Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 984
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Brenner Alexander Karl - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: A lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LTV) is a congenital anomaly that occurs in 3% to 21% of people with and without low back pain (LBP). There is lack of agreement in the literature as to whether or not the presence of a LTV may cause LBP. ...
Fagade O O - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare the therapeutic effect of paracetamol and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), on post-Intermaxillary Fixation (IMF) trismus, and pain in some Nigerian patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients treated for mandibular fractures with IMF were randomly selected into two groups of ten patients each. After the release of ...
Tak Erwin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE:. Evaluation of an 8-week exercise program with strength training and lifestyle advice for older adults with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Outcome measures were pain, hip function, disability, quality of life (QOL), and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Inclusion criteria for this randomized controlled trial were: age >or=55 years, ...
Lancioni G E - - 2005
This study was a further evaluation of microswitch clusters (combinations of two microswitches) to improve adaptive responding together with correct head position in two persons with multiple disabilities. The two participants were 19.7 and 6.6 yr. old and had profound intellectual disabilities, spastic tetraparesis, and visual impairment. They were initially ...
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas César - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this clinical trial was to evaluate the impact of a 4-month comprehensive protocol of strengthening and flexibility exercises developed by our research group versus conventional exercises for patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) on functional and mobility outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. Forty-five patients diagnosed with AS ...
Koumantakis George A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Determination of the mode of action of new exercise techniques in different back pain populations is lacking. The effectiveness of supplementing an exercise programme with stabilisation exercises concerning physiological and functional parameters in non-specific back pain patients is unknown. METHODS: Randomised controlled trial, comparing a general trunk muscle endurance ...
Shirado Osamu - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To introduce a novel back school for the treatment of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), and to report its clinical results. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although back school is one of the treatment methods for patients with CLBP, its efficacy and ...
Hayden Jill A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy encompasses a heterogeneous group of interventions. There continues to be uncertainty about the most effective exercise approach in chronic low back pain. PURPOSE: To identify particular exercise intervention characteristics that decrease pain and improve function in adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Ruble Stephen B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine thermal pain perception before, 5 minutes after, and 30 minutes after 30 minutes of treadmill exercise at 75% of maximal oxygen uptake (V o 2 max). DESIGN: Repeated-measures. SETTING: Sports science laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 14 healthy male and female volunteers (mean age +/- standard deviation, ...
Austrian Jonathan S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine older persons' willingness to participate in exercise and relaxation programs for managing chronic pain, to identify characteristics associated with willingness to participate, and to ascertain their barriers to participation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A geriatric ambulatory care practice located in New York, New York, and the General ...
Friedrich Martin - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term effect of a combined exercise and motivational program on the level of disability of patients with chronic and recurrent low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is agreement on the importance of exercise during the ...
Lamoth Claudine J C - - 2006
Low back pain (LBP) is often accompanied by changes in gait, such as a decreased (preferred) walking velocity. Previous studies have shown that LBP diminishes the normal velocity-induced transverse counter-rotation between thorax and pelvis, and that it globally affects mean erector spinae (ES) activity. The exact nature and causation of ...
Rajappan K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated economic and clinical effectiveness using troponin as a risk stratification tool in chest pain patients. Those with a positive result are investigated invasively, whilst those with a negative result and ECG are promptly mobilized, facilitating discharge. AIM: To determine whether our use of troponin I (cTnI) ...
Iwamoto Jun - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise may enhance the effect of alendronate on bone mineral density (BMD) and reduce chronic back pain in elderly women with osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether whole-body vibration exercise would enhance the effect of alendronate on lumbar BMD and bone turnover, and ...
Van Dillen Linda R - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the classification, intervention, and outcomes for a patient with lumbar rotation with flexion syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 22-year-old man with a medical diagnosis of low back strain. Impairments in lumbar flexion and right rotation and ...
Lewis Jeremy S - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial with blinded assessment. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical efficacy of 2 active interventions for patients with chronic low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Manual therapy and exercise prescription are treatments frequently prescribed for patients with chronic low back pain. The evidence for the ...
Fujii Tetsunori - - 2005
Bruxism has been suggested as an initiating or perpetuating factor in a certain subgroup of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), however, the exact association between bruxism and TMD remains unclear. This study aimed to demonstrate the difference in responses between bruxism and a subgroup of TMD to a full-arch maxillary stabilization splint ...
Axelsson Paul - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: By radiostereometric analysis (RSA), the intervertebral mobility was measured for the 3 most distal lumbar disc levels in 12 patients at 3 types of standardized provocation: changing body position from supine to standing, supine to standing with load, and supine to sitting. OBJECTIVE: To study the validity and ...
