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Results 351 - 400 of 1120
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Paulino Ellena Christina - - 2010
Previous studies show that exercise training and caloric restriction improve cardiac function in obesity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect on cardiac function remain unknown. Thus, we studied the effect of exercise training and/or caloric restriction on cardiac function and Ca(2+) handling protein expression in obese rats. To accomplish ...
Ben Ounis O - - 2010
This study was designed to examine the effect of training on components of the metabolic syndrome and ApoB/ApoA-I ratio in obese children. We studied thirty-two obese children (13.3 ± 0.4 years) with 16 subjects who participated to 8-week training and 16 subjects serving as a control group. Training was individualized ...
Williams N I NI Department of Kinesiology, Women's Health and Exercise Laboratories, Penn State University, Noll Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, USA. - - 2010
Alterations in circulating steroids are believed to be important mediators of the impact that diet and exercise have on breast cancer risk and changes in bone density. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that moderate exercise training combined with caloric restriction would produce significant menstrual disturbances and alterations in ...
Bea Jennifer W - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the association of exercise frequency (ExFreq) and volume (total weight lifted by military press and squats (SQ)) with change in body composition among postmenopausal women participating in a progressive resistance training study. Previously, sedentary women (n = 122, age = 56.3 +/- ...
Baydur Ahmet - - 2011
Background:  Patients with sarcoidosis exhibit exercise intolerance-related fatigue and increased levels of circulating proinflammatory cytokines at rest. Exercise may result in increased plasma cytokine levels (PCLs) in healthy adults, but such a relationship has not been studied in sarcoidosis patients. Objectives:  To assess relationship of fatigue in sarcoidosis with PCLs ...
Ara I - - 2011
Aim/hypothesis:The aim of this study was to investigate mitochondrial function, fibre-type distribution and substrate oxidation during exercise in arm and leg muscles in male postobese (PO), obese (O) and age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched control (C) subjects. The hypothesis of the study was that fat oxidation during exercise might ...
Castellani Christoph - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess the changes in lung function and exercise performance due to minimal invasive pectus repair. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with an average age of 16 years were included in this prospective investigation. After determination of body mass index (BMI) and body fat patients were subjected to pre-OP, post-OP and ...
Josse Andrea R - - 2010
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether women consuming fat-free milk versus isoenergetic carbohydrate after resistance exercise would see augmented gains in lean mass and reductions in fat mass similar to what we observed in young men. METHODS: Young women were randomized to drink either fat-free milk (MILK: n = 10; ...
Tahara Aya - - 2010
The β3-Adrenergic receptor gene polymorphism Trp64Arg (ADRB3 Trp64Arg) may be associated with weight gain, especially in the East Asian populations. To date, however, the results of various investigations aimed at determining whether ADRB3 Trp64Arg has any effect on weight reduction after intervention have been inconsistent. The aim of this study ...
Walter Ashley A - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cycle ergometry high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with and without beta-alanine supplementation on maximal oxygen consumption rate (VO2 peak), cycle ergometer workload at the ventilatory threshold (VT W), and body composition. Forty-four women (mean +/- SD age = 21.8 ...
Avelar Núbia C P - - 2010
Aging compromises the ability of the central nervous system to maintain body balance and reduces the capacity for adaptive reactions. To prevent falls, the reception conditions for sensory information need to be improved. To evaluate the impact of a structured aquatic and a non-aquatic exercise program for lower-limb muscle endurance ...
Marcus R L - - 2010
Fat infiltration within the fascial envelope of the thigh or intermuscular adispose tissue (IMAT), has been shown to be associated with both adverse metabolic and mobility impairments in older individuals. More recent findings suggest these fat deposits may be associated with increasing age and inactivity; and perhaps exercise may be ...
Nagelkirk P R - - 2010
This study explored the coagulation and fibrinolytic responses to acute resistance training in young women and aimed to determine the influence of body composition on these variables. Healthy young women aged 23+/-5 yrs participated in the study. Body fat and fat distribution were assessed using DEXA. Each subject performed 6 ...
Miyatake Nobuyuki - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate aerobic exercise levels, expressed in terms of ventilatory threshold (VT), in a Japanese population and explore the relationship between VT and exercise habits in this population. This was a cross-sectional study in which data collected from 547 men and 524 women aged ...
Bea Jennifer W JW Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. - - 2010
Genetic variations in the adrenergic receptor (ADR) have been associated with body composition in cross-sectional studies. Recent findings suggest that ADR variants may also modify body composition response to lifestyle. We assessed the role of ADR variants in body composition response to 12 months of resistance training versus control in ...
Ohman Ann - - 2011
This qualitative study describes and analyses the experiences and self-reported effects of those participating in a Feldenkrais group intervention. Fourteen women with non-specific neck and shoulder pain participated in a group treatment design using the Feldenkrais Awareness Through Movement (ATM) method. Data were collected in two ways: diary notes directly ...
Lalande Sophie - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of a 3-month interval walking program on peak aerobic capacity and cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged sedentary individuals. Participants were divided into 2 groups: a nontraining control group (n = 17) and an interval walking training group (n = 29). ...
