Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 966
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George Steven Z - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Treatment-based classification (TBC) provides matched interventions for patients with acute low back pain (LBP) through key history and clinical findings. This study investigated the discriminant validity of TBC by determining whether commonly used clinical examination variables discriminated among TBC groups. SUBJECTS: The mean age of the 131 ...
Donatell Gabriel J - - 2005
Monitoring compliance with exercise and motivating patients with lower back pain to perform prescribed exercise regimens are considerable tasks. The objective of this study was to develop and test a low-cost device that can be used by a patient at home to both record and provide real-time biofeedback of lumbar ...
Granston A - - 2005
To determine whether motion sickness induced by optokinetic stimulation would trigger migraine-like attacks, 27 migraine sufferers and 23 controls attended the laboratory up to three times at intervals of at least 3 weeks. On one occasion subjects experienced up to 15 min of optokinetic stimulation, followed by three 30-s applications ...
Ginn Karen A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy aimed at restoring neuromuscular control mechanisms at the shoulder with other conservative interventions for the treatment of chronic shoulder pain with and without accompanying stiffness. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. Patients: A total of 138 volunteers with unilateral shoulder pain of local mechanical ...
Koumantakis George A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the usefulness of the addition of specific stabilization exercises to a general back and abdominal muscle exercise approach for patients with subacute or chronic nonspecific back pain by comparing a specific muscle stabilization-enhanced general exercise approach with ...
Fowler Neil Edward - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the behavior of the spinal column after loading in participants with and without low back pain (LBP) using spinal shrinkage measurements as a criterion and to analyze the relations among spinal shrinkage, recovery, and LBP. DESIGN: A case-control study with repeated measures. SETTING: University department with recruitment ...
Friel Karen - - 2005
For this study, we compared the physical impairments and functional deficits of individuals with lower-limb amputation (LLA) for those with and without low back pain (LBP). Nineteen participants with LLA were placed into two groups based on visual analog scores of LBP. We assessed functional limitations, iliopsoas length, hamstring length, ...
Kofotolis N - - 2005
AIM: This review, through a survey of the relevant research, examines the role of exercise in the natural course of symptoms in the preventive category, as well as in acute, subacute, chronic and postoperative categories of low back pain. The purpose of this study was to examine the evidence for ...
Harte Sinead - - 2005
The authors report on a 13-year-old boy who, after exercise, had respiratory distress and left upper quadrant abdominal pain. Initially, a mistaken diagnosis of pneumothorax was made, and a chest tube was inserted. A nasogastric tube was then visualized on chest x-ray in the left hemithorax. He underwent a laparotomy ...
Maul Irina - - 2005
In the last few years, several studies have focused on short-term treatment effects of exercise therapy. However, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the long-term treatment effects recorded after several years. Hence, this study was performed to investigate the short- and long-term effects of supervised physical training on functional ...
Lim Hyun-Ja - - 2005
Relations of habitual exercise and pain, perceived family support, and the quality of life in patients with functional class II for ankylosing spondylitis were explored. In a cross-sectional study perceived pain, family support, and quality of life were compared for 30 patients (23 women and 7 men whose mean age ...
Behm David G - - 2005
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effect of unstable and unilateral resistance exercises on trunk muscle activation. Eleven subjects (6 men and 5 women) between 20 and 45 years of age participated. Six trunk exercises, as well as unilateral and bilateral shoulder and chest presses against ...
Garshasbi A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of exercise during pregnancy on the intensity of low back pain and kinematics of spine. METHOD: A prospective randomized study was designed. 107 women participated in an exercise program three times a week during second half of pregnancy for 12 weeks and 105 as control ...
Lim Hyun-Ja - - 2005
We investigated the effects of home-based daily exercise on joint mobility, functional capacity, pain, and depression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The patients were randomly assigned to a wait-list control group or to an exercise-therapy group. The exercise-therapy group performed a 20-min exercise program once per day for 8 ...
Gagnon, Laura (Laura Kathryn), ...
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Fontana Tania L - - 2005
Patients with low back pain (LBP) often present with impaired proprioception of the lumbopelvic region. For this reason, proprioception training usually forms part of the rehabilitation protocols. New exercise equipment that produces whole body, low frequency vibration (WBV) has been developed to improve muscle function, and reportedly improves proprioception. The ...
Bong Matthew R - - 2005
During exercise, muscular expansion and swelling occur. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome represents abnormally increased compartment pressures and pain in the involved extremity secondary to a noncompliant musculofascial compartment. Most commonly, it occurs in the lower leg, but has been reported in the thigh, foot, upper extremity, and erector spinae musculature. ...
Kim Soo Ji - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music therapy on pain perception of stroke patients during upper extremity joint exercises. Ten stroke patients (1 male and 9 females) ranging in age from 61 to 73 participated in the study. Music conditions used in the study consisted ...
