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Ingle Lee - - 2006
Complex training, a combination of resistance training and plyometrics is growing in popularity, despite limited support for its efficacy. In pre- and early pubertal children, the study of complex training has been limited, and to our knowledge an examination of its effect on anaerobic performance characteristics of the upper and ...
Garcin M - - 2006
The purpose of the present investigation was to compare the content of 8 weeks of training in young endurance-trained male and female runners and study the potential impact of this training content on performance. Fourteen men and 11 women performed two criterion exercises until exhaustion on an outdoor track before ...
Zlomanczuk P - - 2006
Several lines of evidence suggest that physical exercise not only influences the development of muscles, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, but also exerts a significant influence on the central nervous system. We examined the influence of strength and endurance training on cognitive performance in 33 healthy elderly volunteers (women, mean age ...
Broman Gi - - 2006
Deep water running with wet vest is a safe form of exercise for elderly with mobility limitations. However, it is not known to what extent their aerobic power may be improved. Therefore, the aim was to assess the effects of high intensity deep water interval training with vest in elderly ...
Gjøvaag Terje F - - 2006
Forty untrained persons were randomized to four different training protocols that exercised the m. triceps brachii. Group 1 and 2 performed high intensity (HI) elbow extensions and group 3 and 4 performed low intensity (LI) elbow extensions. Group 1 and 3 trained until they had accumulated a matching high volume ...
Griffin L - - 2007
During the first few weeks of resistance training, maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force increases at a faster rate than can be accounted for by increases in protein synthesis. This early increase in MVC force has been attributed to neural mechanisms but the sources have not been identified. The purpose of ...
McCord Jennifer L - - 2006
In sedentary individuals, H(1) receptors mediate the early portion of postexercise skeletal muscle hyperemia, whereas H(2) receptors mediate the later portion. It is not known whether postexercise hyperemia also presents in endurance-trained individuals. We hypothesized that the postexercise skeletal muscle hyperemia would also exist in endurance-trained individuals and that combined ...
Rivero J L - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: The influence of relevant exercise parameters such as intensity and duration of exercise on the muscular response to training has not been reported in Thoroughbreds. This knowledge may be of great value in practice. OBJECTIVE: To define the relative contribution of the intensity and duration of ...
Moalla Wassim - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Diminished aerobic capacity and weakness of both respiratory and peripheral muscles have been observed in cardiac patients and may contribute to exercise limitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a home-based training programme on aerobic fitness and oxygenation of the respiratory muscles in children ...
Langfort Józef - - 2006
1. The effect was examined of a single bout of nonexhaustive endurance exercise on tryptophan (Try), serotonin (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA), and tryptophan hydroxylase (TpH) levels in different parts of rat brain (brain cortex, cerebellum, hypothalamus, midbrain striatum, medulla) on the last day of endurance training and 48 h later ...
Kao Andrew - - 2006
The predominant benefits of exercise training in systolic heart failure have been seen with aerobic training, although some information exists for the beneficial effects of resistive training as well. Although men clearly benefit from exercise training, the effects of exercise in women are less clear. Most of the studies have ...
Meyer Tim - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Due to occupational restrictions many people's recreational endurance activities are confined to the weekends. We intended to clarify if cumulating the training load in such a way diminishes endurance gains. DESIGN: We conducted a longitudinal study comparing training-induced changes within three independent samples. METHODS: Thirty-eight healthy untrained participants (45+/-8 ...
Baragli P - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Catecholamines (CAT) play an important role in modulating the response to exercise. But the kinetics of CAT changes during exercise are difficult to study due to their short biological half-life. OBJECTIVES: Learning about variations in plasma CAT levels during training could furnish new information regarding sweating, ...
Gibala Martin J - - 2006
Brief, intense exercise training may induce metabolic and performance adaptations comparable to traditional endurance training. However, no study has directly compared these diverse training strategies in a standardized manner. We therefore examined changes in exercise capacity and molecular and cellular adaptations in skeletal muscle after low volume sprint-interval training (SIT) ...
Hawley John A - - 2006
Training and nutrition are highly interrelated in that optimal adaptation to the demands of repeated training sessions typically requires a diet that can sustain muscle energy reserves. As nutrient stores (i.e. muscle and liver glycogen) play a predominant role in the performance of prolonged, intense, intermittent exercise typical of the ...
Burke Louise M - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the results of new investigations that look at the efficacy of nutrient/training strategies on metabolism and athletic performance. RECENT FINDINGS: 'Dietary periodization' involves the manipulation of macronutrient intake in association with changes in physical training. Such interventions have a major effect on altering patterns of ...
Charles M - - 2006
AIM: Exercise training is a strong stimulus for vascular remodelling and could restore age-induced vascular alterations. The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that an increase in vascular bed filtration capacity would corroborate microvascular adaptation with training. METHODS: We quantified (1) microvascularization from vastus lateralis muscle biopsy ...
