Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 984
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Rigante Donato - - 2011
We report the case of a 13-year-old boy with an abrupt onset of leg pain and muscle weakness, incapability of deambulation and a laboratory picture of exercise-induced acute rhabdomyolysis. Intravenous hyperhydration and forced diuresis were adopted to avoid renal complications. No evidence of articular or residual muscular damage was appreciated ...
Newsome R J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether immediate commencement of exercises after lumbar microdiscectomy enabled patients to become independently mobile more rapidly with no increase in risk of complications. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. SETTING: One secondary care teaching hospital in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients were recruited. The follow-up rate was ...
Cohen Emma E A - - 2010
Physical exercise is known to stimulate the release of endorphins, creating a mild sense of euphoria that has rewarding properties. Using pain tolerance (a conventional non-invasive assay for endorphin release), we show that synchronized training in a college rowing crew creates a heightened endorphin surge compared with a similar training ...
Choi Yoonhee - - 2009
Rectus sheath hematoma is a relatively rare condition but a significant cause of acute abdominal pain. The acute abdominal pain associated with rectus sheath hematoma can mimic several conditions, such as appendicitis, intestinal problems (obstruction, perforation, hernia, malignancy), and gynecologic disease (ovarian cyst, torsion, tubo-ovarian abscess, ectopic pregnancy). Correct diagnosis ...
Kogan Asia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study assessed the contribution of exercise stress testing (EST) in the evaluation of patients with low risk for coronary heart disease who presented to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain. BASIC PROCEDURES: The study included 175 patients who presented to the ED with chest pain and ...
Hart Joseph M - - 2009
Isolated lumbar paraspinal muscle fatigue causes lower extremity and postural control deficits. To describe the change in body position during gait after fatiguing lumbar extension exercises in persons with recurrent episodes of low back pain compared with healthy controls. Case-control study. Motion analysis laboratory. Twenty-five recreationally active participants with a ...
Li Wei-Chun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise therapy on quality of life in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or osteopenia. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, EMBASE and the Cochrane library from January 1966 to March 2007. Two reviewers independently selected all studies that met predetermined inclusion criteria. Randomized controlled trials ...
Jull G A - - 2009
Deep cervical flexor muscle (DCF) activation is impaired with neck pain. This study investigated the effects of low load cranio-cervical flexion (C-CF) and neck flexor strengthening exercises on spatial and temporal characteristics of DCF activation during a neck movement task and a task challenging the neck's postural stability. Forty-six chronic ...
Mannion Anne F - - 2009
Exercise rehabilitation is one of the few evidence-based treatments for chronic non-specific low back pain (cLBP), but individual success is notoriously variable and may depend on the patient's adherence to the prescribed exercise regime. This prospective study examined factors associated with adherence and the relationship between adherence and outcome after ...
Al-Housni M Bashar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without inducible ischaemia may not be beneficial. We investigated the prevalence of inducible hypoperfusion using myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in patients undergoing PCI, and its ability to predict functional outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-three patients listed for elective PCI underwent MPS, ...
Koutris M - - 2009
Nociceptive substances, injected into the masseter muscle, induce pain and facilitate the jaw-stretch reflex. It is hypothesized that intense chewing would provoke similar effects. Fourteen men performed 20 bouts of 5-minute chewing. After each bout, 20 min and 24 hrs after the exercise, muscle fatigue and pain scores and the ...
Pedersen Mogens T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of two contrasting physical activity worksite interventions versus a reference intervention (REF) on various health outcomes. METHODS: A 1-year randomized controlled trial was conducted with specific resistance training (SRT), all-round physical exercise (APE), and REF. RESULTS: SRT and APE compared with REF showed significant reductions ...
Dusunceli Yesim Y Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Ege University, Bornova-Izmir, - - 2009
To determine the efficacy of neck stabilization exercises in the management of neck pain. Patients and methods: Sixty patients with neck pain were randomized to 3 groups, as follows: group 1--physical therapy agents including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, continuous ultrasound and infra-red irradiation; group 2--physical therapy agents + isometric and ...
Dundar Umit - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of aquatic exercise interventions with land-based exercises in the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Land-based exercise and physiotherapy are the main treatment tools used for CLBP. Clinical experience indicates ...
Chopra Rajat - - 2009
Exercise-induced chronic compartment syndrome in the first dorsal compartment is an uncommon entity and relatively rare condition which is not very well understood. It is a usually activity-related condition and is associated with decreased function of muscle with intracompartmental swelling. We present a case with proven exercise-induced raised compartment pressure ...
Lobetti R G - - 2009
A 4-month-old male Jack Russell terrier was evaluated for non-painful muscle spasms and collapse associated with exercise and activity. Clinical examination revealed well-defined, non-painful hypertrophic muscles of the fore and hind limbs and exercise and excitement induced hindquarter bunny-hopping gait, which improved with activity but worsened with resting and with ...
