Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 966
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Cardinale M - - 2003
The effects of whole body vibration (WBV) have been studied extensively in occupational medicine. In particular, it has been shown that when the body undergoes chronically to whole body vibrations spinal degeneration is likely to be one of the deleterious outcomes. Low back pain has been shown to be the ...
Bajaj Prem - - 2003
The role of tolperisone hydrochloride, a centrally acting muscle relaxant in relieving painful muscle spasm is recently being discussed. The present study hypothesizes that the prophylactic use of tolperisone hydrochloride may effectively relieve post-exercise muscle soreness, based on the spasm theory of exercise pain. Twenty male volunteers, aged 25.2 +/- ...
Dannecker E A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Despite several review articles supporting the existence of exercise induced analgesia, it is unclear whether exercise reduces delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of an acute bout of endurance exercise on delayed onset muscle pain. METHODS: DOMS was induced in ...
Aida Nobuko - - 2002
A new rehabilitation (New-RH) program including respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics (RMSG) was developed to alleviate post-coronary artery bypass grafting pain (PCP). Effects on respiratory muscle function, pain, activities of daily living (ADL), mood and exercise capacity were investigated. Subjects were 16 consecutive patients undergoing median full sternotomy coronary artery bypass ...
Kawamata Mikito - - 2002
In order to try to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms of post-operative pain, this study was designed to psychophysically determine physiological and pharmacological characteristics of experimental pain induced by a 4-mm-long incision through the skin, fascia and muscle in the volar forearm of humans. In experiment 1, the ...
Alaca Ridvan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of an isokinetic exercise program on symptoms and functions of patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. DESIGN: A total of 22 consecutive patients with the complaint of anterior knee pain who met the inclusion criteria were recruited to assess the efficacy of isokinetic exercise on functional ...
Gross A R - - 2002
PURPOSE: An evidence-based clinical practice guideline was developed to ascertain the risks and benefits for manipulation or mobilization in treating mechanical neck disorders with or without radicular findings or cerviogenic headache. Pain, function, patient satisfaction and adverse events were appraised. METHODS: The practice guideline development cycle/model and Cochrane reviewing process, ...
Poudevigne Melanie S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To test whether muscle pain intensity caused by different intensities of unaccustomed eccentric exercise was moderately and negatively associated with resting blood pressure, and whether women reported higher pain ratings compared with men in response to such exercise. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: The repeated measures design involved random assignment of ...
Cheing Gladys L Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cumulative effect of repeated transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on chronic osteoarthritic (OA) knee pain over a four-week treatment period, comparing it to that of placebo stimulation and exercise training given alone or in combination with TENS. DESIGN: Sixty-two patients, aged 50-75, were stratified according to ...
Sullivan Michael J L - - 2002
The present study examined the value of a measure of catastrophizing as a predictor of activity intolerance in response to delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). A sample of 50 (17 men, 33 women) sedentary undergraduates participated in an exercise protocol designed to induce muscle soreness and were asked to return ...
Thomas K S - - 2002
To determine whether a home based exercise programme can improve outcomes in patients with knee pain. Pragmatic, factorial randomised controlled trial of two years' duration. Two general practices in Nottingham. 786 men and women aged >/=45 years with self reported knee pain. Interventions: Participants were randomised to four groups to ...
Descarreaux Martin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The prescription of exercise as a conservative treatment for lumbar pain is frequent and seems effective for the chronic cases of nonspecific low back pain. However, there is no evidence favoring one type of exercise over another. Often, exercise programs are prescribed without adequate evaluation of the individual characteristics ...
Verna Joe L - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: A pre- and postintervention randomized, controlled trial was conducted. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of progressive resistance exercise training using a variable-angle Roman chair on the development of lumbar extensor endurance and strength. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Progressive resistance exercise for the lumbar extensors has been used successfully ...
Amsterdam Ezra A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine the safety and accuracy of immediate exercise testing in low-risk patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain suggestive of a cardiac etiology. BACKGROUND: Safe, efficient management of low-risk patients presenting to the ED with chest pain is a continuing challenge. We ...
Tassorelli Cristina - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the influence of changes in steroid hormones across the menstrual cycle on the spinal nociceptive reflex. METHOD: We studied in 14 healthy women during the follicular and luteal phase the nociceptive flexion reflex (RIII reflex), an objective neurophysiological method that allows exploring possible abnormal functioning of the ...
Quinn P Roger - - 2002
After a workplace injury or disability, there is a period of hardship and adjustment for the injured party as well as all stakeholders in the workers' compensation process. Ultimately, however, return to work is considered. The author reviews this often challenging exercise from the Canadian perspective and stresses the need ...
