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Hansen Dominique D Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium; and Heart Centre Hasselt, Jessa Hospital, Hasselt, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with chronotropic incompetence (CI), which may lead to a worse prognosis. It remains uncertain whether CI in T2DM patients is related to patient characteristics that are modifiable by exercise interventions. From 33 male T2DM patients and 18 healthy subjects not taking β-blockers, calcium-antagonists, ...
Carter Eric A EA School of Kinesiology, Department of Radiology, and Division of Sports Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and immersion pulmonary edema (IPE) are potentially life-threatening conditions that affect athletes, including high-altitude climbers, long-distance swimmers, and underwater divers. The objectives of this study were to measure lung density (before and after exercise) and quantify the pulmonary lymphatic network in individuals susceptible and resistant to ...
Garcia Alesandro - - 2013
Abstract The practice of exercise has shown to be beneficial to quality of life of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Thus, the present study analysed the effects of a combined exercise training in persons living with HIV/AIDS. Ten participants participated in the present study. The following variables were analysed: viral load and ...
Roca-Rodríguez M M - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of lifestyle changes in patients participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Patients with cardiovascular disease (N = 59) were enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation, which included nutritional and exercise interventions. All patients completed the program, but only 44 attended the reassessment ...
Lourenço V V CEA, LIST, Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel (LNE-LNHB), 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Measurement of radionuclides from environmental samples includes a wide variety of matrix compositions and densities. To improve the traceability of environmental monitoring, LNE-LNHB intends to produce mixed γ-ray reference materials with a known mass activity and a composition as representative as possible of real environmental samples. This paper describes the ...
Freese Eric C - - 2013
Reducing postprandial triglycerides (TG) can lower the risk for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to perform a meta-analytic review of the literature to estimate of the effect of prior exercise on postprandial lipemia. A total of 121 effects were found from 76 studies for the total TG ...
Wee Justin - - 2013
The main aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypoxic training on the modulation of cardiometabolic risk factors. Literature review. An electronic search encompassing five databases (PUBMED, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus) was conducted. A total of 2138 articles were retrieved. After excluding non-relevant articles, duplications and ...
Ekblom-Bak Elin - - 2013
Sedentary time is increasing in all societies and results in limited non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) of daily life. The importance of low NEPA for cardiovascular health and longevity is limited, especially in elderly. To examine the association between NEPA and cardiovascular health at baseline as well as the risk of ...
Gilmore L Anne - - 2013
We hypothesized that dietary monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and exercise increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by independent mechanisms, so there would be additive effects between a single, intensive session of exercise and high-MUFA ground beef on HDL-C and blood risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Seventeen postmenopausal women completed a 2-way ...
Velásquez-Meléndez Gustavo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess associations between the built environment and social environment and excess weight in an urban population. Participants were selected from the Surveillance System for Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases (VIGITEL). The study used data from the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, ...
Søndergaard Esben - - 2013
Lipids are important substrates for oxidation in the basal fasting state and during exercise. Studies have demonstrated beneficial changes in lipoprotein subclass composition the day after an exercise bout. However, the acute effect of exercise on TG concentration and lipoprotein subclass composition remains unclear. Sixteen lean, healthy individuals (8 men ...
Shaheen Hanaa Adnan HA Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, College of Allied Health Sciences, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154-3034, - - 2014
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of lipoprotein particle size and number may provide greater sensitivity to detecting cardiovascular disease risk compared with the conventional lipid profile in some individuals. The salubrious effect of cardiovascular exercise on blood lipids using the conventional profile is well documented; however, NMR analysis is lacking. The ...
Paoli Antonio - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the physiological effects of an high-intensity circuit training (HICT) on several cardiovascular disease risk factors in healthy, overweight middle-aged subjects, and to compare the effects of HICT to traditional endurance training (ET) and low-intensity circuit training (LICT). Fifty-eight participants (ages 61+/-3.3 yrs, ...
Oliveira Flavia DE - - 2013
Estrogen deprivation in postmenopausal women increases cardiovascular risk. Cardiovascular risk as a result of atherosclerosis is able to induce an inflammatory disease as far as cyclooxygenase-2 ( COX-2) expression. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of COX-2 on exercise training in female mice low-density lipoprotein receptor ...
Randers Morten Bredsgaard - - 2013
Abstract This study examined the intermittent exercise performance and cardiovascular health profile in elite female football players in comparison to untrained young women, as well as a subgroup subjected to football training 2x1 h · week(-1) for 16 weeks. Twenty-seven Danish national team players (elite trained, ET) and 28 untrained ...
Blazek Alisa - - 2013
The goal of this systematic review was to assess the current understanding of the effects of exercise intervention on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-C) and changes in HDL function as well as modification of these effects by genomic factors. The reviewed studies demonstrate that exercise has modest effects on HDL-C ...
Ho Mandy - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Diet and exercise represent the mainstays of obesity treatment. No systematic review has been conducted comparing the effect of dietary and exercise intervention in reducing metabolic risks in overweight children. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of diet-only intervention with those of diet plus exercise or exercise only on weight ...
