Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 966
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gallagher Robyn - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Eating and Exercise Lifestyle Program (HEELP) is a secondary risk factor intervention programme for people with heart disease and/or type 2 diabetes, which has proven benefits for weight loss and exercise. This secondary analysis evaluated the effects of HEELP on achieving recommended levels of exercise and the ...
Park Joon-Ki JK Division of Exercise and Health Science, Incheon National University, Incheon, - - 2013
Maternal isolation has been used as a valid animal model of early life stress, and it induces depression to offspring. Exercise ameliorates the incidence and severity of stress-related mood disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Here in this study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on brain neuronal excitation ...
Bernard Paquito - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is significantly more common among persons with major depressive disorders (MDDs). Furthermore, smokers with MDD report more difficulties when they quit smoking (greater withdrawal symptoms, higher probability of relapse). The aim of this narrative review is to describe research on exercise and depression and exercise and smoking cessation. ...
van der Heijden M M P - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Psychological problems are relatively common in people with type 2 diabetes. It is unclear whether exercise training exerts an effect on quality of life, symptoms of depression, symptoms of anxiety and emotional well-being in people with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic ...
Danielsson Louise - - 2013
Objective: To examine the quality of evidence for exercise in the treatment of major depression, comparing specific study types; aerobic exercise vs. antidepressants, aerobic exercise vs. any physical activity, and aerobic exercise as augmentation therapy to treatment as usual vs. treatment as usual. Methods: Electronic searches for randomized controlled studies, ...
Howarter Alisha D - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Cardiac rehabilitation is often recommended after experiencing a cardiac event and has been shown to significantly improve health outcomes among patients. Several psychosocial variables have been linked with cardiac rehabilitation program success, including exercise self-efficacy. However, little is known about temporal patterns in patients' exercise self-efficacy after program completion. ...
Josefsson T - - 2013
Previous meta-analyses investigating the effect of exercise on depression have included trials where the control condition has been categorized as placebo despite the fact that this particular placebo intervention (e.g., meditation, relaxation) has been recognized as having an antidepressant effect. Because meditation and mindfulness-based interventions are associated with depression reduction, ...
Asmundson Gordon J G - - 2013
Research over the past few decades has focused on the therapeutic effects of physical exercise among those affected by mood disorders. Only recently has attention turned to maladaptive and persistent expressions of anxiety, with a growing body of evidence indicating promise for exercise as an effective treatment for some of ...
Liu Weina - - 2013
Chronic stress is involved in development of depression and causes immune alterations. Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) plays a pivotal role in mediating the depression-like behaviors in response to immune activation. Physical exercise has been shown to reduce the stress impairment and ameliorate depressive symptoms. The objectives of present study were to confirm ...
Ikenouchi-Sugita Atsuko - - 2013
The effects of walking on mental health problems among healthy Japanese workers are not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a four-week walking program on the psychological functioning of a nonclinical sample of healthy workers in Japan.A total of 606 healthy subjects were enrolled in ...
Gerber Markus - - 2013
Occupational burnout is associated with severe negative health effects. While stress management programs proved to have a positive influence on the well-being of patients suffering from burnout, it remains unclear whether aerobic exercise alleviates burnout severity and other parameters related to occupational burnout. Therefore, the main purpose of this study ...
Payne Peter - - 2013
This review focuses on Meditative Movement (MM) and its effects on anxiety, depression, and other affective states. MM is a term identifying forms of exercise that use movement in conjunction with meditative attention to body sensations, including proprioception, interoception, and kinesthesis. MM includes the traditional Chinese methods of Qigong (Chi ...
SmiaƂek Jacek - - 2013
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is current the main approach to prevent sudden cardiac death. It was demonstrated that patients with ICD are characterised by worse quality of life (QOL) and exercise capacity and are prone to depressive symptoms. Thus, comprehensive rehabilitation is indicated in ICD recipients. To evaluate safety and ...
Zarshenas Sareh S Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of short-term aerobic exercise on depression symptoms and body image attitudes among Iranian women. In this quasiexperimental study, 82 females were assigned to experimental group (aerobic exercise group, n = 41) or control group (waiting list, n = 41) and ...
Hernandez Rosalba R Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2013
This study sought to evaluate the relationship between baseline depression and prospective engagement in walking and exercise behavior after enrollment in an exercise intervention. The study used baseline, 1-month, 12-month, and 24-month in-person interview and pedometer data collected from Latinos aged >60 years participating in an exercise intervention (¡Caminemos!) at ...
Cutrufello Paul T - - 2012
The increased risk of morbidity and mortality among adults and children with pre-existing cardiovascular or respiratory illness from emission-derived particulate matter (PM) is well documented. However, the detrimental effects of PM inhalation on the exercising, healthy population is still in question. This review will focus on the acute and chronic ...
Marzolini Susan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: . Cognitive benefits obtained from exercise in healthy populations support the idea that aerobic and resistance training (AT+RT) would confer benefit for poststroke recovery. However, there is little evidence regarding the effectiveness of such programs. OBJECTIVE: . To evaluate the effects of a 6-month exercise program of AT+RT on ...