George Steven Z - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Treatment-based classification (TBC) provides matched interventions for patients with acute low back pain (LBP) through key history and clinical findings. This study investigated the discriminant validity of TBC by determining whether commonly used clinical examination variables discriminated among TBC groups. SUBJECTS: The mean age of the 131 ...
Donatell Gabriel J - - 2005
Monitoring compliance with exercise and motivating patients with lower back pain to perform prescribed exercise regimens are considerable tasks. The objective of this study was to develop and test a low-cost device that can be used by a patient at home to both record and provide real-time biofeedback of lumbar ...
Granston A - - 2005
To determine whether motion sickness induced by optokinetic stimulation would trigger migraine-like attacks, 27 migraine sufferers and 23 controls attended the laboratory up to three times at intervals of at least 3 weeks. On one occasion subjects experienced up to 15 min of optokinetic stimulation, followed by three 30-s applications ...
Koumantakis George A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the usefulness of the addition of specific stabilization exercises to a general back and abdominal muscle exercise approach for patients with subacute or chronic nonspecific back pain by comparing a specific muscle stabilization-enhanced general exercise approach with ...
Fowler Neil Edward - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the behavior of the spinal column after loading in participants with and without low back pain (LBP) using spinal shrinkage measurements as a criterion and to analyze the relations among spinal shrinkage, recovery, and LBP. DESIGN: A case-control study with repeated measures. SETTING: University department with recruitment ...
Friel Karen - - 2005
For this study, we compared the physical impairments and functional deficits of individuals with lower-limb amputation (LLA) for those with and without low back pain (LBP). Nineteen participants with LLA were placed into two groups based on visual analog scores of LBP. We assessed functional limitations, iliopsoas length, hamstring length, ...
Kofotolis N - - 2005
AIM: This review, through a survey of the relevant research, examines the role of exercise in the natural course of symptoms in the preventive category, as well as in acute, subacute, chronic and postoperative categories of low back pain. The purpose of this study was to examine the evidence for ...
Harte Sinead - - 2005
The authors report on a 13-year-old boy who, after exercise, had respiratory distress and left upper quadrant abdominal pain. Initially, a mistaken diagnosis of pneumothorax was made, and a chest tube was inserted. A nasogastric tube was then visualized on chest x-ray in the left hemithorax. He underwent a laparotomy ...
Ginn Karen A KA Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia. - - 2005
To compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy aimed at restoring neuromuscular control mechanisms at the shoulder with other conservative interventions for the treatment of chronic shoulder pain with and without accompanying stiffness. Randomized control trial. Patients: A total of 138 volunteers with unilateral shoulder pain of local mechanical origin. Subjects ...
Maul Irina - - 2005
In the last few years, several studies have focused on short-term treatment effects of exercise therapy. However, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the long-term treatment effects recorded after several years. Hence, this study was performed to investigate the short- and long-term effects of supervised physical training on functional ...
Lim Hyun-Ja - - 2005
Relations of habitual exercise and pain, perceived family support, and the quality of life in patients with functional class II for ankylosing spondylitis were explored. In a cross-sectional study perceived pain, family support, and quality of life were compared for 30 patients (23 women and 7 men whose mean age ...
Behm David G - - 2005
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effect of unstable and unilateral resistance exercises on trunk muscle activation. Eleven subjects (6 men and 5 women) between 20 and 45 years of age participated. Six trunk exercises, as well as unilateral and bilateral shoulder and chest presses against ...
Garshasbi A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of exercise during pregnancy on the intensity of low back pain and kinematics of spine. METHOD: A prospective randomized study was designed. 107 women participated in an exercise program three times a week during second half of pregnancy for 12 weeks and 105 as control ...
Lim Hyun-Ja - - 2005
We investigated the effects of home-based daily exercise on joint mobility, functional capacity, pain, and depression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The patients were randomly assigned to a wait-list control group or to an exercise-therapy group. The exercise-therapy group performed a 20-min exercise program once per day for 8 ...
Gagnon, Laura (Laura Kathryn), ...
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Fontana Tania L - - 2005
Patients with low back pain (LBP) often present with impaired proprioception of the lumbopelvic region. For this reason, proprioception training usually forms part of the rehabilitation protocols. New exercise equipment that produces whole body, low frequency vibration (WBV) has been developed to improve muscle function, and reportedly improves proprioception. The ...
Bong Matthew R - - 2005
During exercise, muscular expansion and swelling occur. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome represents abnormally increased compartment pressures and pain in the involved extremity secondary to a noncompliant musculofascial compartment. Most commonly, it occurs in the lower leg, but has been reported in the thigh, foot, upper extremity, and erector spinae musculature. ...
