Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1106
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Gautam Ajay P - - 2011
Lymphedema is a debilitating complication following mastectomy, affecting the arm functions and quality of life (QOL) of breast cancer patients. Studies have shown the beneficial effects of upper-limb exercises on lymphedema in clinical set tings. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding the effect of home-based exercises on lymphedema; ...
Poole Chris N - - 2011
This study was performed to evaluate the combined effect of a meal replacement and an alleged weight loss supplement (WLS) on body composition, fitness parameters, and clinical health in moderately overweight college-aged men and women. Body mass, bench press 1 repetition maximum (1RM), leg press 1RM, body composition, V(O2)max, fasting ...
Visek Amanda J - - 2011
Little is known about factors affecting adherence to highly-structured and supervised exercise programs in older people. Healthy, inactive older (≥65 y) women (N = 30) were randomized into a 1) higher- (ATH-80% VO2peak); 2) moderate- (ATM-65% VO2peak) intensity aerobic; or 3) lower-intensity resistance (RTL; 50% VO2peak) group. All 3 groups ...
Tomás M T - - 2011
Familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) is a neurodegenerative disease that leads to sensory and motor polyneuropathies as well as functional limitations. So far, liver transplantation is the only treatment for FAP because the mutated protein causing the disease is mainly produced in the liver. With the increasing survival of transplant recipients, ...
Franco Frederico Sc - - 2011
The influences of creatine and caffeine supplementation associated with power exercise on lean body mass (LBM) composition are not clear. The purpose of this research was to determine whether supplementation with high doses of creatine and caffeine, either solely or combined, affects the LBM composition of rats submitted to vertical ...
Kazimierczak Anna - - 2011
Background: Exercise oscillatory ventilation (EOV) is a common pattern of breathing in heart failure (HF) patients, and indicates a poor prognosis. Aim: To investigate the effects of adaptive servoventilation (ASV) on ventilatory response during exercise. Methods: We studied 39 HF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) £ 45. Cardiorespiratory ...
Guo Wei - - 2011
The metabolic syndrome is characterized by the accumulation of several metabolic risk factors. It is important to improve physical activity and dietary habits to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in humans. The study participants participated in a weekly aerobic exercise program that included a session composed of a brief ...
Portmann Natalie - - 2011
To analyze submacular choroidal blood flow (ChBF) response to isometric exercise in untreated patients with glaucoma and ocular hypertension. ChBF was examined by means of confocal laser Doppler flowmetry during 5 minutes of baseline, during 90 seconds of isometric exercise with a Martin's vigorimeter and during 15 minutes of recovery. ...
Roland Kaitlyn P - - 2011
Interest in yoga is growing, especially among older adults. This review critically summarizes the current literature to investigate whether physical fitness and function benefits are engendered through the practice of yoga in older adults. A comprehensive search yielded 507 studies; 10 studies with 544 participants (69.6 ± 6.3 yr, 71% ...
Mendonca Goncalo V - - 2011
To determine whether adults with Down syndrome (DS) could improve their submaximal and peak exercise capacity, as for adults without disabilities, after 12 weeks of combined (aerobic and resistance) exercise training. Prospective study comparing the effects of a 12-week combined exercise program on submaximal and peak exercise capacity of adults ...
Seth Puneet - - 2011
Exertional heat illness typically occurs over hours in younger athletic patients or military recruits who exercise at elevated temperatures for a sufficient period of time to cause the rate of heat production to exceed the capacity of the body to dissipate heat. Since the physiological response to exercise includes cutaneous ...
Fowler Robin - - 2011
To determine the opinion of health care professionals within Australia, regarding acceptable levels of exertion and symptoms, and referral for exercise rehabilitation in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). In 2010, 76 health care professionals at a specialist pulmonary hypertension meeting in Australia were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. The ...
Shan Xiaozhong - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) on exercise-induced oxidative stress in rats. Rats were divided into four groups, i.e., one control group and three LBP treated groups. The animals received an oral administration of physiological saline or LBP (100, 200 ...
Moore Graham F - - 2011
Although implementers' experiences of exercise referral schemes (ERS) may provide valuable insights into how their reach and effectiveness might be improved, most qualitative research has included only views of patients. This paper explores exercise professionals' experiences of engaging diverse clinical populations in an ERS, and emergence of local practices to ...
Saner Jeannette - - 2011
Non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) in subacute and chronic stages can be treated effectively with exercise therapy. Research guidelines recommend evaluating different treatments in defined subgroups of patients with NSLBP. A subgroup of patients with movement control impairment (MCI) improved significantly on patient specific function and disability in a previous ...
Tzani Panagiota - - 2011
Pulmonary hyperinflation has the potential for significant adverse effects on cardiovascular function in COPD. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dynamic hyperinflation and cardiovascular response to maximal exercise in COPD patients. We studied 48 patients (16F; age 68 yrs ± 8; BMI 26 ± 4) ...
