Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1607
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Richter Bernhard - - 2005
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) are directly involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by modulation of oxidative stress and/or NO bioavailability. We aimed to assess whether endurance exercise which is known to be cardioprotective could beneficially affect these novel risk markers. Thirty-two subjects (31-68 yrs, 56% ...
Taivassalo Tanja - - 2005
The intriguing concept of exercise training as therapy for mitochondrial disease is currently unsettled: in the unique setting of mitochondrial heteroplasmy, what are the effects of chronic exercise on skeletal muscle containing a mixture of mutated and wild-type mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)? Furthermore, what are the consequences of habitual physical inactivity ...
Darainy Mohammad M Department of Biomedical Engineering, AmirKabir University of Technology, Tehran, 15875-4413, - - 2006
Previous studies have shown that the nervous system can produce anticipatory adjustments that alter the mechanical behavior of the arm in order to resist environmental disturbances. In the present paper, we focus on the ability of subjects to transfer acquired stiffness patterns to other parts of the workspace and on ...
Cook Jill N - - 2006
Regular endurance exercise increases central arterial compliance, whereas resistance training decreases it. It is not known how the vasculature adapts to a combination of endurance and resistance training. Rowing is unique, because its training encompasses endurance- and strength-training components. We used a cross-sectional study design to determine arterial compliance of ...
Edge Johann - - 2006
We examined changes in muscle buffer capacity (beta m(in vitro)), VO2peak and the lactate threshold (LT) after 5 weeks of high-intensity interval training (INT) above the LT or moderate-intensity continuous training (CON) just below the LT. Prior to and immediately after training, 16 female subjects performed a graded exercise test ...
Kargotich Stephen - - 2005
Glutamine responses to strenuous interval exercise were examined before and after 6 weeks of endurance training. Glutamine measures were obtained before and after the interval exercise sessions and training in untrained males assigned to training (T; n = 10) or control (C; n = 10) groups. Before training, C and ...
Hintzy Frédérique - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate different efficiency indices, i.e., gross (GE: no baseline correction), net (NE: resting metabolism as baseline correction), and work (WE: unloaded exercise as baseline correction), to reveal the effect of endurance training on mechanical efficiency. Nine healthy sedentary women undertook an incremental test ...
Porszasz Janos - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that endurance exercise training would reduce the degree of hyperinflation for a given level of exercise and thereby improve submaximal exercise endurance. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with COPD (mean FEV(1), 36.4 +/- 8.5% of predicted [+/- SD]) undertook a high-intensity cycle ergometer exercise training program for 45 ...
Le Bris S - - 2006
No study has reported the long term effects of cardiac rehabilitation, concerning the duration of beneficial effects of training program. The present study analyzed the influence of training session frequency on long-term beneficial effects in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation. Four patients with CAD ...
Slørdahl Stig A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines for treatment of intermittent claudication (IC) do not include a specific recommendation for the intensity of exercise therapy. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine the relative effectiveness of high versus low intensity exercise for patients with IC, and further to study the effect of ...
Cejudo Pilar - - 2005
Patients with mitochondrial myopathies (MM) usually suffer from exercise intolerance due to their impaired oxidative capacity and physical deconditioning. We evaluated the effects of a 12-week supervised randomized rehabilitation program involving endurance training in patients with MM. Twenty MM patients were assigned to a training or control group. For three ...
Stewart Laura K - - 2005
The influence of an exercise training program and age on inflammatory cytokine production and CD14+cell-surface expression of toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was examined in 60 younger and older subjects. Subjects were assigned to: young physically active (YPA, n = 15; 25.2 +/- 5.0 years), young ...
Mador M Jeffery - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle endurance training (hyperpnea training) has been shown to have beneficial effects in patients with COPD. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether hyperpnea training, when added to an endurance exercise training program, would lead to additional benefits compared with endurance training alone in ...
Shaw B S BS Department of Sport and Physical Rehabilitation Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South - - 2005
Coronary artery disease (CAD) represents a major medical problem in Western society and is a considerable cause of morbidity and mortality in South Africa. In recent years, epidemiologists have made extensive efforts to define the most common risk factors for CAD and propose preventative measures to limit the spread of ...
Fatouros I G - - 2005
Adiponectin and leptin are closely related to weight control and energy balance, whereas exercise affects elderly metabolic regulation and functional capacity. The objective of this study was to investigate leptin and adiponectin responses in elderly males after exercise training and detraining. The study design was a 1-yr randomized controlled trial. ...
Chtara M - - 2005
AIM: To examine the effects of the sequencing order of individualised intermittent endurance training combined with muscular strengthening on aerobic performance and capacity. METHODS: Forty eight male sport students (mean (SD) age 21.4 (1.3) years) were divided into five homogeneous groups according to their maximal aerobic speeds (vV*o2max). Four groups ...
Jafari A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: According to the theory of mitochondrial aging, oxidative stress plays a major role in aging and age related degenerative diseases. Since oxygen consumption and reactive oxygen species rate increase during aerobic exercise, we hypothesised that heavy aerobic training could lead to enhanced mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion in postmitotic tissues, ...