Chenevière Xavier - - 2010
This study aimed to quantitatively describe and compare whole-body fat oxidation kinetics in cycling and running using a sinusoidal mathematical model (SIN). Thirteen moderately trained individuals (7 men and 6 women) performed two graded exercise tests, with 3-min stages and 1 km h(-1) (or 20 W) increment, on a treadmill ...
Simeone C - - 2010
To assess the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and incontinence in female athletes and to determine the etiological factors. An anonymous self-questionnaire was collected from 623 casual female athletes aged 18 to 56 years, who were involved in 12 different sports. The surveys were distributed by hand to ...
Koltz Peter F PF Division of Plastic Surgery, Life after Weight Loss Program, and the Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2010
A lower body mass index at the time of body contouring surgery can optimize surgical options and, ultimately, aesthetic results. With increased emphasis on preoperative evaluation of the massive weight loss patient, the interrelationships between nutrition and exercise on body mass indices have not been well defined. One hundred thirty-three ...
Frayn K N - - 2010
The early pioneers in the field of metabolism during exercise such as Lindhard and Krogh understood the importance of fat as a fuel for muscle contraction. But they could not have understood the details of the pathways involved, as neither the metabolic role of adipose tissue nor the transport role ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2010
In women, age and the menopausal transition contribute to an increase of body fat and a reduction of lean body mass associated with functional decline, affecting independent living. Sarcopenia and adiposity in the elderly has been associated with increased mortality and functional decline affecting independent living. This study was conducted ...
Wilund Kenneth R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality rates are greatly elevated in chronic kidney disease patients receiving maintenance haemodialysis therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intradialytic endurance exercise training on novel risk factors that may contribute to this excessive CVD risk. METHODS: Seventeen haemodialysis patients were ...
Schroeder Mariana - - 2010
Given the alarming increase in childhood, adolescent and adult obesity there is an imperative need for understanding the early factors affecting obesity and for treatments that may help prevent or at least moderate it. Exercise is frequently considered as an effective treatment for obesity however the empirical literature includes many ...
Rosenkilde M M Department of Biomedical Sciences, Center for Healthy Aging, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2010
To elucidate if fat oxidation at rest predicts peak fat oxidation during exercise and/or metabolic phenotype in moderately overweight, sedentary men. Cross-sectional study. We measured respiratory exchange ratio (RER) at rest in 44 moderately overweight, normotensive and normoglycemic men and selected 8 subjects with a low RER (L-RER, body mass ...
Lepage Marie L - - 2010
This research used ecological momentary assessment to examine the effects of exercise on state body dissatisfaction and affect in 33 undergraduate females with high trait body dissatisfaction and 28 with low trait body dissatisfaction who exercised at least three times weekly. Trait body dissatisfaction was investigated as a moderator of ...
Donoso M A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ballet dancers (BDs) have a negative energy balance related to physical training that results in alterations in body composition, sexual development, and adipokine secretion. Our aims were to study anthropometric parameters, body composition, and their relationship with adipokines throughout pubertal development. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We carried out a prospective ...
Aguer Céline - - 2010
In this pilot study, we wished to determine whether a 5-month multidisciplinary programme of a combined dietary-nutritional education-exercise intervention would have favourable effects on the health status of 18 obese adolescent girls. Before and after the clinical intervention, body composition and habitual physical activity were assessed by bioelectrical impedance and ...
Malin Steven K - - 2010
Exercise and metformin may prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes by, in part, raising the capacity for fat oxidation. Whether the addition of metformin has additive effects on fat oxidation during and after exercise is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of metformin on ...
Kwon Hwi Ryun - - 2010
Aerobic exercise can effectively reduce visceral fat. However, few studies have examined the effect of daily physical activity on obesity and cardiopulmonary function in the subjects with diabetes. We examined the effect of moderate intensity of walking in obese diabetes patients by monitoring of daily activity and measuring the change ...
Steding K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effects of exercise on different indices reflecting the metabolism have been of interest for a long time, and a relationship between anaerobic indices and maximal oxygen uptake has been established. The inter-relationship between different respiratory indices during an exercise test remains to be studied in order to understand ...
Stensel David - - 2010
Knowledge about the relationship between exercise and appetite is important both for athletes wishing to optimise performance and for those interested in maintaining a healthy body weight. A variety of hormones are involved in appetite regulation including both episodic hormones, which are responsive to episodes of feeding, and tonic hormones, ...
van den Berg Rosaline - - 2010
Purpose. To simulate the effect of low-intensity exercise in early rehabilitation, we investigated the effect of a 7-week low-intensity norm duration hand rim wheelchair training on the physical capacity in untrained able-bodied individuals. Method. Twenty-five able-bodied participants were randomly assigned to an experimental and control group: 10 participants exercised 7 weeks, three ...
Schenk Kai - - 2010
To investigate the drinking behavior of the participants in a multi-day mountain bike (MTB) cross-country competition, to monitor its effect on the body's fluid compartments and body mass, and to evaluate the prevalence of exercise-associated dysnatremia. Descriptive field study. The Jeantex Bike Transalp Competition 2008 (8 stages; 665.40 km; 21 ...