Sumner Walton W - - 2011
The American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) has used a 60-item Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) section followed by a Virtual Patient (VP) exercise in Maintenance Of Certification (MOC) since 2004, and has had an asthma module since 2005. The original asthma VP criteria anticipated some Expert Panel Report-3 recommendations, such ...
Mak Kwok-Kei - - 2011
Non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) is an important part of energy expenditure. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of exercise and NEPA among adolescents. In the HKSOS project 2006-2007, the proportions of Hong Kong Chinese adolescents (N=32,005) achieving 60-minute exercise and 60-minute NEPA per day were analyzed. Exercise was defined ...
Ping Fadzel Wong Chee - - 2011
Athletes in Malaysia need to perform in a hot and humid environment due to the climatic nature of the country. Chronic supplementation of Panax ginseng (PG) (a deciduous perennial plant belonging to the Araliaceae family) enhances physical performance. As the ergogenic effect of acute supplementation of PG on endurance performance ...
O'Driscoll B Ronan - - 2011
Previous small studies suggested SBOT may be ineffective in relieving breathlessness after exercise in COPD. 34 COPD patients with FEV1 <40% predicted and resting oxygen saturation ≥93% undertook an exercise step test 4 times. After exercise, patients were given 4 l/min of oxygen from a simple face mask, 4 l/min ...
Karamanoglu Mustafa - - 2011
Cardiac output (CO) is an important determinant of the hemodynamic state in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). We tested the hypothesis that CO can be estimated from the right ventricular (RV) pressure waveform in CHF patients using a pulse contour cardiac output algorithm that considers constant but patient specific ...
Modolo Vladimir Bonilha - - 2011
Regular physical exercise has numerous benefits. However, there is a subset of the exercising population who may develop a compulsion to exercise excessively and who may, as a consequence, display physiological and psychological changes that have a direct influence on their quality of life. Our objective was to determine if ...
Affuso Olivia - - 2011
More than 60% of African American adults do not meet recommendations for moderate physical activity. We sought to discover the extent to which health attitudes and beliefs are associated with leisure-time physical activity in this population. Cross-sectional study. African American adults were asked about their health attitudes and beliefs during ...
Foxcroft Katie F - - 2011
Physical activity may reduce the risk of adverse maternal outcomes, yet there are very few studies that have examined the correlates of exercise amongst obese women during pregnancy. We examined which relevant sociodemographic, obstetric, and health behaviour variables and pregnancy symptoms were associated with exercise in a small sample of ...
Neves Victor R - - 2011
Purpose: The incidence of cardiovascular events is higher in coronary artery disease patients with type 2 diabetes (CAD + T2D) than in CAD patients without T2D. There is increasing evidence that the recovery phase after exercise is a vulnerable phase for various cardiovascular events. We hypothesized that autonomic regulation differs in CAD ...
Dyer Fran F The NIHR Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit at Royal Brompton, London, - - 2011
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) can increase exercise tolerance, reduce exercise induced desaturation and improve the outcome of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic respiratory disease. It is not known whether it can be applied to increase exercise capacity in patients admitted with non-hypercapnic acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). We investigated the ...
Sperlich Billy - - 2010
Aim of this work was to examine the effects of decoupled two-legged cycling on (1) submaximal and maximal oxygen uptake, (2) power output at 4 mmol L(-1) blood lactate concentration, (3) mean and peak power output during high intensity cycling (30 s sprint) and (4) isometric and dynamic force production of the knee ...
Rosenkranz Sara K - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of both childhood obesity and childhood asthma has increased dramatically over the past few decades. Little is known concerning the role of body composition and lifestyle influences on airway health in children. PURPOSE: To determine whether body composition, fruit and vegetable intake (FV) and physical activity (PA) ...
Mustelin L - - 2011
Exercise behavior, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity are strongly influenced by genetic factors. By studying young adult twins, we examined to what extent these interrelated traits have shared genetic and environmental etiologies. We studied 304 twin individuals selected from the population-based FinnTwin16 study. Physical activity was assessed with the Baecke questionnaire, ...
Bain Anthony R - - 2010
It has been previously demonstrated that the individual variation in whole-body sweat rate is described by differences in each participant's heat balance status. It was hypothesized that the individual variation in local sweat rate of the forehead (LSR(head)) and forearm (LSR(arm)) would be similarly described using a whole-body heat balance ...
Kim In-Sook - - 2010
Aquarobics, a combination of the words aqua and aerobics, is based on the idea that much more energy is consumed during exercise when resisting water rather than air. The aquarobic exercise program is composed of patient education and aquarobic exercise. The program was effective in enhancing self-efficacy, decreasing pain, and ...
Lovell D - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to determine if leg strength limits V˙O (2max) and the ability to reach a plateau during V˙O (2max) test in older men during cycle ergometry. Men aged 70-80 years were randomly selected into a strength training (ST, n=12) 3 times weekly for 16 weeks, ...
Fragala Maren S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE:: Epinephrine and norepinephrine mediate interactions between the neuro-endocrine and the immune systems, to alter immune cell activity. While both systems respond to exercise stress, less in known about how they interact in response to such stress. The purpose of this investigation was to examine β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-ADR) expression on ...