Le Foll-de Moro Déborah - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a wheelchair interval-training program on the ventilatory function of subjects with recent spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Evaluation trial before and after a training program. SETTING: Center of reeducation and university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Six subjects (5 men, 1 woman) hospitalized after a recent SCI. ...
Tse Michael A - - 2005
The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a core endurance exercise protocol. Forty-five college-age rowers (age 21 +/- 1.0) were assigned to either a core training group [core group] (n = 25), which took part in a core endurance intervention exercise protocol, or to a control ...
Guerrero Karen - - 2005
Mechanisms responsible for limitation of exercise capacity in lung transplant recipients (LR) and benefits gained by exercise training were studied. Mitochondrial respiration parameters, energy transfer, and cell structure were assessed in vastus lateralis biopsies using the permeabilized fiber technique with histochemical and morphometric measurements. Twelve male controls (C) and 12 ...
Ascensão António - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies analysing the effect of endurance training on heart mitochondrial function submitted to in vitro anoxia-reoxygenation (A-R) are missing. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of moderate endurance treadmill training (14 weeks) against rat heart mitochondrial dysfunction induced by in vitro A-R. METHODS: Respiratory parameters (state 3, ...
Suzuki Junichi - - 2005
This study was designed to examine whether dietary L-arginine supplementation modulates exercise-induced angiogenesis and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in female Wistar rats. Exercise training (running) lasted for 6 weeks at 25 m min-1 on a 20% gradient for 10-60 min day-1. Rats in the L-arginine-treated groups drank water ...
Fujitsuka Satoshi - - 2005
It is well known that sports and physical exercise affect the hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations; however, the factors affecting the hematological changes after intense exercise are still not fully elucidated. In the present study, we examined the hematological and biochemical parameters of nine young male soldiers participating in a 12-week ranger ...
Perry Christopher G R - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether training in a hyperoxic environment would result in greater increases in VO2max and performance at 90% VO2max as compared with training in normoxia. METHODS: In a single blind design nine athletes trained for 6 wk on a cycle ergometer 3 d.wk(-1), 1 h.d(-1) (10 x 4-min ...
Matheson Rittenhouse D - - 2006
This paper demonstrates the ability of a fully connected feed forward neural network (FFNN) using the backpropagation training algorithm to predict the electromyography (EMG) signal from eight muscles of the shoulder for both exercises not used for training and EMG signals from subjects not used for training. The network showed ...
Parcell Allen C - - 2005
PURPOSE: The present investigation examined single-fiber MHC alterations in response to high-intensity, short-duration, sprint cycle training. METHODS: Ten untrained college-age male subjects participated in 8 wk of a progressive sprint cycle training program. Training involved 15-s maximal sprints separated by 5 min of rest beginning with four sprints x 2 ...
Wells Gregory D - - 2005
The efficiency of the respiratory system presents significant limitations on the body's ability to perform exercise due to the effects of the increased work of breathing, respiratory muscle fatigue, and dyspnoea. Respiratory muscle training is an intervention that may be able to address these limitations, but the impact of respiratory ...
Ziada Amal M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether combined treatment with lisinopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and exercise training would have an additive effect in enhancing the capillary supply of the left ventricular (LV) myocardium in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). DESIGN: Twelve-week-old male SHR were divided into four groups (10-12 each): sedentary, sedentary ...
Griffin Lisa - - 2005
During the first few weeks of isometric resistance training there is an increase in maximal muscle force output that cannot be accounted for by muscle hypertrophy. Early on, researchers postulated the existence of neural adaptations to training primarily through the use of surface electromyographic recordings. More recent evidence also suggests ...
Hepburn H - - 2005
Heart rate variability (HRV) at rest and heart rate recovery after exercise reflect cardiac vagal activity. The aim of this study was to determine whether increasing HRV during involuntary respiratory training induced by rebreathing air using a Hepburn heart and lung exerciser (HHALE) could, like exercise, improve vagal tone. Eighteen ...
Braith Randy W - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of resistance exercise in reversing skeletal muscle myopathy in heart transplant recipients. Myopathy, engendered by both heart failure and immunosuppression with glucocorticoids, is a post-transplant complication. The sequelae of myopathic disease includes fiber-type shifts and deficits in aerobic metabolic capability. ...
Okazaki Kazunobu - - 2005
Aging results in marked abnormalities of cardiovascular regulation. Regular exercise can improve many of these age-related abnormalities. However, it remains unclear how much exercise is optimal to achieve this improvement or whether the elderly can ever improve autonomic control by exercise training to a degree similar to that observed in ...
Moe Ingvild T - - 2005
Endothelial function is reduced by age, chronic heart failure, coronary artery disease, hypertension or type 2 diabetes, and it is shown that aerobic exercise may reverse this trend. The effect of a high aerobic training status on endothelial function in young, healthy subjects is however less clear. The present study ...
