Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 966
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Wiedemann Anna Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the so far published trials on qigong and exercise therapies, the methods and especially the interventions applied are rarely described in detail. Therefore, we report on the development of the interventions, the study design and protocols of a randomised controlled multi-centre trial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study ...
Norris Christopher - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A controlled clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of an integrated back stability (IBS) programme on a chronic low back pain (CLBP) population in a time restricted private clinic environment. BACKGROUND: Studies assessing stability training CLBP have reported inconsistent results. Methods used within trials vary, with some ...
Geisser Michael E - - 2008
Exercise and stress are known to influence pain perception. However, little is known about how level of fitness influences pain perception and the experience of pain. In the present study, pain perception before and after exercise to exhaustion was examined in 6 rats systematically bred to have a high aerobic ...
Helmhout Pieter H - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A report on plenary presentations and discussions of an expert panel and workshop ("Exercise as a treatment for subacute low back pain") that was held at the Amsterdam Forum VIII on Low Back Pain Research in Primary Care. OBJECTIVE: To highlight important issues regarding the design, conduct, and ...
Marshall Paul W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in 2 electromyographic measures, flexion relaxation (FR) response and feed-forward activation of the deep abdominals, associated with low back pain (LBP) after different rehabilitation interventions. DESIGN: A 2x2 factorial design with subjects' self-selecting treatment with randomization after 4 weeks to either the specific exercise group ...
Tekur Padmini - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a short-term intensive residential yoga program with physical exercise (control) on pain and spinal flexibility in subjects with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: This was a wait-list, randomized controlled study. SETTING: The study was conducted at a residential ...
Hollander Daniel B - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to determine whether muscle contraction type (concentric [CON] or eccentric [ECC]) or loading (relative or absolute) has a greater impact on the perceptual and metabolic responses to conventional resistance exercise. Additionally, overall effort, pain sensations, and specific pain descriptors were compared with physiological responses. ...
Hwang Ji Hye - - 2008
PURPOSE: Postoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer has a number of associated complications. This study examined whether supervised moderate-intensity exercise could mitigate the complications that occur during radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty women were randomized before radiotherapy after various operations for breast cancer. Seventeen patients who were assigned to the exercise ...
Gross Douglas P - - 2008
We studied the impact of acute opioid administration on work-related exercise performance in patients with chronic back pain. A double-blinded, random-order, placebo-controlled, crossover trial was conducted. Subjects were predominantly men (63%), with a mean age of 49 years. Subjects performed a continuous lifting and lowering test to voluntary fatigue at ...
Fayad Fouad - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine variables among glenohumeral elevation and 3-dimensional scapular rotations that are related to shoulder function as assessed by the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand-Disability/Symptom (DASH-D/S) scale. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: Eighty-eight patients with shoulder pain and limited range of motion were included. METHODS: Each patient ...
Guck Thomas P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The goal violation effect (GVE), a component of the relapse process model, occurs when patients make internal, stable, global, and uncontrollable rather than external, unstable, specific, and controllable attributions about the causes for unmet goals. GVE consistent attributions lead to guilt and self-blame, reduced self-efficacy, and greater probability that ...
Srbely John Z - - 2008
Musculoskeletal pain affects a significant proportion of the general population. The myofascial trigger point is recognized as a key factor in the pathophysiology of musculoskeletal pain. Ultrasound is commonly employed in the treatment and management of soft tissue pain and, in this study, we set out to investigate the segmental ...
Kim Sang Kook - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the effect of exercise on C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with low back pain (LBP). The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of 8-week exercise intervention on CRP and physical function in automotive workers with LBP. METHODS: Thirteen male workers (40 +/- ...
Hall Jane - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature on the effectiveness of aquatic exercise in relieving pain in adults with neurologic or musculoskeletal disease. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search of 14 databases was examined for research on aquatic exercise over the period January 1980 to June 2006. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials ...
Dylla Jacquelyn - - 2008
MSDs are so prevalent among dental professions that they are considered an occupational problem. Often the culprits in MSDs are poor body alignment and faulty movement mechanics that place abnormal stress on pain-sensitive tissue that becomes chronic if not corrected. As preventive specialists, dental hygienists need to be aware of ...
Reneman Michiel F - - 2008
The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship of general and specific self-efficacy (SE) beliefs with functional capacity evaluation (FCE) performances in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CLBP), while controlling for influence of gender, age, and self-reported pain intensity, self-esteem, disability, psychosocial distress and health status. ...
Gliottoni Rachael C - - 2008
This experiment examined the effect of a moderate dose of caffeine on perceptions of leg-muscle pain during a bout of high-intensity cycling exercise and the role of anxiety sensitivity in the hypoalgesic effect of caffeine on muscle pain during exercise. Sixteen college-age women ingested caffeine (5 mg/kg body weight) or ...
