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Results 151 - 200 of 966
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Oesch Peter - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether exercise is more effective than usual care to reduce work disability in patients with non-acute non-specific low back pain, and if so, to explore which type of exercise is most effective. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the effectiveness of exercise in ...
Murphy Bernadette - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study sought to (1) determine whether a 4-week period of chiropractic care improved the ability of chronic neck pain patients to respond to an 8-week period of exercise rehabilitation and (2) determine effect sizes to use in sample size calculations for future studies. METHODS: Twenty male and ...
Lin Chung-Wei Christine - - 2010
The most common ankle injuries are ankle sprain and ankle fracture. This review discusses treatments for ankle sprain (including the management of the acute sprain and chronic instability) and ankle fracture, using evidence from recent systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials. After ankle sprain, there is evidence for the use ...
Fryer Jerome C J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sitting is associated with loss of the lumbar lordosis, intervertebral disc (IVD) compression, and height loss, possibly increasing the risk of lower back pain. With a trend toward more sitting jobs worldwide, practical strategies for preventing lumbar flattening and potentially associated low back pain (LBP) are important. PURPOSE: The ...
Fransen M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if clinical guidelines recommending therapeutic exercise for people with hip osteoarthritis (OA) are supported by rigorous scientific evidence. METHODS: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) recruiting people with hip OA and comparing some form of land-based exercise program (as opposed to exercises conducted in the water) ...
Sanchis Juan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise testing constitutes the usual tool for decision making in chest pain units. This policy implies logistical constrains. Our aim was to evaluate a new strategy, combining a clinical risk score and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), in patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain, without ischemic ...
Sullivan Amy Burleson - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Determining the acute effects of a brief, 10-minute exercise protocol on pain, mood, and perceived exertion. PATIENTS: Twenty-eight subjects who were admitted to the Cleveland Clinic Chronic Pain Rehabilitation Program (CPRP), and who were capable of completing an experimenter-designed and controlled treadmill protocol were included in this pilot study. ...
Yildirim Yücel - - 2010
This study explored how the effectiveness of prescription exercises for a home program for patients with non-specific low back pain by using the method with specified describing style in accordance with ATLAS (The Assessing the Learning Strategies of Adults) and traditional method that we often use in clinic. Twenty-six patients ...
Bleakley Chris M - - 2010
To compare an accelerated intervention incorporating early therapeutic exercise after acute ankle sprains with a standard protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation intervention. Randomised controlled trial with blinded outcome assessor. Accident and emergency department and university based sports injury clinic. 101 patients with an acute grade 1 or 2 ankle ...
Blakey H - - 2010
Anecdotal beliefs that exercise is an effective treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea have prevailed for many years although evidence is contradictory. Previous studies have also contained a number of methodological inadequacies. A questionnaire that assessed menstrual pain and levels of exercise was administered to 654 university students. Attempts were made to ...
Reeve Julie - - 2010
Does a postoperative physiotherapy exercise program incorporating shoulder exercises improve shoulder function, pain, range of motion, muscle strength, and health-related quality of life in patients undergoing elective pulmonary resection via open thoracotomy? Randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. 76 patients who underwent pulmonary resection via open ...
Hollander Daniel B - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to determine how manipulation of peripheral blood flow during resistance exercise using a light load affected perception and physiological measures compared with moderate load resistance exercise and a control trial. Seven subjects performed a 3 (session) by 2 (biceps curls and calf extensions) within-subjects ...
Muthukrishnan Ramprasad - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine the differential effect of core stability exercise training and conventional physiotherapy regime on altered postural control parameters in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). As heterogeneity in CLBP population moderates the effect of intervention on outcomes, in this study, interventions ...
Salo Petri K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic neck pain is a common condition associated not only with a decrease in neck muscle strength, but also with decrease in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). While neck strength training has been shown to be effective in improving neck muscle strength and reducing neck pain, HRQoL among patients ...
Osterås Håvard - - 2010
The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of medical exercise therapy in shoulder impingement patients, along with possible correlations between impairment variables. A prospective unblended randomized clinical trial. Over four months, 61 participants were randomly assigned into a high-graded exercise therapy group (HD) (n=31) and into ...
Cottrell Elizabeth - - 2010
Joint pain, specifically chronic knee pain (CKP), is a frequent cause of chronic pain and limitation of function and mobility among older adults. Multiple evidence-based guidelines recommend exercise as a first-line treatment for all patients with CKP or knee osteoarthritis (KOA), yet healthcare practitioners' attitudes and beliefs may limit their ...
Hurley Michael V - - 2010
To explore the health beliefs, experiences, treatment and expectations of people with chronic knee pain, and investigate if, how and why these change after taking part on an integrated exercise-based rehabilitation programme--Enabling Self-management and Coping with Arthritis knee Pain through Exercise, ESCAPE-knee pain. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with people with ...
