Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 989
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Staal J Bart - - 2002
Low back pain is a major medical and social problem associated with disability, work absenteeism and high costs. Given the impact of the problem, there is a need for effective treatment interventions in occupational healthcare that aim at the prevention of chronic disability and the realisation of return to work. ...
Koltyn Kelli F - - 2002
Pain sensitivity has been found to be altered following exercise. A number of investigators have found diminished sensitivity to pain (hypoalgesia) during and following exercise. However, currently it is unknown whether there is a specific intensity of exercise that is required to produce this hypoalgesia response. Aerobic exercise, such as ...
Sun K O - - 2001
This randomised controlled trial was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for frozen shoulder. Thirty-five patients with a diagnosis of frozen shoulder were randomly allocated to an exercise group or an exercise plus acupuncture group and treated for a period of 6 weeks. Functional mobility, power, ...
Mior S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to determine how effective exercise is in the treatment of chronic pain. METHODOLOGY: The literature search identified three systematic reviews and three randomized controlled trials addressing the effectiveness of exercise for the management of chronic low back pain, one systematic review and one ...
Vierck C J CJ - - 2001
Exercise activates endogenous opioid and adrenergic systems, but attenuation of experimental pain by exercise has not been shown consistently. In this study, effects of exercise on temporal summation of late pain responses to stimulation of unmyelinated (C) nociceptors were assessed. When a preheated thermode was applied repetitively to glabrous skin ...
Souza G M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the electromyographic activity of the trunk flexors and extensors during 2 spine stabilization exercises and to evaluate the changes in muscle activity with increasing levels of exercise difficulty. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve healthy subjects without history of lower back pain. INTERVENTION: Subjects were ...
Rodacki C L - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sitting and standing postures on the repeatability of a stadiometer designed to detect small variations in spinal length. Two groups of ten healthy subjects, with no previous or known history of back problems, participated in this study. One group ...
Tritilanunt T - - 2001
Low back pain is one of the most common and important musculoskeletal disorders. In addition, chronic low back pain can deteriorate the patient's physical, psychosocial and socioeconomic status. The objective of this quasi-experimental research was to assess the efficacy of an aerobic exercise and health education program in the treatment ...
Bajaj P - - 2001
The aim of the study was to examine the time course of changes in pressure pain threshold (PPT), visual analogue scale (VAS) pain and tenderness scores, McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) descriptors, pain areas, skin temperature and mean arterial pressure (MAP) following intensive eccentric exercise. In 11 healthy male subjects, eccentric ...
Glaser J A - - 2001
A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed to investigate the efficacy of electrical muscle stimulation when combined with a therapist-guided, standardized exercise therapy program in the treatment of nonacute low back pain. Eighty patients with low back pain of at least 6 weeks' duration were randomized into the ...
Colloca C J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating posteroanterior (PA) forces in spinal stiffness assessment have shown relationships to spinal level, body type, and lumbar extensor muscle activity. Such measures may be important determinants in discriminating between patients who are asymptomatic and those who have low back pain. However, little objective evidence is available concerning ...
Halpern M - - 2001
A taxonomy of functional assessment constructs was developed to help the Social Security Administration refine the measurements of work disability. This report addresses content validity of the new taxonomy by examining the relevance of its constructs to a specific disability, and by examining the relationship between these constructs and constructs ...
Al-Obaidi S - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Repetitive exercises of the type recommended by McKenzie for the lumbar spine, such as flexion and extension exercises in standing (FIS and EIS) and lying positions (FIL and EIL), have been used in the management of low back pain for over 20 years. The cardiovascular effects of ...
Chronik B A - - 2001
Gradient coil magnetostimulation thresholds were measured in a group of 20 volunteers in both a whole-body gradient coil and a head/neck gradient coil. Both coils were operated using both x and y axes simultaneously (xy oblique mode). The waveform applied was a 64-lobe trapezoidal train with 1-ms flat-tops and varying ...
Juncher D - - 2001
The physiological condition of the live animal was found to significantly affect colour, lipid oxidation and water holding capacity of chill stored pork chops (M. Longissimus dorsi) in a study, where various pre-slaughter conditions were achieved by the following four treatments: (A) control; (B) subjected to treadmill exercise immediately prior ...
Drezner J A - - 2001
Exercise is an important part of treating and preventing back pain. Your doctor will show you which exercises are right for you and tell you how often, how long, and in what order you should do them. Often, relief for back pain is a goal that can only be achieved ...
Oldervoll L M LM Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim. - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of increased aerobic capacity versus muscle strength rehabilitation of female hospital staff with long-lasting musculoskeletal back pain. Seventy-nine women agreed to participate in the intervention study. After a medical examination, 65 individuals were assigned to one of three balanced ...