Hegbom Finn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A randomised study was conducted to determine if short-term exercise training in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) might improve symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: AF patients (64+/-7 years) were randomised to exercise training (n=15) or a 2-month control period (n=15) followed by an exercise training ...
Jeppesen Tina D - - 2006
Exercise intolerance is a prominent symptom in patients with mitochondrial myopathy (MM), but it is still unsettled whether exercise training is safe and beneficial for patients with MM. To address this, we studied the effect of 12 weeks cycle training on exercise capacity, quality of life and underlying molecular and ...
Pogliaghi S - - 2006
The effect in healthy elderly subjects of cycle ergometer or arm ergometer training on peak oxygen consumption (VO(2peak)) and ventilatory threshold (VT) was studied. The aim was to determine the benefit of each training modality on specific and cross exercise capacity. The cross-effect was also evaluated as an index of ...
Helge Jørn Wulff - - 2006
During exercise, triacylglycerol (TG) is recruited in skeletal muscles. We hypothesized that both muscle hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) activity and TG recruitment would be higher in trained than in untrained subjects in response to prolonged exercise. Healthy male subjects (26 +/- 1 years, body moss index 23.3 +/- 0.5 kg m(-2)), ...
Hue O - - 2007
The tropical climate imposes a high level of physiological stress during exercise. As a result of this stress, adaptations may be induced and could benefit athletes upon return to a neutral climate. To test this hypothesis, climate effects on swimming performance were assessed in 16 swimmers: 6 trained for 8 ...
Tordi Nicolas - - 2006
Exercise training improves arterial compliance due to increases in blood flow to skeletal muscle during repeated bouts of daily exercise. The effect of resuming training on arterial stiffness in previously well-trained subjects is poorly documented. Hence, the purpose of this study was to determine the vascular effects induced by return ...
Nazar K - - 2006
Endurance training is considered as a factor impairing orthostatic tolerance although an improvement and lack of effect have been also reported. The mechanisms of the changes and their relation to initial tolerance of orthostasis are not clear. In the present study, effect of moderate running training on hemodynamic and neurohormonal ...
Libonati Joseph R - - 2006
PURPOSE: The present study examined whether exercise training could increase survival in a rodent model of salt-sensitive hypertension. METHODS: Male, inbred Dahl salt-sensitive rats arriving at 8 wk of age were randomly divided into a sedentary control group (N = 5) or an exercise-trained group (N = 8). Exercise training ...
Edge Johann - - 2006
This study determined the effects of altering the H(+) concentration during interval training, by ingesting NaHCO(3) (Alk-T) or a placebo (Pla-T), on changes in muscle buffer capacity (beta m), endurance performance, and muscle metabolites. Pre- and posttraining peak O(2) uptake (V(O2 peak)), lactate threshold (LT), and time to fatigue at ...
Chu Danny P K - - 2006
The purposes of this study are to determine the optimal cadence of individuals and to subsequently determine the effectiveness of the augmented feedback training program on cadence technique modification. Eighteen physically active subjects, 14 males and 4 females who are aged 18 to 23, were the volunteer subjects of the ...
Fink Andreas - - 2006
Cortical activity in the human electroencephalogram alpha band was measured (by means of an event-related approach) in a pre- and a post-test (with intermediate training) while participants (n = 30) were confronted with divergent thinking tasks. Half of the participants received a divergent thinking training (over a time period of ...
Probst V S - - 2006
Exercise training is an essential component of pulmonary rehabilitation. However, the cardiopulmonary stress imposed during different modalities of exercise training is not yet known. In the present study, the cardiopulmonary stress of a 12-week exercise training programme in 11 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients (forced expiratory volume in one ...
de Mello Franco Fábio Gazelato - - 2006
The effect of home-based exercise training on neurovascular control in heart failure patients is unknown. To test the hypothesis that home-based training would maintain the reduction in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and forearm vascular resistance (FVR) acquired after supervised training. Twenty-nine patients (54+/-1.9 years, EF<40%) were randomised into two ...
Taaffe Dennis R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, the age related decline in muscle mass, is associated with a reduction in muscle function, physical performance, quality of life, and loss of independence. Exercise, specifically resistance (weight) training, has been shown to be an effective countermeasure, arresting decline and substantially improving physical function. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews ...
Murray A - - 2006
Chronic aerobic exercise lowers blood pressure (BP), peripheral resistance and cardiac work, and is used widely in antihypertensive and cardiac rehabilitation programmes. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the cardiovascular benefits of training would occur progressively over several weeks and would diminish over a similar time course on ...
Botcazou M - - 2006
Training is well known to influence catecholamine responses to exercise. In women, this training effect is still not well characterized and has been studied mostly in adults. Hence, we investigated in this longitudinal study, the effects of a 6-month sprint training program followed by 5 months of detraining on plasma ...