Andersen Lars L - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Muscle-specific strength training has previously been shown to be effective in the rehabilitation of chronic neck muscle pain in women. The aim of this study was to determine the level of activation of the neck and shoulder muscles using surface electromyography (EMG) during selected strengthening exercises in ...
Rijkers K - - 2008
A 20 year old male patient who had been successfully treated for epilepsy with vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for 7 years (50% seizure frequency reduction), had experienced multiple episodes of severe hoarseness, throat pain and impaired breathing during physical exercise. As malfunctioning of the pulse generator was suspected, it was ...
Ring Christopher - - 2008
Sensitivity to pain is reduced during exercise. The underlying mechanism has yet to be established. One possibility is that a baroreceptor-related mechanism may contribute to this exercise-induced hypoalgesia phenomenon. Accordingly, this study examined whether increases in arterial blood pressure during graded isometric exercise, which activate baroreceptors in the aortic arch ...
Lund Hans - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of aquatic exercise and a land-based exercise programme vs control in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Primary outcome was change in pain, and in addition Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score questionnaire (KOOS). Standing balance and strength was also measured after and at 3-month follow-up. ...
Jones K D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A subset of fibromyalgia (FM) patients have a dysfunctional hypothalamic-pituitary-insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) axis, as evidenced by low serum levels of IGF-1 and a reduced growth hormone (GH) response to physiologic stimuli. There is evidence that pyridostigmine (PYD) improves the acute response of GH to exercise in FM ...
Marshall Paul - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen-week intervention for chronic patients with low back pain (LBP) with 9-month follow-up. Primary randomization at 4 weeks into either supervised Swiss ball exercise or an exercise advice group. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in disability and pain in individuals with chronic LBP after combined treatment and exercise interventions, ...
Akuthota Venu - - 2008
Core stability is essential for proper load balance within the spine, pelvis, and kinetic chain. The so-called core is the group of trunk muscles that surround the spine and abdominal viscera. Abdominal, gluteal, hip girdle, paraspinal, and other muscles work in concert to provide spinal stability. Core stability and its ...
Thomaides T - - 2008
We evaluated EEG changes and pain relief in migraineurs with glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)-induced attacks treated with intravenous sodium valproate (iSVP). EEG frequency analysis was performed in 45 migraineurs without aura and in 19 controls at baseline, at the time of maximum GTN-induced headache, and 30 min after 300 mg iSVP. ...
Koldaş Doğan Sebnem - - 2008
Our aim is to investigate the effects of three therapeutic approaches in the chronic low back pain on pain, spinal mobility, disability, psychological state, and aerobic capacity. Sixty patients with chronic low back pain were randomized to three groups: group 1, aerobic exercise + home exercise; group 2, physical therapy ...
van Eijsden-Besseling Marjon D - - 2008
QUESTION: Are postural exercises delivered by Mensendieck/Cesar therapists more effective in decreasing pain, reducing disability and improving health-related quality of life in visual display unit workers with early non-specific work-related upper limb disorders than strength and fitness exercises delivered by physiotherapists? DESIGN: Randomised trial with concealed allocation and intention-to-treat analysis. ...
Bialosky Joel E - - 2008
The mechanisms thorough which spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) exerts clinical effects are not established. A prior study has suggested a dorsal horn modulated effect; however, the role of subject expectation was not considered. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of subject expectation on hypoalgesia associated ...
Kachingwe Aimie F - - 2008
The purpose of this double-blind, randomized controlled pilot study was to compare the effectiveness of four physical therapy interventions in the treatment of primary shoulder impingement syndrome: 1) supervised exercise only, 2) supervised exercise with glenohumeral mobilizations, 3) supervised exercise with a mobilization-with-movement (MWM) technique, or 4) a control group ...
Long Audrey - - 2008
To determine whether outcomes could be changed after poor response to non-specific exercise therapy when the prescription was changed to specific, directional-preference exercises (McKenzie method). Patients who participated in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) and the alternative care phase immediately following formed the cohort for this case series. In an ...
Röijezon Ulrik - - 2008
Chronic neck pain is a common problem and is often associated with changes in sensorimotor functions, such as reduced proprioceptive acuity of the neck, altered coordination of the cervical muscles, and increased postural sway. In line with these findings there are studies supporting the efficacy of exercises targeting different aspects ...
McDonough S M - - 2008
Evidence supports the use of exercise for chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, adherence is often poor due to ongoing pain. Auricular acupuncture is a form of pain relief involving the stimulation of points on the outer ear corresponding with specific body parts. It may be a useful adjunct to ...
Little Paul - - 2008
To determine the effectiveness of lessons in the Alexander technique, massage therapy, and advice from a doctor to take exercise (exercise prescription) along with nurse delivered behavioural counselling for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. Factorial randomised trial. 64 general practices in England. 579 patients with chronic or recurrent ...