Hides J A - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial with 1-year and 3-year telephone questionnaire follow-ups. OBJECTIVE: To report a specific exercise intervention's long-term effects on recurrence rates in acute, first-episode low back pain patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The pain and disability associated with an initial episode of acute low back pain ...
Mclean L - - 2001
Microbreaks are scheduled rest breaks taken to prevent the onset or progression of cumulative trauma disorders in the computerized workstation environment. The authors examined the benefit of microbreaks by investigating myoelectric signal (MES) behavior, perceived discomfort, and worker productivity while individuals performed their usual keying work. Participants were randomly assigned ...
Thorpe D M - - 2001
Constipation is an expected side effect of opioid use and as such should be treated prophylactically. However, because it is often overlooked and under-appreciated it is one of the most common reasons patients avoid or abandon opioid use and, as a result, suffer pain needlessly. Thorough assessment, ongoing evaluation, and ...
Nelson F A - - 2001
Evidence for a relationship between melatonin, nociception, and analgesia in humans is based on data that are only linked by association and simultaneous occurrence. Studies have reported inverse correlation of the circadian melatonin rhythm with nociception latency and enhancement of opioid analgesia by simultaneous administration of melatonin in animals. This ...
Clark S R - - 2001
Although exercise in the form of stretching, strength maintenance, and aerobic conditioning is generally considered beneficial to patients with fibromyalgia (FM), there is no reliable evidence to explain why exercise should help alleviate the primary symptom of FM, namely pain. Study results are varied and do not provide a uniform ...
Puniello M S - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: Ninety-six subjects underwent biomechanical analysis of freestyle box lifting. OBJECTIVES: To relate lifting strategy to lower extremity muscle strength and postural stability in functionally limited elders. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Back pain and postural instability in elders is rampant and poorly understood. Much of the literature on lifting ...
Deltombe T - - 2001
To determine the protective effect of gel padded glove on median nerve compression in the carpal tunnel. Median nerve conduction parameters, skin temperature, laser Doppler flowmetry and pain modifications were measured during and after a 30-min carpal tunnel external compression protocol performed with and without glove in a random order ...
Hester J T - - 2001
The patient presenting with complaints of chronic exercise-induced lower leg pain can be a diagnostic challenge. Although myriad specialized diagnostic studies and modalities are at one's disposal, emphasis on a logical history and physical usually can identify the underlying cause without exposing the patient to any unnecessary testing. A well-directed ...
Bronfort G - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, parallel-group, single-blinded clinical trial was performed. After a 1-week baseline period, patients were randomized to 11 weeks of therapy, with posttreatment follow-up assessment 3, 6, and 12 months later. OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative efficacy of rehabilitative neck exercise and spinal manipulation for the management of ...
Moroz A - - 2001
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) or complex regional pain syndrome type 1, is characterized by spontaneous pain or allodynia and hyperalgesia disproportionate to the inciting event, multiperipheral nerve involvement, edema, vasomotor or sudomotor change, and possible loss of function. It has been described in relation to various insults, including a number ...
Sculco A D - - 2001
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Aerobic exercise (AE) has been prescribed to improve fitness and well-being in apparently healthy individuals and cardiac, orthopedic, and other patient populations. AE has not previously been studied as a sole treatment for low back pain patients (LBPP). PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effects of low to moderate ...
Cannell L J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the therapeutic effect of two different exercise protocols in athletes with jumper's knee. METHODS: Randomised clinical trial comparing a 12 week programme of either drop squat exercises or leg extension/leg curl exercises. Measurement was performed at baseline and after six and 12 weeks. Primary outcome measures were ...
Lee P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine various factors associated with low back pain (LBP) in an industrial setting. METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out among 1,562 employees of a large utilities corporation in Ontario using a self-administered questionnaire. Abdominal muscle strength was measured using a modified sphygmomanometer. Statistical analysis was carried ...
Willén C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the specific effects of general dynamic water exercise in individuals with late effects of poliomyelitis. DESIGN: Before-after tests. SETTING: A university hospital department. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight individuals with late effects of polio, 15 assigned to the training group (TG) and 13 to the control group (CG). INTERVENTION: The ...
Green S - - 2000
Changes in the concentration of interstitial K+ surrounding skeletal muscle fibres ([K+]I) probably play some role in the regulation of cardiovascular adjustments to muscular activity, as well as in the aetiology of muscle pain and fatigue during high-intensity exercise. However, there is very little information on the response of [K+]I ...