Gainutdinova T Kh - - 2006
We report here a study of the effects of blockade of protein synthesis with anisomycin during reactivation of a contextual conditioned reflex in the common snail. The amplitudes of the defensive reactions of snails to standard tactile stimulation before training were identical in two conditions: 1) testing of responses of ...
Seiler K Stephen - - 2006
This study was designed to quantify the daily distribution of training intensity in a group of well-trained junior cross-country skiers and compare the results of three different methods of training intensity quantification. Eleven male athletes performed treadmill tests to exhaustion to determine heart rate and VO2 corresponding to ventilatory thresholds ...
Chicco Adam J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Myocardial oxidative stress is believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of alcoholic cardiomyopathy. Strenuous physical exercise has been shown to increase or decrease myocardial oxidative stress depending on the mode and duration of the exercise intervention. Given the possibility of individuals to engage in both alcohol ...
Schrauwen-Hinderling V B - - 2006
Recently, we showed that short-term training induced a rapid increase in IMCL whilst insulin sensitivity tended to improve. Here we investigate molecular adaptations accompanying this physiological training-induced accumulation of IMCL. Nine untrained men (age: 23.3 +/- 3.2 y; maximal power output: 3.8 +/- 0.6 W/kg body weight) trained for two ...
Kuno, Shinya
KUANO, S., ITI, Y. and KATSUTA, S., Influence of Endurance Training on Muscle Metabolism During Exercise in Elderly Men. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.1, No.1 pp51-56, 1994. To evaluate the influence of endurance training on muscle ...
Colberg Sheri R - - 2006
A positive association has previously been demonstrated between chronic aerobic exercise and prior maximal exercise and enhanced dorsal foot skin perfusion in physically active individuals with type 2 diabetes. The current study examined whether an 8-week resistance training program would also positively affect cutaneous perfusion in type 2 diabetic individuals. ...
Mogensen M - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that cycling efficiency in vivo is related to mitochondrial efficiency measured in vitro and to investigate the effect of training status on these parameters. Nine endurance trained and nine untrained male subjects (V(O2peak) = 60.4 +/- 1.4 and 37.0 +/- ...
Streuber Stacey D - - 2006
Heart rate recovery (HRR) after maximal exercise is a predictor of all-cause mortality. It was hypothesized that aerobic exercise training would increase HRR in patients with heart failure (HF), because it has been shown to be accelerated in athletes and improved in patients with coronary artery disease after cardiac rehabilitation. ...
Ramalho Ana Claudia - - 2006
This study evaluated the effect of aerobic versus resistance training on metabolic control in type-1 diabetes patients. Thirteen non-active patients, ranging in age from 13-30, were submitted to a 12-week aerobic exercise (Group A, n = 7) or resistance training (Group B, n = 6) period. Group A training consisted ...
Butcher Scott J - - 2006
Pulmonary rehabilitation incorporating exercise training is an effective method of enhancing physiological function and quality of life for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite the traditional belief that exercise is primarily limited by the inability to adequately increase ventilation to meet increased metabolic demands in these patients, significant ...
An P - - 2006
Evidence of a genetic component for resting heart rate (RHR) has been found. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for baseline RHR have been reported, but not for RHR training response. It is of interest to identify QTLs that may harbor genes influencing RHR variation at baseline and in response to regular ...
Jürimäe Jaak - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the resting and short-duration exercise-induced hormone responses of male rowers as a result of 6 months of volume-extended training season. Body composition, maximal aerobic capacity, and on-water 2000-m sculling performance were assessed before and after a 24-week training in elite rowers (n ...
Arnardóttir R Harpa - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the effects on exercise capacity and health related quality of life (HRQoL) of two exercise programmes; one programme including endurance training and one including only resistance training and callisthenics. A second purpose was to find out whether the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affected the ...
Worms Georg - - 2006
A case study investigating the impact of sensory electrical stimulation during perturbed stance in one chronic stroke patient is presented. A special apparatus called the BalanceTrainer was used. It allows the application of perturbations to neurologically impaired people during standing, while protecting the subject from falling. The subject underwent two ...
Hegbom Finn - - 2006
PURPOSE: A randomized study was conducted to determine whether short-term exercise training in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) might improve exercise capacity and quality of life (QOL), and influence atrioventricular conduction. METHODS: Atrial fibrillation patients (age 64 +/- 7 years) were randomized to exercise training (n = 15) or ...
Virgili G - - 2006
Orientation and mobility (O&M) training is provided to people who are visually impaired to help them maintain travel independence. It teaches them new orientation and mobility skills to compensate for reduced visual information. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of (O&M) training, with or without associated ...
Yamane Motoi - - 2006
The influence of regular post-exercise cold application to exercised muscles trained by ergometer cycling (leg muscles) or handgrip exercise using a weight-loaded handgrip ergometer (forearm flexor muscles) was studied in human volunteers. Muscle loads were applied during exercise programs three to four times a week for 4-6 weeks. Besides measuring ...
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