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Ferreira Manuela L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise programs may vary in terms of duration, frequency, and dosage; whether they are supervised; and whether they include a home-based program. Uncritical pooling of heterogeneous exercise trials may result in misleading conclusions regarding the effects of exercise on chronic low back pain (CLBP). PURPOSE: The purpose of this ...
Unsgaard-Tøndel Monica - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise benefits patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain; however, the most effective type of exercise remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study compared outcomes after motor control exercises, sling exercises, and general exercises for low back pain. DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial with a 1-year follow-up. SETTING: The ...
Cleland Joshua A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A clinical prediction rule (CPR) purported to identify patients with neck pain who are likely to respond to thoracic spine thrust manipulation has recently been developed, but has yet to be validated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of this CPR. DESIGN: This was ...
Tsai Yung-Shen - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study using a cross-sectional design. OBJECTIVES: To examine the kinematics and kinetics of the trunk and the physical characteristics of trunk and hip in golfers with and without a history of low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND: Modified swing patterns and general exercises have been suggested for ...
Smirmaul Bruno de Paula Caraça Bde - - 2012
Introduction The sense of effort is an essential component of all forms of exercise. Although extensively studied, exercise physiologists have failed to reach consensus about whether this sensation is based on afferent sensory feedback or is centrally generated and independent of such feedback. This confusion has led to misunderstandings regarding ...
Hart Joseph M - - 2010
A relationship between the muscles that stabilize the lumbar spine and the lower extremity exists that may result in neuromuscular and biomechanical changes during prolonged aerobic exercise in those with low back pain. Twenty recreationally active adults with healthy lower extremity joints, 7 with recurring episodes of low back pain ...
Goren Ahmet - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises alone and in combination with a single physical agent - ultrasound - in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, controlled trial. SETTING: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital. SUBJECTS: Forty-five patients presenting with symptoms of neurological claudication and ...
Umeda Masataka - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) in men and women, and whether different magnitudes of BP elevations induced by isometric exercise systematically influenced pain perception. Twenty-five men and 25 women performed isometric exercise at 25% MVC for 1-min, 3-min, and 5-min while BP and pain ...
Beattie Angela - - 2010
To outline professionals' experiences of participation, perceived benefits and acceptability of the interventions delivered in the ATEAM trial (Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage), for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. Qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted with a purposeful sample of twenty professionals (general practitioners (GPs), nurses, ...
Smith Caroline - - 2010
This paper summarizes evidence of long-term effectiveness of physiotherapy exercise therapy for chronic low back pain (LBP). A literature search was undertaken for experimental studies (2001-2007), which reported any post-intervention (follow-up) outcomes. Studies were critically appraised using the PEDro instrument. Comparative statistics were calculated, relative to the type of follow-up ...
Sharma Neena K - - 2010
Plantar fasciitis is a common and hard-to-treat disorder of the foot. Numerous studies have compared various stretching exercises, but the use of a day-wear static progressive stretch brace has not been studied. A randomized, single-blinded trial was conducted to compare the effectiveness of a static progressive stretch brace to standard ...
Ylinen Jari J Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Hospital of Central Finland, Jyväskylä, Finland. - - 2010
To compare the efficacy of three 12-month training programmes on headache and upper extremity pain in patients with chronic neck pain. A total of 180 female office workers, with chronic, non-specific neck pain were randomly assigned to 3 groups. The strength group performed isometric, dynamic and stretching exercises. The endurance ...
Sharma Neena K - - 2010
Present literature and clinical practice provide strong support for the use of aerobic exercise in reducing pain and improving function for individuals with chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes. However, the molecular basis for the positive actions of exercise remains poorly understood. Recent studies suggest that neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) may act in an ...
Cook Dane B - - 2010
Since returning from the Persian Gulf, nearly 100,000 veterans of the first Gulf War (GVs) have reported numerous symptoms with no apparent medical explanation. A primary complaint of these individuals is chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). CMP symptoms in GVs are similar to those reported by patients with fibromyalgia (FM), but ...
Van Oosterwijck J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of the pain inhibitory systems in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) during two different types of exercise and to examine whether the (mal)functioning of pain inhibitory systems is associated with symptom increases following exercise. DESIGN: A controlled experimental study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Twenty-two ...
Hart Lawrence - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of supervised exercise therapy with usual care on self-reported recovery, pain, and function in persons with patellofemoral pain syndrome. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, unblinded, multicenter trial of 3 month's duration. Sample size was calculated with 80% power to show a minimum clinically important difference of 22% ...
Ma Chao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common causes of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Several methods have been recommended for the inactivation of trigger points (TrPs). We carried out this study to investigate the effectiveness of miniscalpel-needle (MSN) release and acupuncture needling and self neck-stretching exercises on myofascial ...
