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Results 301 - 350 of 1106
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Magkos Faidon - - 2010
Fat accumulation in the liver is strongly associated with metabolic dysfunction. Regular exercise improves many cardiometabolic risks factors; however, its effect on intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content remains elusive. This article summarizes available data regarding the effects of exercise on IHTG. Several but not all observational studies report negative associations of ...
Wilk Boguslaw - - 2010
We determined whether beverage flavoring and composition would stimulate voluntary drink intake, prevent dehydration, and maintain exercise performance in heat-acclimated adolescent males running in the heat. Eight adolescent (age, 13.7 ± 1.1 years) runners (peak oxygen uptake, 59.5 ± 4.0 mL·kg-1·min-1) underwent at least four 80-min exercise heat-acclimation sessions before completing 3 experimental sessions. ...
Wright Alicia - - 2010
Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is common in individuals diagnosed with asthma, with 80% to 90% experiencing asthma symptoms during moderate exercise. Asthma has been linked to obesity such that obesity may be a risk factor for adult-onset asthma. Adults with asthma disclose comorbid obesity as one of the most common barriers ...
Goh Victor H-H - - 2010
The present study sought to examine the association between physical exercise as a lifestyle habit with anthropometric parameters and body composition and aging in men. Intensity of exercise was scored as metabolic equivalent-min/week (MET-min/week) from data of the questionnaire, while anthropometric parameters and body composition were carried out by standard ...
Salonen Minna K - - 2011
Physical activity plays an important role in prevention of chronic diseases. Animal studies have suggested that lifestyle and exercise habits may have a prenatal origin. Our aim was to assess the role of early growth on leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in later life among 57-70-years-old men and women. We ...
Baroni B M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the aerobic capacity of male professional futsal players. A total of 186 players (22 goalkeepers and 164 on-court players) of three Brazilian futsal teams from first division performed ergospirometric evaluations (incremental test protocol) in a motorized treadmill. Data from maximal oxygen uptake ...
Elavsky Steriani - - 2010
This 2-year prospective study examined the exercise and self-esteem model in middle-aged women (N = 143) previously enrolled in a randomized controlled exercise trial. Across the 2-year period, increases in physical activity (PA) and self-efficacy and reductions in body mass index (BMI) were associated with improved subdomain self-perceptions relative to ...
Macdonald Jamie H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE.-: Bouldering is a discipline of rock climbing completed at low height. Despite its popularity, scientific description of this sport remains sparse. This study aims to characterize the athletic profile of highly accomplished boulderers. METHODS.-: Twelve male highly accomplished boulderers (age 25.3 ± 4.9) were matched for age (± 5 ...
Al-Rahamneh Harran - - 2011
This study assessed the relationship between rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and time to exhaustion during arm cranking exercise while exercising at two different constant-load exercise intensities in able-bodied and paraplegic individuals. The second aim of this study was to assess the rate of change in the RPE between the ...
Boutcher Stephen H - - 2011
The effect of regular aerobic exercise on body fat is negligible; however, other forms of exercise may have a greater impact on body composition. For example, emerging research examining high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) indicates that it may be more effective at reducing subcutaneous and abdominal body fat than other types ...
Castagna Olivier - - 2011
Previous studies have observed that a single bout of exercise can reduce the formation of circulating bubbles on decompression but, according to different authors, several hours delay were considered necessary between the end of exercise and the beginning of the dive. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ...
McKenzie Jennifer A - - 2011
As part of the insulin signalling pathway, Akt influences growth and metabolism. The AKT1 gene G205T (rs1130214) polymorphism has potential functional effects. Thus, we determined whether the G205T polymorphism influences metabolic variables and their responses to aerobic exercise training. Following dietary stabilization, healthy, sedentary, 50- to 75-year-old Caucasian men (n ...
