Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 988
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Analay Yildiz - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare, in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), the effectiveness on pain, functional and psychological status of an intensive group exercise programme under the supervision of a physiotherapist and a home physiotherapy programme. DESIGN: Fifty-one patients with AS were randomly allocated into study and control groups. The study was ...
Barker Karen L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of using ratings of perceived exertion (RPEs) to regulate exercise intensity for patients with chronic back pain while they undergo hydrotherapy. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Hydrotherapy pool in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six patients (16 women, 10 men) with chronic low back pain of more ...
Narin S Osün - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of moderate aerobic exercise on migraine headache, to assess exercise-related changes in blood nitric oxide (NO) levels, and to examine the impact of such changes on migraine attacks. DESIGN: Controlled clinical trial. SETTING: School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Forty women with general migraine ...
Jaruga Maciej - - 2003
Pain of the shoulder is becoming a serious clinical problem. A proper diagnosis, surgical, physiotherapycal, pharmacological and psychological treatment allow to achieve the best result. This shoulder's problem is very common in young, working people, who expect a quick and effective treatment. One of the procedures in the treatment of ...
Witvrouw E - - 2003
The purpose of this prospective randomized intervention study was to evaluate the effect of two exercise protocols on reflex response time of vastus medialis obliquus (VMO), vastus lateralis (VL), in patients with anterior knee pain. Sixty patients were randomized into a 5-week treatment program, which consisted of only open kinetic ...
Littman E D - - 2003
The incidence of ovarian torsion has been reported to be increased during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. In this report we describe exercise-induced ovarian torsion in an ovary with a persistent cyst, following a failed gonadotrophin-stimulated intra-uterine insemination cycle. This report suggests that the risk of ovarian torsion persists beyond the treatment ...
Yeung Cecilia K N CK Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong - - 2003
To determine the effect of a series of electro-acupuncture (EA) treatment in conjunction with exercise on the pain, disability, and functional improvement scores of patients with chronic low-back pain (LBP). A blinded prospective randomized controlled study. A total of 52 patients were randomly allocated to an exercise group (n = ...
Chatard Jean-Claude - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study investigates the effect of the distance separating the lead and draft swimmers on the metabolic and hydrodynamic responses of the draft swimmer. METHODS: A nondrafting swim of 4 min at 95% of the best 1500-m pace for 11 swimmers was compared with swimming in a drafting position ...
Yarnitsky David - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Neurologic signs of increased parasympathetic outflow to the head often accompany migraine attacks. Because increased parasympathetic outflow to the cranial cavity induces vasodilation of cerebral and meningeal blood vessels, it can enhance plasma protein extravasation and the release of proinflammatory mediators that activate perivascular nociceptors. We recently showed that ...
Korhonen T - - 2003
AIMS: To investigate work related and individual factors as predictors for incident neck pain among office employees working with video display units (VDUs). METHODS: Employees in three administrative units of a medium sized city in Finland (n = 515) received mailed questionnaires in the baseline survey in 1998 and in ...
Yílmaz Figen F Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sisli Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of dynamic lumbar stabilization exercises in patients with lumbar microdiscectomy. A prospective, randomized, controlled study. Forty-two patients who were diagnosed as having lumbar disc herniation and had been operated on using the microdiscectomy method were divided randomly into 3 groups. ...
Hollander Daniel B - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to compare perceptual (RPE and pain), cardiac (heart rate), lactate, and endocrine (cortisol) responses with concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) resistance exercise protocols using the same absolute workload. METHODS: Eight healthy men with resistance-training experience participated in the study. Subjects completed two experimental ...
Storheim Kjersti - - 2003
The effect of exercise on back muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), density, and strength was evaluated in patients sick-listed for subacute low back pain. Twenty-four patients were randomized into an exercise (n = 11) or a control (n = 13) group. Patients in the exercise group followed a biweekly exercise protocol ...
Storheim Kjersti K Norwegian University of Sport and Physical Education, Oslo, Norway. - - 2003
To evaluate the short-term effect of physical exercise and a cognitive intervention in low back pain. Randomized controlled trial. Ninety-three patients sick-listed for 8-12 weeks for sub-acute low back pain were randomized to an exercise regime (n = 30), a cognitive intervention (n = 34) or a control group (n ...
Glasser Denise L - - 2003
A 55-year-old Caucasian woman with a previously documented sulfa allergy was admitted to the hospital after she developed toxic epidermal necrolysis; she had been taking valdecoxib for 8 days for knee pain. Four days later, her bullous lesions had progressed to 45-50% of her body surface area. She was transferred ...
Hodges Paul W - - 2003
In conclusion, core stability exercise is an evolving process, and refinement of the clinical rehabilitation strategies is ongoing. Two major foci are addressed in contemporary core stability programs: motor control and muscle capacity. Both of these factors have considerable foundation in the literature and can be seen as a progression ...
