Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 966
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Ekman Per - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study on predictive factors for the outcome of 164 patients with adult isthmic spondylolisthesis operated on with fusion. OBJECTIVE: In view of the need to better select patients for fusion, we investigated the use of the pain drawing (PD) and other potential factors for predicting the ...
Takihara Yukio - - 2009
CONTEXT: Back-muscle fatigue and lumbar curvature are related to low back pain, but the relation between them is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether lumbar curvature changes with back-muscle fatigue. DESIGN: Prospective pseudorandomized. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 13 healthy men without low back pain. INTERVENTION: To induce back-muscle fatigue, subjects performed a ...
Maricar N - - 2009
The purpose of this single-case design (ABCBC) was to investigate the response of shoulder motions, pain, and function to two commonly used physiotherapy management approaches. An individual with stage three shoulder adhesive capsulitis was treated with exercise (phase B) and exercise plus mobilization (phase C). Initially, a "baseline" phase (phase ...
Song Chen-Yi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A common treatment for patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is strength (force-generating capacity) training of the vastus medialis oblique muscle (VMO). Hip adduction in conjunction with knee extension is commonly used in clinical practice; however, evidence supporting the efficacy of this exercise is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of ...
Freburger Janet K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe exercise prescription in routine clinical practice for individuals with chronic back or neck pain because, although current practice guidelines promote exercise for chronic back and neck pain, little is known about exercise prescription in routine care. METHODS: We conducted a computer-assisted telephone survey of a representative sample ...
Sharma, Neena
Most people suffering from various chronic pain syndromes report deep tissue pain. However, our knowledge about chronic musculoskeletal pain is primarily based on rodent models of cutaneous pain. Little is known about muscle nociception and its modulation with exercise training. The overall purpose of this dissertation was to assess muscle ...
Rasmussen-Barr Eva - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: The study was a randomized controlled trial. Treatment was for 8 weeks, with follow-up posttreatment and at 6-, 12-, and 36- months. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to evaluate the effect of a graded exercise intervention emphasizing stabilizing exercises in patients with nonspecific, recurrent low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY ...
Iqbal M - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the incidence and factors related to endodontic flare-ups in nonsurgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) cases completed by graduate endodontic residents at University of Pennsylvania, USA. METHODOLOGY: Residents at University of Pennsylvania enter all clinical patient records into an electronic database called PennEndo database. Analysis of records of ...
da Silva Rubens A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of pelvic stabilization and two lower-limb configurations on the EMG activity of back and hip extensor muscles during a dynamic back extension exercise on a machine and to compare them between sexes. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy volunteers (11 men and 11 women) performed five trunk flexion-extension ...
Griffiths Cathrin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In a cohort of primary care patients with chronic neck pain, to determine whether specific neck stabilization exercises, in addition to general neck advice and exercise, provide better clinical outcome at 6 weeks than general neck advice and exercise alone. METHODS: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial in ...
Kelley Martin J - - 2009
Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis describes the common shoulder condition characterized by painful and limited active and passive range of motion. The etiology of frozen shoulder remains unclear; however, patients typically demonstrate a characteristic history, clinical presentation, and recovery. A classification schema is described, in which primary frozen shoulder and ...
Slade Susan C - - 2009
QUESTION: What factors do participants in exercise programs for chronic low back pain perceive to be important for engagement and participation? DESIGN: Qualitative study of three focus groups. PARTICIPANTS: 18 adults with chronic low back pain who had participated in exercise programs for chronic low back pain. RESULTS: All focus ...
Ortega E - - 2009
Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterised by chronic widespread pain and allodynia (pain from stimuli which are not normally painful with pain that may occur other than in the area stimulated) of more than 3 months duration. The current hypothesis of the aetiology of FM includes inflammatory and neuroendocrine disorders. The biophysiology ...
Beales Darren John - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate motor control (MC) patterns of normal subjects during the low level physical load of the active straight leg raise (ASLR). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Aberrant MC patterns, as observed with the ASLR test, are considered to be a mechanism for ongoing pain and ...
Smeets Rob J E M - - 2009
QUESTION: Does a graded exercise program emphasising lumbar stabilising exercises reduce pain and disability at 12 months, compared with a walking program, for patients with recurrent low back pain? DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A single private physiotherapy clinic in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 71 patients with recurrent mechanical low back pain ...
Boyle Kyndall L - - 2009
This case report describes therapeutic exercise management for a female with a chief complaint of right sciatica and secondary low back pain (LBP). The patient was a 61-year old female with chronic right sciatica and LBP. At initial examination she reported pain at 9 on a scale of 10, with ...
Nagrale Amit V - - 2009
Cyriax and Cyriax advocated the use of deep transverse friction massage in combination with Mill's manipulation in treating lateral epicondylalgia. Evidence comparing this approach with other physical therapies is lacking. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of deep transverse friction massage with Mill's manipulation ...