Touzios John G - - 2005
Background. Cholangitis requires bactibilia and increased biliary pressure. Pancreatitis may be initiated by elevated intraductal pressure. The sphincter of Oddi regulates pancreatobiliary pressures and prevents reflux of duodenal contents. However, following biliary bypass or pancreatoduodenectomy, increased intra-abdominal pressure may be transmitted into the bile ducts and/or pancreas. The aim of ...
Chiu Thomas T W - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with single-blind outcome assessments. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a neck exercise program in patients with chronic neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The effect of exercise for patients with chronic neck pain has been investigated in a number of studies. The efficacy ...
Dainoff Marvin J - - 2005
The United States MEPS (musculoskeletal--eyestrain--psychosocial--stress) study consisted of 1 group of 28 female data entry operators. The intervention was in 3 parts: workstation redesign (including advanced ergonomic chairs, motorized adjustable workstations, advanced adjustable keyboards, adjustable copyholders, adjustable footrests, monitor support surfaces) and ergonomic training/coaching and corrective lenses. After the intervention, ...
Filiz Mustafa - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare two different exercise programmes versus a control group, after lumbar disc surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Sixty patients diagnosed as having single level lumbar disc herniation with clinical examination ...
Wajon Anne - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two 6-week splint and exercise regimens for patients with trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis. Forty participants were enrolled in a randomised, controlled clinical trial. The experimental group received a newly designed thumb strap splint and an abduction exercise regimen, whereas the control ...
Engström Lena Oldfors - - 2005
AIMS: This investigation aims to describe patients with longstanding pain who did not complete their participation and/or participated infrequently in physiotherapy (PT) treatment based on their own activity and responsibility, and in addition to understand the phenomenon of adherence from a behavioural theoretical perspective. METHODS: The phenomenon compliance/adherence was studied ...
Maher Chris G - - 2005
While one in ten Australians suffer from chronic low back pain this condition remains extremely difficult to treat. Many contemporary treatments are of unknown value. One potentially useful therapy is the use of motor control exercise. This therapy has a biologically plausible effect, is readily available in primary care and ...
Kay T M - - 2005
Neck disorders are common, limit function, and are costly to individuals and society. Exercise therapy is a commonly used treatment for neck pain. The effectiveness of exercise therapy remains unclear. To assess the effectiveness of exercise therapy to relieve pain, or improve function, disability, patient satisfaction, and global perceived effect ...
Long Audrey - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Multicentered randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To determine if previously validated low back pain (LBP) subgroups respond differently to contrasting exercise prescriptions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The role of "patient-specific" exercises in managing LBP is controversial. METHODS: A total of 312 acute, subacute, and chronic patients, including LBP-only and ...
Desmond C P - - 2004
Abdominal pain related to exercise, often loosely referred to as 'stitch', is not uncommon, particularly among participants in sports that involve running. The cause of this typically transient pain is poorly understood with several aetiologies proposed including diaphragmatic ischaemia (1, 2). Other gastrointestinal symptoms that are common during prolonged or ...
- - 2004
To estimate the effect of adding exercise classes, spinal manipulation delivered in NHS or private premises, or manipulation followed by exercise to "best care" in general practice for patients consulting with back pain. [See figure]. Pragmatic randomised trial with factorial design. 181 general practices in Medical Research Council General Practice ...
Barker Karen L - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional observational study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if there was an association between wasting of psoas and multifidus as observed on MRI scans and the presenting symptoms, reported pathology, pain, or disability of a cohort of patients presenting with unilateral low back ...
Chen Huei-Mein - - 2004
AIM: This paper presents the findings of a study that assessed the effects of acupressure at the Sanyinjiao point on symptoms of primary dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls. BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhoea is the most common gynaecological disorder among adolescents. Traditional Chinese acupressure derived from acupuncture is a non-invasive technique. Despite renewed interest ...
Mayer Tom G - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized single-blind clinical trial of facet injections plus exercise, versus exercise alone, in chronic disabling work-related lumbar spinal disorders (CDWRLSD), accompanied by pilot interrater reliability and facet syndrome prevalence studies. OBJECTIVES: To systematically investigate the use of facet injections as an adjunct to supervised lumbar stretching exercises ...
Kavcic Natasa - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative biomechanical comparison of seven different lumbar spine "stabilization exercises."OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to quantify lumbar spine stability resulting from the muscle activation patterns measured when performing selected stabilization exercises. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Many exercises are termed "stabilization exercises" for the low back; ...
Boix Fernando - - 2005
To determine the muscular concentration of bradykinin and kallidin during static contraction, microdialysis probes were implanted bilaterally in the trapezius muscles of healthy women. Three hours after probe implantation, 200 microM of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalaprilat were added to the perfusion solution in one of the sides for ...