De Moor Marleen H M - - 2011
Individual differences in adolescent exercise behavior are to a large extent explained by shared environmental factors. The aim of this study was to explore to what extent this shared environment represents effects of cultural transmission of parents to their offspring, generation specific environmental effects or assortative mating. Survey data on ...
Wooten J S - - 2011
The specific aims of this study were to quantify the effects of 12 weeks of resistance training, as well as a single session of resistance exercise on lipids and lipoproteins in obese, postmenopausal women. 21 obese, postmenopausal women, not on hormone replacement therapy (age=65.9 ± 0.5 yr; BMI=32.7 ± 0.8 ...
Farah Nor M F - - 2010
Previous exercise reduces the lipemic response to meals of fixed size. It is not known whether this triglyceride (TG) attenuation also occurs in response to ad libitum feeding because exercise might induce a compensatory increase in energy intake. It is also unclear whether the effects of a single exercise session ...
Shipway Richard - - 2010
Sport and leisure activity contribute to both health and quality of life. There is a dearth of qualitative studies on the lived experiences of active people, so the aim of this paper is to develop a deeper understanding of the experiences of one particular group of active leisure participants, distance ...
Tsiaras Vassilis - - 2010
The aims were to develop and validate a VO(2peak) prediction equation from a treadmill running test in active male adolescents. Eighty-eight athletes (12-18 yrs.) performed a maximal exercise test on a treadmill to assess the actual VO2peak and a 20m Shuttle-Run-Test (20mST). A step-wise linear regression analysis was used and ...
Van Der Heijden Gert-Jan - - 2010
Data on the metabolic effects of resistance exercise (strength training) in adolescents are limited. The objective of this study was to determine whether a controlled resistance exercise program without dietary intervention or weight loss reduces body fat accumulation, increases lean body mass, and improves insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism in ...
Cooper J A - - 2011
To compare the effects of both dietary fatty acid composition and exercise vs. sedentary conditions on circulating levels of hunger and satiety hormones. Eight healthy males were randomized in a 2 × 2 crossover design. The four treatments were 3 days of HF diets (50% of energy) containing high saturated ...
Tebbutt Niki - - 2011
To determine if the use of a plantar flexion device (Step It pedal) in a newly developed exercise programme is of benefit to patients with peripheral arterial disease. Prospective feasibility trial with patients randomised to either standard care or the Step It exercise programme plus standard care. Physiotherapy Department at ...
Hutchison Samantha K - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an insulin-resistant (IR) state. Visceral fat (VF) is independently associated with IR. The objectives of the study were to explore mechanisms underpinning IR by assessing the effect of exercise training on IR and body composition in overweight PCOS and non-PCOS women. This was a prospective ...
Reed Jennifer L - - 2010
Chronic inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several chronic diseases, such as atherosclerosis and diabetes, as well as certain types of cancers. It has been suggested that circulating biomarkers for inflammation may be modified by exercise; however, few laboratory-based studies have been conducted in nonobese premenopausal women. The ...
Chae Hyun-Wook - - 2010
Thirty-eight obese Korean children (21 boys, 17 girls), whose ages were between 9 and 15, were divided into either the intervention group (19 obese children: BMI>95P) or the age- and sex-matched obese control group. The intervention group performed an intensive exercise program under the supervision of educated instructors for 12 ...
Finlayson Graham - - 2011
Objective. To examine exercise-induced changes in the reward value of food during medium-term supervised exercise in obese individuals. Subjects/Methods. The study was a 12-week supervised exercise intervention prescribed to expend 500 kcal/day, 5 d/week. 34 sedentary obese males and females were identified as responders (R) or non-responders (NR) to the intervention according ...
Caminiti Giuseppe - - 2011
Purpose. To assess if Tai Chi added to endurance training (ET) is more effective than ET alone in improving exercise tolerance and quality of life (QOL) of elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Design. Sixty CHF patients, age 73.8 ± 6 years, M/F 51/9, were enlisted. Thirty pts were ...