Franettovich Melinda - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare neuromuscular control ofthe lower limb during gait between individuals with and without a history of exercise-related leg pain (ERLP). METHODS: Fourteen females with a history of ERLP and 14 age-, height-, and weight-matched asymptomatic female controls participated in the study.Electromyographic activity, normalized to maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), ...
Murphy Bernadette - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study sought to (1) determine whether a 4-week period of chiropractic care improved the ability of chronic neck pain patients to respond to an 8-week period of exercise rehabilitation and (2) determine effect sizes to use in sample size calculations for future studies. METHODS: Twenty male and ...
Lin Chung-Wei Christine - - 2010
The most common ankle injuries are ankle sprain and ankle fracture. This review discusses treatments for ankle sprain (including the management of the acute sprain and chronic instability) and ankle fracture, using evidence from recent systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials. After ankle sprain, there is evidence for the use ...
Oesch Peter P Research Department, Rehabilitation Centre Valens, Valens, Switzerland. - - 2010
To determine whether exercise is more effective than usual care to reduce work disability in patients with non-acute non-specific low back pain, and if so, to explore which type of exercise is most effective. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the effectiveness of exercise in non-acute non-specific ...
Fryer Jerome C J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sitting is associated with loss of the lumbar lordosis, intervertebral disc (IVD) compression, and height loss, possibly increasing the risk of lower back pain. With a trend toward more sitting jobs worldwide, practical strategies for preventing lumbar flattening and potentially associated low back pain (LBP) are important. PURPOSE: The ...
Fransen M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if clinical guidelines recommending therapeutic exercise for people with hip osteoarthritis (OA) are supported by rigorous scientific evidence. METHODS: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) recruiting people with hip OA and comparing some form of land-based exercise program (as opposed to exercises conducted in the water) ...
Sanchis Juan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise testing constitutes the usual tool for decision making in chest pain units. This policy implies logistical constrains. Our aim was to evaluate a new strategy, combining a clinical risk score and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), in patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain, without ischemic ...
Sullivan Amy Burleson - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Determining the acute effects of a brief, 10-minute exercise protocol on pain, mood, and perceived exertion. PATIENTS: Twenty-eight subjects who were admitted to the Cleveland Clinic Chronic Pain Rehabilitation Program (CPRP), and who were capable of completing an experimenter-designed and controlled treadmill protocol were included in this pilot study. ...
Yildirim Yücel - - 2010
This study explored how the effectiveness of prescription exercises for a home program for patients with non-specific low back pain by using the method with specified describing style in accordance with ATLAS (The Assessing the Learning Strategies of Adults) and traditional method that we often use in clinic. Twenty-six patients ...
Bleakley Chris M - - 2010
To compare an accelerated intervention incorporating early therapeutic exercise after acute ankle sprains with a standard protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation intervention. Randomised controlled trial with blinded outcome assessor. Accident and emergency department and university based sports injury clinic. 101 patients with an acute grade 1 or 2 ankle ...
Blakey H - - 2010
Anecdotal beliefs that exercise is an effective treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea have prevailed for many years although evidence is contradictory. Previous studies have also contained a number of methodological inadequacies. A questionnaire that assessed menstrual pain and levels of exercise was administered to 654 university students. Attempts were made to ...
Reeve Julie - - 2010
Does a postoperative physiotherapy exercise program incorporating shoulder exercises improve shoulder function, pain, range of motion, muscle strength, and health-related quality of life in patients undergoing elective pulmonary resection via open thoracotomy? Randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. 76 patients who underwent pulmonary resection via open ...
Hollander Daniel B - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to determine how manipulation of peripheral blood flow during resistance exercise using a light load affected perception and physiological measures compared with moderate load resistance exercise and a control trial. Seven subjects performed a 3 (session) by 2 (biceps curls and calf extensions) within-subjects ...
Muthukrishnan Ramprasad - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to examine the differential effect of core stability exercise training and conventional physiotherapy regime on altered postural control parameters in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). As heterogeneity in CLBP population moderates the effect of intervention on outcomes, in this study, interventions ...
Salo Petri K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic neck pain is a common condition associated not only with a decrease in neck muscle strength, but also with decrease in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). While neck strength training has been shown to be effective in improving neck muscle strength and reducing neck pain, HRQoL among patients ...
Osterås Håvard - - 2010
The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of medical exercise therapy in shoulder impingement patients, along with possible correlations between impairment variables. A prospective unblended randomized clinical trial. Over four months, 61 participants were randomly assigned into a high-graded exercise therapy group (HD) (n=31) and into ...
Cottrell Elizabeth - - 2010
Joint pain, specifically chronic knee pain (CKP), is a frequent cause of chronic pain and limitation of function and mobility among older adults. Multiple evidence-based guidelines recommend exercise as a first-line treatment for all patients with CKP or knee osteoarthritis (KOA), yet healthcare practitioners' attitudes and beliefs may limit their ...