Kim Soo Ji - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music therapy on pain perception of stroke patients during upper extremity joint exercises. Ten stroke patients (1 male and 9 females) ranging in age from 61 to 73 participated in the study. Music conditions used in the study consisted ...
Touzios John G - - 2005
Background. Cholangitis requires bactibilia and increased biliary pressure. Pancreatitis may be initiated by elevated intraductal pressure. The sphincter of Oddi regulates pancreatobiliary pressures and prevents reflux of duodenal contents. However, following biliary bypass or pancreatoduodenectomy, increased intra-abdominal pressure may be transmitted into the bile ducts and/or pancreas. The aim of ...
Chiu Thomas T W - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with single-blind outcome assessments. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a neck exercise program in patients with chronic neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The effect of exercise for patients with chronic neck pain has been investigated in a number of studies. The efficacy ...
Dainoff Marvin J - - 2005
The United States MEPS (musculoskeletal--eyestrain--psychosocial--stress) study consisted of 1 group of 28 female data entry operators. The intervention was in 3 parts: workstation redesign (including advanced ergonomic chairs, motorized adjustable workstations, advanced adjustable keyboards, adjustable copyholders, adjustable footrests, monitor support surfaces) and ergonomic training/coaching and corrective lenses. After the intervention, ...
Filiz Mustafa - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare two different exercise programmes versus a control group, after lumbar disc surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Sixty patients diagnosed as having single level lumbar disc herniation with clinical examination ...
Wajon Anne - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two 6-week splint and exercise regimens for patients with trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis. Forty participants were enrolled in a randomised, controlled clinical trial. The experimental group received a newly designed thumb strap splint and an abduction exercise regimen, whereas the control ...
Engström Lena Oldfors - - 2005
AIMS: This investigation aims to describe patients with longstanding pain who did not complete their participation and/or participated infrequently in physiotherapy (PT) treatment based on their own activity and responsibility, and in addition to understand the phenomenon of adherence from a behavioural theoretical perspective. METHODS: The phenomenon compliance/adherence was studied ...
Maher Chris G - - 2005
While one in ten Australians suffer from chronic low back pain this condition remains extremely difficult to treat. Many contemporary treatments are of unknown value. One potentially useful therapy is the use of motor control exercise. This therapy has a biologically plausible effect, is readily available in primary care and ...
Kay T M - - 2005
Neck disorders are common, limit function, and are costly to individuals and society. Exercise therapy is a commonly used treatment for neck pain. The effectiveness of exercise therapy remains unclear. To assess the effectiveness of exercise therapy to relieve pain, or improve function, disability, patient satisfaction, and global perceived effect ...
Long Audrey - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Multicentered randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To determine if previously validated low back pain (LBP) subgroups respond differently to contrasting exercise prescriptions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The role of "patient-specific" exercises in managing LBP is controversial. METHODS: A total of 312 acute, subacute, and chronic patients, including LBP-only and ...
Desmond C P - - 2004
Abdominal pain related to exercise, often loosely referred to as 'stitch', is not uncommon, particularly among participants in sports that involve running. The cause of this typically transient pain is poorly understood with several aetiologies proposed including diaphragmatic ischaemia (1, 2). Other gastrointestinal symptoms that are common during prolonged or ...
- - 2004
To estimate the effect of adding exercise classes, spinal manipulation delivered in NHS or private premises, or manipulation followed by exercise to "best care" in general practice for patients consulting with back pain. [See figure]. Pragmatic randomised trial with factorial design. 181 general practices in Medical Research Council General Practice ...
Barker Karen L - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional observational study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if there was an association between wasting of psoas and multifidus as observed on MRI scans and the presenting symptoms, reported pathology, pain, or disability of a cohort of patients presenting with unilateral low back ...
Chen Huei-Mein - - 2004
AIM: This paper presents the findings of a study that assessed the effects of acupressure at the Sanyinjiao point on symptoms of primary dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls. BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhoea is the most common gynaecological disorder among adolescents. Traditional Chinese acupressure derived from acupuncture is a non-invasive technique. Despite renewed interest ...
Mayer Tom G - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized single-blind clinical trial of facet injections plus exercise, versus exercise alone, in chronic disabling work-related lumbar spinal disorders (CDWRLSD), accompanied by pilot interrater reliability and facet syndrome prevalence studies. OBJECTIVES: To systematically investigate the use of facet injections as an adjunct to supervised lumbar stretching exercises ...
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