Michaleff Zoe A - - 2009
Whiplash is the most common injury following a motor vehicle accident. Approximately 60% of people suffer persistent pain and disability six months post injury. Two forms of exercise; specific motor relearning exercises and graded activity, have been found to be effective treatments for this condition. Although the effect sizes for ...
Engebretsen Kaia - - 2009
To compare the effectiveness of radial extracorporeal shockwave treatment with that of supervised exercises in patients with shoulder pain. Single blind randomised study. Outpatient clinic of physical medicine and rehabilitation department in Oslo, Norway. 104 patients with subacromial shoulder pain lasting at least three months. Radial extracorporeal shockwave treatment: one ...
Barton Garry R - - 2009
To estimate the cost effectiveness of four different lifestyle interventions for knee pain. Cost utility analysis of randomised controlled trial. Five general practices in the United Kingdom. 389 adults aged > or = 45 with self reported knee pain and body mass index (BMI) > or = 28. Dietary intervention ...
Hurley Deirdre A - - 2009
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a persistent disabling condition with rising significant healthcare, social and economic costs. Current research supports the use of exercise-based treatment approaches that encourage people with CLBP to assume a physically active role in their recovery. While international clinical guidelines and systematic reviews for CLBP ...
Heinrich Judith - - 2009
Despite the fact that the population of self-employed persons is still growing and at risk for long term disability due to a number of risk factors, there is still a lack of information on the effectiveness of interventions for this specific group. To determine the effectiveness of physical training without ...
Slade Susan C - - 2009
Non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) has become a significant problem due to high healthcare utilization, rising costs of care and perceived limitations of effectiveness of many current treatments. Systematic reviews have repeatedly concluded that, on average across participants, exercise for NSCLBP appears effective in decreasing pain and improving function. ...
Froud Robert - - 2009
Reporting numbers needed to treat (NNT) improves interpretability of trial results. It is unusual that continuous outcomes are converted to numbers of individual responders to treatment (i.e., those who reach a particular threshold of change); and deteriorations prevented are only rarely considered. We consider how numbers needed to treat can ...
Waller Benjamin - - 2009
To examine the effectiveness of therapeutic aquatic exercise in the treatment of low back pain. A systematic review. A search was performed of PEDro, CINAHL (ovid), PUBMED, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and SPORTDiscus databases to identify relevant studies published between 1990 and 2007. Adults suffering from low back pain. All ...
Macedo Luciana G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews have concluded that the effectiveness of motor control exercise for persistent low back pain has not been clearly established. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of motor control exercises for persistent low back pain. METHODS: Electronic ...
Felderman Howard - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral shoulder dislocations are extremely rare occurrences. OBJECTIVE: We present an unusual case where the patient suffered simultaneous bilateral anterior shoulder dislocations during chin-up exercises. To our knowledge, this mechanism has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department (ED) complaining of ...
Hodges Paul - - 2009
Exercise is one of the few effective treatments for LBP. Although exercise is often based on the premise of reduced spinal stiffness, trunk muscle adaptation may increase stiffness. This study developed and validated a method to assess trunk stiffness and damping, and tested these parameters in 14 people with recurring ...
Limke J C - - 2008
AIM: Progressive resistance exercises (PRE) are prescribed to reverse the deconditioning associated with chronic back pain. The spine rehabilitation program has utilized 2 sets of progressive resistance exercises during each session, with increased resistance between sets, and with successive sessions. Exercise literature has challenged the need for multiple sets of ...
Ekstrom Richard A - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-group, repeated-measures design. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the longissimus thoracis and lumbar multifidi muscle activity with surface electromyography (EMG) during exercises used in back rehabilitation programs. BACKGROUND: Physical therapists use a variety of exercises when rehabilitating patients with low back pain (LBP). EMG analysis of exercises can provide ...
Hiraba Hisao - - 2008
Patients with low-back pain can be evaluated immediately by means of an electrical tool that produces bony vibration to the lumbar spinal processes (Yrjama M, Vanharanta H. Bony vibrotactile stimulation: A new, non-invasive method for examining intradiscal pain. European Spine Journal 1994;3:233-235). In the rehabilitation of masticatory disturbance and dysphagia, ...
Hudes Karen - - 2008
This study was conducted to discuss the treatment and management of a patient presenting with acute idiopathic costochondritis. 64 year old male patient presenting with acute anterior chest pain of one week duration. High-velocity low-amplitude thrust manipulation was used to the zygapophyseal joints of the thoracic spine, costotransverse, and costochondral ...
Chantler Ingrid - - 2009
We assessed the efficacy of diclofenac potassium, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, in alleviating menstrual pain and restoring exercise performance to that measured in the late-follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. Twelve healthy young women with a history of primary dysmenorrhea completed, in a random order, laboratory exercise-testing sessions when they ...
