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Results 201 - 250 of 993
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Rittweger J?rn - - 2010
Whilst exposure to vibration is traditionally regarded as perilous, recent research has focussed on potential benefits. Here, the physical principles of forced oscillations are discussed in relation to vibration as an exercise modality. Acute physiological responses to isolated tendon and muscle vibration and to whole body vibration exercise are reviewed, ...
Altan Lale - - 2009
Altan L, Korkmaz N, Bingol U, Gunay B. Effect of Pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Pilates on pain, functional status, and quality of life in fibromyalgia, which is known to be a chronic musculoskeletal disorder. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, controlled, ...
Zhang Yin-gang - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study of 4180 subjects was carried. OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors of lumbar disc herniation in China. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In China, along with the economic development, people's living environment and working conditions have undergone some tremendous changes, such as the accelerating life pace ...
Sokunbi Oluwaleke - - 2010
Spinal stabilisation exercises are commonly used in the management of low back pain (LBP). There is limited evidence relating to patients' experiences of their involvement in such programmes. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of a sample of individuals with chronic LBP who participated in a ...
Costa Leonardo O P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The evidence that exercise intervention is effective for treatment of chronic low back pain comes from trials that are not placebo-controlled. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of motor control exercise for people with chronic low back pain. DESIGN: This was a randomized, placebo-controlled ...
Stasinopoulos D - - 2010
Home and supervised exercise programmes consisting of stretching and eccentric exercises have been recommended for the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). No studies have examined their comparative efficacy effectiveness. In this study, whether a home exercise programme is more successful than a supervised exercise programme in treating patients with ...
Dehner Christoph - - 2009
CONTEXT: Chronic low back pain (LBP) has been reported with a high incidence in elite rowers. It results in less effective training, long interruptions in training, and a drop in performance. OBJECTIVE: The authors hypothesized that exercise-induced LBP in rowers is caused by a chronic functional compartment syndrome (CFCS) of ...
Wilks Scott E - - 2009
This study is a follow-up to a study previously published in this journal that reported the moderating function of exercise exertion amid the relationship between age and low back pain (LBP) among consistent exercise participants. The current study analyzed factors of psychological adaptation as potential mediators within the age--LBP relationship. ...
Best R - - 2009
Except for traumatic or spontaneous pneumothorax, little information is known about exercise associated pleural pathologies. We present the case of a 22-year-old athlete with symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders of his upper back after a first league soccer match. Clinical examination initially showed a blockage of the costotransversal joints six and ...
Rigante Donato - - 2011
We report the case of a 13-year-old boy with an abrupt onset of leg pain and muscle weakness, incapability of deambulation and a laboratory picture of exercise-induced acute rhabdomyolysis. Intravenous hyperhydration and forced diuresis were adopted to avoid renal complications. No evidence of articular or residual muscular damage was appreciated ...
Newsome R J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether immediate commencement of exercises after lumbar microdiscectomy enabled patients to become independently mobile more rapidly with no increase in risk of complications. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. SETTING: One secondary care teaching hospital in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients were recruited. The follow-up rate was ...
Cohen Emma E A - - 2010
Physical exercise is known to stimulate the release of endorphins, creating a mild sense of euphoria that has rewarding properties. Using pain tolerance (a conventional non-invasive assay for endorphin release), we show that synchronized training in a college rowing crew creates a heightened endorphin surge compared with a similar training ...
Choi Yoonhee - - 2009
Rectus sheath hematoma is a relatively rare condition but a significant cause of acute abdominal pain. The acute abdominal pain associated with rectus sheath hematoma can mimic several conditions, such as appendicitis, intestinal problems (obstruction, perforation, hernia, malignancy), and gynecologic disease (ovarian cyst, torsion, tubo-ovarian abscess, ectopic pregnancy). Correct diagnosis ...
Kogan Asia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study assessed the contribution of exercise stress testing (EST) in the evaluation of patients with low risk for coronary heart disease who presented to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain. BASIC PROCEDURES: The study included 175 patients who presented to the ED with chest pain and ...
Hart Joseph M - - 2009
Isolated lumbar paraspinal muscle fatigue causes lower extremity and postural control deficits. To describe the change in body position during gait after fatiguing lumbar extension exercises in persons with recurrent episodes of low back pain compared with healthy controls. Case-control study. Motion analysis laboratory. Twenty-five recreationally active participants with a ...
Li Wei-Chun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise therapy on quality of life in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or osteopenia. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, EMBASE and the Cochrane library from January 1966 to March 2007. Two reviewers independently selected all studies that met predetermined inclusion criteria. Randomized controlled trials ...
Jull G A - - 2009
Deep cervical flexor muscle (DCF) activation is impaired with neck pain. This study investigated the effects of low load cranio-cervical flexion (C-CF) and neck flexor strengthening exercises on spatial and temporal characteristics of DCF activation during a neck movement task and a task challenging the neck's postural stability. Forty-six chronic ...