Haigh R C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The nature and cause of perceived joint stiffness (PJS), a well-established and defining symptom of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), remains unclear. We hypothesized that changes in the central nervous system (CNS) may determine and maintain this subjective experience of stiffness in a limb even after it is amputated. To test ...
Bischoff Heike A - - 2003
Exercise has generated interest as an important nonpharmacological treatment for symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee. Effect sizes in exercise interventions are small to moderate for pain and functional improvements and are similar to those observed for improvement in pain for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). However, in contrast ...
Young Kenneth J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the presence of spondylolysis at L2 in identical twins. CLINICAL FEATURES: Twin 61-year-old brothers reported insidious low back pain (LBP) of relatively recent onset. Both engaged in running as their main form of exercise. One had spondylolisthesis and history of significant traumatic incident; the other had no ...
Sjaastad O - - 2003
Ultrashort cephalic paroxysms are well known. In the parish of Vågå, Norway, 35.2% of the 18-65-year-old subjects (n = 1779) were recently found to have such jabs. In the present work, a search has been made for extracephalic 'jabs'. A questionnaire was in its entirety administered by the same investigator ...
Juncher Dorte - - 2003
Pre-slaughter physiological conditions (A serving as control, B subjected to treadmill exercise immediately prior to stunning, C epinephrine injection 15 h prior to slaughter, and D epinephrine injection 15 h prior to slaughter and subjected to treadmill exercise immediately before stunning) were found to significantly affect colour and lipid oxidation ...
Johnson James N - - 2003
Strong shoulders are essential for competitive swimmers, who make as many as 1 million shoulder rotations per week while training. It's no surprise that shoulder pain is common, but four simple exercises can help you prevent much of the discomfort. Please check with your doctor before beginning these exercises if ...
Cardinale M - - 2003
The effects of whole body vibration (WBV) have been studied extensively in occupational medicine. In particular, it has been shown that when the body undergoes chronically to whole body vibrations spinal degeneration is likely to be one of the deleterious outcomes. Low back pain has been shown to be the ...
Bajaj Prem - - 2003
The role of tolperisone hydrochloride, a centrally acting muscle relaxant in relieving painful muscle spasm is recently being discussed. The present study hypothesizes that the prophylactic use of tolperisone hydrochloride may effectively relieve post-exercise muscle soreness, based on the spasm theory of exercise pain. Twenty male volunteers, aged 25.2 +/- ...
Dannecker E A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Despite several review articles supporting the existence of exercise induced analgesia, it is unclear whether exercise reduces delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of an acute bout of endurance exercise on delayed onset muscle pain. METHODS: DOMS was induced in ...
Aida Nobuko - - 2002
A new rehabilitation (New-RH) program including respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics (RMSG) was developed to alleviate post-coronary artery bypass grafting pain (PCP). Effects on respiratory muscle function, pain, activities of daily living (ADL), mood and exercise capacity were investigated. Subjects were 16 consecutive patients undergoing median full sternotomy coronary artery bypass ...
Kawamata Mikito - - 2002
In order to try to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms of post-operative pain, this study was designed to psychophysically determine physiological and pharmacological characteristics of experimental pain induced by a 4-mm-long incision through the skin, fascia and muscle in the volar forearm of humans. In experiment 1, the ...
Alaca Ridvan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of an isokinetic exercise program on symptoms and functions of patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. DESIGN: A total of 22 consecutive patients with the complaint of anterior knee pain who met the inclusion criteria were recruited to assess the efficacy of isokinetic exercise on functional ...
Gross A R - - 2002
PURPOSE: An evidence-based clinical practice guideline was developed to ascertain the risks and benefits for manipulation or mobilization in treating mechanical neck disorders with or without radicular findings or cerviogenic headache. Pain, function, patient satisfaction and adverse events were appraised. METHODS: The practice guideline development cycle/model and Cochrane reviewing process, ...
Poudevigne Melanie S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To test whether muscle pain intensity caused by different intensities of unaccustomed eccentric exercise was moderately and negatively associated with resting blood pressure, and whether women reported higher pain ratings compared with men in response to such exercise. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: The repeated measures design involved random assignment of ...
Cheing Gladys L Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cumulative effect of repeated transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on chronic osteoarthritic (OA) knee pain over a four-week treatment period, comparing it to that of placebo stimulation and exercise training given alone or in combination with TENS. DESIGN: Sixty-two patients, aged 50-75, were stratified according to ...
Sullivan Michael J L - - 2002
The present study examined the value of a measure of catastrophizing as a predictor of activity intolerance in response to delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). A sample of 50 (17 men, 33 women) sedentary undergraduates participated in an exercise protocol designed to induce muscle soreness and were asked to return ...
Thomas K S KS Academic Rheumatology, City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 - - 2002
To determine whether a home based exercise programme can improve outcomes in patients with knee pain. Pragmatic, factorial randomised controlled trial of two years' duration. Two general practices in Nottingham. 786 men and women aged >/=45 years with self reported knee pain. Participants were randomised to four groups to receive ...
