Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 966
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Whiteside Alan - - 2004
Post-exertional muscle pain is an important reason for disability in patients who are diagnosed to have Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). We compared changes in pain threshold in five CFS patients with five age and sex matched controls following graded exercise. Pain thresholds, measured in the skin web between thumb and ...
Ravaud P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Diary recording of pain and disabling activities in osteoarthritis (OA) is widely recommended, but, to our knowledge, its impact on symptoms has not been investigated. Exercise programmes have been shown to be effective when patients are closely supervised by nurses or physiotherapists; however, data are lacking on the efficacy ...
Arokoski Jari P - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the activities of paraspinal and abdominal muscles during therapeutic exercises for the treatment of patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP), and to study the effects of active physical rehabilitation on these activities. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing muscle activities during 18 stabilization exercises, and a ...
Schnabel M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Standard therapy in Germany for acute whiplash injury has traditionally included a soft collar (cervical orthosis), an approach that is passive compared with early exercise and mobilisation. The purpose of this study is to examine the recovery in the first six weeks of groups of acute whiplash injury patients ...
Kool Jan - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether exercise alone or as a part of a multidisciplinary treatment reduces sick leave in patients with non-specific non-acute low back pain. METHODS: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was performed. A qualitative analysis of the sick leave results was performed applying pre-defined levels of evidence. In ...
Itoh Kazunori - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop an experimental model of myofascial trigger points to investigate their pathophysiology. METHODS: Fifteen healthy volunteers who gave informed consent underwent repetitive eccentric exercise of the third finger of one hand (0.1 Hz repetitions, three sets at five minute intervals) until exhaustion. ...
Rao Jaya K - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Prevention may occur in clinical, community, or population settings and is often classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary types. To provide a context for this review, we define the three types and provide general and arthritis-specific examples of prevention strategies. Next, we highlight recently published longitudinal cohort ...
van den Brand Johan G H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) experience pain during exercise. An abnormal increase in intracompartmental pressure (ICP) leads to impaired local tissue perfusion resulting in ischemia and pain. At cessation of exercise, pain subsides. Diagnosis is confirmed through postexercise ICP. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can measure tissue oxygen ...
Lafiandra Michael - - 2004
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: To determine the effects of backpack mass on the forces exerted by the backpack on the carrier and on the distribution of these forces between the upper back (including shoulders) and lower back (sacrum and iliac crest). METHODS: Eleven male volunteers (mean age 22.7 SEM 1.1 yr) walked on ...
Cook Dane B - - 2004
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the influence of parental hypertension history on leg muscle pain ratings during cycling exercise in African American women. Eighteen women (age, 19 +/- 2 years) with a positive family history (+PH) of hypertension and 16 (age, 19 +/- 1 years) with ...
Stuge Britt - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with stratified block design. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a treatment program focusing on whether specific stabilizing exercises for patients with pelvic girdle pain after pregnancy reduce pain, improve functional status, and improve quality of life. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. : The evidence of effectiveness of ...
Mujić Skikić Emela - - 2004
This study encompassed 64 participants with symptoms of low back pain, 33 in McKenzie group and 31 in Brunkow group. Patients attended exercise program daily and they were asked to do the same exercise at home--five times a day in series of 5 to 10 repetition each time, depending of ...
Mant J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the value of a range of methods - including clinical features, resting and exercise electrocardiography, and rapid access chest pain clinics (RACPCs) - used in the diagnosis and early management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), suspected acute myocardial infarction (MI), and exertional angina. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Rainville James - - 2004
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Exercise is a widely prescribed treatment for chronic low back pain, with demonstrated effectiveness for improving function and work. PURPOSE: The goal of this article is to review several key aspects about the safety and efficacy of exercise that may help clinicians understand its utility in treating chronic ...
Keller Anne - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized study. OBJECTIVES: To compare muscle strength, cross-sectional area, and density of the back muscles in two categories of patients with chronic low back pain, randomized to either lumbar fusion or cognitive intervention and exercises. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In two clinical trials, patients with chronic low ...
Mori A - - 2004
Trunk stabilization is very important for the injured lower back. The use of a gym ball, the surface of which is labile, is becoming more popular for strengthening the trunk muscles and challenging the motor control system in trunk stabilization exercises. However, little is known about the activity of the ...
Morris Alison Louise - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The management of chronic low back pain (CLBP) is becoming increasingly demanding upon health care services and society. Programmes combining exercise, education and a biopsychosocial approach have become a popular way of managing CLBP. Programmes are designed to change behaviour, increase activity levels and encourage self-management. Patients' experiences of ...