Spiekerkoetter Ute - - 2010
Treatment recommendations in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) defects are diverse. With implementation of newborn screening and identification of asymptomatic patients, it is necessary to define whom to treat and how strictly. We here discuss critical questions that are currently under debate. For some asymptomatic long-chain defects, long-chain fat restriction ...
Friedenreich C M - - 2011
We examined the effects of an aerobic exercise intervention on adiposity outcomes that may be involved in the association between physical activity and breast cancer risk. This study was a two-centre, two-armed, randomized controlled trial. The 1-year-long exercise intervention included 45  min of moderate-to-vigorous aerobic exercise five times per week, ...
Bouassida A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acute moderate and heavy exercises on adiponectin, leptin and insulin concentrations in untrained subjects. Seven overweight middle-aged males participated in this study (age: 36.00 ± 5.16 years; body weight: 93.94 ± 6.48 kg; percent body fat: 26.64 ± 2.75%; ...
Riesco Eléonor - - 2010
We showed that isoflavones and exercise improve total and abdominal fat mass (FM) to a greater extent than does exercise alone in postmenopausal women, but not other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Fat-free mass (FFM) showed a wide variability of responses, with 60% of women having increased FFM and 40% ...
Fillipas S - - 2010
to determine the effects of exercise on metabolic and morphological outcomes among people with HIV using a systematic search strategy of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs). two independent reviewers assessed studies using a predetermined protocol. nine RCTs (469 participants, 41% females) of moderate quality were included. Compared to nonexercising controls, aerobic ...
Camargo Lilia Azzi Collet da Rocha - - 2010
To determine the correlations among various dyspnea scales, spirometric data, exercise tolerance data, and the Body mass index, airway Obstruction, Dyspnea, and Exercise capacity (BODE) index in patients with COPD. Between March of 2008 and July of 2009, 79 patients with COPD were recruited, and 50 of those patients were ...
Lazzer S - - 2011
The objective was to investigate the effects of a 3- week weight-management program including moderate energy restriction and exercise training at 2 intensities [low intensity (LI): 40% and high intensity (HI): 70% maximal oxygen uptake (V'O2max)] on body composition, energy expenditure, and fat oxidation rate in severely obese adolescents. Twenty ...
Gillison Fiona B - - 2011
A prospective study was conducted to explore the relative contributions of weight-related self-perceptions and exercise-related motivation variables in predicting change in leisure-time exercise within a sample of adolescents in the United Kingdom. A cohort of 310 adolescents (51% male, Mean age = 14.08 ± .32 years at baseline) was classified ...
Kasımay Ozgür - - 2010
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) forms an intermediate stage in the natural history of diabetes mellitus. Insulin-resistant states might be associated with dysfunction of the vascular endothelium. To determine the effects of chronic exercise and a low-calorie diet on plasma nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in patients with IGT ...
Lim Jae-Young - - 2010
To design an aquatic exercise (AQE) and land-based exercise (LBE) program to enhance knee function and reduce body fat in patients with obesity and knee osteoarthritis and to investigate the effectiveness of AQE and LBE on body fat, functional fitness, and functional status. Outpatient clinic at a Seoul National University ...
Campbell Peter T - - 2010
This study examined the effect of a yearlong exercise intervention on F2-isoprostane, a specific marker of lipid peroxidation and a general marker of oxidative stress. In a randomized, controlled trial, 173 overweight or obese, postmenopausal, sedentary women were randomized either to an aerobic exercise intervention (60%-75% observed maximal HR) for ...
Paulino Ellena Christina - - 2010
Previous studies show that exercise training and caloric restriction improve cardiac function in obesity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect on cardiac function remain unknown. Thus, we studied the effect of exercise training and/or caloric restriction on cardiac function and Ca(2+) handling protein expression in obese rats. To accomplish ...