Mannion Anne F - - 2009
Exercise rehabilitation is one of the few evidence-based treatments for chronic non-specific low back pain (cLBP), but individual success is notoriously variable and may depend on the patient's adherence to the prescribed exercise regime. This prospective study examined factors associated with adherence and the relationship between adherence and outcome after ...
Al-Housni M Bashar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without inducible ischaemia may not be beneficial. We investigated the prevalence of inducible hypoperfusion using myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in patients undergoing PCI, and its ability to predict functional outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-three patients listed for elective PCI underwent MPS, ...
Koutris M - - 2009
Nociceptive substances, injected into the masseter muscle, induce pain and facilitate the jaw-stretch reflex. It is hypothesized that intense chewing would provoke similar effects. Fourteen men performed 20 bouts of 5-minute chewing. After each bout, 20 min and 24 hrs after the exercise, muscle fatigue and pain scores and the ...
Pedersen Mogens T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of two contrasting physical activity worksite interventions versus a reference intervention (REF) on various health outcomes. METHODS: A 1-year randomized controlled trial was conducted with specific resistance training (SRT), all-round physical exercise (APE), and REF. RESULTS: SRT and APE compared with REF showed significant reductions ...
Dusunceli Yesim Y Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Ege University, Bornova-Izmir, - - 2009
To determine the efficacy of neck stabilization exercises in the management of neck pain. Sixty patients with neck pain were randomized to 3 groups, as follows: group 1--physical therapy agents including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, continuous ultrasound and infra-red irradiation; group 2--physical therapy agents + isometric and stretching exercises; and ...
Dundar Umit - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of aquatic exercise interventions with land-based exercises in the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Land-based exercise and physiotherapy are the main treatment tools used for CLBP. Clinical experience indicates ...
Chopra Rajat - - 2009
Exercise-induced chronic compartment syndrome in the first dorsal compartment is an uncommon entity and relatively rare condition which is not very well understood. It is a usually activity-related condition and is associated with decreased function of muscle with intracompartmental swelling. We present a case with proven exercise-induced raised compartment pressure ...
Lobetti R G - - 2009
A 4-month-old male Jack Russell terrier was evaluated for non-painful muscle spasms and collapse associated with exercise and activity. Clinical examination revealed well-defined, non-painful hypertrophic muscles of the fore and hind limbs and exercise and excitement induced hindquarter bunny-hopping gait, which improved with activity but worsened with resting and with ...
Ulger Ozlem O Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Unit of Prosthetics and Biomechanics, Hacettepe University, Samanpazari, Ankara, - - 2009
To investigate the effects of phantom limb exercises on phantom limb pain. A total of 20 traumatic amputees participated in the study. Ten received phantom exercises and prosthetic training, and 10 were treated with routine prosthetic training and a general exercise programme. Intensity of pain was evaluated using a 10-cm ...
Ferreira P H - - 2010
Although motor control exercises have been shown to be effective in the management of low back pain (LBP) the mechanism of action is unclear. The current study investigated the relationship between the ability to recruit transversus abdominis and clinical outcomes of participants in a clinical trial. Ultrasonography was used to ...
Ekman Per - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study on predictive factors for the outcome of 164 patients with adult isthmic spondylolisthesis operated on with fusion. OBJECTIVE: In view of the need to better select patients for fusion, we investigated the use of the pain drawing (PD) and other potential factors for predicting the ...
Takihara Yukio - - 2009
CONTEXT: Back-muscle fatigue and lumbar curvature are related to low back pain, but the relation between them is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether lumbar curvature changes with back-muscle fatigue. DESIGN: Prospective pseudorandomized. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 13 healthy men without low back pain. INTERVENTION: To induce back-muscle fatigue, subjects performed a ...
Maricar N - - 2009
The purpose of this single-case design (ABCBC) was to investigate the response of shoulder motions, pain, and function to two commonly used physiotherapy management approaches. An individual with stage three shoulder adhesive capsulitis was treated with exercise (phase B) and exercise plus mobilization (phase C). Initially, a "baseline" phase (phase ...
Song Chen-Yi CY School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2009
A common treatment for patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is strength (force-generating capacity) training of the vastus medialis oblique muscle (VMO). Hip adduction in conjunction with knee extension is commonly used in clinical practice; however, evidence supporting the efficacy of this exercise is lacking. The objective of this study ...
Freburger Janet K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe exercise prescription in routine clinical practice for individuals with chronic back or neck pain because, although current practice guidelines promote exercise for chronic back and neck pain, little is known about exercise prescription in routine care. METHODS: We conducted a computer-assisted telephone survey of a representative sample ...
Sharma, Neena
Most people suffering from various chronic pain syndromes report deep tissue pain. However, our knowledge about chronic musculoskeletal pain is primarily based on rodent models of cutaneous pain. Little is known about muscle nociception and its modulation with exercise training. The overall purpose of this dissertation was to assess muscle ...
