Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 966
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Deltombe T - - 2001
To determine the protective effect of gel padded glove on median nerve compression in the carpal tunnel. Median nerve conduction parameters, skin temperature, laser Doppler flowmetry and pain modifications were measured during and after a 30-min carpal tunnel external compression protocol performed with and without glove in a random order ...
Hester J T - - 2001
The patient presenting with complaints of chronic exercise-induced lower leg pain can be a diagnostic challenge. Although myriad specialized diagnostic studies and modalities are at one's disposal, emphasis on a logical history and physical usually can identify the underlying cause without exposing the patient to any unnecessary testing. A well-directed ...
Bronfort G - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, parallel-group, single-blinded clinical trial was performed. After a 1-week baseline period, patients were randomized to 11 weeks of therapy, with posttreatment follow-up assessment 3, 6, and 12 months later. OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative efficacy of rehabilitative neck exercise and spinal manipulation for the management of ...
Moroz A - - 2001
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) or complex regional pain syndrome type 1, is characterized by spontaneous pain or allodynia and hyperalgesia disproportionate to the inciting event, multiperipheral nerve involvement, edema, vasomotor or sudomotor change, and possible loss of function. It has been described in relation to various insults, including a number ...
Sculco A D - - 2001
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Aerobic exercise (AE) has been prescribed to improve fitness and well-being in apparently healthy individuals and cardiac, orthopedic, and other patient populations. AE has not previously been studied as a sole treatment for low back pain patients (LBPP). PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effects of low to moderate ...
Cannell L J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the therapeutic effect of two different exercise protocols in athletes with jumper's knee. METHODS: Randomised clinical trial comparing a 12 week programme of either drop squat exercises or leg extension/leg curl exercises. Measurement was performed at baseline and after six and 12 weeks. Primary outcome measures were ...
Lee P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine various factors associated with low back pain (LBP) in an industrial setting. METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out among 1,562 employees of a large utilities corporation in Ontario using a self-administered questionnaire. Abdominal muscle strength was measured using a modified sphygmomanometer. Statistical analysis was carried ...
Willén C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the specific effects of general dynamic water exercise in individuals with late effects of poliomyelitis. DESIGN: Before-after tests. SETTING: A university hospital department. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight individuals with late effects of polio, 15 assigned to the training group (TG) and 13 to the control group (CG). INTERVENTION: The ...
Green S - - 2000
Changes in the concentration of interstitial K+ surrounding skeletal muscle fibres ([K+]I) probably play some role in the regulation of cardiovascular adjustments to muscular activity, as well as in the aetiology of muscle pain and fatigue during high-intensity exercise. However, there is very little information on the response of [K+]I ...
Mens J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Exercises for low back and pelvic pain are supposed to increase muscle force to reduce symptoms, but they could exacerbate symptoms by loading of the spinal and pelvic structures. The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of graded exercises of the diagonal trunk muscle ...
van der Velde G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of 6 weeks of exercise on aerobic capacity and on measures of pain and disability in patients with chronic low-back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Retrospective chart survey. SETTING: A fitness facility in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. PATIENTS: Patients with chronic LBP with an average duration of pain of ...
Cook D B - - 2000
The purpose of this experiment was to examine the effects of the endogenous opioid system on forearm muscle pain and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during dynamic fatiguing exercise. Twelve college-age men (24 +/- 4 yr) performed graded (1-min stages; 30 contractions/min) handgrip to fatigue 1 h after the ingestion ...
Uhrin Z - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although exercise is a commonly recommended treatment for ankylosing spondylitis (AS), little is known about the effectiveness of unsupervised recreational and back exercises. We examined the effects of recreational exercise and back exercises on patient-reported pain severity, stiffness severity, and functional disability in a prospective longitudinal study of 220 ...
Baker K - - 2000
Adverse outcomes in knee osteoarthritis include pain, loss of function, and disability. These outcomes can have devastating effects on the quality of life of those suffering from the disease. Treatments have generally targeted pain, assuming that disability would improve as a direct result of improvements in pain. However, there is ...
Kamel M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of plantar fasciitis and changes in plantar fascia following ultrasound guided local steroid injection. METHODS: Twenty patients with a clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis and 20 healthy subjects were studied prospectively. Ultrasound examination was performed using an ATL Apogee 800 ...
Witvrouw E - - 2000
The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of open versus closed kinetic chain exercises in the nonoperative management of patellofemoral pain. Sixty patients were randomized into a 5-week program that consisted of only closed kinetic chain exercises or only open kinetic chain exercises. Muscle characteristics, subjective ...
Mayer T G - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To describe a method for observing lumbar segmental rigidity and to show how motion measurements and pain/disability questionnaires can be used to evaluate outcomes of combined facet injections and stretching exercises. DESIGN: Preliminary 2-part study: (1) presentation of a technique for, identifying lumbar segmental rigidity based on physical observation ...