Ben Ounis O - - 2010
This study was designed to examine the effect of training on components of the metabolic syndrome and ApoB/ApoA-I ratio in obese children. We studied thirty-two obese children (13.3 ± 0.4 years) with 16 subjects who participated to 8-week training and 16 subjects serving as a control group. Training was individualized ...
Williams N I NI Department of Kinesiology, Women's Health and Exercise Laboratories, Penn State University, Noll Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, USA. - - 2010
Alterations in circulating steroids are believed to be important mediators of the impact that diet and exercise have on breast cancer risk and changes in bone density. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that moderate exercise training combined with caloric restriction would produce significant menstrual disturbances and alterations in ...
Bea Jennifer W - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the association of exercise frequency (ExFreq) and volume (total weight lifted by military press and squats (SQ)) with change in body composition among postmenopausal women participating in a progressive resistance training study. Previously, sedentary women (n = 122, age = 56.3 +/- ...
Baydur Ahmet - - 2011
Background:  Patients with sarcoidosis exhibit exercise intolerance-related fatigue and increased levels of circulating proinflammatory cytokines at rest. Exercise may result in increased plasma cytokine levels (PCLs) in healthy adults, but such a relationship has not been studied in sarcoidosis patients. Objectives:  To assess relationship of fatigue in sarcoidosis with PCLs ...
Ara I - - 2011
Aim/hypothesis:The aim of this study was to investigate mitochondrial function, fibre-type distribution and substrate oxidation during exercise in arm and leg muscles in male postobese (PO), obese (O) and age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched control (C) subjects. The hypothesis of the study was that fat oxidation during exercise might ...
Castellani Christoph - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess the changes in lung function and exercise performance due to minimal invasive pectus repair. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with an average age of 16 years were included in this prospective investigation. After determination of body mass index (BMI) and body fat patients were subjected to pre-OP, post-OP and ...
Josse Andrea R - - 2010
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether women consuming fat-free milk versus isoenergetic carbohydrate after resistance exercise would see augmented gains in lean mass and reductions in fat mass similar to what we observed in young men. METHODS: Young women were randomized to drink either fat-free milk (MILK: n = 10; ...
Tahara Aya - - 2010
The β3-Adrenergic receptor gene polymorphism Trp64Arg (ADRB3 Trp64Arg) may be associated with weight gain, especially in the East Asian populations. To date, however, the results of various investigations aimed at determining whether ADRB3 Trp64Arg has any effect on weight reduction after intervention have been inconsistent. The aim of this study ...
Walter Ashley A - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cycle ergometry high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with and without beta-alanine supplementation on maximal oxygen consumption rate (VO2 peak), cycle ergometer workload at the ventilatory threshold (VT W), and body composition. Forty-four women (mean +/- SD age = 21.8 ...
Avelar Núbia C P - - 2010
Aging compromises the ability of the central nervous system to maintain body balance and reduces the capacity for adaptive reactions. To prevent falls, the reception conditions for sensory information need to be improved. To evaluate the impact of a structured aquatic and a non-aquatic exercise program for lower-limb muscle endurance ...
Marcus R L - - 2010
Fat infiltration within the fascial envelope of the thigh or intermuscular adispose tissue (IMAT), has been shown to be associated with both adverse metabolic and mobility impairments in older individuals. More recent findings suggest these fat deposits may be associated with increasing age and inactivity; and perhaps exercise may be ...
Nagelkirk P R - - 2010
This study explored the coagulation and fibrinolytic responses to acute resistance training in young women and aimed to determine the influence of body composition on these variables. Healthy young women aged 23+/-5 yrs participated in the study. Body fat and fat distribution were assessed using DEXA. Each subject performed 6 ...
Miyatake Nobuyuki - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate aerobic exercise levels, expressed in terms of ventilatory threshold (VT), in a Japanese population and explore the relationship between VT and exercise habits in this population. This was a cross-sectional study in which data collected from 547 men and 524 women aged ...
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