Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 984
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Kavcic Natasa - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative biomechanical comparison of seven different lumbar spine "stabilization exercises."OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to quantify lumbar spine stability resulting from the muscle activation patterns measured when performing selected stabilization exercises. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Many exercises are termed "stabilization exercises" for the low back; ...
Boix Fernando - - 2005
To determine the muscular concentration of bradykinin and kallidin during static contraction, microdialysis probes were implanted bilaterally in the trapezius muscles of healthy women. Three hours after probe implantation, 200 microM of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalaprilat were added to the perfusion solution in one of the sides for ...
Weiss Susan - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to compare the objective, subjective, and radiographic responses of patients with carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis (CMCJ-OA) wearing a prefabricated neoprene splint (PFN), which crosses the CMCJ and metacarpophalangeal joint, with those of patients wearing a custom-made thermoplastic short opponens splint (CMT), which crosses only the ...
Skikić Emela Mujić - - 2004
Brunkow exercises starting with dynamic contraction of hands and feet with fixed point on the wrist or/and heal. Dynamic contraction from the beginning, transferring through kinetic chain, leads to isometric contraction of the group of muscles, which has to be included in the exercise. Starting positions determine the group of ...
Glass Jennifer M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Abnormalities of the biological stress response (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the autonomic nervous system) have been identified in both fibromyalgia (FM) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Although these changes have been considered to be partly responsible for symptom expression, we examine an alternative hypothesis that these HPA and autonomic changes ...
Vollenbroek-Hutten Miriam - - 2006
The objective of this explorative study was to investigate to what extent changes in perceived pain, induced by myofeedback training, are correlated to changes in muscle activation patterns. Thirty subjects with work-related myalgia received myofeedback training. Before (T(0)), directly after (T(1)) and 4 weeks or, in a subset of patients, ...
Latimer Amy E - - 2004
For individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI), regular exercise training leads to significant improvements in pain, stress, and depression. The mechanisms by which exercise effects change in these variables are poorly understood. To address this issue, we examined the mediated effects of exercise on the psychological well-being of individuals ...
Whittingham Martin - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of daily patella taping and exercise on pain and function in individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome. BACKGROUND: Patella taping and muscle-strengthening programs are commonly used to treat patellofemoral pain syndrome. There is, however, little evidence for the effectiveness of ...
Pho Cuong - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. OBJECTIVES: To describe a physical therapy program addressing impairments of the upper thoracic and cervical spine region for an individual with a whiplash-associated disorder. BACKGROUND: A 32-year-old female with complaint of diffuse posterior cervical and upper thoracic region pain was evaluated 2 weeks following a ...
van Poppel Mireille N M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To update the evidence on the effectiveness of lumbar supports, education and exercise in the primary prevention of low back pain at the workplace. METHODS: A computerized search for controlled clinical trials published between 1997 and 2002 was conducted, and the methodological quality of the studies was assessed using ...
Nijs Jo - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients who experience pain, a symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), often exhibit kinesiophobia (irrational fear of movement). The purpose of this study was to examine whether pain-related fear of movement is associated with exercise capacity, activity limitations, or participation restrictions in patients with CFS who experience ...
Albert Wayne J - - 2004
This study examined the utility of electromyography and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in assessing m. erector spinae activity during the Biering-Sorensen Back Muscle Endurance (BSME) test. Six men and four women (27.0 +/- 7.1 years of age) performed the BSME test (time = 131.5 +/- 43.5 s). EMG was used to ...
Oleske Denise M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To simultaneously evaluate personal, medical, and job factors that could affect recovery from work-related, low back disorders, specifically focusing on an active working sample. DESIGN: Observational, longitudinal study. SETTING: Two US automotive plants. PARTICIPANTS: Employees (N=352; 289 men, 63 women; mean age +/- standard deviation, 45.1+/-7.5 y) who were ...
Piotte France - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of repeated distension arthrographies combined with a home exercise program on impairments and disability of the upper limb in subjects with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. DESIGN: A total of 15 subjects with idiopathic adhesive capsulitis participated in the ...
Shah Steven N - - 2004
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is an overuse condition affecting primarily active, athletic people. Its etiology is unclear, but several theories have been proposed. The syndrome is characterized by recurrent, often severe muscle compartment pain that occurs with vigorous exercise and subsides with rest. Physical examination usually provides little helpful information. ...
Ohta Toshiyuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A retrospective investigation was conducted to define the clinical features of exercise-induced acute renal failure (ARF) associated with renal hypouricaemia with the aim of clarifying further the clinical features of the disease entity. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to 43 institutions in Japan that had experienced case(s) of exercise-induced ...