Ulger Ozlem O Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Unit of Prosthetics and Biomechanics, Hacettepe University, Samanpazari, Ankara, - - 2009
To investigate the effects of phantom limb exercises on phantom limb pain. A total of 20 traumatic amputees participated in the study. Ten received phantom exercises and prosthetic training, and 10 were treated with routine prosthetic training and a general exercise programme. Intensity of pain was evaluated using a 10-cm ...
Ferreira P H - - 2010
Although motor control exercises have been shown to be effective in the management of low back pain (LBP) the mechanism of action is unclear. The current study investigated the relationship between the ability to recruit transversus abdominis and clinical outcomes of participants in a clinical trial. Ultrasonography was used to ...
Ekman Per - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study on predictive factors for the outcome of 164 patients with adult isthmic spondylolisthesis operated on with fusion. OBJECTIVE: In view of the need to better select patients for fusion, we investigated the use of the pain drawing (PD) and other potential factors for predicting the ...
Takihara Yukio - - 2009
CONTEXT: Back-muscle fatigue and lumbar curvature are related to low back pain, but the relation between them is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether lumbar curvature changes with back-muscle fatigue. DESIGN: Prospective pseudorandomized. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 13 healthy men without low back pain. INTERVENTION: To induce back-muscle fatigue, subjects performed a ...
Maricar N - - 2009
The purpose of this single-case design (ABCBC) was to investigate the response of shoulder motions, pain, and function to two commonly used physiotherapy management approaches. An individual with stage three shoulder adhesive capsulitis was treated with exercise (phase B) and exercise plus mobilization (phase C). Initially, a "baseline" phase (phase ...
Song Chen-Yi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A common treatment for patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is strength (force-generating capacity) training of the vastus medialis oblique muscle (VMO). Hip adduction in conjunction with knee extension is commonly used in clinical practice; however, evidence supporting the efficacy of this exercise is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of ...
Freburger Janet K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe exercise prescription in routine clinical practice for individuals with chronic back or neck pain because, although current practice guidelines promote exercise for chronic back and neck pain, little is known about exercise prescription in routine care. METHODS: We conducted a computer-assisted telephone survey of a representative sample ...
Sharma, Neena
Most people suffering from various chronic pain syndromes report deep tissue pain. However, our knowledge about chronic musculoskeletal pain is primarily based on rodent models of cutaneous pain. Little is known about muscle nociception and its modulation with exercise training. The overall purpose of this dissertation was to assess muscle ...
Rasmussen-Barr Eva - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: The study was a randomized controlled trial. Treatment was for 8 weeks, with follow-up posttreatment and at 6-, 12-, and 36- months. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to evaluate the effect of a graded exercise intervention emphasizing stabilizing exercises in patients with nonspecific, recurrent low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY ...
Iqbal M - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the incidence and factors related to endodontic flare-ups in nonsurgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) cases completed by graduate endodontic residents at University of Pennsylvania, USA. METHODOLOGY: Residents at University of Pennsylvania enter all clinical patient records into an electronic database called PennEndo database. Analysis of records of ...
da Silva Rubens A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of pelvic stabilization and two lower-limb configurations on the EMG activity of back and hip extensor muscles during a dynamic back extension exercise on a machine and to compare them between sexes. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy volunteers (11 men and 11 women) performed five trunk flexion-extension ...
Griffiths Cathrin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In a cohort of primary care patients with chronic neck pain, to determine whether specific neck stabilization exercises, in addition to general neck advice and exercise, provide better clinical outcome at 6 weeks than general neck advice and exercise alone. METHODS: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial in ...
Kelley Martin J - - 2009
Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis describes the common shoulder condition characterized by painful and limited active and passive range of motion. The etiology of frozen shoulder remains unclear; however, patients typically demonstrate a characteristic history, clinical presentation, and recovery. A classification schema is described, in which primary frozen shoulder and ...
Slade Susan C - - 2009
QUESTION: What factors do participants in exercise programs for chronic low back pain perceive to be important for engagement and participation? DESIGN: Qualitative study of three focus groups. PARTICIPANTS: 18 adults with chronic low back pain who had participated in exercise programs for chronic low back pain. RESULTS: All focus ...
Ortega E - - 2009
Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterised by chronic widespread pain and allodynia (pain from stimuli which are not normally painful with pain that may occur other than in the area stimulated) of more than 3 months duration. The current hypothesis of the aetiology of FM includes inflammatory and neuroendocrine disorders. The biophysiology ...
Beales Darren John - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate motor control (MC) patterns of normal subjects during the low level physical load of the active straight leg raise (ASLR). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Aberrant MC patterns, as observed with the ASLR test, are considered to be a mechanism for ongoing pain and ...
Smeets Rob J E M - - 2009
QUESTION: Does a graded exercise program emphasising lumbar stabilising exercises reduce pain and disability at 12 months, compared with a walking program, for patients with recurrent low back pain? DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A single private physiotherapy clinic in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 71 patients with recurrent mechanical low back pain ...