Rasmussen Jens - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Both exercises and manipulation are recommended as basic therapy in back diseases, while a possible synergistic effect of these treatments have not been clarified. This study was conducted to test a possible further effect of manipulation as adjunct to extension exercises for unspecific LBP. METHODS: 72 patients with chronic ...
Kulig Kornelia - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tibialis posterior tendinopathy can lead to debilitating dysfunction. This study examined the effectiveness of orthoses and resistance exercise in the early management of tibialis posterior tendinopathy. SUBJECTS: Thirty-six adults with stage I or II tibialis posterior tendinopathy participated in this study. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to ...
Canavan Paul K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an individualized physical therapy (PT) program for a subject with pectus excavatum and bilateral shoulder pain. DESIGN: Single-case study of a man diagnosed with moderate-to-severe pectus excavatum and constant bilateral shoulder pain. Exercise tolerance was measured through the Bruce protocol and home exercise log, ...
Auvinen Juha P - - 2008
PURPOSE: We examined the associations between participation in different sports and exercise activities and neck, shoulder, and low back pains in adolescents. METHODS: This population-based study included the members of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986, who, at the age of 15 to 16 yr, completed a questionnaire including items ...
Endleman Irit - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess activity of transversus abdominis (TrA) and obliquus internus abdominis (OI) muscles during classical Pilates exercises performed correctly and incorrectly, and with or without equipment. DESIGN: Repeated-measures descriptive study. SETTING: Pilates studio. PARTICIPANTS: A volunteer sample of women (n=18) and men (n=8), mean age +/- SD (43+/-14y), with ...
Nash Mark S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Test effects of pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchairs (PAPAWs) on the energetics and perceptual responses to steady-state and intensity-graded wheelchair propulsion in persons with paraplegia and tetraplegia having chronic shoulder pain. DESIGN: Test, retest with a control condition. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects (N=18) aged 19 to 70 years with ...
Voerman G E - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the association between subjective spasticity ratings and objective spasticity measurement using a new tool for spasticity assessment, that is long-term surface electromyography (sEMG) recordings during daily activities. For monitoring, processing and analysis of this long-term sEMG data, a muscle activity detection algorithm was developed. METHOD: sEMG of ...
Liang Huey-Wen - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Continuous typing is likely to induce mental and/or muscular fatigue, which contributes to musculoskeletal discomfort. Our goals were to describe the temporal changes in symptoms and interkeypress intervals (IKIs) of each hand during continuous typing. The effects of demographic characteristics and time on the IKI were examined. METHODS: Twenty-four ...
Teyhen Deydre S - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. OBJECTIVES: To characterize changes in muscle thickness in the transversus abdominis (TrA) and internal oblique (IO) muscles during common trunk-strengthening exercises, and to determine whether these changes differ based on age. BACKGROUND: Although trunk-strengthening exercises have been found to be useful in treating those with ...
Alentorn-Geli Eduard - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a 6-week traditional exercise program with supplementary whole-body vibration (WBV) in improving health status, physical functioning, and main symptoms of fibromyalgia (FM) in women with FM. METHODS: Thirty-six (36) women with FM (mean +/- standard error of the ...
Hultenheim Klintberg Ingrid - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical changes with two protocols of physiotherapy following arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) over two years. Reliability of Functional Index of the Shoulder was performed. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized pilot study, within-subject design. SUBJECTS: Thirty-four shoulders (13 women), mean age 46 (SD 7) years with primary shoulder impingement, ...
Sokunbi O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the patients' perception of the treatment with spinal stabilisation exercises and their overall experience of the treatment programme. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elicit valuable information of the experiences of patients who participated in a spinal stabilisation programme within a randomised ...
Lecompte Jennyfer - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Neck pain is common in fighter pilots due to repeated exposure to high +Gz loads, but studies comparing neck function in symptomatic and healthy fighter pilots are lacking. This study compared neck strength and EMG activity during maximal isometric contractions in a sitting position in the sagittal and coronal ...
Ries Lilian Gerdi Kittel - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate the stability and the distribution of weight of individuals with TMD (Temporomandibular Disorder) when placed in an orthostatic position. Forty female volunteers, participating in this study, were distributed into a control and a TMD group. Clinical examinations of the craniomandibular system and ...
Piche T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have increased intestinal permeability. In addition, mucosal soluble mediators are involved in the pathophysiology of pain in IBS. We aimed to investigate (1) paracellular permeability in colonic biopsies of patients with IBS; and (2) the ability of soluble factors ...
Henchoz Yves - - 2008
We reviewed the literature to clarify the effects of exercise in preventing and treating nonspecific low back pain. We evaluated several characteristics of exercise programs including specificity, individual tailoring, supervision, motivation enhancement, volume, and intensity. The results show that exercise is effective in the primary and secondary prevention of low ...
Curnow Dorothy - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to compare the effects of three different Pilates regimes on chronic, mild low back pain symptoms and to determine whether the efficiency of load transfer through the pelvis is improved by those exercises. A between subjects equivalent group experimental design was used. The independent ...
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