009
Exercise is one of the few effective treatments for LBP. Although exercise is often based on the premise of reduced spinal stiffness, trunk muscle adaptation may increase stiffness. This study developed and validated a method to assess trunk stiffness and damping, and tested these parameters in 14 people with recurring ...
Macedo Luciana G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews have concluded that the effectiveness of motor control exercise for persistent low back pain has not been clearly established. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of motor control exercises for persistent low back pain. METHODS: Electronic ...
Hudes Karen - - 2008
This study was conducted to discuss the treatment and management of a patient presenting with acute idiopathic costochondritis. 64 year old male patient presenting with acute anterior chest pain of one week duration. High-velocity low-amplitude thrust manipulation was used to the zygapophyseal joints of the thoracic spine, costotransverse, and costochondral ...
Limke J C - - 2008
AIM: Progressive resistance exercises (PRE) are prescribed to reverse the deconditioning associated with chronic back pain. The spine rehabilitation program has utilized 2 sets of progressive resistance exercises during each session, with increased resistance between sets, and with successive sessions. Exercise literature has challenged the need for multiple sets of ...
Hiraba Hisao - - 2008
Patients with low-back pain can be evaluated immediately by means of an electrical tool that produces bony vibration to the lumbar spinal processes (Yrjama M, Vanharanta H. Bony vibrotactile stimulation: A new, non-invasive method for examining intradiscal pain. European Spine Journal 1994;3:233-235). In the rehabilitation of masticatory disturbance and dysphagia, ...
Ekstrom Richard A - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-group, repeated-measures design. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the longissimus thoracis and lumbar multifidi muscle activity with surface electromyography (EMG) during exercises used in back rehabilitation programs. BACKGROUND: Physical therapists use a variety of exercises when rehabilitating patients with low back pain (LBP). EMG analysis of exercises can provide ...
Chantler Ingrid - - 2009
We assessed the efficacy of diclofenac potassium, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, in alleviating menstrual pain and restoring exercise performance to that measured in the late-follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. Twelve healthy young women with a history of primary dysmenorrhea completed, in a random order, laboratory exercise-testing sessions when they ...
Rasmussen Jens - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Both exercises and manipulation are recommended as basic therapy in back diseases, while a possible synergistic effect of these treatments have not been clarified. This study was conducted to test a possible further effect of manipulation as adjunct to extension exercises for unspecific LBP. METHODS: 72 patients with chronic ...
Kulig Kornelia - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tibialis posterior tendinopathy can lead to debilitating dysfunction. This study examined the effectiveness of orthoses and resistance exercise in the early management of tibialis posterior tendinopathy. SUBJECTS: Thirty-six adults with stage I or II tibialis posterior tendinopathy participated in this study. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to ...
Canavan Paul K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an individualized physical therapy (PT) program for a subject with pectus excavatum and bilateral shoulder pain. DESIGN: Single-case study of a man diagnosed with moderate-to-severe pectus excavatum and constant bilateral shoulder pain. Exercise tolerance was measured through the Bruce protocol and home exercise log, ...
Nash Mark S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Test effects of pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchairs (PAPAWs) on the energetics and perceptual responses to steady-state and intensity-graded wheelchair propulsion in persons with paraplegia and tetraplegia having chronic shoulder pain. DESIGN: Test, retest with a control condition. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects (N=18) aged 19 to 70 years with ...
Auvinen Juha P - - 2008
PURPOSE: We examined the associations between participation in different sports and exercise activities and neck, shoulder, and low back pains in adolescents. METHODS: This population-based study included the members of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986, who, at the age of 15 to 16 yr, completed a questionnaire including items ...
Endleman Irit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess activity of transversus abdominis (TrA) and obliquus internus abdominis (OI) muscles during classical Pilates exercises performed correctly and incorrectly, and with or without equipment. DESIGN: Repeated-measures descriptive study. SETTING: Pilates studio. PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample of women (n=18) and men (n=8), mean age +/- SD (43+/-14y), with ...
Voerman G E - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the association between subjective spasticity ratings and objective spasticity measurement using a new tool for spasticity assessment, that is long-term surface electromyography (sEMG) recordings during daily activities. For monitoring, processing and analysis of this long-term sEMG data, a muscle activity detection algorithm was developed. METHOD: sEMG of ...
Liang Huey-Wen - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Continuous typing is likely to induce mental and/or muscular fatigue, which contributes to musculoskeletal discomfort. Our goals were to describe the temporal changes in symptoms and interkeypress intervals (IKIs) of each hand during continuous typing. The effects of demographic characteristics and time on the IKI were examined. METHODS: Twenty-four ...
