Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1610
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Hellard Philippe - - 2005
The aim of this study was to model the residual effects of training on the swimming performance and to compare a model that includes threshold saturation (MM) with the Banister model (BM). Seven Olympic swimmers were studied over a period of 4 +/- 2 years. For 3 training loads (low-intensity ...
Kakiyama Tetsuji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Short-term endurance exercise training can increase aortic distensibility. The effect of exercise on arterial distensibility, however, may not last long term. PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of short-term exercise training and detraining on aortic distensibility in 10 sedentary young males (21.0 +/- 0.6 yr, mean +/- SE; range 19-24 ...
Carli Franco - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are several studies on the effect of exercise post surgery (rehabilitation), but few studies have looked at augmenting functional capacity prior to surgical admission (prehabilitation). A programme of prehabilitation is proposed in order to enhance functional exercise capacity in elderly patients with the intent to minimize ...
Woolstenhulme Mandy T - - 2005
To investigate the role desmin may play in muscular adaptation to exercise, we measured desmin protein content in the vastus lateralis muscle of seven untrained men in response to 8 weeks of high-intensity cycle training. Training involved 15-s sprints separated by rest for 5 min. Subjects began with four sprints ...
Aldehag Anna Sandin - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate hand function and self-rated occupational performance before and after specific hand training in five participants with myotonic dystrophy (MD) type 1. MD is the commonest of the muscular dystrophies with adult onset and is associated with muscle weakness, wasting and myotonia. Compensatory ...
Rygula Igor - - 2005
This paper shows that extremely important element of forming speed capabilities is proper (quantitative) structure of exercise loads. This means that training means should be chosen from point of view of energy production in metabolic processes, which depends on the structure of training means from the information area and energy ...
Dunstan David W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether improvements in glycemic control and body composition resulting from 6 months of supervised high-intensity progressive resistance training could be maintained after an additional 6 months of home-based resistance training. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a 12-month randomized controlled trial in 36 sedentary, overweight men and ...
Roels Belle - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that intermittent hypoxic interval training improves sea level cycling performance more than equivalent training in hypoxia or normoxia. METHODS: Thirty-three well-trained cyclists and triathletes (25.9 +/- 2.7 yr, VO(2max) 66.1 +/- 6.1 mL.min(-1).kg(-1)) were divided into three groups: intermittent ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2005
This article discusses the effects of training in cardiac rehabilitation and describes the influence of various training modalities on the evolution of exercise capacity in cardiac patients. Both home- and hospital-based studies are analysed separately. From the collected studies, a very heterogeneous character of the content of the rehabilitation programmes ...
Rietjens G J W M - - 2005
The purpose of the study was to investigate whether severe fatigue, possibly leading to overreaching, could be diagnosed at an early stage by a combination of parameters. Seven well-trained male subjects (age [mean +/- SD]: 25.3 +/- 4.7 yr; body mass: 76 +/- 6.6 kg; VO2max: 61.1 +/- 7 ml.kg(-1).min(-1)) ...
El-Sayed Mahmoud S - - 2005
Disruption of the normal rheological properties of blood is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and plays a significant role in the aetiology of atherothrombogenesis. The acute increase in whole blood viscosity may unfavourably affect the microcirculatory blood flow and oxygen delivery to the tissues. It is universally ...
Izquierdo Mikel - - 2005
The effects of a 16-week training period (2 days per week) of resistance training alone (upper- and lower-body extremity exercises) (S), endurance training alone (cycling exercise) (E), or combined resistance (once weekly) and endurance (once weekly) training (SE) on muscle mass, maximal strength (1RM) and power of the leg and ...
Taivassalo Tanja - - 2004
Whether regular exercise is beneficial or should be avoided is a question currently unsettled in patients with heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) disorders of skeletal muscle. Deleterious effects of habitual physical inactivity superimposed upon impaired mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation may contribute to varying degrees of exercise intolerance in these patients. Endurance exercise ...
Chennaoui Mounir - - 2004
The aim of this study was to examine hormonal and metabolic changes in a group of 18 professional male cyclists ((.)VO(2)max 69.9 [95 % CI 64.9 to 74.9] mL x kg(-1) x min(-1) ) during two successive periods of adapted intensive training. The second training period included 4 days of ...
Doutreleau Stèphane - - 2004
Short-term survival is no longer the pivotal issue after heart transplantation but, most heart-transplant (Htx) patients still present with increased circulating endothelin-1 (ET) and reduced exercise capacity. ET-1 limits both exercise-induced vasodilation and blood flow redistribution toward acting muscles and might be accessible to training. This study was performed to ...
Maeda Seiji - - 2004
Vascular endothelial cells produce nitric oxide (NO), which is a potent vasodilator substance and is thought to have antiatherosclerotic properties. Therefore, it has also been proposed that NO may be useful to regulate vascular tonus and prevent progression of atherosclerosis. On the other hand, NO activity reduces with aging. We ...