Jeukendrup Asker - - 2011
Nutrition can play an essential role in the health of elite young athletes as well as exercise performance. Children and adolescents need adequate energy intake to ensure proper growth, development, and maturation. In addition, the requirements may further increase with increasing exercise training. There are, however, several metabolic differences that ...
Nijs Jo - - 2010
A systematic review was undertaken to examine whether patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) differ from healthy sedentary controls in physiological exercise capacity, physical activity level and muscle strength. From the available literature, it can be concluded that patients with CFS perform less physical activity during daily life, and have ...
Choquette Stéphane - - 2010
Results from a pilot project indicate that isoflavones and exercise could have an additive effect on body composition and clinical risk factors of CVD in postmenopausal women. The objective of the present study was to assess the combined effect of exercise and isoflavones in overweight-to-obese postmenopausal women. In this double-blind ...
Chou Chinmei - - 2010
This study examined the influences of aluminized (Type A) and non-aluminized firefighters' protective clothing (Type B, C, D and CON) on physiological and subjective responses in radiant heat. Total clothing weight was 6.24, 6.38, 6.06, 5.76 and 3.82 kg for Type A, B, C, D and CON, respectively. Eight firefighters ...
Liang M T C - - 2011
To evaluate the effects of a 12-month exercise intervention using either high-impact step aerobic exercise or moderate-intensity strength training on areal bone mineral density (aBMD) we studied 51 untrained women, aged 20-35 years, for this study. Whole body and heel and wrist aBMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, ...
Zouhal Hassane - - 2010
Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between athletic performance and the change in body weight (BW) during a 42 km marathon in a large cohort of runners. Methods The study took place during the 2009 Mont Saint-Michel Marathon (France). 643 marathon finishers (560 males and ...
Parker Beth - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to examine predictors of the leg hemodynamic response to exercise in middle- and older-aged men and women. Femoral artery blood flow (FBF), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and femoral vascular conductance (FVC, calculated as the quotient of FBF and MAP) were measured at rest and ...
Kelly Scott A SA Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7264, USA. - - 2011
The regulation of body weight and composition is complex, simultaneously affected by genetic architecture, the environment, and their interactions. We sought to analyze the complex phenotypic relationships between voluntary exercise, food consumption, and changes in body weight and composition and simultaneously localize quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling these traits. A ...
Smith Caroline J - - 2011
Regional variation in sweating over the body is widely recognised. However, most studies only measured a limited number of regions, with the use of differing thermal states across studies making a good meta-analysis to obtain a whole body map problematic. A study was therefore conducted to investigate regional sweat rates ...
Schwellnus Martin P - - 2010
Background Despite the high prevalence of exercise-associated muscle cramping (EAMC) in endurance athletes, the aetiology and risk factors for this condition are not fully understood. Aim The aim of this prospective cohort study was to identify risk factors associated with EAMC in endurance triathletes. Methods 210 triathletes competing in an ...
Lam Linda C W - - 2011
We reported the interim findings of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to examine the effects of a mind body physical exercise (Tai Chi) on cognitive function in Chinese subjects at risk of cognitive decline. 389 Chinese older persons with either a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR 0.5) or amnestic-MCI participated in ...
Lam Linda C W - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We reported the interim findings of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to examine the effects of a mind body physical exercise (Tai Chi) on cognitive function in Chinese subjects at risk of cognitive decline. SUBJECTS: 389 Chinese older persons with either a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR 0.5) or amnestic-MCI ...
Wang Chenchen - - 2011
Tai chi is a complex multicomponent mind-body exercise. Many studies have provided evidence that tai chi benefits patients with a variety of chronic disorders. This form of mind-body exercise enhances cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength, balance, and physical function and seems to be associated with reduced stress, anxiety, and depression and ...
Graham Dan J - - 2011
To determine whether adolescent attitudes towards sports, exercise, and fitness predict moderate-to-vigorous physical activity 5 and 10 years later. A diverse group of 1902 adolescents participating in Project Eating and Activity in Teens, reported weekly moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and attitudes toward sports, exercise, and fitness in Eating and Activity in ...
Wise Lauren A - - 2011
To examine the association between regular physical activity and semen quality. Prospective cohort study. Couples attending one of three IVF clinics in the greater Boston area during 1993-2003. At study entry, male participants completed a questionnaire about their general health, medical history, and physical activity. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% ...
Andrews Anne M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine whether the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) causes oxidative stress and evaluate the impact of dietary antioxidant intake, fitness level, and body composition on changes in oxidative stress. Forty-seven overweight subjects were asked to perform an APFT. Creatine kinase (CK), C-reactive protein ...
Jeon Justin Y - - 2010
To investigate the effects of exercise training with a functional electrical stimulation (FES) rowing machine on insulin resistance, plasma leptin levels, and body composition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Experimental study. A fitness and research center for people with disabilities. Healthy male participants with paraplegia (N=6) participated in ...
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