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Bea Jennifer W JW Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. - - 2010
Genetic variations in the adrenergic receptor (ADR) have been associated with body composition in cross-sectional studies. Recent findings suggest that ADR variants may also modify body composition response to lifestyle. We assessed the role of ADR variants in body composition response to 12 months of resistance training versus control in ...
Ohman Ann - - 2011
This qualitative study describes and analyses the experiences and self-reported effects of those participating in a Feldenkrais group intervention. Fourteen women with non-specific neck and shoulder pain participated in a group treatment design using the Feldenkrais Awareness Through Movement (ATM) method. Data were collected in two ways: diary notes directly ...
Lalande Sophie - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of a 3-month interval walking program on peak aerobic capacity and cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged sedentary individuals. Participants were divided into 2 groups: a nontraining control group (n = 17) and an interval walking training group (n = 29). ...
Chenevière Xavier - - 2010
This study aimed to quantitatively describe and compare whole-body fat oxidation kinetics in cycling and running using a sinusoidal mathematical model (SIN). Thirteen moderately trained individuals (7 men and 6 women) performed two graded exercise tests, with 3-min stages and 1 km h(-1) (or 20 W) increment, on a treadmill ...
Simeone C - - 2010
To assess the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and incontinence in female athletes and to determine the etiological factors. An anonymous self-questionnaire was collected from 623 casual female athletes aged 18 to 56 years, who were involved in 12 different sports. The surveys were distributed by hand to ...
Koltz Peter F - - 2010
A lower body mass index at the time of body contouring surgery can optimize surgical options and, ultimately, aesthetic results. With increased emphasis on preoperative evaluation of the massive weight loss patient, the interrelationships between nutrition and exercise on body mass indices have not been well defined. One hundred thirty-three ...
Frayn K N - - 2010
The early pioneers in the field of metabolism during exercise such as Lindhard and Krogh understood the importance of fat as a fuel for muscle contraction. But they could not have understood the details of the pathways involved, as neither the metabolic role of adipose tissue nor the transport role ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2010
In women, age and the menopausal transition contribute to an increase of body fat and a reduction of lean body mass associated with functional decline, affecting independent living. Sarcopenia and adiposity in the elderly has been associated with increased mortality and functional decline affecting independent living. This study was conducted ...
Wilund Kenneth R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality rates are greatly elevated in chronic kidney disease patients receiving maintenance haemodialysis therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intradialytic endurance exercise training on novel risk factors that may contribute to this excessive CVD risk. METHODS: Seventeen haemodialysis patients were ...
Schroeder Mariana - - 2010
Given the alarming increase in childhood, adolescent and adult obesity there is an imperative need for understanding the early factors affecting obesity and for treatments that may help prevent or at least moderate it. Exercise is frequently considered as an effective treatment for obesity however the empirical literature includes many ...
Rosenkilde M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate if fat oxidation at rest predicts peak fat oxidation during exercise and/or metabolic phenotype in moderately overweight, sedentary men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.Subjects:We measured respiratory exchange ratio (RER) at rest in 44 moderately overweight, normotensive and normoglycemic men and selected 8 subjects with a low RER (L-RER, body ...
Lepage Marie L - - 2010
This research used ecological momentary assessment to examine the effects of exercise on state body dissatisfaction and affect in 33 undergraduate females with high trait body dissatisfaction and 28 with low trait body dissatisfaction who exercised at least three times weekly. Trait body dissatisfaction was investigated as a moderator of ...
Donoso M A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ballet dancers (BDs) have a negative energy balance related to physical training that results in alterations in body composition, sexual development, and adipokine secretion. Our aims were to study anthropometric parameters, body composition, and their relationship with adipokines throughout pubertal development. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We carried out a prospective ...
Aguer Céline - - 2010
In this pilot study, we wished to determine whether a 5-month multidisciplinary programme of a combined dietary-nutritional education-exercise intervention would have favourable effects on the health status of 18 obese adolescent girls. Before and after the clinical intervention, body composition and habitual physical activity were assessed by bioelectrical impedance and ...
Malin Steven K - - 2010
Exercise and metformin may prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes by, in part, raising the capacity for fat oxidation. Whether the addition of metformin has additive effects on fat oxidation during and after exercise is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of metformin on ...
Kwon Hwi Ryun - - 2010
Aerobic exercise can effectively reduce visceral fat. However, few studies have examined the effect of daily physical activity on obesity and cardiopulmonary function in the subjects with diabetes. We examined the effect of moderate intensity of walking in obese diabetes patients by monitoring of daily activity and measuring the change ...
Steding K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effects of exercise on different indices reflecting the metabolism have been of interest for a long time, and a relationship between anaerobic indices and maximal oxygen uptake has been established. The inter-relationship between different respiratory indices during an exercise test remains to be studied in order to understand ...