Katayama Keisho - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to elucidate the effect of short-arm centrifuge-induced artificial gravity with exercise training during ground-based simulated spaceflight, i.e., prolonged head-down bed rest (HDBR), on respiratory and cardiovascular responses to upright exercise. METHODS: There were 10 healthy men who underwent 20 d of -6 degrees HDBR, and ...
Kraemer William J - - 2004
The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of high intensity endurance training (ET) and resistance training (RT) alone and in combination on various military tasks. Thirty-five male soldiers were randomly assigned to one of four training groups: total body resistance training plus endurance training (RT + ET), ...
Sugawara Jun - - 2004
Regular aerobic exercise training attenuates age-related reduction in central arterial compliance, an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. We tested the hypothesis that even low-intensity exercise training could increase central arterial compliance in postmenopausal women. Using B-mode ultrasound, we studied the central arterial compliance of 15 postmenopausal females (age: 52-66 ...
Guerra Isabela I Human Nutrition, Postgraduate Course - PRONUT, University of São Paulo , - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink on soccer performance. Twenty soccer players volunteered to participate in the study. Players were allocated to two assigned trials according to their positional roles in the team: CHO group (ingesting a 6% carbohydrate-electrolyte solution at regular ...
Vinet Agnès - - 2005
Cardiovascular adaptations to training may include changes in arterial distensibility, although studies involving sick and healthy individuals have yielded contradictory results. Moreover, despite the fact that endurance training frequently begins in childhood, its influence on arterial distensibility is less well characterised in children. This study was therefore to compare the ...
Maeda Seiji - - 2004
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), which is produced by vascular endothelial cells, has potent vasoconstrictor and proliferative activity in vascular smooth muscle cells, and therefore has been implicated in regulation of vascular tonus and progression of atherosclerosis. We recently demonstrated that the plasma ET-1 concentration was significantly decreased by aerobic exercise training in ...
Schulz Karl-Heinz - - 2004
In recent years it has become clear that multiple sclerosis (MS) patients benefit from physical exercise as performed in aerobic training but little is known about the effect on functional domains and physiological factors mediating these effects. We studied immunological, endocrine and neurotrophic factors as well as coordinative function and ...
Whitham M - - 2004
The purpose of the current research was to test the hypothesis that exercise induced leukocyte heat shock protein (HSP) expression is increased during periods of intensified exercise training. Seven male endurance cyclists carried out tests of maximal oxygen consumption and endurance capacity. These standard exercise tests were carried out prior ...
Priviero Fernanda - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potency and maximal responses (E(max)) to the adenosine receptor agonists N(6)-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA), N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA) and N(6)-(3-iodobenzyl)-5'-N-methylcarbaxamidoadenosine (IB-MECA) in right atria from trained rats. We also investigated the interaction between the training bradycardia and the sensitivity of the chronotropic response mediated ...
Delecluse Christophe - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although health-related benefits of fitness training in older men are well established, it is not clear yet which mode and intensity of a exercise program is most effective. This study addresses whether the combination of endurance (ED) and resistance training in older men have supplementary health-related benefits in addition ...
Thielman Gergory T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of 2 rehabilitative approaches for improving paretic limb reaching by chronic stroke subjects. DESIGN: Pre- and posttest reaching to targets ipsilateral, midline, and contralateral to the impaired side. SETTING: Training in subjects' homes; testing in a laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve poststroke volunteers were matched using ...
Matsakas Antonis - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Endothelin, a natural peptide exhibiting potent vasoconstrictor activity, may play a crucial role in cardiovascular disease. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of an aerobic exercise bout on plasma ET levels in trained and untrained subjects. MATERIAL/METHODS: Nine healthy physically active males and nine ...
Hansen Anne K - - 2005
Low muscle glycogen content has been demonstrated to enhance transcription of a number of genes involved in training adaptation. These results made us speculate that training at a low muscle glycogen content would enhance training adaptation. We therefore performed a study in which seven healthy untrained men performed knee extensor ...
Veeneklaas R J - - 2004
In semiarid parts of Africa animal traction is still one of the most reliable sources for rural work power. However, draught animals have to produce most of their work power at an unfavourable moment of the year that is at the end of the dry season when feedlot is scare. ...
Stein Joel - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether incorporating progressive resistive training into robot-aided exercise training provides incremental benefits over active-assisted robot-aided exercise for the upper limb after stroke. DESIGN: A total of 47 individuals at least 1 yr poststroke were enrolled in this 6-wk training protocol. Paretic upper limb motor abilities were ...
Barnett C - - 2004
In order to examine the influence of sprint training on metabolism and exercise performance during sprint exercise, 16 recreationally-active, untrained, men (VO2peak= 3.8+/-0.1 l.min(-1)) were randomly assigned to either a training (n= 8) or control group (n= 8). Each subject performed a 30-sec cycle sprint and a test to measure ...
Ueshima Kenji - - 2004
We conducted a questionnaire survey regarding quality of life (QOL) to evaluate the effects of exercise training on the QOL in patients with valvular heart disease after surgery. This study included 64 consecutive patients who underwent heart surgery. They were divided into two groups: exercise training could (EX(+) group, n ...