Scheewe T W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this multicenter randomised clinical trial was to examine the effect of exercise versus occupational therapy on mental and physical health in schizophrenia patients. METHOD: Sixty-three patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to 2 h of structured exercise (n = 31) or occupational therapy (n = 32) weekly for 6 months. Symptoms (Positive ...
Carayol M - - 2012
BackgroundSeveral meta-analyses have examined the role of exercise interventions in improving psychological outcomes in cancer survivors but most did not focus on adjuvant therapy period and did not investigate the optimal dose of exercise needed. The present meta-analysis examines the impact of exercise interventions delivered at this particular period on ...
Mazzeschi Claudia - - 2012
Context:There is scarce knowledge of the interaction between depression/health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and lifestyle intervention in obesity.Objective:The aim of the study was to establish whether baseline mood status or HRQOL affects attendance to educational or exercise sessions and whether attendance to these two components of the intervention affects mood ...
Mata Jutta - - 2012
Identifying factors that may protect individuals from developing Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in the face of stress is critical. In the current study we experimentally tested whether such a potentially protective factor, engaging in acute exercise, reduces the adverse effects of repeated sad mood inductions in individuals who have recovered ...
Hashim Hairul A - - 2012
The current study was undertaken to examine the associations between self-determination, exercise habit, anxiety, depression, stress, and academic achievement among adolescents aged 13 and 14 years in eastern Malaysia. The sample consisted of 750 secondary school students (mean age = 13.4 years, SD = 0.49). Participants completed self-report measures of ...
Flo Gayle L - - 2012
Performing exercise tests in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) presents specific challenges because of susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias during maximal levels of exertion. The purpose of this paper is to outline the exercise testing protocol from the Anti-Arrhythmic Effects of Exercise after an ICD trial and to report ...
Talakoub Sedigheh - - 2012
Adolescent is a time of profound biologic, intellectual, psychological, and socioeconomic change that they will face a crisis. Therefore, compatibility may be exposed to many hazards, such as depression, anxiety, and other emotional problems. Nevertheless, a planned regular exercise enhances physical and mental health of adolescent female with diabetes. The ...
Vina J - - 2012
The beneficial effects of regular exercise for the promotion of health and cure of diseases have been clearly shown. In this review, we would like to postulate the idea that exercise can be considered as a drug. Exercise causes a myriad of beneficial effects for health, including the promotion of ...
Pang Terence Y C - - 2013
This review will provide an overview of the non-drug based approaches that have been demonstrated to enhance cognitive function of the compromised brain, primarily focussed on the two most widely adopted paradigms of environmental enrichment and enhanced physical exercise. Environmental enrichment involves the generation of novelty and complexity in animal ...
Buford Thomas W - - 2012
To assess the association between angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEis) and improvements in the physical function of older adults in response to chronic exercise training. Secondary analysis of the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P) study, a multisite randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effects of chronic exercise ...
Mongrain Myriam M York - - 2012
The current work replicated a landmark study conducted by Seligman and colleagues (2005) that demonstrated the long-term benefits of positive psychology exercises (PPEs). In the original study, two exercises administered over 1 week ("Three Good Things" and "Using your Signature Strengths in a New Way") were found to have long-lasting ...
Poussel Mathias - - 2012
To emphasize the potentially harmful effects of high-intensity exercise on cardiac health and the fine line between physiologic and pathologic adaptation to chronic exercise in the elite athlete. This case also highlights the crucial need for regular evaluation of symptoms that suggest cardiac abnormality in athletes. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) ...
Renoir Thibault - - 2012
Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder in Huntington's disease (HD) patients. Women are more prone to develop depression and such susceptibility might be related to 5-hydroxytryptaminergic (serotonergic) dysregulation. We performed tests of depression-related behaviours on female R6/1 HD mice that had been chronically treated with sertraline or provided with ...
Kruidenier L M - - 2012
The objective of the study was to provide an overview of the most common treatments for intermittent claudication and to determine the effectiveness in improving walking distance and quality of life based on a combination of direct and indirect evidence. We included trials that compared: angioplasty, surgery, exercise therapy or ...
Sanchez Anthony M J - - 2012
This study aimed to clarify the controversial effects of acute and short-term salbutamol (SAL) intake on sprint performance in healthy athletes. Based on the results of previous studies, an anabolic effect for the short-term treatment and increased glycolysis in both treatments were hypothesized. Eight male recreational athletes completed force-velocity exercise ...
Byrne Shannon - - 2012
Pre-treatment diet and exercise self-efficacies can predict weight loss success. Changes in diet self-efficacy across treatment appear to be even stronger predictors than baseline levels, but research on changes in exercise self-efficacy is lacking. Using data from a pilot study evaluating tangible reinforcement for weight loss (N=30), we examined the ...