Yelland Michael J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a prolotherapy injection and exercise protocol in the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with two-by-two factorial design, triple-blinded for injection status, and single-blinded for exercise status. SETTING: General practice. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ten participants with nonspecific low-back pain ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Necrotic arachnidism continues to be attributed to wolf spider bites. This study investigates the clinical effects of bites by wolf spiders in Australia (family Lycosidae). METHODS: Subjects were recruited prospectively from February 1999 to April 2001 from participating emergency departments or state poison information centers. Subjects were included if ...
Yang Joon-mo - - 2004
Yearlong measurements of biophotons from palm and back of hand of three healthy people were performed. The detection of biophoton was done with two photomultiplier tubes whose spectral range was from 300 nm to 650 nm. The measurement was done on a circular area of diameter 46 mm whose centers ...
Yildiz Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of isokinetic exercise on pain and functional test scores of recreational athletes with chondromalacia patellae (CMP) and to examine the correlation between isokinetic parameters and functional tests or pain score. METHODS: The functional ability of 30 recreational athletes with unilateral CMP was evaluated using six ...
Ludewig P M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Repetitive or sustained elevated shoulder postures have been identified as a significant risk factor for occupationally related shoulder musculoskeletal disorders. Construction workers exposed to routine overhead work have high rates of shoulder pain that frequently progresses to functional loss and disability. Exercise interventions have potential for slowing this progression. ...
Ambrose Kirsten - - 2003
Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and related illnesses fall under the spectrum of chronic multisymptom illnesses (CMI). This constellation of syndromes often is defined by chronic pain, unremitting fatigue, cognitive difficulties, and various other symptoms. In treating these illnesses, pharmacotherapy generally is the mode of choice, with exercise being overlooked often. ...
Scannell Joan P - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical therapists commonly attempt to reduce and prevent low back pain by "improving" individuals' lumbar posture. To investigate the physical therapy clinical practice of attempting to "improve" lumbar posture, measures of passive tissue stiffness and angular deformation during activities of daily living were used. PARTICIPANTS: The lumbar ...
Weerakkody N S - - 2003
In human subjects the triceps surae of one leg was exercised eccentrically by asking subjects to walk backwards on an inclined treadmill. Before the exercise controlled local pressure, applied to the muscle with an electromagnet, produced mild soreness, which was reduced when the pressure was combined with vibration. When delayed-onset ...
Marzoug E A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To avoid wastage of prostheses and unfair selection methods for prosthetic prescription, we aimed to develop a practical assessment tool for amputees with doubtful potential, using refurbished second hand modular prostheses. METHOD: Thirty-seven primary amputees (33 transfemoral, 4 transtibial; 22 males, 15 females; median age 71 years, range 19-91) ...
Goodacre S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Patients presenting to hospital with acute, undifferentiated chest pain have a low, but important, risk of significant myocardial ischaemia. Potential diagnostic strategies for patients with acute, undifferentiated chest pain vary from low cost, poor effectiveness (discharging all home) to high cost, high effectiveness (admission and intensive investigation). This paper ...
Brox Jens Ivar - - 2003
Single blind randomized study. To compare the effectiveness of lumbar instrumented fusion with cognitive intervention and exercises in patients with chronic low back pain and disc degeneration. To the authors' best knowledge, only one randomized study has evaluated the effectiveness of lumbar fusion. The Swedish Lumbar Spine Study reported that ...
Analay Yildiz - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare, in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), the effectiveness on pain, functional and psychological status of an intensive group exercise programme under the supervision of a physiotherapist and a home physiotherapy programme. DESIGN: Fifty-one patients with AS were randomly allocated into study and control groups. The study was ...
Barker Karen L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of using ratings of perceived exertion (RPEs) to regulate exercise intensity for patients with chronic back pain while they undergo hydrotherapy. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Hydrotherapy pool in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six patients (16 women, 10 men) with chronic low back pain of more ...
Narin S Osün - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of moderate aerobic exercise on migraine headache, to assess exercise-related changes in blood nitric oxide (NO) levels, and to examine the impact of such changes on migraine attacks. DESIGN: Controlled clinical trial. SETTING: School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Forty women with general migraine ...
Jaruga Maciej - - 2003
Pain of the shoulder is becoming a serious clinical problem. A proper diagnosis, surgical, physiotherapycal, pharmacological and psychological treatment allow to achieve the best result. This shoulder's problem is very common in young, working people, who expect a quick and effective treatment. One of the procedures in the treatment of ...
Yeung Cecilia K N - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of a series of electro-acupuncture (EA) treatment in conjunction with exercise on the pain, disability, and functional improvement scores of patients with chronic low-back pain (LBP). DESIGN: A blinded prospective randomized controlled study. Subjects and interventions: A total of 52 patients were randomly allocated to ...
Witvrouw E - - 2003
The purpose of this prospective randomized intervention study was to evaluate the effect of two exercise protocols on reflex response time of vastus medialis obliquus (VMO), vastus lateralis (VL), in patients with anterior knee pain. Sixty patients were randomized into a 5-week treatment program, which consisted of only open kinetic ...