Hurley Michael V - - 2010
To explore the health beliefs, experiences, treatment and expectations of people with chronic knee pain, and investigate if, how and why these change after taking part on an integrated exercise-based rehabilitation programme--Enabling Self-management and Coping with Arthritis knee Pain through Exercise, ESCAPE-knee pain. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with people with ...
Bennell Kim L - - 2010
This randomised, single-blind controlled pilot trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of a physiotherapy program, including exercise and manual therapy, in reducing impairments and improving physical function and health-related quality of life in people with a history of painful osteoporotic vertebral fracture. 20 participants were randomly allocated to an intervention ...
Escolar-Reina Pilar - - 2010
The aim of this study is to explore perceptions of people with chronic neck or low back pain about how characteristics of home exercise programs and care-provider style during clinical encounters may affect adherence to exercises. This is a qualitative study consisting of seven focus groups, with a total of ...
Choi Brian Kl - - 2010
Back pain is a common disorder that has a tendency to recur. It is unclear if exercises, either as part of treatment or as a post-treatment programme, can reduce back pain recurrences. To investigate the effectiveness of exercises for preventing new episodes of low-back pain or low-back pain-associated disability. We ...
Mannerkorpi Kaisa - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of moderate-to-high intensity Nordic walking (NW) on functional capacity and pain in fibromyalgia (FM). A total of 67 women with FM were recruited to the study and randomized either to moderate-to-high intensity Nordic Walking (n = 34, age 48 ± ...
Crawshaw Dickon P DP Leeds Musculoskeletal and Rehabilitation Service, Leeds Community Healthcare, Leeds LS7 - - 2010
To compare the effectiveness of subacromial corticosteroid injection combined with timely exercise and manual therapy (injection plus exercise) or exercise and manual therapy alone (exercise only) in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. Pragmatic randomised clinical trial. Primary care based musculoskeletal service. Patients Adults aged 40 or over with subacromial impingement ...
Yardley Lucy - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lessons in the Alexander Technique and exercise prescription proved effective for managing low back pain in primary care in a clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To understand trial participants' expectations and experiences of the Alexander Technique and exercise prescription. METHODS: A questionnaire assessing attitudes to the intervention, based on the Theory ...
Rittweger J?rn - - 2010
Whilst exposure to vibration is traditionally regarded as perilous, recent research has focussed on potential benefits. Here, the physical principles of forced oscillations are discussed in relation to vibration as an exercise modality. Acute physiological responses to isolated tendon and muscle vibration and to whole body vibration exercise are reviewed, ...
Altan Lale - - 2009
Altan L, Korkmaz N, Bingol U, Gunay B. Effect of Pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Pilates on pain, functional status, and quality of life in fibromyalgia, which is known to be a chronic musculoskeletal disorder. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, controlled, ...
Zhang Yin-gang - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study of 4180 subjects was carried. OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors of lumbar disc herniation in China. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In China, along with the economic development, people's living environment and working conditions have undergone some tremendous changes, such as the accelerating life pace ...
Sokunbi Oluwaleke - - 2010
Spinal stabilisation exercises are commonly used in the management of low back pain (LBP). There is limited evidence relating to patients' experiences of their involvement in such programmes. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of a sample of individuals with chronic LBP who participated in a ...
Costa Leonardo O P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The evidence that exercise intervention is effective for treatment of chronic low back pain comes from trials that are not placebo-controlled. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of motor control exercise for people with chronic low back pain. DESIGN: This was a randomized, placebo-controlled ...
Stasinopoulos D - - 2010
Home and supervised exercise programmes consisting of stretching and eccentric exercises have been recommended for the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). No studies have examined their comparative efficacy effectiveness. In this study, whether a home exercise programme is more successful than a supervised exercise programme in treating patients with ...
Wilks Scott E - - 2009
This study is a follow-up to a study previously published in this journal that reported the moderating function of exercise exertion amid the relationship between age and low back pain (LBP) among consistent exercise participants. The current study analyzed factors of psychological adaptation as potential mediators within the age--LBP relationship. ...
Dehner Christoph - - 2009
CONTEXT: Chronic low back pain (LBP) has been reported with a high incidence in elite rowers. It results in less effective training, long interruptions in training, and a drop in performance. OBJECTIVE: The authors hypothesized that exercise-induced LBP in rowers is caused by a chronic functional compartment syndrome (CFCS) of ...
Best R - - 2009
Except for traumatic or spontaneous pneumothorax, little information is known about exercise associated pleural pathologies. We present the case of a 22-year-old athlete with symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders of his upper back after a first league soccer match. Clinical examination initially showed a blockage of the costotransversal joints six and ...
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