Salhi B - - 2010
Introduction. Respiratory cancer and its treatment are known to contribute to muscle weakness and functional impairment. Aim. To assess the effects of rehabilitation in patients with respiratory cancer. Methods. Radically treated respiratory cancer patients were included in a 12-week multidisciplinary rehabilitation program. Results. 16 patients (age: 61 ± 7 years; ...
Schaub Jay W - - 2010
As the percentage of obese humans expands, new options for weight loss are being explored. Body weight homeostasis is the result of a balance between energy intake (food) and expenditure (activity). A shift in homeostasis into a negative balance results in weight loss. Two potential options available for the management ...
Smits Jasper A J - - 2010
A growing body of work suggests that obese adults are less likely to adhere to exercise than normal-weight adults because they experience greater levels of discomfort and distress during exercise sessions. The present study introduces and provides a preliminary test of the hypothesis that the distress experienced during exercise among ...
Otocka-Kmiecik A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the participation of plasma PON1 (paraoxonase activity [PON] and arylesterase activity [ARE]) in antioxidant defense in response to a single bout of maximal exercise. PON, ARE, lipid profile, lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARS]), total antioxidant status (ferric reducing ability of ...
Olczyk Joanna - - 2010
Objectives: A great similarity exists between growth hormone (GH) deficiency and obesity in terms of disturbances of organ morphology and function. The aim of the study was to compare health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) as well as exercise capacity and its subjective assessment in adult patients with GH deficiency and ...
Mendez-Villanueva Alberto - - 2010
Previous studies have demonstrated that during lower-body exercise the percentage of heart rate reserve (%HRR) is equivalent to the percentage of the oxygen consumption reserve (%V˙O(2R)) but not to a percentage of the peak oxygen consumption (%V˙O(2peak)). The current study examined these relationships in trained surfboard riders (surfers) during upper-body ...
Pop Dana - - 2010
Adiponectin is decreased and leptin increased in overweight subjects. In turn, exercise has controversial effect upon adiponectin and leptin plasmatic levels. To study the effect of acute exercise upon plasmatic levels of adiponectin and leptin in normal and overweight subjects. We studied 79 subjects, 42 males and 37 females, aged ...
Winzer Brooke M - - 2010
Chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and excessive body fat are considered principal causes of Barrett's oesophagus (a metaplastic change in the cells lining the oesophagus) and its neoplastic progression, oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Metabolic disturbances including altered levels of obesity-related cytokines, chronic inflammation and insulin resistance have also been associated with oesophageal cancer ...
Shariati Abdolali - - 2010
One of the common side effects of cancer is fatigue that affects patients' life quality and leads to disability. Exercise has an important role in improving these patients' life quality and can be used as a complementary treatment. Moreover, there are few studies on the impact of exercise on fatigue ...
Heidarzadeh Mehdi - - 2010
Despite therapeutic effect of hemodialysis in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, these patients encounter different physical and psychological tensional factors. Physical exercises have beneficial physical and psychological effects on patients under hemodialysis as one of the accessory therapeutic methods. As few studies have been done about the effects of ...
Palstra Arjan P - - 2010
Zebrafish has been largely accepted as a vertebrate multidisciplinary model but its usefulness as a model for exercise physiology has been hampered by the scarce knowledge on its swimming economy, optimal swimming speeds and cost of transport. Therefore, we have performed individual and group-wise swimming experiments to quantify swimming economy ...
Lehnen Alexandre M - - 2010
Although exercise training has well-known cardiorespiratory and metabolic benefits, low compliance with exercise training programs is a fact, and the harmful effects of physical detraining regarding these adaptations usually go unnoticed. We investigated the effects of exercise detraining on blood pressure, insulin sensitivity, and GLUT4 expression in spontaneously hypertensive rats ...
Campbell Leanne L School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, the University of Western - - 2010
This study compared the effects of 12 weeks of caloric restriction and interval exercise (INT) and caloric restriction and continuous aerobic exercise (CON) on physiological outcomes in an obese population. Forty-four individuals (BMI ≥ 30 kg·m(-2)) were randomised into the INT or CON group. Participant withdrawal resulted in 12 and ...
Hall Lesley M L LM Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2010
South Asians are more insulin resistant than Europeans, which cannot be fully explained by differences in adiposity. We investigated whether differences in oxidative capacity and capacity for fatty acid utilisation in South Asians might contribute, using a range of whole-body and skeletal muscle measures. Twenty men of South Asian ethnic ...
Larson-Meyer D Enette DE Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. - - 2010
There is a debate over the independent effects of aerobic fitness and body fatness on mortality and disease risks. To determine whether a 25% energy deficit that produces equal change in body fatness leads to greater cardiometabolic benefits when aerobic exercise is included. Thirty-six overweight participants (16 males/20 females) (39 ...
Warren Amy - - 2009
Postexercise fat oxidation may be important for exercise prescription aimed at optimizing fat loss. The authors examined the effects of exercise intensity, duration, and modality on postexercise oxygen consumption (VO2) and substrate selection/ respiratory-exchange ratio (RER) in healthy individuals. Three experiments (n = 7 for each) compared (a) short- (SD) ...
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