Descarreaux Martin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The prescription of exercise as a conservative treatment for lumbar pain is frequent and seems effective for the chronic cases of nonspecific low back pain. However, there is no evidence favoring one type of exercise over another. Often, exercise programs are prescribed without adequate evaluation of the individual characteristics ...
Verna Joe L - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: A pre- and postintervention randomized, controlled trial was conducted. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of progressive resistance exercise training using a variable-angle Roman chair on the development of lumbar extensor endurance and strength. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Progressive resistance exercise for the lumbar extensors has been used successfully ...
Amsterdam Ezra A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine the safety and accuracy of immediate exercise testing in low-risk patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain suggestive of a cardiac etiology. BACKGROUND: Safe, efficient management of low-risk patients presenting to the ED with chest pain is a continuing challenge. We ...
Tassorelli Cristina - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the influence of changes in steroid hormones across the menstrual cycle on the spinal nociceptive reflex. METHOD: We studied in 14 healthy women during the follicular and luteal phase the nociceptive flexion reflex (RIII reflex), an objective neurophysiological method that allows exploring possible abnormal functioning of the ...
Quinn P Roger - - 2002
After a workplace injury or disability, there is a period of hardship and adjustment for the injured party as well as all stakeholders in the workers' compensation process. Ultimately, however, return to work is considered. The author reviews this often challenging exercise from the Canadian perspective and stresses the need ...
Wallbom Agnes S - - 2002
Rating of perceived exertion (RPE), or the Borg scale, has been shown to be positively associated with physiologic effort in individuals undergoing cardiovascular assessment. This study examined the correlations between cardiovascular performance, psychosocial factors, and the RPE scale among 50 persons with chronic pain undergoing multidisciplinary assessment. The results indicated ...
Suputtitada Areerat - - 2002
A single center, prospective, randomized, single blinded, controlled study comparing the effects and safety of "sitting pelvic tilt exercise" in relieving back pain during the third trimester in primigravida was carried out. The samples were composed of 67 primigravidas who attended the prenatal clinic at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. All ...
Morton Darren P - - 2002
PURPOSE: Exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP) is a widely experienced but poorly understood problem. This study examined the influence of age, gender, body mass index (BMI), training status, and sporting activity on the experience of ETAP and shoulder tip pain (STP). STP may occur as a result of referred pain ...
Bulbulian Ronald - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Metabolic and thermal stresses of exercise mediate the release of endogenous opioids depressing motoneuron activation (MNA). Although exercise is routinely presented as a coequal treatment for management of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP), it is not clear that exercise-induced endogenous opioid release can play a role in ...
Plamondon A - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to identify the prone back extension (PBE) exercises that offer the most resistance to the back extensor muscles. Twenty males with no previous history of low back injury performed two repetitions of eight exercises. These consisted of two maximal isometric voluntary activations (MVA) and ...
Keytel L R LR Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town Medical School, Sports Science Institute of South - - 2002
While the bicycle frame and other parts of the bicycle have undergone many improvements, the bicycle saddle has remained relatively unchanged since it was first designed more than 100 years ago. Given the number and range of cycling injuries believed to result from the saddle, this is surprising. This study ...
Danneels L A LA University Hospital, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent, Belgium. - - 2002
The present study was carried out to examine possible mechanisms of back muscle dysfunction by assessing a stabilising and a torque-producing back muscle, the multifidus (MF) and the iliocostalis lumborum pars thoracis (ICLT), respectively, in order to identify whether back pain patients showed altered recruitment patterns during different types of ...
Saltikov J A Bettany - - 2002
In today's climate of evidence based medicine, there is an increasing emphasis on objective assessment to monitor treatment effectiveness. Although spinal posture and back shape are commonly assessed by clinicians, current practice is based on subjective findings and unreliable objective tools. Numerous management protocols aim to improve both posture and ...
Focht Brian C - - 2002
This study examined the unique contribution of acute exercise to perceptions of pain in 32 older, overweight, or obese adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA), statistically controlling for the effect of diurnal variation, supplemental medication intake, and stress. Using an ecological momentary assessment method, 964 pain appraisals were recorded and coded ...
Lou E - - 2002
Kyphosis is an excessive rounding of the upper spine. Its treatment depends upon the severity, the age of the patient and the levels of the spine that are affected. Early diagnosis is a key to providing optimal treatment. In a skeletally immature patient, an exercise program or bracing is the ...
Refshauge Kathryn M - - 2002
Manipulation of the cervical spine is one of the few potentially life-threatening procedures performed by physiotherapists. Is it worth the risk? A comparison of risks versus benefits indicates that at present, the risks of cervical manipulation outweigh the benefits: manipulation has yet to be shown to be more effective for ...
Staal J Bart - - 2002
Low back pain is a major medical and social problem associated with disability, work absenteeism and high costs. Given the impact of the problem, there is a need for effective treatment interventions in occupational healthcare that aim at the prevention of chronic disability and the realisation of return to work. ...
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