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Barnes Matthew J - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute vibration therapy (VT) on performance recovery after a bout of strenuous eccentric exercise. Eight healthy males completed 300 maximal eccentric contractions of the quadriceps of one leg on an isokinetic dynamometer. Immediately after exercise and 12 and 24 h ...
Annesi James J - - 2011
Lack of success with behavioral weight-management treatments indicates a need for a better understanding of modifiable psychological correlates. Adults with class 2 and 3 obesity (N = 183; Mean (BMI) = 42.0 kg/m(2)) volunteered for a 26-week nutrition and exercise treatment, based on social cognitive theory, that focused on self-efficacy ...
Toups Marisa S P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) has potential as a biomarker of depression treatment because serum BDNF in depressed human subjects is decreased and normalizes with treatment. The relationship between serum BDNF and exercise treatment of depression is not known. The Treatment with Exercise Augmentation for Depression (TREAD) study examined ...
Suzuki Masato - - 2011
This study was conducted to assess the effects of exercise, diet, and their combination on metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors including visceral fat mass (VFM), glucose intolerance, and dyslipidemia in OLETF rats. Thirty-two male rats were assigned to exercise (OLETF-Ex), dietary treatment (-DT), combination (-Ex&DT), or sedentary (-Sed) groups. Daily ...
Sapir Shimon - - 2011
Advances in neuroscience have led to an expanded and improved understanding of neurobiological changes associated with rehabilitation and exercise in Parkinson's disease (PD). This knowledge has led to a direct clinical impact of increased referral for early and continuous exercise programs for individuals with PD (physical, occupational, speech therapy and ...
Elers Jimmi - - 2011
Asthma is frequently found among elite athletes performing endurance sports such as swimming, rowing and cross-country skiing. Although these athletes often report symptoms while exercising, they seldom have symptoms at rest. Moreover, compared with nonathletic asthmatic individuals, elite athletes have been shown to have a different distribution of airway inflammation ...
Van Proeyen Karen - - 2011
In this study, we compared the effects of endurance training in the fasted state (F) vs. the fed state [ample carbohydrate intake (CHO)] on exercise-induced intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) and glycogen utilization during a 6-wk period of a hypercaloric (∼+30% kcal/day) fat-rich diet (HFD; 50% of kcal). Healthy male volunteers (18-25 ...
Meyerspeer Martin - - 2011
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can benefit from increased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of high magnetic fields. In this work, the SNR gain of dynamic 31P MRS at 7 T was invested in temporal and spatial resolution. Using conventional slice selective excitation combined with localization by adiabatic selective refocusing (semi-LASER) with short ...
Kelley George A - - 2011
To use the meta-analytic approach to determine the effects of community-deliverable exercise on pain and physical function in adults with arthritis and other rheumatic diseases (AORD). Data sources consisted of 6 electronic databases, cross-referencing from retrieved studies and expert review. Study selection included 1) randomized controlled trials; 2) ≥ 1 ...
Oliveira Ricardo Brandão - - 2011
Exercise oxygen pulse (O₂ pulse), a surrogate for stroke volume and arteriovenous oxygen difference, has emerged as an important variable obtained during cardiopulmonary exercise testing. We hypothesized that the O₂ pulse curve pattern response to a maximal cycling ramp protocol exhibits a stable linear pattern in subjects reevaluated under the ...
Klepin Heidi D - - 2011
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) largely affects older adults. Few interventions have sought to improve functional status and health-related quality of life (HRQL) during treatment. The objective of this study is to examine the feasibility of an exercise intervention among older adults with AML undergoing induction chemotherapy. Pilot study of adults ...
Smith Mark A - - 2011
Epidemiological studies reveal that individuals who engage in regular aerobic exercise are less likely to use and abuse illicit drugs. Until recently, very few studies had examined the causal influences that mediate this relationship, and it was not clear whether exercise was effective at reducing substance use and abuse. In ...
Trivedi Madhukar H - - 2011
There is a need for novel approaches to the treatment of stimulant abuse and dependence. Clinical data examining the use of exercise as a treatment for the abuse of nicotine, alcohol, and other substances suggest that exercise may be a beneficial treatment for stimulant abuse, with direct effects on decreased ...
Desai Imtiaz - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to measure trunk muscle activity, whole body balance, and lumbar range of motion during core stability exercises in individuals with and without low back pain (LBP) on and off a labile surface. Descriptive cross-sectional study. University laboratory. Ten individuals with chronic non-specific LBP and ...
Wolańczyk-Medrala Anna - - 2010
We present a case of a 27-years-old female who experienced several episodes of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA). Besides two typical episodes of FDEIA triggered by a postprandial physical exercise, she also experienced atypical episodes in which the sequence of the causative stimuli was clearly reversed-clinical symptoms which appeared after a ...