Robert G - - 2004
The main purpose of this study was to identify whether a lot of sports training had any effect on the balance control associated with a leg movement. The nature of the training experience was also an important concern and we chose subject who had undergone specific training experience in absence ...
Pincivero D M - - 2004
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of rest interval on quadriceps femoris muscle activation and perceived exertion, during short-term resistance training. METHODS: Vastus medialis (VM) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscle electromyograms (EMG) were assessed in 15 males during a sustained 80% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). ...
Spencer M - - 2004
Repeated-sprint ability is thought to be an important fitness component of team sports. However, little is known about the effect sport-specific training has on this fitness component. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of field-hockey specific training on repeated-sprint ability, plasma hypoxanthine (Hx) concentration and ...
Edwards A M - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine whether 4 weeks of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) would be accompanied by alteration in cardiopulmonary fitness as assessed through moderate intensity oxygen uptake (V(.)O(2)) kinetics and maximal aerobic power (V(.)O(2max)). Eighteen healthy males agreed to participate in the study [training group (Tra) ...
Shields Casie L - - 2004
Moderate intensity training induces health benefits, but its influence on thermoregulatory responses during exercise in a warm environment is unclear. Twelve inactive men (mean age 24.0 +/- 6.5 yrs) underwent exercise heat tests, and peak VO2 tests, before and after a moderate training program (n= 8) or no training intervention ...
Bjarnason-Wehrens B - - 2004
Aerobic endurance training has been an integral component of the international recommendations for cardiac rehabilitation for more than 30 years. Notwithstanding, only in recent years have recommendations for a dynamic resistance-training program been cautiously put forward. The perceived increased risk of cardiovascular complications related to blood pressure elevations are the ...
Rankin Janet Walberg - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Athletes are interested in nutritional manipulations that may enhance lean tissue gains stimulated by resistance training. Some research demonstrates that acute consumption of food containing protein causes superior muscle protein synthesis compared to isoenergetic foods without protein. This benefit has not been verified in longer-term training studies. We compared ...
Eto Yoko - - 2004
End-tidal CO2 partial pressure (PETCO2) has been suggested as a noninvasive index reflecting cardiac output under constant ventilation. The aim of this study was to examine whether PETCO2 does reflect cardiac output, even during exercise, in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing exercise training early after onset. Method and ...
Peijie Chen - - 2004
The effects of chronic endurance training and acute exercise on glucocorticoid receptors were investigated in rats. For chronic endurance training, rats were exposed to progressive running training on a motor-driven treadmill for 3, 5 and 7 weeks, twice a day and 6 days a week. The samples were taken, 34-36 ...
van Dam K G - - 2004
We determined the oxygen isotope fractionation in expired alveolar gas relative to inspired air (delta(A-I)) in eight young, healthy subjects at rest and at five levels of exercise up to maximal workload both before and after a training period of about 4 weeks which increased maximum oxygen uptake by about ...
Kovacs Emily J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of a neuromuscular training program and a basic exercise program on postural control in figure skaters. DESIGN: Two groups; parallel design; prospective, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Postural control laboratory, arenas, September 2001 to December 2002. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four young, healthy figure skaters (18 years +/- 3 ...
Cheung Joseph Y - - 2004
Exercise training instituted after myocardial infarction improves many steps involved in cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. Focusing on Na/Caexchange, current controversies regarding whether it mediates Cainflux during an action potential, whether it is increased or decreased in disease models, whether protein kinase A alters its activity, and whether exercise training affects its ...
Vanhees Luc - - 2004
AIMS: Little research exists on exercise performance and training in patients with an implemented cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) and only in a limited number of patients. This study aims to investigate the effect of exercise training in ICD patients in comparison to the effects in other cardiac patients without an ICD. ...
Mitchell Todd W - - 2004
We have determined the effect of two exercise-training intensities on the phospholipid profile of both glycolytic and oxidative muscle fibers of female Sprague-Dawley rats using electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry. Animals were randomly divided into three training groups: control, which performed no exercise training; low-intensity (8 m/min) treadmill running; or high-intensity (28 ...
Barbier Julie - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Physical training is known to alter several cardiovascular parameters. These adaptations are for a great part linked to an alteration of the myocardial responses to its autonomic nervous regulation. To further explain the parasympathetic and catecholamine effects, we hypothesized that endurance training could modify rat myocardial beta1, beta2, beta3 ...
Egaña M - - 2004
AIM: Despite the growing popularity in recent years of the elliptical trainer aerobic exercise modality the physiological changes induced following a training program using elliptical trainers remains unknown. The present study investigated the metabolic and cardiorespiratory improvements following a 12-week aerobic training program using elliptical trainer, treadmill or stair-climbing modalities. ...
Smart Neil - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of exercise training and its effects on outcomes in patients with heart failure. METHODS: MEDLINE, Medscape, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry were searched for trials of exercise training in heart failure patients. Data relating to training protocol, exercise capacity, and outcome measures were extracted ...
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