Marques Elisa A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To analyze how modifiable health-related variables are clustered and associated with children's participation in play, active travel and structured exercise and sport among boys and girls. METHODS: Data were collected from 9 middle-schools in Porto (Portugal) area. A total of 636 children in the 6(th) grade (340 girls and ...
Bellou Elena - - 2013
A single bout of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise has been shown to produce the same or greater metabolic benefits as continuous endurance exercise with considerably less energy expenditure, but whether this applies to very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolism is not known. We sought to examine the effect of a ...
Bellou Elena E Laboratory of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, - - 2013
The mechanisms by which exercise reduces fasting plasma triglyceride (TG) concentrations in women and the effect of negative energy balance independent of muscular contraction are not known.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of equivalent energy deficits induced by exercise or calorie restriction on basal VLDL-TG metabolism ...
Bartlett Jonathan D - - 2013
The mechanisms that regulate the enhanced skeletal muscle oxidative capacity observed when training with reduced carbohydrate (CHO) availability are currently unknown. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that reduced CHO availability enhances p53 signalling and expression of genes associated with regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis and ...
Vieira Denis Cesar Leite - - 2013
To compare the metabolic parameters, flexibility, muscle strength, functional capacity, and lower limb muscle power of elderly women with and without the metabolic syndrome (MetS). This cross-sectional study included 28 older women divided into two groups: with the MetS (n = 14; 67.3 ± 5.5 years; 67.5 ± 16.7 kg; ...
Gabriel Brendan Morris BM Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United - - 2013
Postprandial phenomenon are thought to contribute to atherogenesis alongside activation of the immune system. A single bout of high intensity interval exercise attenuates postprandial triacylglycerol (TG), although the longevity and mechanisms underlying this observation are unknown. The aims of this study were to determine whether this attenuation in postprandial TG ...
Gaudreault Valérie - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Metabolic syndrome is associated with increased cardiac morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate exercise-induced hypertension (EIH) in men with metabolic syndrome and to explore potential associations with anthropometric and metabolic variables. Methods: A total of 179 normotensive men with metabolic syndrome underwent a maximal symptom-limited ...
Jane Ming-Lang - - 2012
Evidence suggests that physical activity has a beneficial effect of elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on reducing coronary artery risk. However, previous studies show contrasting results for this association between different types of exercise training (i.e., aerobic, resistance or combined aerobic and resistance training).The aim of this study was to ...
Jane Ming-Lang - - 2012
Evidence suggests that physical activity has a beneficial effect of elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on reducing coronary artery risk. However, previous studies show contrasting results for this association between different types of exercise training (i.e., aerobic, resistance or combined aerobic and resistance training).The aim of this study was to ...
Hayashino Yasuaki - - 2012
AIMS: Our study's purpose was to perform a systematic review to assess the effect of supervised exercise interventions on lipid profiles and blood pressure control. METHODS: We searched electronic databases and selected studies that evaluated the effect of supervised exercise intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in adult people with type ...
Karjalainen Jaana J - - 2012
Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction, which is a common complication of diabetes, is associated with increased mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the reasons of autonomic dysfunction in CAD patients with or without diabetes are not well known. We examine the association between heart rate recovery (HRR) and other ...
Greene Nicholas Perry - - 2012
PPARδ is a transcription factor regulating expression of genes involved in oxidative metabolism, which may regulate blood cholesterols through transcription of oxidative and lipoprotein metabolism genes. To determine association of skeletal muscle PPARδ content with blood lipids and lipoproteins before and following exercise, overweight and obese men (n=9) and women ...
Cavagnolli Daniel Alves - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate dopamine transporter (DAT) density in periodic leg movement (PLM) patients shown by [Tc]TRODAT-1 SPECT (Single-photon Emission Computed Tomography) imaging and to determine the influence of acute physical exercise (maximal exercise test - MET) on DAT densities. METHOD: Sixteen healthy male volunteers between 45 and 65 years of ...
Phillips Lorraine J - - 2012
This qualitative study investigated individual and situational factors influencing physical activity (PA) practices of elders in residential care/assisted living (RC/AL) communities. This article describes the results of focus group interviews involving 47 residents across six RC/AL settings. Thematic analysis revealed six themes: Staying Active, Past PA Experiences, Value of PA, ...
Røysland Ragnhild - - 2012
Whether reversible ischaemia in patients referred for exercise stress testing and MPI (myocardial perfusion imaging) is associated with changes in circulating cTn (cardiac troponin) levels is controversial. We measured cTnT with a sensitive assay before, immediately after peak exercise and 1.5 and 4.5 h after exercise stress testing in 198 ...
Urquhart Donald - - 2012
Previous work suggests benefit from outpatient exercise and physiotherapy in children with cystic fibrosis (CF), namely improved exercise capacity and lung function measures, as well reduced intravenous (IV) antibiotic needs. Our study aim was to investigate the effect of a year-long supervised outpatient exercise and physiotherapy programme in children with ...