Littman E D - - 2003
The incidence of ovarian torsion has been reported to be increased during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. In this report we describe exercise-induced ovarian torsion in an ovary with a persistent cyst, following a failed gonadotrophin-stimulated intra-uterine insemination cycle. This report suggests that the risk of ovarian torsion persists beyond the treatment ...
Chatard Jean-Claude - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study investigates the effect of the distance separating the lead and draft swimmers on the metabolic and hydrodynamic responses of the draft swimmer. METHODS: A nondrafting swim of 4 min at 95% of the best 1500-m pace for 11 swimmers was compared with swimming in a drafting position ...
Yarnitsky David - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Neurologic signs of increased parasympathetic outflow to the head often accompany migraine attacks. Because increased parasympathetic outflow to the cranial cavity induces vasodilation of cerebral and meningeal blood vessels, it can enhance plasma protein extravasation and the release of proinflammatory mediators that activate perivascular nociceptors. We recently showed that ...
Korhonen T - - 2003
AIMS: To investigate work related and individual factors as predictors for incident neck pain among office employees working with video display units (VDUs). METHODS: Employees in three administrative units of a medium sized city in Finland (n = 515) received mailed questionnaires in the baseline survey in 1998 and in ...
Yílmaz Figen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of dynamic lumbar stabilization exercises in patients with lumbar microdiscectomy. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled study. SUBJECTS: Forty-two patients who were diagnosed as having lumbar disc herniation and had been operated on using the microdiscectomy method were divided randomly ...
Hollander Daniel B - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to compare perceptual (RPE and pain), cardiac (heart rate), lactate, and endocrine (cortisol) responses with concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) resistance exercise protocols using the same absolute workload. METHODS: Eight healthy men with resistance-training experience participated in the study. Subjects completed two experimental ...
Storheim Kjersti - - 2003
The effect of exercise on back muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), density, and strength was evaluated in patients sick-listed for subacute low back pain. Twenty-four patients were randomized into an exercise (n = 11) or a control (n = 13) group. Patients in the exercise group followed a biweekly exercise protocol ...
Storheim Kjersti - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term effect of physical exercise and a cognitive intervention in low back pain. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Ninety-three patients sick-listed for 8-12 weeks for sub-acute low back pain were randomized to an exercise regime (n = 30), a cognitive intervention (n = 34) or a ...
Glasser Denise L - - 2003
A 55-year-old Caucasian woman with a previously documented sulfa allergy was admitted to the hospital after she developed toxic epidermal necrolysis; she had been taking valdecoxib for 8 days for knee pain. Four days later, her bullous lesions had progressed to 45-50% of her body surface area. She was transferred ...
Hodges Paul W - - 2003
In conclusion, core stability exercise is an evolving process, and refinement of the clinical rehabilitation strategies is ongoing. Two major foci are addressed in contemporary core stability programs: motor control and muscle capacity. Both of these factors have considerable foundation in the literature and can be seen as a progression ...
Haigh R C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The nature and cause of perceived joint stiffness (PJS), a well-established and defining symptom of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), remains unclear. We hypothesized that changes in the central nervous system (CNS) may determine and maintain this subjective experience of stiffness in a limb even after it is amputated. To test ...
Bischoff Heike A - - 2003
Exercise has generated interest as an important nonpharmacological treatment for symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee. Effect sizes in exercise interventions are small to moderate for pain and functional improvements and are similar to those observed for improvement in pain for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). However, in contrast ...
Young Kenneth J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the presence of spondylolysis at L2 in identical twins. CLINICAL FEATURES: Twin 61-year-old brothers reported insidious low back pain (LBP) of relatively recent onset. Both engaged in running as their main form of exercise. One had spondylolisthesis and history of significant traumatic incident; the other had no ...
Sjaastad O - - 2003
Ultrashort cephalic paroxysms are well known. In the parish of Vågå, Norway, 35.2% of the 18-65-year-old subjects (n = 1779) were recently found to have such jabs. In the present work, a search has been made for extracephalic 'jabs'. A questionnaire was in its entirety administered by the same investigator ...
Juncher Dorte - - 2003
Pre-slaughter physiological conditions (A serving as control, B subjected to treadmill exercise immediately prior to stunning, C epinephrine injection 15 h prior to slaughter, and D epinephrine injection 15 h prior to slaughter and subjected to treadmill exercise immediately before stunning) were found to significantly affect colour and lipid oxidation ...
Johnson James N - - 2003
Strong shoulders are essential for competitive swimmers, who make as many as 1 million shoulder rotations per week while training. It's no surprise that shoulder pain is common, but four simple exercises can help you prevent much of the discomfort. Please check with your doctor before beginning these exercises if ...
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