Boyle Kyndall L - - 2009
This case report describes therapeutic exercise management for a female with a chief complaint of right sciatica and secondary low back pain (LBP). The patient was a 61-year old female with chronic right sciatica and LBP. At initial examination she reported pain at 9 on a scale of 10, with ...
Nagrale Amit V - - 2009
Cyriax and Cyriax advocated the use of deep transverse friction massage in combination with Mill's manipulation in treating lateral epicondylalgia. Evidence comparing this approach with other physical therapies is lacking. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of deep transverse friction massage with Mill's manipulation ...
Michaleff Zoe A - - 2009
Whiplash is the most common injury following a motor vehicle accident. Approximately 60% of people suffer persistent pain and disability six months post injury. Two forms of exercise; specific motor relearning exercises and graded activity, have been found to be effective treatments for this condition. Although the effect sizes for ...
Engebretsen Kaia - - 2009
To compare the effectiveness of radial extracorporeal shockwave treatment with that of supervised exercises in patients with shoulder pain. Single blind randomised study. Outpatient clinic of physical medicine and rehabilitation department in Oslo, Norway. 104 patients with subacromial shoulder pain lasting at least three months. Radial extracorporeal shockwave treatment: one ...
Barton Garry R - - 2009
To estimate the cost effectiveness of four different lifestyle interventions for knee pain. Cost utility analysis of randomised controlled trial. Five general practices in the United Kingdom. 389 adults aged > or = 45 with self reported knee pain and body mass index (BMI) > or = 28. Dietary intervention ...
Hurley Deirdre A - - 2009
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a persistent disabling condition with rising significant healthcare, social and economic costs. Current research supports the use of exercise-based treatment approaches that encourage people with CLBP to assume a physically active role in their recovery. While international clinical guidelines and systematic reviews for CLBP ...
Heinrich Judith - - 2009
Despite the fact that the population of self-employed persons is still growing and at risk for long term disability due to a number of risk factors, there is still a lack of information on the effectiveness of interventions for this specific group. To determine the effectiveness of physical training without ...
Slade Susan C - - 2009
Non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) has become a significant problem due to high healthcare utilization, rising costs of care and perceived limitations of effectiveness of many current treatments. Systematic reviews have repeatedly concluded that, on average across participants, exercise for NSCLBP appears effective in decreasing pain and improving function. ...
Froud Robert - - 2009
Reporting numbers needed to treat (NNT) improves interpretability of trial results. It is unusual that continuous outcomes are converted to numbers of individual responders to treatment (i.e., those who reach a particular threshold of change); and deteriorations prevented are only rarely considered. We consider how numbers needed to treat can ...
Waller Benjamin - - 2009
To examine the effectiveness of therapeutic aquatic exercise in the treatment of low back pain. A systematic review. A search was performed of PEDro, CINAHL (ovid), PUBMED, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and SPORTDiscus databases to identify relevant studies published between 1990 and 2007. Adults suffering from low back pain. All ...
Macedo Luciana G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews have concluded that the effectiveness of motor control exercise for persistent low back pain has not been clearly established. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of motor control exercises for persistent low back pain. METHODS: Electronic ...
Felderman Howard - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral shoulder dislocations are extremely rare occurrences. OBJECTIVE: We present an unusual case where the patient suffered simultaneous bilateral anterior shoulder dislocations during chin-up exercises. To our knowledge, this mechanism has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department (ED) complaining of ...
Hodges Paul - - 2009
Exercise is one of the few effective treatments for LBP. Although exercise is often based on the premise of reduced spinal stiffness, trunk muscle adaptation may increase stiffness. This study developed and validated a method to assess trunk stiffness and damping, and tested these parameters in 14 people with recurring ...
Limke J C - - 2008
AIM: Progressive resistance exercises (PRE) are prescribed to reverse the deconditioning associated with chronic back pain. The spine rehabilitation program has utilized 2 sets of progressive resistance exercises during each session, with increased resistance between sets, and with successive sessions. Exercise literature has challenged the need for multiple sets of ...
Ekstrom Richard A - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-group, repeated-measures design. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the longissimus thoracis and lumbar multifidi muscle activity with surface electromyography (EMG) during exercises used in back rehabilitation programs. BACKGROUND: Physical therapists use a variety of exercises when rehabilitating patients with low back pain (LBP). EMG analysis of exercises can provide ...
Hiraba Hisao - - 2008
Patients with low-back pain can be evaluated immediately by means of an electrical tool that produces bony vibration to the lumbar spinal processes (Yrjama M, Vanharanta H. Bony vibrotactile stimulation: A new, non-invasive method for examining intradiscal pain. European Spine Journal 1994;3:233-235). In the rehabilitation of masticatory disturbance and dysphagia, ...
Hudes Karen - - 2008
This study was conducted to discuss the treatment and management of a patient presenting with acute idiopathic costochondritis. 64 year old male patient presenting with acute anterior chest pain of one week duration. High-velocity low-amplitude thrust manipulation was used to the zygapophyseal joints of the thoracic spine, costotransverse, and costochondral ...
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