Karper William B - - 2004
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a painful bladder condition. Because of a reported link between exercise and pain reduction, a case study analysis was conducted to explore exercise effects on IC. Exercise was provided 3 days per week for 6 months. Two subjects appeared to have benefitted from the program. Implications ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dysfunction remains a frequent complication after neck dissection procedures for head and neck cancer. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the effects of progressive resistance exercise training (PRET) on shoulder dysfunction caused by spinal accessory neurapraxia/neurectomy in patients with head and neck cancer. Twenty patients (mean ...
Whiteside Alan - - 2004
Post-exertional muscle pain is an important reason for disability in patients who are diagnosed to have Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). We compared changes in pain threshold in five CFS patients with five age and sex matched controls following graded exercise. Pain thresholds, measured in the skin web between thumb and ...
Ravaud P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Diary recording of pain and disabling activities in osteoarthritis (OA) is widely recommended, but, to our knowledge, its impact on symptoms has not been investigated. Exercise programmes have been shown to be effective when patients are closely supervised by nurses or physiotherapists; however, data are lacking on the efficacy ...
Arokoski Jari P - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the activities of paraspinal and abdominal muscles during therapeutic exercises for the treatment of patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP), and to study the effects of active physical rehabilitation on these activities. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing muscle activities during 18 stabilization exercises, and a ...
Schnabel M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Standard therapy in Germany for acute whiplash injury has traditionally included a soft collar (cervical orthosis), an approach that is passive compared with early exercise and mobilisation. The purpose of this study is to examine the recovery in the first six weeks of groups of acute whiplash injury patients ...
Itoh Kazunori - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop an experimental model of myofascial trigger points to investigate their pathophysiology. METHODS: Fifteen healthy volunteers who gave informed consent underwent repetitive eccentric exercise of the third finger of one hand (0.1 Hz repetitions, three sets at five minute intervals) until exhaustion. ...
Rao Jaya K - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Prevention may occur in clinical, community, or population settings and is often classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary types. To provide a context for this review, we define the three types and provide general and arthritis-specific examples of prevention strategies. Next, we highlight recently published longitudinal cohort ...
van den Brand Johan G H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) experience pain during exercise. An abnormal increase in intracompartmental pressure (ICP) leads to impaired local tissue perfusion resulting in ischemia and pain. At cessation of exercise, pain subsides. Diagnosis is confirmed through postexercise ICP. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can measure tissue oxygen ...
Lafiandra Michael - - 2004
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: To determine the effects of backpack mass on the forces exerted by the backpack on the carrier and on the distribution of these forces between the upper back (including shoulders) and lower back (sacrum and iliac crest). METHODS: Eleven male volunteers (mean age 22.7 SEM 1.1 yr) walked on ...
Cook Dane B - - 2004
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the influence of parental hypertension history on leg muscle pain ratings during cycling exercise in African American women. Eighteen women (age, 19 +/- 2 years) with a positive family history (+PH) of hypertension and 16 (age, 19 +/- 1 years) with ...
Kool Jan J Research Department, Rehabilitation Centre Valens, Switzerland. - - 2004
To investigate whether exercise alone or as a part of a multidisciplinary treatment reduces sick leave in patients with non-specific non-acute low back pain. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was performed. A qualitative analysis of the sick leave results was performed applying pre-defined levels of evidence. In studies comparing ...
Stuge Britt - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with stratified block design. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a treatment program focusing on whether specific stabilizing exercises for patients with pelvic girdle pain after pregnancy reduce pain, improve functional status, and improve quality of life. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. : The evidence of effectiveness of ...
Mujić Skikić Emela - - 2004
This study encompassed 64 participants with symptoms of low back pain, 33 in McKenzie group and 31 in Brunkow group. Patients attended exercise program daily and they were asked to do the same exercise at home--five times a day in series of 5 to 10 repetition each time, depending of ...
Mant J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the value of a range of methods - including clinical features, resting and exercise electrocardiography, and rapid access chest pain clinics (RACPCs) - used in the diagnosis and early management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), suspected acute myocardial infarction (MI), and exertional angina. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Rainville James - - 2004
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Exercise is a widely prescribed treatment for chronic low back pain, with demonstrated effectiveness for improving function and work. PURPOSE: The goal of this article is to review several key aspects about the safety and efficacy of exercise that may help clinicians understand its utility in treating chronic ...
Keller Anne - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized study. OBJECTIVES: To compare muscle strength, cross-sectional area, and density of the back muscles in two categories of patients with chronic low back pain, randomized to either lumbar fusion or cognitive intervention and exercises. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In two clinical trials, patients with chronic low ...
Mori A - - 2004
Trunk stabilization is very important for the injured lower back. The use of a gym ball, the surface of which is labile, is becoming more popular for strengthening the trunk muscles and challenging the motor control system in trunk stabilization exercises. However, little is known about the activity of the ...