Bennell Kim L - - 2010
This randomised, single-blind controlled pilot trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of a physiotherapy program, including exercise and manual therapy, in reducing impairments and improving physical function and health-related quality of life in people with a history of painful osteoporotic vertebral fracture. 20 participants were randomly allocated to an intervention ...
Escolar-Reina Pilar - - 2010
The aim of this study is to explore perceptions of people with chronic neck or low back pain about how characteristics of home exercise programs and care-provider style during clinical encounters may affect adherence to exercises. This is a qualitative study consisting of seven focus groups, with a total of ...
Choi Brian Kl - - 2010
Back pain is a common disorder that has a tendency to recur. It is unclear if exercises, either as part of treatment or as a post-treatment programme, can reduce back pain recurrences. To investigate the effectiveness of exercises for preventing new episodes of low-back pain or low-back pain-associated disability. We ...
Mannerkorpi Kaisa - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of moderate-to-high intensity Nordic walking (NW) on functional capacity and pain in fibromyalgia (FM). A total of 67 women with FM were recruited to the study and randomized either to moderate-to-high intensity Nordic Walking (n = 34, age 48 ± ...
Crawshaw Dickon P DP Leeds Musculoskeletal and Rehabilitation Service, Leeds Community Healthcare, Leeds LS7 - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness of subacromial corticosteroid injection combined with timely exercise and manual therapy (injection plus exercise) or exercise and manual therapy alone (exercise only) in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. Pragmatic randomised clinical trial. Primary care based musculoskeletal service. Patients Adults aged 40 or over with subacromial impingement ...
Yardley Lucy - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lessons in the Alexander Technique and exercise prescription proved effective for managing low back pain in primary care in a clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To understand trial participants' expectations and experiences of the Alexander Technique and exercise prescription. METHODS: A questionnaire assessing attitudes to the intervention, based on the Theory ...
Rittweger J?rn - - 2010
Whilst exposure to vibration is traditionally regarded as perilous, recent research has focussed on potential benefits. Here, the physical principles of forced oscillations are discussed in relation to vibration as an exercise modality. Acute physiological responses to isolated tendon and muscle vibration and to whole body vibration exercise are reviewed, ...
Altan Lale - - 2009
Altan L, Korkmaz N, Bingol U, Gunay B. Effect of Pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Pilates on pain, functional status, and quality of life in fibromyalgia, which is known to be a chronic musculoskeletal disorder. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, controlled, ...
Zhang Yin-gang - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study of 4180 subjects was carried. OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors of lumbar disc herniation in China. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In China, along with the economic development, people's living environment and working conditions have undergone some tremendous changes, such as the accelerating life pace ...
Sokunbi Oluwaleke - - 2010
Spinal stabilisation exercises are commonly used in the management of low back pain (LBP). There is limited evidence relating to patients' experiences of their involvement in such programmes. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of a sample of individuals with chronic LBP who participated in a ...
Costa Leonardo O P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The evidence that exercise intervention is effective for treatment of chronic low back pain comes from trials that are not placebo-controlled. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of motor control exercise for people with chronic low back pain. DESIGN: This was a randomized, placebo-controlled ...
Stasinopoulos D - - 2010
Home and supervised exercise programmes consisting of stretching and eccentric exercises have been recommended for the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). No studies have examined their comparative efficacy effectiveness. In this study, whether a home exercise programme is more successful than a supervised exercise programme in treating patients with ...
Wilks Scott E - - 2009
This study is a follow-up to a study previously published in this journal that reported the moderating function of exercise exertion amid the relationship between age and low back pain (LBP) among consistent exercise participants. The current study analyzed factors of psychological adaptation as potential mediators within the age--LBP relationship. ...
Dehner Christoph - - 2009
CONTEXT: Chronic low back pain (LBP) has been reported with a high incidence in elite rowers. It results in less effective training, long interruptions in training, and a drop in performance. OBJECTIVE: The authors hypothesized that exercise-induced LBP in rowers is caused by a chronic functional compartment syndrome (CFCS) of ...
Best R - - 2009
Except for traumatic or spontaneous pneumothorax, little information is known about exercise associated pleural pathologies. We present the case of a 22-year-old athlete with symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders of his upper back after a first league soccer match. Clinical examination initially showed a blockage of the costotransversal joints six and ...
Rigante Donato - - 2011
We report the case of a 13-year-old boy with an abrupt onset of leg pain and muscle weakness, incapability of deambulation and a laboratory picture of exercise-induced acute rhabdomyolysis. Intravenous hyperhydration and forced diuresis were adopted to avoid renal complications. No evidence of articular or residual muscular damage was appreciated ...
Newsome R J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether immediate commencement of exercises after lumbar microdiscectomy enabled patients to become independently mobile more rapidly with no increase in risk of complications. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. SETTING: One secondary care teaching hospital in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients were recruited. The follow-up rate was ...