Mens J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Exercises for low back and pelvic pain are supposed to increase muscle force to reduce symptoms, but they could exacerbate symptoms by loading of the spinal and pelvic structures. The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of graded exercises of the diagonal trunk muscle ...
van der Velde G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of 6 weeks of exercise on aerobic capacity and on measures of pain and disability in patients with chronic low-back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Retrospective chart survey. SETTING: A fitness facility in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. PATIENTS: Patients with chronic LBP with an average duration of pain of ...
Cook D B - - 2000
The purpose of this experiment was to examine the effects of the endogenous opioid system on forearm muscle pain and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during dynamic fatiguing exercise. Twelve college-age men (24 +/- 4 yr) performed graded (1-min stages; 30 contractions/min) handgrip to fatigue 1 h after the ingestion ...
Uhrin Z - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although exercise is a commonly recommended treatment for ankylosing spondylitis (AS), little is known about the effectiveness of unsupervised recreational and back exercises. We examined the effects of recreational exercise and back exercises on patient-reported pain severity, stiffness severity, and functional disability in a prospective longitudinal study of 220 ...
Baker K - - 2000
Adverse outcomes in knee osteoarthritis include pain, loss of function, and disability. These outcomes can have devastating effects on the quality of life of those suffering from the disease. Treatments have generally targeted pain, assuming that disability would improve as a direct result of improvements in pain. However, there is ...
Kamel M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of plantar fasciitis and changes in plantar fascia following ultrasound guided local steroid injection. METHODS: Twenty patients with a clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis and 20 healthy subjects were studied prospectively. Ultrasound examination was performed using an ATL Apogee 800 ...
Witvrouw E - - 2000
The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of open versus closed kinetic chain exercises in the nonoperative management of patellofemoral pain. Sixty patients were randomized into a 5-week program that consisted of only closed kinetic chain exercises or only open kinetic chain exercises. Muscle characteristics, subjective ...
Mayer T G - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To describe a method for observing lumbar segmental rigidity and to show how motion measurements and pain/disability questionnaires can be used to evaluate outcomes of combined facet injections and stretching exercises. DESIGN: Preliminary 2-part study: (1) presentation of a technique for, identifying lumbar segmental rigidity based on physical observation ...
Petrella R J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This 8 week randomized, double blind clinical trial compared the effect of a combined home based progressive exercise program and treatment with the nonsteroidal medication oxaprozin to treatment with oxaprozin alone on pain and physical functioning in older community dwelling patients with unilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Efficacy variables ...
Nielens H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiorespiratory fitness and perceived exertion of female patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) compared with that of healthy female subjects. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: This was designed as a cross-sectional case-control study, with a consecutive sample of 30 female patients with FMS ...
Sauerbier M - - 2000
Thirty-six patients with stage II or III SNAC and SLAC wrists were treated by midcarpal arthrodesis and complete scaphoid excision. When assessed at a mean follow-up of 25 months, pain was significantly reduced both under resting and stress conditions. The active range of motion was 54% of the contralateral wrist ...
Taimela S - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: An observational follow-up. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the role of physical exercise and inactivity on the long-term outcome after active outpatient low back rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is considerable evidence documenting the efficacy of exercise in the conservative treatment of chronic low back pain, but the role ...
Fleming S M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Assessment of non-cardiac chest pain places a considerable burden on healthcare resources. The current practice of serial electrocardiographs (ECGs), serum creatinine phosphokinase and by pre-discharge exercise electrocardiography gives an average in-hospital stay of 3.7 days. AIMS: This study assess the use of a sensitive assay for cardiac troponin I ...
Sugano A - - 2000
Land stretching exercises are common exercise therapy for low back pain (LBP) patients. However, recently, water exercise became a popular rehabilitation for LBP patients, and many studies have reported the physical benefits of water exercise. This study compared the psychological and endocrinological effects of water exercise and land stretching by ...
Möller H - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized study was performed. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether posterolateral fusion in patients with adult isthmic spondylolisthesis results in an improved outcome compared with an exercise program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In spondylolisthesis, satisfactory results have been reported with both surgical and conservative management. The evidence for ...
Dolan P - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled trial of exercise therapy in patients who underwent microdiscectomy for prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc. Results of a pilot study are presented. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a postoperative exercise program on pain, disability, psychological status, and spinal function. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Microdiscectomy ...
Krause M - - 2000
Despite the widespread use of traction, little is known of the mode of effect, and application remains largely anecdotal. The efficacy of traction is also unclear because of generally poor design of the clinical trials to date, and because subgroups of patients most likely to benefit have not been specifically ...
Taimela S - - 2000
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized comparative study with single-blind outcome assessments. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of a multimodal treatment emphasizing proprioceptive training (ACTIVE) with activated home exercises (HOME) and recommendation of exercise (CONTROL) in patients with nonspecific chronic neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The efficacy of active exercises and ...
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