Morris Alison Louise - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The management of chronic low back pain (CLBP) is becoming increasingly demanding upon health care services and society. Programmes combining exercise, education and a biopsychosocial approach have become a popular way of managing CLBP. Programmes are designed to change behaviour, increase activity levels and encourage self-management. Patients' experiences of ...
Yelland Michael J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a prolotherapy injection and exercise protocol in the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with two-by-two factorial design, triple-blinded for injection status, and single-blinded for exercise status. SETTING: General practice. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ten participants with nonspecific low-back pain ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Necrotic arachnidism continues to be attributed to wolf spider bites. This study investigates the clinical effects of bites by wolf spiders in Australia (family Lycosidae). METHODS: Subjects were recruited prospectively from February 1999 to April 2001 from participating emergency departments or state poison information centers. Subjects were included if ...
Yang Joon-mo - - 2004
Yearlong measurements of biophotons from palm and back of hand of three healthy people were performed. The detection of biophoton was done with two photomultiplier tubes whose spectral range was from 300 nm to 650 nm. The measurement was done on a circular area of diameter 46 mm whose centers ...
Yildiz Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of isokinetic exercise on pain and functional test scores of recreational athletes with chondromalacia patellae (CMP) and to examine the correlation between isokinetic parameters and functional tests or pain score. METHODS: The functional ability of 30 recreational athletes with unilateral CMP was evaluated using six ...
Ludewig P M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Repetitive or sustained elevated shoulder postures have been identified as a significant risk factor for occupationally related shoulder musculoskeletal disorders. Construction workers exposed to routine overhead work have high rates of shoulder pain that frequently progresses to functional loss and disability. Exercise interventions have potential for slowing this progression. ...
Ambrose Kirsten - - 2003
Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and related illnesses fall under the spectrum of chronic multisymptom illnesses (CMI). This constellation of syndromes often is defined by chronic pain, unremitting fatigue, cognitive difficulties, and various other symptoms. In treating these illnesses, pharmacotherapy generally is the mode of choice, with exercise being overlooked often. ...
Scannell Joan P - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical therapists commonly attempt to reduce and prevent low back pain by "improving" individuals' lumbar posture. To investigate the physical therapy clinical practice of attempting to "improve" lumbar posture, measures of passive tissue stiffness and angular deformation during activities of daily living were used. PARTICIPANTS: The lumbar ...
Weerakkody N S - - 2003
In human subjects the triceps surae of one leg was exercised eccentrically by asking subjects to walk backwards on an inclined treadmill. Before the exercise controlled local pressure, applied to the muscle with an electromagnet, produced mild soreness, which was reduced when the pressure was combined with vibration. When delayed-onset ...
Marzoug E A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To avoid wastage of prostheses and unfair selection methods for prosthetic prescription, we aimed to develop a practical assessment tool for amputees with doubtful potential, using refurbished second hand modular prostheses. METHOD: Thirty-seven primary amputees (33 transfemoral, 4 transtibial; 22 males, 15 females; median age 71 years, range 19-91) ...
Goodacre S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Patients presenting to hospital with acute, undifferentiated chest pain have a low, but important, risk of significant myocardial ischaemia. Potential diagnostic strategies for patients with acute, undifferentiated chest pain vary from low cost, poor effectiveness (discharging all home) to high cost, high effectiveness (admission and intensive investigation). This paper ...
Brox Jens Ivar - - 2003
Single blind randomized study. To compare the effectiveness of lumbar instrumented fusion with cognitive intervention and exercises in patients with chronic low back pain and disc degeneration. To the authors' best knowledge, only one randomized study has evaluated the effectiveness of lumbar fusion. The Swedish Lumbar Spine Study reported that ...
Analay Yildiz - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare, in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), the effectiveness on pain, functional and psychological status of an intensive group exercise programme under the supervision of a physiotherapist and a home physiotherapy programme. DESIGN: Fifty-one patients with AS were randomly allocated into study and control groups. The study was ...
Barker Karen L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of using ratings of perceived exertion (RPEs) to regulate exercise intensity for patients with chronic back pain while they undergo hydrotherapy. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Hydrotherapy pool in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six patients (16 women, 10 men) with chronic low back pain of more ...
Narin S Osün - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of moderate aerobic exercise on migraine headache, to assess exercise-related changes in blood nitric oxide (NO) levels, and to examine the impact of such changes on migraine attacks. DESIGN: Controlled clinical trial. SETTING: School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Forty women with general migraine ...
Jaruga Maciej - - 2003
Pain of the shoulder is becoming a serious clinical problem. A proper diagnosis, surgical, physiotherapycal, pharmacological and psychological treatment allow to achieve the best result. This shoulder's problem is very common in young, working people, who expect a quick and effective treatment. One of the procedures in the treatment of ...
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