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Results 101 - 150 of 983
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Chou Fang-Yu - - 2012
Purpose/Objectives: To compare changes in frequency, duration, and intensity of exercise behaviors over time in women with breast cancer between those who started their exercise intervention at the beginning of chemotherapy (EE) and those who started at the completion of chemotherapy (CE).Design: A secondary data analysis of a randomized, controlled ...
Krogh Jesper - - 2012
The effect of referring patients from a clinical setting to a pragmatic exercise intervention for depressive symptoms, cognitive function, and metabolic variables has yet to be determined. Outpatients with major depression (DSM-IV) were allocated to supervised aerobic or stretching exercise groups during a three months period. The primary outcome was ...
Terrill Jessica R - - 2011
Oxidative stress is implicated as a factor that increases necrosis of skeletal muscles in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) and the dystrophic mdx mouse. Consequently, drugs that minimize oxidative stress are potential treatments for muscular dystrophy. This study examined the in vivo benefits to mdx mice of an antioxidant treatment with ...
Wang Zhonghua - - 2012
This study was to determine whether combination of the angiotensin II AT1 receptor blocker (ARB), candesartan cilexetil, and exercise training can prevent the development of high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance. F344/NSlc rats were fed normal chow diet or high-fat (HF) diet for 7 weeks. The HF-fed rats were either administered candesartan ...
García-Mesa Yoelvis - - 2011
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating age-related neurodegenerative disease with no specific treatment at present. Several healthy lifestyle options and over-the-counter drugs that it has been suggested delay the onset of the disease are in an experimental phase, but it is unclear whether they will have any therapeutic value against ...
Wouters Constantijn W - - 2011
Aim: Statins can induce pharmacologic preconditioning and thereby reduce infarct size. Cellular phosphatidylserine (PS) exposition occurs in the course of ischaemia and reperfusion and has been associated with injury. In this experiment we studied the effect of atorvastatin on PS exposition after a standardised ischaemia and reperfusion challenge.Methods: In a ...
Urdampilleta Aritz - - 2011
Obesity is an important public health problem worldwide and is a major risk factor for a number of chronic diseases such as type II diabetes, adverse cardiovascular events and metabolic syndrome-related features. Different treatments have been applied to tackle body fat accumulation and its associated clinical manifestations. Often, relevant weight ...
Hayward Reid - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors are at greater risk of cardiovascular complications once they reach adulthood. Anthracyclines may be a major contributor to these delayed-onset complications, yet their use continues because of favorable clinical outcomes. Exercise has been shown to protect against anthracycline cardiotoxicity, yet it is unclear whether exercise can ...
Ferrantino Matthew - - 2011
Inhaled treprostinil sodium, a prostacyclin analog, is the most recent agent to receive FDA approval for the treatment of a fatal orphan disease: pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This article first reviews the data supporting the use of infusion prostacyclin and treprostinil as treatments for PAH. The authors then review inhaled ...
Lukban James Chivian - - 2012
Stress urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition in women with a significant negative effect on quality of life. Intervention includes behavioral modification, intravaginal devices, pelvic floor muscle exercises, biofeedback, functional electrical stimulation, and surgical procedures. We will review a new in-office procedure for the treatment of SUI that may serve ...
Standaert Christopher J - - 2011
Systematic review. We sought to answer the following clinical questions: (1) Is structured exercise more effective in the treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP) than spinal manipulative therapy (SMT)? (2) Is structured exercise more effective in the treatment of chronic LBP than acupuncture? (3) Is SMT more effective in ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2011
Demonstrating the treatment fidelity of an intervention is a key methodological requirement of any trial testing the impact of the intervention. The purpose of this report was to serve as a model for evaluating treatment fidelity in stroke exercise intervention studies and to provide evidence for treatment fidelity in the ...
van Koulil S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Patients with fibromyalgia have diminished levels of physical fitness, which may lead to functional disability and exacerbating complaints. Multidisciplinary treatment comprising cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and exercise training has been shown to be effective in improving physical fitness. However, due to the high drop-out rates and large variability in patients' ...
Calis H T - - 2011
Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is the most common reason for shoulder pain. Ultrasound and laser are the physical therapy modalities, in conservative treatment of SIS. The aim of this study was to define and compare the efficacy of ultrasound, laser and exercise in the treatment of SIS. This was a ...
Karvinen Kristina H - - 2011
Purpose/Objectives: To explore exercise programming and counseling preferences and exercise-related beliefs in breast cancer survivors during and after radiation therapy, and to compare differences based on treatment and insurance status.Design: Cross-sectional survey.Setting: Ambulatory cancer center in a rural community in eastern North Carolina.Sample: 91 breast cancer survivors during or after ...
Hubal Monica J MJ Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, - - 2011
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, or statins, are widely used drugs for hyperlipidemia and are generally well-tolerated, but the can produce skeletal muscle toxicity. The molecular mechanisms driving statin myopathy are unknown. We investigated the effects of statin treatment and eccentric (damaging) exercise on transcriptional patterns between statin myopathy (Sym; ...