Bell-Syer Sally E M - - 2011
The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with general practitioner (GP) participation and the recruitment of people to trials in primary care, based on data from two trials of interventions for treating chronic low back pain. The study was based on data from two randomized controlled trials ...
Black Christopher D - - 2010
Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. The acute effects of ginger on muscle pain, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined. Twenty-seven participants performed 24 eccentric actions of the non-dominant elbow flexors. In a double-blind, cross-over design, participants ingested a 2 g dose ...
Okubo Yu - - 2010
Experimental laboratory study. To measure trunk muscle activity using wire electrodes during lumbar stabilization exercises and to examine if more effective exercises to activate the deep trunk muscles (local muscles) exist. Lumbar stabilization exercises are performed to improve motor control of trunk muscles. However, the magnitude of activation of local ...
Fukuda Thiago Yukio - - 2010
Randomized clinical trial. To investigate the influence of strengthening the hip abductor and lateral rotator musculature on pain and function of females with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Hip muscle weakness in women athletes has been the focus of many recent studies and is suggested as an important impairment to address ...
Lim Edwin Choon Wyn - - 2011
A systematic review with meta-analysis. To compare pain and disability in individuals with persistent nonspecific low back pain who were treated with Pilates exercises compared to minimal or other interventions. Searches of Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Cochrane library, PEDro, and ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis databases were conducted. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Gencay-Can A - - 2010
Although several rehabilitation programs to improve functioning and pain after lumbar microdiscectomy have been suggested, little is known about the most effective exercise program. We aimed to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise program starting one month after single-level lumbar microdiscectomy on pain and functioning. Prospective, non-randomized, controlled trial. Outpatient ...
Henchoz Yves - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-utility of an exercise programme vs usual care after functional multidisciplinary rehabilitation in patients with chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis alongside a randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: A total of 105 patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Chronic low back pain patients completing a ...
Vasseljen Ottar - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess changes in deep abdominal muscle function after 8 weeks of exercise in chronic low back pain patients. Patients (n = 109) were randomized to specific ultrasound guided, sling or general exercises. Contraction thickness ratio in transversus abdominis (TrA), obliquus internus (OI) and ...
Belavý Daniel L - - 2010
To evaluate the effect of short-duration, high-load resistive exercise, with and without whole body vibration on lumbar muscle size, intervertebral disk and spinal morphology changes, and low back pain (LBP) incidence during prolonged bed rest, 24 subjects underwent 60 days of head-down tilt bed rest and performed either resistive vibration ...
Sinaki Mehrsheed - - 2010
The objective of exercise in the treatment of osteoporosis is to improve axial stability through improvement of muscle strength. Therefore, a back extension exercise program specific to one's musculoskeletal competence and pain can be performed in a sitting position and later advanced to the prone position. When fragility is resolved, ...
Morton Darren P - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of posture and body type on the experience of exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP). Postural and somatotype assessments were performed on 104 active males and 55 active females aged 18.6+/-0.4 years (mean+/-SD) and were correlated against their self-reported experience of ...
Haketa T - - 2010
Of the various conservative treatment modalities available for temporomandibular disorders, we believe that therapeutic exercise has a good prognosis, especially for anterior disc displacement without reduction. Since its effectiveness has not been extensively evaluated, we conducted a comparative study to verify the hypothesis that treatment efficacy would not differ for ...
Bernhardsson Susanne - - 2011
To evaluate the effect on pain intensity and function of an exercise concept focusing on specific eccentric strength training of the rotator cuff in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. Single-subject research design with baseline and treatment phases (AB design). Home-based training programme supervised and supported by visits to physiotherapy clinic. ...
Park Jin-Young - - 2010
The aim of this prospective randomized clinical trial was to investigate the efficacy of a home-based program of isometric strengthening exercises for the treatment of the lateral epicondylitis (LE) of the distal humerus. We hypothesized that 1) use of isometric strengthening exercises would result in clinical benefits similar to those ...
Shirado Osamu - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of home-based exercise on pain, dysfunction, and quality of life (QOL) in Japanese individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Exercise therapy is a widely used treatment for CLBP in many countries. The studies on ...
Schmid Annina B - - 2010
CONTEXT: Various studies report decreased muscle activation in the concavity of the curve in patients with scoliosis. Such decreased muscle-performance capacity could lead to sustained postural deficits. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether specific asymmetrical sports therapy exercises rather than symmetrical back strengthening can increase EMG amplitudes of paraspinal muscles in the ...
Nelson-Wong Erika - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) development has been associated with occupational standing. Increased hip and trunk muscle co-activation is considered to be predisposing for LBP development during standing in previously asymptomatic individuals. The purpose of this work was to investigate muscle activation and LBP responses to a prescribed exercise program. Pain-developing ...