Griffiths Cathrin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In a cohort of primary care patients with chronic neck pain, to determine whether specific neck stabilization exercises, in addition to general neck advice and exercise, provide better clinical outcome at 6 weeks than general neck advice and exercise alone. METHODS: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial in ...
Iqbal M - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the incidence and factors related to endodontic flare-ups in nonsurgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) cases completed by graduate endodontic residents at University of Pennsylvania, USA. METHODOLOGY: Residents at University of Pennsylvania enter all clinical patient records into an electronic database called PennEndo database. Analysis of records of ...
Kelley Martin J - - 2009
Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis describes the common shoulder condition characterized by painful and limited active and passive range of motion. The etiology of frozen shoulder remains unclear; however, patients typically demonstrate a characteristic history, clinical presentation, and recovery. A classification schema is described, in which primary frozen shoulder and ...
Rasmussen-Barr Eva - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: The study was a randomized controlled trial. Treatment was for 8 weeks, with follow-up posttreatment and at 6-, 12-, and 36- months. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to evaluate the effect of a graded exercise intervention emphasizing stabilizing exercises in patients with nonspecific, recurrent low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY ...
da Silva Rubens A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of pelvic stabilization and two lower-limb configurations on the EMG activity of back and hip extensor muscles during a dynamic back extension exercise on a machine and to compare them between sexes. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy volunteers (11 men and 11 women) performed five trunk flexion-extension ...
Froud Robert - - 2009
Reporting numbers needed to treat (NNT) improves interpretability of trial results. It is unusual that continuous outcomes are converted to numbers of individual responders to treatment (i.e., those who reach a particular threshold of change); and deteriorations prevented are only rarely considered. We consider how numbers needed to treat can ...
Boyle Kyndall L - - 2009
This case report describes therapeutic exercise management for a female with a chief complaint of right sciatica and secondary low back pain (LBP). The patient was a 61-year old female with chronic right sciatica and LBP. At initial examination she reported pain at 9 on a scale of 10, with ...
Beales Darren John - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate motor control (MC) patterns of normal subjects during the low level physical load of the active straight leg raise (ASLR). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Aberrant MC patterns, as observed with the ASLR test, are considered to be a mechanism for ongoing pain and ...
Slade Susan C - - 2009
Non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) has become a significant problem due to high healthcare utilization, rising costs of care and perceived limitations of effectiveness of many current treatments. Systematic reviews have repeatedly concluded that, on average across participants, exercise for NSCLBP appears effective in decreasing pain and improving function. ...
Engebretsen Kaia - - 2009
To compare the effectiveness of radial extracorporeal shockwave treatment with that of supervised exercises in patients with shoulder pain. Single blind randomised study. Outpatient clinic of physical medicine and rehabilitation department in Oslo, Norway. 104 patients with subacromial shoulder pain lasting at least three months. Radial extracorporeal shockwave treatment: one ...
Heinrich Judith - - 2009
Despite the fact that the population of self-employed persons is still growing and at risk for long term disability due to a number of risk factors, there is still a lack of information on the effectiveness of interventions for this specific group. To determine the effectiveness of physical training without ...
Smeets Rob J E M - - 2009
QUESTION: Does a graded exercise program emphasising lumbar stabilising exercises reduce pain and disability at 12 months, compared with a walking program, for patients with recurrent low back pain? DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A single private physiotherapy clinic in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 71 patients with recurrent mechanical low back pain ...
Michaleff Zoe A - - 2009
Whiplash is the most common injury following a motor vehicle accident. Approximately 60% of people suffer persistent pain and disability six months post injury. Two forms of exercise; specific motor relearning exercises and graded activity, have been found to be effective treatments for this condition. Although the effect sizes for ...
Ortega E - - 2009
Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterised by chronic widespread pain and allodynia (pain from stimuli which are not normally painful with pain that may occur other than in the area stimulated) of more than 3 months duration. The current hypothesis of the aetiology of FM includes inflammatory and neuroendocrine disorders. The biophysiology ...
Hurley Deirdre A - - 2009
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a persistent disabling condition with rising significant healthcare, social and economic costs. Current research supports the use of exercise-based treatment approaches that encourage people with CLBP to assume a physically active role in their recovery. While international clinical guidelines and systematic reviews for CLBP ...
Nagrale Amit V - - 2009
Cyriax and Cyriax advocated the use of deep transverse friction massage in combination with Mill's manipulation in treating lateral epicondylalgia. Evidence comparing this approach with other physical therapies is lacking. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of deep transverse friction massage with Mill's manipulation ...
Waller Benjamin - - 2009
To examine the effectiveness of therapeutic aquatic exercise in the treatment of low back pain. A systematic review. A search was performed of PEDro, CINAHL (ovid), PUBMED, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and SPORTDiscus databases to identify relevant studies published between 1990 and 2007. Adults suffering from low back pain. All ...
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