Macedo Luciana G - - 2008
Chronic low back pain remains a major health problem in Australia and around the world. Unfortunately the majority of treatments for this condition produce small effects because not all patients respond to each treatment. It appears that only 25-50% of patients respond to exercise. The two most popular types of ...
Klussmann André - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the predictors of musculoskeletal symptoms in the upper extremities and neck at visual display terminal (VDT) workstations. In a cross-sectional study 1,065 employees working at VDT > 1 h/d completed a standardised questionnaire. Workstation conditions were documented in a ...
Hollinghurst Sandra S Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2AA. - - 2008
An economic evaluation of therapeutic massage, exercise, and lessons in the Alexander technique for treating persistent back pain. Cost consequences study and cost effectiveness analysis at 12 month follow-up of a factorial randomised controlled trial. 579 patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain recruited from primary care. Normal care ...
Godges Joseph J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: People with acute low back injury and fear-avoidance beliefs are at risk for remaining off work for an extended period of time. However, the effectiveness of intervention strategies for improving return-to-work status in people with acute low back pain and fear-avoidance beliefs has not been reported. The ...
Rutledge Dana N - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We determined--in women with fibromyalgia (FM)--effects of essential oils used with a 12-week exercise program on exercise volume, pain, physical performance, and physical function. DESIGN: This was a randomized clinical trial comparing 024 essential oil with sham oil combined with exercise. Settings: Settings included community sites in southern California. ...
Standaert Christopher J - - 2007
Although there are a wide variety of therapeutic exercises that have been proposed as treatments for low back pain (LBP), the last 20 years have seen the development of a substantial focus on the use of exercises that are intended to address intersegmental stability in the lumbar spine. These exercise ...
Kuukkanen Tiina - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Therapeutic exercise has been shown to be beneficial in decreasing pain and in increasing functioning in patients with chronic low back pain. However, longitudinal follow-up studies are small in number, and often limited in the numbers of subjects due to drop-outs. In addition there is a shortage ...
Sabaté J-M - - 2008
Tegaserod relieves overall and multiple individual constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) symptoms. However, mechanisms for the relief of abdominal pain/discomfort are not well understood. The effects of tegaserod on rectal sensitivity to distension were measured by the nociceptive flexion RIII reflex, as evidenced by spinal hyperexcitability (i.e. increase or facilitation ...
Miller J S - - 2009
The National Health Service is developing an ethos of self-care. Patients are being encouraged to become proficient in helping themselves. This has long been a philosophy of the physiotherapy profession, where self-care between consultations has been an integral part of the treatment process through encouraging the uptake of self-care skills ...
Silva Luciana E - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of hydrotherapy in subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee compared with subjects with OA of the knee who performed land-based exercises. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-four subjects with OA of the knee were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 ...
Davim Rejane Marie Barbosa - - 2007
This descriptive study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Non-Pharmacological Strategies (NFS) on pain relief of parturients as part of a research instrument to be utilized in a Doctoral Dissertation. In order to evaluate the NFS, the Analogous Visual Scale (AVS) was used on 30 parturients attended at the Humanized ...
Munguía-Izquierdo D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare the cognitive function performance in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) with respect healthy controls and to evaluate the short-term efficacy of exercise therapy in a warm, chest-high pool on pain and cognitive function in women with FM. METHODS: Sixty middle-aged women with FM were randomly assigned to either ...
Nahhas Rodacki Cíntia L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral discs are exposed to compressive forces, which produces fluid loss. This loss decreases disc height, spinal length and consequently overall stature. The loss of stature has been associated with spine loading and low back pain. Abdominal exercises increase intra-abdominal pressure and unload the spine. The purpose of this ...
Ray Chester A - - 2007
The purpose of the current study was to determine if exercise-induced muscle pain is modulated by central neural mechanisms (i.e. higher brain systems). Ratings of muscle pain perception (MPP) and perceived exertion (RPE), muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), arterial pressure, and heart rate were measured during fatiguing isometric handgrip (IHG) ...
Sjolie A N - - 2007
This study compared the physical performance of adolescents in 1997 and 1968. The material included 1329 15-year-old Norwegian adolescents in Akershus county in Norway in 1968, and 1105 15-year-old adolescents in the same region in 1997. The investigations were supervised by the same conductor on both occasions, and used identical ...
Jones M A - - 2007
This study evaluated the efficacy of an exercise programme as an intervention for recurrent non-specific low-back pain (NLSBP) in adolescents. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with an experimental group (n = 27, age 14.6 years) who participated in an 8-week exercise programme and a matched control group (n = ...
Bhatia R - - 2007
The role of central versus peripheral mechanisms has always been questioned while explaining the etiopathogenesis of chronic tension type headache (CTTH). The following study was done to study the role of muscle spasm in CTTH. 15 patients of CTTH and 7 age matched controls were included in the study and ...
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