Petrella R J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This 8 week randomized, double blind clinical trial compared the effect of a combined home based progressive exercise program and treatment with the nonsteroidal medication oxaprozin to treatment with oxaprozin alone on pain and physical functioning in older community dwelling patients with unilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Efficacy variables ...
Nielens H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiorespiratory fitness and perceived exertion of female patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) compared with that of healthy female subjects. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: This was designed as a cross-sectional case-control study, with a consecutive sample of 30 female patients with FMS ...
Sauerbier M - - 2000
Thirty-six patients with stage II or III SNAC and SLAC wrists were treated by midcarpal arthrodesis and complete scaphoid excision. When assessed at a mean follow-up of 25 months, pain was significantly reduced both under resting and stress conditions. The active range of motion was 54% of the contralateral wrist ...
Taimela S - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: An observational follow-up. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the role of physical exercise and inactivity on the long-term outcome after active outpatient low back rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is considerable evidence documenting the efficacy of exercise in the conservative treatment of chronic low back pain, but the role ...
Fleming S M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Assessment of non-cardiac chest pain places a considerable burden on healthcare resources. The current practice of serial electrocardiographs (ECGs), serum creatinine phosphokinase and by pre-discharge exercise electrocardiography gives an average in-hospital stay of 3.7 days. AIMS: This study assess the use of a sensitive assay for cardiac troponin I ...
Sugano A - - 2000
Land stretching exercises are common exercise therapy for low back pain (LBP) patients. However, recently, water exercise became a popular rehabilitation for LBP patients, and many studies have reported the physical benefits of water exercise. This study compared the psychological and endocrinological effects of water exercise and land stretching by ...
Möller H - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized study was performed. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether posterolateral fusion in patients with adult isthmic spondylolisthesis results in an improved outcome compared with an exercise program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In spondylolisthesis, satisfactory results have been reported with both surgical and conservative management. The evidence for ...
Dolan P - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled trial of exercise therapy in patients who underwent microdiscectomy for prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc. Results of a pilot study are presented. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a postoperative exercise program on pain, disability, psychological status, and spinal function. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Microdiscectomy ...
Krause M - - 2000
Despite the widespread use of traction, little is known of the mode of effect, and application remains largely anecdotal. The efficacy of traction is also unclear because of generally poor design of the clinical trials to date, and because subgroups of patients most likely to benefit have not been specifically ...
Taimela S - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized comparative study with single-blind outcome assessments. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of a multimodal treatment emphasizing proprioceptive training (ACTIVE) with activated home exercises (HOME) and recommendation of exercise (CONTROL) in patients with nonspecific chronic neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The efficacy of active exercises and ...
Nicolakis P - - 2000
The purpose of this research was to show that a relationship between craniomandibular disorders (CMD) and postural abnormalities has been repeatedly postulated, but still remains unproven. This study was intended to test this hypothesis. Twenty-five CMD patients (mean age 28.2 years) were compared with 25 gender and age matched controls ...
Jameson C - - 2000
There is evidence to suggest that perception of exertion during exercise is based on both local and central sensations. The aim of the present experiment was to determine the relative contributions of different sensations to overall perceived exertion during cycling. Eighteen trained cyclists pedalled on a cycle ergometer for 4 ...
Kuukkanen T M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To describe postural sway and its associations to background factors, low back pain and functional capacity. To evaluate the changes in postural sway after three months of therapeutic exercise in the gym or at home. DESIGN: A one-year randomized experimental trial evaluated postural sway in three study groups: intensive ...
Sanya A O - - 2000
This clinical study compared the efficacy of faradic stimulation and active mobilization exercises in the physical management of patients with post-surgical immobilization of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) resulting in hypomobility of the joint. Eight volunteer dental patients with post-surgical immobilization TMJ hypomobility at the University College Hospital (U.C.H.), Ibadan, Nigeria ...
Hartigan C - - 2000
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine exercise compliance in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) after participation in an intensive spine rehabilitation program. METHODS: Exercise behaviors in 122 consecutive subjects with CLBP who completed a program of quota based exercise were examined. Frequency per week of ...
Balfour J A - - 2000
Alosetron is a potent and highly selective serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist which has been evaluated for the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It blocked the fast 5HT3-mediated depolarisation of guinea-pig myenteric and submucosal neurons in vitro, with half-maximal inhibition at approximately 55 nmol/L. Alosetron attenuated the visceral nociceptive effect ...
Kim J H - - 2000
Plain acupuncture uses manipulation (rotation or varying the depth of insertion of the needle) to increase its effect. However, in commonly used electroacupunture (EA), variable manipulations have not been used. This study was performed to investigate the possibility of an increase in analgesic effect by adding manipulation to EA. The ...