Jacobsen Ramune - - 2012
To assess the impact of the amount of exercise training during pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program for improvements in dyspnea and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Data on COPD patient health, exercise capacity, dyspnea, and HRQOL were collected at the start and at ...
Preisler N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To examine metabolism during exercise in 2 patients with muscle phosphorylase kinase (PHK) deficiency and to further define the phenotype of this rare glycogen storage disease (GSD). METHODS:Patient 1 (39 years old) had mild exercise-induced forearm pain, and EMG showed a myopathic pattern. Patient 2 (69 years old) had raised ...
Reilly Charles C CC King's College London School of Medicine, UK. - - 2012
During exercise, patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) dynamically hyperinflate, which imposes both elastic and threshold loads on the inspiratory muscles and places them at a mechanical disadvantage due to muscle shortening. Conversely, dynamic hyperinflation imposes a progressively resistive load and lengthens the expiratory muscles potentially increasing their susceptibility to develop ...
Domar Alice D - - 2012
To determine the lifestyle behaviors of women before and during an IVF cycle. Prospective survey. Private academically affiliated infertility center. One hundred eighteen women, ages 18-44, scheduled to undergo an assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycle using their own eggs. None. Lifestyle history and daily habit survey. In the month before ...
Takagi Tsutomu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study attempted to determine whether exercise induced left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction estimated by altered trans-mitral flow (TMF) velocity pattern after exercise is associated with increased risk of cardiac events including new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in elderly patients with impaired LV relaxation at rest. BACKGROUND: Diastolic stress echocardiography ...
Deyle Gail D - - 2012
A preliminary clinical prediction rule uses 3 patient attributes to predict who will fare better with alternative treatments.
Kelley George A - - 2012
Purpose. To use the meta-analytic approach to examine the effects of diet (D), aerobic exercise (E), or both (DE) on non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) in adults. Methods. Randomized controlled trials in adults ≥18 years of age were included. A mixed-effect model was used to combine effect size (ES) results within ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2012
In the care of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, the benefits of exercise therapy are generally established. Even though the selected endurance exercise intensity might affect medical safety, therapy adherence and effectiveness in the rehabilitation of CAD patients in how to determine endurance exercise intensity properly remains difficult. The aim ...
Ha Chang-Ho - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is emerging as a serious public health problem in Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 12 weeks of combined exercise training on body composition and MS factors in obese Korean female college students. Subjects were randomly assigned to exercise (n = ...
Morita-Suzuki S - - 2012
We investigated the effects of individual (IC) and group (GC) diet and exercise counseling in men with metabolic syndrome. Participants received exercise instruction and exercise load was monitored. IC participants received individual diet counseling sessions and general consultations at baseline and monthly. GC participants received a group diet counseling session ...
Donahue Tim - - 2011
Previous studies suggest that CRT may benefit narrow QRS patients with mechanical dyssynchrony (MD). We conducted an acute and chronic study, evaluating the response of heart failure patients with a narrow QRS to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). ESTEEM-CRT was a multi-center, single-arm, feasibility study that evaluated ICD-indicated, medically-optimized patients with ...
Buys Roselien - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Patients with aortic coarctation (COA) have a reduced exercise capacity and seem to be more prone to adopt a sedentary lifestyle. During clinical practice, we often observe that patients seem to be overweight. However, data on physical activity and weight status in this population are currently not available. OBJECTIVE:: ...
Sandercock Gavin - - 2011
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Improving patients' cardiorespiratory fitness is an important therapeutic outcome in cardiac rehabilitation. The ability of cardiac rehabilitation to reduce mortality and morbidity has been evidenced through several meta-analyses. Whether cardiac rehabilitation can increase cardiorespiratory fitness and which factors may influence such gains are less well quantified. METHODS: We performed ...
Kühn Andreas - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Clinical, hemodynamic and functional effects of tricuspid valve surgery in patients with Ebstein's anomaly are not well understood. METHODS: Sixteen patients (median age of 27.7years) were examined before and eight months after surgery by means of echocardiography, cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. RESULTS: Peak work load ...
Kempny Aleksander - - 2011
AimsWe aimed to investigate the distribution of exercise capacity across the spectrum of adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) using own data and the published experience and to provide diagnosis, gender-, and age- specific reference values.Methods and resultsPublications describing exercise capacity in ACHD patients using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) were identified ...
Pomidori Luca - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The success of long-term exercise training (ExT) programs resides in the integration between exercise prescription and patient compliance with home training. One of the crucial issues for the patients is the understanding of appropriate exercise intensity. We compared 2 methods of home ExT, based on walking. METHODS:: Forty-seven patients ...
Layec Gwenael - - 2012
To better understand the metabolic implications of a higher ATP cost of contraction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we used (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) to examine muscle energetics and pH in response to graded exercise. Specifically, in six patients and six well-matched healthy controls, we determined the intracellular threshold ...
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