Ries Lilian Gerdi Kittel - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate the stability and the distribution of weight of individuals with TMD (Temporomandibular Disorder) when placed in an orthostatic position. Forty female volunteers, participating in this study, were distributed into a control and a TMD group. Clinical examinations of the craniomandibular system and ...
Sokunbi O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the patients' perception of the treatment with spinal stabilisation exercises and their overall experience of the treatment programme. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elicit valuable information of the experiences of patients who participated in a spinal stabilisation programme within a randomised ...
Alentorn-Geli Eduard - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a 6-week traditional exercise program with supplementary whole-body vibration (WBV) in improving health status, physical functioning, and main symptoms of fibromyalgia (FM) in women with FM. METHODS: Thirty-six (36) women with FM (mean +/- standard error of the ...
Teyhen Deydre S - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. OBJECTIVES: To characterize changes in muscle thickness in the transversus abdominis (TrA) and internal oblique (IO) muscles during common trunk-strengthening exercises, and to determine whether these changes differ based on age. BACKGROUND: Although trunk-strengthening exercises have been found to be useful in treating those with ...
Lecompte Jennyfer - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Neck pain is common in fighter pilots due to repeated exposure to high +Gz loads, but studies comparing neck function in symptomatic and healthy fighter pilots are lacking. This study compared neck strength and EMG activity during maximal isometric contractions in a sitting position in the sagittal and coronal ...
Hultenheim Klintberg Ingrid - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical changes with two protocols of physiotherapy following arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) over two years. Reliability of Functional Index of the Shoulder was performed. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized pilot study, within-subject design. SUBJECTS: Thirty-four shoulders (13 women), mean age 46 (SD 7) years with primary shoulder impingement, ...
Piche T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have increased intestinal permeability. In addition, mucosal soluble mediators are involved in the pathophysiology of pain in IBS. We aimed to investigate (1) paracellular permeability in colonic biopsies of patients with IBS; and (2) the ability of soluble factors ...
Henchoz Yves - - 2008
We reviewed the literature to clarify the effects of exercise in preventing and treating nonspecific low back pain. We evaluated several characteristics of exercise programs including specificity, individual tailoring, supervision, motivation enhancement, volume, and intensity. The results show that exercise is effective in the primary and secondary prevention of low ...
Curnow Dorothy - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to compare the effects of three different Pilates regimes on chronic, mild low back pain symptoms and to determine whether the efficiency of load transfer through the pelvis is improved by those exercises. A between subjects equivalent group experimental design was used. The independent ...
Wiedemann Anna Maria AM Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charite University Medical Center Berlin, - - 2008
In the so far published trials on qigong and exercise therapies, the methods and especially the interventions applied are rarely described in detail. Therefore, we report on the development of the interventions, the study design and protocols of a randomised controlled multi-centre trial. The aim of the study was to ...
Norris Christopher - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A controlled clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of an integrated back stability (IBS) programme on a chronic low back pain (CLBP) population in a time restricted private clinic environment. BACKGROUND: Studies assessing stability training CLBP have reported inconsistent results. Methods used within trials vary, with some ...
Geisser Michael E ME Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108, USA. - - 2008
Exercise and stress are known to influence pain perception. However, little is known about how level of fitness influences pain perception and the experience of pain. In the present study, pain perception before and after exercise to exhaustion was examined in 6 rats systematically bred to have a high aerobic ...
Helmhout Pieter H - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A report on plenary presentations and discussions of an expert panel and workshop ("Exercise as a treatment for subacute low back pain") that was held at the Amsterdam Forum VIII on Low Back Pain Research in Primary Care. OBJECTIVE: To highlight important issues regarding the design, conduct, and ...
Hollander Daniel B - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to determine whether muscle contraction type (concentric [CON] or eccentric [ECC]) or loading (relative or absolute) has a greater impact on the perceptual and metabolic responses to conventional resistance exercise. Additionally, overall effort, pain sensations, and specific pain descriptors were compared with physiological responses. ...
Tekur Padmini P Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Research Foundation (SVYASA), Bangalore, India. - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a short-term intensive residential yoga program with physical exercise (control) on pain and spinal flexibility in subjects with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). This was a wait-list, randomized controlled study. The study was conducted at a residential integrative health center ...
Marshall Paul W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in 2 electromyographic measures, flexion relaxation (FR) response and feed-forward activation of the deep abdominals, associated with low back pain (LBP) after different rehabilitation interventions. DESIGN: A 2x2 factorial design with subjects' self-selecting treatment with randomization after 4 weeks to either the specific exercise group ...
Hwang Ji Hye - - 2008
PURPOSE: Postoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer has a number of associated complications. This study examined whether supervised moderate-intensity exercise could mitigate the complications that occur during radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty women were randomized before radiotherapy after various operations for breast cancer. Seventeen patients who were assigned to the exercise ...