Ferreira Manuela L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise programs may vary in terms of duration, frequency, and dosage; whether they are supervised; and whether they include a home-based program. Uncritical pooling of heterogeneous exercise trials may result in misleading conclusions regarding the effects of exercise on chronic low back pain (CLBP). PURPOSE: The purpose of this ...
Unsgaard-Tøndel Monica - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise benefits patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain; however, the most effective type of exercise remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study compared outcomes after motor control exercises, sling exercises, and general exercises for low back pain. DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial with a 1-year follow-up. SETTING: The ...
Cleland Joshua A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A clinical prediction rule (CPR) purported to identify patients with neck pain who are likely to respond to thoracic spine thrust manipulation has recently been developed, but has yet to be validated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of this CPR. DESIGN: This was ...
Tsai Yung-Shen - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study using a cross-sectional design. OBJECTIVES: To examine the kinematics and kinetics of the trunk and the physical characteristics of trunk and hip in golfers with and without a history of low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND: Modified swing patterns and general exercises have been suggested for ...
Smirmaul Bruno de Paula Caraça Bde - - 2012
Introduction The sense of effort is an essential component of all forms of exercise. Although extensively studied, exercise physiologists have failed to reach consensus about whether this sensation is based on afferent sensory feedback or is centrally generated and independent of such feedback. This confusion has led to misunderstandings regarding ...
Hart Joseph M - - 2010
A relationship between the muscles that stabilize the lumbar spine and the lower extremity exists that may result in neuromuscular and biomechanical changes during prolonged aerobic exercise in those with low back pain. Twenty recreationally active adults with healthy lower extremity joints, 7 with recurring episodes of low back pain ...
Goren Ahmet - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises alone and in combination with a single physical agent - ultrasound - in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, controlled trial. SETTING: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital. SUBJECTS: Forty-five patients presenting with symptoms of neurological claudication and ...
Umeda Masataka - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) in men and women, and whether different magnitudes of BP elevations induced by isometric exercise systematically influenced pain perception. Twenty-five men and 25 women performed isometric exercise at 25% MVC for 1-min, 3-min, and 5-min while BP and pain ...
Beattie Angela - - 2010
To outline professionals' experiences of participation, perceived benefits and acceptability of the interventions delivered in the ATEAM trial (Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage), for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. Qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted with a purposeful sample of twenty professionals (general practitioners (GPs), nurses, ...
Smith Caroline - - 2010
This paper summarizes evidence of long-term effectiveness of physiotherapy exercise therapy for chronic low back pain (LBP). A literature search was undertaken for experimental studies (2001-2007), which reported any post-intervention (follow-up) outcomes. Studies were critically appraised using the PEDro instrument. Comparative statistics were calculated, relative to the type of follow-up ...
Sharma Neena K - - 2010
Plantar fasciitis is a common and hard-to-treat disorder of the foot. Numerous studies have compared various stretching exercises, but the use of a day-wear static progressive stretch brace has not been studied. A randomized, single-blinded trial was conducted to compare the effectiveness of a static progressive stretch brace to standard ...
Ylinen Jari - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of three 12-month training programmes on headache and upper extremity pain in patients with chronic neck pain. METHODS: A total of 180 female office workers, with chronic, non-specific neck pain were randomly assigned to 3 groups. The strength group performed isometric, dynamic and stretching exercises. ...
Sharma Neena K - - 2010
Present literature and clinical practice provide strong support for the use of aerobic exercise in reducing pain and improving function for individuals with chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes. However, the molecular basis for the positive actions of exercise remains poorly understood. Recent studies suggest that neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) may act in an ...
Cook Dane B - - 2010
Since returning from the Persian Gulf, nearly 100,000 veterans of the first Gulf War (GVs) have reported numerous symptoms with no apparent medical explanation. A primary complaint of these individuals is chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). CMP symptoms in GVs are similar to those reported by patients with fibromyalgia (FM), but ...
Van Oosterwijck J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of the pain inhibitory systems in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) during two different types of exercise and to examine whether the (mal)functioning of pain inhibitory systems is associated with symptom increases following exercise. DESIGN: A controlled experimental study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Twenty-two ...
Hart Lawrence - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of supervised exercise therapy with usual care on self-reported recovery, pain, and function in persons with patellofemoral pain syndrome. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, unblinded, multicenter trial of 3 month's duration. Sample size was calculated with 80% power to show a minimum clinically important difference of 22% ...
Ma Chao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common causes of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Several methods have been recommended for the inactivation of trigger points (TrPs). We carried out this study to investigate the effectiveness of miniscalpel-needle (MSN) release and acupuncture needling and self neck-stretching exercises on myofascial ...
Franettovich Melinda - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare neuromuscular control ofthe lower limb during gait between individuals with and without a history of exercise-related leg pain (ERLP). METHODS: Fourteen females with a history of ERLP and 14 age-, height-, and weight-matched asymptomatic female controls participated in the study.Electromyographic activity, normalized to maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), ...
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