Wallbom Agnes S - - 2002
Rating of perceived exertion (RPE), or the Borg scale, has been shown to be positively associated with physiologic effort in individuals undergoing cardiovascular assessment. This study examined the correlations between cardiovascular performance, psychosocial factors, and the RPE scale among 50 persons with chronic pain undergoing multidisciplinary assessment. The results indicated ...
Suputtitada Areerat - - 2002
A single center, prospective, randomized, single blinded, controlled study comparing the effects and safety of "sitting pelvic tilt exercise" in relieving back pain during the third trimester in primigravida was carried out. The samples were composed of 67 primigravidas who attended the prenatal clinic at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. All ...
Morton Darren P - - 2002
PURPOSE: Exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP) is a widely experienced but poorly understood problem. This study examined the influence of age, gender, body mass index (BMI), training status, and sporting activity on the experience of ETAP and shoulder tip pain (STP). STP may occur as a result of referred pain ...
Bulbulian Ronald - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Metabolic and thermal stresses of exercise mediate the release of endogenous opioids depressing motoneuron activation (MNA). Although exercise is routinely presented as a coequal treatment for management of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP), it is not clear that exercise-induced endogenous opioid release can play a role in ...
Plamondon A - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to identify the prone back extension (PBE) exercises that offer the most resistance to the back extensor muscles. Twenty males with no previous history of low back injury performed two repetitions of eight exercises. These consisted of two maximal isometric voluntary activations (MVA) and ...
Keytel L R LR Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town Medical School, Sports Science Institute of South - - 2002
While the bicycle frame and other parts of the bicycle have undergone many improvements, the bicycle saddle has remained relatively unchanged since it was first designed more than 100 years ago. Given the number and range of cycling injuries believed to result from the saddle, this is surprising. This study ...
Danneels L A - - 2002
The present study was carried out to examine possible mechanisms of back muscle dysfunction by assessing a stabilising and a torque-producing back muscle, the multifidus (MF) and the iliocostalis lumborum pars thoracis (ICLT), respectively, in order to identify whether back pain patients showed altered recruitment patterns during different types of ...
Saltikov J A Bettany - - 2002
In today's climate of evidence based medicine, there is an increasing emphasis on objective assessment to monitor treatment effectiveness. Although spinal posture and back shape are commonly assessed by clinicians, current practice is based on subjective findings and unreliable objective tools. Numerous management protocols aim to improve both posture and ...
Focht Brian C - - 2002
This study examined the unique contribution of acute exercise to perceptions of pain in 32 older, overweight, or obese adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA), statistically controlling for the effect of diurnal variation, supplemental medication intake, and stress. Using an ecological momentary assessment method, 964 pain appraisals were recorded and coded ...
Lou E - - 2002
Kyphosis is an excessive rounding of the upper spine. Its treatment depends upon the severity, the age of the patient and the levels of the spine that are affected. Early diagnosis is a key to providing optimal treatment. In a skeletally immature patient, an exercise program or bracing is the ...
Refshauge Kathryn M - - 2002
Manipulation of the cervical spine is one of the few potentially life-threatening procedures performed by physiotherapists. Is it worth the risk? A comparison of risks versus benefits indicates that at present, the risks of cervical manipulation outweigh the benefits: manipulation has yet to be shown to be more effective for ...
Staal J Bart - - 2002
Low back pain is a major medical and social problem associated with disability, work absenteeism and high costs. Given the impact of the problem, there is a need for effective treatment interventions in occupational healthcare that aim at the prevention of chronic disability and the realisation of return to work. ...
Koltyn Kelli F - - 2002
Pain sensitivity has been found to be altered following exercise. A number of investigators have found diminished sensitivity to pain (hypoalgesia) during and following exercise. However, currently it is unknown whether there is a specific intensity of exercise that is required to produce this hypoalgesia response. Aerobic exercise, such as ...
Sun K O - - 2001
This randomised controlled trial was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for frozen shoulder. Thirty-five patients with a diagnosis of frozen shoulder were randomly allocated to an exercise group or an exercise plus acupuncture group and treated for a period of 6 weeks. Functional mobility, power, ...
Mior S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to determine how effective exercise is in the treatment of chronic pain. METHODOLOGY: The literature search identified three systematic reviews and three randomized controlled trials addressing the effectiveness of exercise for the management of chronic low back pain, one systematic review and one ...
Vierck C J CJ - - 2001
Exercise activates endogenous opioid and adrenergic systems, but attenuation of experimental pain by exercise has not been shown consistently. In this study, effects of exercise on temporal summation of late pain responses to stimulation of unmyelinated (C) nociceptors were assessed. When a preheated thermode was applied repetitively to glabrous skin ...
Souza G M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the electromyographic activity of the trunk flexors and extensors during 2 spine stabilization exercises and to evaluate the changes in muscle activity with increasing levels of exercise difficulty. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve healthy subjects without history of lower back pain. INTERVENTION: Subjects were ...