Stensel David - - 2010
Knowledge about the relationship between exercise and appetite is important both for athletes wishing to optimise performance and for those interested in maintaining a healthy body weight. A variety of hormones are involved in appetite regulation including both episodic hormones, which are responsive to episodes of feeding, and tonic hormones, ...
van den Berg Rosaline - - 2010
Purpose. To simulate the effect of low-intensity exercise in early rehabilitation, we investigated the effect of a 7-week low-intensity norm duration hand rim wheelchair training on the physical capacity in untrained able-bodied individuals. Method. Twenty-five able-bodied participants were randomly assigned to an experimental and control group: 10 participants exercised 7 weeks, three ...
Schenk Kai - - 2010
To investigate the drinking behavior of the participants in a multi-day mountain bike (MTB) cross-country competition, to monitor its effect on the body's fluid compartments and body mass, and to evaluate the prevalence of exercise-associated dysnatremia. Descriptive field study. The Jeantex Bike Transalp Competition 2008 (8 stages; 665.40 km; 21 ...
Salhi B - - 2010
Introduction. Respiratory cancer and its treatment are known to contribute to muscle weakness and functional impairment. Aim. To assess the effects of rehabilitation in patients with respiratory cancer. Methods. Radically treated respiratory cancer patients were included in a 12-week multidisciplinary rehabilitation program. Results. 16 patients (age: 61 ± 7 years; ...
Schaub Jay W - - 2010
As the percentage of obese humans expands, new options for weight loss are being explored. Body weight homeostasis is the result of a balance between energy intake (food) and expenditure (activity). A shift in homeostasis into a negative balance results in weight loss. Two potential options available for the management ...
Smits Jasper A J - - 2010
A growing body of work suggests that obese adults are less likely to adhere to exercise than normal-weight adults because they experience greater levels of discomfort and distress during exercise sessions. The present study introduces and provides a preliminary test of the hypothesis that the distress experienced during exercise among ...
Otocka-Kmiecik A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the participation of plasma PON1 (paraoxonase activity [PON] and arylesterase activity [ARE]) in antioxidant defense in response to a single bout of maximal exercise. PON, ARE, lipid profile, lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances [TBARS]), total antioxidant status (ferric reducing ability of ...
Olczyk Joanna - - 2010
Objectives: A great similarity exists between growth hormone (GH) deficiency and obesity in terms of disturbances of organ morphology and function. The aim of the study was to compare health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) as well as exercise capacity and its subjective assessment in adult patients with GH deficiency and ...
Mendez-Villanueva Alberto - - 2010
Previous studies have demonstrated that during lower-body exercise the percentage of heart rate reserve (%HRR) is equivalent to the percentage of the oxygen consumption reserve (%V˙O(2R)) but not to a percentage of the peak oxygen consumption (%V˙O(2peak)). The current study examined these relationships in trained surfboard riders (surfers) during upper-body ...
Pop Dana - - 2010
Adiponectin is decreased and leptin increased in overweight subjects. In turn, exercise has controversial effect upon adiponectin and leptin plasmatic levels. To study the effect of acute exercise upon plasmatic levels of adiponectin and leptin in normal and overweight subjects. We studied 79 subjects, 42 males and 37 females, aged ...
Winzer Brooke M - - 2010
Chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and excessive body fat are considered principal causes of Barrett's oesophagus (a metaplastic change in the cells lining the oesophagus) and its neoplastic progression, oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Metabolic disturbances including altered levels of obesity-related cytokines, chronic inflammation and insulin resistance have also been associated with oesophageal cancer ...
Shariati Abdolali - - 2010
One of the common side effects of cancer is fatigue that affects patients' life quality and leads to disability. Exercise has an important role in improving these patients' life quality and can be used as a complementary treatment. Moreover, there are few studies on the impact of exercise on fatigue ...
Heidarzadeh Mehdi - - 2010
Despite therapeutic effect of hemodialysis in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, these patients encounter different physical and psychological tensional factors. Physical exercises have beneficial physical and psychological effects on patients under hemodialysis as one of the accessory therapeutic methods. As few studies have been done about the effects of ...
Palstra Arjan P - - 2010
Zebrafish has been largely accepted as a vertebrate multidisciplinary model but its usefulness as a model for exercise physiology has been hampered by the scarce knowledge on its swimming economy, optimal swimming speeds and cost of transport. Therefore, we have performed individual and group-wise swimming experiments to quantify swimming economy ...
Lehnen Alexandre M - - 2010
Although exercise training has well-known cardiorespiratory and metabolic benefits, low compliance with exercise training programs is a fact, and the harmful effects of physical detraining regarding these adaptations usually go unnoticed. We investigated the effects of exercise detraining on blood pressure, insulin sensitivity, and GLUT4 expression in spontaneously hypertensive rats ...
Campbell Leanne L School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, the University of Western - - 2010
This study compared the effects of 12 weeks of caloric restriction and interval exercise (INT) and caloric restriction and continuous aerobic exercise (CON) on physiological outcomes in an obese population. Forty-four individuals (BMI ≥ 30 kg·m(-2)) were randomised into the INT or CON group. Participant withdrawal resulted in 12 and ...
Hall Lesley M L LM Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2010
South Asians are more insulin resistant than Europeans, which cannot be fully explained by differences in adiposity. We investigated whether differences in oxidative capacity and capacity for fatty acid utilisation in South Asians might contribute, using a range of whole-body and skeletal muscle measures. Twenty men of South Asian ethnic ...