Jull G A - - 2000
Recent research into muscle dysfunction in patients with low back pain has led to discoveries of impairments in deep muscles of the trunk and back. These muscles have a functional role in enhancing spinal segmental support and control. The muscle impairments are not those of strength but rather problems in ...
Koltyn K F - - 2000
Over the past 20 years a number of studies have examined whether analgesia occurs following exercise. Exercise involving running and cycling have been examined most often in human research, with swimming examined most often in animal research. Pain thresholds and pain tolerances have been found to increase following exercise. In ...
Kuukkanen T - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spinal and muscle flexibility have been studied intensively and used clinically as outcome measurements in the rehabilitation of subjects with low back pain. The results of previous studies are contradictory and there is a lack of longitudinal data on the effects of long term therapeutic exercise on ...
Arima T - - 2000
AIMS: Strong jaw muscle exercises such as tooth grinding in sleep bruxism are frequently believed to be a predisposing factor in myogenous types of temporomandibular disorders. However, it is not known whether tooth grinding in sleep bruxism is associated with increased sensitivity to intramuscular stimuli. This study therefore compared the ...
Kay Sandra - - 2000
This study investigated whether passive mobilisation added to the effectiveness of an advice and exercise regimen for patients following distal radial fractures. Thirty-nine patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups. Patients in the first group received advice and exercises; patients in the second group also received a six-week ...
Røe C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pain reduction induced by supervised exercises over several months results in increased maximal force and muscle activation. DESIGN: Before-after trial. PARTICIPANTS: Ten patients with unilateral rotator tendinosis and more than 3 months' duration of pain. INTERVENTION: Supervised exercises for 3 to 6 months. OUTCOME MEASURES: Maximal ...
Vautravers P - - 2000
Cervical manipulations can cause severe neurologic complications, which are both exceedingly rare and generally unpredictable. To meet the requirements of the principles of prevention and precaution, we believe the number of cervical manipulations should be reduced. To this end, we suggest that five recommendations developed by consensus be followed: unwanted ...
Meiworm L - - 2000
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder characterised by diffuse widespread musculoskeletal aching and stiffness and multiple tender points [1]. Its pathophysiology is poorly understood. The influence of aerobic endurance exercise on pain in patients with FM was investigated. Twenty-seven patients (25 female, 2 male) participated in a controlled clinical study and ...
Sporrong H - - 1999
It is recognised that work related shoulder pain is overrepresented among construction workers compared to other occupations. Studies have shown that working with hands above shoulder level increases the shoulder load. Most studies have been confined to the laboratory. The present project was carried out to map the muscular engagement ...
De Pascalis V - - 1999
In this study, pain perception, somatosensory event-related potential (SERP) and skin conductance response (SCR) changes during hypnotic suggestions of Deep Relaxation, Dissociated Imagery, Focused Analgesia, and Placebo, compared with a Waking baseline condition, were investigated. SERPs were recorded from frontal, temporal, central, and parietal scalp sites. Ten high, 9 mid, ...
Schissel D J - - 1999
Effort-related chronic compartment syndrome (ERCCS) of the lower extremity is often misdiagnosed, requiring repeated visits to the physician and subsequent delay in definitive treatment. The most significant causes of chronic leg pain in physically active individuals are stress fractures, shin splints, and "exercise-induced" or effort-related chronic compartment syndrome. In patients ...
Ishøy T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Multiple symptoms have been reported in American Gulf War Veterans including headache, fatigue, impaired short-term memory, sleep disturbances, agitation, respiratory symptoms, muscle and joint pain, diseases of the skin, and intermittent fever. The Danish Gulf War Study was performed to clarify if a corresponding pattern existed among Danes having ...
McLain K - - 1999
There are a variety of protocols used to treat acute low back pain in adults. Therapies currently prescribed include bed rest, normal activity, and exercise therapy. The effectiveness of each of these treatments is controversial. The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy with normal ...
Sherry D D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To report the initial and long-term outcome after an intensive exercise therapy program for childhood complex regional pain syndrome, type I (CRPS). DESIGN: Prospective follow-up. SETTING: A children's hospital. SUBJECTS: We followed 103 children (87 girls; mean age = 13.0 years) with CRPS. Forty-nine subjects were followed for more ...
Helewa A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of abdominal muscle strengthening exercise on low back pain (LBP) risk reduction. METHODS: We compared the effects of abdominal muscle strength (AMS) exercise and back education with back education only on 402 asymptomatic subjects with weak AMS. The primary outcome was the percentage of subjects ...
Plamondon A - - 1999
This study investigated the level of resistance and the level of muscle activation of the prone back exercise. Fifteen male subjects with no previous history of low back injury performed two repetitions of seven exercises. These consisted of four maximal isometric voluntary contractions (MVC) and three prone back extension (PBE) ...
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