Chou Fang-Yu - - 2012
Purpose/Objectives: To compare changes in frequency, duration, and intensity of exercise behaviors over time in women with breast cancer between those who started their exercise intervention at the beginning of chemotherapy (EE) and those who started at the completion of chemotherapy (CE).Design: A secondary data analysis of a randomized, controlled ...
Krogh Jesper - - 2012
The effect of referring patients from a clinical setting to a pragmatic exercise intervention for depressive symptoms, cognitive function, and metabolic variables has yet to be determined. Outpatients with major depression (DSM-IV) were allocated to supervised aerobic or stretching exercise groups during a three months period. The primary outcome was ...
Terrill Jessica R - - 2011
Oxidative stress is implicated as a factor that increases necrosis of skeletal muscles in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) and the dystrophic mdx mouse. Consequently, drugs that minimize oxidative stress are potential treatments for muscular dystrophy. This study examined the in vivo benefits to mdx mice of an antioxidant treatment with ...
Wang Zhonghua - - 2012
This study was to determine whether combination of the angiotensin II AT1 receptor blocker (ARB), candesartan cilexetil, and exercise training can prevent the development of high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance. F344/NSlc rats were fed normal chow diet or high-fat (HF) diet for 7 weeks. The HF-fed rats were either administered candesartan ...
García-Mesa Yoelvis - - 2011
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating age-related neurodegenerative disease with no specific treatment at present. Several healthy lifestyle options and over-the-counter drugs that it has been suggested delay the onset of the disease are in an experimental phase, but it is unclear whether they will have any therapeutic value against ...
Wouters Constantijn W - - 2011
Aim: Statins can induce pharmacologic preconditioning and thereby reduce infarct size. Cellular phosphatidylserine (PS) exposition occurs in the course of ischaemia and reperfusion and has been associated with injury. In this experiment we studied the effect of atorvastatin on PS exposition after a standardised ischaemia and reperfusion challenge.Methods: In a ...
Urdampilleta Aritz - - 2011
Obesity is an important public health problem worldwide and is a major risk factor for a number of chronic diseases such as type II diabetes, adverse cardiovascular events and metabolic syndrome-related features. Different treatments have been applied to tackle body fat accumulation and its associated clinical manifestations. Often, relevant weight ...
Hayward Reid - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors are at greater risk of cardiovascular complications once they reach adulthood. Anthracyclines may be a major contributor to these delayed-onset complications, yet their use continues because of favorable clinical outcomes. Exercise has been shown to protect against anthracycline cardiotoxicity, yet it is unclear whether exercise can ...
Ferrantino Matthew - - 2011
Inhaled treprostinil sodium, a prostacyclin analog, is the most recent agent to receive FDA approval for the treatment of a fatal orphan disease: pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This article first reviews the data supporting the use of infusion prostacyclin and treprostinil as treatments for PAH. The authors then review inhaled ...
Lukban James Chivian - - 2012
Stress urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition in women with a significant negative effect on quality of life. Intervention includes behavioral modification, intravaginal devices, pelvic floor muscle exercises, biofeedback, functional electrical stimulation, and surgical procedures. We will review a new in-office procedure for the treatment of SUI that may serve ...
Standaert Christopher J - - 2011
Systematic review. We sought to answer the following clinical questions: (1) Is structured exercise more effective in the treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP) than spinal manipulative therapy (SMT)? (2) Is structured exercise more effective in the treatment of chronic LBP than acupuncture? (3) Is SMT more effective in ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2011
Demonstrating the treatment fidelity of an intervention is a key methodological requirement of any trial testing the impact of the intervention. The purpose of this report was to serve as a model for evaluating treatment fidelity in stroke exercise intervention studies and to provide evidence for treatment fidelity in the ...
van Koulil S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Patients with fibromyalgia have diminished levels of physical fitness, which may lead to functional disability and exacerbating complaints. Multidisciplinary treatment comprising cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and exercise training has been shown to be effective in improving physical fitness. However, due to the high drop-out rates and large variability in patients' ...
Hubal Monica J - - 2011
Introduction: Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, or statins, are widely used drugs for hyperlipidemia and are generally well-tolerated, but the can produce skeletal muscle toxicity. The molecular mechanisms driving statin myopathy are unknown. We investigated the effects of statin treatment and eccentric (damaging) exercise on transcriptional patterns between statin myopathy ...
Calis H T - - 2011
Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is the most common reason for shoulder pain. Ultrasound and laser are the physical therapy modalities, in conservative treatment of SIS. The aim of this study was to define and compare the efficacy of ultrasound, laser and exercise in the treatment of SIS. This was a ...
Karvinen Kristina H - - 2011
Purpose/Objectives: To explore exercise programming and counseling preferences and exercise-related beliefs in breast cancer survivors during and after radiation therapy, and to compare differences based on treatment and insurance status.Design: Cross-sectional survey.Setting: Ambulatory cancer center in a rural community in eastern North Carolina.Sample: 91 breast cancer survivors during or after ...
Ackel-D'Elia Carolina - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 2-month exercise training associated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on the subjective and objective sleep measurements, quality of life, and mood in moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients. METHODS: Male patients were ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >