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Weinberg Lisa L School of Psychology, Center for Advanced Brain Imaging, Georgia Institute of Technology, 831 Marietta St NW, Atlanta, GA 30318, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute aerobic exercise can be beneficial to episodic memory. This benefit may occur because exercise produces a similar physiological response as physical stressors. When administered during consolidation, acute stress, both physical and psychological, consistently enhances episodic memory, particularly memory for emotional materials. Here we investigated whether a single bout of ...
Seron Pamela P CIGES - Departamento de Medicina Interna, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Frontera, Montt112, 3º piso., Temuco, Araucania, Chile, - - 2014
When two or more cardiovascular risk factors occur in one individual, they may interact in a multiplicative way promoting cardiovascular disease. Exercise has proven to be effective in controlling individual risk factors but its effect on overall cardiovascular risk remains uncertain. To assess the effects of exercise training in people ...
Nellemann Birgitte B B Nellemann, Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, 8000, - - 2014
Objective: Very low-density lipoprotein triglyceride (VLDL-TG) and free fatty acids (FFA) constitute a substantial proportion of human energy supply both at rest and during exercise. Exercise acutely decreases VLDL-TG concentration, and VLDL-TG clearance is increased after an exercise bout. However, the effects of long-term training are not clear. Design: The ...
Kawamoto Ryuichi R Department of Community Medicine, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Toon-city, Ehime, 791-0295, Japan, - - 2014
Nordic walking (NW), characterized by the use of two walking poles, has positive effects on several muscle groups. Muscle strength and mass decrease with age, and recently, this decrease is defined as sarcopenia. Sarcopenia may be triggered by oxidative stress. We investigated whether changes in the oxidative stress marker, malondialdehyde-modified ...
Gordon Benjamin B Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to provide up-to-date information regarding the effects of aerobic and resistance exercise training on the traditional blood lipid and lipoprotein profile. In addition, emerging coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors, such as postprandial lipemia (PPL) and metabolic syndrome (MetS), are reviewed. Numerous studies report ...
Derman Wayne W Clinical Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Group, UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Centre, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Non-communicable disease (NCD) is increasing, but management remains mostly curative, disease-centred and focused on single interventions. We describe the development and implementation of a patient-centred, comprehensive, multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention programme (LIP) for patients with NCD in the sport and exercise medicine (SEM) setting (part 1) and present preliminary observational data ...
Benatti Fabiana Braga FB Rheumatology Department, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455, 3° Andar, São Paulo, SP, 01246-903, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of an exercise training program on lipid profile and composition of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and healthy controls. A 12-week, randomized trial was conducted. Thirty-three physically inactive SLE patients were randomly assigned into ...
Riedel Saskia S Department of Cardiology, University Leipzig - Heart Center Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2014
The functional properties of endothelial cells (ECs) for regulating nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability are important for normal endothelial function. Micro-RNAs (miRs) and especially angiomiRs regulate vascular integrity and angiogenesis. Besides regulation of reverse cholesterol transport, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) also stimulates NO generation by ECs. This function is impaired in patients ...
Koozehchian Majid S - - 2014
Major cardiovascular disorders are being recognized earlier in life. In this study we examined the effects of swimming and soccer training on male adolescent lipid-lipoprotein profiles relative to a maturity matched control group to determine the effects of these exercises on specific cardiovascular risk and anti-risk factors. Forty five adolescent ...
Salazar Ana Paula S AP PPG-CR, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, - - 2014
Exercise training has neuroprotective effects whereas myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF) can cause neuronal death and reactive gliosis in the whole amygdala. The posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) is involved with cardiovascular reflexes and the central control of sympathetic/parasympathetic responses. Our aim was to study the effects of prior ...
Opie L H - - 2014
Favourable lifestyles promote cardiovascular protection. Exercise can induce beneficial changes in the genome that decrease low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and increase anti-inflammatory markers. The Mediterranean dietary pattern, fortified by nuts, while not reducing weight, reduces mortality. Lifestyle changes combined with statin therapy provide potent protection against coronary heart disease, especially ...
Hansen Dominique D Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium; and Heart Centre Hasselt, Jessa Hospital, Hasselt, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with chronotropic incompetence (CI), which may lead to a worse prognosis. It remains uncertain whether CI in T2DM patients is related to patient characteristics that are modifiable by exercise interventions. From 33 male T2DM patients and 18 healthy subjects not taking β-blockers, calcium-antagonists, ...
Mahmoodi Ranah - - 2014
The effect of exercise and recovery period on adiponectin level is not still cleared. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different intensities of running on serum adiponectin and lipoproteins levels in male rats. In this experimental study, one hundred and sixty rats aged 2 months ...
Carter Eric A EA School of Kinesiology, Department of Radiology, and Division of Sports Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and immersion pulmonary edema (IPE) are potentially life-threatening conditions that affect athletes, including high-altitude climbers, long-distance swimmers, and underwater divers. The objectives of this study were to measure lung density (before and after exercise) and quantify the pulmonary lymphatic network in individuals susceptible and resistant to ...
Tine Michele M Poverty and Learning Lab, Education Department, Dartmouth College Hanover, NH, - - 2014
There is a need for feasible and research-based interventions that target the cognitive performance and academic achievement of low-income adolescents. In response, this study utilized a randomized experimental design and assessed the selective visual attention (SVA) and reading comprehension abilities of low-income adolescents and, for comparison purposes, high-income adolescents after ...
García Hermoso Antonio A Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte. AFIDES Research Group. Universidad de Extremadura. Spain.. - - 2014
There have been just a few studies examining the influence of detraining on obese boys. They conclude that any gains regress to the untrained control values during the detraining period. The objective of the present study was thus to evaluate the effects of detraining (6 months) on metabolic syndrome after ...
Garcia Alesandro - - 2013
Abstract The practice of exercise has shown to be beneficial to quality of life of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Thus, the present study analysed the effects of a combined exercise training in persons living with HIV/AIDS. Ten participants participated in the present study. The following variables were analysed: viral load and ...
Roca-Rodríguez M M - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of lifestyle changes in patients participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Patients with cardiovascular disease (N = 59) were enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation, which included nutritional and exercise interventions. All patients completed the program, but only 44 attended the reassessment ...
Lourenço V V CEA, LIST, Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel (LNE-LNHB), 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Measurement of radionuclides from environmental samples includes a wide variety of matrix compositions and densities. To improve the traceability of environmental monitoring, LNE-LNHB intends to produce mixed γ-ray reference materials with a known mass activity and a composition as representative as possible of real environmental samples. This paper describes the ...
Freese Eric C - - 2013
Reducing postprandial triglycerides (TG) can lower the risk for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to perform a meta-analytic review of the literature to estimate of the effect of prior exercise on postprandial lipemia. A total of 121 effects were found from 76 studies for the total TG ...
Wee Justin - - 2013
The main aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypoxic training on the modulation of cardiometabolic risk factors. Literature review. An electronic search encompassing five databases (PUBMED, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus) was conducted. A total of 2138 articles were retrieved. After excluding non-relevant articles, duplications and ...
Ekblom-Bak Elin - - 2013
Sedentary time is increasing in all societies and results in limited non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) of daily life. The importance of low NEPA for cardiovascular health and longevity is limited, especially in elderly. To examine the association between NEPA and cardiovascular health at baseline as well as the risk of ...
Gilmore L Anne - - 2013
We hypothesized that dietary monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and exercise increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by independent mechanisms, so there would be additive effects between a single, intensive session of exercise and high-MUFA ground beef on HDL-C and blood risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Seventeen postmenopausal women completed a 2-way ...
Velásquez-Meléndez Gustavo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess associations between the built environment and social environment and excess weight in an urban population. Participants were selected from the Surveillance System for Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases (VIGITEL). The study used data from the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, ...
Søndergaard Esben - - 2013
Lipids are important substrates for oxidation in the basal fasting state and during exercise. Studies have demonstrated beneficial changes in lipoprotein subclass composition the day after an exercise bout. However, the acute effect of exercise on TG concentration and lipoprotein subclass composition remains unclear. Sixteen lean, healthy individuals (8 men ...