Ackel-D'Elia Carolina - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 2-month exercise training associated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on the subjective and objective sleep measurements, quality of life, and mood in moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients. METHODS: Male patients were ...
Barnes Matthew J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute vibration therapy (VT) on performance recovery after a bout of strenuous eccentric exercise. Eight healthy males completed 300 maximal eccentric contractions of the quadriceps of one leg on an isokinetic dynamometer. Immediately after exercise and 12 and 24 h ...
Annesi James J - - 2011
Lack of success with behavioral weight-management treatments indicates a need for a better understanding of modifiable psychological correlates. Adults with class 2 and 3 obesity (N = 183; Mean (BMI) = 42.0 kg/m(2)) volunteered for a 26-week nutrition and exercise treatment, based on social cognitive theory, that focused on self-efficacy ...
Toups Marisa S P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) has potential as a biomarker of depression treatment because serum BDNF in depressed human subjects is decreased and normalizes with treatment. The relationship between serum BDNF and exercise treatment of depression is not known. The Treatment with Exercise Augmentation for Depression (TREAD) study examined ...
Suzuki Masato - - 2011
This study was conducted to assess the effects of exercise, diet, and their combination on metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors including visceral fat mass (VFM), glucose intolerance, and dyslipidemia in OLETF rats. Thirty-two male rats were assigned to exercise (OLETF-Ex), dietary treatment (-DT), combination (-Ex&DT), or sedentary (-Sed) groups. Daily ...
Sapir Shimon - - 2011
Advances in neuroscience have led to an expanded and improved understanding of neurobiological changes associated with rehabilitation and exercise in Parkinson's disease (PD). This knowledge has led to a direct clinical impact of increased referral for early and continuous exercise programs for individuals with PD (physical, occupational, speech therapy and ...
Elers Jimmi - - 2011
Asthma is frequently found among elite athletes performing endurance sports such as swimming, rowing and cross-country skiing. Although these athletes often report symptoms while exercising, they seldom have symptoms at rest. Moreover, compared with nonathletic asthmatic individuals, elite athletes have been shown to have a different distribution of airway inflammation ...
Van Proeyen Karen - - 2011
In this study, we compared the effects of endurance training in the fasted state (F) vs. the fed state [ample carbohydrate intake (CHO)] on exercise-induced intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) and glycogen utilization during a 6-wk period of a hypercaloric (∼+30% kcal/day) fat-rich diet (HFD; 50% of kcal). Healthy male volunteers (18-25 ...
Meyerspeer Martin - - 2011
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can benefit from increased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of high magnetic fields. In this work, the SNR gain of dynamic 31P MRS at 7 T was invested in temporal and spatial resolution. Using conventional slice selective excitation combined with localization by adiabatic selective refocusing (semi-LASER) with short ...
Kelley George A - - 2011
To use the meta-analytic approach to determine the effects of community-deliverable exercise on pain and physical function in adults with arthritis and other rheumatic diseases (AORD). Data sources consisted of 6 electronic databases, cross-referencing from retrieved studies and expert review. Study selection included 1) randomized controlled trials; 2) ≥ 1 ...
Oliveira Ricardo Brandão - - 2011
Exercise oxygen pulse (O₂ pulse), a surrogate for stroke volume and arteriovenous oxygen difference, has emerged as an important variable obtained during cardiopulmonary exercise testing. We hypothesized that the O₂ pulse curve pattern response to a maximal cycling ramp protocol exhibits a stable linear pattern in subjects reevaluated under the ...
Klepin Heidi D - - 2011
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) largely affects older adults. Few interventions have sought to improve functional status and health-related quality of life (HRQL) during treatment. The objective of this study is to examine the feasibility of an exercise intervention among older adults with AML undergoing induction chemotherapy. Pilot study of adults ...
Smith Mark A - - 2011
Epidemiological studies reveal that individuals who engage in regular aerobic exercise are less likely to use and abuse illicit drugs. Until recently, very few studies had examined the causal influences that mediate this relationship, and it was not clear whether exercise was effective at reducing substance use and abuse. In ...
Trivedi Madhukar H MH The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75390-9119, USA. - - 2011
There is a need for novel approaches to the treatment of stimulant abuse and dependence. Clinical data examining the use of exercise as a treatment for the abuse of nicotine, alcohol, and other substances suggest that exercise may be a beneficial treatment for stimulant abuse, with direct effects on decreased ...
Desai Imtiaz - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to measure trunk muscle activity, whole body balance, and lumbar range of motion during core stability exercises in individuals with and without low back pain (LBP) on and off a labile surface. Descriptive cross-sectional study. University laboratory. Ten individuals with chronic non-specific LBP and ...
Wolańczyk-Medrala Anna - - 2010
We present a case of a 27-years-old female who experienced several episodes of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA). Besides two typical episodes of FDEIA triggered by a postprandial physical exercise, she also experienced atypical episodes in which the sequence of the causative stimuli was clearly reversed-clinical symptoms which appeared after a ...
Bell-Syer Sally E M - - 2011
The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with general practitioner (GP) participation and the recruitment of people to trials in primary care, based on data from two trials of interventions for treating chronic low back pain. The study was based on data from two randomized controlled trials ...