Gross Douglas P - - 2008
We studied the impact of acute opioid administration on work-related exercise performance in patients with chronic back pain. A double-blinded, random-order, placebo-controlled, crossover trial was conducted. Subjects were predominantly men (63%), with a mean age of 49 years. Subjects performed a continuous lifting and lowering test to voluntary fatigue at ...
Guck Thomas P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The goal violation effect (GVE), a component of the relapse process model, occurs when patients make internal, stable, global, and uncontrollable rather than external, unstable, specific, and controllable attributions about the causes for unmet goals. GVE consistent attributions lead to guilt and self-blame, reduced self-efficacy, and greater probability that ...
Fayad Fouad F Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cochin Hospital, 27 Rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, Paris Cedex 14, France. - - 2008
To determine variables among glenohumeral elevation and 3-dimensional scapular rotations that are related to shoulder function as assessed by the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand-Disability/Symptom (DASH-D/S) scale. Prospective, cross-sectional study. Eighty-eight patients with shoulder pain and limited range of motion were included. Each patient performed 2 full active ...
Srbely John Z - - 2008
Musculoskeletal pain affects a significant proportion of the general population. The myofascial trigger point is recognized as a key factor in the pathophysiology of musculoskeletal pain. Ultrasound is commonly employed in the treatment and management of soft tissue pain and, in this study, we set out to investigate the segmental ...
Kim Sang Kook - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the effect of exercise on C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with low back pain (LBP). The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of 8-week exercise intervention on CRP and physical function in automotive workers with LBP. METHODS: Thirteen male workers (40 +/- ...
Hall Jane - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature on the effectiveness of aquatic exercise in relieving pain in adults with neurologic or musculoskeletal disease. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search of 14 databases was examined for research on aquatic exercise over the period January 1980 to June 2006. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials ...
Dylla Jacquelyn - - 2008
MSDs are so prevalent among dental professions that they are considered an occupational problem. Often the culprits in MSDs are poor body alignment and faulty movement mechanics that place abnormal stress on pain-sensitive tissue that becomes chronic if not corrected. As preventive specialists, dental hygienists need to be aware of ...
Reneman Michiel F - - 2008
The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship of general and specific self-efficacy (SE) beliefs with functional capacity evaluation (FCE) performances in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CLBP), while controlling for influence of gender, age, and self-reported pain intensity, self-esteem, disability, psychosocial distress and health status. ...
Gliottoni Rachael C - - 2008
This experiment examined the effect of a moderate dose of caffeine on perceptions of leg-muscle pain during a bout of high-intensity cycling exercise and the role of anxiety sensitivity in the hypoalgesic effect of caffeine on muscle pain during exercise. Sixteen college-age women ingested caffeine (5 mg/kg body weight) or ...
Andersen Lars L - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Muscle-specific strength training has previously been shown to be effective in the rehabilitation of chronic neck muscle pain in women. The aim of this study was to determine the level of activation of the neck and shoulder muscles using surface electromyography (EMG) during selected strengthening exercises in ...
Rijkers K - - 2008
A 20 year old male patient who had been successfully treated for epilepsy with vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for 7 years (50% seizure frequency reduction), had experienced multiple episodes of severe hoarseness, throat pain and impaired breathing during physical exercise. As malfunctioning of the pulse generator was suspected, it was ...
Ring Christopher - - 2008
Sensitivity to pain is reduced during exercise. The underlying mechanism has yet to be established. One possibility is that a baroreceptor-related mechanism may contribute to this exercise-induced hypoalgesia phenomenon. Accordingly, this study examined whether increases in arterial blood pressure during graded isometric exercise, which activate baroreceptors in the aortic arch ...
Marshall Paul - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen-week intervention for chronic patients with low back pain (LBP) with 9-month follow-up. Primary randomization at 4 weeks into either supervised Swiss ball exercise or an exercise advice group. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in disability and pain in individuals with chronic LBP after combined treatment and exercise interventions, ...
Jones K D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A subset of fibromyalgia (FM) patients have a dysfunctional hypothalamic-pituitary-insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) axis, as evidenced by low serum levels of IGF-1 and a reduced growth hormone (GH) response to physiologic stimuli. There is evidence that pyridostigmine (PYD) improves the acute response of GH to exercise in FM ...
Akuthota Venu - - 2008
Core stability is essential for proper load balance within the spine, pelvis, and kinetic chain. The so-called core is the group of trunk muscles that surround the spine and abdominal viscera. Abdominal, gluteal, hip girdle, paraspinal, and other muscles work in concert to provide spinal stability. Core stability and its ...
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