Shaheen Hanaa Adnan HA Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, College of Allied Health Sciences, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154-3034, - - 2014
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of lipoprotein particle size and number may provide greater sensitivity to detecting cardiovascular disease risk compared with the conventional lipid profile in some individuals. The salubrious effect of cardiovascular exercise on blood lipids using the conventional profile is well documented; however, NMR analysis is lacking. The ...
Oliveira Flavia DE - - 2013
Estrogen deprivation in postmenopausal women increases cardiovascular risk. Cardiovascular risk as a result of atherosclerosis is able to induce an inflammatory disease as far as cyclooxygenase-2 ( COX-2) expression. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of COX-2 on exercise training in female mice low-density lipoprotein receptor ...
Ho Mandy M Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia. - - 2013
Diet and exercise represent the mainstays of obesity treatment. No systematic review has been conducted comparing the effect of dietary and exercise intervention in reducing metabolic risks in overweight children. To compare the effects of diet-only intervention with those of diet plus exercise or exercise only on weight loss and ...
Randers Morten Bredsgaard - - 2013
Abstract This study examined the intermittent exercise performance and cardiovascular health profile in elite female football players in comparison to untrained young women, as well as a subgroup subjected to football training 2x1 h · week(-1) for 16 weeks. Twenty-seven Danish national team players (elite trained, ET) and 28 untrained ...
Blazek Alisa - - 2013
The goal of this systematic review was to assess the current understanding of the effects of exercise intervention on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-C) and changes in HDL function as well as modification of these effects by genomic factors. The reviewed studies demonstrate that exercise has modest effects on HDL-C ...
Marques Elisa A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To analyze how modifiable health-related variables are clustered and associated with children's participation in play, active travel and structured exercise and sport among boys and girls. METHODS: Data were collected from 9 middle-schools in Porto (Portugal) area. A total of 636 children in the 6(th) grade (340 girls and ...
Bellou Elena - - 2013
A single bout of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise has been shown to produce the same or greater metabolic benefits as continuous endurance exercise with considerably less energy expenditure, but whether this applies to very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolism is not known. We sought to examine the effect of a ...
Bellou Elena E Laboratory of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, - - 2013
The mechanisms by which exercise reduces fasting plasma triglyceride (TG) concentrations in women and the effect of negative energy balance independent of muscular contraction are not known.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of equivalent energy deficits induced by exercise or calorie restriction on basal VLDL-TG metabolism ...
Bartlett Jonathan D - - 2013
The mechanisms that regulate the enhanced skeletal muscle oxidative capacity observed when training with reduced carbohydrate (CHO) availability are currently unknown. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that reduced CHO availability enhances p53 signalling and expression of genes associated with regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis and ...
Vieira Denis Cesar Leite - - 2013
To compare the metabolic parameters, flexibility, muscle strength, functional capacity, and lower limb muscle power of elderly women with and without the metabolic syndrome (MetS). This cross-sectional study included 28 older women divided into two groups: with the MetS (n = 14; 67.3 ± 5.5 years; 67.5 ± 16.7 kg; ...
Gabriel Brendan Morris BM Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United - - 2013
Postprandial phenomenon are thought to contribute to atherogenesis alongside activation of the immune system. A single bout of high intensity interval exercise attenuates postprandial triacylglycerol (TG), although the longevity and mechanisms underlying this observation are unknown. The aims of this study were to determine whether this attenuation in postprandial TG ...
Paoli Antonio A Department of Biomedical Sciences (DSB), University of Padova, Via Marzolo 3, Padova 35131, Italy. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the physiological effects of an high-intensity circuit training (HICT) on several cardiovascular disease risk factors in healthy, overweight middle-aged subjects, and to compare the effects of HICT to traditional endurance training (ET) and low-intensity circuit training (LICT). Fifty-eight participants (ages 61 ± ...