Larson-Meyer D Enette DE Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. - - 2010
There is a debate over the independent effects of aerobic fitness and body fatness on mortality and disease risks. To determine whether a 25% energy deficit that produces equal change in body fatness leads to greater cardiometabolic benefits when aerobic exercise is included. Thirty-six overweight participants (16 males/20 females) (39 ...
Warren Amy - - 2009
Postexercise fat oxidation may be important for exercise prescription aimed at optimizing fat loss. The authors examined the effects of exercise intensity, duration, and modality on postexercise oxygen consumption (VO2) and substrate selection/ respiratory-exchange ratio (RER) in healthy individuals. Three experiments (n = 7 for each) compared (a) short- (SD) ...
Boss Andreas - - 2010
Endurance training improves exercise performance and insulin sensitivity, and these effects may be in part mediated by an enhanced fat oxidation. Since n-3 and n-9 unsaturated fatty acids may also increase fat oxidation, we hypothesised that a diet enriched in these fatty acids may enhance the effects of endurance training ...
Dekker Mark J - - 2010
Fasting and postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) concentrations are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This study evaluated whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) and incretin hormones [gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) (active)] were associated with fasting and postprandial TAG in response to an oral lipid load, including very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and chylomicron ...
Slentz Cris A - - 2009
The obese are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. However, some who are obese have no metabolic abnormalities. So, it is not adipose tissue per se, but perhaps where it is located that is important for determining metabolic consequences. Regular exercise is known to reduce risk ...
Borkoles Erika - - 2010
The 'Distressed' or Type-D personality is described by the interaction between high levels of negative affectivity and social inhibition. This study investigated the prevalence of Type-D personality in men of different exercise status, the association between Type-D and body image perceptions, and the moderating effect of exercise status. Participants were ...
Haufe S - - 2010
Endurance training at an intensity eliciting maximal fat oxidation may have a beneficial effect on body weight and glucose metabolism in obese patients. However, the exercise intensity at which maximal fat oxidation occurs and the factors limiting fat oxidation are not well studied in this population. Obese, otherwise healthy men ...
Buffart Laurien M - - 2010
We sought to describe the design of the Active Lifestyle and Sports Participation (ALSP) intervention for adolescents and young adults with physical disabilities, and to present the first 2 cases. A 17-year-old boy with myelomeningocele and hydrocephalus and a 23-year-old woman with unilateral cerebral palsy were enrolled into the ALSP ...
Willis F Buck - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to examine the changes in body fat mass of previously sedentary, deconditioned subjects who began following the U.S. Surgeon General's recommendation in frequency of exercise. Ninety subjects of both sexes were recruited; ages ranged from 22 to 74 (mean 37.5 +/- 13) years. Subjects ...
Jenkins Nathan T - - 2010
Perilipins are lipid droplet-coating proteins that regulate intracellular lipolysis in adipocytes. A haplotype of two perilipin gene (PLIN) single nucleotide polymorphisms, 13041A>G and 14995A>T, has been previously associated with obesity risk. Furthermore, the available data indicate that this association may be modified by sex. We hypothesized that this haplotype would ...
Melanson Edward L EL Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado 80045, USA. - - 2009
Fat oxidation during exercise is increased by endurance training, and evidence suggests that fat oxidation during exercise is impaired in obesity. Thus the primary aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of exercise on 24-h fat oxidation and fat balance in lean sedentary [LS, n = 10, ...
Yeh Shing-Shing - - 2010
We examined the effects of megestrol acetate versus placebo and progressive resistance physical exercise on weight, lean muscle mass, quality of life, ability to exercise, proinflammatory cytokines, and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and their correlations with one another. We organized a prospective 20-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial of hemodialysis patients. This ...
Lazzer Stefano - - 2010
The objective is to study the effects of low-intensity (LI) or high-intensity (HI) equicaloric exercises on energy expenditure (EE) and substrate oxidation rate during and after the exercises in severely obese Caucasian adolescents. Twenty obese boys (BMI-SDS 3.04 +/- 0.52, %Fat Mass 38.2 +/- 2.1%) aged 14-16 years (pubertal stage ...
Hunter Gary R GR Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine what effect aerobic and resistance exercise training has on gain of visceral fat during the year following weight loss. After being randomly assigned to aerobic training, resistance training, or no exercise training, 45 European-American (EA) and 52 African-American (AA) women lost 12.3 ...
Chittester Nickles I - - 2009
Drive for muscularity (DM) is associated with anabolic steroid and supplement use, exercise dependence, eating pathology, and low self-esteem. However, only one study has examined how anthropometric measures are related to DM. To extend previous research, and to clarify the relationship between DM and anthropometric indices, 113 college-aged men completed ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2009
High-kilocalorie feedings induce oxidative stress. Acute exercise has the potential to attenuate postprandial oxidative stress. No study has determined whether there are racial differences in postprandial oxidative stress with and without a preceding bout of acute exercise. PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of acute exercise on blood oxidative-stress biomarkers, triglycerides ...
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