Cohen Emma E A - - 2010
Physical exercise is known to stimulate the release of endorphins, creating a mild sense of euphoria that has rewarding properties. Using pain tolerance (a conventional non-invasive assay for endorphin release), we show that synchronized training in a college rowing crew creates a heightened endorphin surge compared with a similar training ...
Choi Yoonhee - - 2009
Rectus sheath hematoma is a relatively rare condition but a significant cause of acute abdominal pain. The acute abdominal pain associated with rectus sheath hematoma can mimic several conditions, such as appendicitis, intestinal problems (obstruction, perforation, hernia, malignancy), and gynecologic disease (ovarian cyst, torsion, tubo-ovarian abscess, ectopic pregnancy). Correct diagnosis ...
Kogan Asia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study assessed the contribution of exercise stress testing (EST) in the evaluation of patients with low risk for coronary heart disease who presented to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain. BASIC PROCEDURES: The study included 175 patients who presented to the ED with chest pain and ...
Hart Joseph M - - 2009
Isolated lumbar paraspinal muscle fatigue causes lower extremity and postural control deficits. To describe the change in body position during gait after fatiguing lumbar extension exercises in persons with recurrent episodes of low back pain compared with healthy controls. Case-control study. Motion analysis laboratory. Twenty-five recreationally active participants with a ...
Li Wei-Chun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise therapy on quality of life in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or osteopenia. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, EMBASE and the Cochrane library from January 1966 to March 2007. Two reviewers independently selected all studies that met predetermined inclusion criteria. Randomized controlled trials ...
Jull G A - - 2009
Deep cervical flexor muscle (DCF) activation is impaired with neck pain. This study investigated the effects of low load cranio-cervical flexion (C-CF) and neck flexor strengthening exercises on spatial and temporal characteristics of DCF activation during a neck movement task and a task challenging the neck's postural stability. Forty-six chronic ...
Mannion Anne F - - 2009
Exercise rehabilitation is one of the few evidence-based treatments for chronic non-specific low back pain (cLBP), but individual success is notoriously variable and may depend on the patient's adherence to the prescribed exercise regime. This prospective study examined factors associated with adherence and the relationship between adherence and outcome after ...
Al-Housni M Bashar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without inducible ischaemia may not be beneficial. We investigated the prevalence of inducible hypoperfusion using myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in patients undergoing PCI, and its ability to predict functional outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-three patients listed for elective PCI underwent MPS, ...
Dusunceli Yesim - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of neck stabilization exercises in the management of neck pain. Patients and methods: Sixty patients with neck pain were randomized to 3 groups, as follows: group 1--physical therapy agents including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, continuous ultrasound and infra-red irradiation; group 2--physical therapy agents + isometric ...
Koutris M - - 2009
Nociceptive substances, injected into the masseter muscle, induce pain and facilitate the jaw-stretch reflex. It is hypothesized that intense chewing would provoke similar effects. Fourteen men performed 20 bouts of 5-minute chewing. After each bout, 20 min and 24 hrs after the exercise, muscle fatigue and pain scores and the ...
Pedersen Mogens T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of two contrasting physical activity worksite interventions versus a reference intervention (REF) on various health outcomes. METHODS: A 1-year randomized controlled trial was conducted with specific resistance training (SRT), all-round physical exercise (APE), and REF. RESULTS: SRT and APE compared with REF showed significant reductions ...
Dundar Umit - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of aquatic exercise interventions with land-based exercises in the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Land-based exercise and physiotherapy are the main treatment tools used for CLBP. Clinical experience indicates ...
Chopra Rajat - - 2009
Exercise-induced chronic compartment syndrome in the first dorsal compartment is an uncommon entity and relatively rare condition which is not very well understood. It is a usually activity-related condition and is associated with decreased function of muscle with intracompartmental swelling. We present a case with proven exercise-induced raised compartment pressure ...
Ulger Ozlem - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of phantom limb exercises on phantom limb pain. METHODS: A total of 20 traumatic amputees participated in the study. Ten received phantom exercises and prosthetic training, and 10 were treated with routine prosthetic training and a general exercise programme. Intensity of pain was evaluated using ...
Lobetti R G - - 2009
A 4-month-old male Jack Russell terrier was evaluated for non-painful muscle spasms and collapse associated with exercise and activity. Clinical examination revealed well-defined, non-painful hypertrophic muscles of the fore and hind limbs and exercise and excitement induced hindquarter bunny-hopping gait, which improved with activity but worsened with resting and with ...
Ferreira P H - - 2010
Although motor control exercises have been shown to be effective in the management of low back pain (LBP) the mechanism of action is unclear. The current study investigated the relationship between the ability to recruit transversus abdominis and clinical outcomes of participants in a clinical trial. Ultrasonography was used to ...
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