Gaudreault Valérie - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Metabolic syndrome is associated with increased cardiac morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate exercise-induced hypertension (EIH) in men with metabolic syndrome and to explore potential associations with anthropometric and metabolic variables. Methods: A total of 179 normotensive men with metabolic syndrome underwent a maximal symptom-limited ...
Jane Ming-Lang - - 2012
Evidence suggests that physical activity has a beneficial effect of elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on reducing coronary artery risk. However, previous studies show contrasting results for this association between different types of exercise training (i.e., aerobic, resistance or combined aerobic and resistance training).The aim of this study was to ...
Jane Ming-Lang - - 2012
Evidence suggests that physical activity has a beneficial effect of elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on reducing coronary artery risk. However, previous studies show contrasting results for this association between different types of exercise training (i.e., aerobic, resistance or combined aerobic and resistance training).The aim of this study was to ...
Hayashino Yasuaki - - 2012
AIMS: Our study's purpose was to perform a systematic review to assess the effect of supervised exercise interventions on lipid profiles and blood pressure control. METHODS: We searched electronic databases and selected studies that evaluated the effect of supervised exercise intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in adult people with type ...
Karjalainen Jaana J - - 2012
Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction, which is a common complication of diabetes, is associated with increased mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the reasons of autonomic dysfunction in CAD patients with or without diabetes are not well known. We examine the association between heart rate recovery (HRR) and other ...
Greene Nicholas Perry - - 2012
PPARδ is a transcription factor regulating expression of genes involved in oxidative metabolism, which may regulate blood cholesterols through transcription of oxidative and lipoprotein metabolism genes. To determine association of skeletal muscle PPARδ content with blood lipids and lipoproteins before and following exercise, overweight and obese men (n=9) and women ...
Cavagnolli Daniel Alves - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate dopamine transporter (DAT) density in periodic leg movement (PLM) patients shown by [Tc]TRODAT-1 SPECT (Single-photon Emission Computed Tomography) imaging and to determine the influence of acute physical exercise (maximal exercise test - MET) on DAT densities. METHOD: Sixteen healthy male volunteers between 45 and 65 years of ...
Phillips Lorraine J - - 2012
This qualitative study investigated individual and situational factors influencing physical activity (PA) practices of elders in residential care/assisted living (RC/AL) communities. This article describes the results of focus group interviews involving 47 residents across six RC/AL settings. Thematic analysis revealed six themes: Staying Active, Past PA Experiences, Value of PA, ...
Røysland Ragnhild - - 2012
Whether reversible ischaemia in patients referred for exercise stress testing and MPI (myocardial perfusion imaging) is associated with changes in circulating cTn (cardiac troponin) levels is controversial. We measured cTnT with a sensitive assay before, immediately after peak exercise and 1.5 and 4.5 h after exercise stress testing in 198 ...
Urquhart Donald - - 2012
Previous work suggests benefit from outpatient exercise and physiotherapy in children with cystic fibrosis (CF), namely improved exercise capacity and lung function measures, as well reduced intravenous (IV) antibiotic needs. Our study aim was to investigate the effect of a year-long supervised outpatient exercise and physiotherapy programme in children with ...
Jacobsen Ramune - - 2012
To assess the impact of the amount of exercise training during pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program for improvements in dyspnea and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Data on COPD patient health, exercise capacity, dyspnea, and HRQOL were collected at the start and at ...
Preisler N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To examine metabolism during exercise in 2 patients with muscle phosphorylase kinase (PHK) deficiency and to further define the phenotype of this rare glycogen storage disease (GSD). METHODS:Patient 1 (39 years old) had mild exercise-induced forearm pain, and EMG showed a myopathic pattern. Patient 2 (69 years old) had raised ...
Reilly Charles C CC King's College London School of Medicine, UK. - - 2012
During exercise, patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) dynamically hyperinflate, which imposes both elastic and threshold loads on the inspiratory muscles and places them at a mechanical disadvantage due to muscle shortening. Conversely, dynamic hyperinflation imposes a progressively resistive load and lengthens the expiratory muscles potentially increasing their susceptibility to develop ...
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