Rodacki C L - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sitting and standing postures on the repeatability of a stadiometer designed to detect small variations in spinal length. Two groups of ten healthy subjects, with no previous or known history of back problems, participated in this study. One group ...
Tritilanunt T - - 2001
Low back pain is one of the most common and important musculoskeletal disorders. In addition, chronic low back pain can deteriorate the patient's physical, psychosocial and socioeconomic status. The objective of this quasi-experimental research was to assess the efficacy of an aerobic exercise and health education program in the treatment ...
Bajaj P - - 2001
The aim of the study was to examine the time course of changes in pressure pain threshold (PPT), visual analogue scale (VAS) pain and tenderness scores, McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) descriptors, pain areas, skin temperature and mean arterial pressure (MAP) following intensive eccentric exercise. In 11 healthy male subjects, eccentric ...
Glaser J A - - 2001
A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed to investigate the efficacy of electrical muscle stimulation when combined with a therapist-guided, standardized exercise therapy program in the treatment of nonacute low back pain. Eighty patients with low back pain of at least 6 weeks' duration were randomized into the ...
Colloca C J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating posteroanterior (PA) forces in spinal stiffness assessment have shown relationships to spinal level, body type, and lumbar extensor muscle activity. Such measures may be important determinants in discriminating between patients who are asymptomatic and those who have low back pain. However, little objective evidence is available concerning ...
Halpern M - - 2001
A taxonomy of functional assessment constructs was developed to help the Social Security Administration refine the measurements of work disability. This report addresses content validity of the new taxonomy by examining the relevance of its constructs to a specific disability, and by examining the relationship between these constructs and constructs ...
Al-Obaidi S - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Repetitive exercises of the type recommended by McKenzie for the lumbar spine, such as flexion and extension exercises in standing (FIS and EIS) and lying positions (FIL and EIL), have been used in the management of low back pain for over 20 years. The cardiovascular effects of ...
Chronik B A - - 2001
Gradient coil magnetostimulation thresholds were measured in a group of 20 volunteers in both a whole-body gradient coil and a head/neck gradient coil. Both coils were operated using both x and y axes simultaneously (xy oblique mode). The waveform applied was a 64-lobe trapezoidal train with 1-ms flat-tops and varying ...
Juncher D - - 2001
The physiological condition of the live animal was found to significantly affect colour, lipid oxidation and water holding capacity of chill stored pork chops (M. Longissimus dorsi) in a study, where various pre-slaughter conditions were achieved by the following four treatments: (A) control; (B) subjected to treadmill exercise immediately prior ...
Drezner J A - - 2001
Exercise is an important part of treating and preventing back pain. Your doctor will show you which exercises are right for you and tell you how often, how long, and in what order you should do them. Often, relief for back pain is a goal that can only be achieved ...
Oldervoll L M - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of increased aerobic capacity versus muscle strength rehabilitation of female hospital staff with long-lasting musculoskeletal back pain. Seventy-nine women agreed to participate in the intervention study. After a medical examination, 65 individuals were assigned to one of three balanced ...
Hides J A - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial with 1-year and 3-year telephone questionnaire follow-ups. OBJECTIVE: To report a specific exercise intervention's long-term effects on recurrence rates in acute, first-episode low back pain patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The pain and disability associated with an initial episode of acute low back pain ...
Mclean L - - 2001
Microbreaks are scheduled rest breaks taken to prevent the onset or progression of cumulative trauma disorders in the computerized workstation environment. The authors examined the benefit of microbreaks by investigating myoelectric signal (MES) behavior, perceived discomfort, and worker productivity while individuals performed their usual keying work. Participants were randomly assigned ...
Thorpe D M - - 2001
Constipation is an expected side effect of opioid use and as such should be treated prophylactically. However, because it is often overlooked and under-appreciated it is one of the most common reasons patients avoid or abandon opioid use and, as a result, suffer pain needlessly. Thorough assessment, ongoing evaluation, and ...
Nelson F A - - 2001
Evidence for a relationship between melatonin, nociception, and analgesia in humans is based on data that are only linked by association and simultaneous occurrence. Studies have reported inverse correlation of the circadian melatonin rhythm with nociception latency and enhancement of opioid analgesia by simultaneous administration of melatonin in animals. This ...
Clark S R - - 2001
Although exercise in the form of stretching, strength maintenance, and aerobic conditioning is generally considered beneficial to patients with fibromyalgia (FM), there is no reliable evidence to explain why exercise should help alleviate the primary symptom of FM, namely pain. Study results are varied and do not provide a uniform ...
Puniello M S - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: Ninety-six subjects underwent biomechanical analysis of freestyle box lifting. OBJECTIVES: To relate lifting strategy to lower extremity muscle strength and postural stability in functionally limited elders. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Back pain and postural instability in elders is rampant and poorly understood. Much of the literature on lifting ...
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