Daskapan Arzu - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was planned to compare the outcomes between supervised and home-based exercise training in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Department of Physical Therapy in Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine, Turkey between 2000 and 2001. Twenty-two patients with stable chronic heart failure ...
Messonnier Laurent - - 2005
The objective of the present study was to relate changes in certain muscle characteristics and indicators of metabolism in response to endurance training to the concomitant changes in time to exhaustion (T(lim)) at a work rate corresponding to maximal oxygen uptake VO(2speak). Eight healthy sedentary subjects pedalled on a cycle ...
Kemi Ole J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines are controversial regarding exercise intensity in cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation. Although high-intensity training induces larger increases in fitness and maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)), moderate intensity is often recommended as equally effective. Controlled preclinical studies and randomized clinical trials are required to determine whether regular exercise at moderate ...
Hernandez Juliane P - - 2005
Aging and chronic exercise training influence leg venous compliance. Venous compliance affects responses to an orthostatic stress. The extent to which exercise training in a previously sedentary older population will affect venous compliance and tolerance to the simulated orthostatic stress of maximal lower body negative pressure (LBNP) is unknown. The ...
Mimura Jun - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Exercise training has been shown to favorably affect the prognosis after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but the mechanisms of such favorable effects remain speculative. The aim of this study was to determine whether exercise training improves baroreflex control of heart rate and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in ...
Terblanche E - - 2005
This study investigated the effect of a backward training program on the physical and fitness condition of young women. Twenty-six healthy female university students (aged 18 - 23 years) took part in three different baseline tests: body composition, a submaximal treadmill test, and a 20-m shuttle run test. Subjects were ...
Vervuert I - - 2005
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of draught load exercise on calcium (Ca) homeostasis in young horses. Five 2-year-old untrained Standardbred horses were studied in a 4-month training programme. All exercise workouts were performed on a treadmill at a 6% incline and with a constant draught load of ...
Niebauer Josef - - 2005
In chronic heart failure, oxidative stress is thought to lead to endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we assessed the effect of home-based exercise training on variables of the NO and purine pathways. Eighteen patients and nine controls were randomly assigned in cross-over design to 8 weeks of exercise training (5 ...
ChwalbiƄska-Moneta J - - 2005
Twelve male, sedentary volunteers (22.0 +/-) were submitted to three weeks of a bicycle ergometer training, consisting of 45 min exercise (at 70% VO2max), 4 times in the first week and 3 times in the next 2 weeks. They performed four incremental exercise tests with the power output increased by ...
Averink Marije - - 2005
In this study, the effect of response restriction as a method to establish diurnal bladder control was assessed with 40 participants with moderate and severe levels of mental handicap. Being an extension of a previous study [Am. J. Mental Retard. 106 (2001) 209], the significant decrease of the mean number ...
Schrauwen P - - 2005
AIM: The mitochondrial uncoupling protein-3 (UCP3) is able to lower the proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane, thereby uncoupling substrate oxidation from ATP production and dissipating energy as heat. What the effect of endurance training on UCP3 is, is still controversial. Endurance-trained athletes are characterized by lower levels of ...
Esteve-Lanao Jonathan - - 2005
PURPOSE: To quantify the relationship between total training load and running performance during the most important competitions of the season (national cross-country championships, 4.175- and 10.130-km races). METHODS: Eight well-trained, subelite endurance runners (age (mean+/-SD): 23+/-2 yr; VO2max: 70.0+/-7.3 mL.kg.min) performed a maximal cardiorespiratory exercise test before the training period ...
Reuveny Ronen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: One mechanism that may limit training effect in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the ventilatory limitation and associated dyspnea. OBJECTIVES: To minimize ventilatory limitation during training of patients with severe COPD by applying bi-level positive pressure ventilation during training in order to augment training intensity (and effect). METHODS: The ...
Winker Robert - - 2005
Orthostatic intolerance is a syndrome characterized by chronic orthostatic symptoms of light-headedness, fatigue, nausea, orthostatic tachycardia, and aggravated norepinephrine levels while standing. The aim of this study was to assess the protective effect of exercise endurance training on orthostatic symptoms and to examine its usefulness in the treatment of orthostatic ...
Hellard Philippe - - 2005
The aim of this study was to model the residual effects of training on the swimming performance and to compare a model that includes threshold saturation (MM) with the Banister model (BM). Seven Olympic swimmers were studied over a period of 4 +/- 2 years. For 3 training loads (low-intensity ...
Kakiyama Tetsuji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Short-term endurance exercise training can increase aortic distensibility. The effect of exercise on arterial distensibility, however, may not last long term. PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of short-term exercise training and detraining on aortic distensibility in 10 sedentary young males (21.0 +/- 0.6 yr, mean +/- SE; range 19-24 ...
Carli Franco - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are several studies on the effect of exercise post surgery (rehabilitation), but few studies have looked at augmenting functional capacity prior to surgical admission (prehabilitation). A programme of prehabilitation is proposed in order to enhance functional exercise capacity in elderly patients with the intent to minimize ...
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