Weiss Susan - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to compare the objective, subjective, and radiographic responses of patients with carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis (CMCJ-OA) wearing a prefabricated neoprene splint (PFN), which crosses the CMCJ and metacarpophalangeal joint, with those of patients wearing a custom-made thermoplastic short opponens splint (CMT), which crosses only the ...
Skikić Emela Mujić - - 2004
Brunkow exercises starting with dynamic contraction of hands and feet with fixed point on the wrist or/and heal. Dynamic contraction from the beginning, transferring through kinetic chain, leads to isometric contraction of the group of muscles, which has to be included in the exercise. Starting positions determine the group of ...
Glass Jennifer M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Abnormalities of the biological stress response (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the autonomic nervous system) have been identified in both fibromyalgia (FM) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Although these changes have been considered to be partly responsible for symptom expression, we examine an alternative hypothesis that these HPA and autonomic changes ...
Vollenbroek-Hutten Miriam - - 2006
The objective of this explorative study was to investigate to what extent changes in perceived pain, induced by myofeedback training, are correlated to changes in muscle activation patterns. Thirty subjects with work-related myalgia received myofeedback training. Before (T(0)), directly after (T(1)) and 4 weeks or, in a subset of patients, ...
Latimer Amy E - - 2004
For individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI), regular exercise training leads to significant improvements in pain, stress, and depression. The mechanisms by which exercise effects change in these variables are poorly understood. To address this issue, we examined the mediated effects of exercise on the psychological well-being of individuals ...
Whittingham Martin - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of daily patella taping and exercise on pain and function in individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome. BACKGROUND: Patella taping and muscle-strengthening programs are commonly used to treat patellofemoral pain syndrome. There is, however, little evidence for the effectiveness of ...
Pho Cuong - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. OBJECTIVES: To describe a physical therapy program addressing impairments of the upper thoracic and cervical spine region for an individual with a whiplash-associated disorder. BACKGROUND: A 32-year-old female with complaint of diffuse posterior cervical and upper thoracic region pain was evaluated 2 weeks following a ...
van Poppel Mireille N M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To update the evidence on the effectiveness of lumbar supports, education and exercise in the primary prevention of low back pain at the workplace. METHODS: A computerized search for controlled clinical trials published between 1997 and 2002 was conducted, and the methodological quality of the studies was assessed using ...
Nijs Jo - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients who experience pain, a symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), often exhibit kinesiophobia (irrational fear of movement). The purpose of this study was to examine whether pain-related fear of movement is associated with exercise capacity, activity limitations, or participation restrictions in patients with CFS who experience ...
Albert Wayne J - - 2004
This study examined the utility of electromyography and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in assessing m. erector spinae activity during the Biering-Sorensen Back Muscle Endurance (BSME) test. Six men and four women (27.0 +/- 7.1 years of age) performed the BSME test (time = 131.5 +/- 43.5 s). EMG was used to ...
Oleske Denise M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To simultaneously evaluate personal, medical, and job factors that could affect recovery from work-related, low back disorders, specifically focusing on an active working sample. DESIGN: Observational, longitudinal study. SETTING: Two US automotive plants. PARTICIPANTS: Employees (N=352; 289 men, 63 women; mean age +/- standard deviation, 45.1+/-7.5 y) who were ...
Piotte France - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of repeated distension arthrographies combined with a home exercise program on impairments and disability of the upper limb in subjects with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. DESIGN: A total of 15 subjects with idiopathic adhesive capsulitis participated in the ...
Shah Steven N - - 2004
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is an overuse condition affecting primarily active, athletic people. Its etiology is unclear, but several theories have been proposed. The syndrome is characterized by recurrent, often severe muscle compartment pain that occurs with vigorous exercise and subsides with rest. Physical examination usually provides little helpful information. ...
Ohta Toshiyuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A retrospective investigation was conducted to define the clinical features of exercise-induced acute renal failure (ARF) associated with renal hypouricaemia with the aim of clarifying further the clinical features of the disease entity. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to 43 institutions in Japan that had experienced case(s) of exercise-induced ...
Karper William B - - 2004
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a painful bladder condition. Because of a reported link between exercise and pain reduction, a case study analysis was conducted to explore exercise effects on IC. Exercise was provided 3 days per week for 6 months. Two subjects appeared to have benefitted from the program. Implications ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dysfunction remains a frequent complication after neck dissection procedures for head and neck cancer. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the effects of progressive resistance exercise training (PRET) on shoulder dysfunction caused by spinal accessory neurapraxia/neurectomy in patients with head and neck cancer. Twenty patients (mean ...
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