Black Christopher D - - 2010
Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. The acute effects of ginger on muscle pain, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined. Twenty-seven participants performed 24 eccentric actions of the non-dominant elbow flexors. In a double-blind, cross-over design, participants ingested a 2 g dose ...
Okubo Yu - - 2010
Experimental laboratory study. To measure trunk muscle activity using wire electrodes during lumbar stabilization exercises and to examine if more effective exercises to activate the deep trunk muscles (local muscles) exist. Lumbar stabilization exercises are performed to improve motor control of trunk muscles. However, the magnitude of activation of local ...
Fukuda Thiago Yukio - - 2010
Randomized clinical trial. To investigate the influence of strengthening the hip abductor and lateral rotator musculature on pain and function of females with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Hip muscle weakness in women athletes has been the focus of many recent studies and is suggested as an important impairment to address ...
Lim Edwin Choon Wyn - - 2011
A systematic review with meta-analysis. To compare pain and disability in individuals with persistent nonspecific low back pain who were treated with Pilates exercises compared to minimal or other interventions. Searches of Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Cochrane library, PEDro, and ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis databases were conducted. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Gencay-Can A - - 2010
Although several rehabilitation programs to improve functioning and pain after lumbar microdiscectomy have been suggested, little is known about the most effective exercise program. We aimed to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise program starting one month after single-level lumbar microdiscectomy on pain and functioning. Prospective, non-randomized, controlled trial. Outpatient ...
Vasseljen Ottar - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess changes in deep abdominal muscle function after 8 weeks of exercise in chronic low back pain patients. Patients (n = 109) were randomized to specific ultrasound guided, sling or general exercises. Contraction thickness ratio in transversus abdominis (TrA), obliquus internus (OI) and ...
Henchoz Yves Y Institute of Sport Sciences of the University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. - - 2010
To assess the cost-utility of an exercise programme vs usual care after functional multidisciplinary rehabilitation in patients with chronic low back pain. Cost-utility analysis alongside a randomized controlled trial. A total of 105 patients with chronic low back pain. Chronic low back pain patients completing a 3-week functional multidisciplinary rehabilitation ...
Belavý Daniel L - - 2010
To evaluate the effect of short-duration, high-load resistive exercise, with and without whole body vibration on lumbar muscle size, intervertebral disk and spinal morphology changes, and low back pain (LBP) incidence during prolonged bed rest, 24 subjects underwent 60 days of head-down tilt bed rest and performed either resistive vibration ...
Sinaki Mehrsheed - - 2010
The objective of exercise in the treatment of osteoporosis is to improve axial stability through improvement of muscle strength. Therefore, a back extension exercise program specific to one's musculoskeletal competence and pain can be performed in a sitting position and later advanced to the prone position. When fragility is resolved, ...
Morton Darren P - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of posture and body type on the experience of exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP). Postural and somatotype assessments were performed on 104 active males and 55 active females aged 18.6+/-0.4 years (mean+/-SD) and were correlated against their self-reported experience of ...
Haketa T - - 2010
Of the various conservative treatment modalities available for temporomandibular disorders, we believe that therapeutic exercise has a good prognosis, especially for anterior disc displacement without reduction. Since its effectiveness has not been extensively evaluated, we conducted a comparative study to verify the hypothesis that treatment efficacy would not differ for ...
Bernhardsson Susanne - - 2011
To evaluate the effect on pain intensity and function of an exercise concept focusing on specific eccentric strength training of the rotator cuff in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. Single-subject research design with baseline and treatment phases (AB design). Home-based training programme supervised and supported by visits to physiotherapy clinic. ...
Park Jin-Young - - 2010
The aim of this prospective randomized clinical trial was to investigate the efficacy of a home-based program of isometric strengthening exercises for the treatment of the lateral epicondylitis (LE) of the distal humerus. We hypothesized that 1) use of isometric strengthening exercises would result in clinical benefits similar to those ...
Shirado Osamu - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of home-based exercise on pain, dysfunction, and quality of life (QOL) in Japanese individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Exercise therapy is a widely used treatment for CLBP in many countries. The studies on ...
Schmid Annina B - - 2010
CONTEXT: Various studies report decreased muscle activation in the concavity of the curve in patients with scoliosis. Such decreased muscle-performance capacity could lead to sustained postural deficits. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether specific asymmetrical sports therapy exercises rather than symmetrical back strengthening can increase EMG amplitudes of paraspinal muscles in the ...
Nelson-Wong Erika - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) development has been associated with occupational standing. Increased hip and trunk muscle co-activation is considered to be predisposing for LBP development during standing in previously asymptomatic individuals. The purpose of this work was to investigate muscle activation and LBP responses to a prescribed exercise program. Pain-developing ...
Ferreira Manuela L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise programs may vary in terms of duration, frequency, and dosage; whether they are supervised; and whether they include a home-based program. Uncritical pooling of heterogeneous exercise trials may result in misleading conclusions regarding the effects of exercise on chronic low back pain (CLBP). PURPOSE: The purpose of this ...
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